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Dimensionarea si verificarea elementelor

sarpantei conf. EC5


1. Date intrare:
2. Coeficienti in functie de durata incarcarii,
clasa de exploatar si clasa de serviciu:
Unghi sarpanta [deg] :
Clasa de exploatare:
Densitatea lemnului [kN/mc]
1.1 Incarcari: Clasa de serviciu:
Invelitoare [kPa] : Clasa de durata a incarcarii permanenta:
Tavan [kPa]: Clasa de durata a incarcarii variabile:
Clasa 1 de exploatare: Umiditatea relativa a aerului 65%;
Clasa 2 de exploatare: Umiditatea relativa a aerului 80%;
Clasa 3 de exploatare: Umiditatea relativa a aerului > 80%;
Zapada de calcul [KPa]
Sarcina utila [kN]
Vant [KPa]
1.2 Date material:
Rezistenta la incovoiere ''f
mk
'' [MPa]
Rezistenta la compresiune ''f
c,0,g,k
'' [MPa]
Modulul de elasticitate E
0,med
[MPa]:
Modulul de elasticitate E
0,05
[MPa]:
Coeficientul k
mod
: Coeficientul k
def
:
1 si 2 3
Permanente Peste 10 ani 0.6 0.5
Lunga durata 6luni.10ani 0.7 0.55
Durata medie 7zile.6luni 0.8 0.65
Scurta durata Sub 7 zile 0.9 0.7
Instantanee 1 0.9
Durata incarcarii
Durata de
incarcare
Clasa de exploatare
1 2 3
Permanente 0.6 0.8 2
Lunga durata 0.5 0.5 1.5
Durata medie 0.2 0.25 0.75
Scurta durata 0 0 0.3
Instantanee 0 0 0
Durata de incarcare
Clasa de serviciu
3. Date dimensionare SIPCA:
Distanta interax sipci [cm] :
Distanta interax capriori [cm] :
Inatime sipca ''h'' [cm] :
Latime sipca ''b'' [cm]
Sageata maxima L/...:
clasa1 2 clasa
I
2 if
3 otherwise
2 = := K
modp
vlookup Per K
modtab
, clasa1 ,
( )0
0.6 = :=
k
defp
vlookup Per k
deftab
, clasa
sI
,
( )0
0.8 = :=
K
modv
vlookup Var K
modtab
, clasa1 ,
( )0
0.8 = :=
k
defv
vlookup Var k
deftab
, clasa
sI
,
( )0
0.25 = :=

med

medI
kN
m
3
6
kN
m
3
= := q
inv
q
invI
kPa 0.43 kPa = := s
sipca
s
sipcaI
cm 30 cm = :=
c
caprior
c
capriorI
cm 70 cm = := h
s
h
sI
cm 3.8 cm = := b
s
b
sI
cm 5.8 cm = := f
m.k
f
mkI
MPa 24 MPa = :=
E
0.med
E
0.medI
MPa 11000 MPa = := E
0.05
E
0.05I
MPa 7400 MPa = :=
s
0
s
0I
kPa 1.2 kPa = := w
e
w
eI
kPa 0.5 kPa = :=
Evaluarea incarcarilor:
Permanente: G
k
- greutatea proprie: g
s
b
s
h
s

med
1.32 10
2

kN
m
= :=
- invelitoare: g
inv
q
inv
s
sipca

cos ( )
0.16
kN
m
= :=
incarcarea totala ce actioneaza pe sipca: P
s.perm
g
s
g
inv
+ 0.18
kN
m
= :=
incarcarea totala de calcul:
P
s.perm.c
1.35 P
s.perm
0.24
kN
m
= :=
P
s.perm.cy
P
s.perm.c
cos ( ) 0.19
kN
m
= := P
s.perm.cz
P
s.perm.c
sin ( ) 0.15
kN
m
= :=
y - y: z -z:
Variabile : - zapada (de lunga durata)
- incarcarea din zapada care ii revine unei sipci: P
s.zap
s
0
s
sipca
cos ( ) 0.28
kN
m
= :=
- incarcarea din zapada, de calcul, care ii revine unei sipci: P
s.zap.c
1.5 P
s.zap
0.43
kN
m
= :=
y - y: P
s.zap.cy
P
s.zap.c
cos ( ) 0.34
kN
m
= := z - z: P
s.zap.cz
P
s.zap.c
sin ( ) 0.26
kN
m
= :=
- Vant (de scurta durata)
- incarcarea din vant care ii revine unei sipci (y-y): P
s.vant.y
w
e
s
sipca
0.15
kN
m
= :=

