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Name

Outline

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

MLACitation

(whoisresponsible)

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

1. Krista

Issues>Problems

thelackofeasyaccessto

Ifpeoplearesickorneed

Itlowersthechancesof

"Health".OurAfrica.

healthclinicsandthecostsof

anytypeoftreatments

peoplewhoaresicktoget

N.p.,2016.Web.6

certaintreatmentsor

aren’tabletogetthehelp

thetreatmenttheyneed

Mar.2016.

preventionmethodscanput

thattheyneedoraren’t

andcouldraisetheir

helpoutofthereachofmany

abletoaffordthecare.

chancesofdyingifitisa

("Health")

families.

seriousdisease.

2.Krista

Diseases>HIV/TB

Worldwide,approximately12

About8,000,000people

Throughoutthewhole

Gelletly,LeeAnne. AIDSandHealth IssuesinAfrica. Philadelphia:Mason

millionpeoplehavebeen

hadbeeninfectedbythis

world,morethanhalf

infectedbybothHIVandTB.

insub­SaharanAfrica.

wereinfectedinjustthat

Mostofthem(approximately

region.

two­thirds)canbefoundin

sub­SaharanAfrica.Nigeria

Crest,2014.PDF.

hasthehighestnumberof

(Gelletly53)

newlydiagnosedcasesper

year.

 

3.Krista

Issues>safewater

InmuchofAfrica,clean

CountriesinAfricaaren’t

Thereisn’treallyanything

Gelletly,LeeAnne. AIDSandHealth IssuesinAfrica. Philadelphia:Mason

Crest,2014.PDF.

drinkingwaterandsanitary

abletoobtainsafe

elsethattheycoulddrink

facilities­­basicsthat

drinkingwater.

ratherthantheunsafe

residentsofindustrialized

wateranditcouldcause

nationstakeforgranted­­do

notexist.

peopletogetmore

diseases.

Amongthecountrieswiththe

(Gelletly68)

leastaccesstosafewaterare

Tanzania,Nigeria,and

Ethiopia.

Name

Outline

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

MLACitation

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

4.Krista

Improvement>

Programshaveprovided

Thereareimprovements

Theycouldbeableto

Gelletly,LeeAnne. AIDSandHealth IssuesinAfrica. Philadelphia:Mason

watersupply

suppliesandtrainingforthe

toprovidecleanerwater

drinkcleanwaterrather

installationofstandpipesand

forpeople

thanwaterthatcouldbe

pumps,andthediggingof

deadlyorcontaina

wellsandboreholestoaccess

cleanwaterdeepbelowthe

disease

Crest,2014.PDF.

earth’ssurface.

(Gelletly69)

5.Krista

Issues>problems

Hospitalsandclinicsinsome

HospitalsinAfricadon’t

Peoplewhoareinneedof

"Health".OurAfrica.

Africancountrieslackbasic

havetheequipmentand

healthcarearen’tableto

N.p.,2016.Web.6

equipmentandhave

suppliesthatareneeded

getanyorhavegoodcare

Mar.2016.

inadequatesuppliesof

tohelppeople.

becausethereisn’t

medicines.

enoughofsuppliesto

("Health")

helpeveryone.

6.Krista

Diseases>AIDS

AIDSkillsaround6,000

AIDSisahugekillerof

AIDScontinuestokill

"Diseases".Our

peopleeachdayinAfrica–

peopleinAfricaeachday

peopleeverydayandif

Africa.N.p.,2016.

morethanwars,faminesand

andkillsmorethanmost

theyhadtheproper

Web.7Mar.2016.

floods.

thingsthatareterrible

healthcarethenthey

couldlowerthenumbers.

("Diseases")

Name

Outline

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

 

MLACitation

 

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

7.Krista

Improvement>

Bythelate1990s,

Therewasadifferent

Becausejustfromone

Gelletly,LeeAnne. AIDSandHealth IssuesinAfrica. Philadelphia:Mason

medications

antiretroviralsweretheusual

treatmentthatwasused

differenttreatmentit

methodoftreatmentforAIDS

forAIDSpatientsandit

helpedsavedmanylives,

patientsinindustrialized

hadimprovedthesurvival

iftherewasjustabit

countries,andtheiruse

rate

moreofnewmedications

 

Crest,2014.PDF.

