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Marian MLADINOVICI

TEM DE CAS
Se consider laminorul cuarto pentru benzi subiri din figura 1 . Sistemul de automatizare al
procesului de laminare are denumirea generic AGC (Automatic Gauge Control). Obtinerea unui
rulou de band cu grosimea final dorit se face prin mai multe treceri de laminare , pornind de
la o grosime iniial dat. Se cere s se calculeze:
- Numarul de treceri si fortele de laminare la fiecare trecere astfel inct sa nu se depaeasca
forta maxima admisibila
- Cunoscnd modul de elasticitate al cajei sa se calculeze distantele in gol dintre cilindrii de
laminare la fiecare trecere
- Grosimile initiale sunt 0.6+0.05*N
- Grosimile finale sunt 0.1+0.03*N
Unde N este numarul de ordine alfabetic al studentului , in cazul de fata N = 6
h1= 0.6+0.05*6 = 0.9 mm
h2= 0.1+0.03*6 = 0.28 mm
Nr. de treceri
h1[mm]
1
0.9
2
0.6
3
0.4

h2[mm]
0.6
0.4
0.28

F[Kgf]
44.911
92.423
104.667

M[Kgf/mm]
149.705
462.120
872.229

M[Kgf*mm]
64.222
117.859
104.530

DATE TRECEREA 1
GEOMETRIE
Diametrul cilindrilor (2R0) = 120 mm
Latimea benzii
(L) = 250 mm
Grosimea la intrare (2h0) = 0.9 mm
Grosimea la iesire (2h3) = 0.6 mm
Tensiunea la intrare (T1) = 700 Kgf
Tensiunea la iesire (T2) = 700 Kgf
MATERIALE
Modulul de elasticitate al cilindrilor (Ec) = 2.2e+4 Kgf/mm^2
Coeficientul Poisson al cilindrilor (nc) = 0.3
Modulul de elasticitate al benzii (Eb) = 2.1e+4 Kgf/mm^2
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Marian MLADINOVICI
TENSIUNI LIMITA - BANDA
Grosime de referinta (2href) = 0.7 mm
----------------------------Reducere
Tensiune
specifica
Kgf/mm^2
----------------------------.000
20.000
.050
29.103
.100
35.849
.150
41.922
.200
47.595
.250
52.988
.300
58.168
.350
63.177
.400
68.045
.450
72.792
.500
77.435
.550
81.986
.600
86.454
.650
90.849
.700
95.176
.750
99.442
.800
103.651
.850
107.808
.900
111.917
.950
115.980
1.000
120.000
1.050
123.980
1.100
127.923
1.150
131.830
1.200
135.703
1.250
139.544
1.300
143.354
1.350
147.136
1.400
150.889
1.450
154.615
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Marian MLADINOVICI
1.500
1.550
1.600
1.650
1.700
1.750
1.800
1.850
1.900
1.950
2.000
2.050
2.100
2.150
2.200
2.250
2.300
2.350
2.400
2.450
2.500

158.316
161.992
165.645
169.275
172.883
176.470
180.036
183.583
187.110
190.619
194.110
197.584
201.040
204.481
207.905
211.314
214.707
218.086
221.451
224.801
228.138

COEFICIENT DE FRECARE
----------------------------Unghi Coeficient
rad
----------------------------0
0.14
----------------------------PARAMETRI DE INTEGRARE
Numar de pasi de integrare = 50

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Marian MLADINOVICI
REZULTATE
ARCUL DE ANTRENARE
Unghiul de intrare (theta 0) = 1.49993 rad
Unghiul de inceput (theta 1) = 1.50003 rad
Unghiul de sfirsit (theta 2) = 1.57080 rad
Unghiul de iesire (theta 3) = 1.57521 rad
Arcul de antrenare
= 0.07076 rad
FORTE DE LAMINARE CORECTATE
Forta corectata = 44,911.490 Kgf
Modul plasticitate = 149,704.968 Kgf/mm
Cuplul corectat = 64,222.883 Kgf.mm
Corectie forta 1 = 15.130 Kgf
Corectie forta 2 = 1,413.994 Kgf
Corectie cuplu 1 = 127.093 Kgf.mm
Corectie cuplu 2 = -11,877.551 Kgf.mm

