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Roof beam

Beam Data
width
depth
clear cover to
main reinf.
Material Grades
Concrete
Steel
Span Moment
End Moment

Span
End

Area of Steel
Percentage
Area of Steel

250 mm
350 mm
25 mm

d'
eff depth

35 mm
315 mm

25 MPa
415 MPa
Normal moment

Torsional moment

Equivalent moment

60 KN-m
78 KN-m

0 KN-m
0 KN-m

60
78

Span Condition End Condition

Mu/bd2
xumax
Mulim
Mulim/bd2

2.42
151
86
3.45

3.14
151
86
3.45

Beam is designed as Singly Reinforced Beam


Beam is designed as Singly Reinforced Beam
Span Reinforcement
Tension (Ast)
0.768 %

Compr (Asc)

Area of Steel
Percentage
Area of Steel

-------

605 sqmm

Tension Reinforcement for span moment


Type
Bar dia
Layer 1
20 mm
Layer 2
25 mm
Layer 3
32 mm
Total Steel Provided

Nos
3
0
0

Area of Steel
942 sqmm
0 sqmm
0 sqmm
942 sqmm

End Reinforcement
Tension (Ast) Compr (Asc)

1.197 %

1.057 %

-------

833 sqmm

Tension Reinforcement for end moment


Bar dia
Nos
20 mm
2
16 mm
3
32 mm
0
Total Steel Provided

Provided Steel OK

Provided Steel OK

Compression Reinforcement for span moment


Type
Bar dia
Nos
Layer 1
20 mm
4
Layer 2
12 mm
4
Layer 3
Total Steel Provided

Shear Force (Vu)


Tortional Moment
Equivalent Shear
v
c
cmax

Type
Layer 1
Layer 2
Layer 3

66 KN
0 KN-m
66 KN
0.838
0.905
3.1

Bar Dia
20 mm
16 mm
12 mm

Compression Reinforcement for end moment


Bar dia
Nos
20 mm
3
12 mm
0

Area of Steel

#VALUE!

.=Vu / (b * d)
Refer Table 61 SP 16 pg 179
Refer Table J SP 16 pg 175

Nos
Area of Steel
5
1571 sqmm
3
603 sqmm
0
0 sqmm
Total Steel Provided 2174 sqmm

Sectional Dimensions OK
Shear Check OK
Provide Nominal Shear Reinforcement

Total Steel Provided

or =(0.85*(0.8*fck)*(1+5)-1)) / (6)

2.761 %

Type of stirrup
Stirrup diameter
Spacing
Provide

2 legged
8 mm
236 c/c
175 mm c/c

OK

Roof beam

.= cc+ sdia + mdia/2


.= d - d'

.= (700/(1100 * (0.87 * fy)) * d


.= 0.36*fck*b*xumax*(d-(0.42*xumax))

Refer Table 2 SP 16 pg 48

Tension Reinforcement for end moment


Area of Steel
628 sqmm
603 sqmm
0 sqmm
1232 sqmm
Provided Steel OK
Compression Reinforcement for end moment
Area of Steel

or =(0.85*(0.8*fck)*(1+5)-1)) / (6)

Steel Calculation for span moment

Grade Check
7.8
SRB
a
b
c
-p
Ast

0.60
-3.611
2.419
0.768
605

.=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)2
.=(0.87/100) * (fy)
.=Mu/bd2
.=-(b(b2-4ac))/2a
.=(p*b*d)/100

0.1111
0.15

DRB
a
b
c
-p
Astlim

0.60
-3.611
3.453
1.194
940

Mu2
Ast2
Ast

-26
-254
687

.=Mu - Mulim
.=Mu2/((0.87*fy)*(d-d'))
.=Astlim+Ast2

d'/d
fsc
fcc
Asc

0.15
342
11.15
-277

Refer Table F SP 16 pg 13
.=0.466*fck
.=Mu2/((fsc-fcc)*(d-d'))

Min steel %
Ast
Asc

0.205
605
-277

.=0.85% / fy

Min Steel
Max Steel

161
3150

.=(0.85*b*d) / fy
.=0.04*b*d)

Ast
Asc

605

Pt provided
Pc provided

2.761

Shear Calculations

1.051

Shear Capacity of Concrete (Vs)


Shear Stg to be caried by Stirrup (Vus)
Spacing
actual req
min
max
max
X1
(X1+X2)/4

417
363
236
300
180
115

71
-5

.=(Asv*0.87fy*d)/Vus
.=(Asv*0.87fy)/(b*0.4)
.=0.75d
.=300mm

.=c*b*d
.=Vu-Vs
provide the
least of the 6

.=(Ast*100)/(b*d)
.=(Asc*100)/(b*d)
.=(0.8*fck)/(6.89*Pt)

.=(0.87435/100) * (fy/fck)2
.=(0.87/100) * (fy)
.=Mulim/bd2
.=-(b(b2-4ac))/2a
.=(p*b*d)/100