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Cnd folosim verbul to do?

# Ca verb auxiliar (auxiliary verb):


- n ntrebri: Do you like tennis? (Ii place tennisul?)
What do you do in the evenings? (Ce faci seara?)
- n negaii: I dont like tennis. (Nu-mi place tennisul)
I dont do much in the evenings. (Nu fac prea multe
seara)
Dont go. (Nu te duce).
- n emfaze (accentuarea unei pri a propoziiei):
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Do sit down! (Stai jos, te rog!)
I do love her. (Chiar o iubesc)
- n inversiune (verb naintea subiectului):
At no time did he lose his self-control. (Nu si-a
pierdut controlul nici un moment).
- elipsa (folosim un verb auxiliar n locul unui verb ntreg):
You saw Allen, didnt you? (L-ai vzut pe Allen, nu-i
aa?)
# Ca verb cu scop general
- activiti nedefinite ceva (something [smi] / [samsing]), nimic
(nothing [ni] / [nasing]), orice (anything [enii] /[ enising]):
Do something! (F ceva!)
- pentru munc
I do the shopping, you do the cooking. (Eu fac cumprturile, tu
gtete)
Exerciii: 1. Completai propoziiile cu forma corect de prezent a verbului
to do:
1. ......you like tennis?
2. I.............like tennis.
3. ........she like tennis?
4. ............read!
5. They............like her!
2. Completai propoziiile cu forma corect de trecut a verbului to do:
6. ......you like tennis?
7. I.............like tennis.
8. ........she like tennis?
9. They............like her!
c) Verbul to have [tu: hv] = a avea
1. Prezentul simplu (Present simple)
a) Afirmativ (Affirmative / Statements)
Prezentul simplu, afirmativ,
limba englez, forma lung
(Present simple,
affirmative/statement, long
form, English version)
Prezentul simplu, afirmativ,
limba romn (Present
simple,
affirmative/statement,
Romanian version)

Prezentul simplu, afirmativ,


limba englez, forma scurt
(Present simple,
affirmative/statement, short
form, English version)
I have [ai hv] / [ai hev] (Eu) am Ive [aiv]
You have [ju: hv] / [iuu
hev]
(Tu) ai Youve [iuv]
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He has [hi: hz]/ [hii hez] (El) are Hes [hiz]
She has [i: hz] / [ii hez] (Ea) are Shes [iz]
It has [it hz] / [it hez] (El/ea) (obiecte) are. Its [i]
We have [wi: hv] / [uii
hev]
(Noi) avem Weve [uiv]
You have [ju: hv] / [iuu
hev]
(Voi) avei Youve [iuv]
They have [ei hv]/ [zei
hev]
(Ei/ele) au Theyve [zeiv]
!!! ATENIE!!!
Observai i n cazul verbului to have terminaia s de la persoana a
treia
singular, pentru forma de prezent simplu.
b) Negativul (Negatives)
Prezentul simplu, negativ,
limba englez, forma lung
(Present simple, negatives,
long form, English version)
Prezentul simplu, negativ,
limba romn (Present
simple, negatives,
Romanian version)
Prezentul simplu, negativ,
limba englez, forma scurt
(Present simple, negatives,
short form, English version)
I have not / I do not have (Eu) nu am I havent/ I dont have
You have not / You do not
have
(Tu) nu ai You havent/ You dont
have
He has not/ He does not
have
(El) nu are. He hasnt/ He doesnt have
She has not/ She does not
have
(Ea) nu are. She hasnt/ She doesnt

have
It has not/ It does not have (El/Ea) (obiecte) nu are. It hasnt/ It doesnt
have
We have not / We do not
have
(Noi) nu avem. We havent/ We dont have
You have not / You do not
have
(Voi) nu avei. You havent/ You dont
have
They have not / They do not
have
(Ei/Ele) nu au. They havent/ They dont
have
!!! ATENIE!!!
Verbul to have poate fi verb auxiliar, ajutnd la formarea unor ntrebri
pentru
formele de perfect, caz n care forma de negativ prezent este I
havent., fie ca
rspuns scurt, fie ca urmat de verbul de conjugat, forma a treia: I havent
written (Nu
am scris).
Ca verb de sine stttor, cu sensul de a avea, to have are ca form de
negativ
I dont have, deci l utilizeaz ca verb auxiliar pe verbul to do despre
care am vorbit
mai devreme.
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Aceleai observaii sunt valabile i pentru formele de interogativ prezent ,
pe care
le vom vedea n tabelul de mai jos.
c) Interogativul (Interrogative, Yes/No Questions
Prezentul simplu, interogativ, limba
englez, (Present simple, yes/no
questions, English version)
Prezentul simplu, interogativ, limba
romn (Present simple, yes/no
questions, Romanian version)
Have I..?/ Do I have? Am..? Am (eu)?
Have you..? / Do you have? Ai..? Ai (tu)?
Has he..? / Does he have? A.? Are (el)?
Has she..? / Does she have? A.? Are (ea)?
Has it..? / Does it have? A.? Are (el/ea) (obiecte)?
Have we..?/ Do we have? Am? Avem (noi)?
Have you..?/ Do you have? Ai..? Avei (voi)?
Have they..?/ Do they have? Au.? Au (ei/ele)?
2. Timpul trecut (Past Tense Simple)
n cazul verbului to have avem o singur form pentru timpul trecut
(past tense
simple) i anume had, pentru toate persoanele.

