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Citete cu atenie sursele istorice propuse. n baza lor, a cunotinelor i a competenelor dobndite,
rspunde la ntrebrile propuse.
Sursa A Dezmembrarea Uniunii federale, pn mai ieri o simpl ameninare, a devenit astzi o tentativ
formidabil. Eu susin c, n spiritul legii universale i al contiinei, Uniunea statelor noastre este perpetu.
Perpetuitatea ei este implicat, chiar dac nu este exprimat, n legea fundamental a tuturor guvernelor naionale
(...). Uniunea este mult mai veche dect constituia. Ea s-a format , n fapt, prin articolele de asociere din 1774.
A fost dezvoltat i continuat de Declaraia de independen din 1776. A fost dezvoltat mai departe prin
jurmntul i angajamentul explicit al tuturor celor treisprezece state, cuprinse n articolele Confederaiei din
1778, n sensul c ea trebuie s fie venic. n fine, n 1787, unul din scopurile declarate ale promulgrii i
statornicirii constituiei a fost acela de a forma o uniune mai deplin(...). Ceteni, n minele voastre,
nemulumiii mei conceteni, i nu ntr-ale mele, se afl teribila problem a rzboiului civil.
Guvernul n-au va ataca. Nu vei avea rzboi, dac nu vei fi agresori. Voi n-ai de pus jurmntul de a
distruge statul, n vreme ce eu am depus jurmntul cel mai solemn de a-l menine, de a-l proteja i de a-l
apra.
... Dei pmnturile au ntins la maximum coarda afeciunii noastre reciproce, ele nu trebuie s o
rup....
(Din Discursul inaugural al preedintelui SUA , A. Lincoln, 4 martie 1861)
Sursa B ,,Art. XXII. Principatele Muntenia i Moldova vor continua s se bucure, sub suzeranitatea Porii i
garania puterilor contractante, de privilegiile i de imunitile pe care le au (...). Art. XXIV. Majestatea sa
sultanul promite s convoace imediat, n fiecare dintre cele dou provincii, un divan ad-hoc, alctuit n aa fel
nct s constituie reprezentarea cea mai exact a intereselor tuturor claselor societii. Aceste divanuri vor fi
chemate s exprime dorinele populaiilor referitoare la organizarea definitiv a principatelor.
(Tratatul de la Paris, 1856)
I. Timpul, spatial i personalitatea n baza analizei i valorificrii surselor istorice propuse.
1. Numete evenimentele despre care este vorba n surele A i B.
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B _______________________________________________________________________________
2. Numete statele la care se refer subiectele expuse n sursele A i B. _______________________________
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3. Indic trei evenimente istorice, ce se ncadreaz n contextul reflectat n sursa A i B, datndu-le.
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4. Construiete un segment de ax cronologic, plasnd pe ele evenimentele indicate mai sus.
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5. Alctuiete dou enunuri, cu noiunile evideniate n sursa B, care ar conine un adevr istoric, cu referire la
unirea Principatelor.
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6. Enumer, n baza a trei argumente, rolul istoric al personalitii indicate n sursa A.
Personalitatea istoric ___________________________________ Statul _______________________
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7. Indic pe harta de contur teritoriul Principatelor Romne nainte i dup unirea din 1859.
Legenda:

8. Scrie 2 concluzii referitoare la rezultatele rzboiului civil din SUA, utiliznd noiunile subliniate n sursa A.
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II. Relaia de cauzalitate n istorie
9. a) Selecteaz din contextul sursei A i B, cite un eveniment/ fenomen/proces, aflate n relaii de cauz efect.
Sursa A_______________________________________________________________________________
Sursa B_______________________________________________________________________________
b) Formuleaz relaia de cauzalitate/ interdependen dintre evenimentele/fenomenele indicate.
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c) Demonstreaz relaia de cauzalitate/ interdependen formulat, respectnd algoritmul propus.
Not! Relaia de cauzalitate va fi structurat conform algoritmului:
- prezentarea epocii istorice i a spaiului istoric al cauzalitii;
- stabilirea cauzei prin utilizarea unui fapt / eveniment istoric relevant, ce a determinat relaia de cauzalitate;
- stabilirea conectorilor care exprim relaia de cauzalitate cu incadrarea a minimum 2 personaliti, 2 date
cronologice, 2 termeni istorici;
- stabilirea consecinelor imediate i de perspectiv;
- argumentarea relaiei cauz-efect
La elaborarea relaiei de cauzalitate se va ine cont de: ncadrarea relevant a personalitilor istorice,
utilizarea limbajului istoric adecvat (dou noiuni istorice), a dou date cronologice; formularea i
argumentarea concluziei.
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III. Eseu
10. Formuleaz o tematic de eseu, ce reflect contextul istoric alevenimentelor/fenomenelor/problemelor
pornind de la coninutul sursei B.
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Elaboreaz un eseu la tematica formulat, ncadrat n 1,5 pagini, respectnd algoritmul propus:
Not: La elaborarea eseului se va ine cont de: utilizarea limbajului istoric; abordarea subiectului n relevan tematic
i expunere logic; evidenierea relaiilor de cauzalitate; plasarea corect n timp i spaiu a evenimentelor i
personalitilor istorice; reflectarea subiectului abordat prin prisma de la naional la universal; formularea i
argumentarea concluziei; respectarea volumului indicat.

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