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Valorile forelor i momentelor prezentate mai sus sunt centralizate n tabelul 4.

1
V[mm3]
44.83
48.55

p[MPa]
0.08
0.08

Fp[N]
47017.40
45831.35

F[N]
-72.58
-72.58

Ft [N]
-17349.42
-16911.77

N[N]
-17422.00
-16984.35

K[N]
0.00
0.05

Z[N]
0.00
2.85

T[N]
0.00
-844.54

M[Nm]
-17422.00
-17005.34

20
30

59.51
77.17

0.08
0.08

42366.16
36890.94

-72.58
-72.58

-15633.11
-13612.76

-15705.70
-13685.34

0.10
0.14

5.61
8.22

-1543.70
-1977.33

-15781.38
-13827.45

40
50

100.66
128.88

0.08
0.08

29823.06
21685.19

-72.58
-72.58

-11004.71
-8001.84

-11077.29
-8074.42

0.18
0.22

10.59
12.66

-2071.73
-1813.06

-11269.36
-8275.47

60
70

160.53
194.26

0.08
0.08

13052.26
4494.49

-72.58
-72.58

-4816.29
-1658.47

-4888.87
-1731.05

0.25
0.27

14.34
15.59

-1249.83
-482.99

-5046.10
-1797.17

80
90

228.70
262.61

0.08
0.08

-3477.09
-10456.44

-72.58
-72.58

1283.05
3858.42

1210.46
3785.84

0.29
0.29

16.36
16.62

355.32
1129.95

1261.54
3950.87

100
110

294.87
324.59

0.08
0.08

-16174.58
-20514.68

-72.58
-72.58

5968.42
7569.92

5895.84
7497.33

0.29
0.27

16.36
15.59

1730.66
2091.89

6144.60
7783.70

120
130

351.06
373.82

0.08
0.08

-23508.70
-25316.67

-72.58
-72.58

8674.71
9341.85

8602.13
9269.27

0.25
0.22

14.34
12.66

2199.13
2081.36

8878.78
9500.07

140
150

392.58
407.18

0.08
0.08

-26191.58
-26434.50

-72.58
-72.58

9664.69
9754.33

9592.11
9681.75

0.18
0.14

10.59
8.22

1793.96
1398.87

9758.43
9782.28

160
170

417.59
423.82

0.08
0.08

-26345.97
-26179.68

-72.58
-72.58

9721.66
9660.30

9649.08
9587.72

0.10
0.05

5.61
2.85

948.40
476.75

9695.58
9599.57

180
190

425.89
423.82

0.08
0.08

-26104.53
-26179.68

-72.58
-70.20

9632.57
9660.30

9559.99
9590.11

0.00
-0.05

0.00
-2.85

0.00
-476.87

9559.99
9601.96

200
210

417.59
407.18

0.09
0.09

-26345.97
-26434.50

-62.86
-50.02

9721.66
9754.33

9658.81
9704.31

-0.10
-0.14

-5.61
-8.22

-949.36
-1402.13

9705.35
9805.08

220
230

392.58
373.82

0.09
0.10

-26191.58
-25316.67

-30.70
-3.36

9664.69
9341.85

9633.99
9338.50

-0.18
-0.22

-10.59
-12.66

-1801.79
-2096.90

9801.03
9571.02

240
250

351.06
324.59

0.11
0.12

-23508.70
-20514.68

34.34
85.86

8674.71
7569.92

8709.05
7655.78

-0.25
-0.27

-14.34
-15.59

-2226.46
-2136.10

8989.14
7948.20

[]
0
10

260
270

294.87
262.61

0.13
0.16

-16174.58
-10456.44

156.41
253.95

5968.42
3858.42

6124.83
4112.38

-0.29
-0.29

-16.36
-16.62

-1797.88
-1227.41

6383.25
4291.64

280
290

228.70
194.26

0.19
0.23

-3477.09
4494.49

390.93
587.19

1283.05
-1658.47

1673.98
-1071.27

-0.29
-0.27

-16.36
-15.59

-491.38
298.90

1744.60
-1112.19

300
310

160.53
128.88

0.29
0.39

13052.26
21685.19

874.93
1306.16

-4816.29
