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Child Development Video: Infants

Watch the video and fill in the missing words.

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So what can we expect for infants? That is, from ________up to a year of age.
And why is it really important that we understand their development?
I guess it's really so we as adults can provide for them. Because up until 12
months of age, children are actually ________to
think. They're learning to move
around. They're learning to understand their own_________.
They're learning to
get along with other people. And they're learning how to communicate. They're
actually developing their_________


So let's take a look at an infant's ___________development. Up until around 3

months of age, they're really quite immobile, but there's a lot happening in terms

of their developing__________.


Infants at that age really like to focus in on a human ____________, and they're
particularly attracted to our eyes and to the movement of our mouth.
Then when they're moving up into the 6 months of age bracket, where they're

actually able to start ______________over
and reaching out, you'll find that they
start to reach out for an object.


They'll ______________it, and then they'll usually bring it to their mouth, where

texture that object.

they're actually exploring the shape and the _________of

Child Development Video: Infants

Watch the video and fill in the missing words.

The next thing that happens, coming between 6 months to around 12 months of
age, is a really _____________time.
It's when they develop what's called object
permanence. And what that means is, if you have a look at this photo here of the


baby with the little ________ ball, what you'll see is that if an adult was to
actually place a rug over that yellow ball, the baby would still _________that
ball was there. Prior to object permanence, once it's out of sight, it's basically out
of mind. But when the object permanence develops, they'll even go and hunt for
it, because they know that it's actually _______there.
So what about an infant's physical development? When they are very, very young- up until about 3 months-- they have what we call time on their___________.
And that's when it's really critical. Even though it looks a big effort for them to
actually spend that time on their tummy, it's really important for them in terms of
developing their_________.
You'll see that they actually just start to lift their
head, and a tiny little bit of their chest will lift up off the floor.
Then as they get a little bit older, we're reversing this, and we're looking at the

sit But their back is not necessarily that

fact that they're actually able to______.
strong either. So it's a good idea for a baby of that age to _________them
up with
some cushions.
Normally if they were sitting on our________,
of course, they'd be leaning against
us. But if they're sitting alone, we need to prop them up on some sort of cushion.
Because obviously, without that, they're just going to topple over____________.

Child Development Video: Infants

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And then finally, as they're getting older, when they've got on to tummy time
again, they'll start to be able to ________themselves
up with their arms a little bit
more strongly. And then the next step is that they can actually bring their

underneath them, and then they'll start to actually experiment


with rocking backwards and forwards. It's really sort of a _____-crawling



And then, of course, finally, when they've mastered that _______skill, they'll
actually be able to start to crawl. And as you'll see, once they actually start to

crawl they're off. And you'll have lots and lots of dirty knees as a result of
that, because they're off to explore the world!


So what's happening ___________and emotionally for our infants? Well, a really

magical time that happens usually within the first three months is the baby gives
us his first or her first________.
And it's an absolutely amazing moment for
anyone who's actually witnessed that.
Then what we find moving up around to about the six month mark is that infants
actually show a preference for _________voices
and for familiar faces. So they're

more likely to smile at people they know and perhaps look a little bit ________of
people that they don't know. This then escalates. When they're moving in
between about 6 to 12 months, they become actually more wary of__________.

And that's when they develop what we call separation anxiety, and we're going
to explore that a little bit further later on in another topic. But they do become

ineract are
wary of people that they don't know. But they also are able to _________and
aware of other children around them and will actually spend time with them.

Child Development Video: Infants

Watch the video and fill in the missing words.

So let's take a look at___________.

Obviously, right from birth, babies will start to

needs and that we

cry. It's their way of communicating to us that they have_________
need to actually meet those needs.
Alongside of that though, we start to hear some other vocalizations. We'll hear
and we'll hear them gurgling, and we'll hear them making some
little babbling noises. They don't really make any_______
to us, but they're the
rudimentary form of language.


Then as a child develops, what they then start to do is they ________sounds that
they hear, so it's kind of like them practicing the mechanics of language. And
often they'll repeat something over and over again for _______a
long period of
Then moving roundabout from the sort of 6 to 12 months of age mark, you'll find


that children start to _______simple requests and simple instructions. They

certainly learn to understand the word "no," but they also are developing their
own first____________.
Now sometimes they'll use a word out of context, and
we wonder do they really know what that is. But it is not until they actually repeat


a word over and over again and it _______into the context, such as "dad," that
we actually say that's their very first word.
So as Caitlin explained before, it's the same with infants. They will develop at their

own rate but in a predictable __________________.

Child Development Video: Infants

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So where does that sequence go from here? I'm going to hand back to Caitlin to
talk you through.
Next: The development of__________________.