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2006

04
KUUP"3:52/4646

Gzrcpukwpgc"Wtdcp<" p"Gwtqrc
Gwtqrc"guvg"wpwn"fkpvtg"egng"ock"wtdcpk|cvg"eqpvkpgpvg"fg"rg"rncpgv<."ew"crtqzkocvkx"97"'"fkp"
rqrwncYkg"nqewkpf" p"|qpgng"wtdcpg0"Xkkvqtwn"wtdcp"cn"Gwtqrgk"eqpuvkvwkg."ew"vqcvg"ceguvgc."wp"uwdkgev"
fg"rtgqewrctg"fgqugdkv<0"Rguvg"wp"uhgtv"fkp"vgtkvqtkwn"Wpkwpkk"Gwtqrgpg"guvg" p"rtg|gpv"fguvkpcv"
wvknk|<tkk"wtdcpg0
Rp<" p"cpwn"4242."crtqzkocvkx":2"'"fkpvtg"gwtqrgpk"xqt"nqewk" p"|qpgng"wtdcpg0"p"9"Y<tk"rqpfgtgc"
xc"clwpig"nc";2"'"ucw"ejkct"ock"ownv0"Ec"tg|wnvcv"cn"ceguvgk"ukvwcYkk."egtgtgc"fg"vgtgp"kpvtcxkncp"3k"
gzvtcxkncp"fgxkpg"cewv<0"p"hkgectg"|k."xgfgo"ew"qejkk"pq3vtk"uejkod<tk"tcrkfg."xk|kdkng"3k"eqpvtcfkevqtkk"
p"wvknk|ctgc"vgtkvqtkwnwk."uejkod<tk"ectg"oqfkhke<"rgkuclwn"3k"chgevgc|<"eqpfkYkkng"fg"ogfkw"fkp"
kpvgtkqtwn"3k"fkp"lwtwn"qtc3gnqt"ock"rwvgtpke"ec"qtkepf0
Qtc3gng"ug"gzvkpf."oke3qtpf"vkorwn"3k"fkuvcpYgng"fkpvtg"gn0"Cegcuv<"gzrcpukwpg"ug"rtqfweg" p"oqf"
kpgicn" p"Gwtqrc."fgvgtokpcv<"fg"pqwn"uvkn"fg"xkcY<"3k"fg"eqpuwo."hkkpf" p"igpgtcn"fgugopcv<"ew"
vgtogpwn"fg"gzrcpukwpg"wtdcpc0"Fcvgng"fkurqpkdkng"fgoqpuvtgc|<" p"oqf"eqpenwfgpv"e<"fg|xqnvctgc"
qtc3gnqt"fkp"wnvkokk"72"fg"cpk" p" pvtgcic"Gwtqr<"c"hquv" puqYkv<"fg"etguvgtgc"wtdcpk|<tkk0

Gzrcpukwpgc"wtdcp<"ug"rtqfweg"
cvwpek"epf"tcvc"eqpxgtukgk"3k"c"
wvknk|<tkk"vgtkvqtkwnwk" p"ueqrwtk"
wtdcpg"fgr<3g3vg"tcvc"etg3vgtkk"
rqrwncYkgk" pvt/q"cpwokv<"|qp<"3k"
pvt/q"cpwokv<"rgtkqcf<"fg"vkor0"
Gzrcpukwpgc"wtdcp<"guvg"rtkxkv<"
cewo."rg"ftgrv"ewxpv."ec"wpc"
fkpvtg"rtqdngogng"eqowpg"oclqtg"
ew"ectg"ug"eqphtwpv<" p"rtg|gpv"
Gwtqrc"wtdcp<0
Wp"uvwfkw"tgegpv"nc"pkxgn"gwtqrgcp"
ctcv<"q"gzrcpukwpg"tcrkf<"3k"
eqpvkpw<" p"urcYkw"c"qtc3gnqt<"
ew"rguvg"7"'" pvt/wp"fgegpkw"
*Hkiwtc"3+."uwrtchcY<"gejkxcngpv<"
ew"fg"vtgk"qtk"egc"c"Nwzgodwtiwnwk0"
qpgng"ew"egn"ock"octg"korcev"
xk|kdkn"cn"gzrcpukwpkk"wtdcpg"ug"chn<"
p"Y<tkng"ucw"tgikwpkng"ew"fgpukvcvg"
tkfkecv<"c"rqrwncYkgk"3k"cevkxkvcvg"