TENSIUNI
-------------------------------------------------------------------Unghi
Tensiunea Q
Tensiunea P Tensiunea TAU
rad
Kgf/mm^2
Kgf/mm^2
Kgf/mm^2
-------------------------------------------------------------------1.500
3.111
19.983
2.798
1.501
2.883
20.211
2.830
1.503
2.639
20.455
2.864
1.504
2.378
20.716
2.900
1.506
2.100
20.995
2.939
1.507
1.803
21.291
2.981
1.509
1.487
21.608
3.025
1.510
1.150
21.944
3.072
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Marian MLADINOVICI
1.511
1.513
1.514
1.516
1.517
1.518
1.520
1.521
1.523
1.524
1.526
1.527
1.528
1.530
1.531
1.533
1.534
1.535
1.537
1.538
1.540
1.541
1.542
1.544
1.545
1.547
1.548
1.550
1.550
1.551
1.552
1.554
1.555
1.557
1.558
1.559
1.561
1.562

0.792
0.412
0.007
-0.422
-0.877
-1.359
-1.871
-2.413
-2.986
-3.604
-4.250
-4.943
-5.685
-6.480
-7.329
-8.213
-9.214
-10.316
-11.525
-12.847
-14.275
-15.837
-17.515
-19.314
-21.242
-23.304
-25.547
-29.422
-29.422
-28.246
-25.299
-22.439
-19.672
-16.998
-14.417
-11.930
-9.533
-7.226

22.302
22.683
23.087
23.516
23.971
24.453
24.965
25.507
26.080
26.837
27.901
29.011
30.170
31.382
32.649
34.954
37.663
40.473
43.389
46.420
49.405
52.001
54.712
57.545
60.506
63.601
66.641
71.610
71.610
70.696
68.428
66.246
64.127
61.851
59.670
57.582
55.584
53.676

3.122
3.176
3.232
3.292
3.356
3.423
3.495
3.571
3.651
3.757
3.906
4.062
4.224
4.393
4.571
4.894
5.273
5.666
6.075
6.499
6.917
7.280
7.660
8.056
8.471
8.904
9.330
10.025
-10.025
-9.897
-9.580
-9.274
-8.978
-8.659
-8.354
-8.061
-7.782
-7.515
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Marian MLADINOVICI
1.564
-5.022
51.723
-7.241
1.565
-2.903
49.737
-6.963
1.567
-0.877
47.844
-6.698
1.568
1.059
46.041
-6.446
1.569
2.906
44.327
-6.206
1.571
4.667
42.699
-5.978
-------------------------------------------------------------------DATE TRECEREA 2
GEOMETRIE
Diametrul cilindrilor (2R0) = 120 mm
Latimea benzii
(L) = 250 mm
Grosimea la intrare (2h0) = 0.6 mm
Grosimea la iesire (2h3) = 0.4 mm
Tensiunea la intrare (T1) = 700 Kgf
Tensiunea la iesire (T2) = 700 Kgf
MATERIALE
Modulul de elasticitate al cilindrilor (Ec) = 2.2e+4 Kgf/mm^2
Coeficientul Poisson al cilindrilor (nc) = 0.3
Modulul de elasticitate al benzii (Eb) = 2.1e+4 Kgf/mm^2
TENSIUNI LIMITA - BANDA
Grosime de referinta (2href) = 0.7 mm
----------------------------Reducere
Tensiune
specifica
Kgf/mm^2
----------------------------.000
20.000
.050
29.103
.100
35.849
.150
41.922
.200
47.595
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Marian MLADINOVICI
.250
.300
.350
.400
.450
.500
.550
.600
.650
.700
.750
.800
.850
.900
.950
1.000
1.050
1.100
1.150
1.200
1.250
1.300
1.350
1.400
1.450
1.500
1.550
1.600
1.650
1.700
1.750
1.800
1.850
1.900
1.950
2.000
2.050
2.100

52.988
58.168
63.177
68.045
72.792
77.435
81.986
86.454
90.849
95.176
99.442
103.651
107.808
111.917
115.980
120.000
123.980
127.923
131.830
135.703
139.544
143.354
147.136
150.889
154.615
158.316
161.992
165.645
169.275
172.883
176.470
180.036
183.583
187.110
190.619
194.110
197.584
201.040
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Marian MLADINOVICI
2.150
204.481
2.200
207.905
2.250
211.314
2.300
214.707
2.350
218.086
2.400
221.451
2.450
224.801
2.500
228.138
----------------------------COEFICIENT DE FRECARE
----------------------------Unghi Coeficient
rad
----------------------------0
0.14
----------------------------PARAMETRI DE INTEGRARE
Numar de pasi de integrare = 50