0.1
0.7 :=
- incarcarea din vant, de calcul care ii revine unei sipci:
P
s.vant.cy
1.5 P
s.vant.y

0.1
0.16
kN
m
= :=
Calculul la starea limita de rezistenta:
K
m
0.7 := pentru sectiuni rectangulare din SR EN 1995 capitolul 1.1.6 (2)

M
1.3 := SR EN 1995-1-1 pg.25/tab 1.3
K
mod.z
K
modp
P
s.perm.cz
K
modv
P
s.zap.cz
+
P
s.perm.cz
P
s.zap.cz
+
0.73 = :=
K
mod.y
K
modp
P
s.perm.cy
K
modv
P
s.zap.cy
+
P
s.perm.cy
P
s.zap.cy
+
0.73 = :=
f
m.z.d
K
mod.z
f
m.k

M
13.44
N
mm
2
= :=
f
m.y.d
K
mod.y
f
m.k

M
13.44
N
mm
2
= :=
M
z
P
s.perm.cy
P
s.zap.cy
+ P
s.vant.cy
+
( )
c
caprior
2
8
4.17 10
2
kN m = :=
M
y
P
s.perm.cz
P
s.zap.cz
+
( )
c
caprior
2
8
2.51 10
2
kN m = :=
W
z
b
s
h
s
2

|
\
|

6
13.96 cm
3
= :=
W
y
b
s
2
h
s

|
\
|

6
21.31 cm
3
= :=

m.z.d
M
z
W
z
2.99 MPa = :=

m.y.d
M
y
W
y
1.18 MPa = :=
SolicitareY

m.y.d
f
m.y.d
K
m

m.z.d
f
m.z.d
+
|

\
|
|
|

0.24 = := < 1
SolicitareZ

m.y.d
f
m.y.d
K
m


m.z.d
f
m.z.d
+
|

\
|
|
|

0.28 = := < 1
B. Calculul la starea limita de deformatie:
- incarcarile permanente:
I
z
b
s
h
s
3

|
\
|

12
2.65 10
5
mm
4
= :=
u
G.inst.y
5
384
P
s.perm.cy
c
caprior
4

|
\
|

E
0.05
I
z

0.3 mm = :=
u
G.fin.y
u
G.inst.y
1 k
defp
+
( )
0.54 mm = :=
I
y
b
s
3
h
s

|
\
|

12
6.18 10
5
mm
4
= :=
u
G.inst.z
5
384
P
s.perm.cz
c
caprior
4

|
\
|

E
0.05
I
y

0.1 mm = :=
u
G.fin.z
u
G.inst.z
1 k
defp
+
( )
0.18 mm = :=
- incarcarile de durata medie (zapada):
u
Qk1.inst.y
5
384
P
s.zap.cy
c
caprior
4

|
\
|

E
0.05
I
z

0.53 mm = :=
u
Qk1.fin.y
u
Qk1.inst.y
1 k
defv
+
( )
0.67 mm = :=
u
Qk1.inst.z
5
384
P
s.zap.cz
c
caprior
4

|
\
|

E
0.05
I
y

0.18 mm = :=
u
Qk1.fin.z
u
Qk1.inst.z
1 k
defv
+
( )
0.22 mm = :=
- incarcarile de durata scurta (vant):
u
inst
5
384
P
s.vant.cy
c
caprior
4