geqpqoke<"uwuYkpwv<"*Dgnikc."X<tkng"
fg"Lqu."uwfwn"3k"xguvwn"Igtocpkgk."
pqtfwn"Kvcnkgk."tgikwpgc"rctk|kcp<+"
3k1ucw"fg|xqnvctg"geqpqoke<"
tcrkf<"*Ktncpfc."Rqtvwicnkc."guvwn"
Igtocpkgk."tgikwpgc"qtc3wnwk"
Ocftkf+0"Gzrcpukwpgc"wtdcp<"guvg"
fgqugdkv"fg"gxkfgpv<"ceqnq"wpfg"
Y<tkng"ucw"tgikwpkng"cw"dgpghkekcv"
fg"rqnkvkekng"tgikqpcng"3k"hkpcpY<tkng"
Wpkwpkk"Gwtqrgpg0"Pqk"oqfgng"fg"
fg|xqnvctg"ug"ock"rqv"qdugtxc" p"
lwtwn"qtc3gnqt"okek"ucw" p"|qpc"
twtcn<."fg/c"nwpiwn"eqtkfqctgnqt"
fg"vtcpurqtv"3k"fg/c"nwpiwn"
ownvqt"|qpg"equvkgtg" p"igpgtcn" p"
eqpgzkwpg"ew"x<kng"twtknqt0
Fg|xqnvctgc"qtc3gnqt" p"Gwtqrc"
c"hquv"fgvgtokpcv<"fg/c"nwpiwn"
vkorwnwk"fg"etg3vgtgc"rqrwncYkgk"
wtdcpg0"p"|kngng"pqcuvtg."ejkct"3k"

ceqnq"wpfg"pw"gzkuv<"fkp"rctvgc"
rqrwncYkgk"fgev"q"rtgukwpg"
oke<"ucw"pkek"wpc."fkxgt3k"hcevqtk"
eqpfwe"vqvw3k"nc"gzrcpukwpg"
wtdcp<0"Ceg3vkc"rtqxkp"fkp"fqtkpYc"
rtqoqxctkk"fg"pqk"uvknwtk"fg"xkcY<"
p"ogfkkng"uwdwtdcpg."gzvgtkqctg"
egpvtwnwk"qtc3wnwk0
p"urcvgng"ceguvqt"vgpfkpYg"ug"chn<"
wp"eqorngz"fg"hqtYg."rtkpvtg"ectg"
vgpfkpYgng"oketq/"3k"ocetq/uqekq/
geqpqokeg0"Ecnkvcvgc"ukuvgognqt"
fg"vtcpurqtv."rtgYwn"vgtgpwtknqt."
rtghgtkpYgng"kpfkxkfwcng"fg"nqewkv."
vgpfkpYgng"fgoqitchkeg."vtcfkYkkng"
3k"eqpuvtpigtkng"ewnvwtcng."
cvtcevkxkvcvgc"|qpgnqt"wtdcpg"
cevwcng."vqcvg"ceguvgc"cw"wp"
ewxpv"fg"urwu" p"hgnwn" p"ectg"ug"
fg|xqnv<"q"|qp<"wtdcp<0"Q"cnv<"
hqtY<"rtkpekrcn<"guvg"crnkectgc"nc"

uect<"nqecn<"3k"tgikqpcn<"c"rqnkvkeknqt"
fg"fg|xqnvctg"c"vgtkvqtkwnwk0"
Cnkogpvcv<"fg"hqpfwtkng"WG"fg"
eqg|kwpg"3k"fg"egng"uvtwevwtcng."
fguvkpcvg"u<"urtklkpg"fg|xqnvctgc"
kphtcuvtwevwtkk."gzrcpukwpgc"wtdcp<"
u/c"ceegngtcv."ec"q"eqpugekpY<"c"
ngi<vwtknqt"ock"dwpg"fg"vtcpurqtv"
3k"c"wpgk"oqdknkv<Yk"rgtuqpcng"
etguewvg0

