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New York is a state in the Northeastern United States and is the 27th-most extensive, fourthmost populous, and seventh-most

densely populated U.S. state. New York is bordered byNew

Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east.
The state has a maritime border in the Atlantic Ocean with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as
well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to
the west and north. The state of New York, with an estimated 19.8 million residents in 2015, [4] is
often referred to as New York State to distinguish it from New York City, the state's most
populous city and its economic hub.
With an estimated population of 8.55 million in 2015,[8] New York City is the most populous city in
the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States.[9][10]

The New York City Metropolitan Area is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the

world.[12][13] New York City is a global city,[14] exerting a significant impact upon commerce, finance,
media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment, its fast pace [15] defining
the term New York minute.[16] The home of theUnited Nations Headquarters,[17] New York City is an
important center for international diplomacy[18] and has been described as the cultural and
financial capital of the world,[19][20][21][22][23] as well as the world's most economically powerful city.[24][23]

New York City makes up over 40% of the population of New York State. Two-thirds of the

state's population lives in the New York City Metropolitan Area, and nearly 40% live on Long
Island.[8] Both the state and New York City were named for the 17th century Duke of York,
futureKing James II of England. The next four mos