 

greatlyimprovedthesurvival

thatareintroduced,thenit

 

rateofHIV­positive

canimprovemuch

   

individuals.

survivalrates

 

(Gelletly26)

8.Krista

Issues>problems

Inmanycases,thesechildren

Manychildrenendup

Manychildrenaredying

Gelletly,LeeAnne. AIDSandHealth IssuesinAfrica. Philadelphia:Mason

diefromhealthproblemsthat

dyingbecausewhenthey

andtheywon’tbeableto

canbetreated,including

areyoungtheydon’t

growupsothereisloss

malnutrition,diarrheal

receivethevaccinations

forfutureworkers,etc.

diseases,anddiseasessuch

asmeaslesandtetanusfor

thattheyneedandwhen

theygettheproblem,

Crest,2014.PDF.

whichtherearepreventive

nothingelsecanbedone.

   

vaccines.

 

(Gelletly22)

9.Krista

Diseases>Ebola

Liberiahasfewerthan200

Whentherewasanebola

Lessdoctorstocarefor

"Helpinthetimeof

 

doctorsservingsome4m

outbreakdoctors

otherscausesmoredeath

Ebola;Healthinwest

people.Sincetheoutbreak,all ofitsmainpublichospitalshave shut(someprivateonesarestill working).Death,illnessandfear

discontinuedworkingand

Africa."The

 
     

therearelesstotakecare

Economist20Sept.

ofpeoplewhoareneeding

2014:46(US).

 
 

thehelp.

StudentEdition.Web.

meanthatjust50doctorsare

7Mar.2016.

 

continuingtoworkinthe

   

domestichealthsystem.

 
(“Helpinthe Time”
(“Helpinthe
Time”
 

Name

Outline

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

MLACitation

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

10.Krista

Improvement>

WiththePDAswiththem,they

TheyhadPDAsavailable

Thislittleadvancementof

Wright, Bianca. "Technology delivering 'amazing' results:

Technology

hadaccesstodrugcatalogues

forthemsothattheycould

technologyisabletosave

andmedicaltextsatthetouch

obtaininformationabout

thetimespentwitheach

patient,sothattheycould

beabletocareforothers

ofabuttonandwereableto

thepatientratherthan

goingtofindthepaperof

applying new technologies, even as basic as hand‐held computer systems, is changing the face of health‐care in Africa. The results, as Bianca Wright reports, have been amazing." African BusinessJune 2004:

44+. Student Edition. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.

checktheinformationin

real­timewhiletheywerewith

informationeachtime

quickerandisabletopull

thepatient.

uptheirinformation

quickeralso

(Wright)
(Wright)

11.Krista

Improvement>

Technologycanalsohelp

Usingtechnologytotryto

Iftherearelessinsects,

Gelletly,LeeAnne. AIDSandHealth IssuesinAfrica. Philadelphia:Mason

Technology

reduceinsectpopulations.

reduceinsectpopulations

thereisahigherchance

Onewaytopreventinsects

tostopspreadingdiseases

thatthenumberof

fromreproducingistosterilize

diseasesthatarespread

themaleswithradiationor

chemicals,andthenrelease

aroundwilldecrease.

Crest,2014.PDF.

themwithinaspecificarea.

(Gelletly84)

12.Krista

Disease>Polio

Thisdiseaseisspreadby

Poliospreadseasilyin

Polioandotherharmful

Gelletly,LeeAnne. AIDSandHealth IssuesinAfrica. Philadelphia:Mason

Crest,2014.PDF.

contactwithinfected

Africabecauseofthe

diseasescouldbeinthe

individuals,throughwateror

unsafewaterandpoor

waterandcouldspread

foodthathasbeen

sanitation

aroundtoothersand

contaminatedwithhuman

waste.

causethemtohavethe

diseasealso.

Poliostrikesprimarilywhere

(Gelletly101)

sanitationispoorandchildren

aremalnourished

Name

13.Krista

Outline

(Topic>Subtopic)

Improvement>

technology

Whatdoesitsay?

