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de termeni matematici i tehnici

RomanianEnglish Dictionary
of Mathematical and Technical Terms

Editat de

ISBN 978-606-760-040-7
Universitatea Bucureti
Brndua Rileanu
Refereni tiinifici: Prof. Dr. Constantin Udrite
Prof. Dr. Ionel Tevy
Copert, tehnoredactare, ilustrare: Lidia Vianu
Corectur: Ioana Agafiei, Alexandra Velicu.
Postare: Cristian Vjea, Simona Smulescu.
PR Manager: Violeta Baroan.
Publicitate: Cristian Vjea.
Header Editur: Elena Gherc.

Brndua Rileanu

Dicionar romnenglez
de termeni matematici i tehnici
9,000 words

RomanianEnglish Dictionary
of Mathematical and Technical Terms

Editat de
Lidia Vianu

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
1

Cuprins

Brndua Rileanu: Cuvnt nainte

p. 3

Abrevieri

p. 4

Dicionar romnenglez de termeni


matematici i tehnici
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I

J
L
M
N
O
P
R
S

p. 4
p. 5
p. 27
p. 34
p. 83
p. 106
p. 121
p. 138
p. 145
p. 148
p. 164
p. 172
p. 174
p. 185
p. 207
p. 216
p. 224
p. 254
p. 275
p. 311

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
2
T
U
V
Z
Acronime
Bibliografie

p. 313
p. 330
p. 335
p. 343
p. 345
p. 410

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
3

Dicionarul conine aproximativ 9.000 de cuvinte. El se adreseaz cercettorilor i


studenilor interesai deopotriv de matematic i de tiine inginereti cum ar fi
automatica, electronica, informatica, teoria sistemelor i controlului, mecanica sau alte
domenii conexe.

The dictionary includes approximately 9.000 words as well as a list of abbreviations.


It meets the needs of researchers and students interested
in mathematics and engineering disciplines such as automatics, electronics
information technology, systems and control theory, mechanics or other related fields.

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
4

Cuvnt nainte
Tinerii cercettori, studenii dar i cadrele didactice care abordeaz domeniul
termenilor tehnici si matematici sunt confruntai cu o multitudine de termeni noi, de
negsit n dicionarele clasice i cu inexistena unui dicionar de specialitate. Avnd n
vedere c marea majoritate a crilori lucrrilor tiinifice din domeniile ingineriei si
matematicii sunt publicate n limba englez, un astfel de dicionar este un instrument
util si necesar.
Pentru a oferi un instrument de lucru adecvat necesitilor cititorului unei
astfel de cri pe lng traducere a fost introdus n dicionari un scurt text explicativ,
n paranteze.
Dup fiecare termen din limba englez, s-a indicat categoria gramatical a
cuvintelor sau a sintagmelor corespunztoare din limba romn (s. = substantiv, vb. =
verb, adj. = adjectiv, adv. = adverb).
Apoi, abrevierile cu caractere italice din paranteze au indicat domeniul sau
domeniile care utilizeaz termenii respectivi. n cazul termenilor comuni mai multor
ramuri ale matematicii s-a utilizat abrevierea (mat).
Dac mai muli termeni au acelai corespondent n limba romn, doar unuia i
s-a atribuit traducerea, la ceilali termeni fiind indicat termenul tradus (ex: algebraic
complement = algebraic adjunct)
La sintagmele ce conin cuvinte comune, acestea au fost scrise o singur dat
iar cuvintele necomune au fost desprite prin semnul/ (ex: analogue computing/
computation). Diferitele variante n limba romn ale aceluiai termen din englez au
fost desprite prin punct i virgul iar traducerile din domenii diferite au fost
desprite de semnul // (ex: alternation s. (t g)alternan; alternare // (el)
semiund; semiperioad). La fiecare liter, dup lista de cuvinte a fost introdus o list
a celor mai uzitate abrevieri.
Dicionarul se adreseaz cercettorilor i studenilor interesai att de tehnica
general ct i de domenii conexe ca matematica, automatica sau electronica.
B. R.

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
5

Abrevieri

alg algebr
an analiz matematic
an num analiz numeric
arit aritmetic
aut automatic
c op cercetri operaionale
e difecuaiidifereniale
edpecuaii cu derivate pariale
el electronic; electrotehnic
geo geometrie
inf informatic; tiinainformaiei
l mat logic matematic
mat matematic
mec mecanic
st statistic matematic
t graf teoria grafurilor
t j teoria jocurilor
teletelecomunicaii
t g tehnic general
t mul teoria mulimilor
top topologie
t pr teoria probabilitilor
t sist teoria sistemelor

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
6

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
7
a suta parte dintr-un unghi drept (mat) grade
a treia parte (mat) tierce (tc.)
abate (a se) (mat) stray; deviate
abatere (de la valoarea medie) (mat, st) departure; deviation
abatere instantanee de reglaj (t sist, aut) instantaneous deviation of controlled
variable
abatere medie (t pr, st) average deviation; mean deviation
abatere medie liniar (st) mean (linear) deviation
abatere medie ptratic (mat) root deviation; root mean square deviation
abatere proporional (el, tele) offset
abatereproporional/ rezidual permanent (a unui regulator) (aut) droop
abatere rezidual (el, tele) drift
abscis (an, geo) abscissa (pl. abscissas/ abscisae); abscisse; x-coordinate
abscis curbilinie (mat) curvilinear abscissa
absolut (an) unconditioned
absolut continuu (an) absolutely continuous; totally continuous
absolut convergent (an) absolutely convergent
absurd (l mat) meaningless
absurditate (l mat) incongruity; meaninglessness
ac de palpare (aut, inf) feeler pin
ac indicator (t g) indicator
accelera (a) (t g) force
acceleraie (mec) acceleration
acceleraie centrifug (mec) centrifugal acceleration
accentuare (a amplitudinii unor semnale) (inf) emphasis (EMP)
acces (inf)availability
acces direct (localizare direct a informaiei ntr-o adres) (inf) direct access
acces direct la memorie (inf) direct memory access (DMA)
acces direct/ selectiv (localizare direct a informaiei prin intermediul unei adrese)
(inf) selective access
acces indirect (prin nregistrri care conin valorile adreselor) (inf) indirect
access
acces la informaie (inf)access
acces multiplu (capacitate a unui sistem de calcul de a accepta cereri de prelucrare
simultane prin intermediul mai multor terminale) (inf) multiaccess; multiple

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
8
access
acces multiplu cu divizare a spaiului (inf) space division multiple access
(SDMA)
acces multiplu cu separare a polarizrii (t sist) polarization division multiple
access (PDMA)
acces multiplu prin repartizarea codificat a canalelor de transmisie (inf) code
division multiple access
acces simultan (paralel) (inf) parallel access
accesibil (t sist, t g) reachable; accessible
accesibilitate (proprietatea unei stri a sistemului dinamic de se afla la captul
unei traiectorii care pleac din starea nul; proprietatea unui sistem dinamic de a
trece din starea iniial nul n orice stare ntr-un interval dat de timp; la sistemele
continue finit dimensionale este echivalent cu controlabilitatea) (t sist, inf, mat)
reachability, attainability, accessibility
accesibilitate local a sistemelor 2-D (t sist) localreachability of 2-D systems
accesorii (sistem monobloc/ autonom; instalaie autonom) (t g) packaged unit
accesoriu (t g) lateral
acepta (a) (o convorbire telefonic) (tele) collect
achiziionare (obinere a unui semnal identificabil) (inf) lock-on
acolad (mat) brace; curly bracket
acoperi (a) (el, tele) coat; overlap
acoperire (mat, t g) cover; overlapping
acorda (a) (t sist, aut) adjust
acordabil (t sist, aut) adjustable
acordare (t g) adjustment
acordare eronat (aut) misalignment
aciona (a) (t g) actuate; prove
acionare (t sist, aut) actuation
acionareautomat (aut, t sist) automatic drive
acionare a reglajului (aut, t sist) control drive
acionare electric (el, aut) electric control
acionare ntrziat (t g, t sist) time-lag (time-limit) delayed action; delay action
acionare/ reglare individual (aut, t sist) individual control
acionat electric (el) electrically operated
aciune (t g, t sist, e dif) action; effect

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
9
aciune (de reglare) prin derivare (aut) derivative controller (action)
aciune D (t sist, aut) response to the derivative; D action
aciune definit de o singur instruciune (de un singur element logic) (inf)
operation
aciune integral-diferenial (a unui element de automatizare) (aut) resetderivative/ differential action
aciune invers (t g) back action.
aciune mutual interaction
activare (a execuiei unei
secvene de cod sau a transferului informaiei) (inf) activation
activare a sarcinii (iniiere a continurii executrii unei sarcini pe calculator) (inf)
task activation
activitate (t g) working
activitate fictiv (termen folosit n programarea drumului critic) (t graf) dummy
activity
actualizare (a informaiei memorate pe un suport extern) (inf) updating
actualizare a unui fiier (inf) file updating
acumula (a) (inf, t g) store
acumulare (alg, an) cluster
acumulator (inf) data logger
acumulator de impulsuri (inf) impulse accumulator/ store
adapta (a) (t sist, aut) adapt; adjust; match
adaptabil (t sist, aut) adjustable
adaptabilitate software (capacitate de folosire a unor programe n cazul
schimbrii suportului sau a aplicaiei) (inf) software adaptability
adaptare (el, t g, mat) attachment; regulation; appliance
adaptare corect (aut, t sist) correct matching
adaptare de band larg (el) broadband matching
adaptare de echilibrare/ de egalizare (aut, t sist) balancing matching
adaptare prin bucl (aut, tele) loop matching
adaptor (aut, t g) adapter
adaptor de citire-perforare a cartelelor (inf) card reader punch adapter
adaptor de linie (dispozitiv care permite transmiterea datelor la distane mari fr
erori) (inf, tele) modem (data set)
adaptronic (el) electronics of adaptive systems

