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BEAM DEFLECTION FORMULAE

 BEAM TYPE SLOPE AT FREE END DEFLECTION AT ANY SECTION IN TERMS OF x MAXIMUM DEFLECTION 1. Cantilever Beam – Concentrated load P at the free end θ= Pl 2 2 EI y = Px 6 EI 2 ( 3 l − x ) δ max = Pl 3 3 EI 2. Cantilever Beam – Concentrated load P at any point Pa 2 y = 2 Px 6 EI ( 3 a − x ) for 0 < x < a Pa 2 θ= 2 EI y = 2 Pa 6 EI ( 3 x − a ) for a < x < l δ max = 6 EI ( 3 l − a ) 3. Cantilever Beam – Uniformly distributed load ω (N/m) θ= ω 6 l 3 EI y = ω 2 x 24 EI ( x 2 + 6 l 2 − 4 lx ) δ max = 4 l ω 8 EI 4. Cantilever Beam – Uniformly varying load: Maximum intensity ω o (N/m) ω l 3 ω x 2 3 2 2 3 ω l 4 θ= o 24 EI y = o 120 lEI ( 10 l − 10 l x + 5 lx − x ) δ max = o 30 EI 5. Cantilever Beam – Couple moment M at the free end θ= Ml EI y = 2 Mx 2 EI δ max = 2 Ml 2 EI

BEAM DEFLECTION FORMULAS

 BEAM TYPE SLOPE AT ENDS DEFLECTION AT ANY SECTION IN TERMS OF x MAXIMUM AND CENTER DEFLECTION 6. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Concentrated load P at the center Pl 2 = Px ⎛ 3 l 2 − 2 ⎞ for 0 < < l Pl 3 θ=θ = 1 2 16 EI y 12 EI ⎜ ⎝ 4 x ⎟ ⎠ x 2 δ max = 48 EI 7. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Concentrated load P at any point Pbx 2 2 2 ) θ= 1 ( Pb l 6 2 − lEI b 2 ) ( l y x = 6 lEI − Pb ⎡ l − b for 0 < x < a ⎤ δ max = Pb ( l 2 − b 2 ) 3 2 9 3 lEI at x = ( 2 2 l −b ) 3 θ = 2 Pab (2 l 6 lEI − b ) y = ( 6 lEI ⎢ ⎣ b x − a ) 3 + ( l 2 − b 2 ) x − x 3 ⎥ ⎦ δ= Pb ( 3 l 2 − 4 b 2 ) at the center, if a > b for a < x < l 48 EI 8. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Uniformly distributed load ω (N/m) ω l 3 ω x ( 3 2 3 ) 5 ω l 4 θ=θ = y = l − 2 lx + x δ = 1 2 24 EI 24 EI max 384 EI 9. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Couple moment M at the right end Ml 2 l θ= 1 Ml Mlx ⎛ 2 ⎞ δ max = 9 3 EI at x = 3 6 EI 1 − x θ = 2 Ml 3 EI y = 6 EI ⎜ ⎝ l 2 ⎟ ⎠ δ = Ml 2 16 EI at the center 10. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Uniformly varying load: Maximum intensity ω o (N/m) 7 ω l 3 ω l 4 θ= o δ = 0.00652 o at x = 0.519l 1 360 EI ω l 3 y = ω x o 360 lEI ( 7 l 4 − 10 l 2 2 x + 3 x 4 ) max ω l 4 EI θ = 2 o 45 EI δ = 0.00651 o EI at the center