Afirmativ : I/He/We/You/They had a car.


(Eu/El/Noi/Voi/Ei/ am/au avut o main).
Negativ: I/He/We/You/They didnt have a car.
(Eu/El/Noi/Voi/Ei/ nu am/au avut o main)
Interogativ: Did I/he/we/you/they have a car?
Am/au avut eu/el/noi/voi/ei/ o main?
!!! ATENIE!!!
Observai formarea negativului i a interogativului verbului to have ca
verb de
sine stttor cu past tense-ul auxiliarului do, deci did, urmat de infinitivul
scurt al
verbului de conjugat have. Aadar, avem didnt have, i did I have i
NU didnt had
i did I had.
Observai de asemenea c n limba englez este obligatorie
exprimarea/folosirea
subiectului, did I have, pe cnd n limba romn el poate fi omis, Am
avut (eu)?
Cnd folosim verbul to have?
# Ca auxiliar
1. Pentru formele de perfect (perfect verb forms):
I have read the book. (Am citit/citii cartea) (present perfect prezent
perfect)
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I had read the book. (Citisem cartea) (past perfect mai mult ca
perfectul)
I will have read the book by this time tomorrow. (Voi fi citit cartea pn
mine pe vremea asta).(future perfect viitorul
perfect)
Id like to have read this book ten years ago. (Mi-a dori s fi citit cartea
asta acum zece ani) (perfect infinitive
infinitivul perfect)
Having read the book before, he knew what to expect. (Citind/ Dat fiind
c citise cartea nainte, tia la ce s se atepte).
2. ntrebri i negaii
Have you read the book? (Ai citit/citii cartea?)
I havent read the book. (Nu am citit/ nu citii cartea).
# Cnd vorbim despre posesie, relaii i alte situaii/stri:
They have three newspapers. (Ei au trei ziare).
Have you got any brothers or sisters? (Ai frai sau surori?)
Do you often have headaches? (Ai des dureri de cap?)
# Cnd vorbim despre aciuni i experiene:
Im going to have a shower. (O s fac un du)
Were having a meeting next month. (Vom avea o ntrunire luna
viitoare).
# Cnd vorbim despre obligaii
I had to read yesterday. (Ieri a trebuit s citesc).
# Cnd vorbim despre cauzarea sau experimentarea unor aciuni i
evenimente
His son had everybody laughing. (Fiul su i-a fcut pe toi s rd)

I must have my shoes repaired. (Trebuie s-mi repar pantofii)


We had our car stolen last week. (Ni s-a furat maina sptmna
trecut)
Exerciii:
1. Completai urmtoarele propoziii cu forma corect de prezent a
verbului to
have:
1. I ..a book.
2. He .a car.
3. ..youa picture?
4. She .not water.
5. He..a newspaper.
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2. Completai urmtoarele propoziii cu forma corect de trecut a verbului
to
have:
6. I ..a book.
7. He .a car.
8. ..youa picture?
9. She .not water.
10. He..a newspaper.
2. REGULI DE FORMARE (FORMATION RULES)- TIMPURILE (TENSES)
1. Prezentul simplu (Present simple) obiceiuri, aciuni generale
Afirmativ (Positive): I/You/We/They read He/She/It/ reads
(to read [ri:d] / [riid] = a citi)
Negative: You dont read He doesnt read
Interogativ: (Questions): Do you read..? Does he read.?
2. Prezentul continuu (Present continuous): - aciuni care au loc la
momentul vorbirii
Afirmativ (Positive): I am reading. You/We/They are reading.
He/She/It is reading.
Negative: I am not reading. You arent reading.
She isnt reading.
Question: Am I reading? Are you reading?
Is she reading?
3. Prezentul perfect (Present perfect): - aciuni din trecutul apropiat, cu
consecine
vizibile n prezent
Afirmativ (Positive): I/You/We/they have written. He/she/it has written.
(to write = a scrie)
Negative (Questions): They havent written. He hasnt written.
Interogativ: Have they written? Has he written?
4. Past (Trecut) Simple: aciune desfurat n trecut, cu mrci ale
trecutului, ca
ieri, anul trecut, etc.
1. Regulat (Regular):
positive: I/You/He/She/It/We/They stopped.
negative: You didnt stop.
interogative: Did you stop?
2. Neregulat (Irregular): positive: I/You/He/She/It/We/They wrote. (to

write wrote- written)


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negative: You didnt write.
interogativ: Did you write?
5. Past (Trecut) continuu (Past Continuous): aciune trecut ce se
desfoar n timpul
altei aciuni trecute)
(Afirmative) Positive: I/He/She/It was writing. You/We/They/ were writing.
Negativ: You werent writing. She wasnt writing.
Interogativ: Were you writing? Was she writing?
Exerciiu: Trecei verbele date la infinitiv la timpurile cerute n parantez.
1. I .. (to read prezent simplu).
2. You. .(to go prezent continuu)
3. He . (to write prezentul perfect)
4. We (to watch TV past tense simplu)
5. They.. (to speak past tense continuu)