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ACNE:

A
Cause of
Nightmare to
Everyone
In partial fulfillment of the requirements in Research IV
Acne is a common problem among teenagers. Because of puberty and hormonal changes that is
happening, acne occurs. Teens will find ways to counteract this problem since
teenage years is the time when an adolescent builds up his self-esteem and acne is
a major hindrance to this. The aim of this research paper is to clear out the misconceptions
about the causes of acne a n d i n f o r m t h e r e a d e r s a b o u t i t .
I n t h i s r e s e a r c h p a p e r a l s o a r e t h e r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s f o r preventing and treating
acne.

Acne is a common problem among teenagers. Because of puberty and hormonal changesthat is
happening, acne occurs. Teens will find ways to counteract this problem since
teenageyears is the time when an adolescent builds up his self-esteem and acne is
a major hindrance tothis.The aim of this research paper is to clear out the misconceptions
about the causes of acnea n d i n f o r m t h e r e a d e r s a b o u t i t .
I n t h i s r e s e a r c h p a p e r a l s o a r e t h e r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s f o r preventing and treating
acne.MethodologyT h e d e s c r i p t i v e m e t h o d o f r e s e a r c h w a s u s e d i n t h i s s t u d y.
D e s c r i p t i v e m e t h o d o f research is a fact-finding study with sufficient and
accurate interpretation of the findings. Itdescribes what is. It describes with
emphasis what actually exist such as current conditions, practices, situations, or any
phenomena. Since the study or investigation was only concernedabout acne,
the whole research is only focusing attention on it. The descriptive method was
themost appropriate or fitted to
use.T h e m e t h o d o f c o l l e c t i n g d a t a u s e d w a s t h r o u g h s o r t i n g d o c u m e n t s a n d
referencesthrough the help of the relevant reference works like
encyclopedias, dictionaries and some journals regarding acne and by using
i n t e r n e t t h a t p r o v i d e s n e w u p d a t e d i n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t certain topic. The
researchers did the mechanics of gathering source materials, taking notes, anddocumenting
sources with a deeper analysis and interpretation.The other instrument used to collect data
was the questionnaire. The questionnaire wasgiven to the students to fill up for
validation. It was given to them because they are the only
available respondents and fitted to the study (because almost of the students
suffered and aresuffering from acne). The needed data were completed and had been

validated.T h e c o p i e s o f t h e q u e s t i o n n a i r e w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d p e r s o n a l l y b y t h e
r e s e a r c h e r t o t h e respondents. Just after a few minutes, all the copies distributed were
retrieved also personally bythe researcher.
RESULTS
Facts and Myths about the Causes of
AcneF
a
c
t
s
M
y
t
h
s
1
.
S
t
r
e
s
s
1
.
H
e
r
e
d
i
t
y
w
i
t
h
t
h
e
e
x
c
e
p
t
i
o
n
o
f
v
e
r
y
severe
acne.2 . H o r m o n e s ( e s p e c i a l l y d u r i n g menstruation)2. Food
like pizza, chocolates, junk foods,greasy and fried foods.3 . O i l - b a s e d m a k e u p ,
s u n t a n o i l a n d hair products.4 . C o s m e t i c s t h a t a r e w a t e r b a s e d a n d
o i l free skin care products.5 . H a r d S c r u b b i n g o f t h e
S k i n 6 . P r e s s u r e f r o m h e l m e t s , c h i n s t r a p s , collars and suspenders.7 . D r u g s
b e c a u s e s o m e m e d i c a t i o n c a n worsen
acne.8 . O c c u p a t i o n s t h a t i s e x p o s e d t o industrial products like
cutting oils.9 . S q u e e z i n g o r p i c k i n g a t b l e m i s h e s . 10.Environmental Irritants.
Table 1.1 Facts and myths about the causes of acne
The researchers conducted a survey on what age does acne occur on
t e e n a g e r s . T h e researchers have given this survey to 34 students in 4
th
year high school. And the results can beseen on table 1.2.