|
\
|

E
0.05
I
z

0.25 mm = :=
u
Qki.fin
u
inst
1 0.4 k
defv
+
( )
0.28 mm = :=
u
fin
u
G.fin.z
u
Qk1.fin.z
+
( )
2
u
G.fin.y
u
Qk1.fin.y
+ u
Qki.fin
+
( )
2
+ 1.54 mm = :=
u
fin
u
adm
<
u
adm
c
caprior
L
sageata.s
2.8 mm = :=
Gradul de solicitare SLU: Starea limita de deformatie SLS:
u
adm
2.8 mm =
SolicitareZ 0.28 =
u
fin
u
adm
0.55 =
<1.0 <1.0
SolicitareY 0.24 = u
fin
1.54 mm =
4. Date dimensionare CAPRIOR:
Deschiderea ''d'' [m]:
Inatime caprior ''h'' [cm] :
Latime caprior ''b'' [cm]
Factor ''m'' de transformare moment:
Sageata maxima L/...:
q
tav
q
tavI
kPa 0 kPa = := Q
k
Q
kI
kN 0.7 kN = := d d
I
m 4.45 m = :=
h
cap
h
capI
cm 18 cm = :=
Calculul la starea limita de rezistenta
b
cap
b
capI
cm 10 cm = :=
Evaluarea incarcarilor
Greutatea proprie a invelitorii:
g
invc
q
inv
c
caprior

cos ( )
0.38
kN
m
= :=
Greutatea proprie a sipcilor:
g
csipca
b
s
h
s

med
4
cos ( )
6.71 10
2

kN
m
= :=
Greutatea proprie a unui caprior
g
caprior
h
cap
b
cap

med

cos ( )
0.14
kN
m
= :=
tavan:
g
tavan
q
tav
c
caprior

cos ( )
0
kN
m
= :=
Incarcarea permanenta totala:
p
cperm
g
invc
g
csipca
+ g
caprior
+ g
tavan
+ 0.59
kN
m
= :=
Incarcarea din zapada care ii revine unui caprior:
p
czap
s
0
cos ( ) c
caprior
0.66
kN
m
= :=
Incarcarea data de sarcina utila
Q
k
Q
kI
kN 0.7 kN = :=
Incarcarea data de vant
p
vant
w
e
c
caprior
0.35
kN
m
= :=
M
1
1.35 p
cperm
d
2

8
1.5 p
czap
d
2

8
+ 1.5 0.7
w
e
c
caprior
d
2

8
+ 5.33 kN m = :=
M
2
1.35 p
cperm
d
2

8
1.5 p
czap
d
2

8
+
1.5 0.7 Q
k
d
4
+ 5.23 kN m = :=
M
3
1.35 p
cperm
d
2

8
1.5 Q
k
d
4
+ 1.5 0.7
p
czap
d
2

8
+ 4.85 kN m = :=
M
4
1.35 p
cperm
d
2

8
1.5
w
e
c
caprior
d
2

8
+
1.5 0.7 Q
k
d
4
+ 4.08 kN m = :=
M
d
max M
1
M
2
, M
3
, M
4
,
( )
5.33 kN m = :=

mcrt
0.75 E
0.05
b
cap
2

h
cap
d
69.29 MPa = :=

rel
f
m.k
m

mcrt
0.55 = :=
zveltetea relativa
k
crt
1
rel
0.75 if
1.56 0.75
rel

( )
0.75
rel
< 1.4 if
1

rel
2

rel
1.4 > if
:=
k
crt
1 = k
mod
K
modp
1.35 p
cperm
K
modv
1.5 p
czap

( )
+
1.35 p
cperm
1.5 p
czap
+
0.71 = :=
k
h
min
150mm
h
cap
|

\
|
|

0.2
1.3 ,

(
(
(

0.96 = :=
k
ls
1 := factor de modificare a constantei rigiditatii
f
md
k
mod
k
crt
k
ls
k
h

f
m.k

M
12.66 MPa = :=
W
c
b
cap
h
cap
2

6
5.4 10
2
cm
3
= :=

md
M
d
W
c
9.86 MPa = :=
Solicitare

md
f
md
0.78 = :=

md
f
md
0.78 =
Starea limita de exploatare normala
Sageata data de incarcarea permanenta:
I
c
b
cap
h
cap
3
12
4.86 10
3
cm
4
= :=
u
Ginst
5
384
p
cperm
d
4