-8001.84

-3941.36
-6695.67

-0.25
-0.22

-14.34
-12.66

1007.60
1503.47

-4068.11
-6862.39

320
330

100.66
77.17

0.53
0.75

29823.06
36890.94

1960.82
2939.30

-11004.71
-13612.76

-9043.89
-10673.46

-0.18
-0.14

-10.59
-8.22

1691.43
1542.15

-9200.70
-10784.29

340
350

59.51
48.55

1.04
1.35

42366.16
45831.35

4278.31
5686.99

-15633.11
-16911.77

-11354.81
-11224.78

-0.10
-0.05

-5.61
-2.85

1116.05
558.15

-11409.52
-11238.65

360
370

44.83
48.55

7.03
6.35

47017.40
45831.35

31436.42
28345.92

-17349.42
-16911.77

14087.00
11434.15

0.00
0.05

0.00
2.85

0.00
568.56

14087.00
11448.28

380
390

59.51
77.17

4.89
3.51

42366.16
36890.94

21739.21
15459.26

-15633.11
-13612.76

6106.10
1846.50

0.10
0.14

5.61
8.22

600.16
266.79

6135.52
1865.68

400
410

100.66
128.88

2.50
1.82

29823.06
21685.19

10870.22
7799.86

-11004.71
-8001.84

-134.49
-201.97

0.18
0.22

10.59
12.66

-25.15
-45.35

-136.82
-207.00

420
430

160.53
194.26

1.37
1.08

13052.26
4494.49

5777.37
4427.89

-4816.29
-1658.47

961.09
2769.43

0.25
0.27

14.34
15.59

245.70
772.72

992.00
2875.21

440
450

228.70
262.61

0.87
0.73

-3477.09
-10456.44

3507.41
2864.99

1283.05
3858.42

4790.46
6723.42

0.29
0.29

16.36
16.62

1406.18
2006.72

4992.58
7016.50

460
470

294.87
324.59

0.63
0.56

-16174.58
-20514.68

2407.52
2076.65

5968.42
7569.92

8375.94
9646.57

0.29
0.27

16.36
15.59

2458.66
2691.56

8729.34
10015.03

480
490

351.06
373.82

0.50
0.47

-23508.70
-25316.67

1835.02
1658.21

8674.71
9341.85

10509.73
11000.06

0.25
0.22

14.34
12.66

2686.80
2470.00

10847.74
11273.96

500
510

392.58
407.18

0.44
0.42

-26191.58
-26434.50

1529.95
1439.35

9664.69
9754.33

11194.64
11193.68

0.18
0.14

10.59
8.22

2093.68
1617.32

11388.75
11309.92

520
530

417.59
423.82

0.40
0.40

-26345.97
-26179.68

1379.15
1344.73

9721.66
9660.30

11100.81
11005.04

0.10
0.05

5.61
2.85

1091.09
547.22

11154.31
11018.64

540

425.89

0.39

-26104.53

1333.54

9632.57

10966.11

0.00

0.00

0.00

10966.11

550
560

423.82
417.59

0.12
0.12

-26179.68
-26345.97

68.05
68.05

9660.30
9721.66

9728.35
9789.71

-0.05
-0.10

-2.85
-5.61

-483.74
-962.22

9740.37
9836.89

570
580

407.18
392.58

0.12
0.12

-26434.50
-26191.58

68.05
68.05

9754.33
9664.69

9822.38
9732.74

-0.14
-0.18

-8.22
-10.59

-1419.19
-1820.26

9924.38
9901.49

590
600

373.82
351.06

0.12
0.12

-25316.67
-23508.70

68.05
68.05

9341.85
8674.71

9409.90
8742.76

-0.22
-0.25

-12.66
-14.34

-2112.94
-2235.08

9644.21
9023.93

610
620

324.59
294.87

0.12
0.12

-20514.68
-16174.58

68.05
68.05

7569.92
5968.42

7637.96
6036.47

-0.27
-0.29

-15.59
-16.36

-2131.12
-1771.94

7929.70
6291.16

630
640

262.61
228.70

0.12
0.12

-10456.44
-3477.09

68.05
68.05

