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NAME:

Grammar Revision

_______________________________

_

Articles:

  • 1. In Spanish we have 4 ways of saying “The” they are “el, la, los, las”. We also have 4 ways of saying “a, an” or “some”: “un, una, unos, unas”. Plot the Spanish in the boxes.

THE

Masculine

Feminine

Singular

Plural

 

A, AN, SOME

Masculine

Feminine

Singular

Plural

  • 2. Look at this sentences, they all have the Spanish for “the”. them so that it says “a, an” or “some” instead.

Change

NAME: Grammar Revision _______________________________ _ Articles: 1. In Spanish we have 4 ways of saying “The”

El elefante

  • a.

_____________un

elefante _____________

  • b. La jirafa ____________________________________

  • c. La araña

____________________________________

  • d. Los cocodrilos

____________________________________

  • e. Los peces

____________________________________

  • f. El hipopótamo ____________________________________

  • g. Los gorilas

____________________________________

  • h. La piraña

____________________________________

Making the plural

  • 3. Read the reminder box and then make the plural of these phrases.

  • a. Un hermano ___

unos

hermanos

  • b. Un gato

___

___________________

  • c. El papel

___________________

  • d. El león

 

___________________

  • e. Una casa

 

___________________

  • f. Un ratón

 

___________________

La clase

  • g. ___________________

  • h. Un televisor

Making the plural

Add “s” to words that end in a vowel. Add “es” to words that end in a consonant. Remember to change the

___________________

Adjectives

 
  • a. big ______

Grande

 

d.

Inteligente

_______________

____

 

_

  • b. Alto

e.

Amarillo

 
 

_____________

 

________________

 
 
  • c. Hablador _____________

f.

Alemán

 

________________

 

5.

Read the reminder box and then make the feminine of the adjectives

 

given.

   
 

Getting the gender of adjectives

   

Masculine form

Feminine

right

 

form

   

1.

hablador

 

In Spanish all adjectives have a

 

2.

azul

masculine form and a feminine form. We

 

3.

rojo

use the masculine to describe masculine

4.

negro

nouns and the feminine to describe

 

5.

grande

feminine nouns.

 

6.

viejo

 

7.

 
 

If the masc. ends

The feminine form:

 

inteligente

 

in:

8.

estricto

- O

Changes to -A

 

9.

pequeño

-L,- S, -E,- N

There is no change

 

10.marrón

 

(except nationalities)

11.dificil

 

-R

Add an –A

 

12.bueno

 
 

6.

Can you work out the English meaning of the adjectives in exercise

 

5? Use your book and your common sense!

 

1.

5.

9.

2.

6.

10.

3.

7.

11.

4.

8.

12.

 

7.

Using the table in exercise 5 how would you say these in Spanish?

Use the vocabulary in your exercise book and in exercises 2 and 3 in

this sheet

  • a) a small cat

  • b) a strict sister

  • c) a big gorilla

  • e) an old giraffe

a small mouse

  • i) a tall giraffe

  • k) a yellow paper

  • l) a brown lion

  • j) a chatty brother

REMEMBER! In Spanish adjectives go AFTER the noun they describe, not before!!
REMEMBER!
In Spanish adjectives
go AFTER the noun
they describe, not
before!!
a. big ______ Grande  d. Inteligente _______________ ____ _ b. Alto e. Amarillo _____________ ________________this time saying TW O Both the noun and the adjective will need to be plural! a. Dos gato s pequeño s g. " id="pdf-obj-1-308" src="pdf-obj-1-308.jpg">

_________un

gato pequeño ________

______________________________

  • d) a green crocodile

______________________________

_____________________________

_____________________________

  • f) a difficult class _____________________________

  • g) ______________________________

  • h) an intelligent spider ______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

a. big ______ Grande  d. Inteligente _______________ ____ _ b. Alto e. Amarillo _____________ ________________this time saying TW O Both the noun and the adjective will need to be plural! a. Dos gato s pequeño s g. " id="pdf-obj-1-339" src="pdf-obj-1-339.jpg">
  • BEWARE! instead of one.

a. big ______ Grande  d. Inteligente _______________ ____ _ b. Alto e. Amarillo _____________ ________________this time saying TW O Both the noun and the adjective will need to be plural! a. Dos gato s pequeño s g. " id="pdf-obj-1-344" src="pdf-obj-1-344.jpg">

