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CURS DE LIMBA ENGLEZA

Formule de salut

Bun dimineaa-Good morning


Bun ziua-Good afternoon
Bun seara-Good evening
Noapte bun-Good night
La revedere-Good bye
Pa-Bye
Salut-Hello-Hy
O zi bun-Good day-Have a nice day
Ne vedem mai trziu-See you later
Ne vedem data viitoare-See you next time
Pn data viitoare-Until next time

Would(wud) you like to repeat theat-suntei amabil s repetai ceai spus?


Would you be so kind repeat?-Suntei binevoitor s repetai?
I beg your pardon?-Ce-ai spus?
What did you say?-Ce-ai spus?
Excuse me,could you repeat?-M scuzai putei s repetai?
Prezentarea persoanelor
This is.and this is-acesta este
May I introduce..-mi dai voie s v prezint?
Let me introduceto you-Lsai-m s vi-l prezint pevou
Glad to meet you-Sunt bucuros c te cunosc
Pleas to meet you-ncntat s te cunosc
Nice to meet you-mi pare bine
How do you do-mi pare bine.Bun ziua(ca rspuns)
Hello! How are you?-Bun! Ce mai faci?
Hi,how are things? Salut,cum merg lucrurile ?
Hi,how are you doing? Salut,ce mai faci?
Very well,thank you and how are you? Foarte bine,mulunesc,i tu ?
Not se well Im afraid Mi-e team c nu prea bine
Shall I-s fac eu?
Could I -pot eu s ?
Do you want me to?-vrei tu ca eu sa fac

Would you like me to.?-ti-ar placea tie ca eu sa fac?


Thanks.That`s very kind of you. -Mersi e foarte dragut din partea ta.
That would be great(greit)! -Ar fi nemaipomenit(minunat)!
No,don`t bother! I can do it myself.-Nu,nu te deranja,pot sa fac si singur.
No,it`s all night.I can manage(menidj).-Nu,e-n regula.Ma descurc si
singur.
A cere ajutorul
Will you ,please? Vrei tu sate rog.
Would you,please? Ati vrea dumneavoastra
Do you think you could? Crezi ca ai putea
Would you mind?
Yes,of cours.
Sure
-Desigur
I will be glad to -Ai fi bucuros sa te ajut.
I`m sorry,but -imi pare rau dar
I`m a fraid I m tem c
I would like to,but-Mi-ar place,dar
Thank you! -mulumesc!
Thanks (a lot)! mersi!
I am grateful to you! mi pare bine s fac asta!
Thats all right! E-n regul!
Never mind! Nici nu mai pomeni!
Youre welcome! Cu plcere!
Sit down please! Luai loc!
Sit! Stai jos!
Stand up please! Ridicai-v!
Stand up! Ridic-te!
I dont know Nu tiu
Im sorry,I dont know! mi pare ru nu tiu
Vehicule Vehicles
Bicycle biciclet (baisikl)
Scooter- scuter (sku:t)
Motor-cycle motociclet (moutsaikl)
(motor-)car automobil (moutka:)
Train tren (trein)
(air)plane, aeroplane avion
(eplein, erplein)
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Ferry-boat feribot (feribout)


(steam)ship vapor ((sti:m)ip)
Yacht iaht (yot)
Bus autobuz (bas)
Trolley-bus troleibuy (trolibas)
Tram tramvai (traem)

Helicopter elicopter (helikopt)


Boat barc (bout)

Lorry camion (lori)


Truck camion (trak)

Grupul de ntrebri care ncep cu WH


(WH Questions)
Where unde,de unde,ncotro?
When cnd?
How cum?
Which care,pe care?
Who cine,pe cine?
What ce,care,cum?
Why de ce?
EXEMPLE:
Where
Where are you going? Unde te duci?
Where is he(she) living? Unde locuiete?
Where is the exit? Unde este ieirea?
Where are zou working? =Where do you work?-Unde lucr.?
Where are zou from? De unde este?
When

When is he(she) coming? -Cnd vine el sau ea?


When did it happen? Cnd s-a ntmplat?

How

How ould are you?=What is your age?-Ci ani ai ?


How are you?
How do you do!
How mony? Ci,cte?
How much? Ct,cte?

Which

Which one? Pe care?


Which hause? Care cas? sau A cta cas?

Who

Who is there? Cine-i acolo?


Who is coming? Cine vine?
Who are you? Cine eti?
Who is he(she)? Cine este el(ea)?

What

What is your name? Cum te numeti tu?


What are you doing? Ce faci?
So what.Big deal! Ei i,ce-i cu asta!Mare scofal!
What do you do? Ce ocupaie avei?
What do you do for living? Ce faci ca s-i ctigi

existena
What time? La ce or?
Why

Why are you coming? De ce vii?


Why are you craying? De ce plngi?
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Why did you go there? De ce te-ai dus acolo?


Ora familiar Colloquial Time
12 Twelve oclock
12.05 Five(minutes)past twelve
3.10 Ten(minutes) past three
5.15 (A)quarter past five
7.20 Twenty(minutes)past seven
9.25 Twenty-five(minutes)past nine
13.30 Half-past one
18.35 Twenty-five(min.)to seven
20.40 Twenty(minutes) to nine
21.45 (A)quarter to ten
22.50 Ten(minutes)to eleven
23.55 Five(minutes) to twelve
24.00 Twelve oclock

Ora oficial Standard Time


Twelve hours
Twelve five
Three ten
Five fifteen
Seven twenty
Nine twenty-five
Thirttn thirty
Eighteen thirty-five
Twenty forty
Twenty-one forty-five
Twenty-two fifty
Twenty-three fifty-five
Twenty-four hours

Daily life viaa de zi cu zi (deili laif)


Daily zilnic, cotidian
Routines rutin, obinuin
At noon la prnz
Midnight miezul nopii
Midday(noon) mijlocul zilei
Past trecut, peste (pa:st)
Get up trezete-te
To fr (t)
Wake up a se trezi
Quarter sfert (kwot)
Get dressed mbrcarea
Come home a veni acas
Always - ntotdeauna
Have breakfast a lua micul dejun
Usually de obicei
To wear a purta
Often - adesea
Usually de obicei (ijuli)
Sometimes cteodat
Never - niciodat
What time is it ? Ct este ceasul ?
Its two oclock. Este ora 2.
What time do you get up? La ce or te trezeti?
Where do you work ? Unde lucrezi?
What do you wear ? Ce pori (cu ce eti mbrcat)?
When(Where) do you eat ? Cnd(Unde) mnnci ?
Haw do you travel ? Cum cltoreti ?
What about you ? Dar ie?
Not really nu chiar
Spare time timp liber
Boring plictisitor
Exciting deosebit, nemaipomenit
Good fun distractiv
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Habits - obiceiuri

Good exercise exerciiu bun


Slob hrpre, maniac

Viewing vizionare
Hang-gliding-crare
Riding clrie
Gardening grdinrit
Climbing alpinism
Collecting stamps colec.de timbre
Fishing pescuit
Films filme artistice

Soaps - telenovele
Soap operas telenovele f. lungi
Socer - fotbal
Squash tenis la perete
Game shows jocuri de noroc

In the gym n sala de gimnastic


In the swimming pool n bazin
In the caf n cafenea
On a squash court pe terenul de tenis la perete
On the ruming track pe pista de alergri
On a tennis court teren de sport
In the shop la magazin
Out door n afar
In door n sal
Home sick dor de cas
To ride a cltori
Lifetime n timpul vieii
Onli numai
Waist mijloc(corp uman)
Shopkeeper patron
To wait a atepta
To be a fi
I am (Im)
You are (Youre)
He is (Hes)
She is (Shes)
It is (Its)
I am not-Im not
You are not Youre not
-You arent
He is not Hes not
-He isnt
She is not Shs not
It is not Its not

We are (Were)
You are (Youre)
They are (Theyre)
Forma negativ
We are not-Were not-We arent
You are not-Youre not-You arent
They are not-Theyre not-They arent

OBS. Aint (eint) se folosete la toate timpurile(incorect d.p.d.v.gramatical)


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Forma interogativ-afirmativ
Am I
Are you
Is He,She,It
Sg.

Pl.

Are we
Are you
Are they

Rspuns
Yes I am /No Im not
Yes you are /No you are not
Yes He(She,It) is /No it isnt
Yes we are / No we arent
Yes you are /No youre not
Yes they are/No they are not
Interogativ-negativ

Am I not-ArenI?
Are you not-Arent you?
Is he(she,it)not-Isnt he(she,it)?

Are we not-Arent we?


Are you not-Arent you?
Are they not-Arent they?

Funciile verbului TO BE
1.

2.

3.

A. Verb auxiliar pentru formarea aspectului comun


Ex: Iam reading
-eu citesc
B. Verb auxiliar pentru formarea diatezei pasive
Ex: Iam seen -eu sunt vzut
Verb modal
To be to
-a urma s,a trebui s,a fi s
Ex: Iam to read
-trebuie(urmeaz)s citesc
Verb principal atunci cnd este urmat de un adverb de loc
Ex: We are at home
-noi suntem acas
They are in the park
-ei sunt n parc
Semnele de punctuaie
Punctul -Full stop
Semnul ntrebrii
-Queston mark
Semnul exclamrii -Exclamation mark
Dou puncte
-Colon
Punct i virgul -Semicolon
Virgul
-Comma
Linia de desprire -Dash(dea)
Cratima
-Hyphen(haifen)
Ghilimelele
-Inverted commas
i
-And
Sfrit
-End
Apostrof
-Apostroph

What can I do for you?

-Cu ce te pot ajuta?


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Zilele sptmnii.
Monday
-luni
Tuesday
-mari
Wednesday -miercuri
Thursday -joi
Friday
-vineri
Saturday
-smbt
Sunday
-duminic
Lunile anului
January
February
March
April (eipril)
May (mei)
June (giun)

July(giulai)
August (ogst)
September
October
November
December(disember)
Anotimpurile

Spring
-primvar
Summer
-var
Autumn
-toamn
(Fall-fool)
Winter(uinter)-iarn
Weather vreme
Lovely plcut
Terrible groaznic
Awful f.urt,mai mult dect groaznic
Raing ploios
Wet ud
Windy vnt(bate vntul)
Cold rece
Sunny nsorit
Hot ari (fierbinte)
Degrees - grade
Temperature temperatur (temprecion)
Yesterday and last week ieri i sptmna trecut
I really enjoyed mi-a plcut mult
Places to visit locuri de vizitat
Best wishes cele mai bune urri
With all my love cu toat dragostea mea
The forest pdurea
Mountains munte
Stream ru
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Lake lac
Rock stnc
The seaside mare
Harbour - port
Beach plaja
Sea mare
The desert deertul
Sand nisip
Dune dun
Sandy - nisipoas
Sky cer
Palmtrees palmieri
Crowded aglomerat
Empty gol
Quiet linite (acas: shat up)
Noisy glgie
Quuetness - tcere
Golden auriu
Silver argintiu
Blue - albastru

Size - mrimi
Small - mic
Huge - imens
Big - mare
High - nalt
Tall - nalt
Dimension - dimensiuni
Shallow - ntins
Depth - adnc

