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Variatia fortelor Tsi Z

T,Z [N]

50000.00
40000.00

30000.00
20000.00
10000.00
0.00
0

180

360

-10000.00
-20000.00
[alfa]

540

720

Forte pe bolt
S

50000.00

N.S[N]

40000.00

30000.00

20000.00

10000.00

0.00
0

100

200

300

400

-10000.00

-20000.00
alfa

500

600

700

Variatia fortelor Fg,Fj,F

Pg,P [N]

Pj [N]

Pj

55000.00

8000.00
Pg

6000.00

45000.00

4000.00

35000.00

2000.00
0.00

25000.00

-2000.00
15000.00

-4000.00
-6000.00

5000.00
-80
20
-5000.00
-15000.00

120

220

320

420

520

620

-8000.00
720
-10000.00
-12000.00

Diagrama momentului motor monocilindru


M [Nm]

800

600

400

200

0
0
-200

-400

180

360

540

720

M [Nm]

Diagrama Sum M1 - M4

1400
1200
1000
800
600

400
200
0
0
-200
-400
-600

180

360

540

720

1. Calculul termic
Calculul termic al unui motor, cunoscut si sub denumirea de:
calculul ciclului de lucru al motorului', se efectueaza in scopul determinarii
anticipate a parametrilor proceselor ciclului motor, a indicilor energetici si
de economicitate, a presiunii gazelor in cilindrii motorului. Din aceste date
se pot stabili dimensiunile fundamentale ale motorului, se poate trasa
diagrama indicata si se pot efectua calculele de rezistenta a principalelor
piese ale motorului.
Una dintre metodele folosite in calculul termic analitic este si metoda lui
Grinevetki inbunatatita, care corecteaza diagrama ciclului teoretic de
referinta. Aceasta metoda se poate aplica atat in stadiul de proiectare cat si
pentru perfectionarea protortipului.
Vom realiza in continuare dupa aceasta metoda calculul termic al unui
motor cu aprindere prin scanteie cu caracteristicile urmatoare:
Puterea nominala :

P=

Turatia puterii nominale:

52 (kW)

n n=

Numarul de cilindrii:

5000 (rot/min)

i=

1.1.Alegerea parametrilor initiali:


Temperatura initiala:

T0=

301

(0K)

Presiunea initiala:

po=

1.02

(N/m2)

Temperatura gazelor reziduale:

Tr=

1000

Presiunea gazelor reziduale:

pr=

1.2

Coeficientul de exces de aer:

0.95

Raportul de comprimare :

9.5

1.2. Calculul procesului de schimbare a gazelor:


Se adopta:
Preancalzirea amestecului:

Coeficient de postumplere:

p=

Presiunea la sfarsit de admisie:

Pa=

25
1.1
0.9

Coeficientul gazelor reziduale:

r=

T 0 + t
Tr

pr

=
P a p pr

0.048

(-)

357

(0K)

Temperatura la sfarsit de admisie:

T A=

T 0 +t + rT r
=
1+ r

T A=

T 0 +t + rT r
1+ r

Coeficientul de umplere:

v=

P AT 0 p

=
P0T A 1 1+ r

0.87

(-)

1.3. Calculul procesului de comprimare:


Se adopta:
Coeficientul politropic de comprimare:

n1=

Presiunea la sfarsit de compresie:

n1

PB=Pa =

18

*105(N/m2)

767

(0K)

Temperatura la sfarsit de compresie:

T B=T A

n11

1.4. Calculul procesului de ardere:


Se adopta:
Compozitia chimica a 1 Kg benzina :

C=

h=
O=
Puterea calorica inferioara
Coeficientul de utilizare a cald
Coeficientul de crestere a presiunii:

Qi=
=
=

0.854
0.142
0.004
43500
0.9
4.24

Cantitatera minima de aer necesara:

Lmin=

1
C h O
+ =
0 .21 12 4 32

0.507

(kmolaer/kgcomb.

0.48

(kmolaer/kgcomb.

Cantitatea reala de aer necesara:

L=Lmin=

Coeficientul teoretic de variatie molara a incarcaturii proaspete:

h O
L+ +
4 32
0 =
=
L

1.07

(-)

h O
L+ +
4 32
0 =
=
L
Coeficientul real de variatie molara a incarcaturii proaspete:

0 + r

1.071

1+ r

(-)

Caldura specifica molara medie a amestecului initial:

C ''MV =20+17 . 410 T B=

33

(kj/kmol K)

Caldura specifica molara medie a gazelor de ardere:


} } } = left (20+ { {9 . 2} over {} } right )+ left ( { {13 . 8} over {} } +15 . 5 right ) cdot 10 rSup { size 8{ - 4} } cdot T rSub { size 8{c} } } {}

mv

(kj/kmol K)

Temperatura la sfarsitul arderii rezulta din ecuatia:


} } }

right ) cdot T rSub { size 8{c} }

drarrow } {}

Mv

Rm + C
P ci
L min( 1 +

+( C

Mv

'

+ R m )T

Tc=

2067

(0K)

77.94

*105(N/m2)

0.80

(-)

Presiunea la sfarsitul arderii:

pC = pCO=p B=
Gradul de destindere politropica:

TC

=
TB

1.5. Calculul procesului de destindere:


Se adopta:
Coeficientul politropic al destinderii

n 2=

Gradul de destindere:

= =

11.87

(-)

3.37

*105(N/m2)

1247

(0K)

Presiunea la sfarsitul destinderii:

PD =

PC
n 2

Temperatura la sfarsitul destinderii:

T D=

TC
n 21

1.6. Parametrii principali ai motorului:


Se adopta:
Coeficientul de rotunjire al diagramei
Randamentul mecanic

r=
m=

Presiunea medie a ciclului teoretic:

p' i=

PB

1
1
1
( 1 )+
+ 1 n21
1
1
n 2 1
n
1
n

1
1 1

)]

8.60

*105(N/m2)

pi=rp ' i=

8.17

*105(N/m2)

Presiunea medie indicata:

Randamentul indicat:

i =R M

piL minT 0
p 0vQ i

0.25

i =R M

piL minT 0
p 0vQ i

Presiunea medie efectiva:

Pe=mpi=

6.54

*105(N/m2)

Randamentul efectiv:

e =im=

0.20

Consumul specific efectiv de combustibil:

c e=

3600
=
eQ i

0.407

(kg/kwh)

1.7. Dimensiunile principale ale motorului:


Se adopta:
Raportul cursa - alezaj

0.93

Capacitatea cilindrica:

V S=

120000Pn
p eni

0.48

(l)

93

(mm)

Alezajul:

4V S
D=
=

Cursa:

S=D=

87

(mm)

14.44

(m/s)

1.91

(l)

27.2

(kW/l)

Viteza medie a pistonului:

W m=

Sn
=
30

Cilindrea totala:

V t =iV S =
Puterea litrica:

P l=

Pn
Vt

1.8. Diagrama indicata:


Se adopta:
Unghiul de avans la injec]ie

inj=

25

Unghiul de avans la deschidere


a evacuarii

40

Unghiul de intarziere la inchidere


a evacuarii

dev=

28

Raza manivelei / lungimea bielei:


b

0.28

Volumul la sfarsitul admisiei:

