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N 11

M 2

Tema
--Energie si mediu-Obiectivul proiectului este de a selecta filiera de producere a energiei electrice cu
impactul cel mai mic asupra mediului nconjurtor.
Filierele de producere a energiei electrice sun urmtoarele:
A. Extracia gazului natural din bazinul Transilvaniei si producerea de energie
electric ntr-o turbin cu aburi n condensaie.
B. Extracia gazului natural din bazinul Moscovei si producerea de energie electric
ntr-un ciclu combinat gaze-abur.
C. Extracia lignitului din Valea Jiului si producerea energiei electrice ntr-o turbin
cu aburi n condensaie.
Etapele proiectului:
1. Descrierea obiectivelor de studiu.
2. Alegerea unitii funcionale respectiv a unittii de referin pentru fiecare etap a
filierelor analizate .
3. Realizarea bilanului materie-energie pentru fiecare etap a ciclului de via
(crbune respectiv gaz natural ).
4. Calcularea emisiilor generate n etapa de combustie.
5. Clasificarea claselor de impact n funcie de poluanii inventariai la punctul 3.
6. Cuantificarea claselor de impact (calcularea indicilor de impact).
7. Interpretarea rezultatelor:
- comportarea filierelor dup fiecare etap;
- comportarea filierelor dup un anumit poluant ( sau dup un indicator);
- comportarea global a filierelor energetice innd cont de toi indicatorii
de impact.

Distantele de transport intre punctele de extractie si consumator


sunt urmatoarele:
Filiera 1:

d1 500

km

Filiera 2:

d2 2500

km

Filiera 3:

d3 300

km

Emisiile pentru fiecare etapa a fiecarei filiere sunt:


Filiera 1
Etapa de extractie:
NO2ex1 0.0179 0.005 N

NO2ex1 0.073

NOex1 0.0024 0.0003 N

NOex1 5.7 10

g/Nm3

CO2ex1 0.2217 0.08 N

CO2ex1 1.102

g/Nm3

COex1 0.0054 0.0002 N

COex1 7.6 10

SO2ex1 1.33 10

2.78 10

CH4ex1 0.475 0.04 N


5

N2Oex1 2.95 10

prafex1 3.6 10

g/Nm3

6.38 10
5

8.5 10

g/Nm3
5

SO2ex1 4.388 10

g/Nm3

CH4ex1 0.915

g/Nm3
5

N2Oex1 9.968 10

prafex1 1.295 10

g/Nm3
g/Nm3

Etapa de tratare:
NO2tr1 0.0024 0.004 N

NO2tr1 0.046

NOtr1 0.0041 0.0005 N

NOtr1 9.6 10

g/Nm3

CO2tr1 0.31 0.09 N

CO2tr1 1.3

g/Nm3

COtr1 0.004 0.007 N

COtr1 0.081

g/Nm3

SO2tr1 0.012

g/Nm3

SO2tr1 4.3 10

6.8 10

CH4tr1 7.2 10

CH4tr1 0.005 0.0002 N


5

N2tr1 1.96 10

g/Nm3

7.18 10

N2tr1 9.858 10

g/Nm3

g/Nm3
4

praftr1 5.1 10

5.2 10

praftr1 1.082 10

g/Nm3

NO2tp1 1.31

g/Nm3

NOtp1 0.435

g/Nm3

CO2tp1 52

g/Nm3

Etapa de transport:
NO2tp1 ( 0.0042 0.002 N)

500
10
500
10

COtp1 ( 0.006 0.0005 N)

SO2tp1 3.7 10

8 10

CH4tp1 ( 0.08 0.004 N)

500
10

10

8.2 10

6.2 10

praftp1 1.61 10

COtp1 0.575

500

N2Otp1 4.6 10

10

500
10

NOtp1 ( 0.001 0.0007 N)


CO2tp1 ( 0.27 0.07 N)

