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TINTVERSITI TLi-l.l HIISSEII'{ ONI}{ N4ALAYSIA


Faculty o f Mechan ical and.Manufacturirg Engine er hg
COI]RSE INFCRI\{ATION

COTIRSE TITLE: ENGINEERING LABORATORY

CBDA 77101)

TOPIC 5: LINIYERSAL COUPLING

NTRODLCTIO\
A flexible coupling or rmiversal joint is frequently used to link with two shafu and
fuansrait circular motion from the other- Indeed continuous circular motion is
perhaps the single largest fhing that ma::kind produces in the world with the
available energ"y. A universal joint is simply and combination of machine
elemen'rs whichtansmitrotation from one axis to another.

')

OB.rECTN'ES

The objective of this experiment is to investigate the effect of introducing


universal couplings to a simple drive shaft and to check the uniformity of angular
movement between the driving and the diven end. oi the shaft Ln a straight line
assen'rbly and then again u,ith an angular tran-sirlission. A fi.ir-rhei objective is to
repeat these tests with the coupliags set r.rp ai jrcorrect positioa a-.sembly to see
hou"this Lrterferes with unifcrm ansraiar tr^nsnission.

3.

LEARNI]{G OTMCOMES

At the end of this experiment, students should be able to understand the operating
principles and application of the universal coupliag.

4.

E}GERTMENTA-L THEORY

Shafts are used to transmit rotary motion and in most cases these shafts rotate in
bearings set in a sfoaight line. However, there are cases where the shaft cannot be
stoaight and it has to be operated through an angie X, refer Figure 1. A good
example in common use is the shaft which transmit powff ftom a motor car
engme through its gearbox to the back axie to drive the rear wheels. Here the shaft
is generally at an angle and the operation is firther complicated by the fact that
the angle varies when the motor car fl"rls over brimps in the road.
Such condition can be satisfied by the use of universal couplings as shown at A
and C in Figure L. For uaiform power transmission the design and assembly of
the two couplings must be carefully considered.

BDA27 I 0 I -Edition IIy2 0 I I

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LINTV.ER.SITI Tt]}i HUSSEN ON\ }LALAYSL{


Facuity of N4echanical and \4anufacturing Engu.,e eriiq

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Figure 1: Universal Coupli:rg Diagram

EXFERtrMENTAI,

5.

E Q LTP

h{E,NT

Table 1 : Universal Coupling Equipment List


No.
1

2
I
-)

6.

Apparafus

Qty.

Universal Joint Assembly


Knurled Screws
Knurled Nuts

2
')

EPERT}TE}ITA]- PROCEDTJRES

6.L

TEST

1. Joint assembly to the panel board in a convenient position.


2. Set right coupling so that the shraft is in a sto'aight line. Refer to A-B
position in Figure 1.
3 . Set the left and right coupling position with tighten the screws D 1, D2, D3
and D4. lPlease refer to Figure 2 for the eorrect couplings and screws
positionl.
4. Now set the right and 16ft coupliag scales as 0 degrees.
5. Move the Ieft hand scale at 20" increments and note the reading on the
right hand scale.
6. Repeat this at 20' increments until i80' is reached a:rd recorded.

BDA27

01-Edftion III/201

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LhTIVERSITI TIII{ HUSSEil\I Oi\N \'fALAYSiA


Faculry of Mechanical and lWanufacturing Engineering

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Figure 2: Coupling position for Test 1 and Test 3 (top view)

6.2

TEST 2

Set right coupling so that the shaft is in a straight iine. Refer to A-B
position in Figure 1.
) Set the ieft and right coupiing position r"'ith iighten the scrervs D1, D2, D3
andD4.lPlease refer to Figure 3 ior the correct couplings and scres's
positionl
3. Repeat prcce:u3 r- r :l-i: ,61 h ;est 1.
1.

ri
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Figure 3 : Coupling position for Test 2 ar.d Test 4 (iop vieu')


6.3

TEST

Remove the right coupling assembly and move it to Position C as shown


in Figure 1.
2. Set the left and right coupling position with tighten the screw-s D1, D2, D3
and D4. fPlease refer to Figure 2 for the correct couplings and screws
1.

positionl.
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J.

6.4
1.

2.

J.

Repeat procedure (4) until (6) in test 1.

TEST 4
Sti1l in Position A-C as shown in Figure 1.
Set the left and right coupling position with tighten the screws

Di, D2, D3

and D4. [Please refer to Figure 3 for the correct couplings and screws
positionl.
Repeat procedure (a) until (6) in test 1.

BDA27 I 0 I -Edition IIy20 I I

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fINIT\ER.SITi TtiN I{USSEN ONN I\ALAYSLA


t"YJ''. Facuity of Mechan-ical and Manufacfuring Engineering

7.

OBSERVATIONS

i-

Complete the Tabie 2.


Piot the graph Rieht Hand Dial againstleft Haad Dial Resuit for Test 1,
Test 2, Test3 and Test 4.

2-

8.

DISCUSSIONS

1. Discuss the graphs

obtained.
Discuss about shaft and coupling in the straight line assembly3- Discuss about shaft and coupling in a:rgular assembly.

2.

g.

QUESTTONS

1- Give two (2) exampie of Universal


Z-

Couplings application in mechanical

engineering.
How Unrversal Coupling rvorks in both example in question

/tu\ -

10.

1,

CONCLUSION

Deduce conclusions from the experiment. Please comment on your experimental


work in terms of achievement, problems faced throughout the experiment and
suggest recom m endation for improvements.

LL.

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DATA SHT"ETS
TABLE 2: RESULTS

TEST 1
Coupline
Left
Rieht

TEST 2
Coupling
Left
Rieht

TEST 3
Couplins
Left
Rieht

TEST 4
Coupline
Left
Rieht

20
40
60

20
40

20

60

60

20
40
60

80

80

80

80

100

100

100

100

720

120

720

DA

140

140

140

140

160

160

160

160

180

180

180

180

* Data

40

sheef must approved by the

BDA27I0l-Edtiott IIY20l

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instructor