Sunteți pe pagina 1din 2

Rockwell Hardness - ASTM D785 Plastic Test

Standard
Rockwell Hardness - ASTM D785
Rockwell hardness is a measure of the indentation resistance of a material. Testing is performed by
first forcing a steel ball indentor into the surface of a material using a specified minor load. The load is
then increased to a specified major load and then decreased back to the original minor load. Rockwell
hardness is a measure of the net increase in depth of the indentor. Each Rockwell scale division
represents a 0.002 mm (0.00008 in) penetration of the indentor.

Rockwell Hardness Test Parameters


Scale Minor Load (kg) Major Load (kg) Indentor Diameter (in) Indentor Diameter (mm)
R
10
60
0.5
12.7
L
10
60
0.25
6.35
M
10
100
0.25
6.35
E
10
100
0.125
3.175
K
10
150
0.125
3.175

Rockwell hardness is calculated by subtracting the penetration divided by the scale division from 130.
For example, if the indentor has a net depth increase of 0.12mm, the Rockwell hardness is 70.
Hardness = 130 - (penetration / scale division)
Hardness = 130 - (0.12mm / 0.002mm) = 70
Shown below is a hardness comparison chart. Hardness is a complex material property influenced by
a variety of factors. Any conversions using this chart will be a rough estimate and should not be
considered an exact conversion.

Similar Standards

ISO 2039-2