V A =V S

=
1

0.53

(dm3)

0.06

(dm3)

Volumul la sfarsitul comprimarii:

V B=

VA

Pozitia punctului B1:

S
X inj .= ( 1cos inj. ) + b( 1cos 2 inj.) =
2
4

5.1
=

0.065

Pozitia punctului D1:

S
X ev .= ( 1cos ev .) b ( 1 cos 2 ev ) =
2
4

7.6
=

0.094

Tabelul 1.1.
Politropele:
A-B
V(l)

B-C

Px
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.44

18.38
14.76
12.22
10.36
8.94
7.83
6.94
6.21
4.67
3.97
3.44
3.02
2.68
2.41
2.17
1.98
1.81
1.67
1.55
1.44
1.34
1.26
1.18

Px
77.94
63.29
52.93
45.25
39.36
34.72
30.96
27.88
21.26
18.25
15.92
14.07
12.57
11.34
10.31
9.43
8.68
8.03
7.46
6.96
6.52
6.12
5.77

0.46

1.11 5.45

0.48

1.04 5.15

0.00

1.9.Caracteristica de turatie:

( )]

n
n
n
Pe= Pe max e 0 . 5+1 .5 e e
nn
nn
nn

Turatia maxima de mers in gol se limiteaza la valoarea:

5500

Turatia minima se limiteaza la valoarea:

1000

M e [N m ] ci [g /k W h]

P e [k W ] C [k g /h]

nmin =

Caracteristica externa de turatie


C/3 [kg/h]

70.00
60.00
50.00

Me

Pe

40.00
C
30.00
ce
20.00
10.00
0.00
500

nM
n cemin
nn
nm
1500
2000
2500
30
n [rot/min]

1000

nM

n
(rot/min)
1000
1100
1200

Pe
(KW)
10.98
12.24
13.52

Me
(Nm)
104.87
106.28
107.62

Tabelul 1.2.
ci
(g/KWh)
520.89
511.69
502.82

C
(Kg/h)
5.72
6.26
6.80

1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
2700
2800
2900
3000
3100
3200
3300
3400
3500
3600
3700
3800
3900
4000
4100
4200
4300
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800
4900
5000
5500

14.82
16.13
17.46
18.79
20.13
21.48
22.82
24.17
25.51
26.85
28.18
29.50
30.81
32.10
33.38
34.63
35.86
37.07
38.24
39.39
40.50
41.58
42.62
43.63
44.58
45.50
46.36
47.17
47.94
48.64
49.29
49.88
50.40
50.86
51.26
51.58
51.83
52.00
0.00

108.87
110.04
111.13
112.14
113.08
113.93
114.71
115.40
116.02
116.55
117.01
117.39
117.69
117.90
118.04
118.10
118.08
117.98
117.80
117.55
117.21
116.79
116.30
115.72
115.06
114.33
113.51
112.62
111.65
110.59
109.46
108.25
106.96
105.59
104.14
102.61
101.00
99.31
0.00

494.28
486.06
478.16
470.59
463.35
456.43
449.84
443.57
437.63
432.01
426.72
421.76
417.12
412.81
408.82
405.16
401.82
398.81
396.12
393.76
391.73
390.02
388.63
387.58
386.84
386.44
386.35
386.60
387.17
388.06
389.28
390.83
392.70
394.90
397.42
400.27
403.45
406.95
410.00

7.33
7.84
8.35
8.84
9.33
9.80
10.27
10.72
11.17
11.60
12.03
12.44
12.85
13.25
13.64
14.03
14.41
14.78
15.15
15.51
15.87
16.22
16.57
16.91
17.25
17.58
17.91
18.24
18.56
18.88
19.19
19.49
19.79
20.09
20.37
20.64
20.91
21.16
10.00

1.10. Cronomanograma:
Reprezint\ legea de varia]ie a presiunii gazelor ^n cilindru, func]ie de
unghiul de rota]ie al arborelui cotit (RAC).

alfa

xp

(RAC)

(mm)

Tabelul 1.3.
Vp
(l)

p
(N/m2)

0.056

63400

18

4.188601927

0.085

63400

36

15.7568210241 0.164

63400

54

32.0339824728 0.275

63400

72

49.5253247223 0.394

63400

90

64.9803763911 0.499

63400

108

76.2987121966 0.576

63400

126

82.9599917143 0.622

63400

144

85.8504594258 0.641

63400

162

86.5886157911 0.646

63400

180

86.6405018548 0.647

69528

198

86.5886157911 0.646

69578

216

85.8504594258 0.641

70311

234

82.9599917143 0.622

73313

252

76.2987121966 0.576

81156

270

64.9803763911 0.499

98395

288

49.5253247223 0.394

135192

306

32.0339824728 0.275

219211

324

15.7568210241 0.164

438746

342

4.188601927

0.085

1059618

360

0.056

1838197

378

4.188601927

0.085

7793957

396

15.7568210241 0.164

4623949

414

32.0339824728 0.275

2004845

432

49.5253247223 0.394

1038656

450

64.9803763911 0.499

656939

468

76.2987121966 0.576

486133

486

82.9599917143 0.622

405018

504

85.8504594258 0.641

367824

522

86.5886157911 0.646

353533

540

86.6405018548 0.647

350042

558

86.5886157911 0.646

349799

576

85.8504594258 0.641

120000

594

82.9599917143 0.622

120000

612

76.2987121966 0.576

120000

630

64.9803763911 0.499

120000

648

49.5253247223 0.394

120000

666

32.0339824728 0.275

120000

684

15.7568210241 0.164

120000

702

4.188601927

0.085

120000

720

0.056

120000

2. Calculul cinematic si dinamic


2.1. Cinematica si dinamica mecanismului biela - manivela:

F1g.2.1.

2.1.1Deplasarea pistonului:
Deplasarea pistonului:

X p r 1 cos b sin 2
2

Viteza pistonului:

V p r sin b sin 2
2

Acceleratia pistonului:

a p r 2 c o s b c o s2

S-a notat cu:


r- raza manivelei;
S- cursa pistonului;

- viteza unghiulara a arborelui cotit;

n
30

n - turatia motorului;

b- raportul dintre raza manivelei r si lungimea bielei l

Rezultatele calculelor sunt sintetizate in tabelul 4.