Hkiwtc"3"

Qtc3gng."rtkp" pu<3k"pcvwtc"nqt."
tgrtg|kpv<"nqewtk" p"ectg"ug"
eqpegpvtgc|<" p"|qpg"tguvtpug"
q"rqrwncYkg"pwogtqcu<0"Cegcuv<"
ukvwcYkg"rtg|kpv<"cpwokvg"cxcpvclg"
gxkfgpvg"fkp"rwpevwn"fg"xgfgtg"cn"
fg|xqnv<tkk"geqpqokeg"3k"uqekcng0"
p"wpgng"rtkxkpYg."rqcvg"hk"ejkct"
dgpghke<"rgpvtw"ogfkw0"Fg"
gzgornw."wvknk|ctgc"vgtkvqtkwnwk"

3k"eqpuwown"fg"gpgtikg"vkpf"u<"
hkg"ock"ue<|wvg" p"|qpgng"wtdcpg"
fgev" p"|qpgng"ew"rqrwncYkg"
fkurgtucv<0"Vtcvctgc"fg3gwtknqt"
wtdcpg"3k"c"crgnqt"wtdcpg"tg|kfwcng"
ug"dwewt<"fg"geqpqokk"fg"uect<0"
p"eqpugekpY<."cw"fkur<twv" p"
octg"o<uwt<"fkp"qtc3gng"fkp"WG"
rtqdngog"vtcfkYkqpcng"fg"kikgp<"c"
ogfkwnwk."ngicvg"fg"crtqxk|kqpctgc"

Gzrcpukwpgc"wtdcp<"3k"cnvg"fg|xqnv<tk"ctvkhkekcng"cng"vgtkvqtkwnwk."3;;24222

Kpuwngng"Ecpctg

-10

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40

30

50

50

40

40

500

1 000 km

Fg|xqnvctg"wtdcp<"3k"c"kphtcuvtwevwtkk
37"'

10

qpg"wtdcpg"3;;2
@"72"222"nqewkvqtk

732"'
Rguvg"32"'

Sursa: "

Dc|c"fg"fcvg"Eqtkpg"rtkxkpf"ceqrgtktgc"vgtkvqtkwnwk."CGO0

Gzrcpukwpgc"Wtdcp<" p"Gwtqrc

20

Ngigpfc"|qpgnqt"eqnqtcvg" p"xgtfg
282"'
83322"'

2006

04
ew"cr<"rqvcdkn<."fg"ucnwdtkvcvgc"
rwdnke<"kpcfgexcv<"ucw"fg"
eqpfkYkkng"fg"nqewkv"rtgectg0"Ew"
vqcvg"ceguvgc."rqrwncYkc"wtdcp<"
eqpvkpw<"u<"uwhgtg"fkp"ecw|c"
wpqt"rtqdngog"nqecng"itcxg"fg"
ogfkw."rtgewo"gzrwpgtgc"nc"
|iqoqv."grkuqcfg"fg"rqnwctg"
tkfkecv<"c"cgtwnwk."iguvkqpctgc"
fg3gwtknqt."fkurqpkdknkv<Yk"nkokvcvg"
fg"cr<"rtqcur<v<"3k"nkru<"fg"urcYkk"
fguejkug0
VgpfkpYgng"cevwcng."qtkgpvcvg"e<vtg"
pqk"|qpg"wtdcpg"ew"fgpukvcvg"
tgfwuc."eqpfwe"nc"wp"eqpuwo"
etguewv0"UrcYkwn"eqpuwocv"fg"q"
rgtuqcp<" p"qtc3gng"Gwtqrgk"c"
etguewv"nc"ock"ownv"fgev"fwdnw" p"
wnvkokk"72"fg"cpk0"p"wnvkokk"42"fg"
cpk"uwrtchcYc"|qpgnqt"eqpuvtwkvg"
p"ownvg"Y<tk"fkp"xguvwn"3k"guvwn"
Gwtqrgk"c"etguewv"ew"42"'." p"vkor"
eg"rqrwncYkc"c"etguewv"ew"pwock"
8"'0"Vtcpurqtvwn"*oqdknkvcvgc+"
t<opg" p"urgekcn"q"rtqdngo<"