500

g/Nm3
4

SO2tp1 6.25 10

g/Nm3

CH4tp1 6.2

g/Nm3

500
10

N2Otp1 6.81 10

500
10

praftp1 0.042

g/Nm3
g/Nm3

Filiera 2
Etapa de extractie:
NO2ex2 0.024 0.005 N

NO2ex2 0.079

NOex2 0.0034 0.0003 N

CO2ex2 0.21 0.08 N


COex2 0.004 0.0002 N
5

SO2ex2 2.3 10

2.78 10

CH4ex2 0.51 0.04 N

g/Nm3

NOex2 6.7 10

g/Nm3

CO2ex2 1.09

g/Nm3
3

COex2 6.2 10

g/Nm3
5

SO2ex2 5.358 10

g/Nm3

CH4ex2 0.95

g/Nm3

N2Oex2 3.1 10

prafex2 4.2 10

6.38 10

8.5 10

N2Oex2 1.012 10

prafex2 1.355 10

g/Nm3
g/Nm3

Etapa de tratare:
NO2tr2 0.0016 0.004 N

NO2tr2 0.046

g/Nm3

NOtr2 0.0051 0.0005 N

NOtr2 0.011

g/Nm3

CO2tr2 0.61 0.09 N

CO2tr2 1.6

g/Nm3

COtr2 0.006 0.0007 N

COtr2 0.014

g/Nm3

SO2tr2 0.011

g/Nm3

SO2tr2 3.9 10

6.8 10

CH4tr2 0.006 0.00002 N


5

CH4tr2 6.22 10

N2tr2 2.1 10

7.18 10

praftr2 4.1 10

5.2 10

g/Nm3

N2tr2 9.998 10

praftr2 9.82 10

g/Nm3

g/Nm3

Etapa de transport:
NO2tp2 ( 0.0033 0.002 N)
NOtp2 ( 0.0029 0.0007 N)
CO2tp2 ( 0.2 0.07 N)

praftp2 2.8 10

2500
10

2500
10
7

8.1 10

CH4tp2 ( 0.07 0.004 N)


N2Otp2 3.7 10

10

2500
10

COtp2 ( 0.004 0.0005 N)


SO2tp2 1.16 10

2500

2500
10

2500
10
6

8.2 10

6.2 10

2500
10

2500
10

NO2tp2 6.325

g/Nm3

NOtp2 2.65

g/Nm3

CO2tp2 242.5

g/Nm3

COtp2 2.375

g/Nm3
3

SO2tp2 2.518 10

g/Nm3

CH4tp2 28.5

g/Nm3

N2Otp2 0.032

g/Nm3

praftp2 0.24

g/Nm3

Filiera 3
Etapa de extractie:
NO2ex3 0.06 0.005 N

NO2ex3 0.115

NOex3 0.005 0.0003 N

NOex3 8.3 10

g/Nm3

CO2ex3 0.32 0.08 N

CO2ex3 1.2

g/Nm3

COex3 0.004 0.0002 N

COex3 6.2 10

SO2ex3 7.8 10

2.78 10

CH4ex3 0.2 0.04 N


5

N2Oex3 1.2 10

prafex3 8.5 10

g/Nm3

6.38 10

8.5 10

g/Nm3
4

SO2ex3 1.086 10

g/Nm3

CH4ex3 0.64

g/Nm3
5

N2Oex3 8.218 10

prafex3 1.785 10

Etapa de tratare
NO2tr3 0.006 0.004 N

NO2tr3 0.05

NOtr3 0.001 0.0005 N

NOtr3 6.5 10

CO2tr3 1.2 0.09 N

CO2tr3 2.19

COtr3 0.007 0.0007 N


3

SO2tr3 9.5 10

6.8 10

COtr3 0.015
N

SO2tr3 0.017

CH4tr3 0.006 0.00002 N


5

N2Otr3 0.78 10

praftr3 3.7 10

7.18 10
5

5.2 10

CH4tr3 6.22 10
N

N2Otr3 8.678 10
praftr3 9.42 10

g/Nm3
g/Nm3

Etapa de transport
NO2tp3 ( 0.003 0.002 N)

300
10

NO2tp3 0.75

NOtp3 ( 0.009 0.0007 N)

300
10

NOtp3 0.501

CO2tp3 ( 0.8 0.007 N)

300
300
10

COtp3 ( 0.009 0.0005 N)

SO2tp3 5.2 10

8.1 10

CH4tp3 ( 0.05 0.004 N)

N2Otp3 0.7 10

praftp3 3.6 10

CO2tp3 26.31

10

COtp3 0.435

300
10
6

8.2 10

6.2 10

300
10

CH4tp3 2.82

SO2tp3 4.233 10

300
10

N2Otp3 2.916 10

300
10

praftp3 0.031

CALCULUL maselor de combustibil


Masa de combustibil se determina cu relatia

Mcb

E
g PCI

g randamentul_global
PCI puterea_calorifica_inferioara
E energia

E P daj

unde

daj durata_anuala_de_functionare
daj 8000 15 N

daj 7.835 10

M 8
P 500 5 N 2 M

P 571

E P daj 3600

E 1.611 10

MW
10

MJ

GAZ NATURAL
Pentru gaz natural PCI va fi :

