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S.A.E.

STANDARDAUTOMOBILENOMENCLATURE
Forseveralyearstherehasbeenaninsistentdemand
forstandardizationofnamesofcarparts.Uniformity
intheuseofnamesandterminologywouldsavemany
ofthedelayscommoninpartsreplacementservice,
andmakeforclearnessandbrevityintheuseof
automobiletermsgenerally.
Thenomenclaturecontainedinthefollowinglistwas
developedataseriesofmeetingsofengineeringand
servicerepresentativesofseveraloftheleading
automobilemanufacturersofAmerica.Ithasbeen
approvedindetailbytheNomenclatureDivisionof
theStandardsCommittee,andhasbeenpasseduponin
turnbytheStandardCommittee,theCounciland
adoptedbythemembersoftheSocietyofAutomobile
Engineers.
Anattempthasbeenmadetoincludeinthelistthe
moreimportantpartsthroughoutthewholecar,bolts,
studsandthelikebeingindicatedingeneralterms.
Bodypartshavenotbeenincludedgenerallynorparts
ofsomeunitssuchascarbureter,whichvarysomuch
inconstructionastomakeanythinglikeuniform
nomenclatureverydifficult.
Definitionsofdifferenttypesofconstructionhave
beenincludedforseveralunitsinordertoencourage
uniformterminologyindescriptionsappearinginthe
tradepressandincatalogs,aswellasinthe
technicaldiscussionsoftheSociety.Definitionsof
differenttypesofbodiesarealsoincluded,because
itisthoughtthatsomeauthorityshouldtakeaction
tomakepossibletheuseofnameswhichwillbe
understoodgenerally,ratherthanthosewhichare
meaninglessexcepttopersonsconversantwiththe
terminologypeculiartoindividualmanufacturers.It
issurprisinghowmanydistinctlydifferenttypes
ofbodyarebeingsoldunderthename"brougham,"for
instance.
Aschemeofclassificationbasedentirelyon
assembliesisimpracticableforgeneraluse,on
accountofdiversearrangementofelements
ofsocalledconventionalcars.Theclassification
adoptedisthereforebasedlargelyonfunction.

Inmostcasesthenamesdonotneeddefiningto
anyonefamiliarwithautomobileconstruction,
especiallywhenconsideredinconnection
withtheothernamesinthesamegroup.
Forspringnomenclatureseesheets49,49xaand49b
intheS.A.E.Handbook.(Reprintsfurnishedupon
request.)
GENERALDIVISIONS
ICylinders
IIValves
IIICoolingSystem
IVFuelSystem
VExhaustSystem
VILubrication
VIIIgnition
VIIIStartingandLightingEquipment
IXMiscellaneousElectricalEquipment
XClutch
XITransmission
XIIRearAxle
XIIIBrakingSystem
XIVFrontAxleandSteering
XVWheels
XVIFrameandSprings
XVIIHoods,FendersandShields
XVIIIBodyandTop
XIXAccessories
DIVISIONICYLINDERS
Group1Cylinders
Group2Crankcase
Group3Crankshaft
Group4Startingcrank
Group5Connectingrods
Group6Pistons
DIVISIONIIVALVES
Group1Camshaft
Group2Valves
DIVISIONIIICOOLINGSYSTEM
Group1Fan
Group2Radiator

Group3Pump
Group4PipesandHose
DIVISIONIVFUELSYSTEM
Group1CarbureterandInletPipe
Group2CarbureterControl
Group3CarbureterAirheater
Group4FuelTank
Group5FuelPipesandFeedSystem

DIVISIONVEXHAUSTSYSTEM
Group1ExhaustManifold
Group2ExhaustPipeandMuffler
DIVISIONVILUBRICATIONSYSTEM
Group1OilPanorReservoir
Group2OilPump
Group3OilPipes,Strainers,Gages
DIVISIONVIIIGNITION
Group1Sparkplugs,CablesandSwitches
Group2IgnitionDistributor
Group3Magneto
Group4IgnitionControl
DIVISIONVIIISTARTINGANDLIGHTINGEQUIPMENT
Group1Generator
Group2StartingMotor
Group3Wiring
Group4Battery
DIVISIONIXMISCELLANEOUSELECTRICALEQUIPMENT
Group1LampsandWiring
Group2SwitchesandInstruments
Group3Horn
Group4Miscellaneous
DIVISIONXCLUTCH
Group1ClutchingParts
ConeClutch
DiskClutch
PlateClutch

Group2ReleasingParts
DIVISIONXITRANSMISSION
Group1Transmission
Group2ShiftingMechanism
Group3Control
Group4Propellershaft
DIVISIONXIIREARAXLE
Group1Housing
Group2TorquearmandRadiusrod
Group3DrivePinion
Group4Differential
Group5AxleShafts
DIVISIONXIIIBRAKES
Group1OuterBrake
Group2InnerBrake
Group3Pedal(orouter)BrakeControl
Group4Hand(orinner)BrakeControl
DIVISIONXIVFRONTAXLEANDSTEERING
Group1AxleCenter
Group2^Steeringknuckles
Group3Steeringrods
Group4Steeringgear
DIVISIONXVWHEELS
Group1FrontWheels
Group2RearWheels
DIVISIONXVIFRAMEANDSPRINGS
Group1Frame
Group2FrameBracketsandSockets
Group3FrontSprings
Group4RearSprings
DIVISIONXVIIHOOD,FENDERSANDSHIELDS
Group1Hood
Group2EngineShield
Group3FendersandRunningboards
Group4Windshield
DIVISIONXVIIIBODY

Group1FloorboardsandDash
Group2Body
Group3Upholstering
Group4Top
DIVISIONXIXACCESSORIES
Group1Speedometer
Group2Tirepump