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EDELSTAHL WITTEN-KREFELD GMBH

THYROFORT
THYROFORT

Special engineering steels

THYROFORT
THYROFORT
THYROFORT
THYROFORT

Heat-treatable steels

Contents
Page 4 5

General

Page 6 7

Special features

Page 8 9

Steel portraits

Page 10 13

Application examples

Page 14 15

Steel production

Page 16 17

Steel processing

Technical information
Page 18 20

Overview of grades and chemical composition

Page 21 22

Minimum yield points and tensile strength ranges

Material data
Page 24 65

Material data sheets

Technical information
Page 66 68

Thyrofort The basics

Page 69 70

Heat treatment Schematic representation

Page 71

Sampling according to DIN EN 10083

Page 72 73

Ruling heat treatment diameter

Page 74

Comparison of international standards

Page 75

Hardness comparison table

Page 76

Forms supplied

Page 77

Temperature Comparison

Page 78

List of photos
3

THYROFORT

A tough type through and


Thyrofort,

Wherever machines and their

Heat-treatable steels acquire

components have to withstand

their high yield point, tensile

high dynamic stresses, the use of

strength and fatigue strength

special, high-performance steel

(combined with great toughness!)

grades is essential. If a compo-

by being hardened and tempered

nent breaks, the machine grinds to

at above 450 C but below the

a halt, the entire installation has to

microstructural transformation

be stopped! Choosing the opti-

temperature. The great strength of

mum steel for the respective com-

our Thyrofort steels is their opti-

ponent is of decisive importance

mum adaptation to the respective

for productivity, cost-efficiency

application.

and, above all, for safety. Thyrofort

Optimum full quenching and tem-

is our brand name for high-

pering is guaranteed by choosing

strength heat-treatable steels.

the suitable steel as a function of

Compared to case-hardening

the workpiece cross-section.

steels, these grades have a higher

The extraordinary purity and the

carbon content in the region of

homogeneity of the microstructure

about 0.20 to 0.60%. While case-

ensure consistent mechanical

hardened steels have a hard case

properties, even with large cross-

and a tough core, heat-treated

sections.

steels are characterized by high

Edelstahl Witten-Krefeld is in a

strength all the way from the case

position to supply round billets of

to the core.

up to 750 mm diameter and ma-

These two types of steel are a

chined material of up to 400 mm

perfect match in large gearboxes:

diameter. In this context, the

the gearwheels are made of case-

strength and toughness can be

hardened steel, while heat-treated

specifically adjusted and combined

steel is used for the shafts.

to meet the demands on the respective component.

General

through if you have big things in mind


Thyrofort heat-treatable steels
offer excellent hot formability.
Cold formability and machinability
are dependent on the carbon content and the crystalline structure.
Appropriate alloying and heat
treatment permit adjustment of
the microstructure for optimum
machinability.
The top quality of Thyrofort steels
is achieved through high process
reliability and modern installations
for melting, highly developed secondary metallurgy, vertical continuous casting, remelting, hot
forming and modern test facilities.
Edelstahl Witten-Krefeld is in a
position to offer you a tailor-made
heat-treatable steel for every
application and every component.
Ask our material specialists for
advice.

Thyrofort
extraordinary

designed for

stresses
5

Spot-on analysis
The strength and toughness of
the base material are determined

Thyrofort accura
to precise

by its chemical composition and


the heat treatment it undergoes.
Consequently, the required prop-

steels and nickel-chromium-

erties are already specifically

molybdenum heat-treatable

aimed for when melting the steel.

steels.

The facilities in Witten and


Krefeld enable us to achieve a

Maximum purity

spot-on, reliably reproducible

Extremely high purity is achieved

chemical composition.

by secondary metallurgical treatment, vertical continuous casting,

Specific hardenability

or by remelting. Undesirable non-

By selecting the right alloying ele-

metallic inclusions are virtually

ments, we can specifically adapt

ruled out.

the hardenability of the material


to the geometry of the respective

Highly reliable fine grain

component.

The fine grain of our Thyrofort

The most important alloying ele-

grades is achieved in a highly reli-

ments for heat-treatable steels

able and controllable manner by

are chromium, nickel, molyb-

targeted adjustment of the alu-

denum and vanadium. In addition

minium and nitrogen contents.

High fatigue strength

to unalloyed heat-treatable steels,

No other manufacturer of special

In heat-treatable steels, the differ-

we also offer the following alloyed

steel can beat the high degree of

ent service properties required for

versions: chromium-alloyed heat-

macroscopic and microscopic

the individual components, such

treatable steels, chromium-

purity and the homogeneity of the

as high strength under static and

molybdenum heat-treatable

microstructure of our Thyrofort

dynamic stress, toughness and

steels, chromium-nickel-molybde-

steels.

hardness, are set by way of the

num heat-treatable steels,

chemical composition and a se-

chromium-vanadium heat-treatable

quence of heat treatment opera-

Special features

tely adapted
requirements
The machinability of heat-treated
steels is influenced by the
microstructure, the strength and
the non-metallic inclusions (sulphides, oxides).
Further optimisation of the
machinability can be achieved
through increasing the level of
sulphidic inclusions, by calcium
treatment and by heat treatment,
i.e. by specifically adjusting the
microstructure.

Customised heat treatment


Depending on the envisaged application and processing, we can
supply you with Thyrofort steel
tions. Additional surface harden-

Good machinability

grades in a wide variety of treated

ing by inductive heating increases

The larger the quantity of compo-

conditions, e.g. with reduced

the wear resistance.

nents to be manufactured, the

hardness or within a given

more important it is for the materi-

strength range.

al to have good machinability. This

Detailed technical information on

means the cost-effectiveness of

as-delivered conditions and pro-

series production is already partly

cessing can be found starting on

determined when ordering a spe-

Page 66.

cific steel grade.

Unalloyed
THYROFORT C22E
Unalloyed carbon steel for low-stress automotive and mechanical engineering parts
offering good weldability

THYROFORT C35E
THYROFORT C35R
Unalloyed carbon steel for low-stress automotive and mechanical engineering parts

Weve got far more than


just the average

Unalloyed or alloyed

Unalloyed or alloyed heat-

treatable steels the choice of


material is determined by the nature of the load, the component
geometry and the processing
method.
The unalloyed Thyrofort grades
contain not only manganese, but
also carbon as the main alloying
element. The tensile strength and
yield point rise with increasing
carbon content.
The alloyed steels are characterized by greater hardenability and
better resistance to tempering.
Compared to the unalloyed
grades, they offer better through-

Our partners in the steel trade

Make use of our extensive capa-

hardening, enhanced toughness

offer a wide selection of Thyrofort

bilities and let us act as your

and a higher ratio of yield stress

grades in all standard sizes.

extended workbench.

to tensile strength.

Talk to our specialists about the

Unmachined or machined

individual, tailor-made solution

Rolled or forged

Our strength are steel grades not

you require.

Edelstahl Witten-Krefeld supplies

only in a variety of hot-formed

a wide variety of rolled and forged

products, but also in various pro-

products, from bar steel, universal

cessing stages. Our processing

plate/flat dimensions and semis,

operations range from rough-

all the way to open-die forgings in

machining to bright surfaces with

different heat-treated conditions.

close tolerances, all the way to


ready-to-install components.

Steel portraits
THYROFORT Cf35

Alloyed

Unalloyed carbon steel for low-stress automotive and mechanical engineering parts,
also suitable for surface hardening

THYROFORT C45E
THYROFORT C45R

THYROFORT 46 Cr 2
THYROFORT 46 CrS 2

THYROFORT 34 CrMo 4
THYROFORT 34 CrMoS 4
CrMo-alloyed heat-treatable steel with high

Cr-alloyed heat-treatable steel for low-stress

toughness, for mechanical engineering and

automotive and mechanical engineering

automotive parts, e.g. axle shafts, tyres,

parts, as well as for fastening elements

steering stubs, gas cylinders

THYROFORT 34 Cr 4
THYROFORT 34 CrS 4

THYROFORT 42 CrMo 4
THYROFORT 42 CrMoS 4

Cr-alloyed heat-treatable steel for automotive

CrMo-alloyed heat-treatable steel with high

and mechanical engineering parts, e.g. drive,

toughness, for mechanical engineering and

axle and steering components

automotive parts, e.g. spars, connecting

Unalloyed carbon steel for low-stress automotive and mechanical engineering parts,
also suitable for surface hardening

THYROFORT Cf45
Unalloyed carbon steel for low-stress automotive and mechanical engineering parts,

rods, gears, pinions and tyres, as well as for

also suitable for surface hardening

components for low-temperature applications

in stock

THYROFORT 50 CrMo 4
CrMo-alloyed heat-treatable steel with high
toughness, for automotive parts, e.g. rings,
tyres, liners, shafts, axles, steering components

THYROFORT 30 CrMoV 9
CrMoV-alloyed heat-treatable steel with high
yield point and toughness, for highlystressed parts in general mechanical engineering and for fastening elements, such as
bolt turnbuckles

THYROFORT 36 CrNiMo 4
CrNiMo-alloyed heat-treatable steel for very
highly-stressed parts in general mechanical
engineering, with good toughness and high
strength, e.g. fastening elements, accessories for oil and gas drilling

THYROFORT 34 CrNiMo 6
CrNiMo-alloyed heat-treatable steel for
highly-stressed parts in general mechanical
engineering with large cross-sections and
high toughness requirements in the low-temperature range, e.g. axles, drive components,
fastening elements, shafts

THYROFORT Cf53
Unalloyed carbon steel for low-stress auto-

THYROFORT 37 Cr 4
THYROFORT 37 CrS 4

THYROFORT 30 CrNiMo 8

motive and mechanical engineering parts,

Cr-alloyed heat-treatable steel for automotive

CrNiMo-alloyed heat-treatable steel for

also suitable for surface hardening

and mechanical engineering parts, e.g. drive,

highly-stressed parts in general mechanical

axle and steering components

engineering with large cross-sections and

THYROFORT C55E
THYROFORT C55R

uniform toughness requirements over the


cross-section, e.g. pinion and turbine shafts

Unalloyed carbon steel for low-stress auto-

THYROFORT 41 Cr 4
THYROFORT 41 CrS 4

motive and mechanical engineering parts,

Cr-alloyed heat-treatable steel for automotive

THYROFORT 36 NiCrMo 16

also suitable for surface hardening

and mechanical engineering parts, e.g. drive,

NiCrMo-alloyed heat-treatable steel for very

axle and steering components

highly-stressed parts in general mechanical

THYROFORT C60E
THYROFORT C60R

THYROFORT 51 CrV 4

strength, suitable for air and oil hardening ,

Unalloyed carbon steel for low-stress auto-

CrV-alloyed heat-treatable steel for fairly

e.g. demolition tools, components for oil and

motive and mechanical engineering parts,

large, highly wear-resistant parts

gas extraction

engineering with high tensile and impact

for strengths in the region of 700 N/mm2

THYROFORT 28 Mn 6

THYROFORT 25 CrMo 4
THYROFORT 25 CrMoS 4

Mn-alloyed heat-treatable steel for low-stress

CrMo-alloyed heat-treatable steel with high

automotive and mechanical engineering

toughness and good welding properties, for

parts with adequate weldability

mechanical engineering and automotive


parts, e.g. axle shafts, steering stubs, turbine
parts, rotor disks

Thyrofort whenever you


to make comp
Nothing can take the place of

crankshafts in shipbuilding, for

safety. Thats why its advisable

injection systems in marine diesel

to use Thyrofort steel grades to

engines, for shafts in locomotive

manufacture components that are

and wagon construction, for

subject to high demands on safe-

crankshafts, connecting rods,

ty and also on production relia-

axles, steering stubs, steering

bility. Crankshafts, for example,

components and wheel hubs in

are exposed to high dynamic

truck construction, for landing-

stresses. If the crankshaft of a

gear and control elements in avia-

Formula 1 engine breaks, thats

tion, for safety couplings and

unfortunate and the race is lost. If

mast suspension units for aerial

the shaft of a ships diesel engine

ropeways, for tools in oil and gas

breaks, thats a disaster and the

exploration, e.g. drive subs, for

ship is incapable of manoeuvring.

turbine shafts in power stations.

Be it extreme short-term loads or

Its also a job for Thyrofort when-

high, constant loads our high-

ever high precision and absolute,

strength Thyrofort steel grades

permanent freedom from distor-

can be exactly adapted to the

tion are required, e.g. in the re-

stresses involved by way of tar-

circulating ball screws and linear

geted alloying, hardening and

guides of machine tools. And the

tempering.

Thyrofort safety experts are


also the ones who guarantee reli-

In other words, the safety ex-

able functioning in the high-tech

perts from Witten-Krefeld are the

field: the turbopumps of the

right choice whenever you cant

Ariane are made of Thyrofort.

afford to make compromises: for

10

Application examples

THYROFORT

cant afford
romises

11

THYROFORT
Thyrofort is also the right choice
when things get rough and tough
in the building industry, too. On
the one hand, the chisels of demolition hammers, or the teeth of
excavators and rippers, need to
have the right strength in order not
to break. On the other hand, they
need to be given long-term wear
resistance by way of appropriate
hardening.
The high resistance to pressure
also makes Thyrofort steel grades
ideally safe materials, e.g. for the
manufacture of steel cylinders for
industrial gases and oxygen, as
well as for pipeline construction.

12

Thyrofort
the

safety experts

from Witten and Krefeld

13

We make our own steel,


recipes

Our own steel production in our

melting (VAR) furnaces is avail-

modern steelworks in Witten is

able in Krefeld for the production

the basis for the purity and homo-

of heat treatable steels involving

geneity of our heat-treatable

particularly stringent demands in

steels. Precisely defined proper-

terms of homogeneity of their

ties are achieved by means of

microstructure and their purity.