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
10
aduga (a) (mat) add; augment
aderent (top) adherent
aderen (an, t mul, alg, top)closure; adherence
adevr (l mat) truth; verity
adevrat (l mat, alg) true; real (R); valid
adezivitate (t g) bond
adiacent (geo) contiguous
adiacen (geo, mat) contiguity; adjacency
adic id est (lat. abbr. i.e.= that is)
aditiv (mat) additive
adjunct; adjunct (an) adjoint
adjunciona (a) (mat) adjoin
administrare (sistem informatic de) (inf) management
admis supposed
admisibil (mat, t sist) admissible; allowable
admite (a) (l mat)assume; let; suppose
admitere a ipotezei (mat) decision
adnotaie (mat) argument
adres a unui nod (numr care identific plcile unei reele de calculatoare) (inf)
node address
adres absolut/ direct/ real/ specific) (inf) specific address
adres calculat (obinut prin modificarea cmpului de adrese al unei
instruciuni n curs de execuie) (inf) computed address
adres cheie/ de baz (inf) key address
adres cu date (inf) data address
adres de apel (pentru un subprogram) (inf) call address
adres de baz (inf) presumptive address
adres de bloc (de date) (inf) blockaddress
adres de cuplare/ de nlnuire (la un sistem de memorare cu discuri) (inf)
chaining address
adres de lansare/ de intrare (inf) entry address
adres de rnd (cmp de intrare al unei matrice indexate care conine adresa din
memoria principal a unui bloc de date) (inf) row address
adres de revenire (adres de reluare a unui program ntrerupt) (inf) return
address

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
11
adres denaturat/ nevalabil (inf) invalid address
adres din memoria principal. (inf) specific address
adres direct (care permite localizarea imediat a unei zone de memorie) (inf)
first-level address
adres efectiv/ real (rezultat prin modificarea unei instruciuni n curs de
executare) (inf) effective address
adres fictiv (inf) dummy
adres final/ limit (n programare) (inf, el) limit
adres flotant/ simbolic (ir de simboluri care indic poziia unei zone n cadrul
unui program) (inf) symbolic address
adres iniial (inf) datum
adres (de) main/ (de) calculator/ permanent (inf) machine address;
address (ADR); memory location
adres multipl (inf) multiaddress; multiple address
adres originar/ intern/ local (inf) home address
adres prescurtat/ scurt (inf) registered address
adres real/ direct/ absolut/ specific (adres din memoria principal) (inf)
real/ direct/ absolute/ specific address
adres regional (parte a unei adrese care indic apartenena acesteia la un anumit
set de adrese ale unei anumite regiuni a memoriei) (inf) regional address
adres relativ/ flotant (inf) relative/ floating address
adres rezultant (inf) target address
adres unic (sistem de instruciuni n care fiecare cuprinde o operaiei include
un loc n memorie) (inf) single address
adres variabil/ indexat (construcie care reprezint ntr-un limbaj de
programare valoarea unei date) (inf) indexed address; variable
adres virtual (adres relativ care trebuie convertit pentru a se obine adresa
dorit,referitoare la o locaie special din memoria principal) (inf) virtual
address
adresabil (inf) accessible
adresare/ selecionare a unui bit (inf) bit location
adresare bazat (obinut prin adugarea la adresa efectiv a unei adrese de baz)
(inf) based addressing
adresare indexat/ pe baza unei adrese calculate (n cadrul unui program) (inf)
indexed addressing

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
12
adresare ntreesut (inf) interleaving
adresare mixt (metod de identificare a unei zone de memorie prin tehnici de
adresare indexat, indirect i relativ) (inf) mixed addressing
adresare relativ (localizare prin adunarea la adresa efectiv relativ a unei adrese
de baz) (inf) relative addressing
adrese ale datelor n lan (inf) chain data address (CDA)
aduce (a) fracii la acelai numitor (arit) reduce fractions to a common
denominator
aduce (a) la zero (aut) clear; zero
aducere (la acelai numitor) (mat, mec) reduction
aduna (a se) (t g) build-up
aduna (a) (t graf, arit, inf, an num) sum; sum up; total; add; cast up
adunare (mat, t g) addition; composition
adunare modulo m (alg) addition modulo m
adunare vectorial (geo, alg) vector addition
adversar (t j) opponent
afar (t g) out
afar de (t g) except
afectare (t sist, inf) assignment
afin (geo)affine
afinitate (geo) affinity
afirma (a) (t sist, t g, mat) state; assert
afirmaie (l mat) sentence
afirmaie reciproc (mat) converse
afiare (prezentare a datelor sub form de caractere) (inf, aut) read-out; display;
data display/ presentation
afla (a se) lie
afla (a) discover
aglomera (a) (mat) aggregate
aglomera (a se) (mat, t g) ball.
agregare (operaie asupra variabilelor unui sistem pentru a-i reduce ordinul; la
sistemele liniare se obine cu ajutorul unei matrice de tranziie) (t sist)
aggregation
ajunge (a) reach
ajunge (a) la attain

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
13
ajusta (a) (t sist, aut, t g) adapt; adjust; regulate
ajustabil (t sist, aut) adjustable
ajustare (t sist, aut, st) adjustment; graduation
ajustare/ trasareprin puncte (despre o curb) (mat) fitting
ajuttor (l mat) subsidiary
altura (a) associate
alb (t g) blank
alctui (a) (t g) build-up
aleatoriu (la ntmplare) (t pr) haphazard; aleatory; random
alegere (an) choice
ales (st) select; selected
alfabet/ cod alfabetic de intrare (inf) input alphabet
alfabet pentru calculator/ main; alfabet de main (inf) machine alphabet
algebr Banach/ normat (alg) normed ring; Banach algebra
algebr boolean (alg) Boolean algebra
algebr central/ normal (alg) central algebra
algebr comutativ (alg) commutative algebra
algebr cu anulator (alg) annihilator algebra
algebra cuaternionilor (alg) quaternion algebra
algebr liniar (alg) linear algebra
algebr liniar-topologic (alg, top) linearly topological algebra
algebr matricial (alg) matrix algebra/ computation
algebr omologic (alg) homological algebra
algebra schemelor de comutaie (l mat) switching algebra
algebr simetric (alg) symmetric algebra
algebr superioar (alg) higher algebra
algebr tensorial (geo) tensor algebra
algebr universal (alg) universal algebra
algebr vectorial (geo, alg) vector algebra
algoritm (inf, an num, mat) algorithm; decision method/ procedure
algoritm de bisectare (prin njumtirea sistematic a intervalului de calcul) (an
num) bisection algorithm
algoritm de planificare (a resurselor unui sistem de calcul) (inf) scheduling
algorithm
algoritm numeric (succesiune de operaii aritmetice avnd un rezultat numeric)

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Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
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(inf) numerical algorithm
algoritmorientat spre un anumit tip de calculator (inf) computer-oriented
algorithm
algoritm recursiv (care coninepai ce foreaz executarea lui complet) (inf)
recursive algorithm
algoritm simbolic (formulat folosind o notaie accesibil unui procesor) (inf)
symbolic algorithm
algoritm simplex (inf) simplex algorithm
algoritmic (inf, an num) algorithmic (al)
algoritmizabil (an num, inf, mat) calculable
algoritmul lui Euclid (alg) Euclidean algorithm
alimenta (a) (t sist, aut, t g) feed through; feed; burden
alimentare (t g, aut) feed; feeding; supply; input; loading
alimentare coloan cu coloan (inf) serial feed
alimentator auxiliar/ de rezerv (inf) backing memory/ storage/ store
aliniat (el) in-line
alinierea dou numere binare (inf) alignment, alinement
aloca (a) (t sist, mat) assign; allocate
alocare (t sist) assignment; allocation // (inf) storage allocation
alocare optim (inf) optimizing
alocare/ atribuirea resurselor (unui sistem de calcul) (inf) resource allocation
alocarea valorilor proprii (determinarea unei reacii dup stare astfel nct
sistemul n bucl nchis s aib valori proprii prestabilite) (t sist) eigenvalue
assignment; pole assignment
alonj (aut, t g) adapter
alterare alteration
alternant (alg, an) alternating; alternant
alternan (tg) alternation
alternare (el) alternation; succession
alternat (alg, an) alternating
alternativ; alternat; alternant (alg, an) alternating
aluneca (a) (t g) slide
alunecare (geo) sliding
alungire (mec) elongation; stretch (ing)
alungit (geo) prolate