PCIgn CH4 MCH4 C2 H6 MC2H6 C3 H8 MC3H8 C4 H10 MC4H10 gn

MCH4 16

MCO2 44

MC2H6 30

MSO2 64

MC3H8 44

MC4H10 58

MC5H12 72
MH2S 34

CH4 0.816 0.0004 M

CH4 0.819

C2H6 0.023 0.0002 M

C2H6 0.025

C3H8 0.036 0.00003 N

C3H8 0.036

C4H10 0.038 0.00002 N

C4H10 0.038

C5H12 0.0349 0.00005 N

C5H12 0.035
H2S 0.007

CO2 1 ( CH4 C2H6 C3H8 C4H10 C5H12 H2S)


DENSITATEA GAZULUI NATURAL ESTE DATA DE RELATIA:

MCH4 35774

MC3H8 91138

MC2H6 63669

MC4H10 118498

MC5H12 160000

PCIgn ( CH4 MCH4 C2H6 MC2H6 C3H8 MC3H8 C4H10 MC4H10 C5H12 MC5H12) gn

gn

CH4 MCH4 C2H6 MC2H6 C3H8 MC3H8 C4H10 MC4H10 C5H12 MC5H12 CO2 MCO2 H2S MH2S
22.4
4

gn

gn

trunc gn10

gn

10

kj
kg

LIGNIT
Puterea calorifica inferioara a lignitului se calculeaza astfel:

MC 12

MSc 45

MH 1

MO 16

MN 14

MW 18

Puterea calorifica inferiara a gazului natural

PCIgn 8.795 10

Kg

Ci 0.55 0.005N

Ci 0.605

Hi 0.09 0.001 M

Hi 0.082

Sci 0.015 0.0003 N

Sci 0.018
Ni 0.01
Oi 0.01
Wi 0.15

Ai 1 ( Ci Hi Ni Oi Wi)

Ai 0.143

Puterea calorifica inferioara a lignitului

PCIlignit ( 81.3 Ci 243 Hi 15Ni 45.6 Sci 25.3Oi 6 Wi) 418.68

PCIlignit 2.887 10

kj
kg

Filiera 1
TA 0.4 0.003 N

TA 0.433

10

E 1.611 10
Mcb1 1000

E
TA PCIgn

Mcb1 4.229 10

kg

Cantitatea de gaz natural distribuita catre consumator este M`cb:

tp1 0.95 0.003 N

M'cb1

Mcb1
tp1

tp1 0.917

M'cb1 4.612 10

Cantitatea de gaz natural tratat este :

tr1 0.99 0.005 N


M'cb1
M''cb1
tr1

tr1 0.935
5

M''cb1 4.933 10

kg

Cantitatea de gaz natural extras este :

ex1 0.95 0.01 N

M'''ex1

ex1 0.84

M''cb1

M'''ex1 5.872 10

ex1

kg

Filiera 2
TA 0.433
10

E 1.611 10
Mcb2 1000

Mcb2 4.229 10

TA PCIgn

kg

Cantitatea de gaz natural distribuita catre consumator este M`cb:

tp2 0.95 0.003 N


Mcb2
M'cb2
tp2

tp2 0.917
5

M'cb2 4.612 10

kg

Cantitatea de gaz natural tratat este:

tr2 0.99 0.005 N

M''cb2

M'cb2
tr2

tr2 0.935
5

M''cb2 4.933 10

kg

Cantitatea de gaz natural extras este :


ex2 0.95 0.01 N
M'''ex2

M''cb2
ex2

ex2 0.84
5

M'''ex2 5.872 10

kg

Filiera 3

CC 0.5 0.005 N

CC 0.555

10

E 1.611 10
Mcb3 1000

Mcb3 1.005 10

CC PCIlignit

kg

Cantitatea de gaz natural distribuita catre consumator este M'cb:

tp3 0.95 0.005 N


M'cb3

tp3 0.895

Mcb3

M'cb3 1.123 10

tp3

kg

Cantitatea de gaz natural tratat este:

tr3 0.97 0.005 N

M''cb3

tr3 0.915

M'cb3

M''cb3 1.228 10

tr3

kg

Cantitatea de gaz natural extras este :

ex3 0.92 0.005 N

M'''ex3

ex3 0.865

M''cb3

M'''ex3 1.419 10

ex3

Indicatori de impact
1 Gaze cu efect de sera :
GWP

mi GWPi

era 0.9+0.002N

kgco2efectiv

kg

GWPCO2 1

GWPCH4 21
GWPN2O 280

kgco2efectiv

kgco2efectiv
kgco2efectiv

FILIERA 1

GWPex1 ( CO2ex1 GWPCO2 CH4ex1 GWPCH4 N2Oex1 GWPN2O )


GWPex1 6.029

M''cb1
gn1000

kgCO2echiv

GWPtp1 ( CO2tp1 GWPCO2 CH4tp1 GWPCH4 N2Otp1 GWPN2O )