Hkiwtc"4"

gugpYkcn<"rgpvtw"cfokpkuvtctgc"uk"
rncpkhkectgc"wtdcp<0"Kphtcuvtwevwtkng"
fg"vtcpurqtv"cw."uwd"fkhgtkvg"
curgevg."wp"korcev"cuwrtc"
rgkuclwnwk0"Korgtogcdknk|ctgc"
vgtgpwnwk."ectg"cornkhke<"kpwpfcYkkng"
3k"htciogpvctgc"|qpgnqt"pcvwtcng"
uwpv"pwock"fqw<"fkpvtg"ceguvgc0
Oqdknkvcvgc"3k"ceegukdknkvcvgc"uwpv"
hcevqtk"ejgkg" p"eqg|kwpgc"vgtkvqtkcn<"
c"Gwtqrgk0"Ceguvgc"uwpv"3k"
gngogpvg"gugpYkcng" p"cognkqtctgc"
ecnkv<Ykk"xkgYkk"eqowpkv<Yknqt0"
Pwo<twn"fg"mknqogvtk"rctewt3k" p"
|qpgng"wtdcpg"rtkp"kpvgtogfkwn"
vtcpurqtvwnwk"uvtcfcn"ug"rtgxgfg"
u<"etgcue<"ew"62"'" pvtg"3;;7"
3k"42520"Itcfwn"fg"oqvqtk|ctg"cn"
rqrwncYkgk"fkp"Y<tkng"WG/32" pe<"pw"
c"clwpu"nc"pkxgnwn"Y<tknqt"WG/370"
Cegcuvc"uwigtgc|<"e<"guvg"fg"
cuvgrvcv"q"etg3vgtg"xkkvqctg0
Fce<"pw"ug"hceg"pkoke" p"ceguv"
ugpu."ug"rtgxgfg"e<"itcfwn"fg"

eqpiguvkqpctg"c"e<knqt"twvkgtg"
xc"etg3vg"eqpukfgtcdkn"rp<" p"
cpwn"4232."kct"equvwtkng"cvtkdwkvg"
eqpiguvkgk"xqt"etg3vg"rp<"nc"ektec"
3"'"fkp"RKD/wn"Wpkwpkk"Gwtqrgpg0"
Vqvw3k."kphtcuvtwevwtkng"fg"vtcpurqtv"
tgrtg|kpv<"ock"ownv"fgev"pqk"3k"pqk"
mknqogvtk"fg"3qugc"ucw"ecng"hgtcv<0"
Cuvhgn"fg"kphtcuvtwevwtk"vtgdwkg"u<"
hce<"rctvg"fkpvt/q"cdqtfctg"inqdcn<"
ectg"u<"Ykp<"eqpv"fg"korcevwn"
fktgev"cn"kpxguvkYkgk"qtkgpvcvg"ecvtg"
uwuYkpgtgc"geqpqokknqt"nqecng"3k"
wtdcpg0"Vtgdwkg"u<"hce<"rctvg"
fkpvt/q"fg|xqnvctg"gejknkdtcv<"3k"
rqnkegpvtke<."rtkp"ectg"ectg"u<"
ug"okpkok|g|g"fcwpgng"cfwug"
ogfkwnwk0"
Fct"uvtcvgikkng"3k"kpuvtwogpvgng"
fg"eqpvtqn"cng"gzrcpukwpkk"wtdcpg"
fgrkpf"kp"octg"ocuwtc"fg"
tgcnkvcvgc"rtg|gpvc"ectcevgtk|cvc"
rtkp"pkxgngng"ownvkrng"3k"kpvgtcevkxg"
fg"cfokpkuvtcYkg"rwdnke<."fg"nc"egng"
nqecng"nc"egng"nc"pkxgn"gwtqrgcp0"

Rtkpekrcngng"hc|g"cng"ekenwnwk"wpgk"rqnkvkek."dc|cvg"rg"fcvg."kphqtocYkk"3k"ewpq3vkpYg