I
c
E
0.05

8.32 mm = :=
u
Gfinc
u
Ginst
1 k
defp
+
( )
14.98 mm = :=
Sageata data de zapada:
u
instQ2
5
348
P
s.zap.cz
d
4

E
0.05
I
c

4.1 mm = :=
u
finQ2
u
instQ2
1 k
defv
+
( )
5.13 mm = :=
u
fin
u
Gfinc
u
finQ2
+ 20.11 mm = :=
u
adm
d
L
sageata.c
22.25 mm = :=
Gradul de solicitare SLU: Starea limita de deformatie SLS:
u
adm
22.25 mm =
Solicitare 0.78 = <1.0
u
fin
u
adm
0.9 = <1.0
u
fin
20.11 mm =
5. Date dimensionare PANA:
Deschiderea ''l
c
'' [m]:
Deschiderea aferenta ''d'' [m]:
Inatime pana ''h'' [cm] :
Latime pana ''b'' [cm]
Numar de capriori rezamate pe pana
[buc]:
Factor ''m'' de transformare moment:
Sageata maxima L/...:
l
cp
l
cpI
m 2.1m = := h
p
h
pI
cm 18 cm = := b
p
b
pI
cm 12 cm = := d d
I
m :=
Calcul la strea limita de rezistenta
Distanta maxima intre 2 popi: 2.2m
Determinarea incarcarilor permanente:
Greutatea proprie a invelitorii Greutatea proprie a tavanului
p
invp
q
inv
cos ( )
c
caprior
cos ( )
d
cos ( )
1.36 kN = := p
tav
q
tav
cos ( )
c
caprior
cos ( )
d
cos ( )
0 kN = :=
Greutatea proprie a sipcilor
n
s
m
s
sipca
3.33 = :=
p
psipci
b
s
h
s

med

cos ( )
n
s
m
c
caprior
cos ( )
d
cos ( )
0.14 kN = :=
Greutatea proprie a capriorilor
p
pcaprior
b
cap
h
cap

med

cos ( )
cos ( )
d
cos ( )
0.49 kN = :=
Greutatea proprie a panei
g
pana
b
p
h
p

med
0.13
kN
m
= :=
Incarcarile temporare de lunga durata (zapada)
p
pzapada
s
0
cos ( ) cos ( ) c
caprior

d
cos ( )
2.35 kN = :=
Incarcarile temporare de scurta durata date de om
p
pvant
w
e
c
caprior

d
cos ( )
1.58 kN = :=
Incarcarile data de invelitoare, sipci, capriori, zapada
p
p
1.35 p
invp
1.35 p
psipci
+ 1.35 p
pcaprior
+ 1.5 p
pzapada
+ 6.2 kN = :=
Ipoteza 1

p
pperm
p
invp
p
tav
+ p
psipci
+ p
pcaprior
+ 1.98 kN = :=
M
z1
1.35 p
pperm
cos ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
1.35 g
pana
l
cp
2

8
+
1.5 p
pzapada
cos ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
+
1.5 0.7
p
pvant
cos ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
+
... 4.16 kN m = :=
M
y1
1.35 p
pperm
sin ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
1.5 p
pzapada
sin ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
+ 1.5 0.7
p
pvant
sin ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
+ 3.17 kN m = :=
M
z2
1.35 p
pperm
cos ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
1.35 g
pana
l
cp
2

8
+
1.5 p
pzapada
cos ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
+
1.5 0.7 Q
k
l
cp
n
buc

4
+
... 4.27 kN m = :=
M
z3
1.35 p
pperm
cos ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
1.35 g
pana
l
cp
2

8
+ 1.5
p
pvant
cos ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
+
1.5 0.7 p
pzapada
cos ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
+
... 3.98 kN m = :=
M
y3
1.35 p
pperm
sin ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
1.5
p
pvant
sin ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
+
1.5 0.7 p
pzapada
sin ( ) n
buc

l
cp
l
cp
2

8
+ 3.03 kN m = :=
M
z
max M
z1
M
z2
, M
z3
,
( )
4.27 m kN = := M
y
max M
y1
M
y3
,
( )
3.17 m kN = :=
W
zp
b
p
h
p
2