(DirectQuote)

SymbolTechnologiesAfrica’s

MaxStonesaysthatalthough

thetakeupofnewhealth

technologieshasbeenslow

butitisthecomingthing.

Whatdoesitmean?

(BriefSummary)

TechnologyinAfricawill

keepgrowingeventhough

itmighttakeawhile.

Whydoesitmatter?

(What’sthepoint)

Themoretechnologythat

willbeinAfricaforits

health­caresystemwill

improveitevenifittakes

awhileforittogrow

MLACitation

(fullANDin­text)

Wright, Bianca.

 

"Technology delivering

'amazing' results:

 

applying new

 

technologies, even as

basic as hand‐held

 

computer systems, is

 

changing the face of

health‐care in Africa.

The results, as Bianca

Wright reports, have

 

been amazing." African

BusinessJune 2004:

 

44+. Student Edition.

Web. 7 Mar. 2016.

 
(Wright)
(Wright)

14.Krista

Issues>problems

Africaisthemost

Therearemanyproblems

Iftheseobstaclesthatare

Sah,Anup.

underdevelopedcontinent

inAfricaandthatcausesit

inthewayareovercome

HelpingAfrica

becauseofgeographicaland

tobeunderdevelopedand

andchangesthanthe

HelpItselfa

healthconstraintsthathave

havepoorhealthcare

health­carefieldcould

GlobalEffort.

notyetbeenovercome,

becomemoredeveloped

Philadelphia:

becauseofill­considered

policies,becauseofthesheer

numberofseparate

andthenumberofpeople

dyingfromdiseasescould

decrease.

MasonCrest,

2014.PDF.

nation­states,andbecauseof

poorgovernance

(Sah11)

15.Krista

Issues>Can’t

Themajority(80percent)of

SomepeopleinAfrica

Peopleneedsthesebasic

Sah,Anup.

MeetNeeds

theAfricanpopulationliveson

makeslessthan$2aday

thingstosurviveinlife

HelpingAfrica

lessthan$2aday.Suchlow

sotheyaren’tableto

andtolowertheir

HelpItselfa

incomesmeanthatpeople

affordeverythingthatthey

chancestogetincontact

GlobalEffort.

cannotmeetthebasicneeds

wouldneedtosurvive.

withdiseases.

forsurvival,suchasfood,

healthcare,safedrinking

Philadelphia:

MasonCrest,

2014.PDF.

waterandsanitation,

education,shelter,and

clothing.

(Sah14)

Name

Outline

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

MLACitation

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

16.Heather

Disease>Howit

“Beyondthedeathtoll,these

Thespreadofdisease,

Ifhealthcareisn’ttaken

Rosalyn,Amanda,and WildingCarson­Dewitt. "PublicHealthAssistance ToSub­SaharanAfrica." SalemPress Encyclopedia

AffectsOther

diseasesdamagethesocial,

economicandeducational

withouthealthcare,can

seriouslyitwon’tjust

Areas

infrastructuresthroughouttheregion,

affectotherpartsof

affectthepopulation

furtherperpetuatingthepublichealth

society.Sotheonly

number,it’sachain

crisis.”

outcomeisn’tjustdeath,it

playsitsroleonthesocial

reaction.Oncethe

populationisaffected

(2016):TopicOverviews

6­12.Web.7Mar.2016.

aspectsandtheeconomy,

socialrolesareaffected,

onlyspreadingtheneed

andthatchangesthe

forsubstantialhealthcare.

economy.Ifweadvance

(Rosalyn)

technologyinplaces

aroundSub­Saharan

 
       

Africawecanadvance

 

otherareasaswell.

17.Heather

Improvement>

“Mostadvocacygroupsconsider

Advocacygroupsbelieve

Africacannotdevelopa

Rosalyn,Amanda,and WildingCarson­Dewitt. "PublicHealthAssistance ToSub­SaharanAfrica." SalemPress Encyclopedia

(2016):TopicOverviews

U.S.Involvement

foreignaidfromtheUnitedStates

essentialtocombatinfectious

thatinorderforhealthcare

stablehealthcaresystem

diseaseinsub­SaharanAfrica.

toimproveinAfrica,help

ontheirown,theyneed

Currently,U.S.initiativessuchasthe

fromtheUnitedStatesis

thehelpofanorganized

President'sEmergencyPlanforAIDS

Relief,theU.S.LeadershipAgainst

needed.Thereareseveral

plansthattheU.S.

government,liketheU.S.

