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FINDING THE

LOCUS
PLURALLOCI

LOCUS

A cow is tethered to a post


with a rope which is 4m long.
It walks around the post with
the rope pulled tight to graze
the grass.
The cows path is a circle of
radius 4m.
The cows path is known as
the locus. The plural (more
than one) of locus is loci

Definition

Loci
The locus of a point is the path traced out by the point as moves through 2D or
3D space. In Loci problems you have to find the path for a given rule/rules.
1. The locus of a point that moves so that it remains a constant distance
from a fixed point p?
Draw the locus of a point that moves so that
it is always 4cm from the fixed point p.

p
p

A circle

Circle

4 cm

Loci
The locus of a point is the path traced out by the point as it moves.
4. The locus of a point that moves so that it remains equidistant from a
fixed line AB?

Two lines parallel to AB

Semi-circular ends

Race track

Loci
The locus of a point is the path traced out by the point as it moves.
Draw the locus of a point that remains 4 cm
from line AB.
Draw compass
2 lines parallel
to AB
of equal
length
and 4cm from
it. 4cm.
Place
on ends
of line
and draw
semi-circles
of radii

4cm
B

A
4cm

Loci

Angle
Bisect
The locus of a point is the path traced out by the point as it moves.
3. The locus of a point that moves so that it remains equidistant from 2
fixed lines as shown?
Draw the locus of the point that remains
equidistant from lines AC and AB.
1.
compass
atonfrom
A each
andAdraw
an arc
3.
Draw
line
through
pointand
of set
2.Place
Placestraight
compass
intersection
crossing
intersection
forarms.
angleThen
bisector.
at a fixedboth
distance.
draw 2 arcs that
C
intersect.

The Angle Bisector

Loci

Perp
Bisect
The locus of a point is the path traced out by the point as it moves.
2. The locus of a point that moves so that it remains equidistant from 2
fixed point points?
Draw the locus of the point that remains
equidistant from points A and B.
2.
4.
the
perpendicular
A,
set
bisector
over
halfway
through
andthe
3.
1. Draw
Place
Join both
compass
points at
with
B, a
with
straight
same
line.
distance
set
draw
points
2of
arcs
intersection.
and draw
2 arcs to intersect first two.
p1

p2
A

The perpendicular
bisector of the line
joining both points.

Loci (Dogs and Goats)

Scale:1cm = 2m

the dog is tethered by a 10m long rope at the corner of the shed as
EX Q Buster
1
shown in the diagram. Draw and shade the area in which Buster can move.

Shed

1. Draw circle of radius 5 cm


2. Draw circle of radius 2 cm
3. Shade in required region

Q2

Loci (Dogs and Goats)

Scale:1cm = 3m

Billy the goat is tethered by a 15m long chain to a tree at A. Nanny the goat is
tethered to the corner of a shed at B by a 12 m rope. Draw the boundary locus
for both goats and shade the region which they can both occupy.
Wall
A

Shed

B
Wall
1. Draw arc of circle of radius 5 cm
2. Draw circle of radius 4 cm
3. Draw a circle of radius 1 cm

4. Shade in the required region.

Q3

Loci

Scale:1cm = 2km

The diagram shows a radio transmitter and a power line. A radio receiver will
only work if it is less than 8km from the transmitter but more than 5 km from
the power line. Shade the region in which it can be operated.

2 cm
Radio
Transmitter

2 cm

e
h
r
ve

ad

ne
i
L
r
e
w
o

1. Draw dotted circle of radius 4 cm


2. Draw line parallel to power
line and 2 cm from it
3. Shade in required region

Three towns are connected by 2 roads as shown. Three wind turbines are to be
positioned to supply electricity to the towns. The row of three turbines are to be
placed so that they are equidistant from both roads. The centre turbine is to be
equidistant from Alton and Bigby. The turbines are to be 400 m apart.

EXQ6

Bigby

(a) Show the line on which


the turbines must sit.
(b) Find the position of the
centre turbine.
(c) Show the position of the
other two.
1. Bisect angle BAC.

Alton

2. Bisect line AB and


locate centre turbine.
3. Mark points 2cm from
centre turbine.

Scale:1cm = 200m

Catford

Q7

A military aircraft takes off on a navigation exercise from airfield A. As part of the
exercise it has to fly exactly between the 2 beacons indicated. There is a radar
station at R with a range of coverage of 40 miles in all directions.
A

B2

(a) Determine the flight path


along which the aircraft
must fly.
(b) Will the radar station be
able to detect the
aircraft during the flight?
1. Draw straight line between
B1 and B2 and bisect.

Scale:1cm = 20miles

B1

2. Locate midpoint and


join to A.
3. Draw a circle of
radius 2 cm

Aircraft not detected

Example and Pract


ise