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# CURS 1.

ALFABETUL fonetic
A- Ei
B- Bi
C- Si
D- Di
E- I
F- Ef
G- Gi
H- Eigi
I- Uai
J- Gei
K- Chei
L- El
M-Em
N- En
O- u
P- Pi
Q- Q
R- Er
S- Es
T- Ti
U- Iu
V- Vi
WDouble (dabl) iu
X- Ex
Y- Uai grec
Z- Zet

## NUMERALUL CARDINAL / ORDINAL / FRACIONAR /

COLECTIV/ MULTIPLICATIV

1.NUMERALUL Cardinal
0- zero (ziru)/ o (u)
1- One (uan)
2- Two (tu)
3- Three (ftri)
4- Four (fou)
5- Five (faiv)
6- Six
7- Seven (sevn)
8- Eight (eit)
9- Nine (nain)
10Ten
11Eleven (ilevn)
12Twelve (tuelv)
13Thir-TEEN (tr-tin)
14FourTEEN
15FifTEEN (fiftin)
16SixTEEN
17SevenTEEN
18EighTEEN
19NneTEEN
20Twenty
21Twenty one.etc.
30- Thir-TY (tr ti)
40- FourTY
50- FifTY
60- SixTY
70- SevenTY
80- EighTY
90- NineTY
100- one / A hundred ( handred)

## 1000- one/ a thousand ( tauznd)

1 mil. one million
1 miliard one billion

## REINE! ! ! Three se transform n THIR (tr) i FIVE se

transform n FIF
Adic = THIR teen (13)/ THIR ty (30) i FIF-teen (15) /
FIF-ty (50)
ntrebuinarea numeralului cardinal:
* pentru STABILIREA CANTITII (2 pachete / 3 flori / 7 zile etc.)
* pentru exprimarea anilor calendaristici:
1945 variante: 19 45 = nineteen fourtyfive
1945 = one thousand nine hundred
fourtyfive (mai puin utilizat) / nineteen hundreds fourtyfive
`45 = in the fourtyfive`s / around
(raund) the forty`s
1905- variante: 19 0 -5 ninteen o (u) five
1905 nineteen hundreds o five

## 2005- variante: 20- 0- 3 Twenty o three

2003- two thousand three
* pentru exprimarea orei
Varianta simpl :

## ex: 12:15 = twelve fifteen / 15:36 = fifteen thirtysix sau three

thirtysix p.m (pi. em)
Atenie! Varianta complex o gseti la numeralul fracionar!

## 2.NUMERALUL ORDINAL (al ordinii)

PRIMUL (a) / NTI FIRST (frst) 1st
Al II lea SECOND (secnd) 2nd
Urmtorul NEXT
Al III lea THIRD 3rd
Al IV- lea FOURTH 4TH
Al V-lea FIFTH 5th
Al VI-lea SixTH 6th
...................
Al 14 lea FourteenTH 14th
ATENIE!
Al 21 lea TwentyFIRST 21st
Al 22-lea TwentySECOND 22nd
Al 23 lea TwentyTHIRD 23rd
Al 25-lea TwentyFIFth 25th
Al 26-lea TwentysixTH 26th
.......................
Al 31- lea Thirty FIRST 31st
Al 32-lea TirtySECOND 32nd etc.

## Al 101-lea A hundred FIRST 101st etc

ntrebuinare:
* determinarea ordinii : al treilea scaun din rndul 2
* exprimarea datei calendaristice :
LUNILE ANULUI:
January (genuri)
Februray (februri)
March (marci)
April (eipril)
May (mei)
June (giun)
July (giulai)
August (ogst)
September (septemb)
!!!! October (octob)
November (Novemb)
Dicembre (disemb)

DATA:
exemplu: 1 Mai 2015 FIRST (of- v) MAY twenty fifteen
scris: 1st May 2015

## 3 Iunie 1999 THIRD (of- v) June nineteen ninetynine

scris: 3rd June 1999
21 Aug 1908 twentyFIRST (of- v) AUG nineteen o(u) eight
22 April 2001 twentySECOND Apr. Two thousand one
31 Dec 2009 thirtyFIRST Dec. Twenty o nine
Etc.

## FIRST / SECOND / THIRD / FIFTh

3. NUMERALUL FRACIONAR
Un sfert - A QUARTER cuartr
O jumtate - AN HALF ( n haf) / HALF
1/3 o treime ONE THIRD ( e o combinaie de numeral cardinal
i ordinal primul cardinal, al doi-lea ordinal)
Alt exemplu: 2/5 dou cincimi two fifths (s e aferent pluralului)
1/ 5 o cincime one fifth (cincime- fifth / cincimi fifths vezi
mai multe la SUBSTANTIV )

ntrebuinare:
* determinarea cantitii : jumtate de kilogram / litru etc = half a
kg / litre of
* exprimarea orei : varianta complex:

## 11.30 = jumtate trecut de / dup 11 AA SE TRADUCE

REINE! ! ! !
CUVINTE CHEIE:
Trecut / dup PAST
Pn la TO
Exemple: 11.30 Half PAST eleven
11.15 A QUARTER PAST eleven (un sfert trecut de 11)
11.45 A QUARTER TO twelve (un sfert pn la 12)
ATENIE! Tot timpul jumtatea se folosete cu PAST!
16.30 Sixteen thirty (varianta simpl)
- Half past Sixteen / Half past four (a.m / p.m ) varianta
complex

4.NUMERALUL COLECTIV
Doi, dou COUPLE (capl) / PAIR (per - pereche)
Duzini DOZEN (dazn)
Douzeci (britanic) SCORE
TEAM echip / grup

## ntrebuinare: determinarea colectivitii = a couple of weeks (2

spt.)
5. NUMERALUL MULTIPLICATIV:
O dat ONCE (oans) / single time (singl taim)

## De 2 ori TWICE (tuais)

De 3 ori THRICE (ftrais) / three times
De 4 ori Four times
De 5 ori Five times
De 10 ori ten times
Etc.

6.NUMERALUL DISTRIBUTIV.
One BY one unul CTE unu
2 BY 2 - = / =
Cte 2 BY twos
Cte 3 BY threes
2 i 2 / 2 i 3 etc 2 AND 2 / 3 AND 3