IfandwhentheU.S.get

HIV/AIDS,TuberculosisandMalaria

6­12.Web.7Mar.2016.

ActandUSAIDareprovidingaidto

governmenthasinplace

involvedandprovideaid

theregion.”

forhelpingdiseaseand

toAfricatheycanimprove

aidingtheregionof

researchandmedication

(Rosalyn)

sub­SaharanAfrica.

fordiseaseslikeAIDS,

Malaria,etc…

 

18.Heather

Diseases>

“Eachyear,overonemillioncasesof

Tuberculosisissucha

Sub­SaharanAfricaisin

Rosalyn,Amanda,and WildingCarson­Dewitt. "PublicHealthAssistance ToSub­SaharanAfrica." SalemPress Encyclopedia

(2016):TopicOverviews

Tuberculosis

tuberculosis(TB)affectsub­Saharan

populardiseasein

direneedofimproved

Africans.”

 

sub­SaharanAfrica

medicationandhealth

“Theregion'sdamagedinfrastructure

becauseofthepoor

care.Iftheyreceiveit,

andprohibitiveeconomicconditions

allowthediseasetopersistin

conditionsthatarepresent

intheregion.

deadlydiseases,likeTB,

canbecomelesspopular.

sub­SaharanAfrica.”

6­12.Web.7Mar.2016.

   

(Rosalyn)

Name

Outline

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

MLACitation

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

19.Heather

Diseases>Malaria

“While malaria has been largely

Sub­SaharanAfricaisthe mostpopularlocationfor Malaria,ittakesthelives

ThisareainAfricaneeds

Rosalyn,Amanda,and WildingCarson­Dewitt. "PublicHealthAssistance ToSub­SaharanAfrica." SalemPress Encyclopedia

(2016):TopicOverviews

6­12.Web.7Mar.2016.

controlled in developed nations,

healthcareattention.

sub­Saharan Africa has accounted

Malariatakesthelifeof

for

the largest number of malaria

100millioneachyear.Of

manypeople,andsolving

infectionsinrecentdecades.

Of

the 300­500 million cases of

the100million,90%arein

sub­SaharanAfrica.

thisproblemwilldecrease

thedeathtoll,whilealso

malaria worldwide each year, one

million deaths occur, 90% of which

aidingeconomyand

 

society.

occurinsub­SaharanAfrica.”

(Rosalyn)

20.Heather

Improvement>

The effect of infectious diseases

Thegovernmentchoseto

Oncethegovernment

Rosalyn,Amanda,and WildingCarson­Dewitt. "PublicHealthAssistance ToSub­SaharanAfrica."

U.S.Involvement

throughout sub­Saharan Africawas

ignoretheconditionsin

wasawareofthehorrible

largelyignoredbytheUnitedStates

sub­SaharanAfrica,but

conditionsinAfrica,they

government and other nations

whentheWHOshowed

decidedtodosomething.

 

throughtheearly1990s.In1999,the

reported that HIV/AIDS had

themhowAIDSwas

impactinglifeinAfrica.

TuberculosisandMalaria

werebecomingworse

Thereisstillmoretobe

done,becausewhilethe

U.S.hasintentionsof

assisting,thesediseases

SalemPress Encyclopedia

(2016):TopicOverviews

6­12.Web.7Mar.2016.

negatively impacted the life

becauseoftheAIDS

arestillwipingoutthe

(Rosalyn)

expectancy in sub­Saharan Africa,

epidemic.

population.

and had exacerbated thespreadof

 

tuberculosisandmalaria.

21.Heather

CurrentHealth

A

worldwide response to the

Thegovernmentdidn’t respondtothespreadof infectiousdiseasesuntil

Thisallowedthediseases

Rosalyn,Amanda,and WildingCarson­Dewitt. "PublicHealthAssistance ToSub­SaharanAfrica." SalemPress Encyclopedia

(2016):TopicOverviews

6­12.Web.7Mar.2016.