Funciile pronumelui it
1.Pronume personal,persoana a treia sg.,gen neutru folosit pentru obiecte i noiuni
abstracte,nepersonificate,animale nepersonificate i crora nu li se cunosc sexul sau
sunt luate n sens generic.
Ex: Here is a book. It is very interesting.
How ould is your baby? It is five months ould.
2.Pronume personal-folosit pentru a indica:
a.
Timpul dup calendar sau ceas
It is six oclock on the 4th of February.
b.
Scurgerea timpului
It is getting lake se face trziu
c.
Starea atmosferic
It is getting dark se ntunericete
Its rather cloudy mai degrab e norat
d.
Fenomene meteorologice i naturale
It is raining cats and dogs plou cu gleata(torenial)
e.
It thunders tun
It lightens fulger
It is ten degrees above zero sunt +10
f. Distanele
Itsnearly ten kilometres to Albota-sunt aproape 10 km pn la Albota.
g. Starea lucrurilor n general
Its ok sau its all right!
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3.Pronume demonstrativ (echivalent cu That sau Which rsferindu-se la ceva vzut sau
menionat nainte)
He expressed his sympathies i-a prezentat condoleanele
It was nice of him (to do that) drgu din partea lui (s fac
asta)
4.Pronume introductiv
a.Introductiv anticipativ-are rolul de a introduce propoyiia printr-un subiect
formal deoarece subiectul real este deplasat dup numele predicativ pentru a-l scoate
n eviden.
Ex: Its nice to see /seeing such a garden este o plcere s vezi o asmenea
grdin.
Subiectul real se poate exprima prin:
1.Infinitivul lung to see
2.Construcii gerumviale
3.O propoziie subiectiv,de obicei introdus prin conjuncia That.
b.Introductiv de ntrire sau subliniere avnd rolul de a sublinia foarte puternic
sau de a scoate n eviden oricare parte a propoziiei cu excepia predicatului.
Ex: Its Peter who/that solved all the problems.-Peter este cel care a rezolvat
toate problemele.
5.Pronume nesemnificativ folosit ca, complement direct formal mai ales al unor
verbe intranzitive.
Acest tip de pronume apare frecvent n engleza vorbit.
Ex:Shall we cab it to the station ? S lum taxiul pn la staie.
No,I would rather foot it. Nu,prefer s merg pe jos.
Legume,verdeuri Vegetables, herbs
Potato(es) cartof(I) (pteitou(z))
Tomato(es) roie, roii tma:tou(z)
Beans fasole (bi:nz)
Peas mazre (pi:z)
Cabbage varz (kaebidj)
Carrot morcov (kaert)
Cucumber castravete (kyu:kmb)
Egg-plant;auberginevnt (egpla:t;oubji:n)
Mushrooms ciuperci (marumz)
Radish ridiche (raedi)
Spinach spanac (spinidj)
Lettuce salat verde (letis)
Onion ceap (anyn)
Garlic usturoi (ga:lik)
Hot peper ardei iute (hot pep)
Articolul (The article)
Este un instrument gramatical care individualizeaz sau determin un substantiv.
_Articol hotrt-the definite article
_Articol nehotrt the indefinite article
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_Articolul zero the zero article


The definite article se refer la unul sau mai muli oameni,locuri,lucruri sau idei
specifice.Nu i schimb forma chiar dac substantivul este la singular sau la
plural.
THE
naintea cuvintelor care ncep cu o consoan.
The ball-mingea The balls-mingile
The windou-fereastra
The windous-ferestrele
The hotel-hotelul The hotels
The cat-pisica
The cats-pisicile
i naintea cuvintelor care ncep cu o consoan sau semiconsoan.
The appels-mrul(merele)
The eyes-ochiul(ochii)
The ideas-ideea(ideile)
The oranges-portocala
The umbrellas-umbrela
The indefinite article-se folosete naintea substantivului atunci cnd ne referim
la ceva n general sau l menionm pentru prima dat.
Apple mr (aepl)
Raspberry zmeur (ra:zbri)
Pear par (pe)
Walnut nuc (wo:lnat)
Grape strugure (greip)
Nuts alune (nats)
(Sweet)cherry cirea (swi:t)teri Orange portocal (orindj)
Morello viin (mrelou)
Tangerine mandarin (taendjrin)
Peach piersic (pi:t)
Lemon lmie (lemn)
Apricot cais (eprikot)
Banana banan (bna:n)
Plum prun (plam)
Fig smochin (fig)
Quince gutuie (kwins)
Ananas ananas (na:ns)
Strawberry cpun (stro:bri)
Produse lactate
Milk lapte (milk)
Yog(h)urt iaurt (youg:t)
Butter unt (bat)
Cream smntn (kri:m)
Whipped cream fric (wipt kri:m)
Cheese cacaval, brnz topit (ti:z)
Swiss cheese vaier (swis ti:z)
A
Ex:

-naintea cuvintelor care ncep cu o consoan sau semiconsoan.


A mountain un munte
A dog un cine
A cat o pisic
A wall un perete
A university o universitate
A European Country o ar european

n-se fol. naintea cuvintelor care ncep cu o vocal i a cuvintelor care


ncep cu litera h dar care nu se pronun.
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Ex:

an engel un nger
An enemy un duman
An ideea o idee
An orange o portocal
An umbrella o umbrel
An hour o or
An honest man un om onest
An honorable man un om de onoare
Articolul zero substantivul se folosete cteodat fr articol atunci cnd se
vorbete n general.Aceste substantive sunt de obicei nenumrabile sau la plural.
Money is important
Turists are welcome here turitii sunt binevenii aici.
Urmtoarele substantive sunt folosite de obicei fr articol atunci cnd este vorba de :
_nume de ri sau orae
France
Paris
Romania
Bucharest
_nume de persoane: John,Jane,Mr.Smith,Mrs.Smith,Miss(Ms)Smith
_mncruri:
They are having breakfast-ei iau micul dejun
Breakfast mic dejun
Lunch masa de prnz, gustare de prnz, dejun (oficial)
Dinner cina,masa de sear, dineu
(supper)
Brunch(brunci)-masa de prnz luat mai devreme
_in anumite expresii:
by car-cu meina
by bus-cu autobuzul
by plane-cu avionul
by train-cu trenul
at home-acas
at school-la coal
to school-spre coal
to work-spre munc(slujb,serviciu)
to bed-la culcare
Familia the family

Parents prini
Father tat
Mother mam
Brother frate
Sister sor
Son fiu
Daughter fiic
Grandparents bunici

Aunt - mtu
Cousin verior(oar)
Parents-in-law - socri
Father-in-law - socru
Mother-in-law - soacr
Son-in-law - ginere
Daughter-in-law - nor
Brother-in-law - cumnat
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Grandfather bunic
Sister-in-law - cumnat
Grandmother bunic
In-laws - cuscri
Uncle unchi
Step-father tat vitreg
Half brother frate vitreg
Step mother mam vitreg
Half sister sor vitreg Niece nepoat
Nephew - nepot
Whens your birthday Cnd este ziua ta de natere?
Place of birth locul de natere
Birth - natere
Born nscut
Awful groaznic
Dirthy - murdar
Boring plictisitoare
Lier - mincinos
Buquee flowers buchet de flori
Its rudre to ask that! Este nepoliticos s ntrebi asta!
Because deoarece (bicoz)
This acesta(aceast)-fol. la sg. i arat apropierea
That acela, aceia .deprtarea
These aceste (diiz) apropierea
Those acelea (duz) deprtarea
What does Marius look like ? Cum arat Marius?
Hes long black hair. El are prul lung i negru.
Tall nalt
Big - mare
Short scund
Small mic (smol)
Bald chel()
Fat gras()
Thin slab()

Biard - barb
A moustache musta

Black negru()
Whit alb()

Spectacles ochelari de vedere


Glases ochelari

Shy timid() (ai)


Brave ndrzne, curajos
Strong puternic
Long lung
Hair pr
Read headed - rocat
Girl fat
Boy biat

Dark headed brunet()


Brunette (briunet)
Blond headed blond
Fair hair pr blond
Teenager tnr (tineiger)
Youth tineree (iuth)
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Whats your name?


Whats your surname?
Whats your first name?
How do you spell it?(pe litere)
Where are you from?
What nationality are you? (nanaliti)
Whats your nationality?
Marital status starea civil
Are you married or single?
Whats your telephone number?
My phone number is
Whats your job? Im a .
Whats your mothers job? Shes a .
They have their own business au propria afacere
His sister is a bookkeeper sora lui este contabil
He supplies the shop el aprovizioneaz magazinul
Their aunt and cousin sell in the shop mtua i vrul lor vnd n
magazin.
Works during the day lucreaz n timpul zilei
Whats your address?
Bloc
Scara enterance (entrns)
Apartament (fleat) - Flat
Apartament apartament
Etaj - floor
Then apoi
Later mai trziu
Until pn cnd
Befor dinainte
Pluralul substantivelor
1.Majoritatea substantivelor formeaz pluralul regulat prin adugarea literei s la
sfritul cuvntului.Aceast liter sare dou modaliti de a fi citit:
_Se citete s cnd este precedat de consoane surde sau nesonore
Ex: books
Cooks-buctari
Experts-experi
_Se citete z atunci cnd este precedat de o consoan sonor
Ex:chairs-scaune
Friends-prieteni
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Dogs-cini
Mushrooms-ciuperci comestibile(marumz)
2.Substantivele terminate n s,z,x,ch,sh formeaz pluralul prin adugarea grupului de
litere es care se citesc iz
Ex: buses-autobuze(basiz)
Foxes-vulpe(foxiz)
Benches-bnci(benciz)
3.Substantivele terminare n y l transform pe acesta n I dup care se adaug
terminaia -es
Ex: baby-babies-copilai
Beauty-beauties-frumusei
Country-countries-ri
Copy-copies(capiz)-copii
Mistery-misteries-mistere
Spy-spies(spaiz)-spioni
Gipsy-gipsies-igani
4.Substantivele terminate n y formeaz pluralul prin simpla adugare la sfritul lor a
literei s dac n faa lor se afl o vocal.
Ex: boys
Days
Donkeys
Ways
5.Substantivele care se termin n litera f sau ff formeaz pluralul prin adugarea lui s
.
cliffs-stnci
chiefs(cifs)-efi
roofs-acoperi
Unele substantive terminate n f sau fe transform aceast terminaie n ve i adaug
litera s la sfrit.
Leaf-leaves(livs)
Wife-wives
Loaf-loavesShelf-shelves(elvz)Knife-knives
Wolf-wolves-lup
Half-halves-jumtate
Substantivele terminate n o au dou modaliti de a forma pluralul:
a.Unele adaug terminaia es
hero-heroes-eroi
potato-potatoes(poteitoz)
tomato-tomatoes(tomeitoz)-roii
negro-negroes(neigroz)-negru(persoan)
b.Altele adaug doar litera s
radio-radios
piano-pianos
casino-casinos
studio-studios
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Unele substantive la plural au forme neregulate


Child(copil)-children
Foot(picior)-feet(fiit)
Goose(gsc)-geese(ghis)
Tooth(dinte)-teeth
Man-men
Woman-women
Person-people(pipl)
Mouse-mice(mais)

Louse(pduche)-lice(lais)
Die(dai)-dice(daiz)-zaruri
Ox(bou)-oxen
Fungus-fungi(funghi)-ciup.ca bact.
Postman(pota)-postmen
Fireman(pompier)-firemen
Gentleman-gentlemen
Plurale strine

Cuvinte greceti
Latin
Axis-axes(ax)
alga(alg)-algae
Basis-bases(baz)
erratum(greeal)-errata
Sphinx-sphinxes
Octupus-octupuses(octpus)
(caracati) octupuses (octpus)
Plurale asimilate n limba englez
Arena-arenas
Dilema-dilemas
Diploma-diplomas
Idea-ideas(aidias)
Drama-dramas
Umbrella-umbrellas
Minus(mains)-minuses
Genius-geniuses
Pluralul substantivelor compuse
Blackboards-tabl
Passer-by passers-by(pietoni)
Mother-in-law mothers-in-law
Son-in-law sons-in-law
Unele substantive au aceleai forme att la singular ct i la plural
Fish-fish(pete)
Sheep-oaie,oi
Deer-cerb,cprioar
Species(spiiz)-specie,fel,gen,tip
Swine-porc(njurturi)
Substantive care sunt n permenen la singular
Chaos(cheos).haos
Economics(icnamix)-economie ca tiin
Matemathics(matematix)-matematic
Phisix(fizix)-fizic
Politics(politix)-politic

15

Chiar dac au terminaia -s ntotdeauna sunt folosite cu verb la singular i


sunt nlocuite mereu de un pronume la singular.
Ex: Politics is vsry complicated.
I dont understand it !
Plurale permanente
Binoculars-binoclu
Cattle(ceatl)-vite,bovine
Outskirts(autscrts)-periferie(a unui ora)
Pants(pen)-pantaloni,ndragi
Scissors(sizrs)-foarfece
Shorts(orts)-pantaloni scuri,ort
Statistics(sttistics)-statistic
Trousers(treauzrs)-pantaloni
Aceste substantive nu au form de singular,se folosesc numai cu verb la plural i pot fi
nlocuite numai de pronume la plural.
Ex: Where are the shorts ?
I cant find them-nu pot s-I gsesc

Id I would se folosete:
a.
Cnd vorbim despre o persoam care dorete sau vrea ceva.
Ex: She would like a cup of tea Ea ar dori o can cu ceai.
b.
Cnd se lanseay o invitaie
Ex: Would you like to go with me? Ai vrea s mergi cu mine
I want a cup of tea. Vreau o ceac de ceai.