Remelting facilities

exact alloying and process speci-

ESR

fications for melting, forming

Electroslag remelting process

and heat treatment. The steels

In the electroslag remelting

are melted in a 130 t electric arc

process (ESR), which works with

furnace.

alternating current, a cast or

The metallurgical precision work

forged, self-consuming electrode

is performed in a downstream

is immersed in a bath of molten

ladle furnace of the same size.

slag, which serves as an electrical

Depending on the steel grade and

resistor.

the dimensions of the end prod-

The material to be remelted drips

uct, the steel melted in this way is

from the end of the electrode

cast in ingots or continuous cast

through the slag and forms the

blooms. Over 50 different mould

new ingot in a water-cooled

formats are available for ingot

mould below. The heat dissipa-

casting, ranging from 600 kg to

tion leads to directional solidifica-

160 t.

tion in the direction of the longi-

tion, and acting as an anti-oxidant

The continuous cast blooms are

tudinal ingot axis.

for the melting bath of the new

manufactured in two strands on a

The remelting slag fulfils several

ingot. In addition, the slag has a

vertical continuous casting ma-

functions in this process. On the

high capacity for absorbing non-

chine in a 475 x 340 mm format.

one hand, it develops the neces-

metallic inclusions, which means

A remelting steelworks with two

sary process heat, while at the

that the remelted material is free

electroslag remelting (ESR) fur-

same time supporting chemical

of coarse inclusions. The im-

naces and two vacuum arc re-

reactions, such as desulphurisa-

provement in the microscopic

14

VAR

Ladle
furnace

Scrap

130 t electric
arc furnace

Ladle tank
degasser
(VD / VOD)

Main production routes


EDELSTAHL WITTEN-KREFELD GMBH
THYSSEN KRUPP STAHL AG

Steel production

using reliable
and the best ingredients
Blooming-slabbing mill

got casting

Products
Machining

Long forging
machines

Finishing
departments,
forging shops

LSX 55
33 MN press

Heat
treatment
facilities

Open-die forgings
as-forged or machined
Forged semis

As-forged
Peeling machines
Finishing
departments,
rolling mills

LSX 25

As-cast ingots / As-continuously-cast bloom material

Forged round billets for


tubemaking
as-forged or machined
Forged bar steel
as-forged or machined
Machined tool steel
forged or rolled

As-rolled
Rolled semis
Rolled tube rounds
as-rolled or peeled

uous bloom caster


5 x 340 mm,
2 strands

Untreated

Rolled bar steel


as-rolled or machined
Universal plate and flats

Blooming/billet/large-size
bar rolling mill

Special products

purity is attributable to desulphurisation and the resultant high


degree of sulphidic purity, and
also to a reduction in the size and

Thyrofort

consistent

quantity of oxidic inclusions.

top quality
through

process reliability
15

Thyrofort made
your extended workbench
Vacuum arc remelting process

lowest possible sulphur content

The vacuum arc remelting (VAR)

has to be set prior to remelting, in

process works with cast or

order also to meet the most strin-

forged, self-consuming elec-

gent demands on the degree of

trodes in a vacuum.

sulphidic purity. Moreover, this

Using an electric arc in a vacuum,

process guarantees the lowest

a melting bath is generated in a

possible quantities of dissolved

copper crucible, which acts as

gases in the steel and a homo-

the opposite pole to the remelting

geneous microstructure free of

electrode and is connected to a

segregation.

DC voltage source via current


contacts.

Hot forming and finishing

A new ingot is formed from the

The blooming mill in Witten pro-

liquefied electrode material drop

duces semi-finished products,

by drop in a continuous process.

steel bars and universal plate/flat

In the VAR process, refinement of

dimensions. Two modern finishing

the steel is brought about by the

lines for checking the inner and

reaction of the oxygen dissolved

outer surface condition, as well

in the steel with the carbon in the

as the dimensions and identity,

molten material under the effect

are available for rolled and forged

of the vacuum. This results in the

products and steel bars. The

best possible degree of micro-

forge is equipped with a 33 MN

scopic oxidic purity and freedom

press, a GFM LSX 55 horizontal

from macroscopic inclusions. As

long forging machine and a GFM

no desulphurisation takes place

LSX 25 long forging machine.

during this remelting process, the

16

Steel processing

-to-measure work from


parts. We put extensive consulting know-how and modern machining facilities at the disposal
of our customers.
After straightening, rolled or
forged bar steel and round billets
up to 300 mm diameter for tubemaking can be peeled, pressure
polished and chamfered in
Krefeld and Witten. Rotationally
symmetrical parts with a piece
weight of up to 20 tonnes are
manufactured in Krefeld on conventional and modern CNC lathes
and grinding machines. The key
production fields are shafts, cylinders and rolls for continuous
casting.

Machining
Edelstahl Witten-Krefeld offers
not only an optimum material in

Our

facilities

various forms, but also premachined and ready-to-install

pay off for you

17

Overview of grades and


chemical compositions
Unalloyed steels

Depending on the type and quan-

Boron-alloyed steels

Apart from carbon, unalloyed

tity of the alloying element added,

The development of cheaper

steels contain manganese as the

certain specific properties can be

steels by saving on expensive

main alloying element.

attained. Chromium improves

alloying elements has led to

The steels listed in Tables 1 and 2

hardenability and through-

increasing use of heat-treatable

are given in the order of increas-

hardening by reducing the critical

boron-alloyed steels. The use of

ing carbon content and comply

cooling rate needed for the

these steels for fastening ele-

with European Standard DIN EN

formation of martensite. Nickel

ments is already state-of-the-art

10083, Part 1 Heat-Treatable

also improves through-hardening

today.

Steels (1996 edition) or DIN

and, at the same time, increases

Boron-alloyed steels are already

17212 Steels for Flame and

the absorbed energy per cross-

being used as standard materials

Induction Hardening (August

sectional area at low tempera-

for special solid, heat-treated

1972 edition).

tures. Molybdenum is used in

parts, like excavator teeth, axle

conjunction with other alloying

parts, rotors, etc. Efforts are

Alloyed steels

elements to increase the 0.2 %

being made nationally and inter-

Apart from carbon and manga-

proof stress and tensile strength

nationally to standardize these

nese, alloyed steels contain other

while decreasing the tendency to

heat-treatable steels for general

alloying elements. The most

tempering brittleness.

application. These steels can be

important of these are chromium,

A vanadium content of approx.

supplied on request, provided

nickel, molybdenum and vana-

0.10% improves tempering resis-

that certain minimum order quan-

dium.

tance and reduces sensitivity to

tities are observed.

The steels given in Tables 1 and

overheating during hardening.

Table 1 shows an overview of the

3, in the order of their alloy com-

grades of heat-treatable steels

position, Cr, CrV, Cr Mo,

dealt with in this catalogue, while

Cr Mo V, Cr Ni Mo, Ni-Cr-Mo,

Tables 2 and 3 provide an over-

correspond to European Standard

view of the chemical composi-

DIN EN 10083, Part 1, or DIN

tions.

17201 - Forgings and Forged


Bars of Heat-Treatable Steels.

18

Technical information

Overview of grades, Table 1


Grades

Material No.

Code name acc.


to EN 10083

Standardized in

Page 24 25

Thyrofort C 22 E

1.1151

C22E

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Page 26 27

Thyrofort C 35 E

1.1181

C35E

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

1.1180

C35R

DIN EN 10083

Thyrofort Cf 35

1.1183

DIN 17212
DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Thyrofort C 45 E

1.1191

C45E

Thyrofort C 45 R

1.1201

C45R

DIN EN 10083

Thyrofort Cf 45

1.1193

DIN 17212

Page 30 31

Thyrofort Cf 53

1.1213

DIN 17212

Page 32 33

Thyrofort C 55 E

1.1203

C55E

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Thyrofort C 55 R

1.1209

C55R

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Thyrofort C 60 E

1.1221

C60E

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Thyrofort C 60 R

1.1223

C60R

DIN EN 10083

Page 36 37

Thyrofort 28 Mn 6

1.1170

28Mn6

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Page 38 39

Thyrofort 46 Cr 2

1.7006

46Cr2

DIN EN 10083

Thyrofort 46 CrS 2

1.7025

46CrS2

DIN EN 10083

Page 34 35

Page 40 41
Page 42 43

1.7033

34Cr4

DIN EN 10083

1.7037

34CrS4

DIN EN 10083

Thyrofort 37 Cr 4

1.7034

37Cr4

DIN EN 10083

Thyrofort 37 CrS 4

1.7038

37CrS4

DIN EN 10083

Thyrofort 41 Cr 4

1.7035

41Cr4

DIN EN 10083

Thyrofort 41 CrS 4

1.7039

41CrS4

DIN EN 10083

Page 46 47

Thyrofort 51 CrV 4

1.8159

51CrV4

DIN EN 10083

Page 48 49

Thyrofort 25 CrMo 4

1.7218

25CrMo4

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Thyrofort 25 CrMoS 4

1.7213

25CrMoS4

DIN EN 10083

Thyrofort 34 CrMo 4

1.7220

34CrMo4

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Thyrofort 34 CrMoS 4

1.7226

34CrMoS4

DIN EN 10083

Thyrofort 42 CrMo 4

1.7225

42CrMo4

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Thyrofort 42 CrMoS 4

1.7227

42CrMoS4

DIN EN 10083

Page 54 55

Thyrofort 50 CrMo 4

1.7228

50CrMo4

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Page 56 57

Thyrofort 30 CrMoV 9

1.7707

DIN E 17201

Page 58 59

Thyrofort 36 CrNiMo 4

1.6511

36CrNiMo4

DIN EN 10083

Page 60 61

Thyrofort 34 CrNiMo 6

1.6582

34CrNiMo6

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Page 62 63

Thyrofort 30 CrNiMo 8

1.6580

30CrNiMo8

DIN EN 10083 / DIN E 17201

Page 64 65

Thyrofort 36 NiCrMo 16

1.6773

36NiCrMo16

DIN EN 10083

Page 50 51
Page 52 53

Alloyed steels

Page 44 45

Thyrofort 34 Cr 4
Thyrofort 34 CrS 4

Unalloyed steels

Page 28 29

Thyrofort C 35 R

19

Table 2: Unalloyed steels - Steel grades and chemical composition (ladle analysis)
Steel grade
Code
name

To DIN 17212

Chemical composition to DIN EN 10083, except1 (% by weight)


DIN EN
10083

Material No.

Si

Mn

P max.

Thyrofort C 22 E

C22E

1.1151

0.17 0.24

max. 0.40

0.400.70

0.035

max. 0.035

Thyrofort C 35 E

C35E

1.1181

Thyrofort C 35 R

C35R

1.1180
1.1183

Thyrofort Cf 351
Thyrofort C 45 E

C45E

1.1191

Thyrofort C 45 R

C45R

1.1201

0.32 0.39

max. 0.40

0.500.80

0.035

0.33 0.39

0.15 0.35

0.50 0.80

0.025

0.42 0.50

max. 0.40

0.50 0.80

0.035

max. 0.035
0.020 0.040
max. 0.035
max. 0.035
0.020 0.040

Cr

Mo

Ni

Cr+Mo+
Ni max.

max. 0.40 max. 0.10 max. 0.40

0.63

max. 0.40 max. 0.10 max. 0.40

0.63

max. 0.40 max. 0.10 max. 0.40

0.63

Thyrofort Cf 451

1.1193

0.43 0.49

0.15 0.35

0.50 0.80

0.025

max. 0.035

Thyrofort Cf 531

1.1213

0.50 0.57

0.15 0.35

0.40 0.70

0.025

max. 0.035

Thyrofort C 55 E

C55E

1.1203

Thyrofort C 55 R

C55R

1.1209

Thyrofort C 60 E

C60E

1.1221

Thyrofort C 60 R

C60R

1.1223

Thyrofort 28 Mn 6

28Mn6

1.1170

0.52 0.60

0.40

0.60 0.90

0.035

0.57 0.65

0.40

0.60 0.90

0.035

0.25 0.32

0.40

1.30 1.65

0.035

max. 0.035
0.020 0.040
max. 0.035
0.020 0.040
max. 0.035

max. 0.40 max. 0.10 max. 0.40

0.63

max. 0.40 max. 0.10 max. 0.40

0.63

max. 0.40 max. 0.10 max. 0.40

0.63

Table 3: Alloyed steels - Steel grades and chemical composition (ladle analysis)
Steel grade

To DIN E 17201

Chemical composition to DIN EN 10083, except1 (% by weight)

Code
name

DIN EN
10083

Material no.

Thyrofort 46 Cr 2

46Cr2

1.7006

Thyrofort 46 CrS 2

46CrS2

1.7025

Thyrofort 34 Cr 4

34Cr4

1.7033

Thyrofort 34 CrS 4

34CrS4

1.7037

Thyrofort 37 Cr 4

37Cr4

1.7034

Thyrofort 37 CrS 4

37CrS4

1.7038

Thyrofort 41 Cr 4

41Cr4

1.7035

Thyrofort 41 CrS 4

41CrS4

1.7039

Thyrofort 51 CrV 4

Si

Mn

P max.

