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COLEGIUL NAIONAL DE MEDICINA SI FARMACIE RAISA

PACALO
Catedra: Discipline fundamentale
Disciplina: Anatomia i fiziologia omului

Agenda de lucrri practice


Subiectul:

Morfologia i fiziologia
analizatorului optic

Autor:oul Cristina
Profesoar la disciplina

Anatomia i fiziologia omului

Chiinu 2016

Subiectul: Morfologia i fiziologia analizatorului optic


Data: _______________

Competene i abiliti specifice:


1 Definirea noiunilor tematice
2 Demonstrarea elementelor anatomice ale globului ocular pe
preparate anatomice
3 Descrierea succinta a prilor componente a analizatorului
vizual
4 Descrierea sistemului lacrimal i muchii globului ocular
5 Descrierea si demonstrarea functiilor organului visual
6 Utilizarea adecvat a termenilor nomenclaturii anatomice
7 Aplicarea cunotinelor i abilitilor dobndite n studiul
continuu al disciplinelor clinice.
8 Manifestarea abilitilor de lucru n echip

Materiale necesare:
Preparate anatomice, planee, tabele, mulaje, atlase, desene,
fotografii, scheletul omului, teste, probleme de situaii, materiale
video, sarcini didactice.

Activiti practice
Sarcina :Elabori schema a prilor componente a globului ocular.

Sarcina: Definii analizatorul, vizual,indicai rolul lui functional i enumerai


componentele lui:
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Sarcina: Descriei forma,dimensiunile i topografia globului ocular,adnotai fig.1:

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Sarcina: Enumerai tunicile globului ocular,indicaile in imaginea din fig.2:

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Sarcina: Descriei poriunile tunicii fibroase a globului ocular,indicai-le pe


imaginile din fig.2:
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Sarcina: Descriei cornea i sclera.indicai structura i limita dintre ele, adnotai


fig.3:

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Sarcina: Descriei tabloul oftalmoscopic al regiunii posterioare a retinei:

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Sarcina: Indicai ordinea localizrii straturilor retinei,adnotati fig.5:

Sarcina:Explicai notiunile de emetropie, hipermetropie, miopie,presbiopie:

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Sarcina: Descrie n citeva propoziii coerente mecanismul vzului:
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Sarcina:Complectai tabelul
A) PUPILA- IRIS
INTENSITI
LUMINOASE

EFECT ASUPRA PUPILEI

NUMELE
EFECTULUI

B) RETINA-FOTORECEPTORI
FOTORECEPTO
RI

NUMR

PIGMENI
VIZUALI

ROL

LOCALIZAR
E

Sarcina: Construii un aparat foto. Analogie globul ocular-aparat foto


1. Asociai noiunile din coloana A care reprezint elemente componente din
structura globului ocular cu noiunile din coloane B care reprezint
elementele componente ale aparatului foto:
Coloana A
1. Ochiul
2. Cristalinul
3. Mediile transparente
4. Retina
5. Pupila

Coloana B
a) obturatorul
b) obiectivul
c) sistem de vizualizare
d) cutia
e) pelicula fotografic

Concluzie:
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