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32 A: I'm sure we'll have a great time at Joan's party tomorrow night. B: Yes, | agree. All our friends will be there. ‘A: Will your father let you take the car? B: No, I'm afraid he won't. We form the future simple with will and the bare Infinitive. Will is used for all persons. .g. Susan will post the letters tomorrow morning. We form questions by putting will before the sub- ject. . Will Kate lend you her book? We form negations by putting not after will. The short form of will not is won't. 2.9. He will not/won't pay the bill. ' wil " He/Shelit wil " } phone. YouMe/They will W INCHCe RIVE | wit 1 will he/she/t } phone? will youtwelthey Recut | I will not won't He/Shejt will not won't } phone YouWe/They willnot won't {or future actions which may or may not happen. We'll visit Disney Worid one cay. for predictions about the future. Lite will be better lity years from now. % for threats or warnings. shoot. for promises or on-the-spot decisions. 1 help you with your homework. ® with the verbs hope, think, believe, expect, etc. the expressions I'm sure, I'm afrald, etc. and the adverbs probably, perhaps, etc. 1 think he will support me. He will probably go to work ioe = Time expressions used with the future simple include: tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week/month/ year, tonight, soon, in a week/monthiyear, etc. What will life be like in the 21st century? Look at the prompts and make sentences using will or won't, as in the example. People / live longer v People will live longer. Robots / do most of the work People / use electric cars Pollution / disappear People / die of serious diseases Children / stop going to schoo! People / go on holiday to the moon Nousen SLRS We use: ‘ Will you ...? to ask someone to do something for us (request). eg. Will you post these letters for me, please? an you post these letters for me, please?) © Shall | ...2 when we offer to do something for someone else. eg. Shall | help you clean your room? ‘Do you want me to help you clean your room?) © Shall we ...? to make a suggestion. eg. Shall we go to the theatre tonight? (=Why don't we go to the theatre tonight?) ‘Ask questions using the prompt: the example. 1 Tho garden is vory untidy. (I/ cut / the grass) Shall | cut the grass? 2 It's a lovely evening. (we / go for / a walk) 3. Ineed a hot drink. (1/ make / some tea) 4 It's very quiet in here. (1/ turn on / the radio) 5 The Smiths are back. (we / visit / them) 6 I've cut my finger. (|/ get /a plaster) What does will/shall express in each sen- tence? Underline the correct meaning. 1. Tidy your room or I won't let you go to the party. (threatirequest) 2. Your daughter will have a very successful career. (warning/prediction) Shall | carry your shopping bags for you? (offer/suggestion) Vil buy a present for my mother (on-the-spot decision/preciction) Will you take out the rubbish, please? (suggestion/request) Replace the words in italics with Will you, Shall | of Shall we, as in the example. Why don't we spend ourholidays in Spain this summer? Stall we spend our holidays in Spain thie sum- mer? Do you want me 10 go to the supermarket for you? Can you pick up the children trom school for me, please? Why don't we listen to that new CD? Do you want me to book the tickets for you? Can you take my jacket to the dry-cleaner's for me, please? ‘eg, Will you pay the bills? Yes, I will Will you Yes, we will. No, ime wont. Yes, he/sheit wil 2 PEERS No, helsheli wont Nia bays Yes, they wil No, they wont In pairs, ask and answer questions using the prompts below, as in the example. Will you have a party on your birthday thie year? Yeo, I will. / No, won't. have a party on your birthday this year? go to university when you finish school? travel abroad if you have enough money? {go out with your friends at the weekend? watch TV this evening? study hard for next term’s exams? learn how to drive next summer? ‘ Answer the following questions about yourself using | think/I hope// expect I'l. or I'm sure|I'm afraid I'l .., as in the example. e 41 Where will you be at 5 o'clock tomorrow afternoon? expect I'l be at home. Where will you go at the weekend? Where will you spend your holidays? ‘What will you do if you fail your exams? When will you buy your own car? ‘Who will you ask for help if you are in trouble? easen NOTE: We do not use the future simple after: while, before, until, as soon as, after, if and when. We use the present simple instead. e.g. I'll make a phone call while | wait for you. (NOT: .. while-Hwvit-weittor you) “When” can be followed by the future simple if it is used as a question word. e.g. When will you return? don't know when Helen will be back. “When” is followed by the present simple if it is used as a time word. 9. Please phone me when you finish work. a They ...will/l go. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present simple or the future simple. (go) to school when they .. (be) five years old 21 -» (Call) you before |. = (leave) for Paris. 3 He (write) a letter to her every day while he .... (be) at college. 4 We (do) our homework when we seneeneesnnenese (GAL) HOME 5 John... (fix) the tap as soon ashe (come) back from work 6 When ..... sw» (you/pack) your suitcase? 4 Isasganers .« (not/do) anything until you - (be) ready. 8 wren .. (youlphone) me? 9 I promise | (buy) you a present when | (return) from my holiday. 10 When she... .. (pass) her driving test, she (buy) a car. a ESS IDG AU He is going to throw the ball. ‘We use be going to: for plans and intentions we have about the near future. 