3858.42
1283.05

3926.47
1351.09

-0.29
-0.29

-16.62
-16.36

-1171.92
-396.60

4097.63
1408.10

650
660

194.26
160.53

0.12
0.12

4494.49
13052.26

68.05
68.05

-1658.47
-4816.29

-1590.42
-4748.24

-0.27
-0.25

-15.59
-14.34

443.75
1213.88

-1651.17
-4900.95

670
680

128.88
100.66

0.12
0.12

21685.19
29823.06

68.05
68.05

-8001.84
-11004.71

-7933.79
-10936.66

-0.22
-0.18

-12.66
-10.59

1781.48
2045.43

-8131.34
-11126.29

690
700

77.17
59.51

0.12
0.12

36890.94
42366.16

68.05
68.05

-13612.76
-15633.11

-13544.71
-15565.07

-0.14
-0.10

-8.22
-5.61

1957.01
1529.88

-13685.36
-15640.07

710
720

48.55
44.83

0.12
0.12

45831.35
47017.40

68.05
68.05

-16911.77
-17349.42

-16843.72
-17281.37

-0.05
0.00

-2.85
0.00

837.55
0.00

-16864.53
-17281.37

Pe baza valorilor din tabelul de mai sus s-au ntocmit urmtoarele grafice:

Fig.4.3.Variaia presiunii n funcie de unghiul

Fig.4.4.Reprezentarea grafic a forelor pistonului

Fig.4.5.Reprezentarea grafic a forelor N i K

Fig.4.6.Reprezentarea grafic a forelor Z i T

Fig.4.7.Reprezentarea grafic a momentului motor

4.1.1. Calculul momentului motor rezultant

Aprinderile sunt uniform repartizate n perioada functional a motorului, iar momentele


aferente celor 6 cilindrii sunt decalate unghiular cu:
=

6
= 120

Momentul motor rezultant este suma momentelor produse de fiecare cilindru.


i

M rez = M j
j=1

n tabelul 4.2 sunt centralizate valorile momentelor produse de fiecare cilindru n functie de
unghiul de rotatie a arborelui cotit i momentul motor rezultant.

[RAC]

M1

M2

M3

M4

Mrez

0
5

0.00
-81.43

266.70
256.97

-270.02
-274.40

0.00
62.88

0
-1.79

10
15

-158.80
-228.29

242.04
223.10

-271.47
-260.30

106.91
122.45

-21.11
-66.32

20
25

-286.54
-330.84

201.24
177.42

-240.22
-210.97

111.40
83.02

-134.31
-214.68

30
35

-359.31
-370.96

152.44
126.88

-172.72
-126.23

48.48
17.20

-295.23
-365.61

40
45

-365.71
-344.42

101.18
75.58

-72.82
-14.41

-4.44
-13.06

-418.59
-450.05

50
55

-308.73
-261.00

50.21
25.04

46.57
107.26

-7.72
10.69

-458.37
-443.82

60
65

-204.07
-141.08

0.00
-25.04

164.52
215.13

40.12
77.74

-407.91
-352.99

70
75

-75.26
-9.74

-50.22
-75.63

256.02
284.51

120.40
164.94

-281.88
-197.6

80
85

52.66
109.53

-101.28
-127.08

298.58
297.13

208.40
248.22

-103.22
-1.78

90
95

159.01
199.81

-152.79
-178.00

280.24
249.31

282.38
309.43

103.76
210.47

100
105

231.24
253.15

-202.12
-224.38

207.16
157.67

328.51
339.33

315.45
415.75

110
115

265.85
270.04

-243.85
-259.44

104.95
52.07

342.06
337.28

508.35
590.17

119

267.92

-268.36

10.37

328.62

645.8

Pe baza valorilor din tabelul 4.2. s-a reprezentat grafic variaia momentului motor rezultant,
aceasta fiind prezentat n figura 4.8.

