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# Matriceaplicaii:nmulireamatricelor,ridicarealaputere.

Fidelucru,clasaaXIa,5h/spt,ancolar:2007/2008.

Stildenvarevizual

1 2

1 -1 2 0 1
0 -1
a)calculaiA.Bb)verificai,c: t ( AB)=tB. t A.
1)Fiematricele:A=
,B=

1 1
3 0 1 2 - 4

- 1 0

1 -1
2 1
,B=
if(X)=X2 2X+I2 .Calculai:a)f(A)+f(B)b)f(A2 B2)f(AB).f(A+B).
2)FieA=
2 1
-1 3
2 -1 2 1
2 -1 0 1 1 -1 1 1

3)DeterminaiX M3,4(Z),pentrucare: 3 2
1 4 2X+3 - 1 2 1 - 2 =4 2 1 - 1 1 .
- 1 2 - 2 1
3 - 2 4 - 3 1 - 1 2 - 1

1 1
1 x
,B=
a)calculai:AB,BAb)determinaix,y,astfelnct:AB=BA.
4)FieA=
2 2
y 1
1 1 1 1

5)AflaimatriceaX M3 (R),careverificegalitatea: 1 1 0 + 0
1 0 0 0

7 -3
3
iA+B=
6)Calculai:A,B M2 (Q),dac:3A+2B=
4 9
1

1 1

1 1 .X=
0 1

3 2 2

2 3 0 .
1 1 1

-1
.
4
-1 3
0 -2
1 -1
,B=
,C=
.
7)Verificai,egalitile:A(B+C)=AB+AC,(AB)C=A(BC),unde:A=
2 - 4
1 3
0 2
Stildenvareauditiv

2 x 1 -1 x 4 11

=
.
3
-y
2
y
3
-
35
6

1 -1 1
1 0 1

2)FieA= - 1 1
1 ,B= 0 1 0 calculai:AB,BA,ABBA,Tr(ABBA)ideducei,c:ABBA I3.
1 1 - 1
1 0 1

1 0
0 2
0 3
X +
Y =

1 3
4 5
2 3

3)DeterminaimatriceleX,Y M2 (R),astfelnct:
.
1 1

X + Y =

1 1
1)Determinaix,y R,astfelnct:

-3 4 0

1 12
,X M2 (R)b)X 1 1 - 2 =
4)Rezolvaiecuaiamatriceal:a)X =
-4 1
- 2 - 1 3

-5 4 2

.
1 7 - 7

0 1
-3 2
,B=
.
1 2
2 1

5)DeterminaimatriceleX M2 (R),carecomutcumatricele:A=

a b
,verificecuaia:CayleyHamilton:
c d

6)Ssearate,coricematriceA M2 (C),A=
2

4 - 3

2X -5Y =
5
6

.
7)Determinaimatricele:X,Y M2 (R),careverificrelaiile:
3
5

3X + 2Y =
7 1

1 0 1
n

1 3
1 0
k
n
*
b)A=
c)A= 0 1 0 .
8)Calculai:A , "n N iSn = A ,pentru:a)A=
k=1
0 1
1 1
0 0 1

Stildenvarepractic

.
1)DeterminaiA M2 (C),astfelnct:A+ A=
-
6
4

1
- 3

3
determinaiAn , "n N* ,utilizndfunciiletrigonometricesinusicosinus.
1
5 4
.Determinaia,b R,pentrucare:A2 =aA+bI2 iapoiartaic:
3)Fiemtricea:A =
-4 - 3
n
A =nA+(1n)I2, "n N* .

1 n
0 1

## a)An =Am n=mb) " An ,Am M,atunci:An .Am Mc) nmulireapeM,estecomutativ

2)FieA=

d)exist:Ae M,astfelnct:An .Ae =An , " An Me) " An M, \$ An M,astfelnct:An .An =Ae
f)funciaf:Z M,f(n)=An estebijectiv,inplus:f(n+m)=f(n).f(m), " n,m Z.

1 1 0

## 5)Seconsidermatricea:A= 0 1 1 determinai:An , "n N*,aplicndmetodairurilorrecurente.

0 0 1

2 1
secere:a)calculaiA2 b)ssearate,c:An =A, "n N*
6)FieA=
-
2
1

n(n+1)
c)demonstrai,c:A+2A2 +3A3 ++nAn =
A, "n N*.
2

Profesor:MtrescuMaria