Would d n engleya vorbit, n propoyiiile afirmative i se pune dup pronume.


Ex: Id like an apple
Hed like
Atunci cnd punem ntrebri: would trece naintea subiectului.
Ex: Would they like to eat ? Ar dori (vrea) ei s mnnce?
Negativul se formeaz prin adugarea particulei not sau nt la sfrit ns aceast
form nu este uzual n limba englez.
Would not
wouldnt
To like a plcea
Acest verb este urmat de un substantiv sau o structur verbal.Sunt trei
variante n care se folosete acest verb.
a.
like + substantiv: I like chocolate
b.
like + gerunziu: We all like swimming Nou ne place s notm.
They like playing football.
c.
like + infinitiv cu particula to
He likes to have a large lunch.
Lui i place s mnnce un prnz copios.
[]

glad bucuros
cat pisic
gas benzin
fat gras

grass iarb
hang a atrna
van dub, dubi
mat pre, tergtor
16

[e]

[I]

bed pat
many muli, multe
pet animal favorit
head cap
deaf surd
vest vest
friend prieten()
zest nsufleire
pin ac cu gmlie
sin pcat
rich bogat()
lip buz
big mare
script scenariu
image imagine(imigi)
city ora
hauses case(hausis)
pig porc
bad ru bed pat
man brbat men brbai
pan tigaie pen stilou, pix
sad trist send ai spus
land ar, inutlend a mprumuta
bag geant de voiajbeg a implora

Substantive nenumrabile
Accomodation(acomodeien)-cazare
Advice(dvais)-sfat
Applause(plos)-aplauze
Behaviour(biheivior)-purtare,comportare,conduit
Bread(bred)-pine
Damage(deamici)-pagub,stricciuni
Evidence(evidns)-dovad,mrturie,prob,semn
Furniture-mobil,mobilier
Information(informeien)-informaii,indicaii
Jewellery(gilri)-bijuteri,giuvaieruri
Knowledge(nalegi)-cunoatere,cunotine,informaie
Luggage(laghegi)-bagaj(e)
Money(mani)-bani
News(niuz)-tire,veste,noutate
Permission(permien)-permisiune,ncuvinare,ngduire
Progress(proagres)-progres,dezvoltare,evoluie
Rubbish(reobi)-gunoi,moloz,rebuturi,prostii,fleacuri
Scenery(senri)-culise,dcor(uri)
Traffic(treafic)-trafic,circulaie
Weather(ueder)-vreme,timp,starea vremii
Nu au form de plural,verbul folosit este la singular.Se nlocuiesc cu un
substantiv tot la sg.
Se pot folosi cu urmtoarele adjective:
-some(sm)-ceva,nite,puin,vreun
-no-nici un,nici o
17

-much(mci)-mult,mult
-any(eni)-ceva,nite,orice,unii,unele,nici un,nici o
-a lot of-o mulime de
Aceste substantive nu se folosesc cu urmtoarele adjective:
-many(meni)-muli,multe,o mulime de
-every(evri)-fiecare,toi,toate
-several(sevrol)-mai muli,mai mult,civa,cteva
-various(veris)-diferit,divers,muli
Corpul omenesc The human body
Head cap (hed)
Neck gt,ceaf (nek)
Throat gt, gtlej (rout)
Back spate
Chest piept (test)
Breast sn
Belly pntece (beli)
Limbs membre (limz)
Arm bra (a:m)
Leg picior (leg)
Heart inim (ha:t)
Face fa (feis)
Eye ochi (ai)
Nose nas (nouz)
Mouth gur (mau)
Lips buze

Tongue limb (tang)


Tooth dinte (tu:)
Chin brbie (tin)
Cheek obraz (ti:k)
Ear ureche (i)
Hair pr (he)
Beard barb (bird)
Moustache musta (msta)
Palm palm (pa:m)
Finger deget (fingr)
Stomach stomac (stamk)
Brains creier (breinz)
Lungs plmni (langz)
Liver ficat (liv)
Kidneys rinichi (kidniz)
Toes degete de la picioaref

Prepoziia
Este partea de vorbire care unete diferite uniti sintactice n cadrul unei
propoziii realiznd relaii de timp,loc,etc.
Prepoziiile se clasific astfel:
Prepoziii simple
Above-deasupra
about-despre
Under-dedesubt
on-pe
Prepoziii compuse
Into-n
Without

Prepoziii complexe
Because of-deoarece,pentru c,din cauz
Instead of-n loc s
Locuiuni prepoziionale
In the middle of-n mijlocul
-Prepoziia of este cea cu care se formeaz genitivul prepoziional sau analitic.
18

-Prepoziia to este cea a dativului prepoziional.


n limba englez prepoziia st fie naintea substantivului sau altui cuvnt cu
care este n relaie,fie la sfritul unei prepoziii.
Ex: About what is he talking?-Despre ce vorbete el?
What is he talking about?
About whose friend are you talking?
Whose friend are you talking about?-Despre al cui prieten vorbeti tu?
n general prepoziiile apar la sfritul propoziiei n:
-ntrebrile care ncep cu cuvintele: who
what
which
-n unele exclamaii:
what trouble you hava got into?-n ce belea ai intrat?
-n propoziii sau fraze afirmative care ncep cu
who
what
which
Ex: What I am looking at is Johns house?
La ce m uit este casa lui John.
Meserii
Doctor doctor (dactr)
Secretary secretara (secretri)
Recrut recrut (ricrut)
Assistant manager secretar
Soldier soldat (solger)
Teacher profesor
Sergent sergent (sargent)
Engineer inginer (inginir)
Instructor (instractr)
Accountant economist (ecauntant)
Drill instructor -pregtirea recruilor Lawyer avocat
Military officer (militri fiser)
Actor actor (eactr)
Lieutenant locotenent (lutenent)
Carpenter tmplar
Captain cpitan (ceapten)
Tailor croitor
Major maior (meigeor)
Priest preot
Colonel (calnel)
Nurse asistent (niurs)
General (generl)
Architect arhitect
Pharmacist farmacist (farmsist)
Designer dizainer
Cleaner femeie de serviciu(clinr)
A shop assistant vnztoare
Painter pictor, zugrav
Builder constructor(bildr)
Singer cntre()
Thatcher cel care repar acoperiul
Pupil elev de general
Tour guide ghid turistic
Car mechanic
Auto mechanic
Manager director (meanger)
Architecture arhitectur

About(baut)-despre
Above(bov)-deasupra
Across(cros)-de-a curmeziul
After-dup

Inside-nuntru
Into(intu)-n,spre
Near(nir)-lng
Of-de
19

Against-mpotriv,contra
Along-de-a lungul
Alongside-unul lng altul,alturi
Among-ntre
Apart(part)-de-o parte,aparte
Around-mprejur
At-la
By fore-nainte
Behind(bihaind)-n spate
Below(bilou)-sub,dedesubt
Beneath(binith)-sub,mai jos de
Besides(bisain)-n afar de
Between(bituin)-ntre
Beyond(biond)-dincolo de
By(bai)-de,de ctre,prin
For-pentru
From-din,de la
In-n

Off-departe de(arat deprtarea)


On-pe
Opposite(opsait)-vis a vis
Over-peste
Outside-n afar
Past(peast)-pe lng,dincolo de
Round-n jurul
Since(sins)-de,de la
Through(thru-prin
Throughout-prin,peste,dup
Till-pn,pn la
To-la,ctre
Under-sub
Underneath(anderniit)-dedesubt
Up-n susul,ctre
Until(ntil)-pn la,pn n
Whithin-n,nuntrul
Without-fr

EXPRESII CU PREPOZIII
About (baut)-despre
About the town-prin ora
About six oclock-n jurul orei ase
A journey about the world-o cltorie prin lume
About my head-deasupra capului meu
About all-mai presus de orice,n primul rnd
Across (cros)-de-a curmeziul sau de-a latul
To walk across the street-a traversa strada
Across the road-peste drum
After-dup
After dark-dup lsarea ntunericului
After breakfast-dup micul dejun
After five oclock-dup ora cinci
Day after day-zi de zi,zi dup zi
Time after time-deseori,foarte adesea
After theat-dup aceea
The day after tomorrow-poimine
Against-mpotriv,contra
Against the laws-mpotriva legilor
A race against time-o curs contra cronometru
To lean against a wall-a se sprijini de un perete
Along-de-a lungul
Along a valley-de.a lungul unei vi
Along the sea shore-de-a lungul rmului
Among-ntre
Among us-ntre noi(cnd este vorba de 3 sau mai multe persoane)
20

Among his friends-printre(ntre) prietenii lui


Among the most important reasons-printre cele m.imp.cauze(motive)
Around-mprejur
A trip around the contry-o cltorie prin ar
To sit around the table-a edea n jurul mesei
I will come around ten-o s vin pe la zece (n jur de ora zece)
At la
At noon-la prnz
At day break-la revrsatul zorilor
At sunset-la apusul soarelui,la asfinit
At rondom-la intmplare
At work-la lucru
At the door-la u
At the beginning-la nceput
At the end-la sfrit
At the same time-n acelai timp
At the age of-la vrsta de
At first-la nceput
At last-la sfrit,n cele din urm
At full speed-la vitez maxim,cu toat viteza
At first sight-la prima vedere
At what time?-la ce or?
At once-imediat
At least-cel puin
At my disposal-la dispoziia mea
Byfore-nainte
Byfore my eyes-naintea ochilor mei
Byfore one aclock-nainte de ora unu
To sail byfore the wind-a naviga cu vntul n spate
Behind(bihaind)-n spate
Behind the clouds-n spatele norilor
To hide behind the door-a se ascunde n spatele uii
Below(bilou)-sub
To strike below the belt-a lovi sub centur
Below sea level-sub nivelul mrii
Below the ground-sub pmnt
Below the average-sub nivelul mediu
Beneath(binith)-sub,mai jos de
Beneath ones dignity-sub demnitatea cuiva
Besides(bisain)-n afar de
He has two cars besides this-el are dou maini n
afar de aceasta
Between(bituin)-ntre
Between the two world wars-ntre cele dou rzboaie mondiale
21