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
15
ambala (a) (t g) package
ambalaj (t g) packing
ambalare (t g) packing
amenajare (t g) appliance
amestec (t g) blend
amestecare (t g) blending
amorf (t g) structureless
amors (ansamblu de instruciuni de ncrcare) (inf) bootstrap
amorsare (a unui generator autoexcitat) (el) build-up; firing
amorsare a unui fenomen tranzitoriu (el) building-up transient process
amortiza (a) (tg) amortize
amortizare (t g, t sist, aut, mec, tele, el) amortization; damp; damping; loss
amortizare a vibraiilor (mec) vibration damping
amortizare slab (e dif) underdamping
amortizat (t sist, mec) damped
amortizor (el, mec, t g) buffer; damping spring; damper
amortizor-tampon (t g) buffer
amplasa (a) (t g) locate
amplasament (t g) location
amplasare n memorie (inf) storage location
amplifica (a) (inf, t g) amplify
amplificare (a unei fracii ordinare) (mat, mec) reduction
amplificare (a unui semnal) (el, tele) boost
amplificare (inf, t sist) amplification; gain
amplificare a calitii semnalului (t sist) enhancement
amplificare a unei fracii (alg) multiplication of two terms of a fraction
amplificare a unei fracii ordinare (arit) changing the fraction to higher terms
amplificare n bucl deschis (amplificare ntr-un sistem fr reacie) (t sist)
open-loop gain
amplificare n bucl nchis (amplificarea unui sistem cu reacie negativ) (t sist)
closed-loop gain
amplificare stabil maximal (t sist, aut) maximum stable gain (MSG)
amplificator (inf, el) amplifier; amplifier element; enhancer
amplificator cu contrareacie/ cu reacie negativ (t sist, aut,el) negativefeedback amplifier; degenerative amplifier

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Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
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amplificator cu deriv extrem de mic (el) ultralow drift amplifier
amplificator cu regulator dinamic (aut) compression amplifier
amplificator cu zgomot redus (t sist, aut) low noise amplifier (LNA)
amplificator de band (el) band amplifier
amplificator de curent continuu cu ntreruptor periodic (el) chopper amplifier
amplificator de date/ informaii (inf) data amplifier
amplificator de nalt fidelitate (ultraliniar) (el) ultralinear amplifier
amplificator de tergere (a memoriei) (inf) erase driver
amplificator diferenial (inf) comparator
amplificator electronic (inf) bootstrap
amplificator numeric (al crui nivel de ieire variaz n trepte discrete n funcie
de semnalele de comand) (aut, el) digital amplifier
amplificator operaional (aut) computing amplifier
amplificator suplimentar (el) booster amplifier
amplificator trece-tot (aut, t sist) all pass amplifier
amplitudine (an, e dif, tele) amplitude; swing; volume
amplitudine a vibraiei (el, mec) amplitude of vibration
amplitudinea unei unde (edp, mec) wave amplitude
analist (inf) file designer
analist de sisteme (de calcul) (specialist n analizarea i evaluarea sistemelor
informaionale/ informatice) (inf) computer analyst
analitic (mat) analytic (al); analytically
analiticitate (an) analyticity
analiza (a) analyse; analyze
analiza imaginii (extragerea informaieiconinute ntr-o imagine cu ajutorul
calculatorului) (inf) image analysis
analiza n domeniul timp (tehnic de simulare care permite anticiparea
rspunsului sistemului ntr-un interval de timp specificat) (t sist) time domain
analysis
analiza timp frecven (metod de analiz a semnalelor care studiaz
proprietilefrecvenei ca funcie de timp) (t sist) time frequency analysis
analizator (dispozitiv de baleiaj a elementelor imaginii) (el) analyser; analyzer
analiz (inf) sensing
analiz a erorilor (inf) error analysis
analiz a formelor/ caracteristicilor (unei baze de date) (inf) pattern analysis

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analiz a informaiei (atribuire de indicatori pentru fiecare obiect memorat) (inf)
information analysis
analiz armonic (an) harmonic analysis; harmonic expansion
analiz de sistem (e) (inf) system analysis
analiz extins timp frecven (tehnici bazate pe diverse transformri pentru a
reprezenta semnalele simultan n domeniile timp ifrecven) (t sist) joint time
frequency analysis (JTFA)
analiz factorial (an, st) component analysis; factor analysis
analiz Fourier (an, e dif) Fourier analysis
analiz funcional (an) functional analysis
analiz lexical (faz a compilrii constndn transformarea caracterelor n
simboluri) (inf) lexical analysis
analiz matematic (an) calculus (pl. calculuses/ calculi); mathematical analysis
analiz numeric (an num) numerical analysis
analiz i clasificare a informaiilor/ a imaginilor (inf) pattern recognition
analiz sintactic (a doua faz a unui
proces de compilare n care sunt verificai atomii formai n faza de analiz
lexicografic) (inf) syntax analysis
analiz spectral (an) spectral analysis
analiz statistic. (st) statistical analysis
analiz tensorial (geo) tensor analysis
analiz vectorial (geo, an) vector analysis
analizor (dispozitiv de explorare a elementelor imaginii) (el, tele) analyser;
analyzer; sampler
analizor de elemente finite (n proiectarea asistat de calculator) (inf, an num)
finite element analyser
analizor de reele (model pentru studierea funciilorreelelor cu ajutorul
calculatoarelor analogice) (inf) network analyser
analog (similar) (l mat, inf) analogic; analogous; analogue
analogie analogy
anarmonic (geo) anharmonic
anclana (a) (el) connect in; turn on
anclanare (el) closing; switching in; switching on
anexa (a) associate
angaja (a) engage

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angrena (a) engage
angrenaj intermediar (pentru mers napoi) (t graf) back gear
angrenat (t g) engaged
anomalie (an, e dif, geo, t g) amplitude; polar angle; disturbance; disturbancy
ansamblist (t mul) set-theoretic (al)
ansamblu (t mul) ensemble
ansamblu de reglare (aut) control unit
ansamblu al operaiilor de gestiune intern care nu fac parte din prelucrare (inf)
housekeeping
ansamblu de cinci elemente (arit) quintuple
ansamblu de circuit imprimat (el) circuit board assembly (CBA)
ansamblu de circuite (el) circuitry
ansamblu de module-program ale sistemului de operare (inf) monitor
ansamblu de rutine (programe care realizeaz interfaa dintre utilizator i
sistemul de calcul) (inf) operating system (OS)
ansamblu de tehnici referitoare la semnale-imagine (t sist, tele) imagery
ansamblu de tehnologii media (care opereaz mpreun pentru achiziionarea,
prelucrarea i redarea informaiilor provenite de la diferite medii text, grafic,
sunet, imagine, animaie) (inf) multimedia
ansamblu regulator (de reglare automat) (aut) regulating assembly
anterior previous
anticipare (t sist, aut) response to the derivative; lead
anticoinciden (funcia logica SAU-EXCLUSIV (inf) ANTICOINCIDENCE
antihermitic (alg) skew-Hermitian
antimemorie (memorie intermediar de nalt performan care comunic cu
microprocesorul mai direct dect memoria intern) (inf) cache memory
antiorar (care este orientat n sens contrar mersului acelor unui ceasornic) (geo)
sinistrorse; left-handed
antisimetric (alg, geo, mat) skew-symmetric; antisymmetric
antisimetrie (alg, geo) skew symmetry; skewness; antisymmetry
antitensor (geo) antitensor
antrena (a) (mat, t g) involve; carry-over; carry-forward
antrenare a cartelei (inf) card drive
anula (a se) (a fi egal cu zero) (alg, an) vanish; cancel out
anula (a) (alg, t g) annihilate; nullify; delete

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anula (a) (coninutul unui registru; o funcie comandat anterior) (inf, mat)
cancel
anulare (inf, mat) cancellation
anulator (alg) annihilator
anun notice (not.)
anvelop liniar (geo, alg) span
aparat (t g) instrument; device; apparatus
aparatadaptor (t g) preset
aparat alimentat de la baterie (el) battery-powered instrument
aparat cu citire direct (aut) direct-reading instrument
aparat de calculat (inf) computing equipment
aparat de comand (t sist, aut) controller; director
aparat de control (organ sau dispozitiv de comand) (aut, t sist) control device
aparat de msur (t g) measuring apparatus
aparat de proiecie (geo, t g) projector
aparat de reglaj diferenial (aparat de reglare a crui funcionare este comandat
de o diferen ntre dou valori ale mrimii reglate) (t sist, aut) differential
controller
aparat de reglare/ de control (t g) monitor
aparat indicator (aut) indicator
aparataj (t g) apparatus
aparataj de reglare i comand (aut, t sist) director devices
aparatur/ instalaiede prelucrare (aut) processor
aparent seeming
apariie (mat) emergence
apartenen (t mul) membership
aparine (a) (mat) belong
apsare (t g) bearing
apel (inf) address (ADR); call-in
apel/ cerere de informaii (inf) inquiry call
apelare (a unui subprogram) (inf) call
apelare prin adres (prin comunicarea adreselor locaiilor de memorie) (inf) call
by address
apelare prin nume (prin substituia textual a tuturor apariiilor unui parametru
formal) (inf) call by name