Now rewrite the Spanish phrases of exercise 7, this time saying TWO

a. big ______ Grande  d. Inteligente _______________ ____ _ b. Alto e. Amarillo _____________ ________________this time saying TW O Both the noun and the adjective will need to be plural! a. Dos gato s pequeño s g. " id="pdf-obj-1-350" src="pdf-obj-1-350.jpg">
a. big ______ Grande  d. Inteligente _______________ ____ _ b. Alto e. Amarillo _____________ ________________this time saying TW O Both the noun and the adjective will need to be plural! a. Dos gato s pequeño s g. " id="pdf-obj-1-352" src="pdf-obj-1-352.jpg">

Both the

noun and

the

adjective

will need to

be plural!

a. big ______ Grande  d. Inteligente _______________ ____ _ b. Alto e. Amarillo _____________ ________________this time saying TW O Both the noun and the adjective will need to be plural! a. Dos gato s pequeño s g. " id="pdf-obj-1-372" src="pdf-obj-1-372.jpg">
a. big ______ Grande  d. Inteligente _______________ ____ _ b. Alto e. Amarillo _____________ ________________this time saying TW O Both the noun and the adjective will need to be plural! a. Dos gato s pequeño s g. " id="pdf-obj-1-374" src="pdf-obj-1-374.jpg">
a. big ______ Grande  d. Inteligente _______________ ____ _ b. Alto e. Amarillo _____________ ________________this time saying TW O Both the noun and the adjective will need to be plural! a. Dos gato s pequeño s g. " id="pdf-obj-1-376" src="pdf-obj-1-376.jpg">

a.

Dos gatos pequeños

g.

b.

h.

c.

i.

d.

j.

e.

k.

f.

l.

Personal Pronouns

b. h. c. i. d. j. e. k. f. l. Personal Pronouns 9. These talk about____ f. Es __________________________________ g. Son ______________________________ ____ 11. Now use the table to find the Spanish for: a. She is called __________________________________ b. You (plural) have ______________________________ ____ c. We are __________________________________ d. I speak __________________________________ e. You (singular) are ______________________________ ____ f. They speak ______________________________ ____ g. We speak __________________________________ h. I have __________________________________ M e llamo Scotty. Soy 12. Look at what the dog says, rewrite it as if you we re his owner . p equeño y simpático y soy de color marrón. Tengo los ojos muy inteligente. grandes y negros y soy You will have to change all the underlined verbs acc ordingly!! " id="pdf-obj-2-34" src="pdf-obj-2-34.jpg">

9. These talk about who does the action in a sentence.

What do these mean? Look back at your grammar notes earlier in the

year and write the English pronouns from the box alongside the

correct Spanish one.

 

Yo

 
 

___________________________________

 
 

 

I

 

___________________________________

   
 

Él /ella

 

We

 

___________________________________

   
 

Nosotros/nosotras

 

___________________________________

 

You

Vosotros/vosotras

 

(singular)

Ellos/ellas

 

___________________________________

 

___________________________________

You (plural)

   

He/she/it

10.

Look at the verb tables, how would you say in English?

They

 
 

Tener (to

 

Ser (to be)

Hablar (to

 

Llamarse (to

have)

 

speak)

be called)

 

Yo

Tengo

 

Soy

 

Hablo

Me llamo

Tienes

 

Eres

 

Hablas

Te llamas

Él/ella

Tiene

 

Es

Habla

Se llama

Nosotros

Tenemos

 

Somos

 

Hablamos

Nos llamamos

(as)

Vosotros

Tenéis

 

Sois

 

Habláis

Os llamáis

(as)

Ellos(as)

tienen

 

son

 

hablan

Se llaman

a.

Te llamas

 

You

are called

 

b.

Tenemos

___________

We

have

____________

 

c.

___________

________________

Tengo __________________________________

 

d.

Hablan __________________________________

e.

Se llaman __________________________________

 

f.

Es

 

__________________________________

 
 

g.

Son

__________________________________

 

11.

Now use the table to find the Spanish for:

 

a.

She is called __________________________________

b.

You (plural) have __________________________________

 

c.

We are __________________________________

 

d.

I speak

__________________________________

e.

You (singular) are __________________________________

 

f.

They speak

 

__________________________________

g.

We speak __________________________________

 

h.

I have

__________________________________

12.

Look at what the dog says, rewrite it as if you were his owner .

soy de color marrón. Tengo los ojos muy inteligente.
soy de color marrón.
Tengo los ojos
muy inteligente.

grandes y negros y soy

You will have to change all the underlined verbs accordingly!!

Mi perro se llama Scotty. Es ___________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________