An understanding between us-o nelegere ntre noi


Se folosete cnd este vorba de dou elemente sau dou persoane
Beyond(biond)-dincolo de
Beyond doubt(deaut)-fr ndoial
Beyond the sea-dincolo de mare
Beyond limits-peste limit
By(bai)-de,de ctre,prin
To open by force-a deschide cu fora
To travel by train-a cltori cu trenul
To go by car-a merge cu maina
Day by day-zi de zi
Step by step-pas cu pas
Drop by drop-strop cu strop
Piece by piece-bucat cu bucat
One by one-unul cte unul
Two by two-doi cte doi
To learn by heart-a nva pe de rost
To go by the post-office-a trece pe lng pot
By force of circunstances-prin fora mprejurrilor
To sleep side by side-a dormi unul lng altul
For-pentru
Good for food-comestibil
To leave for school-a pleca la coal
To look for help-a cuta ajutor
To cry for help-a striga dup ajutor
For a time-un timp,pentru un timp
To go for a walk-a merge la plimbare
To read for pleasure-a citi de plcere
What is this good for?-la ce este bun sta?
For all the world-pentru nimic n lume
To have a taste for art-a avea gust artistic
For this reason-pentru(din) acest motiv
For the sake of peace-n numele pcii
Enough(inagh) for the present-suficient deocamdat
Im sorry for you-mi pare ru de tine(pentru tine)
From-din,de la
From first to last-de la primul la ultimul
From heaven to earth-de la cer la pmnt
From bad(bead) to worse-din ce n ce mai ru
From place to place-din cnd n cnd
From morning to night-de dimineaa pn seara
Light from the sun-lumin de la soare
A man free from care-un om liber de griji
A man from the country-un om de la ar
22

To by for from home-a fi departe de cas


From theat point of view-din punctul acela de vedere
From my point of view-din punctul meu de vedere
To be released (rilizd) from prisom-a fi eliberat din nchisoare
Seen from above-vzut de sus
Seen from below(bilou)-vzut de dedesubt
On my way from Piteti to Bucharest-n drumul meu de la P.la B.
To tell one thing from another(nader)-a deosebi un lucru de cellalt
In-n
In the morning-dimineaa
In the shade(eid)-la umbr
In the end-la final
In the garden-n grdin
In heaven-n cer
In spring-primvara
In summer-vara
In fall-toamna
In winter-iarna
To be in danger(deinger)-a fi n pericol
To lie(lai) in bed-a sta ntins n pat
To live in the country-a sta la ar
In our centuri(aur senturi)In all seasons-n toate anotimpurile
In my youth-n tinereea mea
In his memory-n memoria lui
Early in the morning-dimineaa devreme
In the past-n trecut
In the future(fiucir)-n viitor
In come just in time-a veni la timp
To keep(kip)in mind(maind)-a ine minte
Done in haste-fcut n grab
To put in mind-a-i pune n gnd
To put in order-a pune n ordine
In general-n general
To work in vain-a munci n zadar
To be in pain-a fi ndurerat
To speak in public-a vorbi n public
To take in hand-a lua n mn

Into(intu)-n,spre
To lead into error-a duce n eroare
To get into difficulties(dificultiz)-a da de greuti
To fall into the river(lake)-a cdea n ru(lac)
23

To burst into tears-a izbucni n lacrimi


To get into trouble-a da de bucluc,belea,necaz
To pour walter into a glass-a turna ap n pahar
Inside-nuntru
Inside the room-nuntrul camerei
His is inside-el e nuntru
Near-lng
Near the sea shore-lng rm
Near at hand-la ndemn,aproape
Near you-lng tine
Of-de
Of crown of gold-o coroan de aur
A flock of sheep-o turm de oi
Hard of hearing(hiring)-surd,tare de urechi
A book of proverbs-o carte de proverbe
The force of the wind-fora vntului
A place of honour-n loc de onoare
A man of mark-un om nsemnat(important)
A man of no importance-un om oarecare(fr importan)
To wear adress of silk-a purta o rochie de mtase
Love of a mother-iubire de mam
Master of the house-stpnul casei
A piece of paper-o bucat de hrtie
A friend of mine-un prieten de-al meu
The events of late-evenimentele din ultimul timp
In days of old-n zilele de mult apuse
Of course-bineneles,cu siguran,sigur c da
Off-departe de
Keep off the grass-nu clcai pe iarb
To be off duty-a fi liber,a nu fi la serviciu
To fall off the horse-a cdea de pe cal
On-pe
To be on duty-a fi de serviciu
To sit on the grass-a sta pe iarb
Some goods(gudz)on sale-nite mrfuri de vnzare
Haus on fire-o cas n flcri
To go on foot-a merge pe jos
On a beautiful day-ntr-o zi frumoas
On such a day-ntr-o astfel de zi
On this occasion(ocheijen)-cu aceast ocazie
On certain conditions-cu anumite condiii
To stand on tip toe-a sta n vrful picioarelor
To be on land-a fi pe uscat
On the whole-n ansamblu,n general,n mare
24

On an average-n medie
To be an holiday-a fi n vacan
To sit on a chair-a sta pe un scaun
To pay(pei) on demand(dimand)-a plti la cerere
To pay on the spot-a plti pe loc
On the celing-pe tavan
On a desert island(ailnd)-pe o insul pustie
On the point of-a fi pe punctul de a
Over-peste
Over the rocks-peste stnci
To be head over heels in love-a fi ndrgostit lulea
To stay somewhere(samuer) over night-a sta undeva peste noapte
To be famous all over the world-a fi celebru(cunoscut )n toat ara
To cook over the fire-a gti la foc
To tremble all over-a tremura din toate mdularele,a tremura tot
Past(peast)
Past his comprehension(comprihenn)-peste puterea lui de a
nelege,inacceptabil pentru el
To be past work-a nu mai putea munci,a nu mai putea s munceasc
To be past danger(deinger)-a fi n afara pericolului
Have past one-unu i jumtate
It is past five oclock-este trecut de ora cinci
Round(reaund)-n jurul
A round table(teibl)-o mas rotund
A round peg in a square(scuer) hole-potrivit ca nuca n perete
Round the world-n jurul lumii
Since(sins)-de,de la
Since four oclock-de la ora patru
I havent seen him since-nu l-am mai vzut de atunci
Through(thru)-prin
To go through thick and thin-a trece prin foc i ap
Through the wood-prin pdure
To at through fear-a aciona de fric
All through the night-toat noaptea,tot timpul nopii
To go through life-a trece prin via
Through whom?-prin cine
Throughout this country-de-a lungul i de-a latul acestei ri
Throughout our holidays-pe tot parcursul vacanei noastre,tot timpul
vacanei noastre
Till-pn,pn la
To be up lill late-a se culca trziu,a nu se culca devreme
Till death do us part-pn ce moartea ne va despri
25

To-la,ctre
To go to bed-a merge la culcare
To take to wife-a lua de soie(nevast)
From end to end-de la cap la cap
From hand to mouth-de la mn pn la gur
To come to an end-a lua sfrit
To finish-a termina,a se termina
To be wet to the skin-a fi ud pn la piele
To count up to ten-a numra pn la zece
From time to time-din cnd n cnd,din timp n timp
To dance to the musics-a dansa dup muzic
I dont want to!-nu vreau
Under(andr)-sub
Under lock and key-sub cheie,sub paz
Under the tree-sub copac
To swim under water-a nota sub ap
To be under arms-a fi sub arme
To be under a vow(veau)-a fi sub un jurmnt,a fi legat prin jurmnt
To be under sentence of death-a fi condamnat la moarte
Under what conditions?-n ce condiii
Under these conditions-n aceste condiii
In under ten minutes-n mai puin de 10 minute
To be under age-a fi minor
To be under full age-a fi minor
To be under treatement(tritment)-a fi sub ngrijire medical a fi n
tratament
Under my feet-sub tlpile(picioarele) mele
The ball rolled underneath a table-mingea s-a rostogolit sub o mas
Up(p)-n susul,ctre
The ups and downs of life-urcuurile i coborurile vieii,geutile
vieii
To run up the hill-a alerga pe deal n sus
To walk up a hill-a urca un deal
Wake up!-trezete-te,scoal-te
Until(ntil)-pn la,pn n
Until the end of life-pn la sfritul vieii
Upon(pon)To refuse upon the principle-a refuza din principiu
Upon the top of the hill-n vrful dealului
Upon our word-pe cuvntul nostru
Within(uidin)-n,nuntrul,nu mai trziu de
26

To keep within doors-a ine n cas


Within the law-n limita legii
Within a week-n mai puin de o sptmn
Within our room-n interiorul camerei noastre
Without(uidaut)-fr
To be without help-a fi fr de ajutor
To come without delay-a veni fr ntrziere
To escape without damage-a scpa nevtmat
To come without fail-a veni sigur(negreit)
To come without doubt-a veni fr ndoial
It goes withaut sayng(seing)-se nelege de la sine
I will leave withaut him-o s plec fr el
mbrcminte Clothing
Shoes pantofi (uz)
Boots ghete (buts)
Sandals sandale (seandly)
Socks osete (soks)
Tissues osete(tiuz)
Trousers pantaloni (trauzrs)
Pants,drawers chiloi b.(drooz)
Slips slip (slips)
Shorts ort (oots)
Belt curea,cordon (belt)
Shirt cma (t)
Undershirt, vest maiou
Waistcoat vest (weistkout)
Jacket hain (djeakit)sacou
(neck)tie cravat ((nek)tai)
Bow-tie papion (boutai)
Long coat pardesiu
Tights streci (taigs)
Pyjamas pijama (pigiams)

Cap apc (kaep)


Scarf fular (ska:f)
Gloves- mnui (glavz)
Handkerchief batist (heangktif)
Sport coat canadian (spootkout)
Pullover pulover (pulouv)
Skirt fust (skt)
Dress rochie (dres)
Tailor suit taior (teilsyut)
Blouse bluz (blauz)
Dressing gown capot,halat (dresinggaun)
Night gown cma de noapte
Bra(ssiere) sutien (bra:,breasie)
Panties chiloi scuri de d. (peantiz)
Under weare chiloi
T-shirtes tricouri
Sweater pulovr
Coat geac
Suit costum

VERBUL
Este partea de vorbire care exprim o aciune,o activitate sau un proces i are
urmtoarele categori gramaticale:
-timp
-persoan
-aspect
-diatez
-numr
-mod
27

Timpul vb.-este categoria gramatical prin care se precizeaz momentul desfurrii


aciunii.
Exist 3 tipuri de baz -prezent
-trecut
-viitor
Aspectul exprim gradul de ndeplinire al aciunii.n limba englez exist dou
aspecte:
1-Aspectul comun-prin care se exprim o aciune general,o aciune terminat sau o
aciune de scurt durat.
Ex: I play tennis-eu joc tenis
2-Aspectul continuu-prin care se exprim o aciune n desfurare,o aciune
neterminat.
Ex: I am playing tennis-eu joc tenis acum
Diateza-este categoria gramatical a vb. Prin care se realizeaz raportul dintre subiect
i vb.Exist 3 diateze:
-Diateza activ
-Diateza pasiv
-Diateza reflexiv-aciunea se resfrnge asupra sub.
Modul-este categoria gramatical a verbului prin care se vede felul aciunii dac
aciunea este real sigur,ireal,probabil,posibil sau imposibil.
Clasificarea verbelor
-Auxiliare
-Modale
-Principale
1.Auxiliarele-ajut celelalte verbe s-i formeze aspectul continuu,diateza
pasiv,timpurile compuse i unele moduri
Infinitiv
Trecut
Participiu
Gerunziu
Traducere
trecut
-ing
To be
Was
Been
Being
A fi
were
(bin)
(biing)
To have
Had
Had
Having
A avea
(head)
(heaving)
To do
did
done
doing
A face
Shal
Should
Trebuie s
Will
Would
A vrea
To let
Let
Let
Letting
A lsa
2.Modale
Infinitiv

Trecut

Can
Could
To be able to
May
Might
To be
(mait)
allowed to

Participiu
trecut
-

Gerunziu

Traducere

A ti,a putea
A fi n stare
A avea voie
s
A-i fi permis
s

28

Must(mst)
To have to
To be
obliged to
Shall

must

should

will
Dare
need
Ought to

would
need
Used to
Ought to

Trebuie
A rebui s
A fi obligat
s
A trebui s
A se cuveni
s
A dori,a vrea
A ndrzni
A fi nevoie
Obinuia s
Ar trebui s