0.42 0.50

0.40 0.50 0.80 0.035

0.30 0.37

0.40 0.60 0.90 0.035

0.34 0.41

0.40 0.60 0.90 0.035

0.38 0.45

0.40 0.60 0.90 0.035

51CrV4

1.8159 0.47 0.55

0.40 0.70 1.10 0.035

Thyrofort 25 CrMo 4

25CrMo4

1.7218

Thyrofort 25 CrMoS 4

25CrMoS4

1.7213

Thyrofort 34 CrMo 4

34CrMo4

1.7220

Thyrofort 34 CrMoS 4

34CrMoS4

1.7226

Thyrofort 42 CrMo 4

42CrMo4

1.7225

Thyrofort 42 CrMoS 4
Thyrofort 50 CrMo 4

0.22 0.29

0.40 0.60 0.90 0.035

0.30 0.37

0.40 0.60 0.90 0.035

42CrMoS4

1.7227

0.38 0.45

0.40 0.60 0.90 0.035

50CrMo4

1.7228 0.46 0.54

0.40 0.50 0.80 0.035

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.40 0.60

0.90 1.20

0.90 1.20

0.90 1.20

max. 0.035 0.90 1.20

0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30

0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30

0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30

max. 0.035 0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30

< 0.60

0.10 0.20

max. 0.035
0.020 0.040
max. 0.035
0.020 0.040
max. 0.035
0.020 0.040
max. 0.035
0.020 0.040
max. 0.035
0.020 0.040
max. 0.035
0.020 0.040
max. 0.035
0.020 0.040

2.30 2.70 0.15 0.25

1.7707 0.26 0.34

0.40 0.40 0.70 0.035

Thyrofort 36 CrNiMo 4

36CrNiMo4

1.6511 0.32 0.40

0.40 0.50 0.80 0.035

max. 0.035 0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30 0.90 1.20

Thyrofort 34 CrNiMo 6

34CrNiMo6

1.6582 0.30 0.38

0.40 0.50 0.80 0.035

max. 0.035 1.30 1.70 0.15 0.30 1.30 1.70

Thyrofort 30 CrNiMo 8

30CrNiMo8

1.6580 0.26 0.34

0.40 0.30 0.60 0.035

max. 0.035 1.80 2.20 0.30 0.50 1.80 2.20

1.6773 0.32 0.39

0.40 0.30 0.60 0.030

max. 0.025 1.60 2.00 0.25 0.45 3.60 4.10

Thyrofort 30 CrMoV 9

Thyrofort 36 CrNiMo16 36CrNiMo16

20

0.035

Technical information

600
400

30CrNiMo8

34CrNiMo6

36 NiCrMo 16

For a ruling heat treatment diameter of


d 16 mm

42CrMo4; 50CrMo4
51CrV4; 36CrNiMo4

tempered condition for the heat

41Cr4; 34CrMo4

strength ranges in hardened and

37Cr4

46Cr2

200
34Cr4; 25CrMo4

stress values and the tensile

800

28Mn6

shows the minimum 0.2% proof

1000

C60

The following overview (Figs. 1a-h)

1200

C55E

point or tensile strength.

1400

C45E

by the required minimum yield

1600

C35E

treatable steel is often determined

N/mm2

C22E

The choice of a suitable heat-

Minimum 0.2% proof stress and tensile strenth range

Overview of minimum 0.2 % proof


stresses and tensile strength ranges

a)

1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200

N/mm2
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400

30CrMoV9;
30CrNiMo8

36NiCrMo16

34CrNiMo6

42CrMo4

41Cr4

36NiCrMo4; 51CrV4;
50CrMo4

For a ruling heat treatment diameter of 40 mm < d 100 mm

34CrMo4

37Cr4

34CrMo4

C60E

25CrMo4

28Mn6

C55E

46Cr2

C45E

C35E

200
C22E

Minimum 0.2% proof stress and tensile strenth range

30CrMoV9

b)

For a ruling heat treatment diameter of 16 mm < d 40 mm

Figs. 1a - h :
Overview of minimum 0.2% proof stress
and tensile strength ranges of EWK heattreatable steels in quenched and tempered
condition for various diameter ranges

30CrNiMo8

34CrNiMo6

36NiCrMo16

36CrNiMo4

50CrMo4

42CrMo4

41Cr4

34CrMo4

37Cr4

25CrMo4

34Cr4

46Cr2

C60E

C55E

28Mn6

0
C45E

described in Fig. 10 (page 71).

N/mm2

C35E

are valid for the sample positions

C22E

in DIN EN 10083. These figures

Minimum 0.2% proof stress and tensile strenth range

treatment diameters standardized

c)

21

22

Minimum 0.2% proof stress and tensile strenth range

For a ruling heat treatment diameter of


250 mm < d 500 mm

30CrMoV9

N/mm2

1600

1400

1200

1000

800

600

400

200

Minimum 0.2% proof stress and tensile strenth

1200

1000

800

600

400

200

d)

e)

400

f)
0

30CrNiMo8

34CrNiMo6

50CrMo4

42CrMo4

30CrNiMo8

1400

Minimum 0.2% proof stress and tensile strenth

30CrMoV9;
36NiCrMo16;
30CrNiMo8

34CrNiMo6

50CrMo4; 51CrV4

36CrNiMo4

42CrMo4

34CrMo4

25CrMo4

C60E

C55E

28Mn6

C45E

C35E

C22E

1600

34CrNiMo6

36NiCrMo16

30CrMoV9;
30CrNiMo8

51CrV4;
34CrNiMo6

50CrMo4

For a ruling heat treatment diameter of 100 mm < d 160 mm

30CrNiMo8

42CrMo4

34CrMo4

25CrMo4

C60E

28Mn6

C55E

C45E

36CrNiMo4

For a ruling heat treatment diameter


of 160 mm < d 250 mm

34CrNiMo6;
50CrMo4

42CrMo4

34CrMo4

25CrMo4

C60E

28Mn6

C55E

C45E

C35E

C22E

C35E

Minimum 0.2% proof stress and tensile strenth range

C22E

Minimum 0.2% proof stress and tensile strenth range


N/mm2

N/mm2
1600

1400

1200

1000
800

600

400

200

For a ruling heat treatment diameter of


500 mm < d 750 mm

For a ruling heat treatment diameter of


750 mm < d 1000 mm

N/mm2

1600

1400

1200

1000

800

600

200

Minimum 0.2% proof stress


Mindeststreckgrenze

Tensile strength range


Zugfestigkeitsbereich

g)

N/mm2
1600

1400

1200

1000

800

600

400

200

h)

THYROFORT
THYROFORT

THYROFORT
THYROFORT
THYROFORT
THYROFORT

EdelstahlWitten-Krefeld
Witten-Krefeld
Edelstahl

heat-treatable
steel,the
the
heat-treatable steel,
wayyou
youneed
needit.it.
way
Whereveryou
youmay
maybe.
be.
Wherever

23

THYROFORT C 22 E
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.1151

C22E

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

Ni

Cr+Mo+Ni

0.17 0.24

0.40

0.40 0.70

0.035

0.035

0.40

0.10

0.40

0.63

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201

Normalised N

Quenched and tempered Q + T

Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100

240
210
210

430
410
410

24
25
25

340
290

500 650
470 620

20
22

50
50

50
50

> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250
>250 500
>500 1000

230
220
210
200

27
26
25
24

260
220
220
210

450
410
410
410

24
26
26
25

45
40
40
35

410
410
410
410

530
530
530
530

600
540
540
540

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

24

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

880 920

860 900

Water

550 660

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

1000
100

800
80

600
Rm
60

400
Z
40

200
Rp 0,2

A
20

0
450
550
650
o
Anlasstemperatur
Tempering
temperatureCin C
0

Bruchdehnung
und Brucheinschnrung
Elongation at Afracture
A and reduction Zofin %
area at fracture Z in %

p 0,2

2
0.2%Streckgrenze
proof stress RRp0.2und
andZugfestigkeit
tensile strength
m in 2N/mm
R inRN/mm

THYROFORT C 22 E

Tempering diagram
1400

1200

25

THYROFORT C 35 E / C 35 R / Cf 35
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.1181

C35E

1.1180

C35R

1.1183

Cf35*

*To DIN 17212

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

To DIN 17212

C35E
C35R
Cf35

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

Ni

Cr+Mo+Ni

0.32 0.39
0.32 0.39

0.40
0.40

0.50 0.80
0.50 0.80

0.035
0.035

0.035
0.0200.040

0.40
0.40

0.10
0.10

0.40
0.40

0.63
0.63

0.33 0.39 0.15 0.35 0.50 0.80

0.025

0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201 (Ck35)

Normalised N

Quenched and tempered Q + T

Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

300
270
270
245
245

550
520
520
500
500

18
19
19
19
19

430
380
320

630 780
600 750
550 700

17
19
20

40
45
50

35
35
35

>100 160
>160 250
>250 500
>500 1000

240

490 610

20

290
290
270

490 640
490 640
490 640

22
22
21

31
31
25

Heat treatment
Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

870

860 900

840 880

Water or oil

550 660

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm

Hardness in HRC

max.
min.

26

10

11

13

15

20

25

58
48

57
40

55
33

53
24

49
22

41
20

34

31

28

27

26

25

24

23

20

THYROFORT C 35 E / C 35 R / Cf 35
1400

1200

100

1000

800

80

Rm

600

60

400

40
Rp 0,2

200

20
A

0
450
550
650
o
Anlasstemperatur
Tempering
temperatureCin C

Hardenability diagram

Bruchdehnung
A und Brucheinschnrung
Z in %
Elongation at fracture
A and reduction of
area at fracture Z in %

Typical values for


60 mm diameter

2
0.2% proof
stress RRp0.2 und
and Zugfestigkeit
tensile strength
in N/mm
2
Streckgrenze
Rm inRm
N/mm
p 0,2

Tempering diagram

70
65
60
55

Hardness
HrteininHRC
HRC

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Distance
from quenched
end ininmm
Abstand von der
abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

oC
Temperature
TemperaturininC

900
800

AC3

700

F 40

600
A

15 30 40
60
5 8 6070 60
60
35

45

50
45
55 55 P 50

AC1

500
400

MS

30 40
45 30
20

300
M
200
100

322

Hrtewerte
Hardness

HV 10
0

100
Zeit
Timeinins s

267
236

294

205
294

101

196

236

253

201

236

102
100
Zeit
Timeininmin
min.

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit
Timeininhh

105

106

103
101

104
102

27

THYROFORT C 45 E / C 45 R / Cf 45
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.1191

C45E

1.1201

C45R

1.1193

Cf45*

*To DIN 17212

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

To DIN 17212

C45E
C45R
Cf45

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

Ni

Cr+Mo+Ni

0.42 0.50
0.42 0.50

0.40
0.40

0.50 0.80
0.50 0.80

0.035
0.035

0.035
0.0200.040

0.40
0.40

0.10
0.10

0.40
0.40

0.63
0.63

0.43 0.49 0.15 0.35 0.50 0.80

0.025

0.035

0.40

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201 (Ck45)

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Normalised N

Quenched and tempered Q + T

Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

340
305
305
275
275

620
580
580
560
560

14
16
16
16
16

490
430
370

700 850
650 800
630 780

14
16
17

35
40
45

25
25
25

>100 160
>160 250
>250 500
>500 1000

300
290

590 720
590 720

15
15

340
340
320

590 740
590 740
590 740

18
18
17

22
22
20

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 207

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

840 880

820 860

Water or oil

550 660

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm

Hardness in HRC

max.
min.

28

1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

62
55

61
37

57
28

44
26

34
24

32
22

31
21

30
20

29

28

27

THYROFORT C 45 E / C 45 R / Cf 45
1400

1200

100

1000
R

80

800

600

60

Rp 0,2

400

40
Z

200

20
A

450
550
650
oC
Anlasstemperatur
Tempering
temperature
in C

Hardenability diagram

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %


Elongation at fracture A and reduction of
area at fracture Z in %

Typical values for


60 mm diameter

2
0.2% proof
stress RRp0.2 und
and Zugfestigkeit
tensile strength
Rm
in N/mm
2
Streckgrenze
Rm in
N/mm
p 0,2

Tempering diagram

70
65
60
55

Hrte
HRC
Hardness
in in
HRC

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

Temperature
in in
CoC
Temperatur

900
800

AC3

700
A

15

45

600

35

30
75

70

65

40
60

AC1

45
55

500

60
80

400
B

MS

300

30
5

200
100

Hrtewerte
Hardness

HV
0
100
Zeit ininss
Time

254

101

220 216

244 135 223

102

100
Zeit in min
Time in min.

210

103

101

104

102
100
Zeit in h
Time in h

105

106

103
101

104
102

29

THYROFORT Cf 53
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.1213

Cf53*
*To DIN 17212

Chemical
composition

Typical analysis in %

Si

Mn

0.50 0.57 0.15 0.35 0.40 0.70

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

0.025

0.035

Normalised N

Quenched and tempered Q + T

Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100

340
340

610 760
610 760

16
16

510
430
400

740 880
690 830
640 780

12
14
15

25
35
40

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

30

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

830 860

805 845

Water or oil

550 660

THYROFORT Cf 53
Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

Temperature
in in
CoC
Temperatur

900
AC3

800
10

700
600

500
400

96 95 90

1
3

20

25

30

35

35

30

A
1

15

95

80

70

75

65

65

70

AC1

97
98

MS

300
M

200
100
0

Hardness
Hrtewerte
772 772 322 264 245 236 228 213 206 193
HV 10

100
Zeit
Timeinins s

101

102

100
Zeit ininmin
Time
min.

187 187 176

103

101

170

104

102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

105

106

103
101

104
102

31

THYROFORT C 55 E / C 55 R
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.1203

C55E

1.1209

C55R

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C55E
C55R

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

Ni

Cr+Mo+Ni

0.52 0.60
0.52 0.60

0.40
0.40

0.60 0.90
0.60 0.90

0.035
0.035

0.035
0.0200.040

0.40
0.40

0.10
0.10

0.40
0.40

0.63
0.63

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201 (Ck53)

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Normalised N

Quenched and tempered Q + T

Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

370
330
330
300
300

680
640
640
620
620

11
12
12
12
12

550
490
420

800 950
750 900
700 850

12
14
15

30
35
40

>100 160
>160 250
>250 500
>500 1000

320
300

640 800
640 800

15
14

390
360
330

660 810
630 780
630 780

16
17
16

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 229

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

830

825 865

805 845

Oil or water

550 660

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm

Hardness in HRC

max.
min.