A
g
e
N
u
m
b
e
r
o
f
S
t
u
d
e
n
t
s
911021111241341
4
1
4
157161
Table 1.2 Survey results on what age does acne occur
Like what can be seen above, at the age of 14, occurrence of acne is more
p r o n e a n d common. Almost 41% of the students had experienced the occurrence of acne at this
age. In theresearchers conducted survey, there are 14 students who had their acne at
the age of 14. Thatonly proves that puberty stage is the stage of teens that acne aggravates.
DISCUSSION
Acne commonly starts in the early teen years, especially during the onset of puberty. Ast h e
body begins to produce hormones, the oil gland becomes over active.
T h e e x c e s s o i l secreted by the oil glands combines with the normal shedding of dead skin
cells that cause poresto become clogged. Once the oil and bacteria were wrapped within that
pore, skin irritation andwhiteheads occur. Whiteheads are also called closed comedones. When
the whitehead is pluggednear the surface of the skin and the air touches it, it turns black and it is
called blackhead or opencomedone. If the wall of the blackhead breaks, the area swells
and turns into a red bump. This bump is referred to as a pimple. And if the wall breaks deep
into the skin, acne occurs.For many people, acne is considered as a symptom of stress. Although

this topic has long been debated, researchers have made no firm conclusions about it. But during
their studies, mostof the students conclude that acne occurs or worsens in situations of extreme
stress. As what isusually said, there are things that often cause acne or even worsen it.
Parents often tell teens to avoid chocolates and greasy foods because it can cause
acne. Even though these foods may not be good for our health, they dont cause acne or make it
worse. Sweat does not cause acne. This just proves that it is not necessary to shower
instantly after exercise. Sweat does not cause acne but we must stay clean. Another
one is heredity. Just like your facial features, acne seems to be hereditary too. So if
your mom and dad have acne, it is most likely that you will have it too. Acne is also
caused by the excess production of sebum which is caused by the male hormone
testosterone which is present in both male and
female.C o s m e t i c s a n d s k i n c a r e p r o d u c t s s o m e t i m e s a g g r a v a t e s a c n e e s p e c i
a l l y t h o s e t h a t a r e o i l based. One disadvantage of these cosmetics is that its
comedogenic (pore-clogging) which c l o g s t h e p o r e w h i c h t r a p s t h e o i l ,
e x c e s s s e b u m , a n d b a c t e r i a i n s i d e t h e p o r e s . T h e m o s t common contributing
factor of having acne is an individuals occupation. When someone is working and is
exposed in industrial products like oil, this may speed up the occurrence of
acne.U s u a l l y , w h e n s o m e o n e i s e x p o s e d t o p o l l u t i o n a n d h i g h h u m i d i
t y , h e i s p r o n e t o a c n e . Exhausting jobs can also cause acne because of the
stress someone may have suffered from it. Hard scrubbing of the skin is also one of the
factors while squeezing or picking the blemishes is one of the major factors that worsen the acne.
What the doctors recommended is that intensive treatment is needed because acne can b e
w o r s e f o r t h e y a r e t h a t s e n s i t i v e w h e n n o t t r e a t e d p r o p e r l y. Ap p l i c a t i o n o f
c r e a m s t h a t contains Benzoyl Peroxide and Salicylic acid is one of the best things
to do. Just keep in mind that the first thing to do to prevent acne is to kill bacteria and reduce
the oil.

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS


For years, oral tetracycline and erythromycin have been the standard for treating
acne. N o w, t h e r e s a n o t h e r o p t i o n : A p r e s c r i p t i o n t o p i c a l g e l c a l l e d
ACZONE: Gel, which has antibiotic and antiinflammatory effects. It was approved in 2005 by US food and Drug
Administration but came with all sorts of restriction for use, including blood monitoring, because
of potential side effects. This year, after reviewing the results of trials with 3,000 plus patients,
the DFA lifted the restrictions. The manufacturer, Allergan, hopes to have the gel on the market
soon. About ninety percent of all teenagers develop acne at or about the time
of puberty when hormonal levels change. This is the first and the key step in
formation of Acne in teenagers which is not addressed by other treatments in the market.
They influence not just appearance, but very frequently mood and self-appraisal. There

have been created lots of methods to treat acne disease, but it's difficult to say that there is
one universal method suitable for everyone. People also say that acne is a consequence of
dirty skin and poor skin care. It's true to a certain extent because washing face and
keeping it clean provides open and clean pores. But nevertheless, it's not the only cause
of pimples. It's a widespread idea that blackheads represent dirt clogged in the pores. A
person should realize that blackheads are actually caused by dead s k i n c e l l s , s o i f
someone applies a lot of cleanser to his face he can make his problem
e v e n worse. Everyone should wash our face with gentle cleanser twice a day. Keep in
mind that a person should also get a clean face before applying some medical creams
or gels on it. Lots of people suppose that acne and pimples are peculiar just to juveniles. Though
adolescents suffer from pimples and acne more frequently, acne can affect people of all ages.
And another important mistaken conception is that acne cannot be treated. It's
absolutely untrue, there are numerous treatment methods that assist in getting rid of acne and
prevent their recurring appearance.