VERBE CU PREPOZIII

To accuse(chiuz) of-a acuza de


To agree(grii) with-a fi de acord cu
To agree on-a fi de acord asupra
To apologize(pologiaiz) for-a.i cere iertare pentru
To approve(pruv) of something(somting)-a aproba ceva
To arrive(raiv) at-a ajunge la
To ask(easc) for something-a cere ceva
To be accustomed(castmd) to something-a fi familiar cu ceva
To be acquainted(cointed) with-a cunoate,a fi obinuit cu
To be afreid(freid) of something-a se teme de ceva
To be afreid of somebody(smbadi)-a se teme de cineva
To be angry with somebody-a fi suprat pe cineva
To be anxious(anciz) about something-a fi ngrijorat de ceva
To be astonished(stonid) at-a fi uimut(uluit) de
To be aware(uer) of a-i da seama de,a fi contient de
To be characteristic(cracteristic) of-a fi caracteristic pentru
To be close(clous) to-a fi aproape de,a fi alturi de
To be confident(cnfident) of-a fi ncreztor n
To be crauy(creizi) about-a fi nebun dup
To be cruel(crul) to-a fi crud cu,a fi ru fa de,a fi crud fa de
To be dependent(dipendent) on / upon(pon)-a fi dependent de
To be deprived(dipraiv) of-a fi lipsit de,a fi deposedat de
To be different(difrent)from-a fi diferit de
To be fond of-a fi legat de
To be good at-a fi bun la,a se pricepe la
To be good(kind)to-a fi amabil cu
To be grateful(greifol)to-a fi recunosctor fa de
29

To be indignant(indignd) at(eat)-a fi indignat de


To be of opiniaon that-a fi de prere c
To be bent on /upon(pon)-a fi hotrt s
To be on the move-a fi n micare
To be impressed(impresd) by-a fi impresionat de
To be independent(independn) of-a fi independent de
To be indifferent(indifrnd) to-a fi indiferent fa de
To be intent on-a fi absolvit de
To be interested in-a fi interesat de
Tu be jealous(gels)of-a fi gelos pe
To be patient(pein) with-a fi rbdtor cu
To be polite(polait) to-a fi politicos(civilizat)cu
To be preocuppied(prioqupaid)by-a fi preocupat de
To be proud(preaud) of-a fi mndru() de
To be satisfied(satisfaid) with-a fi mulumit cu(de)
To be sated(seitd)with-a fi stul(dezgustat)de
To be seized(saizd)with-a fi prins de
To be similar(similr) to-a fi asmntor cu
To be sorry for-a-I prea ru pentru,a-i cere scuze
To be superior(supirir) to-a fi superior
To be surprised(srpaizd) at-a fi surprins de
To be typical(tipicl) of-a fi caracteristic pentru
To beg for-a ceri,a implora
To begin by-a ncepe prin
To belong(bilong) to-a aparine
To beware(biuer) of-a se feri de,a se pzi
To boast of-a se luda cu,a se fli cu
To borrow(barou) from-a mprumuta de la
To call(coll) for-a cere,a necesita
To call on somebody(smbadi)-a vizita pe cineva
To call at a place(pleis)-a trece printr-un loc
To care(cher) for-a ine la,a-I plcea
To compare(cmper) with(to)-a compara cu
To complain(cmplein) of-a se plnge(vita)de
To conceal(cnsil)from-a se ascunde de
To congratulate(congratuleit)on-a felicita pentru
To contribute(cantribut)to-a contribui la
To count /rely(rilai)on upon-a se bizui /baza pe
To cure(qiuor)of-a vindeca de
To deal with-a se ocupa de (cu)
To defend(difend) from-a apra de
To depend(dipend) on(upond)-a depinde de
To die(dai) of-a muri de
To differ(difr) from-a diferi de
To do withaut-a face fr,a se lipsi de
To doubt(deaut) of a se ndoi de
30

To embark(imbarc) on a participa la,a o porni ntr-o direcie


To escape(ischeip) from-a scpa de
To feed(fiid)on-a hrni cu
To fill with-a umple cu
To forgive(frghiv)for-a ierta pentru
To glance(gleans)at-a arunca o privire la
To go to-a merge la,a se duce la
To go in for-a se prezenta la
To hope for-a spera la
To indulge(indlgi)in-a se deda la,a se complace n,a ndemna s
To insist on-a insista asupra
To interfere(interfier) in a interveni(amesteca) n
To intrude(intriud)on-a deranja,atulbura
To knock at-a bate la
To laugh at-a rde de
To laugh(leauf)with joy-a rde de bucurie
To leave(liiv)for-a pleca la
To lend to somebody-a da mprumut cuiva
To live on-a tri din,a tri cu
To long for-a tnji dup
To look(luk)at-a privi la
To look after-a avea grij de,a ngriji de
To look for-a cuta
To look into(intu)-a examina
To look like-a semna cu
To look on(upon)-a considera
To look to-a se ngriji de
To meet(mit) with-a ntmpina
To mistake(misteic) for-a confunda cu,a lua drept
To move fromto-a se muta din.la.
To object(bject) to-a obiecta asupra(mpotriva)
To part with-a se despri de
To participate(prtisipeit)in-a participa la
To pass(peas) for-a trece drept
To peep(pip) at-a privi pe furi la
To pine(pain) for-a tnji dup
To play(plei) at-a se juca de-a
To prevent(privent) from-a mpiedica s,a opri s
To profit by something-a profita de ceva
To protect from-a proteja de,a apra de
To provide(provaid)with-a nzestra cu
To pull at-a trage la
To put in(into)practice(practis)-a pune n practic
To recover(ricaver) from a-i reveni dup,a se face bine dup
To refer(refr) to-a se referi la
To refrain(rifrein) from-a se abine de la
31

To remind(rimaind) somebody(sambadi) of something-a aminti cuiva de


ceva
To resort(riyood) to somebody(sambadi)-a se adresa cuiva,a apela la
cineva
To retire(ritair) from-a se retrage din
To reproach(reprouci) somebody of something-a reproa cuiva ceva
To rush(roh) at something-a se repezi la ceva
To see to-a se ngriji de,a se ocupa de
To send for-a trimite dup
To separate(sepreit) from-a separa de
To smell of-a mirosi a
To stand(stend) for a reprezenta,a lua aprarea
To stare(ster) at-a se uita fix la,a privi fix la
To start for-a porni ctre(spre)
To substract from-a scdea din
To succeed in(scsid) in-a reui s
To supply(splai) with-a aproviziona cu
To take(teic) into account(cheaun)-a lua n seam
To take into consideration(considereien)-a lua n consideraie
To taste(teist) of-a avea gust de
To tell from-a deosebi de
To think about(of)-a se gndi la
To transform(change) into-a transforma(schimba)n
To threaten(thretn) with-a amenina cu
To translate frominto-a traduce din n
To wait(ueit) for somebody-a atepta pe cineva
To worry about a-i face griji n privina
Casa i apartamentul The house and the flat
Block of flats bloc de locuine
Apartment apartament(pa:tmnt)
Lift lift (lift)
Stairs scri (stez)
Passage culoar (paesidj)
Living-room camer de zi
Bedroom dormitor
Sleeping-room dormitor
Drawing-room salon(dro:ing rum)
Dining-room sufragerie
Library bibliotec(laibrri)

Bathroom camer de baie


Kitchen buctrie (kitin)
Pantry cmar(paentri)
Balcony balcon (baelkni)
Terrace terasa (ters)
Door u (do
Window fereastr (windou)
Floor podea (flo
Wall perete (wo:l)
Ceiling tavan
Coffee table msu de cafea

Where would he like to live ? Unde i-ar plcea s locuieti?


What would he like in this flat? Ce i-ar plcea s ai n apartament?
Rooms around the world Camere n jurul lumii.
Student hostel cmin studenesc .
32

Walk mers pe jos


Near lng
newspapers ziare
Between ntre
magazins revist (meagzins)
Next n continuarea
boat barc
Ground floor parter
long lungime
Floors etaj
width lime
Napkin batist
water-tank rezervorul de ap
Leisure confort, timp liber
ward robe dulap de haine
Shampoo ampon (ampu)
Soap spun
Engine room camera motorului
Own homes case private
Council houses cas social
Private rented houses case nchiriate
Down town jos n ora(centru)
Turn a ntoarce, a coti
Market pia
TO DO-a face
Funciile verbului:
1.Verb auxiliar-ajut la formarea altui verb.
Ex: -Do you understand?-nelegi(ei)?
-He does not understand.-el nu nelege
Obs. -Cnd este verb auxiliar nu se traduce,doar ajut
-Se folosete numai cnd este vorba de o ntebare.
2.Verb de ntrire
Ex: -I do understand-eu chiar nu neleg
-I do like math-mi place matematica foarte mult
3.Verb principal
Ex: -I do the homework(houmorc)-eu fac tema
-She does all the shopping-ea face toate cumprturile
Conjugarea la afirmativ
I do
You do (du)
He,she,it does (dz)

We do
You do
They do
Negativ

I do not do-eu nu fac


I dont do
You do not do
You dont do
He,she it does not do
He,she it doesnt do

We do not do
We dont do
You do not do
You dont do
They do not do
They dont do
33

Interogativ-afirmativ
Do I do? fac eu,eu fac?
Do you do? faci tu?,tu faci?
Does he,she ,it do? face el,ea?

Do we do? facem noi?


Do you do? facei voi?
Do they do? fac ei,ele?
Interogativ-negativ

Do I not do? nu fac eu?


Dont I do?
Do you not do? nu faci tu?
Dont you do?
Does he,she,it not do?
Doesnt he,she,it do?

Do we not do? nu facem noi?


Dont we do?
Do you not do? nu facei voi?
Dont you do?
Do they not do? nu fac ei,ele?
Dont they do?

To have i have got a avea


Funciile verbului to have
1.Verb auxiliar pentru formarea timpurilor prezent perfect i trecut perfect.
Ex: I have come for two hours am venit de dou ore.
I had come for two hours venisem de dou ore
2.Verb modal
to have to = must (mst) = trebuie
I have to sing eu trebuie s cnt (must)
- eu am de cntat
3.Verb principal
to have = to posses (pses) =a avea, a poseda
we have a haus noi avem o cas
posses a haus noi posedm o cas
Forma to have este folosit n engleza american i engleza britanic oficial pentru
a exprima posesia.
Ex: I have two sisters
Aceast form este folosit att n engleza american ct i n cea britanic
pentru a exprima unele activiti.
Ex: They have breakfast early ei iau micul dejun devreme.
Forma have got se folosete n engleza britanic neoficial i de obicei exprim
posesia.
Aceast form se folosete numai la timpul prezent.Pentru celelalte tipuri i
pentru infinitiv se folosete forma to have.
Ex: I have got a car

34

Afirmativ
I have = Ive
I have got = Ive got
You have = youve
You have got = youve got
He,she,it has(heaz) = hes
He,she,it has got = hes got

We have = weve
We have got = were got
You have = youve
You have got = youve got
They have = theyve
They have got = theyve got

Negativ
Acest verb formeaz negativul cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar to do.

I have not =I havent


I have not got = I havent got
I do not have =I dont have
You have not =you havent
You have not got = you havent got
You do not have = you dont have
He,she,it has not = he hasent
He has not got = he hasnt got
He does not have = he doesnt have

We have not =we havent


We have not got =we havent got
We do not have = we dont have
You have not = you havent
You have not got = you havent got
You do not have = you dont have
They have not = they havent
They have not got=they havent got
They do not have=they dont have
Inerogativ
i interogativul se poate forma cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do.
Interogativ afirmativ

Have I?=have I got?=do I have?

Have we?=have we got?