32

1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

65
58

64
55

60
33

52
31

37
29

35
27

34
26

33
25

32
24

30
22

29
20

THYROFORT C 55 E / C 55 R
Tempering diagram

1200

100

1000
Rm

80

800

600

60

Rp 0,2

400

40

200

20
A

450
550
650
oC
Anlasstemperatur
Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

Bruchdehnung
und Brucheinschnrung
Elongation at A
fracture
A and reduction Zofin %
area at fracture Z in %

Typical values for


60 mm diameter

2
0.2% proof stress Rp0.2 and tensile strength Rm in N/mm
Streckgrenze Rp 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm2

1400

70
65
60
55

Hardness
in in
HRC
Hrte
HRC

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

oC
Temperatur in
in C
Temperature

900
800
700

600
500
400

1
3

4 5
97

10

90
96 95

25

20

15
85

80

30
75

70

35

35

30

AC1

65P

65

70

AC3

98

MS

300
M

200
100
0

Hardness
Hrtewerte

HV 10

100
Zeit
in in
s s
Time

772 772 322 264

101

245 236 228 213 206 193

102
100
Zeit in min
Time in min.

187 187 176

103
101

170

104
102
100
Zeit in h
Time in h

105

106

103
101

104
102

33

THYROFORT C 60 E / C 60 R
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.1221

C60E

1.1223

C60R

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C60E
C60R

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

Ni

Cr+Mo+Ni

0.57 0.65
0.57 0.65

0.40
0.40

0.60 0.90
0.60 0.90

0.035
0.035

0.035
0.0200.040

0.40
0.40

0.10
0.10

0.40
0.40

0.63
0.63

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Normalised N

Quenched and tempered Q + T

Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

380
340
340
310
310

710
670
670
650
650

10
11
11
11
11

580
520
450

850 1000
800 950
750 900

11
13
14

25
30
35

>100 160
>160 250
>250 500
>500 1000

340
330

680 860
680 860

13
12

390
390
350

690 840
690 840
690 840

15
15
14

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 241

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

830

820 860

800 840

Oil or water

550 660

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm

Hardness in HRC

max.
min.

34

1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

67
60

65
50

62
35

54
32

39
30

36
28

35
27

34
26

33
25

31
23

30
21

THYROFORT C 60 E / C 60 R
1400

1200

1000

100

Rm

80

800
Rp 0,2

600

60

400

40
Z

200

20
A

450
550
650
oC
Anlasstemperatur
Tempering
temperature
in C

Hardenability diagram

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %


Elongation at fracture A and reduction of
area at fracture Z in %

Typical values for


60 mm diameter

2
0.2% proof stress Rp0.2 and tensile strength Rm in N/mm
Streckgrenze Rp 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm2

Tempering diagram

70
65
60
55

Hrte
HRC
Hardness
in in
HRC

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

o
Temperatur
TemperatureininCC

900
800

AC3

F
700

600
P

500

AC1

75

90

88

85

20

400
MS
300

93

95

25

15

7 10 12

200

Hardness
Hrtewerte

100

HV 10

227

242
528

269

247

229

187

787

100
Zeit
Timeinins s

101

102
100
Zeit in min
Time in min.

103

104

101

102
100
Time in h

105

106

103
101

104
102

35

THYROFORT 28 Mn 6
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.1170

28Mn6

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

Ni

Cr+Mo+Ni

0.25 0.32

0.40

1.30 1.65

0.035

0.035

0.40

0.10

0.40

0.63

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Heat treatment

Normalised N
Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100

345
310
290

630
680
590

17
18
18

590
490
440

800 950
700 850
650 800

13
15
16

40
45
50

35
40
40

>100 160
>160 250
>250 500

390
390
340

590 740
590 740
540 690

18
18
19

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 223

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

850 890

830 870

Water or oil

540 680

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

54
45

53
42

51
37

48
27

44
21

41

38

35

31

29

27

26

25

25

24

HH
max.
min.

54
48

53
46

51
42

48
34

44
30

41
27

38
24

35
21

31

29

27

26

25

25

24

HL
max.
min.

51
45

49
42

46
37

41
27

35
21

32

29

26

22

20

Hardness in HRC

36

Quenched and tempered Q + T

THYROFORT 28 Mn 6
Hardenability diagram
70
65
HH-Sorte
HH
grade
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL
grade

55

Hardness
in in
HRC
Hrte
HRC

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von Distance


der abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
in mm
from quenched
end in

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

oC
Temperature
TemperaturininC

900
800

AC3

700

45

55

55

600

45

45

F
P

55

55
45

AC1

55
45

55

45
45

45

20

500

10

400 MS

15
68

300

10

70

200

514

100

Hardness
Hrtewerte

HV 10

100

488

101

464

274 221

187

180

102

176

170 176

103

165

156

104

105

106

Zeit
Timeinins s
100
Zeit in
in min.
min
Time

101

102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

103
101

104
102

37

THYROFORT 46 Cr 2 / 46 CrS 2
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.7006

46Cr2

1.7025

46CrS2

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C
46Cr2 0.42 0.50
46CrS2 0.42 0.50

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Si

Mn

0.40
0.40

0.50 0.80
0.50 0.80

0.035
0.035

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.035 0.40 0.60


0.0200.040 0.40 0.60

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100

650
550
400

900 1100
800 950
650 800

12
14
15

35
40
45

30
35
35

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 223

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

840 880

820 860

Oil or water

540 680

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

63
54

61
49

59
40

57
32

53
28

47
25

42
23

39
22

36
20

33

32

31

30

29

29

HH
max.
min.

63
57

61
53

59
46

57
40

53
36

47
32

42
29

39
28

36
25

33
22

32
21

31
20

30

29

29

HL
max.
min.

60
54

57
49

53
40

49
32

45
28

40
25

36
23

32
22

31
20

28

27

26

25

25

24

Hardness in HRC

38

1800

90
Rm

1600

80

1400

70

1200

60

Rp 0,2

1000

50

800

40

600

30

400

20
Z

200

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

Typical values for


60 mm diameter

100

2000

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Tempering diagram

0.2% proof
stress R
and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2
Streckgrenze
Rp0.2
p 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm

THYROFORT 46 Cr 2 / 46 CrS 2

10
A

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram
70
65
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

Temperature
TemperaturininCoC

900
AC3

800
35

700
1

500

MS

87

P
5

80

35

35

30

20
1

600

400

10

35

70

AC1

65
65

65

65

10

B
15

300

45

64 7

200
100
0

595
Hrtewerte
Hardness

HV 10

100
Zeit
Timeinins s

592 488 393 347 303 232 221

101

102
100
101
ZeitTime
in min
in min.

206

183

178 176

103

172

104
102
100
Zeit
Timeininhh

105

106

103
101

104
102

39

THYROFORT 34 Cr 4 / 34 CrS 4
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.7033

34Cr4

1.7037

34CrS4

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C
34Cr4 0.30 0.37
34CrS4 0.30 0.37

Si

Mn

0.40
0.40

0.60 0.90
0.60 0.90

0.035
0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.035 0.90 1.20


0.0200.040 0.90 1.20

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100

700
590
460

900 1100
800 950
700 850

12
14
15

35
40
45

35
40
40

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 223

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

850 890

830 870

Water or oil

540 680

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

57
49

57
48

56
45

54
41

52
35

49
32

46
29

44
27

39
23

37
21

35
20

34

33

32

31

HH
max.
min.

57
52

57
51

56
49

54
45

52
41

49
38

46
35

44
33

39
28

37
26

35
25

34
24

33
23

32
22

31
21

HL
max.
min.

54
49

54
48

52
45

50
41

46
35

43
32

40
29

38
27

34
23

32
21

30
20

29

28

27

26

Hardness in HRC

40

THYROFORT 34 Cr 4 / 34 CrS 4
100

2000
1800
1600

80

Rp 0,2
1400

70

1200

60

1000

50
Z

800

40

600

30

400

20
A

200
0

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

90
Rm

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Streckgrenze Rp 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

0.2% proof stress Rp0.2 and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2

Tempering diagram

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
HH grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH + HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL grade
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

oC
TemperaturininC
Temperature

900
AC3

800
700
600

F3

25
75

20
80

15
85

30
70

30
70

35
65

AC1

500
B

MS

400

20

90
92

300

94

87
92

200
100
0

Hardness
Hrtewerte

550

HV 10

100
Zeit
Timeinins s

101

498

366 334 297 291 253 219 212


294

102
100
Zeit
in in
min
Time
min.

206

189
196

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

105

106

103
101

104
102

41

THYROFORT 37 Cr 4 / 37 CrS 4
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.7034

37Cr4

1.7038

37CrS4

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C
37Cr4 0.34 0.41
37CrS4 0.34 0.41

Si

Mn

0.40
0.40

0.60 0.90
0.60 0.90

0.035
0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.035 0.90 1.20


0.0200.040 0.90 1.20

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100

750
630
510

950 1150
850 1000
750 900

11
13
14

35
40
40

30
35
35

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 235

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

845 885

825 865

Oil or water

540 680

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm

Hardness in HRC

42

1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

59
51

59
50

58
48

57
44

55
39

52
36

50
33

48
31

42
26

39
24

37
22

36
20

35

34

33

HH
max.
min.

59
54

59
53

58
51

57
48

55
44

52
41

50
39

48
37

42
31

39
29

37
27

36
25

35
24

34
23

33
22

HL
max.
min.

56
51

56
50

55
48

53
44

50
39

47
36

44
33

42
31

37
26

34
24

32
22

31
20

30

29

29

100

1800

90

1600

80

Rp 0,2

1400

70

1200

60
Z

1000

50

Rm

800

40

600

30

400

20
A

200
0

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

2000

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Tempering diagram

0.2% proof
stress R
and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2
Streckgrenze Rp0.2
p 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm

THYROFORT 37 Cr 4 / 37 CrS 4

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Distance
from quenched
end ininmm
Abstand von der
abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

Temperature
ininCoC
Temperatur

900
AC3

800
25

700

15
10

600
500
400

85 75

30
70

AC1

70

30

B
MS

30

3
15
70

300

95

57

M
200
100

Hrtewerte
Hardness
627

HV 10
0

100
Zeit in s
Time in s

101

613

554

390 360 330 245

102
100
Zeit in min
Time in min.

103
101

232

221 210

104
102
100
Zeit in h
Time in h

105

106

103
101

104
102

43

THYROFORT 41 Cr 4 / 41 CrS 4
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.7035

41Cr4

1.7039

41CrS4

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C
41Cr4 0.38 0.45
41CrS4 0.38 0.45

Si

Mn

0.40
0.40

0.60 0.90
0.60 0.90

0.035
0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.035 0.90 1.20


0.0200.040 0.90 1.20

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100

800
660
560

1000 1200
1900 1100
1800 1950

11
12
14

30
35
40

30
35
35

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 241

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

840 880

820 860

Oil or water

540 680

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm

Hardness in HRC

44

1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

61
53

61
52

60
50

59
47

58
41

56
37

54
34

52
32

46
29

42
26

40
23

38
21

37

36

35

HH
max.
min.

61
56

61
55

60
53

59
51

58
47

56
43

54
41

52
39

46
35

42
31

40
29

38
27

37
26

36
25

35
24

HL
max.
min.

58
53

58
52

57
50

55
47

52
41

50
37

47
34

45
32

40
29

37
26

34
23

32
21

31

30

29

Rm

1800

90

Rp 0,2
1600

80

1400

70

1200

60

1000

50
Z

800

40

600

30

400

20
A

200
0

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

100

2000

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Tempering diagram

0.2% proof
stress R
and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2
Streckgrenze
Rp0.2
p 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm

THYROFORT 41 Cr 4 / 41 CrS 4

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Distance
from quenched
end ininmm
Abstand von der
abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000
900
AC3

oC
TemperaturininC
Temperature

800
700
5

600

10

15
90 85

20 20
80 80

20
80

AC1

P
5

500
400

MS
10 30

300
M

B
75

92 90

200
100

Hrtewerte
Hardness

629

579 510 428 312 293 263 236

215 210 206

HV 10
0

100
Zeit in
Time
in ss

101

102
100
Zeit ininmin
Time
min.

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

106

105
103
101

104
102

45

THYROFORT 51 CrV 4
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.8159

51CrV4

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.47 0.55

0.40

0.70 1.10

0.035

0.035

0.90 1.20

0.10 0.25

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

900
800
700
650
600

1100 1300
1000 1200
1900 1100
1850 1000
1800 1950

9
10
12
13
13

40
45
50
50
50

30
30
30
30
30

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 248

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

840 880

820 860

Oil

540 680

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

65
57

65
56

64
56

64
55

63
53

63
52

63
50

62
48

62
44

62
41

61
37

60
35

60
34

59
33

58
32

HH
max.
min.

65
60

65
59

64
59

64
58

63
56

63
56

63
54

62
53

62
50

62
48

61
45

60
43

60
43

59
42

58
41

HL
max.
min.

62
57

62
56

61
56

61
55

60
53

59
52

59
50

57
48

56
44

55
41

53
37

52
35

51
34

50
33

49
32

Hardness in HRC

46

1800

90
Rm

1600

80

Rp 0,2
1400

70

1200

60

1000

50

800

40

600

30

400

20
A

200
0

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

100

2000

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Tempering diagram

0.2% proof stress Rp0.2 and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2


Streckgrenze Rp 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm

THYROFORT 51 CrV 4

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
60
55

Hardness
HrteininHRC
HRC

50
45
40
35
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

30

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000
900
AC3

Temperatur
Temperature
in in
CoC

800
700

3
3

600

AC1

P3

A
500
400

Zw
Ms
3

300

20 90

95

90

200
100

Hrtewerte
Hardness

606 613 637 576 387 356 336

100
Zeit in s
Time in s

273 249
309

HV 10
101

102
100
Zeitininmin.
min
Time

233
244

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit
Timeininh h

106

105
103
101

104
102

47

THYROFORT 25 CrMo 4 / 25 CrMoS 4


Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.7218

25CrMo4

1.7213

25CrMoS4

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C
25CrMo4 0.22 0.29
25CrMoS4 0.22 0.29

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Si

Mn

0.40
0.40

0.60 0.90
0.60 0.90

0.035
0.035

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.035 0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30


0.0200.040 0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160

700
600
450
400

900 1100
800 1950
700 1850
650 1800

12
14
15
16

50
55
60
60

45
50
50
45

>160 250
>250 500

400
380

650 1800
600 1750

17
18

45
38

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 212

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

860 900

840 880

Oil or water

540 680

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

52
44

52
43

51
40

50
37

48
34

46
32

43
29

41
27

37
23

35
21

33
20

32

31

31

31

HH
max.
min.