Tabelul 2.1.
Vp

Xp

(RAC)

(mm)

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280

0
0.8
3.3
7.3
12.6
19.0
26.1
33.8
41.6
49.3
56.6
63.4
69.5
74.7
79.0
82.3
84.7
86.2
86.6
86.2
84.8
82.4
79.0
74.8
69.6
63.5
56.8
49.4
41.7

(m/s)
0
5.01
9.77
14.06
17.67
20.46
22.36
23.33
23.40
22.68
21.26
19.29
16.92
14.28
11.49
8.63
5.75
2.88
0.03
-2.83
-5.70
-8.58
-11.44
-14.23
-16.88
-19.25
-21.23
-22.66
-23.40

ap
(m/s2)
15160.1
14781.5
13675.0
11925.8
9666.0
7060.9
4292.9
1542.8
-1026.8
-3286.2
-5148.8
-6575.8
-7575.2
-8195.6
-8515.0
-8626.8
-8624.6
-8587.6
-8568.8
-8587.0
-8624.0
-8627.5
-8518.6
-8203.9
-7589.7
-6597.8
-5178.8
-3324.0
-1071.2

3.6

290
300
310
320
330
340
350

33.9
26.3
19.1
12.7
7.4
3.4
0.9

-23.34
-22.38
-20.50
-17.73
-14.13
-9.86
-5.10

1493.8
4242.0
7011.3
9621.0
11888.7
13648.5
14767.7

360

0.0

-0.09

15160.0

2.2. Fortele si momentele care actioneaza in mecanismul mot


2.2.1. Fortele care actioneaza in mecanismul motor:
Sunt rezultantele fortelor produse de presiunea gazelor pe piston
si a fortelor de inertie a maselor in miscarea accelerata ale
mecanismului.

2.2.1.1. Forta de presiune a gazelor:


Sunt variabile in timp functie de unghiul de rotatie al arborelui
motor .

Pg F p g
F

D2
4

p g p 1

6813.1143495

(N/m2)

F- Suprafata pistonului
p- Presiunea gazelor in cilindru masurata pe abscisa

2.2.1.2. Fortele de inertie ale maselor aflate in miscare:


Sunt produse de masele in miscare accelerata ale ambielajului
si anume: completul piston-biela-arbore cotit.

F m a

(N)

m- Masa elementelor in miscare


a- Acceleratia acestor mase
Astfel deosebim:
Forte de inertie produse de mase neechilibrate:

PW m rr r 2

Pt m r r

dw
dt

Forta centrifuga

Forta tangentiala

Forte de inertie produse de masele in miscare alternativa:

Pj m a a p

2.2.1.3. Masele pieselor in miscare ale mecanismului biela - manivela:


Se inlocuiesc masele diferitelor piese prin masele reduse concentrate in
articulatiile mecanismului.

2.2.1.4. Fortele rezultante din mecanismul motor:

P Pg p j
Forta P transmisa axului pistonului se descompune in doua componente:
N- Normala la axul cilindrului
S- in lungul bielei

N Ptg

1
S P
cos

Deplasand forta S pe linia ei de actiune pana in B si notandu-se cu S'

aceasta se descompune in doua componente:


Z- Dirijata dupa directia cotului
T- Raza manivelei

Z S ' cos( )
T S ' sin
M- momentul cuplului motor

M T r
Momentul total al motorului se obtine din insumarea momentelor ce
rezulta din functionarea tuturor cilindrilor.

alfa

Fg

[grd.RAC]

[N]

[N]

[N]

[N]

[N]

0.00

-10473.47

-10473.47

0.00

-263.12

18

-832.20

-9695.06

-8929.35

-3776.35

-263.12

36

-1227.39

-7517.36

-5278.62

-5352.28

-263.12

54

-986.88

-4391.47

-1716.81

-4041.97

-263.12

72

-258.34

-977.90

-45.75

-976.83

-263.12

90

563.90

2030.05

-563.90

1950.16

-263.12

108

1094.86

4144.34

-2276.45

3463.14

-263.12

126

1180.14

5251.43

-3962.51

3446.16

-263.12

144

912.70

5590.00

-4998.19

2503.24

-263.12

162

477.39

5561.50

-5417.30

1258.23

-263.12

180

0.00

5549.72

-5549.72

0.00

-221.35

198

-480.98

5603.32

-5458.04

-1267.69

-221.00

216

-920.75

5639.28

-5042.25

-2525.30

-216.01

234

-1197.37

5328.09

-4020.36

-3496.47

-195.55

252

-1132.36

4286.29

-2354.42

-3581.76

-142.08

270

-640.23

2304.84

-640.23

-2214.13

-24.58

288

115.40

-436.80

-20.44

436.33

226.25

306

734.08

-3266.55

-1277.03

3006.58

798.97

324

799.25

-4895.16

-3437.33

3485.30

2295.45

342

245.74

-2862.80

-2636.70

1115.10

6527.67

360

0.00

1624.65

1624.65

0.00

11834.91

378

3706.48

43179.89

39769.58

16819.14

52432.76

396

3912.70

23964.04

16827.33

17062.13

30824.18

414

2057.37

9155.00

3579.08

8426.40

12970.88

432

1553.69

5881.13

275.15

5874.69

6384.78

450

1726.43

6215.13

-1726.43

5970.54

3782.78

468

1879.79

7115.51

-3908.48

5945.94

2618.47

486

1715.52

7633.82

-5760.16

5009.56

2065.54

504

1255.87

7691.79

-6877.46

3444.43

1812.01

522

647.82

7546.98

-7351.30

1707.43

1714.59

540

0.00

7461.87

-7461.87

0.00

1690.80

558

-645.51

7520.09

-7325.10

-1701.34

1689.14

576

-977.04

5984.08

-5350.55

-2679.71

122.70

594

-1272.39

5661.93

-4272.26

-3715.54

122.70

612

-1209.21

4577.19

-2514.21

-3824.84

122.70

630

-690.14

2484.52

-690.14

-2386.74

122.70

648

134.87

-510.52

-23.89

509.96

122.70

666

882.19

-3925.62

-1534.69

3613.20

122.70

684

1154.11

-7068.54

-4963.46

5032.72

122.70

702
720

796.15
0.00

-9275.05
-10087.31

-8542.51
-10087.31

3612.76
0.00

122.70
122.70

2.2.1.5. Alegerea ordinii de lucru:


Alegem ordinea de lucru a motorului: 1-3-4-2-1
Se determina unghiul de decalaj intre coturi:

720
i

180

(oRAC)

Avem urmatoarea schema de lucru a motorului:


Inceputul

Schema de lucru a cilindrilor motorului

ciclului
0
540
180

A
C
E

C
D
A

D
E
C

E
A
D

360

180

360

540

720

A-Admisie
C-Compresie
D-Destindere
E-Evacuare
Momentul total este o functie periodica cu perioada:

180

180

Valoarea medie a momentului total este:

M med

M
1

1 4

Cu ajutorul momentului mediu se calculeaza puterea indicata a motorului:

M med n

9.55 10 3

Pi

Puterea indicata a motorului calculata astfel trebuie sa fie egala cu puterea


indicata calculata in calculul termic cu formula:

Pi

pi Vt n

120000

68.42

(kW)

Se admite o abatere de 5%.

pi-Presiunea medie indicata,in [N/m2]


Vt-Cilindreea totala a motorului,in [m3]

2.2.1.6.Fortele care actioneaza asupra fusului maneton:

Asupra fusului maneton actioneaza forta tangentiala T,forta


radiala Z si forta centrifuga de inertie Fcb a masei m2b a bielei aflata
n miscare de rotatie.
Forta rezultanta care actioneaza asupra fusului maneton este:

Rm T Z F
Rm

Fcb

T 2

Rmmed

[N]

Fcb m2 2 r

Rmmed

Fcb m2 2 r

2.2.1.7.Fortele care actioneaza asupra fusului palier:

Constructia este similara celei de la fusul meneton, tinndu-se


seama de decalajul dintre manivelele aferente fusului.
Fortele Z' si T' se calculeaza dupa urmatoarele formule:

Z'

Z1 Z2 cos T2 sin
2

T'

T1 T2 cos Z 2 sin
2

unde j = unghiul de decalaj ntre


coturi

Date de intrare si adoptate


P=

52 (kW)
(W)
70.2 (CP)

n=

5000 (rot/min)

Timpi

i=

Dispozi]ie

Alegerea parametrilor initiali


T0=
P0=
Tr=
Pr=

301 (K)
1.02 *105(N/m2)
1000 (K)
1.20 *105(N/m2)

0.95

9.5

1.1.

vp=
Pa=

25 (OC)
1.10

0.9 *105(N/m2)

1.2.
n1=

1.34

1.3.

