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Tema 2

Spaiul Nordic - Europa Nordic Norvegia, Suedia, Finlanda, rile Baltice, Danemarca,
Islanda;
- efectele pozitive ale izolrii i condiiilor restrictive de mediu
- condiionri i intervenia oportunitii;
- izolarea nordic iniial i expansiunea economic actual;
- modelul scandinav evoluie i prioritile actuale; relaia natur-cultur-turism
- Norvegia, Suedia, Danemarca, Islanda motenirea viking;
- asemnrile lingvistice (norvegian, suedez, danez) factori de perpetuare a
progresului;
- influena bisericii luterane, dominante i a sistemelor politice democratice;
- influena Ligii Hanseatice n dezvoltarea oraelor nordice;
- Norvegia i poziia fa de Uniunea European votul negativ vis-a-vis de aderarea la
structurile europene; motivaie
- mediile culturale i rolul lor n promovarea identitii norvegiene
- patrimoniul cultural universal i dezvoltare urban relaie caracteristic oraelor
norvegiene : Bergen, Stavanger, Oslo
- Modelul suedez social-democratia i relaia om-context natural
- Stockholm tiparul dezvoltrii urbane -policentrism ; etape i specificitii ; ora-global
(global city, world city)
- Gamla Stan i Skansen abordri particulare subordonate ideii de peisaj suedez
- Dalarna regiune tardiional ; importana conservrii patrimoniului cultural (industrial,
folcloric, etc.)
- Kiruna - patrimoniul industrial ca alternativ la dezvoltarea economic
- Gothenburg , Norrkoping reconversie econmic i regenerare urban
- Finlanda rolul educaiei n dezvoltarea economic i conservarea modelului
tradiional;
- Helsinki particulariti ale structurii urbane (policentrism)
- oraele de lemn - Rauma
- multiculturalsimul finlandez

- Laponia model cultural specific nordului european, nomadismul i modernitatea o


antitez a succesului.

Bibliografie
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2001. xiii, 242 p. ISBN 0-295-98037-0. An excellent introduction to the life of Sami reindeer
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Borchert, Nanna. 2001, Land is Life: Traditional Saami Reindeer Grazing Threatened in
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http://www.oloft.com/landislife.pdf
Clout, H. (1993) European experiences of rural development. Rural Development
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Pettersson, R. 2004. Sami Tourism in Northern Sweden. Etour, stersundUme.


Valkeap, Nils-Aslak. Greetings from Lappland: the Sami Europes Forgotten People.
Translated by Beverley Wahl. London. Zed Press, 1983. 128 p.
William H. McNeill Ascensiunea occidentului: o istorie a comunitii umane i un eseu
retrospectiv, Edit. ARC 2000