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Name - Amanda Zabojnik

Final Exam Part II

Disability

Characteristics

Prevalen
ce

Teaching Strategies

About 4%
of the
school-age
population
.

-Controlling task difficulty.

SLD (Specific
Learning

-Student does not


achieve
commensurate with
his or her age ability.

Disability)

-Student has
participated in, but
does not respond to
intervention.

-Use graphic organizers.


-Providing modeling and
think-alouds.

-Student actually
needs special
education services.

Mental
Retardation/
Intellectual
Disability

ED
(Emotional
Disturbance)

-Student learns at a
slow pace and
struggles with
comprehending
information.

-Teaching in small
interactive groups of six
or fewer students.

-Providing opportunities
for extended practice with
feedback.
About 1%
of the
school-age
population
.

-Teachers should take


ownership of students
with disabilities by letting
these students know they
are valued.

-Students has a
difficult time with
describing his
individual needs.

-Teachers should be
familiar with all goals and
objectives in the students
IEP.

-Students struggle
with adaptive
behavior.

-Teacher should make


accommodations and
adaptations.

-Student cannot
learn due for
unexplained
reasons.
-Student is unable to
have relationships

About 6%
to 10% of
the schoolage
population
.

-Teachers should always


attempt to resolve
conflicts with ED students
in the classroom.
-Teachers should maintain
a list of behaviors that are

with peers and


teachers.

desirable and set goals for


these behaviors from ED
students in the classroom.

-Student displays
general mood of
depression or
unhappiness.

-Teachers should make


accommodations and
adaptations in the
classroom.

-Student exhibits
aggression,
deception and
defiance.

AU (Autism)

-Student is lacking in
social skills and has
a hard time
communicating with
others.

About 1
out of 10
children
have
Autism.

-Student speaks with


little tone inflection.
-Student may repeat
things that have
already been said.

Speech/
Language
Disorder

-Student displays
difficulty with
articulation, fluency
and/or voice.

-Teachers should use


peers in the classroom to
redirect students
behavior.
-Teachers should take
ownership of every
student in the classroom.

-Student tends to be
anxious and nervous.
-Student has
difficulty with the
verbal means of
communication.

-Teachers should
systematically expect
more and more out of the
student.

About 7%
to 10% of
the schoolage
population
.

-Teachers should create


an atmosphere of ease
and comfortable pacing.
-Teachers should establish
classroom rules where
students are not allowed
to make fun of those
students that struggle
with speech.
-Teachers should never
criticize or point out
speech errors.
-Teachers should allow
adequate time for student

responses.

ADHD

-Student has
difficulty completing
tasks.
-Student has
difficulty with
organization and
becoming easily
distracted.

About 3%
to 5% of
the schoolage
population
.

-Student has a hard


time sitting still in
the classroom.

-Teachers should place an


emphasis on time limits.

-Student may tend to


blurt out answers
and interrupts
others.

TBI
(Traumatic
Brain Injury)

-Student has
numerous cognitive
processing
difficulties.
-Student may exhibit
agitation and
irritability.
-Student has lowered
motivation and may
struggle with
depression.

-Teachers should establish


routines when assigning
school work and
homework, so students
know exactly what to
expect.
-Teachers should provide
timeline tasks for these
specific students.

-Student has
difficulty playing
quietly and talks to
much.

-Student has low


social inhibition,
judgment and
impulse control.

-Teachers should always


work with the parents and
the school when coming
up with solutions for
students with ADHD.

About
450,000
children
per year
sustain a
traumatic
brain
injury.

-Teachers should use


others as resources, such
as other school personnel
and other health
professionals.
-Teachers should be
prepared to be flexible in
planning and willing to
make last minute
changes.
-Teachers should be
creative and help these
particular students
discover their personal
strengths and allow them
to display them!