( K)

c=

0.854 (kg)

h=

0.142 (kg)

O=

0.004 (kg)

Qi=

(N/m2)

43500 (kj/kg)
10000 kcal/kg

(-)

0.9

(-)

4.24

azelor:

Rm=

8.314

n2=

1.27

1.4.
1.5.

( C)
O

r=

0.95

m=

0.8

0.93

(-)
*10 (N/m )
5

1.6.
1.7.
inj=

25 (RAC)

dev=

40 (RAC)

ev=

28 (RAC)

1.34

(kg)
(kg)
(kg)
(kj/kg)
(-)
(-)

molaer/kgcomb.)

molaer/kgcomb.)

(-)

Rm
8.314
a

0.00300 37.998211 -79674.052


Delta
2400.8
2431.7
Tc1

1.27 (-)

Tc2
1831.7
-14486.6

0.95
0.8

407

(g/kwh)

(RAC)
(RAC)
(RAC)

(mm)
(dm3)

(mm)
(dm3)

(rot/min)

(rot/min)

C
(Kg/h)

stica externa de turatie

00

ci*3 [g/kWh]
200.00
175.00
Pe

150.00
125.00
100.00

75.00

ce

50.00
25.00
nM
n cemin
nn
nmax
1500
2000
2500
3000
n [rot/min]

3500

4000

4500

0.00
5000

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
20
0

VB=
lambdab=
S=
D=

Va=
Vc=
n1=
n2=

R= 43.32

pA=
pC=

P
0
18
36
54
72
90
108
126
144
162
180
198
216
234
252
270
288
306
324
342
360
378
396
414
432
450
468
486
504
522
540
558
576
594
612
630
648

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.8
1.0
1.4
2.2
4.4
10.6
18.4
77.9
46.2
20.0
10.4
6.6
4.9
4.1
3.7
3.5
3.5
3.5
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.2

p*10-5 [N/m2]

alfa
(RAC)

0.06
0.28
86.64
93.16

Cron

100.0
80.0
60.0
40.0
20.0
0.0
0

72

144

216

ui biela - manivela:

43.3

(mm)

666
684

1.2
1.2

702
720

1.1
1.1

523.33

0.28
Vpmed
177.6

Caracteristica Xp=f(a)

110
90
70
50
30
10
-10
0
-30
-50

ap [m/s2]

3.6

Xp [mm];Vp [m/s]

Xp

ap

120

15000.0
10000.0

Vp

60

20000.0

5000.0
180

240

300

0.0
360-5000.0
-10000.0

a in mecanismul motor.

mul motor:

iela - manivela:

Tabelul 2.2.
Fj

[N]

[N]

D=
S=
R=
n=
omega=

-10210.35

-10473.47

mp=

-9396.15

-9659.27

mb=

-7153.37

-7416.49

-4016.02

-4279.14

-680.04

-943.16

2213.28

1950.16

4260.22

3997.10

5380.22

5117.10

5778.11

5514.99

5804.09

5540.97

m1=
m2=
mc=
mr=
ma=
lambdab=
i=
gamma=

5771.07

5549.72

5803.64

5582.64

5779.61

5563.60

5387.36

5191.81

4276.10

4134.01

2238.71

2214.13

-647.54

-421.29

-3981.97

-3183.00

-7124.92

-4829.47

-9379.91

-2852.24

-10210.27

1624.65

-9412.25

43020.52

-7181.72

23642.46

-4050.05

8920.83

-712.59

5672.19

2187.76

5970.54

4244.25

6862.71

5373.02

7438.56

5776.56

7588.57

5804.53

7519.13

5771.08

7461.87

5803.19

7492.33

5781.08

5903.78

5394.41

5517.11

4291.87

4414.57

2264.05

2386.74

-615.08

-492.38

-3947.91

-3825.21

-7096.38

-6973.68

-9363.51
-10210.01

-9240.82
-10087.31

Cilindrul

Tm [N]

Diagrama polara pentru fus

1
2
3
4

-70000.0

-60000.0

-50000.0

-400

-70000.0

Rm [N]

-60000.0

-50000.0

Forta rezultanta pe fusul ma

50000
45000
40000
35000
30000

25000
20000
15000
10000

sului maneton:
5000
0
0

2 r

[N]

-400

180

2 r

decalaj ntre

diagrama fusului palier


diagram$a maneton pa

Diagrama indic

80

0.48
0.46
0.44
0.42
0.40
0.38
0.36
0.34
0.32
0.30
0.28
0.26
0.24
0.22
0.20
0.18
0.16
0.13
0.12
0.11
0.10
0.09

60

50

40

30

20

0.07

8.94
10.36
12.22
14.76

0.06

18.38

10

0.08
B

1.04
1.11
1.18
1.26
1.34
1.44
1.55
1.67
1.81
1.98
2.17
2.41
2.68
3.02
3.44
3.97
4.67
6.21
6.94
7.83

p*10-5 (N/m2)

70

10
B

0.06

18.38

0.095

77.94

0.095

77.94

0.07
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48

77.94
52.93
45.25
39.36
34.72
30.96
27.88
21.26
18.25
15.92
14.07
12.57
11.34
10.31
9.43
8.68
8.03
7.46
6.96
6.52
6.12
5.77
5.45
5.15

D1

0.38

5.15

D1

0.38

5.15

0.73

6.80

A1
A1

0.73
0.72

0.00
0.00

F
F

0.06
0.06

0.00
0.00

0.067

1.05

0.073
0.073

0.00
0.00

0.00

0.00

F1
F1
A

0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3 Vc (dm3
0.4

ci
(g/KWh)
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

M nax
ci min

118.10
386.35

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
0

Vl
0.647

P a-b
69528

P c-d
349799

0.53
0.06
1.34
1.27
90000 Pa
7793957 Pa

0.646

69578

350042

0.641
0.622
0.576
0.499
0.394
0.275

70311
73313
81156
98395
135192
219211

353533
367824
405018
486133
656939
1038656

0.164
0.085

438746
1059618

2004845
4623949

0.056

1838197

7793957

Cronomanograma

0
0

72

144

216

288

360

432

504

576

648

720

00

20000.0
15000.0
10000.0
5000.0
0.0
360-5000.0
-10000.0

a
(RAC)

Xp
(mm)
0
18
36
54
72
90
108
126
144
162
180
198
216
234
252
270
288
306
324
342
360
378
396
414
432
450
468
486
504
522

