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Questions for interviews:

Jerry Singer, Maias Grandfather


How old were you when the Vietnam War started?
Ummm I was can I think about it? Or is this a rapid fire? Well, Im gonna say...I was
younger, 20? I was 16 years old. Oh my god. Oh my god, I cant believe it, okay.
What was your earliest memory of the War?
I think my earliest memory of the war was probably a few year years later when
hollywood stars or notable personalities protested against the war. One notable movie
star was Jane Fonda, and she actually went to vietnam during the war and she was
photographed, took pictures with the North Vietnamese and the government. She
wanted to show that not everyone in America supported the war, and she got a lot of
flack from the country, taking photos with the military. It was last longing. Also still, Uncle
Phil, my sisters husband, was sent to fight in the war. Those are the early recollections I
have.
How did the War affect you personally?
Well, it personally affected our family because some people in our family were in the war.
There were lots of protests on college campuses, a lot of dissent with the war at home. It
divided the entire country.
How did the War affect those around you?
Um, I think, I think, um, well again, those family members with sons and daughters had
the overseas. We were concerned for everyones safety.
Were you a Hawk or a Dove regarding the Vietnam war? (in other words, were you for or
against the war at the time it was going on?)
I was a dove. Ha. I always think that war, first of all, it was hard to explain or give a short
answer. I think the short answer would be that Im against all war. I cant elaborate on
that because it would take too much time so yeah, Im against all war.
What was your family's view on the War?
Um, I think they all felt the same as I did, but then youd have to ask a follow up
question- why? Because I think there are many doves that have different reasons for
being doves.
Were you or anyone close to you drafted in the War? Did he fight?
Well, Uncle Phil, my brother in law. He fought in Vietnam, I dont know the base exactly
where, but he was in the marines.
Describe how the Cold War affected you and your family.
Well, the only thing I can say about how it affected us, was that it was, in my definition,
both sides are not friendly with each other, but theyre not shooting either. It was very
tenuous. It was a cold war between the U.S. and Russia, the Soviet Union. Going back
to Jane Fonda for a minute, you might say she was a peace activist in those days. Cuba
is less than 100 miles from the United States, also a communist area, Cuba shipped
missiles to the threaten the United States. President Kennedy said, no absolutely not,
and that concerned all of us because they were scared that there could be a war on U.S.
soil. The Soviet Leader at that time was Nikita Kruschev, and he was shipping missiles,

and the U.S. said no. I think he was testing Kennedy and they removed the missiles and
the Cold War continued.
Questions for interviews:
Barbara Singer, Maias Grandmother
How old were you when the Vietnam War started?
I was 14, 2 years younger. Were a year and 8 months apart.
What was your earliest memory of the War?
All I remember is that we were in Michigan, and your mom and Auntie Dawn, and Cathy
lived across the way in an apartment complex, and Auntie Cathy lived with Great
Grandma and Grandpa, and they moved because we had to leave New York for work.
Uncle Phil was marrying Cathy, and she stayed with Great Grandma and Grandpa
because he was drafted to war, so because I was so involved with your young mom and
aunt, I didnt know much, and didnt want to know much about it.
How did the War affect you personally?
Black people were unhappy with the white people in Detroit and it was right near us in
our area. I only knew about the colleges when I turned on the television, but some
people stayed out of war by going to college or went to Canada to not get drafted, or
they had babies, I think they were exempt if they just had a baby.
How did the War affect those around you?
Umm, we didnt talk about it a lot. We mostly talked about the the war was not a main
topic for us. We mostly turned on the T.V. and saw the college kids protesting the war.
Except, Uncle Phil really wanted to go, he was one of the crazy ones. We mostly talked
about, in the apartment community, where mom took you to visit, we would talk about
the young people who didnt want to be drafted, it was a war that we didnt feel we
should be in. Jerry, were you in the reserves? Oh, earlier, earlier, you werent called yet.
Discharged.
Were you a Hawk or a Dove regarding the Vietnam war? (in other words, were you for or
against the war at the time it was going on?)
I was against. I was against a war. I believe in love and peace and harmony, which I
believe is not happening in my lifetime. Maybe.
What was your family's view on the War?
I have no idea, I was in Michigan, they were in New York, we did not talk about war. Aunt
Cathy was so upset that her husband was drafted.