6
648 cm
3
= :=
W
yp
h
p
b
p
2

6
432 cm
3
= :=

mzp
M
z
W
zp
6.59 MPa = :=

myp
M
y
W
yp
7.347 MPa = :=

m.crtz
0.75
E
0.05
b
p
2

h
p
l
cp

211.43 MPa = :=

m.crty
0.75
E
0.05
h
p
2

b
p
l
cp

713.57 MPa = :=

rel.mz
f
m.k
m
p


m.crtz
0.33 = :=
rel.my
f
m.k
m
p


m.crty
0.18 = :=
k
crtz
1
rel.mz
0.75 if
1.56 0.75
rel.mz

( )
0.75
rel.mz
< 1.4 if
1

rel.mz
2

rel.mz
1.4 > if
:= k
crty
1
rel.my
0.75 if
1.56 0.75
rel.my

( )
0.75
rel.my
< 1.4 if
1

rel.my
2

rel.my
1.4 > if
:=
k
crtz
1 = k
crty
1 =
k
is
1 :=
K
modz
K
modp
1.35 p
pperm
cos ( ) 4
l
cp
1.35 g
pana
+
|

\
|
|
|

K
modv
1.5 p
pzapada
cos ( ) 4
l
cp
+
1.35 p
pperm
cos ( ) 4
l
cp
1.35 g
pana
+
|

\
|
|
|

1.5 p
pzapada
cos ( ) 4
l
cp
+
0.71 = :=
K
mody
K
modp
1.35 p
pperm
sin ( ) 4
l
cp
1.35 g
pana
+
|

\
|
|
|

K
modv
1.5 p
pzapada
sin ( ) 4
l
cp
+
1.35 p
pperm
sin ( ) 4
l
cp
1.35 g
pana
+
|

\
|
|
|

1.5 p
pzapada
sin ( ) 4
l
cp
+
0.71 = :=
k
hz
min
150mm
h
p
|

\
|
|

0.2
1.3 ,

(
(
(

0.96 = := k
hy
min
150mm
b
p
|

\
|
|

0.2
1.3 ,

(
(
(

1.05 = :=
f
mzdp
K
modz
k
crtz
k
is
k
hz

f
m.k
1.3
12.67 MPa = := f
mydp
K
mody
k
crty
k
is
k
hy

f
m.k
1.3
13.73 MPa = :=
k
mp
0.7 :=

mzp
f
mzdp
k
mp

myp
f
mydp
+ 0.89 =
SolicitareZ

mzp
f
mzdp
k
mp

myp
f
mydp
+ := SolicitareY

myp
f
mydp
k
mp

mzp
f
mzdp
+ :=

myp
f
mydp
k
mp

mzp
f
mzdp
+ 0.9 =
Calcului sagetii data de incarcarea permanenta dupa cele doua axe y si z:
I
zp
b
p
h
p
3
12
5.83 10
3
cm
4
= :=
I
yp
h
p
b
p
3

12
2.59 10
3
cm
4
= :=
permy
p
pperm
cos ( ) n
buc

l
cp
g
pana
+ 1.99
kN
m
= :=
permz
p
pperm
sin ( ) n
buc

l
cp
g
pana
+ 1.58
1
m
kN = :=
u
instGyp
5
384
permy l
cp
4

E
0.05
I
zp

0.12 cm = :=
u
instGzp
5
384
permy l
cp
4

E
0.05
I
yp

0.26 cm = :=
u
finGzp
u
instGzp
1 k
defp
+
( )
0.47 cm = :=
u
finGyp
u
instGyp
1 k
defp
+
( )
0.21 cm = :=
Calculuil sagetii data de zapada dupa cele doua axe y si z:
u
finQ1zp
5
348
p
pzapada
cos ( ) n
buc