Do we have?
Have you?=have you got?
Have you?=have you got?
Do you have?
Do you have?
Has he,she,it?=has he got?
Have they?=have they got?
Does he,she,it have?
Do they have?
Interogativ negativ
Have I not?=have I not got?
Have we not?=have we not got?
Havent I got?=eu nu am?
Havent we got?=do we not have?
Do I not have?=dont I have
Dont have?=noi nu avem?
Have you not?=have you not got?
Have you not?=have you not got?
Havent you got?=nu ai tu?
Havent you got?=nu ai tu?
Do you not have?=dont you have? Do you not have?=dont you have?
Has he(she,it)not?=hasnt he?
Have they not?=have they not got?
Has he not got?=hasnt he got?
Havent they got?=n-au ei,ele?
Doesnt he have?=does he not
Do they not have?=dont they have
35

have?

Verbe principale
Regulate care la vb.2 i vb.3 primesc terminaia -ed
Ex:
Infinitiv
Trecut
Participiu
Gerunziu
trecut
To ask
Asked
Asked
Asking
To answer
Answered
Answered
Answering
(anserd)
(ansering)
To like
Liked
Liked
Liking
To play
Played
Played
Playing
To use
Used (iuzd) used
Using-iuzing
A.

Traducere
A ntreba
A rspunde
A plcea
A juca
A folosi

B. Neregulate
Infinitiv

Trecut

Part.trecut

To arise
(rais)
To be
To beat (bit)
Infinitiv
To become
(bicom)
To begin
To bend
To bet
To bite
To blow
To break

Arose
(rous)
Was / where
Beat
Trecut
Became
(bicheim)
Began
Bent
Bet
Bit
Blew (blu)
Broke
(brouc)
Brought
Built
Burst
Bought
(bot)
Caught
(cot)
Chose
(ciouz)

Arisen
(rizn)
Been
Beat
Part. Trecut
Become

To bring
To build
To burst
To buy
(bai)
To catch
(cat)
To choose
(ciuz)

Gerunziu

Traducere

Arising
(raizing)
Being(biing)
Beating
Gerunziu
Becoming
(bicoming)
Begun
Beginning
Bent
Bending
Bet
Beting
Bitten
Biting
Blown(blou) Blowing
Broken
Broking
(brocn)
(breiking)
Brought
Bringing
Built
Building
Burst
Bursting
Bought
Buying

A aprea

Caught

Catching

A prinde

Chosen
(ciouzn)

Choosing
(ciuzing)

A alege

36

A fi
A bate
Traducere
A deveni
A ncepe
A ndoi
A paria
A muca
A sufla
A sparge
A aduce
A construi
A isbucni
A cumpra

To come
To cost
To cut
To dig
To do
To draw
(dro)
To drink

Came
Cost
Cut
Dug (dg)
Did
Drew
(dru)
Drank
(drenk)
To drive
Drove
(drov)
To eat
Ate (eit)
To fall
Fell
(fol)
(fel)
To feed (fid) Fed (fed)
To feel (fil) Felt
To fight
Fought
(fot)
To find
Found
(feaud)
To fly
Flew
(flai)
(flu)
To forbid
Forbade
(forbeid)
To forget
Forgot
(forghet)
(forgat)
To forgive
Forgave
(forghiv(
(forgheiv)
To freeze
Froze
(friiz)
(frouz)
To get
Got
(ghet)
(got)
To give
Gave
(ghiv)
(gheiv)
To grow
Grew
(gru)
To hang
Hung
(heng)
(hang)
To have
Had
To hear
Heard
(hir)
(herd)
To hide
Hid
(haid)
To hit
Hit
To hold
Held

Come
Cost
Cut
Dug
Done
Drawn
(drou)
Drunk
(dronk)
Driven
(drivn)
Eaten (itn)
Fallen

Coming
Costing
Cutting
Diging
Doing
Drawing

A veni
A costa
A tia
A spa
A face
A desena
A bea

Fed
Felt
Fought

Drinking
(dinking)
Driving
(draiving)
Eating(iting)
Falling
(foling)
Feeding
Feeling
Fighting

Found

Finding

A hrni
A simi
A lupta,
A se lupta
A gsi

Flown
(flou)
Forbidden
(forbidn)
Forgatten
(forgatn)
Forgiven
(forghivn)
Frozen
(frouzn)
Got

Flying

A zbura

Forbidding

A interzice

Forgetting

A uita

Forgiving

A ierta

Freezing

A nghea

Getting

Given
(ghivn)
Grown
(graun)
Hung

Giving

A primi,
obine,ajung
A da

Dad
Heard
Hidden

Having
Hearing
(hiring)
Hiding

Hit
Held

Hiting
Holding

Growing
(gruing)
Hanging

37

A conduce
(maina)
A mnca
A cdea

A crete
A atrna,
A aga
A avea
A auzi)
A ascunde
A lovi
A ine(n
mn)

To hurt

Hurt

Hurt

Hurting

To keep(chip
To know
(nou)
To lay
(lei)
To lead
(lid)
To learn
To leave
(liv)
To lend

Kept
Knew
(niu)
Laid

Kept
Known
(noun)
Laid

Keeping
Knowing

Led

Led

Leading

A rni, a se
rni, a durea
A ine
A ti, a
cunoate
A pune, a
aeza
A conduce

Learnt
Left

Learnt
Left

Learning
Leaving

A nva
A pleca

Lent

Lent

Lending

To let

Let

Let

Letting

To lie
(lai)

Lay
(lei)

Lay

Lying

To light

Lit

Lit

To lose
(luz)
To make
(meic)
To mean
(min)
To meet
(mit)
To pay
(pei)
To put
To read
(rid)
To ride
(raid)

Lost
(lost)
Made
(meid)
Meant

Lost

Lighting
(laiting)
Losing

A da cu
mprumut
A lsa, a
permite
A mini,a sta
ntins,a fi
situat
A aprinde

Made

Making

A face

Meant

Meaning

A nsemna

Met

Met

Meeting

A ntlni

Paid

Paid

Paying

A plti

Put
Read

Put
Read

Putting
Reading

A pune
A citi

Rode
(rod)

Ridden
(ridn)

Riding

To rise
(rais)
To ring

Risen
(rizn)
Rung
(rong)
Run

Rising

To run

Rose
(rouz)
Rang
(reng)
Ran

A clri,a
merge cu un
vehicol
A
rsri(soare)
A suna

To say
(sei)
To see

Said
(sed)
Saw

Said

Saying

Seen

Seeing

Laying

Ringing
Running

38

A pierde

A fugi, a
curge
A spune, a
zice
A vedea

(si)
To seel
To send
To set
To sew
(so)
To shake
(eic)
To shine
(ain)
To shoot
(ut)
To show
(ou)
To shrink
(rinc)
To shut
(ot)
To sing
To sink
To sit
To sleep
(slip)
To speak
(spic)
To spend
To split
To spread
(spred)
To stand
(stend)
To steal
(stil)
To stick
(stic)
To sting
To strike
(straic)
To swear

(so)
Sold
(sold)
Sent
Set

(sin)
Sold

Selling

A vinde

sent
Set

Sending
Setting

Sewed
(soud)
Shook
(uc)
Shone
(oun)
Shot
(ot)
Showed
(oud)
Shrank
(renc)
Shut

Sewed

Sewing

A trimite
A pune,a
aeza
A coase

Shaken
(eicn)
Shone

Shaking

Shot

Shooting

Shown
(oun)
Shrunk
(ronc)
Shut

Showing

Shuting

A intra la
ap
A nchide

Sang
(seng)
Sank
(senc)
Sat
(seat)
Slept

Sung
(song)
Sunk
(snc)
Sat

Singing

A cnta

Sinking

Slept

Sleeping

A se
scufunda
A sta, a
edea
A adormi

Spoke
(spouc)
Spent

Spoken
(spoucn)
Spent

Speaking

A vorbi

Spending

Split
Spread

Split
Spread

Splitting
Spreading

Stood
(stud)
Stole
(stol)
Stuck
(stc)
Stung
(stng)
Struck
(stroc)
Swore

Stood

Standing

Stolen
(stolen)
Stuck

Stealing

A cheltui, a
petrece (timp
A despica
A ntinde,a
mpri
A sta(n
picioare)
A fura

Stung

Stinging

Struck
(stroc)
Sworn

Striking

A lipi, a
nepa
A pica,a
nepa
A lovi, a izbi

Swearing

A jura,a

Shining

Shrinking

Sitting

Stiking

39

A da mna,a
scutura
A strluci
A trage
(cu o arm)
A arta

(suer)

(suor)

(suorn)

To sweep
(suip)
To swim
(suim)
To take
(teic)

Swept
(suept)
Swam
(sum)
Took
(tuc)

Swept

Sweeping

declara
solemn
A mtura

Swum
(sum)
Taken
(teicn)

Swimming

A nota

Taking

A lua

To teach
(tici)

Taught
(tout)

Taught

Teaching

To tear
(tiir)
To tell

Tore
(tor)
Told

Torn
(torn)
Told

Tearing

To think

Thought
(ot)
Threw
(ru)
Understood
(andrstud)

Thought

Thinking

Thrown
(roun)
Understood

Throwing

A preda,a
nva pe
altul
A rupe,a
sfia
A spune,a
povesti
A gndi,a se
gndi
A arunca

Understandi
ng

A nelege

Woke
(uouc)
Wore
(uor)
Wove
(uouv)
Won
(un)
Wrote
(rout)

Woken
(uoucn)
Worn
(uorn)
Woven
(uovn)
Won

Waking

A trezi

Wearing

A purta

Weaving

A ese

Winning

A ctiga

Written
(ritn)

Writing

A scrie

To throw
(rou)
To
understande
(andrstend)
To wake
(ueic)
To wear
(uer)
To weave
(ueiv)
To win
(uin)
To write
(rait)

Telling

Mobilier Furniture
Sofa canapea (souf)
Bed pat (bed)
Chair scaun (te)
Armchair fotoliu (a:mte)
Table mas (teibl)
Lamp lamp (laemp)
Picture tablou (pikt)
Pillow pern

Bookcase bibliotec (bukkeis)


Mirror oglind (mir)
Desk birou (desk)
Curtain perdea (k:tn)
Carpet covor (ka:pit)
Shelf raft (elf)
Vase(of flowers) vaz(cu flori)
Clock ceas de perete
40

Fireplace emineu
Plant plant
Light lumin
Mat preul din faa uii
Washbasin chiuvet
Shower du
Toilet toalet
Vacuum cleaner aspirator
Crystal cristal
Bath cad
Cupboard dulap (kabd)

Watch ceas de mn
Flower floare
Window fereastr
Dining table masa pe care se mn.
Sink chiuvet
Microwave cuptor cu microunde
Oven cuptor
Fridge frigider
Freezer congelator
Dust praf
Cooker aragaz

Sporturi
Table tennis tenis de mas
Basketball baschet
Voleyball volei
Handball handbal
Ski schi
Pool biliard
Athletism atletism
Ice sketing patinaj
Hockey hochei
Gymnastic gimnastic

Adjectivul
Este partea de vorbire care clarific sau determin un substantiv sau un echivalent al
unui substantiv.
n limba englez adjectivele stau naintea substantivelor sau dup verbul to
be.Totodat ele nu se acord n gen,nr. Sau caz cu substantivul.
Clasificarea adjectivelor
1.Calitative
2.Posesive
3.Interogativ-relative
4.Demonstrative
5.Cantitative i nehotrte
Adjectivele posesive
41

La singular

my meu, mea, mei, mele


Your- tu, ta, ti, tale
His- lui, su, sa, si, sale, dnsului
Her ei, sa, si, sale, dnsei
Its lui, ei, su, sa, si, sale

La plural:

our (auer) nostru, noastr, notri, noastre


Your vostru, voastr, votrii, dumneavoastr
Their (deier) lor, dnilor, dnselor, dumnealor
My friend my friends
our friend
-s
Your friend your friends
your friend
-s
His - / their friend
-s
Its - / Her - / Its our business este treaba voastr
Its not your business nu este treaba voastr
Its my book
Its your book
His shirt is new cmaa lui este nou
Her cat is blak pisica ei este neagr
Cazul genitiv este cazul atributului i rspunde la urmtoarele ntrebri:
Whose (huz) ? al, a, ale cui ?
Which of ? care dintre?
Which ? care ?
What ? ce, care ?
Genitivul se recunoate dup terminaiile s i care sunt folosite ca adjective
posesive pentru a arta legtura dintre o persoan sau un lucru cu o alt persoan sau
un alt lucru.
S se adaug substantivelor care sunt i la singular i la plural dar nu se
termin n litera s .
Ex: James is Rosies brother.
se adaug substantivelor la plural care se termin n litera s .
Ex: She is at a girls school ea este la o coal de fete.
This are the cats bowls.- acestea sunt castroanele pisicilor.
Cnd numele unei persoane se termin n litera s se poate aduga s sau
Ex: The bakers butura
The chemists farmacia
The greengrosers aprozarul
The grosers bcnia
The barbers frizeria
The hairdressers coaforul
The jewellers magazinul de bijuterii
Jewellery(giulri) bijuterii
Genitivul se mai formeaz cu prepoziia of i se folosete cu substantive de toate
genurile.
Ex: Rosie is the sister of James.
42

James is the brother of Rosie.