GWPtp1 42.851

gn1000

kgCO2echiv

GWPtr1 ( CO2tr1 GWPCO2 CH4tr1 GWPCH4 NO2tr1 GWPN2O )


GWPtr1 3.595

M'''ex1

M'cb1
gn1000

kgCO2echiv

FILIERA 2

GWPex2 ( CO2ex2 GWPCO2 CH4ex2 GWPCH4 N2Oex2 GWPN2O )


GWPex2 6.243

gn1000

kgCO2echiv

GWPtr2 ( CO2tr2 GWPCO2 CH4tr2 GWPCH4 N2tr2 GWPN2O )


GWPtr2 0.438

M'''ex2

kgCO2echiv

M''cb2
gn1000

APex1
[ SO2ex1
APSO2 GWPCO2
NO2ex1 APNO2
NOex1
APNO ( NO2ex1
NOex1
) APNOX
GWPtp2
( CO2tp2
CH4tp2
GWPCH4
N2Otp2
GWPN2O
) ]

M'cb2
M'''ex1

gn1000
gn
1000

GWPtp2 197.815

kgCO2echiv

FILIERA 3

GWPex3 ( CO2ex3 GWPCO2 CH4ex3 GWPCH4 N2Oex3 GWPN2O )


GWPex3 2.081 10

M'''ex3
1000

kgCO2echiv

GWPtr3 ( CO2tr3 GWPCO2 CH4tr3 GWPCH4 N2Otr3 GWPN2O )


GWPtr3 2.879 10

M''cb3
1000

kgCO2echiv

GWPtp3 ( CO2tp3 GWPCO2 CH4tp3 GWPCH4 N2Otp3 GWPN2O )


GWPtp3 9.699 10

kgCO2echiv

Acidificarea

AP

miAP i

APSO2 1
APNO2 0.7

APNO 1.07
APNOX 0.7

Filiera 1

APex1 0.033

kg SO2echiv
uF

M'cb3
1000

APtr1 [ SO2tr1 APSO2 NO2tr1 APNO2 NOtr1 APNO ( NO2tr1 NOtr1) APNOX]

M''cb1
gn1000

APtr2 [ SO2tr2 APSO2 NO2tr2 APNO2 NOtr2 APNO ( NO2tr2 NOtr2) APNOX]

APtr1 0.023

M''cb2
gn1000

kg SO2echiv
uF

APtp1 0.606

kg SO2echiv
uF

APtp1 [ SO2tp1 APSO2 NO2tp1 APNO2 NOtp1 APNO ( NO2tp1 NOtp1) APNOX]

M'cb1
gn1000

Filiera 2

APex2 0.036

kg SO2echiv

APex2 [ SO2ex2 APSO2 NO2ex2 APNO2uF NOex2 APNO ( NO2ex2 NOex2) APNOX]

APtr2 0.023

kg SO2echiv
uF

M'''ex2
gn1000

APtp3 [ SO2tp3 APSO2 NO2tp3 APNO2 NOtp3 APNO ( NO2tp3 NOtp3) APNOX]

M'cb3
1000

APtp2 [ SO2tp2 APSO2 NO2tp2 APNO2 NOtp2 APNO ( NO2tp2 NOtp2) APNOX]

M'cb2
gn1000

kg SO2echiv

APtp2 3.153

uF

Filiera 3

M'''ex3
APex3 [ SO2ex3 APSO2 NO2ex3
APNO2 NOex3 APNO ( NO2ex3 NOex3) APNOX]
kg
SO2echiv
APex3 125.911
gn1000

uF

M''cb3

APtr3
7.705
[ SO2tr3APSO2
NO2tr3 APNO2 NOtp3 APNO ( NO2tr3 NOtr3) APNOX]
APtr3
10
kgSO2echiv
1000

uF

APtp3 2.176 10

kgSO2echiv
uF

3) Poluarea fotochimica
POCPCH4 0.006

POCPCO 0.027

POCPpraf 0.045

Filiera 1

POCPex1 ( COex1 POCPCO CH4ex1 POCPCH4 prafex1 POCPpraf )

M'''ex1
gn1000

POCPex1 1.705 10

kgCH4echiv

POCPtr1 ( COtr1 POCPCO CH4tr1 POCPCH4 praftr1 POCPpraf )


4

POCPtr1 5.673 10

M''cb1
gn1000

kgCH4echiv

POCPtp1 ( COtp1 POCPCO CH4tp1 POCPCH4 praftp1 POCPpraf )


POCPtp1 0.013

M'cb1
gn1000

kgCH4echiv

Filiera 2

POCPex2 ( COex2 POCPCO CH4ex2 POCPCH4 prafex2 POCPpraf )