( )
l
cp
l
cp
4

E
0.05
I
yp

1 k
defv
+
( )
0.4 cm = :=
u
finQ1yp
5
348
p
pzapada
sin ( ) n
buc

( )
l
cp
l
cp
4

E
0.05
I
zp

1 k
defv
+
( )
0.14 cm = :=
Sageata finala :
u
fin
u
finGzp
u
finQ1zp
+
( )
2
u
finGyp
u
finQ1yp
+
( )
2
+ 0.94 cm = :=
u
adm
l
cp
L
sageata.p
1.05 cm = :=
Gradul de solicitare SLU: Starea limita de deformatie SLS:
u
adm
1.05 cm =
SolicitareZ 0.89 =
u
fin
u
adm
0.9 = <1.0
<1.0
SolicitareY 0.9 = u
fin
0.94 cm =
6. Date dimensionarea POP:
Deschiderea dintre reazame ''t'' [m]: (pe directia panei)
Deschiderea aferenta ''d'' [m]:
Inaltimea popului ''H
pop
'' [m]:
Latimea pop ''h
pop
'' [cm]: h
pop
=b
pop
Lungime de flambaj:
t t
I
m 2.1m = := d d
I
m 4 m = := H
pop
H
popI
m 2.8m = := h
pop
h
popI
cm 15 cm = := f
cok
f
cokI
MPa 21 MPa = :=
b
pop
h
pop
:= l
ef
l
flambaj
H
pop
2.8m = :=
I
pop
b
pop
4
12
4.22 10
3
cm
4
= :=
Evaluarea incarcarilor
Incarcarea data de invelitoare
g
in
q
inv
cos ( )
d
cos ( )
t
|

\
|
|

5.82 kN = := g
tav
q
tav
cos ( )
d
cos ( )
t
|

\
|
|

0 kN = :=
Incarcarea data de sipci
g
sipci
b
s
h
s

med

cos ( )
n
s
m

d
cos ( )
t
|

\
|
|

0.6 kN = :=
Incarcarea data de capriori
g
capr
b
cap
h
cap

med

cos ( )
1
c
caprior

d
cos ( )
t
|

\
|
|

2.09 kN = :=
Incarcarea data de pana curenta
g
panac
b
p
h
p

med
t 0.27 kN = :=
Greutatea proprie a unui pop
g
pop
b
pop
h
pop
H
pop

med
0.38 kN = :=
perm
pop
g
pop
g
panac
+ g
capr
+ g
sipci
+ g
in
+ g
tav
+ 9.15 kN = :=
Incarcarea din zapada
g
zapada
s
0
cos ( )
d
cos ( )
t
|

\
|
|

10.08 kN = :=
g
vant
w
e
d
cos ( )
t cos ( ) 4.2 kN = :=
Ipoteza 1: 1.35 perm
pop
1.5 g
zapada
+ 1.5 0.7 g
vant
+ 31.88 kN =
Ipoteza 4 1.35 perm
pop
1.5 Q
k
+ 0.7 g
zapada
+ 20.46 kN =
rezistenta centrica la compresiune SR 338 pentru lemnul masiv 24
i
I
pop
b
pop
h
pop

43.3 mm = := raza de giratie



l
ef
i
64.66 = :=

c.crt

2
E
0.05


2
17.47 MPa = :=
.relpop > 0.3 trebuie
calculat coef. de
flambaj

relpop
f
cok

c.crt
1.1 = := SR EN 1991, pg.44

cod
perm
pop
1.35 g
zapada
1.5 + 0.7 1.5 g
vant
+
b
pop
h
pop

1.42 MPa = :=

c
0.2 := pentru lemn masiv
k 0.5 1
c

relpop
0.3
( )
+
rel
2
+

0.73 = :=
k
c
1
k k
2

relpop
2
+ +
0.49 = := coef. de flambaj
k
modpop
K
modp
perm
pop
1.35
( )
K
modv
perm
pop
1.35 g
zapada
1.5 +
( )
+
perm
pop
1.35
( )
perm
pop
1.35 g
zapada
1.5 +
( )
+
0.74 = :=
f
cod
k
c
k
modpop

f
cok

M
5.81 MPa = :=

cod
k
c
f
cod

0.5 = < 1 SolicitareR



cod
k
c
f
cod

:=
Gradul de solicitare SLU:
SolicitareR 0.5 =
<1.0

I
deg 38 deg = :=