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Unit 4 mid term review

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
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1. The ability to do work is called


a. velocity.
b. energy.
c. conversion.
d. friction.
2. Energy is measured in units called
a. joules.
b. pounds.
c. meters.
d. horsepower.
3. The energy associated with motion is called
a. kinetic energy.
b. elastic potential energy.
c. gravitational potential energy.
d. nuclear energy.
4. Kinetic energy increases as
a. mass increases and velocity decreases.
b. mass decreases and velocity increases.
c. both mass and velocity increase.
d. both mass and velocity decrease.
5. Which of the following has kinetic energy?
a. a rock poised for a fall
b. an archers bow that is drawn back
c. a rolling bowling ball
d. a car waiting at a red light
6. Unlike kinetic energy, potential energy is
a. energy of motion.
b. stored.
c. conserved.
d. not measurable.
7. Potential energy that depends on height is called
a. kinetic energy.
b. gravitational potential energy.
c. elastic potential energy.
d. mechanical energy.
8. The total energy of the particles in an object is called
a. mechanical energy.
b. thermal energy.
c. chemical energy.
d. electrical energy.
9. Energy stored in the core of an atom is called
a. electromagnetic energy.
b. nuclear energy.

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c. mechanical energy.
d. chemical energy.
An example of something that stores chemical energy is
a. lightning.
b. a microwave.
c. a match.
d. light.
Visible light is an example of
a. chemical energy.
b. electrical energy.
c. electromagnetic energy.
d. nuclear energy.
Moving water can be used to produce electricity because
a. most forms of energy can be converted into other forms.
b. energy cannot be converted into other forms of energy.
c. potential energy can be converted into kinetic energy, but not vice versa.
d. kinetic energy can be converted into potential energy, but not vice versa.
Niagara Falls is a good example of
a. kinetic energy being converted into potential energy.
b. potential energy being converted into kinetic energy.
c. energy being lost.
d. energy being created.
What type of conversion is taking place when natural gas is used to heat water?
a. chemical energy into thermal energy
b. thermal energy into mechanical energy
c. mechanical energy into electromagnetic energy
d. electromagnetic energy into chemical energy
The law of conservation of energy states that when one form of energy is converted into another,
a. energy is destroyed in the process.
b. no energy is destroyed in the process.
c. energy is created in the process.
d. some amount of energy cannot be accounted for.
When you rub your hands together on a cold day, you use friction to convert
a. mechanical energy into thermal energy.
b. thermal energy into nuclear energy.
c. nuclear energy into electrical energy.
d. electrical energy into electromagnetic energy.
The scientist who suggested that energy can be created under certain conditions was
a. Newton.
b. Einstein.
c. Wright.
d. Pascal.
An example of a fossil fuel is
a. wood.
b. petroleum.
c. the sun.
d. water.
The type of energy stored by fossil fuels such as coal is
a. kinetic energy.

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b. mechanical energy.
c. chemical potential energy.
d. electromagnetic energy.
Fossil fuels contain energy that originally came from
a. tidal forces.
b. Earths core.
c. the sun.
d. dinosaurs.
The process of burning a fuel is called
a. combustion.
b. meltdown.
c. acceleration.
d. conduction.
When fossil fuels are burned, their chemical potential energy is converted into
a. nuclear energy.
b. electrical energy.
c. mechanical energy.
d. thermal energy.
When generators are spun by turbines, they
a. produce nuclear energy.
b. store potential energy.
c. produce electricity.
d. burn fossil fuels.
What type of energy does a spinning turbine have?
a. electrical energy
b. nuclear energy
c. thermal energy
d. mechanical energy
The rate at which work is done is
a. energy.
b. power.
c. velocity.
d. force.
A device that is twice as powerful as another can do the same amount of work in
a. half the time.
b. twice the time.
c. one third the time.
d. the same amount of time.
Power equals work divided by
a. energy.
b. time.
c. force.
d. velocity.
Power is measured in units called
a. joules.
b. pounds.
c. watts.
d. newtons.
The power of a light bulb that converts electrical energy at a rate of 100 joules per second is

a. 50 watts.
b. 200 watts.
c. 100 watts.
d. 40 watts.
____ 30. One horsepower is equal to
a. 100 watts.
b. 746 watts.
c. 1,000 watts.
d. 1,769 watts.

Unit 4 mid term review


Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE
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B
A
A
C
C
B
B
B
B
C
C
A
B
A
B
A
B
B
C
C
A
D
C
D
B
A
B
C
C
B