52
47

52
46

51
44

50
41

48
39

46
37

43
34

41
32

37
28

35
26

33
24

32
23

31
22

31
22

31
22

HL
max.
min.

49
44

49
43

47
40

46
37

43
34

41
32

38
29

36
27

32
23

30
21

29
20

28

27

27

27

Hardness in HRC

48

1800

90

Rm

1600

80

1400

70

Rp 0,2

1200

60

1000

50

800

40

600

30

400

20

200

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

100

2000

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Tempering diagram

0.2% proof stress Rp0.2 and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2


Streckgrenze Rp 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm

THYROFORT 25 CrMo 4 / 25 CrMoS 4

10
A

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Distance
from quenched
end ininmm
Abstand von der
abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000
900
AC3

Temperature
in in
CoC
Temperatur

800
700

10
5 10

600

30

20

10

M
P
15

A
500

50

45

45
30

55

55

55

55

AC1

45

45

35

MS

85

400

100 87
95 90

87

70

300

55 40
15

M
200
100

Hrtewerte
Hardness

464

HV 10
0
100
Zeit ininss
Time

101

366 332

297

273 257 229 233 217

102
100
Zeit
Timeininmin
min.

171

170 160

163

188

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

105

106

103
101

104
102

49

THYROFORT 34 CrMo 4 / 34 CrMoS 4


Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.7220

34CrMo4

1.7226

34CrMoS4

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C
34CrMo4 0.30 0.37
34CrMoS4 0.30 0.37

Si

Mn

0.40
0.40

0.60 0.90
0.60 0.90

0.035
0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.035 0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30


0.0200.040 0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

800
650
550
500
450

1000 1200
1900 1100
1800 1950
1750 1900
1700 1850

11
12
14
15
15

45
50
55
55
60

35
40
45
45
40

>250 500

410

650 1800

16

33

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 223

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

850 890

830 870

Oil or water

540 680

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

57
49

57
49

57
48

56
45

55
42

54
39

53
36

52
34

48
30

45
28

43
27

41
26

40
25

40
24

39
24

HH
max.
min.

57
52

57
52

57
51

56
49

55
46

54
44

53
42

52
40

48
36

45
34

43
32

41
31

40
30

40
29

39
29

HL
max.
min.

54
49

54
49

54
48

52
45

51
42

49
39

47
36

46
34

42
30

39
28

38
27

36
26

35
25

35
24

34
24

Hardness in HRC

50

1800
1600

80

Rp 0,2

1400

70

1200

60
Z

50

800

40

600

30

0,2

1000

400

20
A

200
0

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

90
Rm

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

100

2000

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Tempering diagram

2
0.2% proof
stress R
andZugfestigkeit
tensile strength
m in2 N/mm
R in R
N/mm
Streckgrenze
Rp0.2 und

THYROFORT 34 CrMo 4 / 34 CrMoS 4

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Distance
from quenched
end ininmm
Abstand von der
abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000
900
AC3
Temperature
in in
CoC
Temperatur

800
700

F
3

600

30 40 45

P
5

45

45
55

55

AC1
55

3
55

500
B

MS
3

400

70 85

300

90

92

90

89

M
200
Hrtewerte
100 Hardness
HV 10
0
100
Zeit in s
Time in s

15
5

597

101

574 435 353 321 295 283 281 231 231 200 187 193

102
100
Zeit in min
Time in min.

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

105

106
104

10
101

102

51

THYROFORT 42 CrMo 4 / 42 CrMoS 4


Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

Material No.

Code

1.7225

42CrMo4

1.7227

42CrMoS4

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C
42CrMo4 0.38 0.45
42CrMoS4 0.38 0.45

Si

Mn

0.40
0.40

0.60 0.90
0.60 0.90

0.035
0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.035 0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30


0.0200.040 0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

900
750
650
550
500

1100 1300
1000 1200
1900 1100
1800 1950
1750 1900

10
11
12
13
14

40
45
50
50
55

30
35
35
35
35

>250 500
>500 750

460
390

1700 1850
1600 1750

15
16

27
22

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

max. 255

max. 241

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

840 880

820 860

Oil or water

540 680

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

61
53

61
53

61
52

60
51

60
49

59
43

59
40

58
37

56
34

53
32

51
31

48
30

47
30

46
29

45
29

HH
max.
min.

61
56

61
56

61
55

60
54

60
52

59
48

59
46

58
44

56
41

53
39

51
38

48
36

47
36

46
35

45
34

HL
max.
min.

58
53

58
53

58
52

57
51

56
49

54
43

53
40

51
37

49
34

46
32

44
31

42
30

41
30

40
29

40
29

Hardness in HRC

52

THYROFORT 42 CrMo 4 / 42 CrMoS 4


100

2000
Rm

1800

80

Rp 0,2

1400

70

1200

60

1000

50

800

40

600

30

0,2

400

20
A

200
0

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

1600

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

90

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

2
0.2% proof
stress R
andZugfestigkeit
tensile strength
m in2 N/mm
R in R
Streckgrenze
Rp0.2 und
N/mm

Tempering diagram

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

Temperature
in in
CoC
Temperatur

900
AC3

800
700

15 25 30
85 75 70

3 10

F
600

400

AC1

5 20

A
500

35
65

B
MS

10 15

75

300

90

95

99

92 70

200
100

Hrtewerte
Hardness

566 599 496 446 342 311 314 293 286 239 213 206 197

HV 10
0
100
Zeit in s
Time in s

101

102
100
Zeit
Timeininmin
min.

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit in
Time
in hh

105

106

103
101

104
102

53

THYROFORT 50 CrMo 4
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.7228

50CrMo4

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

Si

Mn

0.46 0.54

0.40

0.50 0.80

0.035

0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

900
780
700
650
550

1100 1300
1000 1200
1900 1100
1850 1000
1800 1950

9
10
12
13
13

40
45
50
50
50

30
30
30
30
30

>250 500
>500 750

540
490

1750 1900
1700 1850

14
15

20
15

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

See condition A

max. 248

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

840 880

820 860

Oil

540 680

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

65
58

65
58

64
57

64
55

63
54

63
53

63
51

62
48

61
45

60
41

58
39

57
38

55
37

54
36

54
36

HH
max.
min.

65
60

65
60

64
59

64
58

63
57

63
56

63
55

62
53

61
50

60
47

58
45

57
44

55
43

54
42

54
42

HL
max.
min.

63
58

63
58

62
57

61
55

60
54

60
53

59
51

57
48

56
45

54
41

52
39

51
38

49
37

48
36

48
36

Hardness in HRC

54

90

Rm

Rp 0,2

1600

80
70

1200

60

1000

50

0,2

1400

40

800
600

30

400

20
A

200
0

Hardenability diagram

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

1800

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

100

2000

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Tempering diagram

0.2% proof
stress R
and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2
Streckgrenze R p0.2 und Zugfestigkeit R in N/mm

THYROFORT 50 CrMo 4

10

100

200

300
400
500
600
Anlasstemperatur
in oC in C
Tempering
temperature

700

70
65
60
55

Hrte
HRC
Hardness
in in
HRC

50
45
40
35
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

30

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000
900
AC3

Temperature
TemperaturininCoC

800
700

600

10
10 10
90
90
90

8
82

AC1

87

500
B
400

MS

300

10

30

80

200
100

90

92

95

15
5

Hrtewerte
Hardness
599 635 568 505 404 366 339

HV 10
0
100
Zeit in s
Time in s

325
329

101

102
100
Zeit
in min
Time
in min.

227
255
243
285

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

105

106

103
101

104
102

55

THYROFORT 30 CrMoV 9
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.7707

30CrMoV9*
*To DIN E 17201

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

C
30CrMoV9 0.26 0.34

Si

Mn

0.40

0.40 0.70

0.035

0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions
To DIN E 17201

Heat treatment

2.30 2.70 0.15 0.25

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

1050
1020
1900
1800
1700
1590

1250 1450
1200 1450
1100 1300
1000 1200
1900 1100
1800 1950

9
9
10
11
12
14

35
35
40
45
50

25
25
30
35
35
35

16
40
100
160
250
500

Ni

0.60

0.10 0.20

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

See condition A

max. 248

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

860 900

840 880

Oil or water

540 650

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm

Hardness in HRC

56

Mo

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

> 16
> 40
>100
>160
>250

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

56
48

56
48

56
47

56
47

56
46

56
46

55
45

55
44

54
41

53
39

52
38

51
37

50
36

49
35

48
34

HH
max.
min.

56
51

56
51

56
50

56
50

56
50

56
49

55
48

55
48

54
45

53
43

52
42

51
41

50
40

49
39

48
38

HL
max.
min.

54
48

54
48

54
47

53
47

53
46

52
46

52
45

52
44

51
41

49
39

48
38

47
37

46
36

45
35

44
34

THYROFORT 30 CrMoV 9
100

2000
1800

80

Rp 0,2

1400

70

1200

60

50

800

40

600

30

0,2

1000

400

20

200
0

Hardenability diagram

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

1600

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

90
Rm

Typical values for


30 mm diameter

2
0.2% proof
stress RRp0.2 and
tensile strength
m in2 N/mm
und Zugfestigkeit
R in R
N/mm
Streckgrenze

Tempering diagram

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur
in oCin C
Tempering
temperature

600

700

70
65
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

Temperature
in in
CoC
Temperatur

900
AC3

800
700

40

70 70
70 70
30 30
30 30

AC1

600
A
500
400

B
MS

60

300
M

60

100 100
100 100

100

97
60

200
100

172

Hrtewerte
Hardness
496

HV 10
0

100
Zeit ininss
Time

101

478 481 493 428 404 390 351 374 351

102
100
Zeit
in min
Time
in min.

264 186 177 170

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

105

106

103
101

104
102

57

THYROFORT 36 CrNiMo 4
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.6511

36CrNiMo4

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

Si

Mn

0.32 0.40

0.40

0.50 0.80

0.035

0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

Mo

Ni

0.90 1.20 0.15 0.30 0.901.20

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

900
800
700
600
550

1100 1300
1000 1200
1900 1100
1800 1950
1750 1900

10
11
12
13
14

45
50
55
60
60

35
40
45
45
45

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

See condition A

max. 248

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

840 870

820 850

Oil or water

540 680

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

59
51

59
50

58
49

58
49

57
48

57
47

57
46

56
45

55
43

54
41

53
39

52
38

51
36

50
34

49
33

HH
max.
min.

59
54

59
53

58
52

58
52

57
51

57
50

57
50

56
49

55
47

54
45

53
44

52
43

51
41

50
39

49
38

HL
max.
min.

56
51

56
50

55
49

55
49

54
48

54
47

53
46

52
45

51
43

50
41

48
39

47
38

46
36

45
34

44
33

Hardness in HRC

58

90

Rm

1600

80

Rp 0,2

1400

70

1200

60

1000

50

800

40

600

30

400

20
A

200
0

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

1800

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Typical values for


60 mm diameter

100

2000

Streckgrenze Rp 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm

Tempering diagram

0.2% proof stress Rp0.2 and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2

THYROFORT 36 CrNiMo 4

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

60

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
55

Hardness
in in
HRC
Hrte
HRC

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000
900
AC3

Temperature
Temperatur in
in C
C

800
700
3F

600

AC1

25
10 20
3 10P 75

A
500
400 MS

10 60
80 90

300

B
90

91

M
200
100
0

100

97 97
87 70

286
532 558 517 542 510 438 345 319 304 297 274 229

Hrtewerte
Hardness

HV 10
100
Zeit in s
Time in s

101

102
100
Zeit in min
Time in min.

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

105

106

103
101

104
102

59

THYROFORT 34 CrNiMo 6
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.6582

34CrNiMo6

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

Si

Mn

0.30 0.38

0.40

0.50 0.80

0.035

0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

Mo

Ni

1.30 1.70 0.15 0.30 1.301.70

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

1000
1900
1800
1700
1600

1200 1400
1100 1300
1000 1200
1900 1100
1800 1950

9
10
11
12
13

40
45
50
55
55

35
45
45
45
45

>250 500
>500 1000

1540
1490

750 1900
700 1850

14
15

45
40

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

See condition A

max. 248

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

850 880

830 860

Oil

540 660

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

58
50

58
50

58
50

58
50

57
49

57
48

57
48

57
48

57
48

57
47

57
47

57
47

57
46

57
45

57
44

HH
max.
min.

58
53

58
53

58
53

58
53

57
52

57
51

57
51

57
51

57
51

57
50

57
50

57
50

57
50

57
49

57
48

HL
max.
min.

55
50

55
50

55
50

55
50

54
49

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
47

54
47

54
47

53
46

53
45

53
44

Hardness in HRC

60

1800
1600

80

Rp 0,2

1400

70

1200

60
Z

50

800

40

600

30

0,2

1000

400

20

200
0

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

90
Rm

Typical values for


60 mm diameter

100

2000

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Tempering diagram

0.2% proof
stress R
and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2
Streckgrenze Rp0.2 und Zugfestigkeit R in N/mm

THYROFORT 34 CrNiMo 6

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
60
55

Hrte
HRC
Hardness
in in
HRC

50
45
40
35
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

30

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

Temperature
in in
CoC
Temperatur

900
AC3

800
700
F

600
500
400

100

32

65

65

MS

15 20
30

40

70

80

85

M
Hrtewerte
Hardness

90

92 87
82 3

528 510 505 529 527 483 433 383 349

100
Zeit in s
Time in s

239 202

328 324

302

HV 10
0

AC1

35

300
200

15
3

101

102
100
Zeit
in in
min
Time
min.