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apelare prin valoare (prin copierea valorii unui parametru) (inf) call by value
apelare/ cutare a unui ir de instruciuni (inf) fetching
aperiodic (mat, mec, t sist, el) aperiodic; dead-beat; damped
aperiodicitate (mat, mec) aperiodicity
apex (geo) apex, pl. apexes/ apices
aplatizare (geo, t g, aut, t sist, st) flattening; smoothing
aplica (a) (el, tele, an, alg, geo) coat; transform
aplicabil (desfurabil; izometric; superpozabil) (geo) applicable
aplicabilitate (geo) applicability
aplicare (mat, tg) application
aplicaia intrare-ieire (t sist) input-output map
aplicaie (an, alg, mat, t g) transformation; map; mapping; application
aplicaie banal (an) constant map
aplicaie bijectiv (an) bijection
aplicaie care las aria invariant (an) equiareal mapping
aplicaie cu auto-organizare (reea neuronal care transform un semnal de
intrare multidimensional ntr-o aplicaie 1-D sau 2-D) (t sist) self organizing
map (SOM)
aplicaie cu norm invariant (aplicaie care pstreaz norma) (alg) normpreserving mapping
aplicaie deschis (an) open mapping
aplicaie/ funcie identic (an) identity function
aplicaie homomorf (alg) homomorphous mapping
aplicaie identic (t mul) identity map
aplicaie n (mat) map into
aplicaie injectiv (alg) univalent mapping
aplicaie injectiv i surjectiv (an) bijection
aplicaie intrinsec pentru reea (program special proiectat pentru a rula numai
pe calculatoare conectate n reea) (inf) network intrinsic application
aplicaie pe (mat) map onto
aplicaie pentru reea (aplicaie care poate fi rulat pe calculatoare legate n reeai
la care pot avea acces mai muli utilizatori) (inf) network application; network
aware application
aplicaie regulat (an) regular map
aplicaie/ reprezentare biunivoc (alg, an) one-to-one mapping

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aplicaie simplicial (top) simplicial map
aplicaie tolerat de reea (program care poate fi rulat pe o reea de calculatoare
fr a beneficia de avantajele resurselor acesteia) (inf) network tolerant
application
aplicaie univoc (an) single-valued mapping
aplicaii (ale calculatoarelor) n timp real (n timpul desfurrii procesului) (inf)
real time applications
apotem (geo) apothem; short radius
apreciere (calcul; evaluare) (mat, an num) account; evaluation
aprindere (t g) firing
aprindere invers (el) backfire
aproape quasi; almost
aproape periodic (e dif, an) quasi-periodic; almost periodic
aproape peste tot (an) almost everywhere (a.e.)
aproape prim (numr) (mat) almost-prime
apropiat close
apropiat de (an num) approximate
aprovizionare (t g) supply
aproxima (a) (an num) approximate
aproximare asimptotic (t sist, mat) asymptotic approximation
aproximare Cebev/ uniform (an) Chebyshev approximation
aproximaie (mat) approximation
aproximaie stocastic (st) stochastic approximation
aproximaii succesive (alg, e dif) successive approximations
aproximativ (an num) approximate
aranja (a) (el, inf, tele, t g) range; adjust
aranja (a) n form de tabel (inf, mat) tab
aranjament (alg, st, an, mec) variation; permutation
aranjare (t g) adjustment
aranjare a datelor (transformare a irurilor de date ntr-o form convenabil) (inf)
data reduction
aranjare ntmpltoare (aut, inf, t pr) (ordine a factorilor aleatorii)
randomization
arta (a) (t g, mat) indicate; show
arbitrar (mat) arbitrary

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arbore (top, t graf) tree
arbore binar (ordonat de ordinul 2) (inf, t graf) binary tree
arbore binar de cutare (care satisface anumite condiii pentru orice nod
neterminal) (inf) binary search tree
arbore cu mai multe ci/ de ordin mai mare dect 2 (inf) multiway tree
arbore optim de cutare (arbore binar de cutare al crui cost este minim) (t graf)
optimal search tree
arbore ordonat (n care ramurile ce pleac din fiecare nod sunt ordonate) (t graf)
ordered tree
arborescent (mat) dendritic
arc (mec, t g) spring; bow
arc de amortizare (el) damping spring
arc de cerc (geo) circular arc; circular curve; arc of circle; segment of (a) circle
arc invers (el) backfire
arc simplu. (geo) simple arc
arccosecant (an) inverse cosecant
arccosinus (an) inverse cosine
arccotangent (an) inverse cotangent
arcsecant (an) inverse secant
arcsinus (an) inverse sine
arctangent (an) inverse tangent
arde (a se) (t g) burn out
ardere (t g) firing
areolar (an) areolar
argument (an, e dif) amplitude; independent variable
argument al unei funcii; argument al unei funcionale (mat) argument
argument al unui numr complex (mat) amplitude of a complex number
argument eronat (l mat) fallacious argument
argumentare (mat) proof
argumentul dependenei cauzale cause variable
arhitectur a unei reele (aranjament al nodurilor i al circuitelor unei reele de
comunicaii) (inf, tele) network architecture
arhitectur paralel Sun (proiectare a unui calculator ntr-o structur eficient
prin optimizarea setului de instruciuni ca urmare a analizei statistice a folosirii
acestuia) (inf) Sun parallel architecture (SPARC)

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arhiv (de date) (inf) cache; files; file
aria unei suprafee (geo) area of a surface; surface area
arie (geo) area
arie a unei seciuni (transversale) (geo) sectional area
arie elementar (geo) element of area
arie lateral (geo) lateral area
aritmetic (arit) numeral
aritmetic a sistemului de calcul (mod de efectuare a operaiilor aritmetice ntr-un
sistem de calcul numeric) (inf) computer system aritmetic
aritmetic n virgul fix (inf) fixed-point arithmetic
armtur (de condensator) (el, tele, t g) coat; casing; hardware
armonic sinusoidal
armonic (an, edp) harmonic
arpentor (geo) surveyor
articol al unei nregistrri (inf) item
aruncare (t g) throw
asambla (a) (t g) fasten; mount
asamblare (t g) fitting
asamblare pachet (proces de formare a unui pachet dintr-un mesaj) (inf) packet
assembly
ascendent (mat) ascendand; ascending
achie de siliciu microelectronic (el) chip
asemnare (geo, mat) similarity; similitude; likeness
asemnarea Tanimoto (definit pentru vectorii x i y de formula

ST

( x, y)
, unde (x,y) este produsul scalar) (an, alg) Tanimoto
( x, x) ( y, y) ( x, y)

similarity
asemenea (geo) similar; like
aseriune (l mat, inf) statement; assertion
aservit (aut) locked
aezare (a datelor n memorie n funcie de lungime) (inf) alignment, alinement
asignare (t sist, inf) assignment
asimetric (geo, alg, mat, st, t g) skewed; non-symmetric (al); out-of-balance
asimetrie (geo, alg, t g, mat) skewness; unsymmetry; asymmetry; dissymmetry

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asimptota locului rdcinilor (t sist) asymptote of root locus
asimptot oblic (an) inclined asymptote
asimptot vertical (an, geo) vertical asymptote
asimptot (geo) asymptote
asimptotic stabil (t sist, e dif) asymptotically stable
asimptotic stabil n mare (proprietatea unui sistem dinamic stabil al crui
domeniu de atracie este tot spaiul) (t sist) asymptotically stable in the large
asimptotic. (t sist, mat) asymptotic (al)
asistat/ ajutat de calculator (inf) computer backed/ based
asistat () de calculator (inf) computer-aided/ assisted
asisten grafic a programrii (metod de corectare a unui program direct pe
imaginea monitorizat) (inf) graphical programming aids
asocia (a) (t sist, mat) assign; associate; adjoin
asociat associate
asociat (adj) (an) adjoint
asociativ (mat) associative
asociativitate (mat) associativity
aspect (mat, mec, t g, inf) form
ateptare (mat, t pr) expectation; waiting
asterisc (mat) star
astroid (geo) four-cusped hypocycloid; tetracuspid
asimptotic (t sist, mat) asymptotically
atrna (a) (t g) hang up
ataa (a) associate
atenuare (t sist, el, tele) damp; loss; attenuation
atenuare a unui filtru (el) attenuation in the pass range
atenuaredatorit adaptrii echilibrrii (el, aut) matching attenuation
atenuare de distorsiune (tele, t sist) correction of non-linear harmonic distorsion
atenuat (t sist, mec) damped
atenuator (aut, t sist, el) damping element; damping gyro regulator; damper
atinge (a) attain; reach
atingere (geo, an) contact
atom lexical (inf) token
atribui (a) (t sist, mat) assign
atribuire (identificare, asociere) de tipuri (n limbaj FORTRAN) (inf) type

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association
atribuire (t sist, inf) assignment
atribuire a unei litere (pentru o anumit cale a unui disc) (inf) mapping
augmenta (a) augment
autoadjunct (e dif) self-adjoined; self-adjoint
autoconjugat (geo, alg) self-conjugate
autocontact (geo) self-contact
autocontrol (t sist, aut) feedback
autodual (l mat, geo, alg) self-dual; autodual
autodualitate (alg) autoduality
autoechilibrare (aut) hunting
autoiniializare (corectare a funcionrii defectuoase a unor dispozitive de calcul)
(inf) self-clearing
automat (aut, inf) automatic (al); automaton (pl. automata; automatons)
automat celular (reea de automate finite interconectate; sistem compus din mai
multe celule discrete) (aut, t sist) cellular automaton
automat de decodificare (inf, t sist) decoding automaton
automat finit (automat definit prin mulimi finite nevide ale intrrilor, strilor
iieirilor) (t sist, inf) finite automaton
automat nedeterminist (automat finit pentru care starea urmtoare nu este
complet determinat de cea curent) (l mat) nondeterministic automaton
automat programabil (care primete la intrare informaii pe care le prelucreaz
iinformaii privind algoritmul de prelucrare) (inf) programmable automaton
automat secvenial (inf) sequential automaton
automatic (aut, inf) automatics; control engineering
automatiza (a) (aut) automate; automatize
automatizare a proiectrii (utilizare a calculatoarelor n toate fazele proiectrii)
(inf) design automation
automorfism (alg) automorphism
automorfism interior (alg) interior automorphism
automorfism laticial/ structural (alg) lattice automorphism
autonom (t sist) autonomous
autooscilant (e dif, inf) self-vibrating; self-oscillating
autooscilaie (e dif, edp) auto-oscillation
autoparalel. (geo) self-parallel

