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RUNNING HEAD: DISINFECTING

Assignment 3
SW 4810
Shelby Schroeder
12/02/2015

DISINFECTING

Chi-Square
Question: Is there a relationship between gender and the use of disinfecting
wipes?
A. Both variables used in this chi-square analysis are measured at the
nominal level.
B. Descriptive statistics for the chi-square analysis can be seen in Table 1.
Table 1: Descriptive Chi-Square
N (%)
Gender of the Person
Male
Female

9 (17%)
44 (83%)

If the Person Uses Disinfecting Wipes


Yes

27 (50.9%)

No

23 (43.4%)

A. The total sample for the chi-square analysis is N=50. Of this sample,
almost all were female (83%) while the males were second (17%). Also,
half of the sample said they did use disinfecting wipes (50.9%). The
other half said they did not use the wipes (43.4%).
B. The sample could be representative of English speaking adults 18 and
over living in households in the United States who shop at stores that
offer disinfecting wipes.
C. This sample is not generalized to anyone who does not use Facebook
as this was the method we used to administer the survey.
This sample is not generalizable households outside the U.S because
only those in the U.S. were surveyed.
This sample could be generalized for anyone else living in the
household of who was surveyed as they could follow the same
disinfecting steps.
Bivariate Analysis:

DISINFECTING

A. The research question for this test is: Is there a relationship between
gender and the use of disinfecting wipes?
The null hypothesis is: There is no relationship between gender and
wipe use.
The alternative hypothesis is: There is a relationship between gender
and wipe use.
B. In order to answer the research question, a crosstabs was run to
determine the chi-square statistic.

C. A chi-square was performed to assess the relationship between what


gender the person is and if they use disinfecting wipes at a store.
There was a relationship between two variables x (1, N=50)= 5.38,
p<.02. Therefore, we will reject the null hypothesis because there is a
significant relationship between a persons gender and if they use
disinfecting wipes.
Implications: These findings are relevant because there is a relationship
between gender and use of wipes. It states that males are more likely to use
disinfecting wipes than females. One problem with this survey was the small
amount of the sample being male while the majority was female. Although, it
does show that a majority of people do indeed use the disinfecting wipes.

DISINFECTING

Pearson-r Correlation
Question: Is there a correlation between people who have children and
people who get sick more often?
A. Both variables used in this correlation analysis are measured at the
interval and ratio level.
B. Descriptive statistics for the correlation analysis can be seen in Table 2.
Table 2: Correlation
N

Mean

SD

Number of
Children

50

0.90

1.52

Number of
Times Person
Gets sick

49

2.46

2.00

A. The mean of number of children respondents have was 0.90, which


indicates the average number of children respondents have is
around 1. The mean of number of times a respondent gets sick a
year was 2.46, which indicates that the average number times a
person gets sick is approximately 2-3 times per year.
B. The sample could be representative of English speaking adults 18
and over living in households in the United States.
C. This sample is not generalized to anyone who does not use
Facebook as this was the method we used to administer the survey.
This sample is not generalizable households outside the U.S
because only those in the U.S. were surveyed.
This sample could be generalized for anyone else living in the
household of who was surveyed as they most likely would be sick
the same amount of times in a year.

Bivariate Analysis
A. The research question for this analysis is: Is there a correlation
between people who have children and people who get sick more
often?

DISINFECTING

The null hypothesis is: There is no correlation between amount of


children someone has and how often someone is sick.
The alternative hypothesis is: There is a correlation between someone
having kids and how often they are sick.
B. In order to answer the research question, a descriptive was run to
determine the correlation statistic.

C. There was a correlation between the two variables, r=-.171, n=49,


p=.241.Therefore, because there was not a significant relationship, we
will accept the null hypothesis. Overall, there is a moderate negative
correlation between the number of children someone has and the
amount of times they are sick every year. Therefore I can conclude that
there is no correlation between the two.
Implications:
These findings are irrelevant because there is a relationship between
amount of children someone has and the amount of times they are sick
every year. The findings suggest that those who had children did not get sick
more often than those without them. I can conclude that, because there was
a moderate negative correlation which means as the amount of children
increases the amount of times someone gets sick decreases.

D.

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T-Test
A. For the independent variable of this t-test analysis a dichotomous level
of measurement was used. For the dependent variable of this t-test
analysis a nominal level of measurement was used.
B. Descriptive statistics for the t-test analysis can be seen in Table 3 and
Table 4.
Table 3: Frequencies T-Test
N (%)
Wipes
Yes

27 (50.9%)

No

23(43.4%)

Table 4: Descriptive T-Test:


N
Number of Children

Mean
50

0.90

SD
1.52

A. According to table 3 half of the sample said they did use disinfecting
wipes (50.9%). The other half said they did not use the wipes (43.4%).
The mean of number of children respondents have was 0.90, which
indicates the average number of children respondents have is around
1.
B. The sample could be representative of English speaking adults 18 and
over living in households in the United States.
C. This sample is not generalized to anyone who does not use Facebook
as this was the method we used to administer the survey.
This sample is not generalizable households outside the U.S because
only those in the U.S. were surveyed.

Bivariate Analysis
A. The research question for this test is: Is there a relationship between if
people have children and if they use disinfecting wipes?

DISINFECTING

The null hypothesis for this test is: There is no relationship between
use of wipes and if people have children.
The alternative hypothesis for this test is: There is ia relationship
between the use of wipes and if people have children.
B. In order to answer the research question, a descriptive and frequencies
were run to determine the t-test statistic.
C. An independent-samples t-test was conducted to compare Amount of
Children (DV) between does use wipes (IV group 1) and does not use
wipes (group 2). There was a significant difference in the scores for
does use wipes IV group 1 (M=0.89, SD=1.53) and does not use wipes
IV group 2 (M=0.91, SD=1.56); t(48)= -.05, p=0.96. Therefore,
because there was not a significant difference between uses wipes and
does not use wipes we will accept the null hypothesis. These results
suggest that the amount of kids you have does not affect whether or
not you use disinfecting wipes at stores.

Implications:
These findings are irrelevant because there is no relationship between
the amount of children someone has and if they use disinfecting wipes at
stores.