0.0
2.7
10.3
21.8
35.3
49.3
62.1
72.7
80.4
85.1
86.6
85.1
80.5
72.8
62.2
49.4
35.5
21.9
10.4
2.7
0.0
2.6
10.2
21.6
35.2
49.2
62.0
72.6
80.4
85.0

pentru M-poli
Tabelul 2.1.
Vp
ap
(m/s)
(m/s2)
0
15160.1
8.852241
13951.2
16.31381
10621.2
21.33036
5962.9
23.4109
1009.7
22.67594
-3286.2
19.72211
-6325.5
15.36356
-7988.5
10.3519
-8579.2
5.178523
-8617.8
0.026077
-8568.8
-5.126072
-8617.1
-10.29967
-8581.5
-15.31491
-7999.0
-19.68354
-6349.1
-22.65582
-3324.0
-23.4169
961.5
-21.3665
5912.4
-16.37832
10578.9
-8.937083
13927.1
-0.092273
15160.0
8.767253
13975.1
16.24903
10663.3
21.29391
6013.4
23.4046
1058.0
22.69583
-3248.3
19.76054
-6301.8
15.41215
-7977.8
10.40411
-8576.9
5.230978
-8618.5

540
558
576
594
612
630
648
666
684
702
720

86.6
85.1
80.5
72.9
62.4
49.6
35.6
22.0
10.5
2.8
0.0

0.078232
-5.073626
-10.24743
-15.26619
-19.64482
-22.63548
-23.4226
-21.40233
-16.44258
-9.021777
-0.184545

-8568.8
-8616.5
-8583.6
-8009.5
-6372.5
-3361.6
913.3
5861.8
10536.6
13902.8
15159.6

93
87
43.3
5000
523.6

mm
mm
mm
rot/min
rad/s

0.426 Kg
0.9 Kg

0.248
0.653
0.886
1.539
0.674
0.28
4
180

Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg

grd RAC

alfa
pp
[grd.RAC] [N/m^2]
0
18
36
54
72
90
108
126
144
162
180
198
216
234
252
270
288
306
324
342
360

63400
63400
63400
63400
63400
63400
63400
63400
63400
63400
69527.52
69578.5
70310.94
73313.08
81156.1
98394.67
135191.6
219210.6
438745.9
1059618
1838197

fg
[N/m^2]

Fg
[N]

-38600
-38600
-38600
-38600
-38600
-38600
-38600
-38600
-38600
-38600
-32472.48
-32421.5
-31689.06
-28686.92
-20843.9
-3605.335
33191.57
117210.6
336745.9
957618.2
1736197

-263.1196
-263.1196
-263.1196
-263.1196
-263.1196
-263.1196
-263.1196
-263.1196
-263.1196
-263.1196
-221.351
-221.0034
-216.0107
-195.5464
-142.0839
-24.57602
226.2526
798.9746
2295.452
6527.672
11834.91

ap
[m/s^2]
15160.14
13951.23
10621.18
5962.91
1009.71
-3286.23
-6325.49
-7988.45
-8579.22
-8617.80
-8568.77
-8617.14
-8581.46
-7999.04
-6349.07
-3323.99
961.45
5912.36
10578.95
13927.11
15160.01

378
396
414
432
450
468
486
504
522
540
558
576
594
612
630
648
666
684
702
720

7793957
4623949
2004845
1038656
656939.1
486132.8
405018
367824.3
353533.4
350042
349798.9
120000
120000
120000
120000
120000
120000
120000
120000
120000

7691957
4521949
1902845
936655.8
554939.1
384132.8
303018
265824.3
251533.4
248042
247798.9
18000
18000
18000
18000
18000
18000
18000
18000
18000

52432.76
30824.18
12970.88
6384.78
3782.782
2618.468
2065.543
1812.01
1714.595
1690.796
1689.139
122.6983
122.6983
122.6983
122.6983
122.6983
122.6983
122.6983
122.6983
122.6983

13975.13
10663.28
6013.43
1058.05
-3248.34
-6301.78
-7977.75
-8576.92
-8618.46
-8568.79
-8616.47
-8583.64
-8009.52
-6372.49
-3361.61
913.26
5861.78
10536.57
13902.77
15159.63

polara pentru fusul maneton

20000.00

15000.00

10000.00

5000.00

-50000.0

-40000.0

-30000.0

-20000.0

-10000.0

0.00
0.0
-5000.00

-50000.0

-40000.0

-30000.0

-20000.0

-10000.0

0.00
0.0
-5000.00

-10000.00
Zm [N]

anta pe fusul maneton

180

360

540

720

agrama fusului palier


agram$a maneton palier

Diagrama indicata

0.2

0.3 Vc (dm3)
0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

M [Nm]

M [Nm]
900

800

Diagrama Sum M1 - M2

Diageama Sum M1 - M3

Diagrama Sum M1 - M2

M [Nm]

Diageama Sum M1 - M3

M [Nm]
900

800
1100
700
600
900
500
o

400
700
300

500
200
100
300
0
100
-100
-100

-300

180

180

360

360

Fj
[N]

F
[N]
-10210.35
-9396.15
-7153.37
-4016.02
-680.04
2213.28
4260.22
5380.22
5778.11
5804.09
5771.07
5803.64
5779.61
5387.36
4276.10
2238.71
-647.54
-3981.97
-7124.92
-9379.91
-10210.27

betta
[grd]
-10473.47
-9659.27
-7416.49
-4279.14
-943.16
1950.16
3997.10
5117.10
5514.99
5540.97
5549.72
5582.64
5563.60
5191.81
4134.01
2214.13
-421.29
-3183.00
-4829.47
-2852.24
1624.65

0.00
4.92
9.40
12.99
15.32
16.13
15.32
12.99
9.40
4.92
0.00
-4.92
-9.40
-12.99
-15.32
-16.13
-15.32
-12.99
-9.40
-4.92
0.00

N
[N]

S
[N]
0.00
-832.20
-1227.39
-986.88
-258.34
563.90
1094.86
1180.14
912.70
477.39
0.00
-480.98
-920.75
-1197.37
-1132.36
-640.23
115.40
734.08
799.25
245.74
0.00

-10473.47
-9695.06
-7517.36
-4391.47
-977.90
2030.05
4144.34
5251.43
5590.00
5561.50
5549.72
5603.32
5639.28
5328.09
4286.29
2304.84
-436.80
-3266.55
-4895.16
-2862.80
1624.65

-9412.25
-7181.72
-4050.05
-712.59
2187.76
4244.25
5373.02
5776.56
5804.53
5771.08
5803.19
5781.08
5394.41
4291.87
2264.05
-615.08
-3947.91
-7096.38
-9363.51
-10210.01

000.00

000.00

000.00

000.00

0.00
0.0

000.00

43020.52
23642.46
8920.83
5672.19
5970.54
6862.71
7438.56
7588.57
7519.13
7461.87
7492.33
5903.78
5517.11
4414.57
2386.74
-492.38
-3825.21
-6973.68
-9240.82
-10087.31

4.92
9.40
12.99
15.32
16.13
15.32
12.99
9.40
4.92
0.00
-4.92
-9.40
-12.99
-15.32
-16.13
-15.32
-12.99
-9.40
-4.92
0.00