2.9. Bob is going to drive to Manchestor tomorrow morning. @ when there is evidence that something is going to happen in the near future. @.g Look at thet tree. It is going to fall down. FF Long fon ' am i'm He/She/it is 's Jone ss YouWe/They are ‘ro leave. InCUCeRtIVe Am 1 Is he/shesit ‘going to Are youlwelthey J !eave? ili awn Doves it I am not ‘mnot He/She/t is not isn't aig You/We/They arenot aren't eaves of the verbs from the list. rescue, explode, jump, fall 1 She ...is going to 2 The car jump... out of the plane. into the river. 3 The aeroplane 4 He ‘2g. Are you going to call him? Yes, |am. Yos, | am/we are 2 al No, 'm notiwe aren't Yes, helsheit is. it.2 Bheises No, he/shefitisnt. Rani Yas, they are No, they aren't. Fill in each gap with be going to and one Jennifer and Mark are going to spend their holidays in difforent places this summer. Look at the table. In pairs, ask and answer questions using the prompts given, as in the example. SA: Is Jennifer going to take her passport? SB: Yes, she is. Fill in the gaps with will/shall or the correct form of be going to and the verb in brackets. > (1) ...Shall we go... (welgo) to the football match on Saturday? can't. | (2) sosneuene (help) my sister. ‘Oh yes. She is moving house, isn’t she? That's right. @) ... (yourhelp) us? Yes, I'd like to. What time (4) (Vcome) to your house? I'm not sure yet. | (5) (probably! phone) you on Friday to tell you. Is that alright? Yes. I think | (6) (be) in then. Okay. (7) .. (we/go) for a walk now? Id rather not. Look at those black clouds. t@) a (rain). Let's stay in and waich a video. B: Great idea. POP 2 PORe Fill in the gaps with shall, will or the cor- rect form of be going to. Tho shops are closed tomorrow. 1...will... buy bread and milk today then. we tell Mr Peck about the Ree accident? : That's a good idea. Maybe he can help. I's too dark in here to read. 2 Is it? 1 turn on the light Please come and see us. : We visit you soon, that's a promise. BPEOre | wear a jumper or a coat? : It's very cold. Take your coat. (Gan ws oo Suto play, Mum? : No, we . have dinner now. o PeEOe Shae ou a We can use the future simple, be going to, present continuous or present simple to talk about future actions. a) He'll sell his car. (will: the future action may or may not happen) b) She's going to study abroad next year. (be going to: to express intention) ©) Thoy're leaving for Mexico tomorrow. (present continuous: for an arranged action) d) The bus leaves at nine o'clock. (present simple: for timetabies) A. Jonathan is not satisfied with his life as it is. He has already decided to change a number of things. Look at the prompts and say what he intends to do, as in the exampI © move to the city centre He is going to move to the city centre. = sae! fe © buy a bigger house © apply for a job with a law firm ’ B_ Now look at Jonathan's diary. What has he already arranged to do? Make sentences, as in the example. ‘le Monday, &th April — move to/the city centre 1 He's moving to the city centre on Monday, th Ly April (7 Tueeday, oth Apil— Mr Brown comolcolloctthe car ,* Wednesday, toth April — sign the contractor a new house Friday, 12th April — have an interview with Mr Ford at 10 o'clock 1 Sunday, 20th June — get married 2 Mysister 3. What time .... 4 Natalie 5 Megan... 6 The flight to Berlin Put the verbs in brackets into th present continuous or the present simple. 1 “ls Gordon coming... (Gordonicome) with us tonight?" “No, he .../sn’t... (be/not)” ve (go) to university in September. (the play/start) tomorrow? (have) a birthday party on Saturday. (sing) in the school concert tomorrow night. (leave) at six o'clock. 7 The Browns .. (move) to their new house this wookend 8 Whattime .. (tho forry/roach) Calais tomorrow afternoon? aps with one of the verbs Fill in th from the list in the correct tense. walk, come, post Oh, no! | forgot to post this letter. " cy Don't worry. it for you| ‘on my way home. Tom Ford to our town next week. By cones ne manne Will | take the children to the playground for you? Vil call you when | will finish work. Will you to clean the carpet, please? The film is starting at 8 o'clock. Wait here until he will come. The Queen won't not attend the parade tomorrow. onsenas \ sion Box Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. Dear Martha, 11) ...' writing. (write) to tell you my good news. 12). (save) enough money from my parttime job and, at last, | 3) (open) a flower shop, My father . (own) a shop years ago and . Give) me some advice and suggestions. He 6) (think) that my shop 7) (be) a success, because there isn’t another flower shop in the area. ‘The shop isn’t ready yet. My brother 8). relia the inside of the shop and tomorrow he 9) eee (Paint) the outside. 1 10) .. ww (need) to buy a new sign. My mother 11) evsemerm at (want) me to call the shop “Rose”, but | 12) . (stillthink) aboutit. Anyway, Ijust hope the local people 13) ike) it. 114) (start) work next Monday, 115) . (probably/phone) you some time next week if | 16) . - (have) time. Wish me luck. 4 he) on Best wishes, Nicky ee Rob Brown and Molly Gould are opera singers. A reporter hes interviewed them about their summer plans. Look at the table and, in pairs, ask and answer questions using the prompts, as in the exemple, se aa oi eae Ce 38: Yes, he is. Is Molly going to give any concerts in the summer? A: Yes, sho fs. Rob Brown Molly Gould * give /concerts vi v * g0/to India a x * appear/inaTVshow x v * 90 on holiday in August ¢ s * take part /in charity events % S * sing /at the Queen Mother's birthday x x celebrations + make /a record ¥ x * sing /in a rock opera x “ Look at your notes from the Oral Activity above and ‘complete the newspaper article about Rob Brown and Molly Gould. Rob Brown and Molly Gould, up-and-coming opera ‘singers, talked to our reporter, Emma Smith, yesterday. She asked them about their future plans, and this is what she found out: SEA ORE A GEO EIST summer. Rob ..