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Calculus II Homework

Section 9.4 Lagrange Multipliers


Problems 1-15 odd, 19-25 odd
Using Lagrange Multipliers
1. Write the constraint in the form g(x, y) = 0.
2. For the Lagrange function
Fx, y, λ=fx, y-λ∙g(x, y).
3. Find Fxx, y, λ, Fyx, y, λ, Fλx, y, λ.
4. Form the system of equations
Fxx, y, λ=0, Fyx, y, λ=0, Fλx, y, λ=0.
5. Solve the system in Step 4; the relative extrema for ƒ are among the solutions of the system.

1. Maximum of ƒx, y=4xy, subject to x+y=16

3. Maximum of ƒx, y=xy2, subject to x+2y=15

5. Minimum of ƒx, y=x2+2y2- xy, subject to x+y=8

7. Maximum of ƒx, y=x2-10y2, subject to x-y=18


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9. Maximum of ƒx, y=xyz2, subject to x+y+z=6

11. Find positive numbers x and y such that x+y=24 and 3xy2 is maximized.

13. Find three positive numbers whose sum is 90 and whose product is a maximum.

15. Explain the difference between the two methods we used in Sections 3 and 4 to solve extrema
problems.

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19. Show that the three equations in Step 4 of the box “Using Lagrange Multipliers” are equivalent to
the three equations
Fxx, y=λgx(x, y), Fyx, y=λgy(x, y), gx, y=0.

21. Maximum Area for Fixed Expenditure. To enclose a yard, a fence is built against a large building,
so that fencing material is used only on three sides. Material for the ends cost $15 per ft; material for the
side opposite the building cost $25 per ft. Find the dimensions of the yard of maximum area that can be
enclosed for $2400.

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23. Profit. The profit for the sale of x units of radiators for automobiles and y units of radiators for
generators is given by
Px, y=-x2-y2+4x+8y
Find values of x and y that lead to a maximum profit if the firm must produce a total of 6 units of
radiators.

25. Production. For another product, the manufacturing firm in Exercise 24 estimates that production is
a function of labor x and capital y as follows:
fx, y=12x3/4y1/4
If $25,200 is available for labor and capital, and if the firm’s cost are $100 and $180 per unit,
respectively, how many units of labor and capital will give maximum production?