REZULTATE
ARCUL DE ANTRENARE
Unghiul de intrare (theta 0) = 1.51286 rad
Unghiul de inceput (theta 1) = 1.51303 rad
Unghiul de sfirsit (theta 2) = 1.57080 rad
Unghiul de iesire (theta 3) = 1.57552 rad
Arcul de antrenare
= 0.05777 rad
FORTE DE LAMINARE CORECTATE
Forta corectata = 92,423.965 Kgf
Modul plasticitate = 462,119.823 Kgf/mm
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Marian MLADINOVICI
Cuplul corectat = 117,859.378 Kgf.mm
Corectie forta 1 = 54.095 Kgf
Corectie forta 2 = 2,642.778 Kgf
Corectie cuplu 1 = 454.401 Kgf.mm
Corectie cuplu 2 = -22,199.338 Kgf.mm
TENSIUNI
-------------------------------------------------------------------Unghi
Tensiunea Q
Tensiunea P Tensiunea TAU
rad
Kgf/mm^2
Kgf/mm^2
Kgf/mm^2
-------------------------------------------------------------------1.513
4.667
42.700
5.978
1.514
3.879
44.904
6.287
1.515
3.013
47.188
6.606
1.516
2.061
49.557
6.938
1.518
1.018
52.016
7.282
1.519
-0.121
54.573
7.640
1.520
-1.362
57.124
7.997
1.521
-2.712
59.651
8.351
1.522
-4.174
62.289
8.720
1.523
-5.755
65.047
9.107
1.525
-7.463
67.932
9.510
1.526
-9.307
70.952
9.933
1.527
-11.293
73.942
10.352
1.528
-13.429
77.061
10.789
1.529
-15.723
80.338
11.247
1.530
-18.184
83.782
11.730
1.532
-20.824
87.405
12.237
1.533
-23.643
91.148
12.761
1.534
-26.672
94.981
13.297
1.535
-29.909
99.024
13.863
1.536
-33.368
103.287
14.460
1.537
-37.061
107.785
15.090
1.538
-41.004
112.533
15.755
1.540
-45.219
117.429
16.440
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Marian MLADINOVICI
1.541
1.542
1.543
1.544
1.545
1.547
1.548
1.549
1.550
1.550
1.551
1.552
1.553
1.555
1.556
1.557
1.558
1.559
1.560
1.562
1.563
1.564
1.565
1.566
1.567
1.568
1.570
1.571

-49.704
-54.480
-59.566
-64.979
-70.731
-76.858
-83.367
-90.281
-99.811
-99.811
-93.538
-85.201
-77.183
-69.502
-62.152
-55.122
-48.409
-42.003
-35.896
-30.080
-24.545
-19.282
-14.293
-9.554
-5.064
-0.815
3.203
7.000

122.560
127.983
133.715
139.774
146.140
152.765
159.772
167.184
177.351
177.351
171.436
163.498
155.829
148.497
141.496
134.815
128.436
122.237
116.339
110.731
105.404
100.349
95.491
90.821
86.401
82.222
78.273
74.545

17.158
17.918
18.720
19.568
20.460
21.387
22.368
23.406
24.829
-24.829
-24.001
-22.890
-21.816
-20.790
-19.809
-18.874
-17.981
-17.113
-16.287
-15.502
-14.757
-14.049
-13.369
-12.715
-12.096
-11.511
-10.958
-10.436

DATE TRECEREA 3
GEOMETRIE
Diametrul cilindrilor (2R0) = 120 mm
Latimea benzii
(L) = 250 mm
Grosimea la intrare (2h0) = 0.4 mm
Grosimea la iesire (2h3) = 0.28 mm
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Marian MLADINOVICI
Tensiunea la intrare (T1) = 700 Kgf
Tensiunea la iesire (T2) = 700 Kgf
MATERIALE
Modulul de elasticitate al cilindrilor (Ec) = 2.2e+4 Kgf/mm^2
Coeficientul Poisson al cilindrilor (nc) = 0.3
Modulul de elasticitate al benzii (Eb) = 2.1e+4 Kgf/mm^2
TENSIUNI LIMITA - BANDA
Grosime de referinta (2href) = 0.7 mm
----------------------------Reducere
Tensiune
specifica
Kgf/mm^2
----------------------------.000
20.000
.050
29.103
.100
35.849
.150
41.922
.200
47.595
.250
52.988
.300
58.168
.350
63.177
.400
68.045
.450
72.792
.500
77.435
.550
81.986
.600
86.454
.650
90.849
.700
95.176
.750
99.442
.800
103.651
.850
107.808
.900
111.917
.950
115.980
1.000
120.000
Page 11

Marian MLADINOVICI
1.050
123.980
1.100
127.923
1.150
131.830
1.200
135.703
1.250
139.544
1.300
143.354
1.350
147.136
1.400
150.889
1.450
154.615
1.500
158.316
1.550
161.992
1.600
165.645
1.650
169.275
1.700
172.883
1.750
176.470
1.800
180.036
1.850
183.583
1.900
187.110
1.950
190.619
2.000
194.110
2.050
197.584
2.100
201.040
2.150
204.481
2.200
207.905
2.250
211.314
2.300
214.707
2.350
218.086
2.400
221.451
2.450
224.801
2.500
228.138
-----------------------------