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autopolar (geo) self polar; autopolar
autoprogramator (aut, inf) generating program (me); compiler; program (m)ing;
program (me)
autoreacie (aut, t sist) inherent feed-back
autoreglare (aut, t sist) inherent regulation; inherent stability
autoregulator (aut) autocontrol unit
autosupravegheat (dispozitiv cuprinznd propriile sale elemente de control) (inf)
computer-supervised
autotangent (geo) self-tangency
autotestare (testare automat a performanelor unui echipament de calcul) (inf)
self-testing
auxiliar (el, l mat, mat) stand-by; standby (SBY); temporary; subsidiary; lateral;
stray
avans (t g) feeding
avans de faz (el) leading; lead
avansa (a) (t g) lead; feed
avansare (t g) feeding; movement
avarie (el, t g, inf) outcome; damage; breakdown; fault; emergency; failure
avea (a) loc (t g) occur
avertisment notice (not.)
ax (t g) beam
axa absciselor (geo) x-line
axa imaginar (an) axis of imaginaries; imaginary axis
axa mare a unei elipse (geo) major axis of an ellipse
axa mare a unui elipsoid (geo) major axis of an ellipsoid
axa mic a unei elipse (geo) minor axis of an ellipse
axa mic a unui elipsoid (geo) minor axis of an ellipsoid
axa mijlocie (a unui elipsoid) (geo) mean axis
axa numerelor reale (an) real-number axis
axa ordonatelor; axa Oy (geo) axis of ordinates; y-axis
axa Ox (geo) axis of abscissas; x-axis; abscisse axis; abscissa line
axa real (an) axis of reals; real axis
axa timpului (edp, inf) time axis
axa transvers (a unei hiperbole) (geo) transverse axis
axa z (geo) z-axis

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ax (mat, geo) axis (pl. axes); centre line
ax centroid/ prin centrul de greutate (geo) centroidal
ax de coordonate (geo) reference axis; axis of coordinates; coordinate axis
ax de revoluie (geo, mec) axis of revolution
ax de rotaie (geo, mec) rotational axis; axis ofrotation
ax de simetrie (geo) line of symmetry; axis of symmetry; symmetry axis
ax orizontal (geo) horizontal axis
ax radical (geo) radical axis
ax transversal (mat) cross axis; transversal axis
axe rectangulare (geo) rectangular axes
axiom (l mat) axiom; postulate
axiom a substituiei (t mul) exchange axiom
axiom de ordine (an) ordering axiom
axioma paralelelor (geo) parallel axiom; parallel postulate
axiomatic (l mat) axiomatic (al)
axiome de separare (top) separation axioms
axiomele lui Peano (an) Peano's axioms
axonometrie (geo) perspective geometry
azimut (geo) polar angle

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bac (el) can
bait (inf) eight-bit/ byte (character)
balansa (a) balance out
balansier (t g) balanced lever
balan (cntar; contragreutate) (t g) balance
baleiaj (el, tele, aut) scan
balizaj (electromagnetic) (el, tele) beaconage
banal trivial
banc de date (mulime de date dintr-un domeniu definit stocate organizat) (inf)
data bank
banc de date pentru componente (inf) component data bank
banda lui Mbius (geo, an) Mbius strip; cross-cap
band (el, inf, tele, geo, e dif) band; range; strip
band/ fiier de modificri (inf) change file
band caracteristic de trecere (a unui filtru) (aut, tele) frequency characteristic
band cu programele sistemului. (inf) system tape
band de atenuare a unui filtru (domeniu de oprire al filtrului) (t g) filter
attenuation band
band de control (tele) control slip; home record
band de energie (el) band
band de frecvene (el, tele, t sist) frequency range; spectrum (pl. spectra)
band de nregistrare (aut) record (rec.)
band de insensibilitate (interval al domeniului de operare al unui sistem de
comand n care nu se produc modificri ale ieirilor) (t sist) dead band
band de transparen (a unui filtru) (el) bandwidth
band de trecere (t sist, el) passband; band-pass width
band larg (el) broadband
band perforat (inf) paper band/ strip/ tape
band proporionalproprie/ intrinsec/ intern (aut) inherent proportional
band
band spectral. (an) spectral band
band/ domeniu de perturbaii (aut) disturbance band/ range
banderol (t g) band
bara (a) bar
bar (mat, t g) line segment; bar

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bar de fracie (mat) slash
bar de stare (linie cu informaii care apare n subsolul unei ferestre sau pe ultima
linie a ecranului) (inf) status bar
bare colectoare (el) bus
bascula (a) (inf, tele) flip
bascul bistabil (el) bistable circuit
baterie electric (surs chimic de alimentare n curent continuu) (el) battery
(B, bat., batt.)
baud (unitate de vitez pas cu pas i de capacitate a canalelor de informaie) (inf)
baud
bazortogonal (alg) orthogonal basis
baza logaritmului (alg) logarithmic base
baza unei puteri (arit, alg) radix (pl. radices; radixes)
baza unui sistem de logaritmi (arit, alg) radix (pl. radices; radixes)
baza unui sistem de numeraie (arit, alg) radix (pl. radices; radixes)
baz (fundament) (t g, alg, l mat, aut, mat) // (margine inferioar a unei benzi de
energie) (el) bottom; ground; foundation; basis (pl. bases); matrix; base
baz aunui spaiu vectorial (alg) basis of a vector space
baz a unui sistem de numeraie (arit) number base
baz de date (mulime organizat de date referitoare la un set anumit de aplicaii)
(inf) data base
baz de date distribuit (set de fiiere plasate n nodurile unei reele a unui sistem
informatic distribuit) (inf) distributed data base
baz de filtru (top) filter base
baz de timp (la oscilografe) (el) time base
baz dual (mat) dual basis
baze de proiectare design fundamentals
bazin de atracie (domeniul din spaiul strilor din care sistemul dinamic se
deplaseaz asimptotic spre un anumit atractor) (t sist) basin of attraction
biafin (geo) biaffine
biarmonic (geo) biharmonic
biaxial (cu dou axe) (geo) biaxial; diaxial
bibliotec (inf) library
bibliotec de programe (colecie organizat de programe exprimate
ntr-un format direct executabil) (inf) program (me) library

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bibliotec de rutine (ansamblu de rutine standard testate) (inf) routine library;
subroutine library
bibliotec de subprograme (inf) subroutine library; routine library
bibliotec-program (program aparinnd unei biblioteci de program) (inf)
library program (me)
bicuaternion (alg) biquaternion
bidimensional (n dou dimensiuni; cu dou variabile) (t sist, mat) twodimensional; bidimensional (2-D) // (an) bivariate
bidimensionalitate (mat) bidimensionality
bidual (alg) bidual
bidualitate (alg) biduality
bifurca (a se) (mat, inf, t g) bifurcate; fork; branch
bifurcat (mat) bifurcate
bifurcaie (an, mat) // (ramificaie; derivaie) (t g) branch; branching, branching
off; bifurcation
bijecie (an) bijection
bijectiv (an) bijective
bil (geo, an, top, mat, t g) solid sphere, ball
bilateral (geo, mec, mat) two-sided; bilateral
bilateral continuu (an) bicontinuous
bilateral; bidirecional (cu dou direcii) two-way
biliniar (alg, geo) bilinear
biliniaritate (alg, geo) bilinearity
bimodul (alg) bimodule
binar (inf, mat) binary; dyadic
bine ordonat (t mul) normally ordered, well-ordered
bine scufundat (top) tamely imbedded
binistor (el) (element semiconductor) binistor
binom (care are doi termeni) (alg) two-term (ed); binomial; binom
binomul lui Newton (alg) binomial theorem
binormal (geo) binormal
bioelectronic (el) biomedical electronics
biolomorf (an) biholomorphic
bionic/ bioelectronic (el) bionics/ bioelectronics
biortogonal (an, geo) biorthogonal