3

POCPex2 1.757 10

M''cb2
gn1000

kgCH4echiv

POCPtp2 ( COtp2 POCPCO CH4tp2 POCPCH4 praftp2 POCPpraf )


POCPtp2 0.057

gn1000

kgCH4echiv

POCPtr2 ( COtr2 POCPCO CH4tr2 POCPCH4 praftr2 POCPpraf )


POCPtr2 1.124 10

M'''ex2

M'cb2
gn1000

kgCH4echiv

Filiera 3

POCPex3 ( COex3 POCPCO CH4ex3 POCPCH4 prafex3 POCPpraf )


POCPex3 2.928

kgCH4echiv

M'''ex3
gn1000

POCPtr3 ( COtr3 POCPCO CH4tr3 POCPCH4 praftr3 POCPpraf )


POCPtr3 0.295

M''cb3
gn1000

kgCH4echiv

POCPtp3 ( COtp3 POCPCO CH4tp3 POCPCH4 praftp3 POCPpraf )


POCPtp3 17.047

M'cb3
gn1000

kgCH4echiv

4) Eutrofizarea

NP

mi NPi

Se cunosc:

NPNO2 0.13

Filiera 1

M'''ex1

NPex1 ( NO2ex1 NPNO2 NOex1 NPNO )


3

NPex1 3.146 10

kgPO4echiv

NPtr1 ( NO2tr1 NPNO2 NOtr1 NPNO )


3

NPtr1 1.979 10

M''cb1
gn1000

kgPO4echiv

NPtp1 ( NO2tr1 NPNO2 NOtr1 NPNO )


NPtp1 1.851 10

gn1000

M'cb1
gn1000

kgPO4echiv

NPNO 0.2

Filiera 2

M'''ex2

NPex2 ( NO2ex2 NPNO2 NOex2 NPNO )


3

NPex2 3.441 10

gn1000

kgPO4echiv

M''cb2

NPtr2 ( NO2tr2 NPNO2 NOtr2 NPNO )


3

NPtr2 2.003 10

kgPO4echiv

NPtp2 ( NO2tr2 NPNO2 NOtr2 NPNO )


3

NPtp2 1.873 10

gn1000

M'cb2
gn1000

kgPO4echiv

Filiera 3

M'''ex3

NPex3 ( NO2ex3 NPNO2 NOex3 NPNO )


NPex3 11.896

kgPO4echiv

NPtr3 ( NO2tr3 NPNO2 NOtr3 NPNO )


NPtr3 4.832

M''cb3
gn1000

kgPO4echiv

NPtp3 ( NO2tr3 NPNO2 NOtr3 NPNO )


NPtp3 4.422

gn1000

kgPO4echiv

M'cb3
gn1000

5) Consumul de resurse naturale


kgSB

ADPgn 0.0187

ADPlignit 0.19

Nm

kgSB
kg

Filiera 1

ADP1 ADPgn

M'''ex1

kgSB

ADP1 5.542

gn

uf

Filiera 2

ADP2 ADPgn

M'''ex2

kgSB

ADP2 5.542

gn

uf

Filiera 3

ADP3 ADPlignit

M'''ex3
gn

ADP3 1.361 10

kgSB
uf

Calculul emisiilor in etapa de combustie


mSO2 20 Sci 1 ' 1 ''

( kg)

Sci - continutul de Sulf din combustibil


'
''

0.15 fractia de oxizi de sulft limitata in instalatia de desprafuire


fractia de oxizi de sulft absorbita in particule de cenusa zburatoare
carbune 0.2
gaz natural 0.5

Filiera 1

Sc1 0.00007

32
34

Sc1 6.588 10

mSO2.1 20 Sc1 Mcb1 ( 1 0.015) ( 1 0.5)

mSO 2.1 274.451

kgSO2

Filiera 2

Sc2 0.00007

32
34

Sc2 6.588 10

mSO2.2 20 Sc2 Mcb2 ( 1 0.015) ( 1 0.5)

mSO 2.2 274.451

kgSO2

Filiera 3

Sc3 0.00007

32

Sc3 6.588 10

34

mSO2.3 20 Sc3 Mcb3 ( 1 0.015) ( 1 0.5)

mSO 2.3 6.524 10

Emisia de oxizi de azot


Pentru gaz natural
q4 0.01
1 0.85

coeficient dependent de natura combustibilului

2 0.03

coeficient ce tine seama de influenta recircularii

3 1

coeficient ce tine seama de influenta tipului de arzator

grad de recirculare

Hi 43918.92
r 0.25 N 0.005

Fie k - coeficient de sarcina:

i1 3500
i2 2200

r 0.195

kgSO2

mg 0.9
3

Dn 3.6

P 10

Dn 1.757 10

( i1 i2) mg

12 Dn

t
h

k 10.774

200 Dn

Filiera 1

1 0.85
mNO 2.1 0.034 1 k Mcb1 Hi 1 q4 0.01 1 2 r 3
mNO 2.1 5.749 10

Filiera 2

mNO 2.2 0.034 2 k Mcb2 Hi 1 q4 0.01 1 2 r 3


mNO 2.1 5.749 10

Filiera 3

Pentru carbune
kNO2
f 1.4

kT NO2 kC NO2
f coeficientul_de_exces_aer

Tf1 temperatura_flacari
Tgt 1873
Tf0 1273

Tf1 0.925 Tgt Tf0

Tf1 1.428 10

64500

Tf1 0.925 Tgt T16


f 0 Tf1
0.45 10 e
kNO2T

f 1
f

kNO2T 1.556 10

Tf1

kC NO2
XN 10

0.7 XN N r 0 w
Ni
PCIlignit

p
6

XN 3.464 10

N =coeficient de influenta a excesului de aer


P = coeficient de influenta a proportiei de aer
r = coeficient de influenta a gradului de recirculare
0 = coeficient de influenta a temperaturii flacarii
w = coeficient de influenta a amestecarii jeturilor
i 1.2

N 0.35 i 0.4

N 0.672

p 0.2
p 1.73 p 0.48
r 1 0.016 r

p 0.826

1
2

r 0.993
1

0 0.11 ( Tf1 1100)

0 0.024

kw 2.4
2

w 0.4 kw 0.32

w 2.624

kNO2C 0.7 XN N p r 0 w

kNO2C 8.463 10
6

kNO2 kNO2T kNO2C

kNO2 1.64 10

mNO 2.3 Mcb3 PCIlignit kNO2

mNO 2.3 4.76 10

Emisia de cenusa
Enm M A( 1 x) ( 1 y)
x gradul_de_retinere

x 0.15

y randamentul_electrofillului

y 0.98

Enm AMcb3 ( 1 x) ( 1 y)

Enm 1.709 10 A

kg

Emisia de CO

ET CO ECO M

gn

Filiera 1

mg

ECOgn 150

Nm
ECOT1 ECOgn

Mcb1

ECOT1 0.032

gn10

kg

Filiera 2
ECOgn 150

mg
3

Nm
ECOT2 ECOgn

Mcb2
gn10

ECOT2 0.032

kg

Filiera 3
mg

ECOcarb 250

Nm

ECOT3 ECOcarb

Mcb3
10

ECOT3 2.513 10

Emisia de praf

ET praf Epraf M
mg

Eprafgn 5

Nm

Filiera 1

EprafT1 5

Mcb1

EprafT1 1.067 10

10 gn

Filiera 2
EprafT2 5

Mcb2

10 gn

EprafT2 1.067 10

Filiala 3
EprafT3 5

Mcb3
6

10 gn

Emisia de CO2

EprafT3 2.537

kg

Pentru gaz natural:


i

Mc

GCH4 100

MCH4

GCH4 =participatia volumica a CH4

GCH4

MCH4 XCH4 1
Mam

Mam Mi Xi
MCO2 44

MCH4 16

MSO2 64

MC2H 30

MC5H12 72
MH2S 34

MC4H10 58

MC3H8 44

Mam CH4 MCH4 C2H6 MC2H6 C3H8 MC3H8 C4H10 MC4H10 C5H12 MC5H12 CO2 MCO2 H2S MH2S

Mam 1.588 10

GCH4 MCH4
Ci

CH4
Mam

MC
GCH4 100
MCH4

kg

GCH4 8.255 10
Ci 0.619

Filiera 1
Ci
Mcb1
100

Cam1

ECO 2.1 Cam1 3.67

Cam1 2.619 10

ECO 2.1 9.61 10

Kg
3

Kg

Filiera 2
Ci
Mcb2
100

Cam2

Cam2 2.619 10

ECO 2.2 9.61 10

ECO 2.2 Cam2 3.67

Filiera 3
Cam3 CiMcb3
ECO 2.3 Cam3 3.67

Cam3 6.225 10

kg

ECO 2.3 2.284 10

kg

Calculul indicatorilor de impact pentru etapa de combustie


1 )

GWP miGWPi

GWPCO2 1

Filiera 1
GWPcb1 GWPCO2 ECO 2.1

GWPcb1 9.61 10

GWPcb2 9.61 10

kgCO2echiv
F

Filiera 2
GWPcb2 GWPCO2 ECO 2.2
Filiera 3

kgCO2echiv
F

GWPcb3 GWPCO2 ECO 2.3

GWPcb3 2.284 10

kgCO2echiv
F

AP mi APi

Filiera 1
APcb1 APNO2 mNO 2.1 APSO2 mSO 2.1

APcb1 4.024 10

Filiera 2
APcb2 APNO2 mNO 2.2 APSO2 mSO 2.2

APcb2 1.42 10

Filiera 3
APcb3 APNO2 mNO 2.3 APSO2 mSO 2.3

3)

