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Past Simple

prezentare

Schema

Afirmativ: S + V-ed (pentru verbe


regulate)

Sau

S + V la forma a IIa (pentru verbe


neregulate)
Negativ: S + did + not + V
(didnt)
Interogativ: Did + S + V?

verbe regulate

Regula generala spune ca


un verb la trecut primeste
terminatia -ed.

verbe neregulate

Mai exista si o categorie de


verbe care nu respecta
regula de adaugare a -ed
la trecut. Ele se numesc
neregulate si au un cuvant
separat pentru a exprima
Past Simple.

Verbele neregulate se
gasesc in tabele.

Ex.: play -> played


listen -> listened
visit -> visited

Pentru ca respecta aceasta


regula, asemenea verbe se
numesc regulate

utilizare

Past Simple se foloseste pentru a exprima actiuni


trecute, incheiate si care nu se mai pot repeta.

Expresii specifice:
- Yesterday (ieri)
- Last month/year/summer etc (luna/anul/varatrecut(a))
- In 1987
- In October
etc.

Reguli de scriere la adaugarea terminatiei -ed


(pentru verbe regulate)

1.Verbele monosilabice terminate in consoana-vocala-consoana dubleaza


ultima litera.
Ex: stop => stopped;
2. Verbele bisilabice cu accentul pe a doua silaba, terminate in consoanavocala-consoana, dubleaza ultima litera.

Ex: regret => regretted


3. -e final mut dispare.
Ex: live => lived
4. -y final precedat de consoana se transforma in -i
Ex: try => tried
5. -l final se dubleaza.
Ex: travel => travelled

Exemple de propozitii
pentru un verb regulat

Am incercat sa scriu o carte.


I tried to write a book.

N-am incercat sa scriu o


carte.
I didnt try to write a book.
Ai incercat sa scrii o carte?
Did you try to write a book?

Afirmativ: S + V-ed (pentru


verbe regulate)

Negativ: S + did + not + V

(didnt)

Interogativ: Did + S + V?

Observatie:

Verbele neregulate se gasesc in tabele speciale, sub


urmatoarea forma:

Ex:
to write

(forma I/prezent)

wrote

(forma a II-a)

written
(forma a III-a)

to speak
(forma I/prezent)

spoke

(forma a II-a)

spoken
(forma a III-a)

Exemple de propozitii
pentru un verb neregulat

Am scris o carte anul trecut.


I wrote a book last year.
Nu am scris o carte anul
trecut.
I didnt write a book last
year.

Ai scris o carte anul trecut?


Did you write a book last
year?

Afirmativ: S + V la forma a IIa (pentru


verbe neregulate)

Negativ: S + did + not + V


(didnt)

Interogativ: Did + S + V?

To be (a fi) nu respecta schema lui Past Simple el are conjugare


separata pentru afirmativ, interogativ, negativ.

Afirmativ:
I was am fost
You were tu ai fost
He was el a fost
She was ea a fost
It was el/ea a fost (animale,
lucruri, fenomene)
We were noi am fost
You were voi ati fost
They were ei/ele au fost

Interogativ:
Was I? am fost?
Were you? ai fost?
Was he? el a fost?
Was she? ea a fost?
Was it? el/ea a fost?
(animale, lucruri, fenomene)
Were we? noi am fost?
Were you voi ati fost?
Were they? ei/ele au fost?

To be (a fi) nu respecta schema lui Past Simple el are conjugare


separata pentru afirmativ, interogativ, negativ.

Negativ:
I was not (I wasnt) nu am fost
You were not (you werent) nu ai fost
He was not (he wasnt) el nu a fost
She was not (she wasnt) ea nu a fost
It was not (it wasnt) el/ea nu a fost (animale,
lucruri, fenomene)
We were not (we werent) noi nu am fost
You were not (you werent) voi nu ati fost
They were not (they werent) ei/ele nu au fost