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biortogonalizare (an, alg) biorthogonalization
biortonormalizare (an, alg) biorthonormalization
biptrat (alg) biquadratic (equation)
bipolar (top) bipolar
biraport (an) cross ratio; anharmonic ratio; double ratio
biraional (an, alg) birational
birectangular (cu dou unghiuri drepte) (geo) birectangular
bisecta (a) (a mpri n dou; a njumti; a seciona) bisect
bisectoare (a unui unghi) bisector (of an angle)
bisectoare (geo) mean line; bisectrix (pl. bisectrices)
bistabil (element cu dou stri stabile) (el) bistable
bit (cifr binar; unitate binar de informaie; unitate de informaie n sistemul
binar) (inf, mat, aut) bit; binit
bit cel mai semnificativ/ aflat la extrema stng a unui ir binar (valoare maxim
a unei date prelucrate ntr-un program de calculator) (inf) most significant bit
(MSB)
bit de control/ de paritate (inf) check bit
bit de memorie (inf) memory bit
bitangent (geo) bitangent
bii pe ol (unitate de densitate a informaiei) (inf) bit per inch (BPI)
biunivoc (mat) biunique
bivector (geo) bivector
blanc (aut, inf) blank
bloc/ unitate de comand (a unui calculator numeric) (inf) control section
bloc de caractere (care permit reluarea unei comenzi numerice) (inf) reference
block
bloc de comand/ de reglare (aut, t sist) control assembly
bloc de comparare a datelor (inf) data comparator
bloc de control al sarcinii (zon de date a unei sarcini n care sunt memorate
informaii utile sistemului de operare) (inf) task control block (TCB)
bloc de date (zon a unui program care concentreaz datele utilizate n cadrul
acestuia) (inf) data block
bloc de nalt frecven electronics
bloc de nceput (inf) header/ heading block
bloc de informaii (zon a unui program) (inf) block of information

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bloc de nregistrare (grup de date constituind o unitate vehiculat ntre memoria
calculatorului i un echipament periferic) (inf) record block
bloc de instruciuni (inf) block of instructions
bloc de reeaal unui calculator (inf) computer power pack
bloc funcional (al unui ansamblu electronic) (el) function (al) unit
bloc variabil (zon a memoriei a crei lungime variaz n funcie de cerinele
datelor) (inf) variable block
bloc/ zon a unui program (inf) program (me) block
blocare (asamblare n blocuri; oprire; mpiedicare) (t g) // (nmagazinare/ reinere
a informaiei) (inf) shut down; blocking; holding
blocare a cartelelor (inf) card jam
blocare a memoriei (inf) file interlock
blocat (aut) locked
bobin (t g, el) // rol/ rulou (de band) (inf) coil
bobin de comand/ reglare (aut) control coil
bolt (geo, t g) vault
bomba (a) (t g) bulge
bord (cadru) (t g) // bord (margine; frontier; limit (mat) border
bordare (ncadrare) (alg) bordering
bordat (limitat; mrginit) bordered
bordur (t g) enclosure
born (el) hub; marker
born (margine) (an) // (grani; limit) (t g) bound
born de legare la pmnt (el) earth clip; earthing terminal
bornologic (top) bornological
brachet (t g) bracket
brahistocron (traiectorie pe care un corp ce se deplaseaz ntre dou puncte sub
aciuneagravitaiei realizeaz timpul minim) (mec, e dif) brachistochrone
bra (t g) bracket; branch
bra de compas (geo) leg
brar (mec) collar
brid (t g) carrier
bruiat (aut, t sist) disturbed
bucl (repetare a unui grup de instruciuni ntr-un program) (t graf, inf, t g) loop;
bundle

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bucl a unui sistem informaional (inf) feedback loop
buclde anticipare diferenial (aut) leading circuit
bucl de ciclare/ de iterare/ de repetare (inf) iteration loop
bucl de contrareacie/ de reacie negativ (t sist, aut) negative-feedback loop
bucl de nchidere prin pmnt (el) earth circuit
bucl de legare la pmnt (el) earth loop
bucl exterioar (t sist, aut) major/ outer loop
bucl informatic (ansamblu de terminale conectate la un calculator central;
sistem de prelucrare electronic a datelor) (inf) EDP system
bucl interioar (t sist, aut, inf) inner loop
bucl/ circuit de comand cu reacie (t sist, aut) feedback control loop
buc (el) hub
bun funcionare (t g) efficiency
buncr (t g) bin
buton (el, t g) knob; button
buton de aducere n stare de tergere/ de anulare (inf) cancel key
butuc purttor de rol (inf) hub

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cabla (a) (tele) wire (up)
cablare (el) wiring
cablu/ conductor de legare la pmnt (el) earth wire
cadran (geo) quadrant
cadru (t g) casing
cadru/ panou de comutatoare/ de translatoare de grup (el) bay of group
translators
caiet de sarcini (inf) data sheet
calcul (an num, mat, st, t g, t graf, arit, inf) estimation; calculus (pl. calculuses/
calculi); account; evaluation; dead reckoning; design; sum; cast
calcul al predicatelor (l mat) functional calculus
calcul analogic (calcul matematic continuu efectuat cu calculatoare analogice) (inf)
analogue computing/ computation
calcul aproximativ (an num) approximation calculus
calcul automat (inf) automatic computation
calcul cu fracii (alg) calculation involving fractions
calcul cu predicate (l mat) predicate calculus
calcul cu propoziii/ propoziional (l mat) propositional calculus
calcul diferenial (an) differential calculus
calcul eronat (mat) miscount
calcul funcional (l mat) functional calculus
calcul greit (inf, mat) miscalculation
calcul hibrid (efectuat simultan n prile analogic i numeric ale unui calculator
hibrid) (inf) hybrid computation
calcul implicit (la calculatoare analogice) (inf) implicit computation
calcul integral (an) integral calculus
calcul la scar (mat) scaling
calcul lambda (inf) lambda calculus
calcul matematic (mat) computing calcul
calcul matricial (alg) matrix algebra/ computation; matrix calculus
calcul numeric (determinare a valorii unei expresii matematice prin cele patru
operaii fundamentale) (alg, inf) numerical computation
calcul operaional (c op) operational calculus
calcul simbolic (reprezentare i prelucrare numeric a unui program la nivel
textual) (inf) symbolical computation

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calcul statistic (st) statistical calculation
calcul tensorial (geo) tensor calculus
calcul vectorial (geo, alg, an) vector calculus
calcula (a) (an, inf, mat, t g) calculate; compute; cast up; number; reckon; tally
figure out; find; perform; design
calculare (arit, mat) reckoning; computing
calculaie (mat, inf, an num) computation; calculation
calcula (a) media (mat) average
calculabil (an num, inf, mat, l mat) calculable; reckonable; computable; logistic
calculabilitate (proprietate a unei funcii de a i se putea determina valoarea sau a
unei proceduri de a putea fi executat) (an num, inf, mat) calculabili;
computability
calculare (mat, an num, arit) evaluation; numbering
calculare a diferenelor (succesive) (an) differencing
calcularea ariei unei suprafee (an, geo) complanation
calculat estimated
calculator (de buzunar) (inf) calculator
calculator (inf) calculating machine; computing machine; computing
equipment; main computer; estimator
calculatoranalogic (alctuit din elemente liniare, amplificatoare operaionale i
circuite numerice) (inf) analogue calculator; analogue computer; analogue
computing system; analogue computing machinery; simulator
calculator analogic diferenial (pentru rezolvarea ecuaiilordifereniale) (e dif, inf)
differential analyser
calculator auxiliar (secundar) (inf) slave computer
calculator digital (care prelucreaz informaii codificate numeric) (inf) digital
computer
calculator comandat cu program (inf) sequence-controlled computer
calculator cu acces multiplu/ cu mai multe intrri (inf) multiaccess computer
calculator cu cartele perforate (inf) card-oriented computer
calculator cu comenzi succesive (inf) consecutive computer
calculator cu o adres binar (inf) binary one-address computer
calculator cu o singur adres (cu instruciuni ce pot adresa un singur operand; cu
un singur acumulator n unitatea central) (inf) single address computer
calculator cu prelucrare numeric a datelor n paralel (inf) parallel digital

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computer
calculator cu program variabil (inf) selective sequence computer
calculator cu secven comandat (cu succesiune controlat a operaiilor) (inf)
sequence-controlled computer
calculator cu set redus de instruciuni (implementate n arhitectura procesorului)
(inf) reduced instruction set computer (RISC)
calculator cu supraconductivitate (inf) superconducting computer device
calculator de birou (inf) desk-top computer
calculator de comand universal independent (inf) universal stand-alone
control computer
calculator de mare vitez i capacitate de stocare, servind pe rnd mai muli
utilizatori (inf) mainframe (computer)
calculator de modelare/ de reproducere a unei reele (inf) network computer
calculator de proces (inf) process (control) computer
calculator destinaie (care execut programe elaborate de un calculator gazd)
(inf) target computer
calculator digital binar (inf) binary computer; binary digital computer
calculator direct de proces/ cuplat cu procesul (inf) on-line computer
calculator electronic (inf) digital computer; electronic computer; system
calculator electronic cu destinaie special (specializat) (inf) single-purpose
computer
calculator frontal (de interfa ntre un calculator principal i o reea de
comunicaii) (inf) front-end computer
calculator fundamental/ de baz (inf) basic computer
calculator hibrid/ analogic-numeric (inf) hybrid computer
calculator n timp real (care efectueaz calculele n timpul desfurrii proceselor
pe care le comand) (inf) real-time computer
calculator incremental/ diferenial (care funcioneaz prin adugarea unei
constante) (inf) incremental computer
calculator independent (inf) off-line computer
calculator interpolator (n sistemele de comand numeric) (inf) director
calculator lucrnd ntr-o reea (de calculatoare) (inf) work-station
calculator numeric (inf) digital computer
calculator numeric/ digital/ cifric (inf) digital calculator
calculator numeric/ digital binar (inf) binarydigital