3706.48
3912.70
2057.37
1553.69
1726.43
1879.79
1715.52
1255.87
647.82
0.00
-645.51
-977.04
-1272.39
-1209.21
-690.14
134.87
882.19
1154.11
796.15
0.00

43179.89
23964.04
9155.00
5881.13
6215.13
7115.51
7633.82
7691.79
7546.98
7461.87
7520.09
5984.08
5661.93
4577.19
2484.52
-510.52
-3925.62
-7068.54
-9275.05
-10087.31

0.00
0.0

000.00

000.00

720

a Sum M1 - M2

ma Sum M1 - M3

a Sum M1 - M2

ma Sum M1 - M3

80

360

360

540

540

720

720

Z
[N]

T
[N]
-10473.47
-8929.35
-5278.62
-1716.81
-45.75
-563.90
-2276.45
-3962.51
-4998.19
-5417.30
-5549.72
-5458.04
-5042.25
-4020.36
-2354.42
-640.23
-20.44
-1277.03
-3437.33
-2636.70
1624.65

M
[Nm]
0.00
-3776.35
-5352.28
-4041.97
-976.83
1950.16
3463.14
3446.16
2503.24
1258.23
0.00
-1267.69
-2525.30
-3496.47
-3581.76
-2214.13
436.33
3006.58
3485.30
1115.10
0.00

alfa

0.00
-163.59
-231.86
-175.10
-42.32
84.48
150.02
149.29
108.44
54.51
0.00
-54.92
-109.40
-151.47
-155.16
-95.92
18.90
130.25
150.98
48.31
0.00

0
18
36
54
72
90
108
126
144
162
180
198
216
234
252
270
288
306
324
342
360

39769.58
16827.33
3579.08
275.15
-1726.43
-3908.48
-5760.16
-6877.46
-7351.30
-7461.87
-7325.10
-5350.55
-4272.26
-2514.21
-690.14
-23.89
-1534.69
-4963.46
-8542.51
-10087.31

16819.14
17062.13
8426.40
5874.69
5970.54
5945.94
5009.56
3444.43
1707.43
0.00
-1701.34
-2679.71
-3715.54
-3824.84
-2386.74
509.96
3613.20
5032.72
3612.76
0.00

728.61
739.14
365.03
254.49
258.65
257.58
217.02
149.21
73.97
0.00
-73.70
-116.09
-160.96
-165.69
-103.39
22.09
156.52
218.02
156.51
0.00

378
396
414
432
450
468
486
504
522
540
558
576
594
612
630
648
666
684
702
720

720

720

M1

0
-164
-232
-175
-42
84
150
149
108
55
0
-55
-109
-151
-155
-96
19
130
151
48
0

sum M0-1
Pal 1-2
0
-164
-232
-175
-42
84
150
149
108
55
0
-55
-109
-151
-155
-96
19
130
151
48
0

M2

0
157
218
157
22
-103
-166
-161
-116
-74
0
74
149
217
258
259
254
365
739
729
0

sum M1-2
Pal 2-3
0
-7
-14
-19
-20
-19
-16
-12
-8
-19
0
19
40
66
102
163
273
495
890
777
0

M3

0
-55
-109
-151
-155
-96
19
130
151
48
0
729
739
365
254
259
258
217
149
74
0

sum M1-3
Pal 3-4
0
-62
-123
-170
-175
-115
3
119
143
29
0
748
779
431
357
421
531
712
1039
851
0

M4

0
-74
-116
-161
-166
-103
22
157
218
157
0
-164
-232
-175
-42
84
150
149
108
55
0

729
739
365
254
259
258
217
149
74
0
-74
-116
-161
-166
-103
22
157
218
157
0

729
739
365
254
259
258
217
149
74
0
-74
-116
-161
-166
-103
22
157
218
157
0

48
151
130
19
-96
-155
-151
-109
-55
0
55
108
149
150
84
-42
-175
-232
-164
0

777
890
495
273
163
102
66
40
19
0
-19
-8
-12
-16
-19
-20
-19
-14
-7
0

-74
-116
-161
-166
-103
22
157
218
157
0
-7
-14
-19
-20
-19
-16
-12
-8
-19
0

703
774
334
108
59
125
222
258
176
0
-26
-21
-30
-36
-38
-36
-30
-21
-26
0

-55
-109
-151
-155
-96
19
130
151
48
0
729
739
365
254
259
258
217
149
74
0

sum M1-4
Pal 3-4
0
-136
-239
-331
-341
-218
25
275
361
186
0
584
547
255
315
506
681
862
1148
905
0

Mr

0
-209
-355
-492
-507
-322
47
432
579
342
0
420
315
80
272
590
831
1011
1256
960
0

Verificare:
n=
Mmed=
Pi=

5000 rot/min
93 Nm
49 kW

Vs=
pi=
i=
Pip=

0.477 l
8.60 N/m^2
4
0.00 kW

deltaP=

10.000 %

Mrez01min=
Mrez12min=
Mrez23min=
Mrez34min=
Mrmin=

-232
-20
-175
-341
-507

Mrez01max=
Mrez12max=
Mrez23max=
Mrez34max=

739
890
1039
1148

648
665
183
-47
-37
143
352
409
224
0
702
718
335
219
221
222
187
128
48
0

593
555
31
-203
-132
162
483
560
272
0
1431
1457
700
473
479
479
404
277
122
0

Mrmax=

1457

alfa
[grd.RAC]
0
18
36
54
72
90
108
126
144
162
180
198
216
234
252
270
288
306
324
342
360

Zm
[N]

Zmc
[N]

Tm
[N]

Rm
[N]

-10473.5
-8929.3
-5278.6
-1716.8
-45.8
-563.9
-2276.4
-3962.5
-4998.2
-5417.3
-5549.7
-5458.0
-5042.3
-4020.4
-2354.4
-640.2
-20.4
-1277.0
-3437.3
-2636.7
1624.6

-50100.7
-48556.6
-44905.9
-41344.1
-39673.0
-40191.2
-41903.7
-43589.8
-44625.5
-45044.6
-45177.0
-45085.3
-44669.5
-43647.6
-41981.7
-40267.5
-39647.7
-40904.3
-43064.6
-42264.0
-38002.6

0.00
-3776.35
-5352.28
-4041.97
-976.83
1950.16
3463.14
3446.16
2503.24
1258.23
0.00
-1267.69
-2525.30
-3496.47
-3581.76
-2214.13
436.33
3006.58
3485.30
1115.10
0.00

25050.4
24351.6
22611.9
20770.6
19842.5
20119.2
21023.3
21862.9
22347.8
22531.1
22588.5
22551.6
22370.4
21893.7
21067.1
20164.2
19825.1
20507.3
21602.7
21139.3
19001.3

np=
omega=
S=
R=
m2=

Rm med=
Rm max=
grad soc=

378
396
414
432
450
468
486
504
522
540
558
576
594
612
630
648
666
684
702
720

39769.6
16827.3
3579.1
275.2
-1726.4
-3908.5
-5760.2
-6877.5
-7351.3
-7461.9
-7325.1
-5350.6
-4272.3
-2514.2
-690.1
-23.9
-1534.7
-4963.5
-8542.5
-10087.3