He is Johns father.
He is the father of John.

Substantive numrabile i nenumrabile


Substantivul este partea de vorbire care denumete fiine,obiecte,stri, noiuni,
nsuiri, etc.
1. Substantive numrabile se refer la persoane i lucruri care pot fi
numrate.Au forme de singular i de plural.
A computer
two computer
- Dac substantivul este subiect verbul poate fi la singular sau la plural
dup caz.
Ex: The book is red The books are red
- Pot fi nlocuite de un pronume la singular sau la plural.
Ex: Whereis the book?
Where is it?
Its there
Where are the books?
They are there.
- Pot fi nsoite de numerale, de articolul nehotrt a sau ani de
adjective nehotrte.
2.Substantive nenumrabile - se refer la lucruri sau idei care nu pot fi
numrate.ntotdeauna au form de singular, niciodat nu au form de plural.Nu
se folosesc nici mcar cu articolul nehotrt a sauan.
3.Exist substantive care sunt numrabile i nenumrabile n acelai timp, ns
acestea i schimb mereu nelesul.
Toast nenumrabil pine prjit se mnnc
A toast numrabil toast se vorbete
Gossip brf(informaie)
-a gossip persoan care brfete
Glass sticl (material)
-a glass recipient
Cricket sportul criket
-a cricket greiere
Wood lemn ca mat.prim
-a wood pdure
Work munc
-a work o lucr. Creat de un artist
Heat(hit)- topete gheaa
- a heat o prob eliminatorie
- fierbe apa
- i obosete pe sportivi
cloth material, estur
- a cloth crp(pt.ters vasele)
Junk gunoi, rebut
-a junk vas chinezesc(pt.navig)
Capital bani
- a capital capital
Ex: Two teas please! - numrabil
Woud you like some tea? Doreti nite ceai?Vrei ceai?-nen.
Adjectivul nehotrt i cantitativ
Some unii, unele, nite, vreun, vreo
-Se folosete n propoziii afirmetive
43

Ex: There are some visitors in the school.


Sunt nite oaspei n coal.
-Apare n propoziii interogative,cereri i oferte atunci cnd se sper c
rspunsul este afirmativ.
Ex: Can I have some orange juice, please ?
Mi-ai putea aduce un suc de portocale?
Any
-n propoziiile afirmative se traduce: orice sau fiece
Ex: You can come any time. Poi veni oricnd.
-npropoziiile negative se traduce: nici un, nici o
Ex: I cant find any excuse.Nu pot gsi nici o scuz.
I havent got any money.Nu am nici un ban.
-n propoziiile interogat. Se traduce:orice,fiece,vreun,vreo.
Ex: Do you see any ship? Vezi vreun vapor?
Have you got any friends? Ai vreun prieten?
Ai ceva prieteni?
Some i Any se folosesc cu subst. Plurale i subst. Numrabile, se refer la un
numr de lucruri sau la o cantitate din ceva care nu este specificat.
Ex: Some pens
- nite stilouri
Any pens
-orice stilou, oricare din stilouri
Diferena de baz dintre Some i Any este c:
1.Some este folosit cu formule pozitive sau afirmative ale verbului.
Ex: I ate some fruit am mncat nite fructe
They bought some clothes ei au cumprat nite haine.
Any este folosit cu formule negative ale verbului.
Ex: I didnteat any fruit. N-am mncat nici o fruct.
They didnt by any clothes. Ei nu au cumprat nici o hain
2.Majoritatea ntrebrilor se formeaz cu any
Ex: - Do you have any brothers or sisters?
Ai vreun frate sau sor?
Can you speak any foreign languages?
Poi s vorbeti vreo limb strin?
Dar ntrebrile pot folosi i pe some:
-You look hungry Ari nfometat
-Shall I cook you some food? S-i gtesc ceva(nite)mncare
-Im very hungry mi este foarte foame.
-Would you cook me some food? Ai vrea s-mi
pregteti(gteti)ceva mncare?
Culori Colours
White alb (wait)
Black negru (blaek)
Brown cafeniu, maro (braun)
Gray gri, cenuiu (grei)

Blue albastru (blu


Green verde (gri:n)
Orange portocaliu (orindj)
Violet violet (vailit)
44

Red rou (red)


Yellow galben (yelou)

Mauve mov (mouv)


Rosy roz (rouzi)
Verbul. Timpul prezent simplu

La afirmativ
Formula: subiect+verb(es sau spers.III)
Verbul are forma infinitivului ns fr particula tocnd este vorba de
pronumele:I, you, we, they.
Verbul are forma infinitivului fr particula to dar primete terminaias
saues cnd este vorba de pronumele:I, you, we, they.
n romnete timpul prezent se traduce cu indicativul prezent.Timpul prezent
este folosit pentru:
1.
A descrie lucruri care se ntmpl zilnic
Ex: I work in a bank
2.
A descrie lucruri care au loc ntr-un mod regulat
Ex: She al wayas comes lateea vine trziu
ntotdeauna
I play tennis three times week joc tenis de 3 ori pe
sptmn
I bruch my teath twice a day m spl pe dini de 2 ori
(once-o dat)
pe zi.
3.Pentru a descrie lucruri general valabile
Ex: Dogs bark cinii latr
Water freezes at 0C Apa nghea la 0 C
4.Pentru a descrie lucruri programate sau fixate.
Ex:The train leaves at 7.a.m.
5.Pentru a descrie sentimente generale fa de lucruri.
Ex:He look a bit unhappy pare un pic trist.
Prezentul simplu folosete adesea cuvinte sau expresii care ne indic de cte ori se
petrece ceva.
Ex: always ntotdeauna
Usualy de obicei
Never niciodat
Sometimes cteodat
Generally n general
All the times tot timpul, mereu
Four hours a day 4 ore pe zi
Three times a weck de 3 ori pe sptmn
Every day n fiecare zi
Every week n fiecare sptmn
Every month n fiecare lun
Every year n ficare an
Often adesea, uneori
Seldom rareori(sometimes)

45

Forma negativ la timpul prezent


La timpul prezent o propoziie negativ se formeaz prin adugarea lui:do not, dont
sau does not, doesnt + infinitiv( fr to ).
He doesnt eat El nu mnnc
I dont swim Eu nu not
I dont like him Nu-mi place de el
Sg.

I dont
You dont
He doesnt
She doesnt
It doesnt

Pl.

We dont
You dont
They dont

+ verb

+ verb

Forma interogativ
La timpul prezent ntrebrile se formeaz cu do sau does + infinitiv(fr particula to)
Do you have any questions? Mai avei vreo ntrebare?
Do you live there? Stai tu acolo?
Does she live there? St ea acolo?
Interogatin negativul
Dont you live there? Nu locuieti tu acolo?
Doesnt she live there? Nu locuiete ea acolo?
Flori Flowers
Rose trandafir (rouz)
Pink garoaf (pingk)
Tulip lalea (tju:lip)
Hyacinth zambil (haisin)
Snowdrop ghiocel (snoudrop)
Lilac liliac (lailk)
Lily crin (lili)

Peony bujor (pini)


Daisy margaret (deizi)
Dahlia dalie,gherghin(deili)
Chrysanthemum crizantem(krisaenmm)
Geranium mucat (djireinym)
Sunflower fl. Soarelui (sanflau)
Water lily nufr (wo:tlili)

Expresiile: There is i there are


Aceste expresii se folosesc numai cu verbulto bepentru a indica existena concret a
unor lucruri, fenomene, persoane, etc, pe cnd expresia it is se folosete pentru
elemente care se msoar.
Ex: timp, distan, temperatur
There is exist, se afl, se gsete
There are exist, se afl, se gsesc
This acesta, aceast fol. la sg. i arat apropierea apropierea
That acela, aceia deprtarea
These (diiz) aceste apropierea
46

Those (duz) acelea deprtarea


Vesel
Plate farfurie (pleit)
Saucer farfurioar (so:s)
Fork furculi (fo:k)
Knife cuit (naif)
Spoon lingur (spu:n)
Tea-spoon linguri(ti:spu:n)
Cup ceac (kap)
Tea-pot ceainic (ti:pot)
Coffee-pot ibric pt. Cafea
Bread-basket co de pine(breadba:skit)
Bowl castron
Jar borcan
Tin conserv
Glass pahar
Small plate farfuriu

Carne Meat
Beef vac (bi:f)
Veal viel (vi:l)
Pork porc (po:k)
Mutton oaie,berbec(matn)
Lamb miel (laem)
Ckicken pui (tikin)
Fowl pasre (faul)
Turkey curcan (t:ki)
Goose gsc (gu:s)
Duck ra(dak)
Rabbit iepure (raebit)
Game vnat (geim)
Venison cprioar(venyn)
Prawn rac
Fish pete (fi)

Excuse me.Can I have the menu, please?


Can I have the bill, please?
Mi-aducei nota de plat v rog.
Would you bring me the bill, please?
What would you like to eat(drink)?
Id like., please.
Near aproape
Anything else altceva?
Far departe
Your change restul dumneavoastr
Far away f. departe
To serve a se servi
Take away a lua la pachet
Homemada mncare fcut acas

Hot cald
Cold rece

A piece of cake o felie de prjitur


A packet of sugar un pachet de zahr
A bottle of oil o sticl de ulei
A tin of peas o conserv de mazre
A tube of. un tub de
A box of - o cutie de
A sack of.. o pung de.
A bar of soap o bucat de spun
A pound of cheese 450 grame de brnz
Five pound of potatoes 2,25 kg cartofi
A loaf of bread o franzel
A slice of bread o felie de pine
To slice a tia n feli
A bunch of grapes un ciorchine de struguri
47

Hold something a ine ceva n mn.


