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( )!

k n
Proprieti ale combinrilor
Formula combinrilor complementare
k n
n
k
n
C C

=
n k s s 0
=
k
n
C
! n
! k
k n
n
C

=
Dac
atunci
1.
Consecin
y
n
x
n
C C =

=
=
y n x
y x

Exerciii
Formula combinrilor complementare
k n
n
k
n
C C

= 1.
Comparai a)
4
15
C i
11
15
C
Prin calcul direct avem
( )
11
15
4
15
! 4 ! 11
! 15
! 11 ! 4
! 15
! 4 15 ! 4
! 15
C C =

=

=
( )
1365 15 7 13
4 3 2 1 ! 11
15 14 13 12 ! 11
! 11 ! 4
! 15
! 4 15 ! 4
! 15
4
15
= =


=

=

= C
( )
1365 15 7 13
4 3 2 1 ! 11
15 14 13 12 ! 11
! 4 ! 11
! 15
! 11 15 ! 11
! 15
11
15
= =


=

=

= C
Folosind formula
Calculai b)
= + + +
8
9
7
9
6
9
5
9
4
9
3
9
2
9
1
9
C C C C C C C C
( )
8
9
1
9
C C = ( )
7
9
2
9
C C ( )
6
9
3
9
C C + ( )
5
9
4
9
C C
0 =
Exerciii
Formula combinrilor complementare
k n
n
k
n
C C

= 1.
Grupm corespunztor
Artai c numrul c)
Exerciii
Formula combinrilor complementare
k n
n
k
n
C C

= 1.
2010
2011
3
2011
2
2011
1
2011
C C C C a =
este ptrat perfect.
Avem:
1006
2011
1005
2011
2009
2011
2
2011
2010
2011
1
2011
C C
C C
C C
=
=
=

Astfel se obine:
( )
2
1005
2011
3
2011
2
2011
1
2011
C C C C a =
tiind c d)
Exerciii
Formula combinrilor complementare
k n
n
k
n
C C

= 1.
1995 15
n n
C C = calculai
Folosind formula avem:
2010
1995 15
1995 15 1995 15
=
=
= =

n
n
C C C C
n
n n n n
Astfel se obine:
n
C
2012
1006 2011
2 1 ! 2010
2012 2011 ! 2010
! 2 ! 2010
! 2012
2010
2012 2012
=


=

= = C C
n
Rezolvai ecuaia: e)
Exerciii
Formula combinrilor complementare
k n
n
k
n
C C

= 1.
8 5
200
13 2
200
+
=
x x
C C
Folosind consecina avem:
( )

= +
= +
=
+
8 5 200 13 2
8 5 13 2
8 5
200
13 2
200
x x
x x
C C
x x
Astfel se obine:

=
=
=
y n x
y x
C C
y
n
x
n
7
21 3
8 5 13 2
=
=
= +
x
x
x x
( )
N x
x
x x
e =
=
= +
7
195
195 7
8 5 200 13 2
Verificare
27
200
27
200
8 7 5
200
13 7 2
200
C C
C C
=
=
+
Rezolvai ecuaia: f)
Exerciii
Formula combinrilor complementare
k n
n
k
n
C C

= 1.
1 7
19
2 3
19
+
=
x x
C C
Folosind consecina avem:
( )

+ =
+ =
=
+
1 7 19 2 3
1 7 2 3
1 7
19
2 3
19
x x
x x
C C
x x
Astfel se obine:

=
=
=
y n x
y x
C C
y
n
x
n
N x
x
x x
e

=
=
+ =
4
3
3 4
1 7 2 3
( )
2
20 10
1 7 19 2 3
=
=
+ =
x
x
x x
Verificare
15
19
4
19
1 2 7
19
2 2 3
19
C C
C C
=
=
+
Exerciii
Formula combinrilor complementare
k n
n
k
n
C C

= 1.
Comparai a)
i
14
25
C
11
25
C
Calculai b)
= + + +
2009
2010
2008
2010
4
2010
3
2010
2
2010
1
2010
C C C C C C
Artai c numrul c)
1998
1999
3
1999
2
1999
1
1999
998
999
3
999
2
999
1
999
C C C C
C C C C
a


=

este ptrat perfect.


tiind c d)
5 12
n n
C C = calculai
n
C
18
Rezolvai ecuaia: e)
4 2
23
1 3
23
+ +
=
x x
C C
Material realizat de Adrian Bud
Bibliografie
Matematic cls a X a, manual, ed. Mathpress,
autor Mircea Ganga
Probleme de matematic pentru cls. A X a , ed.
Paralela 45, autori Traian Cohal i alii
Matematic fr profesor, culegere de probleme
de algebr, ed. Cybela, autor Mihai Drulea
Negreti Oa
9 04 2010