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Hidraulica general

129

ANEXE
Anexa 1
Pentru convertire
acre
acre (S.U.A.)
amper-or

se multiplic cu

m2

4,046856 E+03

4,046873 E+03

3,600000 E+03

Pentru convertire

se multiplic cu

grad Rankine

Tk = Tx/1,8

inch

2,540000 E02

6,451600 E04

1,638706 E05

inch ptrat

angstrm

1,000000 E10

inch cub

an civil

3,153600 E+07

kilocalorie (IT)

4,186800 E+08

an lumin

9,460530 E+15

kilogram for

9,806650 E+00

atmosfer (normal)

Pa

1,013250 E+05

kilowattor

3,600000 E+06

atmosfer (tehnic)

Pa

9,806650 E+04

micron

1,000000 E06

bar

Pa

1,000000 E+05

mil (internaional)

1,609344 E+03

barre (42 gal)

1,589873 E01

mil marin

1,852000 E+03

barye

Pa

1,000000 E01

milibar

Pa

1,000000 E+02

9,869233 E16

Btu (International Table)


Bushel (S.U.A.)

J
m

1,055056 E+03

milidarcy

3,523907 E02

ounce

kg

2,834952 E02

4,186800 E+00

parsec

3,085678 E+16

calorie (IT)

carat metric

kg

2,000000 E04

poise

Pas

1,000000 E0l

centimetru col. ap (4 C)

Pa

9,806380 E+01

pound-mass

kg

4,535924 E01

cm col. mercur (0 C)

Pa

1,333220 E+03

pound-force

4,448222 E+00

Pas

1,000000 E03

pound-force pe inch ptrat (psi)

centipoise
centistokes

m /s

1,000000 E06

pound-mass pe inch cub

cal putere

7,354988 E+02

poundal

Pa

6,894757 E+03

2,767990 E+04

kg/m
N

1,382550 E01

9,463529 E04

ciclu pe secund

Hz

1,000000 E+00

quart (S.U.A.)

dalton

kg

1,660530 E27

rad

Gy

1,000000 E02

darcy

9,869233 E13

slug

kg

1,459390 E+01

dyn

1,000000 E05

stokes

m2/s

1,000000 E04

electronvolt

1,602190 E19

stone

kg

6,350300 E+00

erg

1,000000 E07

tex

kg/m

1,000000 E06

2,831685 E+00

erg pe secund

1,000000 E07

ton (register)

foot

3,048000 E01

ton (long, 2.240 lb)

kg

1,016047 E+03

9,290304 E02

ton (short, 2.000 lb)

kg

9,071847 E+02

2,831685 E02

tonne

kg

1,000000 E+03

galon (S.U.A.)

3,785412 E03

torr (mm Hg, 0 C)

Pa

1,333220 E+02

grad centezimal

rad

1,570796 E02

tour (o tur)

rad

6,283185 E+00

grad sexagesimal

rad

1,745329 E02

Yard

9,144000 E 01

8,361274 E01

7,645549 E01

foot ptrat
foot cub

grad Celsius
grad Fahrenheit
grad Fahrenheit

K
C
K

Tk = Tc + 273,15
Tc = (Tf 32)/1,8
Tk = (Tf + 459,68)/l,8

Yard ptrat
Yard cub
Yard cub pe minut

m /s

1,274258 E02

130

Anexe

Hidraulica general

131

Anexa 2
Componentul
metan (21,1-148,9 C)
metan (149,4-237,8 C)
etan (37,8-120,5 C)
etan (121,1-237,8 C)
propan
i-butan
n-butan
n-pentan
n-hexan
n-heptan
n-octan
n-nonan
decan

K
9 160,6413
147,4733
46 709,573
17495,343
20 247,757
32 204,42
33 016,212
37 046,234
52 093,006
82 295,457
89 185,432
124 062,65
146 643,83

104 m
3,3162472
14,072637
5,1520981
2,8201736
2,1586448
3,3862284
2,902157
2,1954785
3,6961858
5,2577968
5,9897530
6,7299934
7,8561789

n
61,8932
3 247,4533
404,4884
34,1635
190,2442
131,6317
146,1544
299,6263
254,5609
64,3801
149,3902
37,9172
26,5241

C
0,5087
1,8326
0,5224
0,6231
0,9083
1,1018
1,1168
1,4364
1,5929
1,7299
1,93109
2,1519
2,3329

Anexa 3
Substana

Formula
chimic

Masa
molecular
kg/kmol

Temperatura de
fierbere la
1 atm
K

Pres. de
vaporizare Ia
37,78 C
bar

Temperatura de
solidificare
la 1 atm
K

Densltatea
relativ
la aer

Presiunea
pc
bar

Proprietile critice
TempeVolumul
ratura
vc
Tc
K
103 m3/kmol

Factor de
acentricitate
(ec. 2.13)

10

11

metan
etan
propan
n-butan
i-butan
n-pentan
i-pentan
dimetil propan
hexan
heptan
octan
nonan
decan
etilen
propen
1-buten
i-buten
2-buten
metil propen
penten
acetilen
benzen
toluen
etil benzen
alcool metilic
alcool etilic
alcool propilic
alcool butilic
oxid de carbon
dioxid de carbon
dioxid de sulf
acid clorhidric
hidrogen sulfurat
aer
argon
heliu

CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
C4H10
C5H12
C5H12
C5H12
C6H14
C7H16
C8H18
C9H20
C10H22
C2H4
C3H8
C4H8
C4H8
C4H8
C4H8
C5H10
C2H2
C6H6
C7H8
C8H10
CH4O
C2H6O
C3H8O
C4H10O
CO
CO2
SO2
HCl
H2S