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calculator numeric cu capacitate mare de memorare (inf) large-scale digital
computer
calculator numeric paralel (care poate executa simultan mai multe instruciuni sau
seciuni ale unei lucrri) (inf) parallel computer
calculator orientat conform aplicaiilor utilizatorului (inf) user oriented
computer
calculator pentru analiza elementelor finite (inf, an num) finite element
computer
calculator pentru multiplexare (inf) concentrator
calculator pentru traducerea limbajului (inf) language translation computer
calculator pilot/ de comand (inf) control computer
calculator portabil (cu hard-disc, cu baterii rencrcabile, de greutate i
dimensiuni mici) (inf) notebook computer
calculator secvenial (inf) consecutive sequence computer
calculator simulat analogic-numeric (inf) digital simulated analog (ue)
computer (DISAC)
calculator simultan (ale crui uniti pot efectua simultan diferite pri ale
aceluiai calcul) (inf) simultaneous computer
calculator structurat (orientat) pe cuvinte (inf) word-oriented machine
calculator universal/ polifuncional (inf) multipurpose computer
calculator Von Neuman (funcionnd pe baza criteriilor Von Neuman care
definesc structura calculatoarelor numerice) (inf) Von Neuman machine
calcule numerice (inf) numerical calculations
calculul diferenelor finite (an num, an, e dif) calculus of differences
calculul predicatelor (l mat) calculus of predicates
calculul probabilitilor (t pr) theory of chance (of probability); calculus of
probability
calculul variaional; calculul variaiilor (an) calculus of variations
calculul/ teoria probabilitilor (t pr) probability calculus; probability theory
cale (t pr, t g, inf) mean; path
cale de acionare (n sistemele de
comand i reglare) (aut, t sist) actuating path
cale de date (inf) data path
cale nchis ntr-un graf (t graf, inf) loop
calibra (a) (t g) calibrate

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calibrare (etalonare; gradare) (aut, t g) calibration; calibrating; graduation
calibru (etalon) (t g) calibrating device
calibru de cadraj (inf) card gauge
calitate (t g) brand
calitativ/ qualitative
calot (geo) portion of sphere; spherical cap
canal/ cale de transmisie (inf, tele) channel; bus
canal de date/ de transmitere a datelor (inf) data channel; data bus
canal de intrare-ieire (unitate de transfer al datelor ntre echipamentele periferice
i memoria principal) (inf, t sist) input-output channel
canal intrare-ieire (inf, t sist) I/ O channel
canal multiplex (sistem de transmitere a mai multor semnale pe acelai canal)
(tele) multiplex
canonic (e dif, st, alg, geo, mec) canonical; normal
cntri (a) balance out; mete
cantitate (l mat, mat, mec, t g, alg) multitude; quantity; quantum; amount;
number; lot; value
cantitate mare (t g) bulk
cantitate necunoscut (mat) unknown quantity
cantitate pozitiv (alg) plus
cantitate variabil (an) variable quantity
cap de citire (la prelucrarea datelor) (el, inf, tele) reader; tape reader; reading
head
cap de scriere/ de nregistrare, electromagnet folosit pentru scrierea pe band/
disc/ cilindru magnetic () (inf) write/ writing head
cap de tergere/ de anulare (a caracterelor nscrise pe o band magnetic) (inf)
erase/ erasing head
capabilitate (posibilitate a unui sistem de a realiza toate performanele la nivelul
obiectivelor sale) (t g) capability
capacimetru (aparat de msurat capacitateaelectric) (el) capacitance meter
capacitan (el) capacity reactance
capacitate (an, mec, mat, t g) capacity; content; volume; output
capacitate de ncrcare/ de nmagazinare de memorie (inf) storage capacity
capacitate de informare (a unui canal) (tele) channel capacity
capacitate de nregistrare a unei cartele (perforate) (inf) card capacity

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capacitate de memorare (inf) capacity
capacitate de producie (t g) production
capacitate de trafic (tele) carrying capacity
capacitate electric (el) capacitance
capacitate portant/ de ncrcare/ de ridicare (t g) carrying capacity
capt (an, t g) ending; extremity; terminal point; end; termination
capt al unui segment (an) limiting point; limit point
capcan (el) trap
capitol/ secven (a (l) unui program) (inf) chapter
capsula (a) (t g) can
capsulare (t g) casing
captare a datelor vizuale (de pe un document) (inf) capture
captator (el, aut) transducer
captor (aut) sensing device/ element
capturare ecran (salvare ntr-un fiier a coninutului ecranului curent) (inf)
screencapture
car al unei imprimante (inf) carriage
carabil (cruia i se poate face cuadratura; care poate fi redus la un ptrat
echivalent) (an, geo) quadrable; squarable
caracter (mat, inf, inf, an, alg) letter; character; record (rec.)
caracter aleatoriu (t pr) randomness
caracter alfanumeric de umplere (COBOL) (inf) filler
caracter citibil de o main/ de un calculator (inf) machine readable character
caracter de control al poziiei datelor imprimate/ nregistrate/ afiate (inf)
format effector character (FEC)
caracter ilegal/ impropriu/ fals (inf) illegal character/ command
caracter rectiliniu (geo) straightness
caracter utilizat pentru specificarea global a unui fiier (inf) wildcard
caracter (e) de identificare a unei date (inf) data name
caracter/ simbol de sfrit al blocului de informaii (inf) emitter-base (EB)
character/ symbol; end of block character/ symbol
caracteristic representative
caracteristic (an, e dif, st, arit, inf) characteristic; parameter; performance
caracteristic/ histerezis a (l) memoriilor magnetice (inf) hysteresis
caracteristic amplitudine-faz (aut, t sist) gain-phase characteristic

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caracteristic amplitudine-frecven (t sist, aut, el) response characteristic/
curve
caracteristic de atenuare a unui circuit deschis/ n bucl deschis (t sist, aut)
open-loop attenuation characteristic
caracteristic de comand (aut) control-rod efficiency function
caracteristic de frecven (aut, tele) frequency characteristic
caracteristic de frecven n circuit/ n bucl deschis (t sist, aut) open-loop
frequency response
caracteristic de rspuns/ de acionare (el, tele) response
caracteristic de reacie (t sist, aut) backward transfer characteristic
caracteristic de reglaj (t sist, aut) reaction curve
caracteristic de reglare a unui circuit (el, aut) characteristic of circuit control
caracteristic de reglare/ de comand (t sist, aut) control characteristic
caracteristic de stabilitate/ de recepie (el, tele) response
caracteristic de transfer (t sist, aut, el) response characteristic/ curve
caracteristic dinamic (aut, el) dynamic response
caracteristic/ curb de amplificare (el) amplification curve
caracteristic/ rspuns de frecven al unui amplificator (el) amplifier response
caracteristic/ rspuns de frecven stabil () n faz (aut, t sist) in-phase
response
caracteriza (a) (t g) feature; specify; mark
caracterizat (inf) tagged
carcas (el, t g) box; casing
cardinal (alg, t mul) cardinal
cardinalitate (posibilitate a unui sistem informatic de a recepiona simultan
diferite informaii) (inf) cardinalidad
cardioid (geo) cardioid
care conserv ariile (geo) equiareal
care corespunde cu associate
care las ordinea invariant (an) order-preserving
care nu creeaz for ascensional non-lifting
care nu e neted. (an) non-smooth
care nu se afl ntr-unacelai plan (despre o curb) (geo) tortuous
care pstreaz ariile (an) area-preserving
care poate fi anulat (mat) raisable

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care se refer la podar (geo) pedal
care se repet (mat) repeating
care tinde (ctre) (an) tending
care tinde la zero (alg, an) vanishing
cartel de comentariu (inf) comment card
cartel de control (inf, mat) control card; control slip
cartel de indexare/ pilot (inf) register card
cartel interfa de reea (interfa a unei reele de calculatoare) (t sist, aut)
network interface card (NIC)
cartel multipl (inf) fractional card
cartel parametru (inf) control card
cartel perforat (pentru nregistrarea informaiei) (inf) card; unit record card
cartel-ghid pentru nregistrarea informaiei (inf) tab index
cartezian (mat) cartesian
cartotec (t g, inf) catalog (ue); file; card catalogue; card file/ index
caset/ cutie receptoare de cartele (inf) card bin/ box
catalog. (t g, inf) catalog (ue)
categorie (alg) category; species (pl. species); kind
caten (mat, t graf, mec); catenar; n (form de) lan (t g) catenary; chain
catenoid (geo) catenoid
catet (geo) cathetus; leg; side of a right triangle
cauz reason
cauzalitate (t sist) causality
caz occurrence
caz favorabil (st) success
cdere a releului (el) drop-out
cldur (mec) heat
cldur specific (edp) specific heat
cptui (a) (el, tele) coat
cra (a) (inf) carry
crucior (t g) carrier
csu receptoare de cartele (inf) card pocket
cuta (a) (inf) search; seek
cutare (a unui element) ntr-o structur de date de tip tabel (inf) table search;
table look-up