POCP mi POCPi

Filiera 1
POCPcb1 POCPCO ECOT1 POCPpraf EprafT1
4

POCPcb1 9.124 10
Filiera 2

POCPcb2 POCPCO ECOT2 POCPpraf EprafT2


4

POCPcb2 9.124 10
Filiera 3

APcb3 3.397 10

POCPcb3 POCPCO ECOT3 POCPpraf EprafT3

4) NP mi

POCPcb3 6.786 10

NPi

Filiera 1
NPcb1 NPNO2 mNO 2.1

NPcb1 7.473 10

Filiera 2
NPcb2 NPNO2 mNO 2.2

NPcb2 2.638 10

Filiera 3
NPcb3 NPNO2 mNO 2.3

NPcb3 6.188 10

Valorile totale ale indicilor de impact pentru cele 3


filiere
Etapa de extractie:

GWPex1 GWPex2 GWPex3

APex2

NPex1

NPex2

APex3
Tabel1
POCPex1 POCPex2 POCPex3

APex1

NPex3

6.029

6.243

7
2.081 10

0.033

0.036

125.911

Tabel1

1.705 10

1.757 10

2.928

3
3
3.441 10
3.146 10

11.896

Etapa de tratare

GWPtr1 GWPtr2 GWPtr3

APtr1

APtr2

NPtr1

NPtr2

APtr3
POCPtr1 POCPtr2 POCPtr3

Tabel2

Filiere 1

Filiere 2

3.595

0.023

Tabel2

5.673 10

1.979 10

NPtr3
Filiere 3

0.438

6
2.879 10

0.023

7.705 10
4

1.124 10

2.003 10

0.295

4.832

Etapa de transport

GWPtp1 GWPtp2 GWPtp3

APtp2

NPtp1

NPtp2

APtp3
Tabel3
POCPtp1 POCPtp2 POCPtp3

APtp1

NPtp3

Filiere42.851
1 Filiere 2 Filiere
3
197.815

7
9.699 10

0.606

3.153

6
2.176 10

0.013

0.057

17.047

Tabel3

3
3
1.873 10
1.851 10

4.422

Etapa de combustie

GWPcb1 GWPcb2 GWPcb3

APcb1

APcb2

NPcb1

NPcb2

APcb3
POCPcb1 POCPcb2 POCPcb3

Tabel4

Filiere 1

Filiere 2

9.61 103

4.024 10

9.124 10

7.473 10

Filiere 3

9
2.284 10

9.61 10

Tabel4

NPcb3

1.42 10

3.397 10

9.124 10

2.638 10

6.786 10
6

Tabel5 Tabel1 Tabel2 Tabel3 Tabel4


Filiere 2

Filiere 3

9.663 103 9.815 103 2.405 109

4.024 109 1.42 108 3.692 107

Tabel5

0.016
8

7.473 10

6.806 10

0.06
7

2.638 10

6.188 10

TOTAL

Filiere 1

6.188 10

si bordam cu vectorul linie format de valorila ADP:

Tabel5' ( ADP1 ADP2 ADP3 )

Tabel6 stack ( Tabel5 Tabel5' )


Filiere 1

Filiere 2

Filiere 3

9.663 103 9.815 103 2.405 109

4.024 10

Tabel6

0.016

1.42 10
0.06

3.692 10

6.806 10

8
7
6
7.473 10 2.638 10 6.188 10

5.542

5.542

1.361 10

Concluzii :
Din tabele se observa ca in etapa de extractie cel mai mare poluator este Filiera 3 pentru
etapa de
tratare tot Filiera 3, la etapa de transport impactul cel mai mare il are Filiera 2 iar la etapa de
combustie
Filiera 1 si Filiera2 ( aici intalnim valori mari ale indicatorilor AP si NP ).
Cele mai multe gaze cu efect de sera sunt produse de Filiera 3, insa Filierele 1 si 2 au
indicatorii
AP si NP mult mai ridicati ca Filiera 3

Alegerea solutiei optime:


Pentru a stabili solutia optima din punct de vedere al criteriilor alese (filiera de producere cu
impactul cel
mai mic asupra mediului inconjurator) trebuie ca analiza efectuata sa satisfaca doua teste:
testul de concordanta
testul de disconcordanta
Matrice de evaluare:

