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ANNOTATEDBIBLIOGRAPHIES

Trinkoff,A.M.,&Storr,C.L.(1998).SubstanceUseamongNurses:Differencesbetween
Specialties.JournalofAddictionsNursing,10(2),7784.Retrievedfrom
www.tandfonline.com
Becausetherehavebeennoextensivestudiesofsubstanceuseamongnurses,thereisnobasison
whichtoidentifygroupsofnursesatriskforsubstanceuseproblems.Certainnursingspecialties
weremorelikelythanotherstobeassociatedwithsubstanceuse.Nursesforavarietyofreasons
areaddictedandaccordingtotheirspecialtyfieldinwhichtheywork,theyaremorelikelyto
becomedependentondrugsoralcohol.Theprevalenceofpastyearsubstanceuseforall
substancescombinedwas32%.Formarijuana/cocaineuseitwas4%,forprescriptiontypedrags
itwas7%,andforcigarettesmokingitwas14%.Bingedrinkingwasreportedby16%ofthe
nurses.
Substanceuseamonghealthprofessionalsisaproblemthatthreatensprofessionalstandardsand
thedeliveryofqualityservicesand,ifleftunchecked,canleadtograveconsequencesforhealth
careconsumers.
Epstein,PatriciaM.,M.S.,R.N.,Burns,Candace,PhD.,A.R.N.P.,&Conlon,HelenAcree,DNP,
MPH,A.R.N.P.B.C.,C.O.H.N.S.(2010).Substanceabuseamongregisterednurses.
AAOHNJournal,58(12),513516.
doi:http://0dx.doi.org.iiiserver.ualr.edu/10.3928/089101622010111603
Thestressfulconditionsofanursesjob,thatcausesthemtoabusedrugs.Thenursesthatabuse
andoraddictedtosubstanceshaveafamilyhistoryofemotionalimpairmentordrugoralcohol

abuse,andsomearetraumatizedaschildren.Notabletohandlethestressorsofthejob,but
needingthejobformoney,anursefeelsasifshehasnooptions,andquittingisnotanoption,so
inordertodealwiththejob,somenursesbecomeaddictedjusttocopeandtheyoungeryouare
themoreatriskyouarefordrugabuse.
Substanceabuseamongnursesisathreattoboththeprofessionandpatients.
Griffith,J.(1999).Substanceabusedisordersinnurses.NursingForum,34(4),1928.Retrieved
from
http://74.217.196.173/docview/195001393?accountid=14482
Substanceabuseamongnursesisasignificantproblemfortheimpairednurse.Administrators
needtobeawareoftheprevalenceofandriskfactorsforsubstanceandchemicaldependency.
Treatmentandpreventionforsubstanceabuseforhealthcareworker,theyshouldbeeducatedon
thesubjectandmakeawareoftreatmentplacesandshouldknowthatthereissecureand
confidentialplacetogoandtalktosomeoneabouttheirproblem.
Theworkplaceusuallyisthelastplacefortheaddictiontobediscoveredsincehealth
professionalstypicallyconcealtheiraddictionintheworkplaceinordertomaintaintheirsupply
ofthedrug.
West,M.M.(2002).Earlyriskindicatorsofsubstanceabuseamongnurses.JournalofNursing
Scholarship,34(2),18793.Retrievedfrom
http://74.217.196.173/docview/236343959?accountid=14482
Earlyriskfactorsforsubstancerelateddisorders.Itisveryimportanttocatchimpairednurses
early,becausetheyareputtingthepatientsatrisk.Makingnursesawareoftheirriskfor
becomingdependentisjustasimportant,becausetheycanbegintomakepreventionchoices.

Helpnursesfindoutiftheyareathighrisk,byhelpingthemresearchfamilyhistory,andtalking
aboutthedifferentaspectsoftheirlife.
Substanceabuseamongnurseshasexistedforatleast150years.