142.3
-22799.9
-36048.2
-39352.1
-41353.7
-43535.8
-45387.4
-46504.7
-46978.6
-47089.2
-46952.4
-44977.8
-43899.5
-42141.5
-40317.4
-39651.2
-41162.0
-44590.7
-48169.8
-49714.6

16819.14
17062.13
8426.40
5874.69
5970.54
5945.94
5009.56
3444.43
1707.43
0.00
-1701.34
-2679.71
-3715.54
-3824.84
-2386.74
509.96
3613.20
5032.72
3612.76
0.00

8409.9
14238.6
18510.0
19894.1
20891.2
21970.0
22831.5
23316.1
23504.8
23544.6
23491.6
22528.8
22028.2
21157.4
20194.0
19827.2
20660.1
22436.9
24152.5
24857.3

5000
523.33
87
43.3
3.340

21260
###
###

rot/min
rad/s
mm
mm
Kg

Rm
[N]

alfa
Z
[grd.RAC] [N]
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

0
18
36
54
72
90
108
126
144
162
180
198
216
234
252
270
288
306
324
342
360

-10473.47
-8929.35
-5278.62
-1716.81
-45.75
-563.90
-2276.45
-3962.51
-4998.19
-5417.30
-5549.72
-5458.04
-5042.25
-4020.36
-2354.42
-640.23
-20.44
-1277.03
-3437.33
-2636.70
1624.65

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

378
396
414
432
450
468
486
504
522
540
558
576
594
612
630
648
666
684
702
720

39769.58
16827.33
3579.08
275.15
-1726.43
-3908.48
-5760.16
-6877.46
-7351.30
-7461.87
-7325.10
-5350.55
-4272.26
-2514.21
-690.14
-23.89
-1534.69
-4963.46
-8542.51
-10087.31

Diagrama ploar\ a fusului palier


Tp [N]

15000
10000
5000
0
-2000
-5000

-7000

3000

-10000
Zp [N]

Rp [N]

For]a rezultant\ pe fusul palier


25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
-80

20

120

220

320
[alfa]

420

5000
0
-80

20

120

220

320
[alfa]

420

Z1
[N]
-10473.47
-8929.348816
-5278.623696
-1716.812047
-45.75231714
-563.9021609
-2276.446395
-3962.50906
-4998.188357
-5417.29626
-5549.718353
-5458.035966
-5042.250072
-4020.358251
-2354.420948
-640.2321888
-20.43633798
-1277.034756
-3437.334996
-2636.701533
1624.6451731

Z2
[N]

T1
[N]
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

T2
[N]
0.00
-3776.35
-5352.28
-4041.97
-976.83
1950.16
3463.14
3446.16
2503.24
1258.23
0.00
-1267.69
-2525.30
-3496.47
-3581.76
-2214.13
436.33
3006.58
3485.30
1115.10
0.00

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Zp
[N]

Tp
[N]

-5236.73551
-4464.67441
-2639.31185
-858.406024
-22.8761586
-281.95108
-1138.2232
-1981.25453
-2499.09418
-2708.64813
-2774.85918
-2729.01798
-2521.12504
-2010.17913
-1177.21047
-320.116094
-10.218169
-638.517378
-1718.6675
-1318.35077
812.3225865

0
-1888.1765822
-2676.1396106
-2020.9853631
-488.41650186
975.077989018
1731.56881792
1723.07848259
1251.61878938
629.115383584
3.398222E-013
-633.84652157
-1262.6524813
-1748.2339319
-1790.8798153
-1107.0649458
218.162605263
1503.29126198
1742.64900627
557.549961629
-1.989617E-013

39769.576893
16827.32742
3579.0804464
275.1549933
-1726.425298
-3908.483493
-5760.164127
-6877.460342
-7351.300768
-7461.874008
-7325.103586
-5350.552664
-4272.260542
-2514.206875
-690.1449103
-23.88528663
-1534.692625
-4963.461826
-8542.514175
-10087.31084

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-8929.34882
-5278.6237
-1716.81205
-45.7523171
-563.902161
-2276.44639
-3962.50906
-4998.18836
-5417.29626
-5549.71835
-5458.03597
-5042.25007

16819.14
17062.13
8426.40
5874.69
5970.54
5945.94
5009.56
3444.43
1707.43
0.00
-1701.34
-2679.71
-3715.54
-3824.84
-2386.74
509.96
3613.20
5032.72
3612.76
0.00

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-3776.353
-5352.279
-4041.971
-976.833
1950.156
3463.138
3446.157
2503.238
1258.231
6.80E-013
-1267.693
-2525.305

ama ploar\ a fusului palier


15000
10000
5000
0
-2000
-5000

3000

8000

13000

-10000
Zp [N]

ezultant\ pe fusul palier

120

220

320
[alfa]

420

520

620

720

19884.78845
8413.66371
1789.540223
137.5774967
-863.212649
-1954.24175
-2880.08206
-3438.73017
-8480.53013
-6983.47024
-5024.3697
-2826.37079
-2150.46599
-1897.43874
-1800.7315
-2091.59526
-3213.56242
-5158.00696
-7070.77163
-7808.78233

8409.56998367
8531.06416379
4213.19806473
2937.34279898
2985.26841033
2972.9705733
2504.78035806
1722.21572546
212.10642343
-1883.8040711
-2573.0802965
-1804.8768449
-842.84981279
58.3291605395
991.902634884
2122.34974756
3128.94094732
3249.42872387
1916.00827938
-551.75712977

120

220

320
[alfa]

420

520

620

720

Rp
[N]

alfa
S=
R=
np=
omega=
m2=
psi=

5236.73551234
4847.52806835
3758.68198274
2195.7328479
488.951938257
1015.02388959
2072.16857856
2625.71304036 Rpmed=
2794.99933922 Rpmax=
2780.74825491
2774.85917658 grad soc=
2801.66032294
2819.63875971
2664.04617027
2143.14605505
1152.41793987
218.401770397
1633.2755616
2447.57911587
1431.40165701
812.322586542

87
43.3
5000
523.33
3.340
180

3995.8
21589.94
5.403185

mm
mm
rot/min
rad/s
Kg
grade

[grd.RAC]

0
0
18
36
54
72
90
108
126
144
162
180
198
216
234
252
270
288
306
324
342

Zm
[N]
0
-10473.5
-8929.3
-5278.6
-1716.8
-45.8
-563.9
-2276.4
-3962.5
-4998.2
-5417.3
-5549.7
-5458.0
-5042.3
-4020.4
-2354.4
-640.2
-20.4
-1277.0
-3437.3
-2636.7

21589.9439293
11982.0195624
4577.4984591
2940.56291997
3107.56553572
3557.75418408
3816.90939551
3845.89289926
8483.18220683
7233.08885663
5644.9121441
3353.49851218
2309.74020138
1898.33507994
2055.84648777
2979.78844262
4485.22629198
6096.21381326
7325.76952638
7828.25123376

360
378
396
414
432
450
468
486
504
522
540
558
576
594
612
630
648
666
684
702
720

1624.6
39769.6
16827.3
3579.1
275.2
-1726.4
-3908.5
-5760.2
-6877.5
-7351.3
-7461.9
-7325.1
-5350.6
-4272.3
-2514.2
-690.1
-23.9
-1534.7
-4963.5
-8542.5
-10087.3

Tabelul 2.3.