Fig.4.8.Variaia momentului motor resultant

4.1.2. Diagrama polar a fusului maneton


Diagrama polar a fusului maneton servete la verificarea sumar la presiune maxim i
nclzire a fusului i la ncovoiere.
Diagrama reprezint variaia ca mrime i direcie a forei Rm aplicat de biel pe suprafaa
fusului maneton:
R m = FA + K = FA + Z + T [N] , unde
-

FA- fora de inerie a prii din biel n micare de rotaie:


FA = m A R 2 [N] , n care care,

m A = 0.725mb [kg] -masa capului de biel

Valorile forei Rm sunt tabelate n urma calculului efectiv n funcie de fiecare unghi de rotaie al
arborelui cotit [RAC] condorm relaiei urmtoare:
R m = (Z - FA ) 2 + T 2 [N]
Valorile obinute sunt cuprinse n tabelul 4.x. , pe baza acestora construindu- se figura 4.9 n
care este reprezentat diagram polar a fusului maneton

[]

Z[N]

T[N]

0.00

Rm[N]

[]

Z[N]

T[N]

Rm[N]

370

11161.71 2545.44

3331.57

10
20

18101.42
-11319.67 -3781.01 25869.75
-9753.1 -6822.27 24223.39

380
390

5532.59
1465.72

2652.38
1154.30

4375.31
7634.32

30
40

-10863.19 -8555.08 21638.48


-7154.02 -8707.38 18362.12

400
410

-86.86
-95.08

-105.72
-183.87

9099.75
9109.22

50
60

-3801.25 -7350.78 14772.29


-1362.05 -4858.80 11455.76

420
430

267.76
221.08

955.18
2866.69

8796.53
9246.79

70
80

-138.19
-139.72

-1791.85 9324.26
1253.77 9237.48

440
450

-552.97 4961.86 10775.62


-2006.72 6723.42 12908.24

90
100

-1129.95 3785.84 10825.77


-2728.16 5505.74 12967.31

460
470

-3875.78 7821.75 15075.87


-5828.56 8144.24 16928.65

110
120

-4529.97 6329.72 14948.51


-6205.56 6350.10 16489.58

480
490

-7581.70 7758.29 18318.06


-8962.83 6838.85 19232.12

130
140

-7552.59 5762.80 17538.66


-8501.12 4791.43 18157.01

500
510

-9921.38 5591.93 19742.17


-10502.67 4196.20 19961.00

150
160

-9084.07 3629.42 18456.72


-9391.54 2408.98 18560.81

520
530

-10804.53 2771.41 20009.66


-10932.87 1372.10 19992.29

170
180

-9524.85 1195.39 18575.63


-9559.99
0.00
18572.26

540
550

-10966.11 0.00
19978.39
-9664.56 -1212.92 18716.18

190
200

-9527.22 -1195.68 18578.01


-9401.01 -2411.40 18570.51

560
570

-9528.42 -2444.09 18701.09


-9216.02 -3682.14 18596.48

210
220

-9105.24 -3637.88 18479.14


-8538.24 -4812.35 18198.33

580
590

-8625.75 -4861.68 18295.80


-7667.17 -5850.23 17675.67

230
240

-7608.99 -5805.84 17606.09


-6282.70 -6429.03 16591.22

600
610

-6307.01 -6453.91 16623.28


-4614.94 -6448.45 15075.93

250
260

-4625.70 -6463.49 15092.09


-2834.13 -5719.58 13154.88

620
630

-2793.24 -5637.07 13082.31


-1171.92 -3926.47 10914.90

270
280

-1227.41 -4112.38 11034.62


-193.23 -1733.87 9367.37

640
650

-155.96
-126.96

290
300

-85.52 1108.90 9165.13


-1098.07 3917.12 10842.64

660
670

-1322.87 4719.04 11361.54


-3735.04 7222.75 14651.36

310
320

-3152.17 6095.60 13606.25


-5840.79 7109.01 16466.68

680
690

-7063.20 8596.84 18229.82


-10751.56 8467.17 21501.22

330
340

-8472.41 6672.27 18714.53


-10288.31 4932.32 19920.86

700
710

-14103.13 6761.18 24083.93


-16442.39 3749.71 25729.37

350
360

-10957.33 2498.83 20125.34


14087.00
0.00
5074.72

720

-17281.37

-1399.44 9274.43
1646.28 9286.33

0.00

Stabilim valoarea maxim i medie a lui Rm


R mmax = 26294 N
R

mmed

= 15722 N

Folosind valorile tabelate se traseaz diagrama de variaie a forei Rm .

Fig.4.10.Variaia forei Rm.Fora Rm

26293.65

Fig.4.11.Diagrama polar a fusului maneton

Fig.4.12.Diagrama de uzur a fusului maneton

Diagrama P-V