Page 12

Marian MLADINOVICI
COEFICIENT DE FRECARE
----------------------------Unghi Coeficient
rad
----------------------------0
0.14
----------------------------PARAMETRI DE INTEGRARE
Numar de pasi de integrare = 50
REZULTATE
ARCUL DE ANTRENARE
Unghiul de intrare (theta 0) = 1.52586 rad
Unghiul de inceput (theta 1) = 1.52611 rad
Unghiul de sfirsit (theta 2) = 1.57080 rad
Unghiul de iesire (theta 3) = 1.57516 rad
Arcul de antrenare
= 0.04469 rad
FORTE DE LAMINARE CORECTATE
Forta corectata = 104,667.454 Kgf
Modul plasticitate = 872,228.783 Kgf/mm
Cuplul corectat = 104,528.633 Kgf.mm
Corectie forta 1 = 139.899 Kgf
Corectie forta 2 = 2,934.828 Kgf
Corectie cuplu 1 = 1,175.152 Kgf.mm
Corectie cuplu 2 = -24,652.556 Kgf.mm

Page 13

Marian MLADINOVICI
TENSIUNI
-------------------------------------------------------------------Unghi
Tensiunea Q
Tensiunea P Tensiunea TAU
rad
Kgf/mm^2
Kgf/mm^2
Kgf/mm^2
-------------------------------------------------------------------1.526
7.000
74.546
10.436
1.527
5.090
77.155
10.802
1.528
3.042
79.903
11.186
1.529
0.847
82.799
11.592
1.530
-1.506
85.851
12.019
1.531
-4.025
89.071
12.470
1.531
-6.720
92.425
12.939
1.532
-9.603
95.917
13.428
1.533
-12.685
99.608
13.945
1.534
-15.978
103.510
14.491
1.535
-19.494
107.635
15.069
1.536
-23.248
111.998
15.680
1.537
-27.255
116.535
16.315
1.538
-31.530
121.329
16.986
1.539
-36.089
126.407
17.697
1.540
-40.949
131.787
18.450
1.540
-46.129
137.487
19.248
1.541
-51.644
143.493
20.089
1.542
-57.528
149.815
20.974
1.543
-63.795
156.520
21.913
1.544
-70.469
163.632
22.908
1.545
-77.575
171.176
23.965
1.546
-85.142
179.181
25.085
1.547
-93.204
187.615
26.266
1.548
-101.778
196.543
27.516
1.548
-110.902
206.019
28.843
1.549
-120.608
216.079
30.251
1.550
-130.933
226.758
31.746
1.551
-141.909
238.070
33.330
1.552
-153.592
250.026
35.004
1.553
-168.228
264.982
37.097
1.553
-168.228
264.982
-37.097
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Marian MLADINOVICI
1.554
-156.562
253.543
-35.496
1.555
-143.181
240.435
-33.661
1.556
-130.417
227.945
-31.912
1.556
-118.273
216.022
-30.243
1.557
-106.692
204.637
-28.649
1.558
-95.673
193.813
-27.134
1.559
-85.194
183.530
-25.694
1.560
-75.238
173.769
-24.328
1.561
-65.786
164.504
-23.031
1.562
-56.820
155.655
-21.792
1.563
-48.322
147.274
-20.618
1.564
-40.272
139.342
-19.508
1.565
-32.654
131.841
-18.458
1.565
-25.448
124.753
-17.465
1.566
-18.645
118.023
-16.523
1.567
-12.219
111.636
-15.629
1.568
-6.157
105.613
-14.786
1.569
-0.444
99.939
-13.992
1.570
4.937
94.598
-13.244
1.571
10.000
89.574
-12.540
--------------------------------------------------------------------

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Marian MLADINOVICI

T1

U
M1

TT1

SR

v1

LST2

LST1

v2
h

WR

v2

v1
SR

T2 TT2

-u
SH

u*

M2

u*
Process
STL2
Fig.
AGC
T1
10
data
T2
Evolu
iile
criteri Fig.1 The control structure of the quarto rolling mill: WR - work
rolls,
ului SR support rolls, W winding, U unwinding, SH hydraulic
servo-system
for rolls positioning, AGC automatic gauge control system, E
de
angular speed transducer of encoder type, LST1,2 linear speed transducer
perfo
of the streep, TT1,2 traction transducer.
rman
cu
i
fr
comp
ensat
or
dina
mic
h2

h2

Fig. 9
Evolu
iile
criteri
ului
de
perfo
rman
cu
i
fr
comp
ensat
or

Page 16