Care>

widespread presence of infectious

tobecomewidespread

diseasessuchasHIV/AIDS,malaria

andcausemoredamage.

and tuberculosis in sub­Saharan

the21stcentury.

Whileitisimportantthat

Africa was not initiated until the

twenty­firstcentury.

theydideventuallyget

involved,thesituation

couldhavebeenless

 

severeandlesshardto

controliftheywould’ve

intervenedsooner.

(Rosalyn)

Name

Outline

 

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

MLACitation

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

22.Heather

Improvement>

“TheUnitedStatesfederalagency

TheU.S.hasbeen

Withfreetradebetween

Rosalyn,Amanda,and WildingCarson­Dewitt. "PublicHealthAssistance ToSub­SaharanAfrica." SalemPress Encyclopedia

(2016):TopicOverviews

U.S.Involvement

USAIDhasdirectedfundstofight

HIV/AIDSinsub­SaharanAfrica.

sendingaidto

thetwocountries,this

Theorganizationhasalsohelpedto

sub­SaharanAfrica,

regioninAfricacanhave

re­developtheinfrastructureofthe

helpingthemdevelopa

accesstobetter

damagedregionbyestablishing

standardsforfreetradebetweenit

bettersystembyallowing

freetrade.

technologyandresources

thatwillhelpthemfight

andtheUnitedStates.”

6­12.Web.7Mar.2016.

 

disease.

(Rosalyn)

23.Heather

Issues>Lackof

“Thisreferstothemigrationoflocally trainedhealthprofessionalsfrom throughoutsub­SaharanAfricato NewZealand,theUnitedKingdom andtheUnitedStates.Factorssuch assalaryandworkingconditions drivetheseprofessionalstomigrate

todevelopedcountries.In2003,the

Professionaldoctorsin

Thelackofdoctorscan

Rosalyn,Amanda,and WildingCarson­Dewitt. "PublicHealthAssistance ToSub­SaharanAfrica." SalemPress Encyclopedia

(2016):TopicOverviews

6­12.Web.7Mar.2016.

Doctors

Africahavebeganto

leadtomoretroublein

migratetomoreadvanced

healthcare.Thiscanbe

countries,liketheU.S.

causedbecausewithout

andNewZealand,

becausetheyofferabetter

properdoctorsdiseases

won’tbetreated

UnitedKingdomabsorbedthousands

payandworking

effectively.

 

oftrainedhealthprofessionalsfrom

conditions.

countriesinsub­SaharanAfrica.”

(Rosalyn)

24.Heather

Issues>Lackof

“Tanzania'sshortageisevenmore extreme:thereareonlytwoorthree

doctorsforevery100,000people.”

Inthislocationthereareis

Withthislackofhealth

Rosalyn,Amanda,and WildingCarson­Dewitt. "PublicHealthAssistance ToSub­SaharanAfrica." SalemPress Encyclopedia

(2016):TopicOverviews

6­12.Web.7Mar.2016.

Doctors

anextremeneedformore

professionals,causing

professionalscomesa

higherdeath/illnesstoll.If

 

diseasetobemore

thedoctorscan’ttake

prominent.

theirtimeonapatientto

understandandtreat

themfully,mostlikely

 

theywillmisssomething

important.

(Rosalyn)

Name

Outline

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

MLACitation

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

25.Heather

26.Heather

27.Heather

Problems>Lackof

Food

Problems>Lackof

Finances

Diseases>AIDS

“Thislackhasledtowidespread

malnutritionandpoorhealthinsome

countries,whichdirectlyimpacts

employment,productivity,and

healthcarecosts.”

“Sub­SaharanAfricaisalsohome

to400millionoftheworld'spoorest

people.”

Withjustoverhalfof

primary­school­agedchildrenin

schoolandthelargenumberof

HIV/AIDS­infectedadults,

Nigeriafacesserious

challengesandsignificant

obstaclesintheeducationand

healthcaresectors.