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

105

106

103
101

104
102

61

THYROFORT 30 CrNiMo 8
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.6580

30CrNiMo8

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

Si

Mn

0.26 0.34

0.40

0.30 0.60

0.035

0.035

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

To DIN E 17201

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

Mo

Ni

1.80 2.20 0.30 0.50 1.802.20

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

1050
1050
1900
1800
1700

1250 1450
1250 1450
1100 1300
1000 1200
1900 1100

9
9
10
11
12

40
40
45
50
50

30
30
35
45
45

>250 500
>500 1000

1630
1590

1850 1000
1800 1950

12
12

45
40

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

See condition A

max. 248

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

850 880

830 860

Oil

540 660

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm

Hardness in HRC

62

1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

56
48

56
48

56
48

56
48

55
47

55
47

55
47

55
46

55
46

54
45

54
45

54
44

54
44

54
43

54
43

HH
max.
min.

56
51

56
51

56
51

56
51

55
50

55
50

55
50

55
49

55
49

54
48

54
48

54
47

54
47

54
47

54
47

HL
max.
min.

53
48

53
48

53
48

53
48

52
47

52
47

52
47

52
46

52
46

51
45

51
45

51
44

51
44

50
43

50
43

THYROFORT 30 CrNiMo 8
Tempering diagram
Rm
1200

1000

Rp 0,2

800

80

600

60
Z

400

40

200

20
A

Bruchdehnung
A und Brucheinschnrung
Z in %
Elongation
at fracture
A and reduction of
area at fracture Z in %

Typical values for


60 mm diameter

2
0.2% proof
stress RRp0.2 and
tensile strength R N/mm
in N/mm
2
Streckgrenze
p 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm inm

1400

450
550
650
oC
Anlasstemperatur
Tempering
temperature
in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
60
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
berschneidung
Overlap
of
HH+HL-Sorte
HH
+ HL grade

30

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Abstand von der


abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm
Distance
from quenched
end ininmm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

Temperature
TemperaturininCoC

900
800

AC3

700

AC1

600
A
500
400

MS

300

10

20

M
200
100

Hrtewerte
Hardness

574 552 530

60

85 90

95

534 560 480 476 433 397

HV 10
0

100
Zeit in s
Time in s

101

102
100
Zeit in min
Time in min.

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit ininhh
Time

105

106

103
101

104
102

63

THYROFORT 36 NiCrMo 16
Material No.
Code

Material No.

Code

1.6773

36NiCrMo16

Chemical
composition
Typical analysis in %

Si

Mn

0.32 0.39

0.40

0.30 0.60

0.030

0.025

Mechanical properties
in different
treatment conditions

Hardness in different
treatment conditions

Cr

Mo

Ni

1.60 2.00 0.25 0.45 3.604.10

Quenched and tempered Q + T


Heat treatment
diameter
in mm

0.2% proof
stress
(Rp 0.2) min.
N/mm2

Tensile strength
in N/mm2
Rm
min.

Elongation at
fracture in %
A
min.

Reduction of
area at fracture
in % Z
min.

Notch impact
energy (ISO-V)
in J KV
min.

16
> 16 40
> 40 100
>100 160
>160 250

1050
1050
1900
1800
1800

1250 1450
1250 1450
1100 1300
1000 1200
1000 1200

19
19
10
11
11

40
40
45
50
50

30
30
35
45
45

Treated for
shearing S
HB

Soft annealed
A
HB

See condition A

max. 269

Quenching
temperature in the
end-quench test

Normalising

Hardening

Quenching medium

Tempering

850

885 905

865 885

Air or oil

550 650

Heat treatment

Temperatures in C

Hardenability in the
end-quench test

Distance from quenched end in mm


1.5

11

13

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

H
max.
min.

57
50

56
49

56
48

56
48

56
48

56
48

55
47

55
47

55
47

55
47

55
47

55
47

55
47

55
47

55
47

HH
max.
min.

57
52

56
51

56
51

56
51

56
51

56
51

55
51

55
50

55
50

55
50

55
50

55
50

55
50

55
50

55
50

HL
max.
min.

55
50

54
49

53
48

53
48

53
48

53
48

52
47

52
47

52
47

52
47

52
47

52
47

52
47

52
47

52
47

Hardness in HRC

64

1800

90

Rm

1600

80

Rp 0,2

1400

70

1200

60

1000

50

800

40

600

30

400

20
A

200
0

Bruchdehnung A und Brucheinschnrung Z in %

Typical values for


120 mm diameter

100

2000

Elongation at fracture A and reduction of


area at fracture Z in %

Tempering diagram

0.2% proof
stress R
and tensile strength Rm in2 N/mm2
Streckgrenze Rp0.2
p 0,2 und Zugfestigkeit Rm in N/mm

THYROFORT 36 NiCrMo 16

10

100

200

300
400
500
Anlasstemperatur in oC

600

700

Tempering temperature in C

Hardenability diagram

70
65
60
55

HrteininHRC
HRC
Hardness

50
45
40
35
HH
grade
HH-Sorte
Overlap
of
berschneidung
HH
+ HL grade
HH+HL-Sorte

30

HL-Sorte
HL
grade
25
20
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Distance
from quenched
end ininmm
Abstand von der
abgeschreckten
Stirnflche
mm

Time-temperaturetransformation diagram
for continuous cooling

1200
1100
1000

Temperature
in in
CoC
Temperatur

900
800
Ac1e

700

Ac1b

600
A+K
500
400
MS
300
B
200
100

Hrtewerte
Hardness

RA
528

518

518

515 470

462

HV 10
0

100
Zeit in s
Time in s

101

102
100
Zeit in min
Time in min.

103
101

104
102
100
Zeit in h
Time in h

105

106

103
101

104
102

65

Thyrofort The basics


Heat-treatable steels are steels

and the cooling rate on hardening

Effect of microstructure

whose chemical composition

(i.e. the quenching medium).

The strength and toughness of a

makes them suitable for harden-

These parameters determine the

heat-treatable steel depend on

ing. In the quenched and tem-

capacity of a steel to attain

the hardening structure and the

pered condition, they exhibit a

roughly the same mechanical-

tempering temperature.

certain toughness at a given ten-

technological properties over a

80

sile strength.

certain cross-section of the com-

70

700 oC

Steel 42 CrMo 4

Heat-treatable steels, as stan-

ponent after hardening and tem-

dardized in DIN EN 10083, for

pering. For small sections, this is

example, can be mild carbon

possible with unalloyed or Mn-,

steels or steels alloyed with man-

Cr- and B-alloyed steels. Larger

ganese, chromium, molybdenum,

Reduction of Area in %

600 oC Tempering Temperature


60

500 oC
450 oC
350 oC

50
Brittle Fracture

100% M

40
Transition
30

50% B
50% M

Ductile Fracture
55% F + P
45% M

20
600

sections demand fairly large

1000

1500

2000

Tensile Strength in N/mm2


Acc. to H.-F. Klrner and E. Hougardy

nickel, vanadium and boron, hav-

quantities of the alloying elements

ing approximately 0.20 to 0.60 %

Cr, Ni, Mo and V in order to ensure

carbon, whose mechanical-tech-

through-hardening. Fig. 2 shows

nological properties can be

an example of the effect of alloy-

As shown in Fig. 3, using steel

designed to fulfill the given

ing elements on hardenability in

grade 42 CrMo 4 as an example,

requirements by the appropriate

the end-quench test on heat-

the most favourable combination

heat treatment hardening fol-

treatable steels with approximate-

of tensile strength and toughness,

lowed by tempering at tempera-

ly 0.35% carbon.

illustrated here by the reduction

Fig. 3: Effect of the microstructure on


reduction of area and toughness

tures usually over 550 C.

of area, is reached after


60

tempering a 100 % martensitic

Effect of the alloying eleThe choice of a suitable steel for


a component demanding a certain minimum yield point or ulti-

Hardness in HRC

ments on hardenability

50

bainite and martensite or


40
34 CrMo 4
30

the steel, the hardening section

66

ferrite-pearlite and martensite


give less favourable results.

34 Cr 4

20
C 35E

mate strength and toughness


depends on the hardenability of

structure. Mixed structures of

36 CrNiMo 4

10
0

10

20

Distance from end-face in mm

30

40

50

60

Fig. 2: Effect of alloying elements on


hardenability in the end-quench test

The effect of the structure diminishes with increasing tempering


temperature.
Due to their superior hardening
structure, better strength/toughness combinations can be ob-

Minimum Absorbed Energy (DVM Sample) in J

Technical information

tained with higher-alloyed steels

Effect of the carbon

Dimensional Range 40-100 mm

content

60

Improvements in the fatigue

CrNiMo steels
50
1% Cr steels

strength and/or wear resist-

40
1% CrMo steels

ance of heat-treatable

30

steels are often achieved by

unalloyed steels
20
300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

case hardening. Depending

Minimum Yield Point in N/mm 2

than with unalloyed or low-alloy


grades (Fig. 4).

on the desired surface hardness,

Fig. 4: Effect of chemical composition on


the minimum 0.2% proof stress and
toughness of heat-treatable steels

these steels require a minimum


carbon content that must be fully

Temper embrittlement

dissolved on hardening (Fig. 5).

Apart from these effects, the loss

The use of fine-grained steels is

of toughness due to embrittle-

recommended for flame or induc-

ment that occurs on tempering

tion hardening, to ensure lower

around 300 C (300 C embrittle-

sensitivity to cracking.

ment) and 500 C (temper brittleness) should be mentioned to

Fig. 5: Hardness as a function of carbon


content for structures with various martensite contents (acc. to Gerber and Wyss).

complete the picture.


80

Accompanying elements, such as

C-Steels
Ni-Steels

phosphorus, arsenic, antimony

% Martensite
99.9%
95.0%
90.0%

70

and tin, increase the degree of


60

molybdenum or more rapid cooling after tempering reduce it.


In order to avoid such brittleness
effects, it is therefore advisable
not to temper in the temperature

Hardness in HRC

temper embrittlement, while

80.0%
50.0%
50

Mn-Si-Steels
Cr-Si-Steels
Cr-Ni-Mo-Steels
Cr-Ni-Steels
Mo-Steels

40
Cr-Mo-Steels
Cr-Steels

30
Greatest hardness
acc. to Burns, Moore and Archer
20

Hardness with various martensite contents,


acc. to Hodge and Orehoski

range from 250 C to 530 C.


10
0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

Content of carbon dissolved in austenite in %

67

The heat-treatable steels dis-

Forming and machining

In order to improve machinability,

cussed in this publication are

Heat-treatable steels exhibit good

heat-treatable steels are usually

special engineering steels which

hot forming properties. Their cold

supplied with a controlled sul-

exhibit a higher degree of purity

workability depends on the car-

phur content of 0.020 0.040 %.

compared to high-grade steels,

bon content, the quantities of

Steels whose machinability has

particularly with regard to non-

alloying elements and the crys-

been improved by special metal-

metallic inclusions, and react uni-

talline structure. Heat-treatable

lurgical treatment can be sup-

formly to heat treatment. Careful

steels intended to be processed

plied on request.

balancing of the chemical compo-

by cold upsetting or cold extru-

sition and special manufacturing

sion are usually supplied in the

and testing conditions allow the

ASC-annealed condition.

most varied machining and ser-

Machinability is mostly influenced

vice properties to be achieved,

by the strength, the micro-

e.g. high or very specific strength

structure and the non-metallic

or hardenability in conjunction

inclusions.

with high demands on toughness,

In general, it can be said that

ductility, etc.

machinability deteriorates with


increasing strength and tough-

Heat-treatable steels are predom-

ness. This is why ferritic-pearlitic

inantly used for mechanically

structures, for example, can be

highly stressed components, e.g.

more easily machined than

in automotive and general me-

bainitic or martensitic structures.

chanical engineering.

In cases involving extensive machining of components made of


high-strength steels (approx.
2

>1000 N/mm ), it can thus be


appropriate not to carry out
hardening and tempering until the
part has been pre-machined.

68

Technical information

Heat treatment Schematic representation


Heat treatment

= Start of transformation

A Austenite range

Bainite range

The prerequisite for understanding

= End of transformation

F Ferrite range

Martensite range

P Pearlite range

the individual heat treatment


processes of heat-treatable steels

1000

(continous)

900

and the resulting structures is a


knowledge of the time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagrams
or the cooling-time-temperaturetransformation (CTT) diagrams of

600

MS

AC 1
Stress relieving

500

300

Tempering

AC 1

700

400

AC 3

AC 3

800

4
M

200
100

the individual steel grades.

Time (log.)
Fig. 6
TTT-Diagram continous

Time in h (linear)
Fig. 7
Time-temperature diagram

The important heat treatment


processes for heat-treatable steels

Fig. 6: TTT diagram, continous

(acc. to DIN 17014) are shown

Fig. 7: Time-temperature diagram with linear abscissa

schematically in the isothermal and


continuous TTT diagrams (Figs. 6

Heat treatment processes,

Quenching and tempering (Q + T,

and 8) or in the temperature-time

illustrated in a TTT diagram

Curves 1 and 3)

profile with linear time axis (Figs. 7

for continuous cooling

Hardening with subsequent tem-

and 9).

Hardening (Q, Curve 1)

pering, usually above 550 C, in

Heat treatment consisting of

order to achieve the required com-

austenitising and cooling under

bination of mechanical properties.

conditions leading to an increase

It is particularly the aim to improve

in hardness due to more or less

the toughness in comparison with

complete transformation of the

the hardened state.

austenite into martensite and

Normalising (N, Curve 2)

possibly bainite.

Heat treatment consisting of


austenitising at temperatures
about 50 C above AC3 and subsequent cooling in still air.

69

Heat treatment processes,

Heat treatment processes,

Stress relief annealing (Curve 4)

illustrated in a TTT diagram

illustrated in a temperature/

Annealing with the aim of reducing

with isothermal treatment

time profile with linear time

residual stresses without appre-

Isothermal transformation in the

axis

ciably changing the structure or

pearlite or bainite stage

Tempering (T, Curve 3)

mechanical properties.

