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## Lesson Plan Day One

Teacher: Caroline Tolentino

## Topic: Shadows Change Positions and Lengths

GLEs/ Standards:
Science GLES
5. Use a variety of methods and materials and multiple trials to investigate
ideas (observe, measure, accurately record data) (SI-E-A2)

## 9. Express data in a variety of ways by constructing illustrations, graphs,

charts, tables, concept maps, and oral and written explanations as
appropriate (SI-E-A5) (SI-E-B4)

56. Compare shadow direction and length at different times of day and year
(ESS-E-B4)

## Math CCSS Standard

CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.MD.B.3 Represent and interpret data.
Objectives:
In this lesson, students will be observing how a shadow changes its position due to
the movement of the sun. The following objectives will be met:
1. Students will record the changes in the position of a shadow from morning to
midday to afternoon.
2. Students will note the changes in the suns position in the sky during the course
of the day.
3. Graph the observed changes in the shadows position.
4. Create a PowerPoint presentation to summarize the observation findings and
to share the information with Kindergarten students.

Teaching Materials:
Each pair should have:
3 Different colored chalks
Pencil/ Pens
Sheet
Sheet

Compass
Camera or other electronic
device with camera
Meter Stick
Computer

Lesson Duration:
Observation- throughout the day
Data Collection and preparation of PowerPoint presentation- 90 minutes
Accommodations: Modifications and accommodations will be provided for students
with Special Needs and ESL learners by providing repeated directions, peer-tutoring,
students and will do further research about the topic.
Procedures:
Engage: Review the lesson about what are needed to make a shadow. Watch the
was moving.
Explain: Ask the students: What is the light source for making shadows outside on
a sunny day? Explain that the sun is the primary light source outside during the
day. Discuss where the sun rises and where it sets, refer to the story Bear
Shadows and make an inference on the relationship of the suns position and the
position and length of a shadow throughout the day.
Explore: Ask the students to work with a partner to discover more about todays
You and your partner will conduct a research on how shadows are formed
Why does a shadow change its position and its length? Shadow Changes
You and your partner will need to further investigate the mystery of
and lengths.
Along with the other observers in your class, you will go outside and find a
sunny spot on the concrete part of the basketball or tennis court of the
school. One of you will stand on the concrete (shadow maker) and the other
one will trace around your feet (shadow measurer), and later on trace and

for the entire observation period.
take a picture of the shadow and will measure the shadow length in
centimeters using a meter stick. Finally, look at the position of the Sun in
the sky. (IMPORTANT: NEVER LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE SUN! IT WILL
DAMAGE YOUR EYES.) For each time you and your partner come out, the
shadow maker will stand on the traced feet while the shadow measurer will
trace the shadow and measure its length. You should use a different
colored chalk for the different times of the day you trace the shadow.
Note the color of the chalk you used each time you measure. Also, look at
the direction that the shadow is pointing at.
Observation Sheet and Sunshine and Shadows Recording Sheet that can be