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ARTICLE IN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY

Using Technology to Improve how the Brain Learns

Weve Only
Just Begun to Explore the Ways in Which Technology can be Used to Improve How we all
Learn

It is common knowledge that an array of technological advancements have made many


medical miracles a reality over the centuries. The ways in which technologies are being
applied to solve medical problems is accelerating at an ever-more-rapid pace.

While learning is not a medical problem, it is certainly a brain problem, and the brain is
our most advanced organ. Weve barely begin to understand how this amazing mass of cells
works. Along these lines, Im fascinated by the possibilities for information or computer
technologies to be leveraged to help the mind grow and enhance learning, much as other
technologies have been used to help other human organs thrive.

Guest writer Sam Butterworth wrote this article related to this topic earlier this year. Not
only did the study by Simone Khn of Max Planck Institute for Human Development and
Charit University Medicine show that brain connectivity can be dramatically improved by

gaming but a Berlin study also showed that the use of video games from a young age could
increase the growth of new neurons in the brain. This article, published earlier this month,
further supports the benefits to the brain that come from gaming.

The article, More Attention, Less Deficit: Brain Training Systems, discusses how a clinical
psychologist in West Chester, Pennsylvania used Cogmed, a computer-based brain training
program, in treating a 12-year-old with ADHD, who used to have trouble in school.

The results were surprising. His working memory improved, he retained more information in
class, and he got higher grades on tests and quizzes. And the success made Ben feel better
about himself.

Working memory is the ability to hold information in your mind for several seconds,
manipulate it, and use it in your thinking, says Tuckman. It is central to concentration,
problem solving, and impulse control.'

This Psychology Today article, How Technology is Changing the Way Children Think and
Focus, reminds of the malleability of the brain and that, while technology can have beneficial
effects on the brain, it can also have deleterious effects. Indeed, all potential uses of
technology have to be weighed and negative impacts considered.

There is, however, a growing body of research that technology can be both beneficial and
harmful to different ways in which children think. Moreover, this influence isnt just affecting
children on the surface of their thinking. Rather, because their brains are still developing and
malleable, frequent exposure by so-called digital natives to technology is actually wiring the
brain in ways very different than in previous generations. What is clear is that, as with
advances throughout history, the technology that is available determines how our brains
develops.

Just as the brain is complex beyond our current understanding, so too is the relationship
between technology and improving how the brain learns, rather than just changing how the
brain learns.

Another Angle

Looking at this from a more psychological perspective, there are plenty of smart folks out
there that are confident that the proper mind set alone can be a powerful tool to help
facilitate learning. This is a simple non-technical technique to enhance learning, but
certainly technology can be used to help inculcate that I can do it! mind set, right?

Further supporting this concept, in the article, Smart Strategy: Think of the Brain as a
Muscle, we learn about a study indicating that students do better in school if they are told
they can get smarter if they train their brains to be stronger, like a muscle.

Just about anyone who teaches and hasnt fallen prey to the dark side (the cynicism that
undermines so many in this challenging field) can tell you that if a student believes they can
learn, they are more likely to be able to do so than that student who doesnt.

So why dont we see more information and computer technology tools focused on helping
bolster student attitudes about their own capabilities? Seems like theres a lot of untapped
potential there.

So Many Possibilities

There just seems to be so much possibility here. Im excited to be alive in these amazing
times and see how this continues to take shape in the years to come