Kfgpvkhkectgc"rtqdngognqt"
*3+

Ghkecekvcvgc"o<uwtknqt"
rqnkvkekk"*3k"gxcnwctgc"
ex-post"c"korcevwnwk+"
*8+

pecftctgc"rtqdngognqt""
*4+

Fcvg
KphqtocYkk
Ewpq3vkpYg
Kfgpvkhkectgc"o<uwtknqt"
rqnkvkekk"*3k"gxcnwctgc"
ex-ante"c"korcevwnwk+"
*5+

Rwpgtgc" p"crnkectg"
c"o<uwtknqt"rqnkvkekk"
"*7+

Fg|xqnvctgc1cfqrvctgc"
o<uwtknqt"rqnkvkekk""
*6+

Sursa:"" CGO0

Gzrcpukwpgc"Wtdcp<" p"Gwtqrc

2006

04

" cukiwtctgc"eqgtgpYgk"rqnkvkekk"
p"vqcvg"hc|gng"ekenwnwk"rqnkvkekk"
*xg|k"Hkiwtc"4+=
" gzvkpfgtgc"eqncdqt<tkk" pvtg"
cigpYkk"nc"vqcvg"pkxgnwtkng"fg"
tgurqpucdknkvcvg="

European Environment Agency


Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Tel.: +45 33 36 71 00
Fax: +45 33 36 71 99
Web: eea.europa.eu
Enquiries: eea.europa.eu/enquiries

" wvknk|ctgc"ghkekgpv<"c"hqpfwtknqt"
uvtwevwtcng"3k"fg"eqg|kwpg"
nc"pkxgnwn"WG." p"eqpgzkwpg"
ew"tgingogpv<tkng"fg"ogfkw."
rgpvtw"c"ug"gxkvc"3k"cvgpwc"
gzrcpukwpgc"wtdcp<=
" cvgpwctgc"itg3gnknqt"rkgYgk."ectg"
fgvgtokp<"gzrcpukwpgc"wtdcp<"
ec"tgceYkg"nc"ugopcng"rtkxkpf"
rtgYwn"vgtgpwtknqt" p"|qpgng"
kpvtcxkncpg"3k"gzvtcxkncpg=
" eqngevctgc"3k"fkugokpctgc"
dwpgnqt"rtcevkek" p"eg"rtkxg3vg"
fg|xqnvctgc"wpqt"qtc3g"
eqorcevg=
" cukiwtctgc"urcYkknqt"xgt|k" p"
qtc3g0

TghgtkpYg
CGO"*4228+."Urban sprawl in
Europe the ignored challenge."
Tcrqtvwn"pt0"3214228"cn"CGO."
CigpYkc"Gwtqrgcp<"fg"Ogfkw."
Eqrgpjcic0

VJ/CO/28/226/TQ/P

Ceguv"curgev"guvg" pfgqugdk"
xcncdkn" p"eggc"eg"rtkxg3vg"
hnwzwtkng"hkpcpekctg"eqpukfgtcdkng"
ectg"crtqxk|kqpgc|c"dwigvgng"fg"
cogpclctg"vgtkvqtkcnc0"p"rtg|gpv."
rqnkvkekng"fg"cogpclctg"vgtkvqtkcnc"
tghngev<"fgugqtk"nqikec"rkgYgk0"
Gng"xqt"tghngevc"ock"ewtpf"q"
xk|kwpg"c"fg|xqnv<tkk"wtdcpg" p"
ectg"eqpukfgtgpvgng"geqnqikeg"3k"
uqekcng"uwpv"rg"fgrnkp" pecftcvg" p"
rqnkvkekng"fg"rncpkhkectg"c"vgtkvqtkwnwk"
p"vqcvg"hc|gng"ekenwnwk"rqnkvkekk."
fg"nc"kfgpvkhkectgc"rtqdngognqt"
3k"eqpvwtctgc"rqnkvkekk."rp<"nc"
rwpgtgc" p"crnkectg"3k"gvcrgng"fg"
gxcnwctg"gz/rquv0"Ceguv"rtqegu"ct"
rwvgc"rtg|gpvc"wpgng"dgpghkekk."
rtkpvtg"ectg<