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Developmental Stages for Word Study

Do your students spell this way?


Grades: pre-K to mid 1
Correspondi ng stage
of reading and writing:
Emergent

Random marks, representational


drawing, mock linear or letter-like writing,
random letters and numbers

Talk with students and read to students to


enhance vocabulary
Build vocabulary with concept sorts
Develop phonological awareness with picture
sorts, songs, and games
Enhance alphabet knowledge with sorts, games,
writing, and matching activities

Covered in: Chapter 4

Sort pictures by initial consonant sounds to learn


letter-sound correspondences

Ages:4-9

Do your students spell this way?

Grades: K to early 3

M MN MIN
JN JV JRF DRIV
T TP TEP
N NT NAT
S SD SAD SED
S SC SK SEK
B BK BAK
L LP LOP LUP LOMP

Corresponding stage
of reading and writing:
Beginning
Covered in: Chapter 5

mine
drive
tip
net
send
sick
back
lump

Ages: 6-12

Do your students spell this way?

Grades: 1 to mid 4

SEET, SETE
NALE
ROAP
CRIE
FOWND
BOTE
CRALL, GRAUL
LAFE
TROPE
BAKE

Corresponding stage
of reading and writing:
Transitional
Covered in: Chapter 6

seat
nail
rope
cry
found
boat
crawl
laugh
troop
back

Ages: 8-18

Do your students spell this way?

Grades: 3 to 8

HOPING
ATEND
CONFUSSHUN
PLESHURE
CAPCHUR
HOCKY
BARBAR
DISPOSUL

Correspondi ng stage
of reading and writing:
Intermediate
Covered in:Chapter 7

hopping
attend
confusion
pleasure
capture
hockey
barber
disposal

Use picture sorts to review initial consonants


Sort pictures and words to contrast blends and
digraphs
Introduce short vowels in contrasting word
families
Examine short vowels in eve words
Develop sight words with word banks
Enhance oral vocabulary through read-alouds
and concept sorts

Sort pictures to contrast short and long vowel


sounds
Use word sorts to study long vowel patterns as
well as ambiguous vowels and r-controlled
vowels
Study complex consonants and homophones
Develop weekly routines and word study
notebooks
Enhance vocabulary through homophones and
inflectional morphology

Use word sorts to study inflected endings and


compound words
Examine syllable juncture with open and closed
syllable sorts
Review vowel patterns in accented syllables
Sort words by final unaccented syllables
Study common prefixes and suffixes and
how affixes change meaning and grammatical
use
Enhance academic vocabulary in content areas

Ages: 10+

Do your students spell this way?

Grades: 5 to 12

SOLEM
OPPISITJON
CRITASIZE
BENAFIT
AMMUSEMENT
APPEARENCE

Corresponding stage
of reading and writing:
Advanced
Covered in: Chapter 8

solemn
opposition
criticize
benefit
amusement
appearance

Examine the spelling-meaning connection


through the study of words derived from shared
roots and bases
Sort words by Greek and Latin roots
Study assimilated or absorbed prefixes
Study suffixes and how they signal parts of
speech
Enhance vocabulary through the study of
morphology
Explore etymology and the history of the English
language