Themalnutritionin

sub­SaharanAfricahas

causedhealthcaretobe

affected.

Sub­SaharanAfricahasa

largenumberofpoor

people,whichcanhurtthe

healthcaresystem

immensely.

HIV/AIDSissopopularin

primaryagedchildrenand

adultsthatitcauses

extremestressonthe

healthcaresystem.

Withmalnutritioncomes

moretrouble.Ifsomeone

doesnoteatproperlythey

cancontractother

illnessesthatcan’tbe

helpedwithoutproper

medicalcare.

Peoplewhoarepoor

cannotaffordsufficient

healthcare,whichcan

causetheirillnessto

becomeworse.

Therearemanypeople

whoareinfectedwith

HIV/AIDSandnotmany

peopleareeducated

enoughsotheyaren’t

abletohelpmanyin

need.

Comstock,Nancy."Food Security."SalemPress

Encyclopedia(2015):

TopicOverviews6­12.

Web.8Mar.2016.

(Comstock)

"TheResourceMiracle."

Time179.21(2012):28.

MiddleSearchPlus.

Web.8Mar.2016.

Ploch, Lauren.

 

"Nigeria." Congressional

Research Service (CRS)

 

Reports and Issue

 

Briefs. Washington, DC:

Congressional Research

 

Service, 2010. Student

 

Edition. Web. 8 Mar.

 

2016.

 
(Ploch)
(Ploch)

Name

Outline

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

MLACitation

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

28.Heather

29.Heather

30.Heather

Diseases>Polio

Improvement>

sanitation

Problems>Lackof

Medicine

TheWorldHealthOrganization

linkedtheriseinpoliocasesin

Nigeriaandelsewhereonthe

continenttotheinterruptionin

vaccinations.

Whilethelegislationdidnot

specifyhowwaterfunding

shouldbespent,itcalledfor

increasinginvestmentsinwater

andsanitationactivities,

particularlyinsub­Saharan

Africancountries.

“Alackofresourcesandmedicine

compoundstheseriousnessofAIDS

insub­SaharanAfricancountries.”

Whenvaccinationswere

stoppedthecasesofpolio

rose.

Thewaterfundingwillbe

spentmoreontryingto

havewaterbecleanerand

moresanitaryforpeopleto

beabletodrink.

Thebadhealthcare

systemalongwiththelack

ofmedicinecontributesto

thelargeoutbreakof

AIDS.

ThehealthcareinAfrica

couldn’taffordthe

vaccinations,sothey

stoppedthem,whichonly

causedtheoutbreakto

getbigger.Thiscan

happenwithanyother

diseaseaswell.

Waterfundingcanbe

spentmoreonwaterand

sanitationandthatcan

helpdecreasetheamount

ofdiseasesbeingspread

aroundmore.People

couldbeabletodrink

cleanerwaterandprevent

spreadingdiseases.

Iftheresourcesaren’t

improvedtheAIDS

outbreakwillonlyget

worse.

Ploch, Lauren.

 

"Nigeria." Congressional

Research Service (CRS)

 

Reports and Issue

 

Briefs. Washington, DC:

Congressional Research

 

Service, 2010. Student

 

Edition. Web. 8 Mar.

 

2016.

 
(Ploch)
(Ploch)

Salaam‐Blyther, Tiaji.

 

"Global access to clean

drinking water and

 

sanitation: U.S. and

 

international

 

programs."

 

Congressional Research

Service (CRS) Reports

 

and Issue Briefs. Washington, DC:

 

Congressional Research

Service, 2012. Student

 

Edition. Web. 8 Mar.

 

2016.

 

(Salaam‐Blyther)

Appleton,Walter."World HealthOrganization (WHO)."Magill’SMedical Guide(OnlineEdition)

(2015):TopicOverviews

6­12.Web.8Mar.2016.

(Appleton)

Name

Outline

Whatdoesitsay?

Whatdoesitmean?

Whydoesitmatter?

MLACitation

(Topic>Subtopic)

(DirectQuote)

(BriefSummary)

(What’sthepoint)

(fullANDin­text)

EXTRA:31

         

EXTRA:32

         

EXTRA:33