(Curves 5 and 6)

Single or multiple heating of a

Soft annealing (A, Curve 7)

Heat treatment consisting of

hardened workpiece to a given

Heat treatment for reducing the

austenitising, followed by cooling

temperature AC1, holding at this

hardness of a workpiece to values

to an appropriate temperature and

temperature and subsequent ap-

below a given limit.

holding at this temperature until

propriate cooling.

N.B.: Soft annealing should not be

the desired degree of transforma-

Annealing to spherical carbides

confused with annealing to spheri-

tion has been achieved. Further

(AC, Curves 8 and 9)

cal carbides.

cooling to room temperature can

Annealing with the aim of spheroid-

Special case: Annealing for

be carried out as desired. Depend-

ising the carbides. It usually com-

particular shearing (S) and sawing

ing on the transformation tempera-

prises extended holding at a tem-

properties.

ture involved, a distinction is made

perature near AC1, possibly fluctu-

between pearlitising (Curve 6) and

ating around this value.

bainitising (Curve 5).


1000
900

AC1

F
A

AC1

500

B
6

400
5
300

Temperature

Temperature in oC

700
600

AC3

AC3

800

ASC-annealing
7 Soft annealing
9

200
100
0
Time (log.)
A Austenite range

= End of transformation

F Ferrite range

M Martensite range

Fig. 8: TTT diagram, isothermal

70

= Start of transformation

range of intermediate structure

Time

Fig. 9: Schematic representation of the temperature/time profile for


annealing to spherical cementite (ASC) and soft annealing

Technical information

Sampling according to
DIN EN 10083
Sampling of bar steel and wire rod

Round sections
d up to 25 mm 1)

Fig. 10

Square and rectangular sections


a over 25 mm
a up to 25 mm 1)
ba
ba

d over 25 mm

b
b

12

.5

12.5

12.5

12.5

d
b
2)

3)

3)

.5

12.5

12

d
d

12.5

Tensile specimen

12,5

notched bar impact specimen

1) For

thin products (d or b 25 mm) the specimen should,


as far as possible, consist of an unmachined part of the bar.

2) With

products having a round section, the longitudinal axle of the notch


should be generally in the direction of a diameter.

3)

With products having rectangular sections, the longitudinal axle of the notch
must be at right angles to the wider roll surface.

The values given for the mechani-

tempered or normalised heat-

cal properties in Figs. 1a-h and in

treated condition, taken in accor-

the material data sheets apply to

dance with Fig. 10.

samples in the quenched and

71

Ruling heat
treatment diameter
Determination of the ruling heat treatment diameter acc. to DIN EN 17201
Name

Sketch of
Product section

Round
section

(bar)

Square
section

(bar)

Oblong
section

(bar)

Equation for determining


the appropriate heat treatment
diameter

d = 1.1 a

d = 1.05

d=

one-end

= Inner diameter

ruling heat treatment section of a

a,b = edge length

Di

= Height

h Da 2-Di

Da -Di
2

Fd = Flange and shaft


or roll diameter
Fb = Flange and shaft
or roll width

ment section is always expressed


in the form of a diameter. This diameter corresponds to the diame-

This is a steel bar which, when

d = 2.5 W
W

cooled from the austenitisation


Fd

d=

temperature, has the same cooling

Fb2 D2

rate at the location of the crossFd

d = Fd

section envisaged for sampling as

Fb
Fd

(Fd-4 D

d=

d = Fd

the ruling section of the product in

+D)2 +Fb2

question at the point envisaged for

Fb
Schaft,
roll

Fd

sampling.

Fb
(bar)

Sw

(bar)

d = 1.03 Sw

d = 0.7 a
a

If two equations are available, both are used to calculate d. The lower
value of d is then used.

Fig. 11: Conversion formulas for determining the ruling heat treatment diameter d
for various geometries

72

mension for the ruling heat treat-

ter of an equivalent steel bar.

Centre
flange

Dreieck

are defined.

dimensions of the product, the dih

Fb

Triangle

which the mechanical properties

Sw = Hexagon width

double-end closed
hollow body

Shaft
end

product is the cross-section for

Regardless of the actual shape and

Di 80 mm
d=2
W
80 < Di 200 mm d = 1.75 W
200 < Di
d = 1.5 W

or

End
flange

Di

W = wall thickness

h Da 2-Di

d = 1.5

Da
Tube

d = 1.05

Di

According to DIN EN 10083, the

d = 1.5 h

Da
Ring

d = 1.5 h
d=

Di

d = 1.5 b

Disc with
hole

= Diameter

Da = Outer diameter
a

Disc

d=D

Fig. 11

In Fig. 6 equations are


quoted for the
determination of the
appropriate heat
treatment diameter d.

Technical information

Permissible deviations between check analysis and ladle analysis

Table 4
means that, for a given melt, either the
upper or the lower limit of the range given
for the ladle analysis in Tables 2 and 3 may
be exceeded, but not both at once.

Element

Maximum permissible
content in the ladle analysis
% by weight

Deviation from limit1


% by weight

< 0.55

0.02

< 0.65

0.03

< 0.40

0.03

< 1.00

0.04

< 1.65

0.05

< 0.035

0.005

< 0.040

0.0052

< 2.00

0.05

< 2.20

0.10

< 0.30

0.03

< 0.50

0.04

< 2.00

0.05

< 4.10

0.07

< 0.25

0.02

C
> 0.55
Si
Mn
> 1.00

2
For steels with a range of 0.020 to 0.040%
sulphur according to the ladle analysis, the
deviation from the limit is 0.005%.

For check analysis, chips must be taken


uniformly over the whole cross-section of
the test piece.

Cr
> 2.00
Mo
> 0.30
Ni
> 2.00
V

73

Comparison of international standards


Comparison of the heat-treatable steels according to DIN EN 10083 or
DIN E 17201 and DIN 17212 with international designations and standards
Grade

Mat.
No.

Code name
according to
EN 10083-1

Thyrofort C 22 E

1.1151

C22E

Thyrofort C 35 E

1.1181

C35E

Thyrofort C 35 R
Thyrofort Cf 35
Thyrofort C 45 E

1.1180
1.1183
1.1191

C35R

C45E

Thyrofort
Thyrofort
Thyrofort
Thyrofort
Thyrofort
Thyrofort

1.1201
1.1193
1.1213
1.1203
1.1209
1.1221

C45R

C55E
C55R
C60E

Thyrofort C 60 R
Thyrofort 28 Mn 6

1.1223
1.1170

C60R
28Mn6

Thyrofort
Thyrofort
Thyrofort
Thyrofort
Thyrofort
Thyrofort
Thyrofort

Cr 2
CrS 2
Cr 4
CrS 4
Cr 4
CrS 4
Cr 4

1.7006
1.7025
1.7033
1.7037
1.7034
1.7038
1.7035

46Cr2
46CrS2
34Cr2
34CrS4
37Cr4
37CrS4
41Cr4

Thyrofort 41 CrS 4
Thyrofort 51 CrV 4

1.7039
1.8159

41CrS4
51CrV4

Thyrofort 25 CrMo 4

1.7218

25CrMo4

Thyrofort 25 CrMoS 4
Thyrofort 34 CrMo 4

1.7213
1.7220

25CrMoS4
34CrMo4

Thyrofort 34 CrMoS 4
Thyrofort 42 CrMo 4

1.7226
1.7225

34CrMoS4
42CrMo4

Thyrofort 42 CrMoS 4
Thyrofort 50 CrMo 4

1.7227
1.7228

42CrMoS4
50CrMo4

Thyrofort 30 CrMoV 9

1.7707

Thyrofort 36 CrNiMo 4
Thyrofort 34 CrNiMo 6

1.6511
1.6582

36CrNiMo4
34CrNiMo6

Thyrofort 30 CrNiMo 8

1.6580

30CrNiMo8

Thyrofort 36 NiCrMo 16

1.6773

36NiCrMo16

74

C 45 R
Cf 45
Cf 53
C 55 E
C 55 R
C 60 E

46
46
34
34
37
37
41

Other
German
standards
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN 1652 T4 / SEW 550
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN E 17240/ DIN 1652 T4 /
SEW 550
DIN 17204 / DIN 1652 T4
DIN 17212
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN 1652 T4 / SEW 550
DIN 17204 / DIN 1652 T4
DIN 17212
DIN 17212
DIN 17204 / DIN 17222
DIN 17204 / DIN 17222
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN E 17222 / DIN 1652 T4 /
SEW 550
DIN 17204 / DIN 1652 T4
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN 1652 T4 / SEW 550
DIN 1652 T4 / DIN 1654 T4
DIN 1652 T4
DIN 1652 T4 / DIN 1654 T4
DIN 1652 T4
DIN 1652 T4 / DIN 1654 T4
DIN 1652 T4
DIN 17204 / DIN 1652 T4 /
DIN 1654 T4
DIN 1652 T4
DIN 17211 / DIN 17222 /
DIN 1652 T4
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN 17176 / DIN 1652 T4 /
DIN 1654 T4
DIN 1652 T4
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN 1652 T4 /
DIN 1654 T4 / SEW 550
DIN 1652 T4
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN 1652 T4 /
DIN 1654 T4 / SEW 550
DIN 1652 T4
DIN E 17201 / DIN 1652 T4 /
SEW 550
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN 1652 T4
DIN 17204 / DIN 1652 T4
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN 1652 T4 /
DIN 1654 T4 / SEW 550
DIN E 17201 / DIN 17204 /
DIN 1652 T4 /
DIN 1654 T4 / SEW 550

Table 5

USA

Japan

AISI / SAE /ASTM 1020/1023 JIS S20C / S20CK / S22C


AISI / SAE /ASTM 1035/1038 JIS S35C
AISI / SAE /ASTM 1035
AISI / SAE /ASTM 1035
AISI / SAE /ASTM 1045

JIS S35C
JIS S45C / S45C

AISI / SAE /ASTM


AISI / SAE /ASTM
AISI / SAE /ASTM
AISI / SAE /ASTM
AISI / SAE /ASTM
AISI / SAE /ASTM

JIS
JIS
JIS
JIS

JIS

1049
1045
1050/1055
1055
1055
1060/1064

AISI / SAE /ASTM 1330


AISI / SAE /ASTM

AISI / SAE /ASTM

AISI / SAE /ASTM

AISI / SAE /ASTM

S50C
S45C
S50C
S55C
S58C

JIS SCMn1

5045 / 5046

5132
JIS SCr430(H)

5135
JIS SCr435(H)

5140
JIS SCr440(H)

AISI / SAE /ASTM 6145 / 6150 JIS SUP10


AISI / SAE /ASTM 4130

JIS SCM420 / SCM430 / SCCRM1

AISI / SAE /ASTM 4135 /4137 JIS SCM432 / SCM435(H)/SCCRM3

AISI / SAE /ASTM 4140 /4142 JIS SCM440(H)/SNB7

AISI / SAE /ASTM 4150

JIS SCM445(H)

SEW 550
AISI / SAE /ASTM 4340 / 9840
AISI / SAE /ASTM 4337 / 4340 JIS SNCM447

JIS SNCM431

Technical information

Hardness comparison table


Tensile strength, Brinell,
Vickers and Rockwell hardness
Tensile
strength
Rm
N/mm2
255
270
285
305
320
335
350
370
385
400
415
430
450
465
480
495
510
530
545
560
575
595
610
625
640
660
675
690
705
720
740
755
770
785
800
820
835
850
865
880
900
915
930
950
965
995
1030
1060
1095
1125
1155
1190
1220
1255
1290
1320
1350
1385
1420
1455
1485
1520
1555
1595
1630
1665
1700
1740
1775
1810
1845
1880
1920
1955
1995

Brinell hardness
Ball indentation mm
d
HB
6.63
6.45
6.30
6.16
6.01
5.90
5.75
5.65
5.54
5.43
5.33
5.26
5.16
5.08
4.99
4.93
4.85
4.79
4.71
4.66
4.59
4.53
4.47
4.43
4.37
4.32
4.27
4.22
4.18
4.13
4.08
4.05
4.01
3.97
3.92
3.89
3.86
3.82
3.78
3.75
3.72
3.69
3.66
3.63
3.60
3.54
3.49
3.43
3.39
3.34
3.29
3.25
3.21
3.17
3.13
3.09
3.06
3.02
2.99
2.95
2.92
2.89
2.86
2.83
2.81
2.78
2.75
2.73
2.70
2.68
2.66
2.63
2.60
2.59
2.57

76.0
80.7
85.5
90.2
95.0
99.8
105
109
114
119
124
128
133
138
143
147
152
156
162
166
171
176
181
185
190
195
199
204
209
214
219
223
228
233
238
242
247
252
257
261
266
271
276
280
285
295
304
314
323
333
342
352
361
371
380
390
399
409
418
428
437
447
(456)
(466)
(475)
(485)
(494)
(504)
(513)
(523)
(532)
(542)
(551)
(561)
(570)

Rockwell hardness

Vickers
hardness
HV
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
190
195
200
205
210
215
220
225
230
235
240
245
250
255
260
265
270
275
280
285
290
295
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
470
480
490
500
510
520
530
540
550
560
570
580
590
600

HRB

41.0
48.0
52.0
56.2

62.3

66.7

71.2

75.0

78.7

81.7

85.0

87.1

89.5

91.5
92.5
93.5
94.0
95.0
96.0
96.7

98.1

99.5

(101)

(102)

(104)

(105)

HRC

HR 30 N

20.3
21.3
22.2
23.1
24.0
24.8
25.6
26.4
27.1
27.8
28.5
29.2
29.8
31.0
32.2
33.3
34.4
35.5
36.6
37.7
38.8
39.8
40.8
41.8
42.7
43.6
44.5
45.3
46.1
46.9
47.7
48.4
49.1
49.8
50.5
51.1
51.7
52.3
53.0
53.6
54.1
54.7
55.2

41.7
42.5
43.4
44.2
45.0
45.7
46.4
47.2
47.8
48.4
49.0
49.7
50.2
51.3
52.3
53.6
54.4
55.4
56.4
57.4
58.4
59.3
60.2
61.1
61.9
62.7
63.5
64.3
64.9
65.7
66.4
67.1
67.7
68.3
69.0
69.5
70.0
70.5
71.2
71.7
72.1
72.7
73.2

Tensile
strength
Rm
N/mm2

Brinell hardness
Ball
indentation
mm d
HB

2030
2070
2105
2145
2180

2.54
2.52
2.51
2.49
2.47

Rockwell hardness

Vickers
hardness

(580)
(589)
(599)
(608)
(618)

HV

HRB

HRC

HR 30 N

610
620
630
640
650
660
670
680
690
700
720
740
760
780
800
820
840
860
880
900
920
940

55.7
56.3
56.8
57.3
57.8
58.3
58.8
59.2
59.7
60.1
61.0
61.8
62.5
63.3
64.0
64.7
65.3
65.9
66.4
67.0
67.5
68.0

73.7
74.2
74.6
75.1
75.5
75.9
76.4
76.8
77.2
77.6
78.4
79.1
79.7
80.4
81.1
81.7
82.2
82.7
83.1
83.6
84.0
84.4

Conversions of hardness values using this conversion table are only approximate.
See DIN 50 150, December 1976.