Ar
He

16,042
30,068
44,094
58,120
58,120
72,146
72,146
72,146
86,172
100,198
114,224
128,250
142,276
28,052
42,078
56,104
56,104
56,104
56,104
70,130
26,036
78,108
92,134
106,160
32,042
46,069
60,09
74,12
28,010
44,010
64,060
36,465
34,076
28,966
39,944
4,003

111,7
184,6
231,1
272,7
261,5
309,3
301,0
282,7
341,9
371,6
398,9
424,0
447,3
169,5
225,5
266,9
276,9
274,1
266,3
303,2
189,3
353,3
383,8
409,4
337,7
351,5
370,4
390,8
81,2
194,7
263,2
188,2
212,9
79,0
87,5
4,3

13,067
3,545
4,963
1,074
1,408
2,431
0,341
0,111
0,036
0,012
0,005

15,599
4,345
3,140
3,434
4,366
1,317

0,222
0,071
0,025
0,314
0,162

0,608
63,715
27,147

90,72
89,93
85.51
134,85
113,60
143,48
113,30
256,65
177,85
182,59
216,41
219,68
243,54
104,05
87,95
87,85
134,29
167,75
132,85
107,98
192
278,73
178,21
178,22
175,52
159,00
146,2
193,3
66,2

197,7
159,0
190,3

84
< 1,0

0,5538
1,038
1,522
2,006
2,006
2,491
2,491
2,491
2,975
3,459
3,943
4,428
4,912
0,9684
1,453
1,937
1,937
1,937
1,937
2,421
0,8988
2,697
3,181
3,665
1,106
1,590
2,0745
2,5589
0.9670
1,519
2,212
1,259
1,176
1,000
1,3790
0,1368

46,393
48,926
42,544
37,986
36,466
33,731
33,326
32,009
30,287
27,350
24,919
22,893
20.968
51,154
45,988
40,214
41,329
41,329
40,012
40,417
62,398
49,230
40,620
37,176
80,935
63,816
51,661
44,165
34,947
73,845
78,909
82,556
90,052
37,682
48,622
2,289

191,1
305,6
370,0
425,2
408,2
469,6
460.4
433.8
507,7
540,3
568,6
594,6
617,6
283,1
365,1
419,6
435.6
428,7
417,9
464,8
309,5
562,1
591,8
617,2
512,6
516,3
536,7
563,0
133,2
304,3
430,7
324,6
373,6
132,5
151
5,3

99,2
147,9
200,4
254,7
262,7
310,8
308,5
303,6
368,5
426,6
486,3
543,7
603,1
123,6
181,0
241,3
176,2
176,2
179,7
294,2
113,0
960,9
324,4
368.5
117,8
166,8
218,2
274,6
93,0
94,0
122,4
47,3
97,6
93,5
75,2
57,8

0,013
0,105
0,152
0,201
0,192
0,252
0,206
0,195
0,290
0,352
0.408
0,441
0,586
0,073
0,143
0,203
0,273
0.234
0,201
0,238
0,186
0,215
0,279
0.322
0,556
0,635
0,600
0,596
0,041
0,420
0,273
0,133
0,100

0,002
0

132

Anexe

Anexa 3 (continuare)
1

hidrogen
oxigen
azot
clor
fluor
amoniac
ap

10

11

H2
O2
N2
Cl2
F2
NH3
H2O

2,016
32,000
28,016
70,914
38,00
17,032
18,016

20.4
90,2
77,4
239,1
86,2
239,8
373,2

10,940

14,587
0,066

14,0
54,4
63,2
172,2
50,2
195,5
273,2

0,0696
1,105
0,9672
2,448
1,3119
0,5880
0.6220

12,966
50.749
33,934
77,086
55,713
112,742
221,129

33,3
154,8
126,3
417,1
144
405,6
647,4

65,0
76,3
89,9
124,4

72,4
56,2

0
0,021
0,040
0,074
0,115
0,250
0,348

Anexa 4
t, C

10

20

30

40

60

80

100

, kg/m3

999,9

1000,0

999,7

998,2

995,6

992,2

983,2

971,8

958,3

103 , Pas

1, 887

1,5678

1,3061

1,0046

0,8019

0,6533

0,4701

0,3556

0,2821

103 , N/m

75,60

75,01

74,13

72,66

71,09

69,43

66,09

62,56

58,84

Anexa 5
t, C

50

20

10

20

30

40

60

80

100

500

1000

, kg/m3

1,534

1,365

1,252

1,206

1,164

1,127

1,092

1,025

0,968

0,916

0,442

0,268

106 , Pas

14,80
8

16,27
9

17,45
6

17,84
8

18,24
0

18,68
2

19,12
3

19,90
7

20,79
0

21,67
3

35,79
1

48,44
5

Anexa 6
Presiunea p, bar

Temperatura t, C

, 1010 Pa1

4,901

499,895

40

3,801

20

4,301

503,441

40

3,301

399,916

20

4,101

11 997,496

40

0,900

499,895

20

3,901

Presiunea p, bar

Temperatura t, C

12,997

20

199,958

, 10

10

Pa1

Anexa 7
1,0261013 K, kmolmN2s2 la 25 C
Gazul presurizat

ap

n-hexan

20,26 bar

101,29 bar

20,26 bar

101,29 bar

CO2

28,6225

8,2726

C2H6

20,8857

16,3116

CH4

8,3557

6,7675

N2

3,5913

2,7975

3,5126

2,8577

H2

0,9428

0,7175

1,6284

1,0529