Use a knife and fork s folosim cuitul i furculuia
Drink from a cup a bea din ceac
Writing paper coli de scris
Stamps timbre
Envelopes plicuri
Letter scrisoare
Postcards carte potal
Phone cards cartele telefonice
Diary jurnal
Expensive scump
Cigarettes igri
Cheap ieftin
Lighter brichet
Shops magazine
Packing list lista cu lucruri de mpachetat
Sweets dulciuri
Pasteries produse de patiserie(peistris)
Birthday cake tort
Soap spun
Towel prosop
Shampoo ampon
Tooth paste past de dini
Toothbrush periu de dini
Lipstik ruj
Make up farduri
Magazines reviste
Camera aparat de fotografiat
Batteries baterii
Films rolfilm

Every where peste tot


Which ones care dintre ele
That one aceea
Over there de acolo
Each fiecare
Altogether laolalt

Ordinea adjectivelor
De obicei adjectivele se pun dup verbul to be sau naintea substantivului
Ex: Its a red dress
1.Se trec adjectivele care exprim prerea sau opinia
2.Adjectivele care exprim altele (mrimea, vrsta )
3.Adjectivele care descriu culoarea
4.Adjectivele care descriu materialul
Ex: Its a beautiful, long, black, leather coat.
Piele pardesiu
Adjectivele se despart de obicei prin virgul, dar cnd sunt numai dou adjective
virgula nu mai este necesar.
Ex: A big blue coat.
ns dac ambele adjective descriu culori sau material, se pune ntre ele conjuncia
i.
Ex: A red and green carpet.
48

Cnd un verb este urmat de dou sau mai multe adjective care la rndul lor nu sunt
urmate deun substantiv, atunci ntre ultimele dou adjective se pune conjuncia i.
Ex: His beard is long, thick and black.
Groas

Meniu Menu
(menyn:)
Hors doeuvres antreuri, aperitive
Water ap (wo:t)
(o:dvz)
Fried eggs ochiuri (fraid egz)
Mineral water ap mineral
Omlet(te) omlet (omlit)
Soda-water sifon(soud wot)
Fried potatoes cartofi prjii
Tonic-water tonic(tonik wot)
(fraid pteitouz)
Chips cartofi pai (tips)
Tea ceai (ti
Mashed potatoes cartofi piureu
Coffee cafea (kofi)
(met pteitouz)
Soup sup (su:p)
Cocoa cacao (koukou)
Roastmeat(beef,chicken) carne fript
Lemonadelimonad
(de vac, pui)
(lemneid)
Grilled meat carne le grtar
Juice suc(de fructe) (dju:s)
(grild mi:t)
Salad salat (seald)
Tomato juice suc de roii
Escalope niel (eskloup)
Beer bere (bi)
Meat balls chiftele (mi:t bo:lz)
Ale bere(slab) (eil)
Ham unc (heam)
Wine vin (wain)
Roll chifl, corn (roul)
Port vin de Porto (po:t)
Pie pateu, plcint, tart (pai)
Champagne-ampanie(aempein
Cake prjitur, tort (keik)
Brandy coniac,rachiu(braendi)
Pudding budinc (puding)
Cherry brabdy viinat
Ice-cream ngheat (ais kri:m)
Cognac coniac (kounyaek)
Jam dulcea, gem (djaem)
Liqueur lichior (likyu)
Honei miere (hani)
Gin gin (djin)
Seaweed fructe de mare (siuid)
Rum rom (ram)
Sausage crnat (sosigi)
Compote compot (kompout)
Glass of wather pahar cu ap

Mineral water ap mineral


Plain water ap plat
Steak friptir (steic)
Fruit juice suc de fructe
Fried chicken pui prjit
bottle sticl
Roast lamb miel la grtar
Waiter osptar, chelner
Fish of the day pete proaspt
Waiteress osptri
Mixed salad salat asortat
Bread pine
Plain salad salat dintr-o sg.legum
Egg ou
Desserts desert (dizr)
Rice orez (rais)
Pancakes cltite (pancheips)
Couscous un fel de orez
49

Crep cltite
Strawberry cake prjitur cu cpuni
(stroberi)
Chese and biscuits brnz i biscuii

Noodles tiei (nudls)


Olive oil ulei de mzline
Butter unt (batr)
sugar zahr (ugr)

Cupboard bufet
Fridge frigider (britanicii)
Refrigerator frigider (englezii)
Chop a toca
Mix a amesteca
Crumble a frmnta
Stir a mesteca
Peel a decoji
On the left la stnga
On the right la dreapta
At the top naintea
At the bottom dup
Straigh ahead drept nainte
On the corner pe col
Across the bridge peste pod
Across the road peste strad
Allong the road de-a lungul drumului
Past the bank dincolo de banc
NUMERALUL CARDINAL THE CARDINAL NUMERAL
1 one
2 two
3 three
4 four
5 five
6 six
7 seven
8 eight

9 nine
10 ten
11 eleven
12 twelve
13 thirteen
14 fourteen
15 fifteen
16 sixteen

17 seventeen
18 eighteen
20 twenty
21 twenty-one
22 - twenty-two
30 thirty
40 forty
50 fifty

60 sixty
70 seventy
80 eighty
90 ninety
100 one(a) hundred
200 two hundred
1000 one thousand
2000 two thousand

Numerale ordinale
1st the first primul, ntiul
2nd the second al doilea
3rd the third al treilea
4th the fourth
5th the fifth
6th the sixth
7th the seventh
8th the eighth
17th the seventeenth

9th the neineth


10th the tenth
11th the eleventh
12th the twelfth
13th the thirteenth
14th the fourteenth
15th the fifteenth
16th the sixteenth
30th the thirtieth
50

18th the eighhteenth


19th the nineteenth
20th the twentieth
21th the twenty first
22th the twenty second
23th the twenty - third

40th the fourtieth


50th the fiftieth
60th the sixtieth
70th the seventieth
80th the eightieth
90th the neintieth
100th the one hundredth
101th the one hundred and first
th
1000 the one thousandth
1000000th the one millionth

Numeral colectiv
Conine o mulime exprimat printr-un singular
-couple (capl) - cuplu, dou
-pair (peer) pereche
-score (scor) 20, pol
-team (tiim) echip
-dazem duzin, 12
-gross 12 duzini
Ex: A couple of cherries dou ciree
A pair of shoes o pereche de pantofi
A pair of trousers o pereche de pantaloni
To walk in pairs a se plimba perechi (cte doi)
Half a score years 40 de ani
Numeralul multiplicativ
Double dublu
Triple triplu
Once o dat
Twice de dou ori
Three times de trei ori
Four times de 4 ori
Five times de 5 ori
A hundred times de 100 de ori
Numeral distributiv
One at a time cte unul odat
Two at a time cte doi odat
Three at a time cte trei odat
One by one unul cte unul
Two by two doi cte doi
Three by three 3 cte 3
By the dozen la duzin
Ten at time cte 10, 10 odat
Every other minute din 2 n 2 minute, din clip n clip
Every other hour din 2 n 2 ore, la fiecare dou ore
Numeral adverbial
51

Firstly n primul rnd


Secondly n al doilea rnd
Thirdly n al treilea rnd
Fourthly n al 4-lea rnd
Numeral nehotrt
A number of un numr de
A lot of o mulime de, o grmad de
Lots of many muli, multe
Tens of zeci de
Hundreds of sute de
Data -The date
1st January 1971 The first of January, nineteen seventy-one
23rd August 1944 The twenty-third of August, nineteen forty-four
30th December 1947 The thirtieth of December, nineteen forty-seven.
Semnele matematice
+ and, plus
- minus (mains)
x multiplied (multiplaid)
: divided by (divaidid) mprit la
= equal to (ecultu) egal cu
% per cent
radical scuare root (scuer rut)

Prepoziii pentru exprimarea timpului


1.At se folosete la:
a. Perioade ale zilei
Ex:
At five oclock
At night seara, serile
At the moment momentan, pe moment
At midnight n mijlocul nopii
b.Festivaluri religioase
At Christmas la crciun, de crciun
At Easter, de (la) pate
2.In se folosete la:
a. Luni
Ex: in February
in Octomber
b.Anotimpuri
in spring
in summer
52

c.Ani

in 1944
in 2000
d.Secole
In the twentieth century (sentri)
secol
3.On se folosete la:
a. Zile ale sptmnii
On Friday
On Monday
b. La date:
On forth July
On 17th March
Timpul prezent progresiv (continuu)
Funciile:
1. Exprimarea unei aciuni n curs de desfurare n momentul vorbirii sau scrierii.
Ex:
Susan is working at home today.-Susan lucreaz acas astzi.
It is getting dark.- Se ntunec.
The bus is coming. Autobuzul vine.
He is speaking on the phone. El vorbete la telefon.
2. Exprimarea unei aciuni (eventual de mai lung durat) care reflect un proces, o
dezvoltare, o evoluie.
Ex:
The baby is growing up. Copilul crete.
3. Exprimarea planurilor viitoare folosind adesea timpul viitor al adverbului.
Ex:
When are you going on holiday? Cnd pleci n concediu(vacan)
I am leaving next Tuestday. Plec marea viitoare.
La afirmativ avem verbul to be + participiul prezent(terminaia-ing)
I am playing in the garden.
You are playng in the garden.
He, she, it is playing in the garden.
We are playing in the garden.
You are playing in the garden.
They are playing in the garden.

Forma interogativ afirmativ


Verbul auxiliarto be + negaie + verb cu terminaia-ing
Am I playing in the garden?
Are you playing in the garden?
Is he, she, it playing in the garden?
53

Are we playing in the garden?


Are you playing in the garden?
Are they playing in the garden?
Interogativ negativ
Auxiliarulto be + subiect + negaie + verb terminat n ing
Am I not coming tomorrow?
Are you not coming tomorrow?
Is he, she, it not coming tomorrow?
Are we not coming tomorrow?
Are you not coming tomorrow?
Are they not coming tomorrow?
Regulile pentru creare a participiului

1.Verb la infinitiv + ing


Ex: walk walking
paint painting
2.Verbele la infinitiv terminate n e taie aceasta liter i adaug ing.
Ex: dance dancing
Make making
3.Un infinitiv care se termin ntr-o silab (compus dintr-o vocal i o consoan) da
pe care se pune accent dubleaz consoana i adaug ing.
Ex: stop stopping
Put putting
4.Un infinitiv care se termin ntr-o silab (compus dintr-o vocal i o consoan) da
pe care se pune accent dubleaz consoana i adaug ing
Ex: begin beginning
Refer referring
5.Un infinitiv terminat ntr-o silab (compus dintr-o vocal i litera l) dubleaz litera
i adaug ing.
Ex: travel travelling
To can a putea se folosete n urmtoarele cazuri:
1.
2.

Cnd este vorba de abilitatea unei persoane.


Ex: I can drive a car. Pot s conduc o main.
Pentru a cere ceva.
Ex: Can I have a sandwich, please.- Putei s-mi aducei un sandwich v rog.
Poate fi folosit cu un verb la infinitiv (fr particula to )
Ex: I can dance. Eu pot s dansez.
He can dance.
Negativul se formeaz prin adugarea lui not sau nt la acest verb.
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Ex: I cant dance.


Icannot dance. ntotdeauna se scrie legat n engleza britanic.
Interogaia afirmativ se formeaz prin punerea verbului can naintea verbului.
Ex: Can I dance? Pot eu s dansez?
Negaia interogativ Cant I dance?
Cant you dance?
Timpul trecut

Was pers. a 3 a sg. i persoana I sg.

Were restul (II sg. + I,II,III pl. )


Timpul trecut se folosete atunci cnd vorbim despre o aciune, un eveniment sau o
stare, la un anume timp din trecut.
Ex:
My brothers arrived in Piteti yesterday.
Fraii mei au sosit n Piteti ieri.
Formele timpului trecut
a.
b.
c.
litera ed.
d.
adaug ed.
e.

f.

infinitiv + terminatia ed (fr particula to )


infinitivele terminate n e adaug litera d
Ex: like liked
infinitivele terminate n y schimb aceast liter n I romnesc i adaug
Ex: hurry hurried
alte vebe terminate ntr-o consoan, repet ultima consoan dup care
Ex: stop stopped (stopd)
ntrebrile se formeaz dup formula:
did + subiect + vb. la infinitiv
Ex: Did you like your pizza?
Forma negativ se formeaz prin folosirea lui:
did not (didnt) dup care se pune verbul la infinitiv.
Ex: I didnt go there Eu nu am fost acolo.

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