Tensile strength

N/mm2

Rm

Brinell hardness1)
1)
Calculated from:
HB = 0.95 HV

Diameter of the
ball indentation in mm

(0.102 F/D2 = 30)


D = 10

Hardness
value =

Vickers hardness

Diamond pyramid
Test forces 50 N

HV

Rockwell hardness

Ball 1.588 mm (1/16)


Total test force = 98 N

HRB

Diamond cone
Total test force = 1471 N

HRC

0.102 2 F
D (D D2 d2)

Diamond cone
Total test force = 294 N

HB

HR 30 N

75

Forms supplied
Product

Bar steel
and round
billets for
tubemaking
rolled

Dimensions

55 250 mm dia.

Tolerances
Dia. or edge length

Lengths

Straightness

DIN 1013

Subject to
purchase
order

80 mm:
4.0 mm/m

> 200 mm dia. standard incompany tolerance, closer


tolerance on request
Sharp-edged
50 103 mm square

DIN 1014

Flat:
Width: 80 510 mm
Thickness:
25 160 mm
Width/thickness
ratio 10:1 max

DIN 1017
up to 150 mm width and
60 mm thickness;
over 150 mm width
standard in-company tolerance

Sheet bars
rolled with
bulbous narrow face

Width:
25 160 mm

Tolerance on request

Semis
rolled

50 320 mm square,
rising in 1 mm increments

Special:*)
+100/-0

> 80 mm:
2.5 mm/m

Lengths/
weights

4.0 10 m, Hot-sawn
other lengths or hot abrasion request
ve-cut

Special:*)
100 mm +/- 1%
of edge length

As-supplied
condition

Surface finish

Untreated

Rough-peeled finish
available for 52 Cold-sheara240 mm
ble
Max. permissible
Special:*)
Cold-sawable surface defect depCold-sawn,
ths:
cold abrasive- Normalized
cut
Round: 1% max. of
Treated to
dia. + 0.05 mm
ferrite-pearlite
Square: 1% max. of
structure
edge length
Treated to
Flat: 1.5% max. of
hardness
width, 2.0% max. of
range
thickness
Soft-annealed
Special:*)
Spheroidize- Smaller surface
defect depth on
annealed
request
Stress-relieved

< 1000 mm2:


4.0 mm/m
> 1000 mm2:
2.5 mm/m
Special:*)
Specially
straightened

Thickness:
80 550 mm
< 210 mm +/- 2%
> 210 mm +/- 3%
of edge length

End
condition

210 mm
square:
hot-sawn
or hot abrasive-cut

Standard:
6 mm/m
Special:*)
4 mm/m

> 210 mm
square:
hot-sheared

> 100 mm 210 mm


+/- 1.5% of edge length

Special:*)
Cold abrasivecut, cold-sawn

Quenched
Edge radius:
and tempered
< 210 mm - 12-18%
of edge length
> 210 mm: without
defined edge radius
Max. perm. surface
defect depth:
140 mm sq.
0.3 mm max.
> 140 - 200 mm sq.
0.6 mm max.
> 200 mm sq.
visible defects eliminated

Bar steel
and semis
forged

65 750 mm dia.

DIN 7527

265 650 mm
square

Bar steel:
to DIN within
the tolerance
limit

flat: on request

Bright steel
peeled

52 400 mm dia.

ISA Tol. 11 or comparable


tolerance

peeled and
polished

52 300 mm dia.

ISA Tol. 11 or comparable


tolerance

ground

52 100 mm dia.

As-cast
ingots/c.c.
blooms
Open-die
forgings

on request

Semis:
as-forged
straightness

ISA-Tol. 8 or comparable
tolerance

As-peeled
straightness
2 mm/m,
1 mm/m or
closer as a
function of
dimensions
on request

Lengths as
a function of
dimensions
and heattreatment
condition
on request

Hot abrasivecut or coldsawn

3 - 10 m, on
request 30 m
max. as a
function of
dia. and
max. bar
dead weight
of 7 t

Hot-sawn/hot
abrasive-cut

38m

Forgings forged to
shape on request
(drawing)

*) Special finishes subject to further inquiry (partly dependent on quality, dimensions and condition)

76

Special:*)
Cold abrasivecut

Special:*)
Cold-sawn/
abrasive-cut
Dimensions 50
- 105 mm with
round chamfer
30 or 45,
chamfer width
approx. 5 -12
mm, other
widths by arrangement

Special:*)
- Rough-peeled
- Turned
- Milled

Technically crack-free
condition e.g. eddycurrent tested or
comparable technique, defined depth
of roughness and suitable packaging by
special arrangement

Temperature Comparison
Chart

X = particular

X 273

9 /5 (X273) + 32

measured

9 /5 X + 32

X + 273

temperature

5 /9 (X32)

5 /9 (X32) + 273

0,00

380,00

716,00

653,15

910,00

1670,00

1183,15

454,00

3,15

390,00

743,00

663,15

920,00

1688,00

1193,15

328,00

73,15

400,00

752,00

673,15

930,00

1706,00

1203,15

150,00

238,00

123,15

410,00

770,00

683,15

940,00

1724,00

1213,15

100,00

148,00

173,15

420,00

788,00

693,15

950,00

1742,00

1223,15

90,00

130,00

183,15

430,00

806,00

703,15

960,00

1760,00

1233,15

80,00

112,00

193,15

440,00

824,00

713,15

970,00

1778,00

1243,15

70,00

94,00

203,15

450,00

842,00

723,15

980,00

1796,00

1253,15

60,00

76,00

213,15

460,00

860,00

733,15

990,00

1814,00

1263,15

50,00

58,00

223,15

470,00

878,00

743,15

1000,00

1832,00

1273,15

40,00

40,00

233,15

480,00

896,00

753,15

1010,00

1850,00

1283,15

30,00

22,00

243,15

490,00

914,00

763,15

1020,00

1868,00

1393,15

20,00

4,00

253,15

500,00

932,00

773,15

1030,00

1886,00

1303,15

17,78

0,00

255,37

510,00

950,00

783,15

1040,00

1904,00

1313,15

10,00

14,00

263,15

520,00

968,00

793,15

1050,00

1922,00

1323,15

0,00

32,00

273,15

530,00

986,00

803,15

1060,00

1940,00

1333,15

10,00

50,00

283,15

540,00

1004,00

813,15

1070,00

1958,00

1343,15

20,00

68,00

293,15

550,00

1022,00

823,15

1080,00

1976,00

1353,15

30,00

86,00

303,15

560,00

1040,00

833,15

1090,00

1994,00

1363,15

40,00

104,00

313,15

570,00

1058,00

843,15

1100,00

2012,00

1373,15

50,00

122,00

323,15

580,00

1076,00

853,15

1110,00

2030,00

1383,15

60,00

140,00

333,15

590,00

1094,00

863,15

1120,00

2048,00

1393,15

70,00

158,00

343,15

600,00

1112,00

873,15

1130,00

2066,00

1403,15

80,00

176,00

353,15

610,00

1130,00

883,15

1140,00

2084,00

1413,15

90,00

194,00

363,15

620,00

1148,00

893,15

1150,00

2102,00

1423,15

100,00

212,00

373,15

630,00

1166,00

903,15

1160,00

2120,00

1433,15

110,00

230,00

383,15

640,00

1184,00

913,15

1170,00

2138,00

1443,15

120,00

248,00

393,15

650,00

1202,00

923,15

1180,00

2156,00

1453,15

130,00

266,00

403,15

660,00

1220,00

933,15

1190,00

2174,00

1463,15

140,00

284,00

413,15

670,00

1238,00

943,15

1200,00

2192,00

1473,15

150,00

302,00

423,15

680,00

1256,00

953,15

1210,00

2210,00

1483,15

160,00

320,00

433,15

690,00

1274,00

963,15

1220,00

2228,00

1493,15

170,00

338,00

443,15

700,00

1292,00

973,15

1230,00

2246,00

1503,15

180,00

356,00

453,15

710,00

1310,00

983,15

1240,00

2264,00

1513,15

190,00

374,00

463,15

720,00

1328,00

993,15

1250,00

2282,00

1523,15

200,00

392,00

473,15

730,00

1346,00

1003,15

1260,00

2300,00

1533,15

210,00

410,00

483,15

740,00

1364,00

1013,15

1270,00

2318,00

1543,15

220,00

428,00

493,15

750,00

1382,00

1023,15

1280,00

2336,00

1553,15

230,00

446,00

503,15

760,00

1400,00

1033,15

1290,00

2354,00

1563,15

240,00

464,00

513,15

770,00

1418,00

1043,15

1300,00

2372,00

1573,15

250,00

482,00

523,15

780,00

1436,00

1053,15

1310,00

2390,00

1583,15

260,00

500,00

533,15

790,00

1454,00

1063,15

1320,00

2408,00

1593,15

270,00

518,00

543,15

800,00

1472,00

1073,15

1330,00

2426,00

1603,15

280,00

536,00

553,15

810,00

1490,00

1083,15

1340,00

2444,00

1613,15

290,00

554,00

563,15

820,00

1508,00

1093,15

1350,00

2462,00

1623,15

300,00

572,00

573,15

830,00

1526,00

1103,15

1360,00

2480,00

1633,15

310,00

590,00

583,15

840,00

1544,00

1113,15

1370,00

2498,00

1643,15

320,00

608,00

593,15

850,00

1562,00

1123,15

1380,00

2516,00

1653,15

330,00

626,00

603,15

860,00

1580,00

1133,15

1390,00

2234,00

1663,15

340,00

644,00

613,15

870,00

1598,00

1143,15

1400,00

2552,00

1673,15

350,00

662,00

623,15

880,00

1616,00

1153,15

1500,00

2732,00

1783,15

360,00

680,00

633,15

890,00

1634,00

1163,15

2000,00

3632,00

2273,15

370,00

698,00

643,15

900,00

1652,00

1173,15

2500,00

4532,00

2773,15

273,15

459,67

270,00
200,00

77

List of photos

78

Page

Source

Object/Motif

Cover
03
04
4 5
4 5
5
6
6 7
7
8
8
8 9
9
10
10
10 11
10 11
10
11
11
11
11
11

Alfing
Steinmetz
MAN, B&W
Company photo
Company photo, Siemens
Company photo
Thyssen Umformtechnik
Alfing
Steinmetz
Company photo
Company photo
Steinmetz
Company photo
Bavaria
Imagine
MAN
Shuton
PSA Peugot Citroen
DAF
Doppelmayr
Mannesmann
Company photo
Image

Crankshaft
Crankshaft
Ships engine
Forge
Turbine shaft
Team meeting
Crankshaft
Crankshaft
Chips
Bar steel warehouse
Bar steel warehouse
Rudder spindles
Bar steel warehouse
Landing gear
Oil tanker
Ships engine
Recirculating ball screw
Peugot 607
XF95 truck
Chairlift
High-pressure tubes
Sliding sleeve
Ariane launcher

12
12
12 13
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
14
14
15
15
16
16
16
16 17
17
17
17

Company photo
Atlas Copco
Mannesmann Rhrenwerke
Company photo
Baker Hughes
Company photo
Schwellis/Peddinghaus
Schwellis/Peddinghaus
Company photo
Worthington Heiser
Company photo
Company photo
Company photo
Company photo
Company photo
Company photo
Company photo
Company photo
Carlow
Company photo
Company photo

Wheel loader
Demolition hammer
Continuous tube mill
Sliding sleeve
Oil tool
Drilling rig
BMW suspension
Ripper tips/Excavator tooth
Axle stub
Gas cylinders
Electric arc furnace
Vacuum plant
Continuous casting plant
ESR plant
Control room, 3000 t press
Forging bar steel
Blooming mill
Forging, 3000 t press
Peeling machine
Bar steel warehouse
Forging, 3000 t press

General note (liability)


All statements regarding the properties
or utilisation of the materials or products
mentioned are for the purposes of
description only. Guarantees regarding
the existence of certain properties or a
certain utilisation are only ever valid if
agreed upon in writing.

79

THYROFORT
THYROFORT

THYROFORT
THYROFORT
THYROFORT
THYROFORT

Heat-treatable steels
Sales - Heat-treatable steels
Tel. (+49) 2302/294346 Fax (+49) 2302/294687 0 23 0
E-mail: ressing@ewkgmbh.de

EDELSTAHL WITTEN-KREFELD GMBH


Auestrae 4, 58452 Witten/Germany Tel. (+49) 2302/294307 Fax (+49) 2302/294308
E-mail: dr.sobottka@ewk.thyssen.com Internet: www.edelstahl-witten-krefeld.de

c1/00

Quality Department
Tel. (+49) 2302/294020 Fax (+49) 2302/2944363 02/29 44 36
Tel. (+49) 2151/832046 Fax (+49) 2151/834156