Meval Tabel6

9.663 103 4.024 109

Meval 9.815 103 1.42 108

0.016

7.473 10

0.06

2.638 10

5.542

5.542

2.405 109 3.692 107 6.806 103 6.188 106 1.361 105

P ( 4 8 2 7 10 )

Vectorul ponderilor:

Matricea de evaluare normalizata:

Me stack ( Meval P)

9.663 103 4.024 109

9.815 103 1.42 108

Me

7.473 10

0.016

2.638 10

0.06

5.542

5.542

2.405 10 3.692 10 6.806 10 6.188 10 1.361 10


9

Meval0

Meval2 0

Meval0

Mn
Meval2 0

0
Meval
Meval2 0

10

Meval1

Meval2

Meval3

Meval1 1

Meval1 2

Meval1 3

Meval1

Meval1 1

1
1
Meval1

Meval
1

Meval2

Meval1 2 1
Meval2

Meval
1

Meval3

Meval1 3 1
Meval3

Meval
1

Meval4


Meval2 4 1

Meval4

Meval
2

Mnorm stack ( Mn P)

4.018 10 6 28.333

4.081 10

Mnorm

28.333 4.072 10

0.265
1

4.072 10

0.26

1.134 10

0.235

10

Meval4

Meval2 4 0

Calculul matricei de concordanta:


PT 4 8 2 7 10

PT 31
c 0.5

Calculul matricei de concordanta:

C12

0 0
21

C13

8 7 0
31

C21

8 7 2 10 4 0
31

C23

8 7 2 0
31

C31

C32

( 10 4 2) 0
31
10 4 0
31

Cik C21

C12 C23
0

C C
31 32

C23

Cik

0.548

0.548

0.516 0.452

JGWP21 Mnorm1 0 Mnorm0 0

JGWP21 6.321 10

JAP21 Mnorm1 1 Mnorm0 1

JAP21 27.333

JPOCP21 Mnorm1 2 Mnorm0 2

JPOCP21 0.735

JNP21 Mnorm1 3 Mnorm0 3

JNP21 27.333

JADP21 Mnorm1 4 Mnorm0 4

JADP21 0

Jmax21 max( JGWP21 JAP21 JPOCP21 JNP21 JADP21)

Jmax21 0.735

GWP 1 min Mnorm0 0 Mnorm1 0 Mnorm2 0

GWP 1

AP 1 min Mnorm0 1 Mnorm1 1 Mnorm2 1

AP 0.74

POCP 1 min Mnorm0 2 Mnorm1 2 Mnorm2 2

POCP 0.735

NP 1 min Mnorm0 3 Mnorm1 3 Mnorm2 3

NP 0.765

ADP 1 min Mnorm0 4 Mnorm1 4 Mnorm2 4

Jmax21

D12

POCP

ADP 1

D12 1

JGWP31 Mnorm2 0 Mnorm0 0

JGWP31 1

JPOCP31 Mnorm2 2 Mnorm0 2

JPOCP31 1.134 10

JADP31 Mnorm2 4 Mnorm0 4

JADP31 1

Jmax31 max( JGWP31 JPOCP31 JADP31)

Jmax31

D13

ADP

Jmax31 1.134 10

D13 1.134 10

D21 0
JGWP32 Mnorm2 0 Mnorm1 0

JGWP32 1

JADP32 Mnorm2 4 Mnorm1 4

JADP32 1

Jmax32 max( JGWP32 JADP32)

Jmax32 1

Jmax32

D23

ADP

D23 1

JAP13 Mnorm0 1 Mnorm2 1

JAP13 28.073

JNP13 Mnorm0 3 Mnorm2 3

JNP13 28.099

Jmax13 max( JAP13 JNP13)

Jmax13 28.099

1
Jmax13
NP

D31

D31 36.711

JAP23 Mnorm1 1 Mnorm2 1

JAP23 0.74

JPOCP23 Mnorm1 2 Mnorm2 2

JPOCP23 1.134 10

JNP23 Mnorm1 3 Mnorm2 3


Jmax23 max( JAP23 JPOCP23 JNP23)

1
Jmax23
NP

D32

Matricea de nondisconcordanta este:

JNP23 0.765
Jmax23 0.765

D32 1

Md D21

D12 D13
0

D D
31 32

Md

D23

Pragul de disconcordanta este

5
1 1.134 10

0
1

36.711 1

d 0.5

Cum D21<d ==> grupa (F1,F2) satisface testul de nondiscordanta ==> Filiera 1 surclaseaza Filiera 2
Filiera 1 este solutia optima. Aceasta se bazeaza pe extractia gazului natural din bazinul Transilvaniei si
producerea energiei electrice intr-o turbina cu aburi in condensatie