Zmc
[N]

Tm
[N]
0
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

0
0
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

Rm
[N]
0
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

Zp
[N]

Tp
[N]

Rp
[N]

0
-5236.73551
-4464.67441
-2639.31185
-858.406024
-22.8761586
-281.95108
-1138.2232
-1981.25453
-2499.09418
-2708.64813
-2774.85918
-2729.01798
-2521.12504
-2010.17913
-1177.21047
-320.116094
-10.218169
-638.517378
-1718.6675
-1318.35077

0
0
-1888.176582
-2676.139611
-2020.985363
-488.4165019
975.077989
1731.568818
1723.078483
1251.618789
629.1153836
3.39822E-013
-633.8465216
-1262.652481
-1748.233932
-1790.879815
-1107.064946
218.1626053
1503.291262
1742.649006
557.5499616

0
5236.735512
4847.528068
3758.681983
2195.732848
488.9519383
1015.02389
2072.168579
2625.71304
2794.999339
2780.748255
2774.859177
2801.660323
2819.63876
2664.04617
2143.146055
1152.41794
218.4017704
1633.275562
2447.579116
1431.401657

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
-43899.54
-42141.48
-40317.42
-39651.16
-41161.97
-44590.74
-48169.79
-49714.59

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
-3715.54
-3824.84
-2386.74
509.96
3613.20
5032.72
3612.76
0.00

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

812.322587
19884.7884
8413.66371
1789.54022
137.577497
-863.212649
-1954.24175
-2880.08206
-3438.73017
-8480.53013
-6983.47024
-5024.3697
-2826.37079
-2150.46599
-1897.43874
-1800.7315
-2091.59526
-3213.56242
-5158.00696
-7070.77163
-7808.78233

-1.9896E-013
8409.569984
8531.064164
4213.198065
2937.342799
2985.26841
2972.970573
2504.780358
1722.215725
212.1064234
-1883.804071
-2573.080297
-1804.876845
-842.8498128
58.32916054
991.9026349
2122.349748
3128.940947
3249.428724
1916.008279
-551.7571298

812.3225865
21589.94393
11982.01956
4577.498459
2940.56292
3107.565536
3557.754184
3816.909396
3845.892899
8483.182207
7233.088857
5644.912144
3353.498512
2309.740201
1898.33508
2055.846488
2979.788443
4485.226292
6096.213813
7325.769526
7828.251234

alfa

M1
0
0
18
36
54
72
90
108
126
144
162
180
198
216
234
252
270
288
306
324
342

0
0.0
-163.6
-231.9
-175.1
-42.3
84.5
150.0
149.3
108.4
54.5
0.0
-54.9
-109.4
-151.5
-155.2
-95.9
18.9
130.2
151.0
48.3

sum M0-1
Pal 1-2
0
0.0
-163.6
-231.9
-175.1
-42.3
84.5
150.0
149.3
108.4
54.5
0.0
-54.9
-109.4
-151.5
-155.2
-95.9
18.9
130.2
151.0
48.3

M2
0
0.0
156.5
218.0
156.5
22.1
-103.4
-165.7
-161.0
-116.1
-73.7
0.0
74.0
149.2
217.0
257.6
258.6
254.5
365.0
739.1
728.6

sum M1-2
Pal 2-3
0
0.0
-7.1
-13.8
-18.6
-20.2
-18.9
-15.7
-11.7
-7.6
-19.2
0.0
19.0
39.8
65.5
102.4
162.7
273.4
495.3
890.1
776.9

M3
0
0.0
-54.9
-109.4
-151.5
-155.2
-95.9
18.9
130.2
151.0
48.3
0.0
728.6
739.1
365.0
254.5
258.6
257.6
217.0
149.2
74.0

360
378
396
414
432
450
468
486
504
522
540
558
576
594
612
630
648
666
684
702
720

0.0
728.6
739.1
365.0
254.5
258.6
257.6
217.0
149.2
74.0
0.0
-73.7
-116.1
-161.0
-165.7
-103.4
22.1
156.5
218.0
156.5
0.0

0.0
728.6
739.1
365.0
254.5
258.6
257.6
217.0
149.2
74.0
0.0
-73.7
-116.1
-161.0
-165.7
-103.4
22.1
156.5
218.0
156.5
0.0

0.0
48.3
151.0
130.2
18.9
-95.9
-155.2
-151.5
-109.4
-54.9
0.0
54.5
108.4
149.3
150.0
84.5
-42.3
-175.1
-231.9
-163.6
0.0

0.0
776.9
890.1
495.3
273.4
162.7
102.4
65.5
39.8
19.0
0.0
-19.2
-7.6
-11.7
-15.7
-18.9
-20.2
-18.6
-13.8
-7.1
0.0

0.0
-73.7
-116.1
-161.0
-165.7
-103.4
22.1
156.5
218.0
156.5
0.0
-7.1
-13.8
-18.6
-20.2
-18.9
-15.7
-11.7
-7.6
-19.2
0.0

Tabelul 2.4.

sum M1-3
Pal 3-4
0
0.0
-62.0
-123.2
-170.0
-175.4
-114.8
3.2
118.6
143.3
29.1
0.0
747.7
779.0
430.6
356.9
421.4
531.0
712.3
1039.3
850.9

M4
0
0.0
-73.7
-116.1
-161.0
-165.7
-103.4
22.1
156.5
218.0
156.5
0.0
-163.6
-231.9
-175.1
-42.3
84.5
150.0
149.3
108.4
54.5

sum M1-4
Pal 3-4
0
0.0
-135.7
-239.3
-331.0
-341.1
-218.2
25.3
275.1
361.4
185.6
0.0
584.1
547.1
255.5
314.6
505.9
681.0
861.6
1147.8
905.4

Mr
0
0.0
-209.4
-355.4
-492.0
-506.8
-321.6
47.4
431.6
579.4
342.1
0.0
420.5
315.2
80.4
272.3
590.3
831.0
1010.9
1256.2
959.9

0.0
703.2
774.0
334.3
107.7
59.3
124.5
222.1
257.8
175.6
0.0
-26.3
-21.5
-30.2
-35.9
-37.8
-35.9
-30.2
-21.5
-26.3
0.0

0.0
-54.9
-109.4
-151.5
-155.2
-95.9
18.9
130.2
151.0
48.3
0.0
728.6
739.1
365.0
254.5
258.6
257.6
217.0
149.2
74.0
0.0

0.0
648.3
664.6
182.9
-47.5
-36.6
143.4
352.3
408.8
223.9
0.0
702.3
717.6
334.8
218.6
220.8
221.7
186.8
127.7
47.7
0.0

0.0
593.4
555.2
31.4
-202.6
-132.5
162.3
482.6
559.8
272.2
0.0
1430.9
1456.8
699.8
473.1
479.5
479.3
403.8
276.9
121.6
0.0