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Ore JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section Design Against Local and Distortional Buckling (EN1993-1-3) + EXAMPLE 1: Calculation of effective section properties for a cold- formed lipped channel section in bending The dimensions of the cross section and the material properties are: h=150mm Total height Total width of flange in compression Total width of flange in tension Total width of edge fold Internal radius Nominal thickness Steel core thickness (§§2.4.2.3) Basic yield strength Modulus of elasticity Poisson’s ratio Partial factor (§§2.3.1) ¢=0.96 mm Sy =350 N/mm? E=210000 N/mm* v=03 ¥uo=1.00 JL acs ‘ as Oath L@s Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending + EXAMPLE 1: Calculation of effective section properties for a cold- formed lipped channel section in bending The dimensions of the section centre line are: C=) Web height A, =f by = 150 -1=149 mm Width of flange in compression b,, = b, ~1,,,, =47—1=46mm Width of flange in tension Dy = ds = bom = 41-1 = 40 mm Width of edge fold Cy) =C— Ly, /2=16—-1/2 = 15.5mm Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending Checking of geometrical proportions bjt < 60 b, /t=47/0.96 = 48.96 < 60 - OK eft <50 c/t =16/0.96 =16.67 <50 — OK h/t <500 h/t =150/0.96 = 156.25 < 500 —OK 0.2 [,=457.32 mm* @ 5 ug Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the flange and lip in compression L (ee Jats the elastic critical buckling stress for the edge stiffener is A, =29.126mm? K =0.161N/mm*> 1, = 457.32 mm* 2/KET, G3 Zw, L (ee Je Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the flange and lip in compression the elastic critical buckling stress for the edge stiffeneris “S=<% A, =29.126mm? cena K =0.161N/mm* a 1, =45732 mm! vo. ; _, = 2 VO.161%210000%457.32 _ 979.011 N/mm? : 29.126 Be | faves ~ Ee JL acs 4 a Oath L@ Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the flange and lip in compression the elastic critical buckling stress for the edge stiffener is A, =29.126mm? K =0.161N/mm*> 1, = 457.32 mm* _ 2x /0.161x210000x457.32 ee 29.126 Thickness reduction factor 7, for the edge stiffener Ha =1.0 if 4, <0.65 2/KET, G3 Zw, = 270.011 N/mm? Xa =141-0.7234, if 0.65< A, <1.38 Ly =0.66/2, if A, 21.38 JL acs 4 a Oath L@ Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the flange and lip in compression the elastic critical buckling stress for the edge stiffener is A, =29.126mm? K =0.161N/mm*> 1, = 457.32 mm* _ 2x /0.161x210000x457.32 ee 29.126 2/KET, G3 Zw, = 270.011 N/mm? Thickness reduction factor y, for the edge stiffener Ha =1.0 if 4, <0.65 L, =1.47-0.723/, if 0.65<2Z, <1.38 Ly =0.66/2, if A, 21.38 The relative slenderness: a econ = /350/270.011 =1.139 JL acs -@..00 + Or Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the flange and lip in compression the elastic critical buckling stress for the edge stiffener is A, =29.126mm? cena K =0.161N/mm? a 1, =45732 mm! _ 2x -J0.161x 210000 x 457.32 | 29.126 Thickness reduction factor y, for the edge stiffener Ha =1.0 if 4, <0.65 = 270.011 N/mm? Z, =1.47-0.7232, if 0.65<2, <1.38 Ly =0.66/2, if 2, 21.38 The relative slenderness: a econ = /350/270.011 =1.139 The reduction factor %, = 1.47 —0.723x1.139 = 0.646 @ 5 ug Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the flange and lip in compression L (ee Jats the reduction factor for buckling of the stiffener is 74 < 1 Ha =0.646 Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending the reduction factor for buckling of the stiffener is x; < 1 Hi =0.646 JL acs Effective section properties of the flange and lip in compression iterate to refine the value iterations are carried out based on modified values of p Soom sts = Kafyo|Yuo and Ay rat = Aya Initial values (iteration 1): Ha = 9.646 b, =17.57 mm = Cg =12.77 mm Final values (iteration n): b,. =b,»,, = 20.736mm Coy = Cogn = 12.77 mm JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the flange and lip in compression Final values of effective properties for flange and lip 7 in compression are: 6, =17.57 mm b,, = 20.736 mm Gq =12.77 mm bey = U7, = 0,960,614 = 0.589 mm = os fe! Fao cE Ldn ae PS ; eee st] = 7 bas a & aa e ea LOAN Lo JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending Final values of effective properties for flange and lip in compression are: 6, =17.57 mm b,, = 20.736 mm Cg =12.77 mm tog = ty =0,96x 0,614 = 0.589 mm hye! %o z Effective section properties of the flange and lip in compression JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the web The position of the neutral axis with regard to the flange in compression: h- ¢,(h, —¢, /2) +8, +8, /2+ Cy? Xa /2 oe c, +b, +h, +b, + (Bs +0 )xa JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the web The position of the neutral axis with regard to the flange in compression: Cpl lty =p /2) +Bpay + hy: [2+ Cup? al? / = 9.5 mm. c, +b, +h, +b, +(b. +C,9 ta The stress ratio: h IS JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the web The position of the neutral axis with regard to the flange in compression: Cpl lty =p /2) +Bpay + hy: [2+ Cup? al? / = 9.5 mm. c, +b, +h, +b, +(b. +C,9 ta The stress ratio: h IS The buckling factor k, =7.81-6.29y + 9.78’ = 20.76 JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the web The position of the neutral axis with regard to the flange in compression: pee Sp /2) + bya hy + hy? [2+ ag” tale _ 79.5 mm Pe ees en ae ta The stress ratio: The buckling factor k, =7.81-6.29y + 9.78’ = 20.76 The relative slenderness: ee 149/0.96 wT a oh 98.46 Jk, 284x.f235/350x 20.76 ' @ & ug Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the web The aa reduction factor is: nee 1.464° ph JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the web The width reduction factor is: The effective width of the zone in compression of the web is: Ng = ph, =0.629x79.5=50mm PR : JL acs 4 Ooty L Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the web The width reduction factor is: The effective width of the zone in compression of the web is: Ng = Ph, =0.629x79.5=50mm Near the flange in compression: h, =0.4h, =0.4x50=20 mm Near the neutral axis: hy =0.6hy =0.6%50 =30mm JL acs 4 a Oath L@ Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties of the web The width reduction factor is: The effective width of the zone in compression of the web is: Ng = Ph, =0.629x79.5=50mm Near the flange in compression: hy, =04h,, =0.4x50=20 mm Near the neutral axis: hy = 0.6hy =0.6x50=30 mm The effective width of the web is: Near the flange in compression: h, =h,, =20 mm Near the flange in tension: h, =h, —(h, =h,) =149 - (79.5 -30) =99.5 mm @ 5 ug Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties Effective cross section area: L (ee Jats JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties Effective cross section area: Ag = HC, + by. +h +hy +b, + (by +e )a) A, =0.96x [15s +40+ 204+ 99.5+17.57+ (20.736+ 12.77)x 0.614] Ay = 204.62 mm JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties Effective cross section area: Ag = HC, + by. +h +hy +b, + (by +e )a) A, =0.96x [15s +40+ 204+ 99.5+17.57+ (20.736+ 12.77)x 0.614] Ay = 204.62 mm Position of the neutral axis with regard to the flange in compression: f[e,(4,6/2)+Bah, +h (hy -h /2}+h? +e [2] fe a z, =85.75 mm JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties Effective cross section area: Arg =H, + Byy +h, +h, + By + (bs + Cy )2u1 — Ay, = 0.96x[15.5 +40+20+99.5 +17.57 + (20.736+12.77)x0.614] Ay = 204.62 mm’ Position of the neutral axis with regard to the flange in compression: _ Hey (ty —€p 2) +b palty +My (hy —y/2)+ ht 2+ 049° 2)? Fe He 2, =85.75 mm Position of the neutral axis with regard to the flange in tension: 2, =h, — 2, =149-85.75=63.25mm JL acs Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending * Effective section properties Second moment of area: +e, t(z, —¢, /2)° + byplz? + hyt(z, —h, [2) + +htZ, —h/2)° +b,t20 + ba (ZyZ. + + Cay (Hat \Z- —Cog [2° Ty, = 668103 mm* 4 = Behaviour and Resistance of Cross Section EXAMPLE 1: CFS in bending Effective section properties Second moment of area: eo Pee ACEI rol COR Ca er ee 212) 12 12 12 12 Cay Hab) + a aR 1(2, —¢, /2)° + Byatz,? + hyt(z, — hy /2)° + +ht(z, —h, /2)° +b,,t22 +b.(gyt)zo + + Cay (Hat \Z- —Cog [2° Iq. = 668103 mm* Effective section modulus: - with regard to the flange in compression Tp Weg ye =e = B18 _ 7991 som 7 eB - with regard to the flange in tension I, “yyy =e $6810 T0s63imm z, 63.25