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4/21/2016

Gerunziulsiinfinitivulinenglezalimbaengleza

Infinitivulinenglezareprezintamodulcaredenumesteactiuneasaustareaexprimatadeunverb.

Folosireainfinitivuluiinlimbaengleza
A.Infinitivulscurtsefoloseste:
1.Dupa"hadbetter","morethan","wouldrather","wouldbetter","nothingbut","hadrather"
Hewouldrathersingthanread.(Maibinearcantadecatsaciteasca.)
2.Dupaverbele"tomake","tohave",candausenscauzativ
Hemakesmelaugh.(Mafacesarad.)
3.Dupaverbele"tosee","tolet","tohear","tofill","towatch","tohelp"(ladiatezaactiva)
Didyouhearhersing?(Aiauzitocantand?)
4.Dupaverbemodalecuexceptialui"oughtto"

Thechildrencansingloudly.(Copiiipotcantatare.)
B.Infinitivullungsefolosestederegulaindouatipurideconstructii:
1.Constructiaacuzativ+infinitiv
Wewantyoutocallustonight.(Vremcasanesunidiseara.)
Aceastaconstructiesefolosestedupaverbeca:"toconsider","toprefer","toimagine","tofind",
"toorder","toallow","tothink","tosuppose","towant","tohate","todeclare","tolike","to
believe","toknow"

2.Constructianominativ+infinitiv
Heisknowntobeagreatwriter.(Ecunoscutcafiindunmarescriitor.)
Spredeosebiredeconstructiacuacuzativ,constructiacunominativaredreptcaracteristicafaptul
capredicatulpropozitieiesteladiatezapasiva.
Constructiacunominativpoatefifolositasidupaurmatoareleverbeladiatezaactiva:"to
happen","toprove","tobesure","tobelikely","toseem","tobeunlikely":
Ihappenvisithertoday.(Seintamplasaovizitezastazi.)
Infinitivulinlimbaenglezasefolosescdupaanumiteadjectivesaupentruaexprimaunscop,sau
http://www.gramaticalimbiienglezeonline.ro/Gramaticalimbiiengleze/Verbulengleza/gerunziulinfinitivulengleza.php

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4/21/2016

Gerunziulsiinfinitivulinenglezalimbaengleza

dupaverbele"toask","towonder","tofindout","tounderstand",candacesteasunturmatede
cuvinteinterogativeca:"how","who","what","where":

Itsdifficultdrivethatcar.
Infinitivulprezentinenglezaaratacaactiuneasedesfasoarainacelasitimpcuverbuldupacare
esteasezat:Ihopetosingasong(Spersacantuncantec)
Infinitivulperfectinenglezaaratacaactiuneaexprimatadeelesteanterioaraceleiaratatede
verbuldinfatalui:Imsorrytohavetoldhimyoursecret(Imipareraucaiamspussecretultau).

Gerunziulinengleza
A.Gerunziulprezentinenglezaareaceeasiformacuparticipiulprezent
Pentrudiatezaactivaseformeazaastfel:verb+ing(working)
Pentrudiatezapasivaseformeazaastfel:being+verb3/ed(beingworked)

Reguliceseaplicalaformareagerunziuluiinengleza:
1.Verbeleterminatein"e"mutilpierdlagerunziu:tomakemakingtohopehoping
2.Sedubleazaconsoanafinalalaverbelecareauosingurasilabasiseterminainconsoana
precedatadeosinguravocalasauverbelecareaumaimultesilabedarseaccentueazaultima,sau
celeterminatein"p"sau"l":tocutcuttingtostopstoppingtoforgetforgetting
3.Verbeleterminatein"ic"primesc"k"apoi"ing":topicnicpicnicking
4.Verbeleterminatein"ie"transformaliterelein"y":tolielying
B.Gerunziulperfectinenglezaareaceeasiformacuparticipiulperfectsiexprimaoactiune
sauostareanterioara
Pentrudiatezaactivaseformeazaastfel:having+verb3/ed
Pentrudiatezapasivaseformeazaastfel:having+been+verb3/ed
Utilizareagerunziuluiinengleza
1.Dupaverbedeatitudine:"tolike","todislike","toenjoy","toprefer","tohate"
Ienjoyseeinghim.(Mabucursailvad.)

2.Dupaverbecaredescriuetapeleuneiactiuni:"tocontinue","tobegin","tostop","to
keep","tostart"
Hekeptgoing(Acontinuatsamearga)
3.Dupaverbecaredescriuactivitatementala:"toforget","toremember","toimagine",etc:
http://www.gramaticalimbiienglezeonline.ro/Gramaticalimbiiengleze/Verbulengleza/gerunziulinfinitivulengleza.php

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4/21/2016

Gerunziulsiinfinitivulinenglezalimbaengleza

ImustrememberturningtheTVoff.(Trebuiesamiamintescsaopresctelevizorul).
4.Dupaexpresiilepersonale:
"Icanthelp"(Nupotsanu,Numapotabtine),
"Icantstand"(nupotsuporta)
5.Dupaverbul"tomind":
Wouldyoumindclosingthedoor(Tesuperidacainchiziusa?)
6.Dupaverbetranzitive:"toadmit","todelay","tosuggest","toprevent","toinvolve":
Headmittedbeinglate.(Arecunoscutcaaintarziat.)

7.Dupaexpresiileimpersonale:
Itsnogood(nuebinesa),it'sgood,itsworth(meritasa),itsnouse(nuefolositorsa),its
useless(einutilsa)
Verbeleinenglezacarefolosescfieinfinitivulfiegerunziul:advise,agree,allow,begin,can/could
bear,cease,continue,forget,hate,intend,like,love,mean,need,permit,prefer,propose,
recommend,regret,remember,require,start,stop,try,usedto.
Verbeinenglezacarefolosescinfinitivulsagerunziulfarasasimodificeintelesul:begin,start,
continue,ceasecantbearintendadvise,allow,permit,recommenditneeds/requires/wants.

http://www.gramaticalimbiienglezeonline.ro/Gramaticalimbiiengleze/Verbulengleza/gerunziulinfinitivulengleza.php

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