Sunteți pe pagina 1din 4

Thermalfluids Lab -MEC 554/ LS 1/SHAH Rev. 01-2009

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

 Program : Bachelor Of Engineering ( Hons ) Mechanical Course : Thermodynamics Lab Code : MEC 554 LAB SHEET NO: 1

HEATING VENTILATION AND COOLING LABORATORY SHEET (HVAC)

TITLE : Analysis Of Air-conditioning Processes

1. INTRODUCTION

Air-conditioning is a process of treating air for the comfort requirements of the occupants in the conditioned space. The properties of air can be modified by undergoing certain thermodynamic processes. The most basic of processes involved in an air-conditioning system are simple heating, steam humidification, simple cooling and dehumidification.

2. OBJECTIVE

To observe and understand the changes in air properties as it is treated in a basic air-conditioning unit.

3. EQUIPMENT

Computer Linked Air Conditioning Laboratory Unit ( P.A. Hilton )

4. EXPERIMENTAL

Start the unit by having the suction fan running and the screen displaying the master Menu. Programme 1 shows the process data displayed on a schematic layout of the system. Programme 2 displays the properties of the treated air on the psychrometric chart.

a) No Process print the data and psychrometric chart to read the initial properties of the air as it enters the air-conditioning unit.

b) Sensible Heating

 I. Switch on 1 kW pre-heater and allow 5 minute. Print the data and psychrometric II. chart. Then, switch on the 0.5 kW re-heater and allow 5 minute. Print the data and psychrometric chart. III. For this process, calculate the temperature rise of the air at the exit.

c) Steam Humidification Switch all water heaters to boil the water. When steam is produced, switch only 3 kW of heat to maintain the steam and allow 5 minute. Print the data and psychrometric chart. Then, calculate the amount of steam introduced, the change in relative

humidity, and the corresponding rise of temperature.

d) Cooling and Dehumidification Switch on the compressor of the refrigeration system. Cool the air until 18 °C to 20 °C (stable temperature), when temperature stable allow 5 minute. Then print the data and psychrometric chart. Calculate the heat rate and amount of moisture removed from the air. During experiment, measure the time and the rate of condensation (100ml) from the beginning of the cooling process (stable temperature). Compare with analysis.

1

Thermalfluids Lab -MEC 554/ LS 1/SHAH Rev. 01-2009

5. DISCUSSION

a) Answer all the problems in the experimental, and discuss the results obtained by explaining the factors that contributes to the air property changes for each process problems.

b) Find the schematic of a modem air-conditioning system with advanced air treatment processes and explain the function of the main devices.

c) Explain with suitable diagrams the operation and arrangements in an automotive air- conditioning unit.

2

Thermalfluids Lab -MEC 554/ LS 1/SHAH Rev. 01-2009

6. RESULT

 Experiment Reading No Process Sensible Steam Cooling and Heating Humidification Dehumidification T 1 ( TA d ) T 2 ( TA w ) T 3 ( TB d ) T 4 ( TB w ) T 5 ( TC d ) T 6 ( TC w ) T 7 ( TD d ) T 8 ( TD w ) T 9 ( T 1 ) X X X T 10 ( T 2 ) X X X T 11 ( T 3 ) X X X T 12 ( T 4 ) X X X Qp X X X Qr X X X Qb X X X P evap ( P 1 ) X X X P cond ( P 3 ) X X X m a m r X X X Time X X X Drain Water (ml) X X X 100 ml

3

Thermalfluids Lab -MEC 554/ LS 1/SHAH Rev. 01-2009

4