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Calculul indicilor de sudabilitate i alegerea metodelor de apreciere a

sudabilitii.
Sudabilitatea este o noiune complex prin care se apreciaz capacitatea
unui metal sau aliaj de a forma mbinri sudate de bun calitate, n condiii
economice de realizare.
n cadrul acestui subcapitol, n funcie de tipul materialului de baz, vor
fi tratate punctual elemente precum:
- stabilirea valorii carbonului echivalent;
Formule de determinare a unor valori ale carbonului echivalent sunt
prezentate mai jos.
Metode de
CE C Si
Mn
Cu
Ni
Cr
Mo
V Nb B
determinare
IIW
CE
1
1/6 1/15 1/15 1/15 1/5
1/5
Ito-Bessyo
Pcm 1 1/30 1/20 1/20 1/60 1/20 1/15 1/15 5
NSC-Y
CeqI 1 1/24 1/6 1/15 1/40 1/6

1/5 1/5 10
NSC-Y
CeqII 1 1/30 1/5
1/5 1/20
1/6
- 10
BECKERT
CeqB 1 1/11 1/5.9 1/3.9 1/17 1/32 1/3.4
DUEREN
CEB 1 1/11 1/8
1/9 1/17 1/5
1/6
1/3
TERASAKI
Pv
1
1/3
1/5 1/8 1/12 0.5
TERA (JOM- Pv
1
1/3

1/8 1/10 1/3


5
2)
TERA (JOM- Pvo
1 0.5
1/7
0.5
1
1
7
2)
JIS
Ceq
1 1/24 1/6
1/40 1/5

Cen
C + f(C) {Si/24 + Mn/6 Cu/15 + Ni/20 + (Cr + Mo + Nb +
V)/5}, unde f(C) = 0,75 + 0,25tanh{20(C 0,12)}
- Aprecierea susceptibilitii la fisurarea la cald prin calculul indicelui HCS [10,
11];
Si Ni

)103
25 100
3Mn Cr Mo V

C (S P

HCS =

(2.1)

- Aprecierea susceptibilitii la fisurarea la rece prin calculul indicatorului Pcm


[11];
Pcm C

Si Mn Cu Ni Cr Mo V

5B
30 20 20 60 20 15 10

- relaii de calculul temperaturilor de transformare:


Temperatura de topire:
Tm=1536-90C

(2.2)

(2.3)

Tm=1536-78C-7,6Si-4,9Mn-38S

(2.4)

Temperatura AC3:
AC3 = 902 - 255C+19Si-11Mn-5Cr+13Mo-20Ni+50V
Ac3=937,2-436,5C+56Si-19,7Mn-16,3Cu-26,6Ni4,9Cr+38,1Mo+124,8V+136,3Ti-19,1Nb+198,4Al+3315B

(2.5)

AC3=910-203 C -15,2Ni+44,7Si+104V+31,5Mo+13,lW-30Mn20Cu +700P+400Al+820As+400Ti


(2.6)
AC3 =910-416C- 228C2-40Cr-50Mn-40Ni+800P+60V+ 130Mo +
50S (2.7)
Temperatura AC1:
Ac1 = 739 -22C+2Si-7Mn+14Cr+13Mo-13Ni+20V
Ac1=750,826,6C+17,6Si11,6Mn22,9Cu23Ni+24,1Cr+22,5Mo(2.8)
39,7V-5,7Ti+232,4Nb-169,4Al-894,7B
Ac1= 723-10,7Mn-16,9Ni+29,lSi+16,9Cr+290As+6,38W

(2.9)

Ac1= 723-30Ni-25Mn-5Co+25Si+30Al+25Mo+50V

(2.10)

Temperatura de nceput de transformare perlitic:


Ps = 650-11Mn+17 Cr+17 Mo-1
Temperatura de nceput i sfrit de transformare bainitic:
Bs= 830-270C-90Mn-37Ni-70Cr-83Mo

(2.11)

Bs = 656-58C-35 Mn-37 Si-15 Ni-34 Cr-41Mo

(2.13)

(2.12)

BF = Bs-120
(2.14)
Temperatura de nceput i sfrit de transformare martensitic:
Ms = 512-453C-16,9Ni+15Cr-9.5Mo+217C2-71,5MnC-67,6CCr
(2.15)
Ms = 561-474C-33Mn-17 Cr-17M-21Mo
Ms=521-353C-22Si-24,3Mn-7,7Cu-17,3Ni-17,7Cr-25,8Mo

(2.16)

Ms = 550-350C-40 Mn-35V-20Cr-17Ni-10Cu-10Mo-8W+5Co+30Al
(2.17)
Mt = Ms-193-50C-5Cr-13Mo

(2.18)

unde concentraiile elementelor respective sunt considerate n procente iar


temperaturile rezultate n 0C.