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IRC: SP: 103-Guidelines on Tree Plantation Along Rural Roads

IRC: SP: 103-Guidelines on Tree Plantation Along Rural Roads INDIAN ROADS CONGRESS Kama Koti Marg, Sector-6,

INDIAN ROADS CONGRESS

Kama Koti Marg, Sector-6, R.K. Puram, New Delhi-110 022 September, 2014

Plantation

Adds to pleasing environment Minimises global warming

Important Aspects

Confined to Available Right of Way

Transect Walk would help in identifying locations

Only single row on either side

Two rows: Only when ROW adequate

Spacing 4 m to 6 m; staggered

Block areas; 3m x 3m

Important Aspects (contd

)

Saplings – Min Height 1.2m (Mortality rate low)

Procure saplings preferably from Government Nursery (Avail of MGNREGS)

Quality planting material

Maintain for 4 years

Need to exercise caution against plant diseases

Specific varieties in particular climates

(Need to seek advice of forest experts)

Ornamental trees more appropriate than shady trees (when single row)

Other Considerations Needing Attention

Preserve top soil

In forest areas, felling of trees bare minimum

Planting:

Minimum 0.5 m beyond toe of roadway

Close to edge of ROW

Sight distance and safety primary

Shrubs/trees clear of side drains

Root system should not interfere with working of drainage facilities

Typical Cross Section

Typical Cross Section

Typical Cross Section

Typical Cross Section
Typical Cross Section

Factors in Selection of Species

Shape, size Texture, colour of foliage Suitability to agro-climatic zone After care and maintenance Economic, social / recreational benefits Prone to insects / pests disease Advice of forest / horticulture experts (IRC SP21-2009 has been of great help)

Plantation in Special Areas – Waterlogged / Alkaline soils

Plantation in Special Areas – Waterlogged / Alkaline soils Waterlogged Areas

Waterlogged Areas

Photo of Mounds in Waterlogged Areas

Photo of Mounds in Waterlogged Areas

Protection Measures

Brushwood fencing Live fencing Bamboo, locally available No: RCC/MS Angles

Activity Schedule for Avenue Plantation

Year

Month

 

Activities to be done

1 st Year

Jan-

1

Surveying & cleaning of the area

March

   

2

Digging of Pits

   

3

Procurement of brushwood and live fencing

2nd Year

April-June

1

Purchase of Farm yard manure

 

2

Fencing

 

3

Plantation along the road

 

4

Filling up of Pits with Farm Yard manure and Soil

 

July-

1

Transportation of Plants

 

August

2

Planting of Saplings

 

3

Watering

 

4

Weeding and hoeing

 

Sep-Nov

1

Weeding and hoeing

 

2

Watering 4 times a month

 

Dec-Feb

1

Weeding and hoeing

 

2

Maintenance

 

March

1

Watering 4 times a month

Activity Schedule for Avenue Plantation

Year

Month

 

Activities to be done

3rd year

April-June

1

Watering 6 times a month

 

July-

1

Casualty Replacement ( 20% of the total plants )

 

August

2

Weeding

 

3

Maintenance by Mali

Sep-Nov

1

Watering 2 times a month

2

Maintenance by Mali

Dec-Feb

1

Maintenance by Mali

March

1

Watering 4 times a month

 

2

Maintenance by Mali

4th Year

April-

1

Watering

March

   

2

Casualty Replacement ( 10% of the total plants )

   

3

Maintenance by Mali

Bio-engineering Measures

Slope Stabilisation, Slope Protection MORD Specifications

Maintenance of Roadside Plantation

Tending of saplings Selective pruning Vegetation control

We need guidance of horticulture staff

Thank you

dpgupta36@gmail.com