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cutare (tele) hunting
cutare cu specificator ambiguu (metod de regsire a informaiilor n baze de
date) (inf) fuzzy matching
cutare/ explorare/ seleciebinar (inf) binary search
cutare/ localizare a unui fiier (pe un suport de informaii) (inf) file searching
cuttor (aut) selector
cmp (lungime) variabil () (component adresabil a unei structuri de date a
crei lungime poate varia n funcie de cerine) (inf) variable field length
cmp (mat, alg) field
cmp al cartelei perforate (inf) card field
cmp de direcii (e dif) directional field
cmp de evenimente (t pr) field of events
cmp de probabilitate (t pr) field of probability
cmp de programare (la calculatoarele analogice) (inf) patch bay
cmp de tensori (geo) tensor field
cmp de vectori (geo, an) vector field; vectorial field
cmp de vectori solenoidal (an) solenoidal vector field
cmp electromagnetic (edp) electromagnetic field
cmp extern/ exterior external field
cmp fr vrtejuri (an) non-vortical field
cmp gravitaional field gravity
cmp iraional/ potenial (an) irrotational field; non-vortical field
cmp magnetic magnetic field
cmp Markov (proces Markov bidimensional) (t pr) Markov random field
(MRF)
cmp relaional (an, geo) curl field
cmp scalar (geo, an) scalar field
cmp staionar (el) fixed field
cmp/ zon a (l) unei structuri de date/ cartele perforate (inf) field
ctig/ amplificare a (l) buclei de reacie/ buclei deschise (t sist, aut) loop gain
ctig; ctigtor (t j) winning
ct (alg, arit) ratio; quotient
cea mai mic medie ptrat (t pr) least mean square
ceas de timp real (inf) interval timer; intervalometer
ceea ce trebuia demonstrat (c.c.t.d.) quod erat demonstrandum; q.e.d. (abbr)

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cel mai nalt uppermost
cel mai mare divizor comun (abr. c.m.m.d.c.) (alg, arit) highest common factor
(abbr. g.c.d.); greatest common divisor
cel mai mare subgraf component al unui graf (t graf) graph component
cel mai mic least
cel mai mic majorant (an) supremum (pl. suprema)
cel mai mic multiplu comun (arit) lowest common multiple (abbr. l.c.m.); least
common multiple
cel mai mic numitor comun (arit) least common denominator
cel mai puin least
cellalt (geo, mat) obverse
cele mai favorabile condiii (t sist) optimum (pl.optima/ optimums)
cele mai mici ptrate (an num) least squares
celul (mat, alg) mesh; cell
celul companion (alg) companion cell
celul de date (fie a unei benzi magnetice folosit pentru stocarea informaiei)
(inf) data cell
celul de nsumare binar fr transport (inf) half-adder
celul de memorie (aut, inf) storage cell; cell; memory cell
central; cu centru (mat) central
central electric. (t g) central power station
centraliza (a) summarize
centralizare (a datelor) (inf) summarization
centrare a semnelor (inf) centering
centrat (mat) centred
centrifug; centrifug (mec) centrifugal
centroid () (geo) centroid
centru (mat, geo) centre; center; central point
centru al cercului circumscris unui triunghi (geo) circumcentre; circumcenter
centru de calcul computing centre
centru de curbur (geo) centre of curvature
centru de greutate (centru de mas) (geo, mec) centre of gravity
centru de inerie (mec) centre of inertia
centru de inversiune (mat) centre of inversion
centru de omotetie (geo) ray centre

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centru de proiecie (geo) ray centre
centru de rotaie (geo, mec) centre of gyration
centru de similitudine/ asemnare (geo) centre of similarity
centru radical (geo) radical centre
centrul asimptotelor (t sist) asymptote centroid
centrul cercului nscris; centrul sferei nscrise (geo) incentre
centrul unui cerc exnscris (geo) excenter
centuplu centuple
cerc (geo, mec) circle; circular line; orb
cerc axial (la tor) (geo) circular axis
cerc circumscris (geo) escribed circle; circumcircle; circumscribed circle
cerc cu raza 1 (cerc trigonometric) (geo) unit circle
cerc de convergen (an) circle of convergence
cerc de curbur circle of curvature (osculatingcircle)
cerc director (geo) director circle
cerc divizat (geo) divided circle
cerc exnscris (geo) excircle
cerc gradat. (geo) graduated circle
cerc nscris (geo) ex-inscribed circle
cerc nscris (ntr-un triunghi) (geo) incircle; inscribed circle
cerc limit (geo) limit circle
cerc mare (al sferei) (geo) great circle
cerc meridian (geo) meridian circle
cerc mic (pe o sfer) (geo) small circle
cerc ortoptic/ director (loc geometric al punctelor din care tangentele la suprafaa
unei conice sunt perpendiculare una pe alta) (geo) orthoptic circle
cercosculator (geo) circle of curvature (osculatingcircle)
cerc unitate (geo, an) circle of unit radius
cerceta (a) (inf) search; analyse; analyze
cercetare analysis (pl. analyses)
cercetare operaional (activitate de analizare, modelare matematic i msurare a
proceselor cu caracter repetitiv) (c op) operational/ operations research (OR)
cercetare tiinific research
cercetare teoretic desk research
cercul absolut (geo) spherical circle; sphere circle

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cercul lui Euler (cercul celor nou puncte) (geo) nine-point circle
cercuri/ repere de distan (tele) range marks
cercurile lui Gershgorin (margini ale valorilor proprii ale unei matrice, utilizate
pentru prediciastabilitii n bucl nchis a sistemelor) (alg, t sist) Gershgorin's
circles
cere (a) require
cerere requirement
cerin (mat) requisite
cert (an, st) certain
certitudine (st) certainty
cerut required
cheie de ntrerupere (inf) break
cheie de separaie (tele) cut-off key
cheie (succesiune de cifre corespunztoare unui simbol al alfabetului codificat)
(inf) code word
cheltuial expenditure
chemare a unui subprogram (inf) call-in
chestiune question
ching (tg) band
cicla (a) (inf) hang up in a loop
ciclare (inf, mat) cycling
ciclic (geo, alg, mat) circular; cyclic (al)
ciclic (geo) cyclide
cicloid (geo) cycloid
cicloid alungit (geo) prolate cycloid
cicloid scurtat (geo) curtate cycloid
ciclometrie (geo) cyclometry
ciclu (an, t g, el, mat) period (per.); circuit; loop; cycle
ciclu al instruciunii (inf) instruction cycle
ciclu al memoriei (exprimat ca interval de timp sau ca succesiune de operaii) (inf)
memory cycle
ciclu de acces (inf) access cycle
ciclu intern (al unui program) (t sist, aut, inf) inner loop
cifr (inf, an, alg, arit, mat, t g) caracter; cipher (cypher); numeral; decimal; figure;
number

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cifra (a) (aut, inf) digitize; encipher; encode
cifrare (inf) digital coding; encipherment
cifr binar (inf) binary digit
cifr care nu poate fi atins (inf) unattainable figure
cifr de cod code character; code digit
cifr de control prin totalizare (inf) sum check digit
cifr n cod zecimal (mat) coded-decimal digit
cifr unitate binar (mat, inf) digit
cifr zecimal (arit) decimal digit
cifre arabe (mat) Hindu-Arabic numerals
cifre de jos (mat) descending figures
cifre romane (arit) Roman numerals
cifric (inf, arit) digital; numerical
cifru (an num, aut) cipher (cypher); key
cilindree msurat (t g) derived capacity
cilindric (geo) cylindrical
cilindroid (geo) cylindroid
cilindru (geo) cylinder
cilindru eliptic drept (geo) cylindroid
cilindru parabolic (geo) parabolic cylinder
cinematic; cinetic (mec) kinetics
cinetic (mec) kinetic
ciocnire elastic (mec) billiard-ball collision
circuit (mat, t graf, mec, el, tele, t graf, t sist,t g) chain; line; circuit; network
circuit (oscilant) amortizat (el) damped circuit
circuit (poart)de coinciden (inf, el) coincidence gate
circuit/ element de detectare (aut, tele) detecting element
circuit/ poart de negaie (el) complementer
circuit analogic de nsumare; sumator analogic (el, t sist) analogue adder
circuit basculant (el, aut) trigger
circuit basculant de transfer/ de report (el) carry flip-flop
circuit basculant/ de declanare bistabil (el) bistable trigger circuit
circuit bilateral/ cu dou direcii (el, tele) both-way circuit
circuit bistabil (cu dou stri stabile) (el) bistable circuit
circuit combinaional (ale crui mrimi de ieire depind numai de cele de intrare)

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(el) combinational circuit
circuit cu declanare/ cu funcionare
tot sau nimic (aut) gating circuit
circuit cu inductani capacitate (el) coil-condenser circuit
circuit cu ntoarcere prin pmnt (el) earth return circuit
circuit de anticipare/ diferenial () (aut) leading circuit
circuit de comand/ de acionare (aut, el) driving circuit
circuit de comutaie (inf, alg) switching circuit
circuit de decalare (el) shift circuit
circuit de decodificare (inf) function circuit
circuit de difereniere (a crui mrime de ieire este proporional cu derivata
mrimii de intrare) (t sist, aut) differentiating circuit/ network
circuit de filtrare (t sist, tele) filtering circuit
circuit de informare (tele) information circuit
circuit de ntrziere (aut, el) delay circuit
circuit de interzicere (aut, inf) inhibiting circuit
circuit de legare la pmnt (el) earth circuit
circuit de msur (aut,tele) graduated circle
circuit de memorare (inf) memory circuit
circuit de memorie pentru dispozitive logice individuale (inf) single in-line
memory module (SIMM)
circuit de meninere (aut, tele) hold circuit; holding circuit
circuit de negaie/ de complementare (el) complement gate
circuit de negaie/ NU (inf) inverter
circuit de reacie (t sist, aut) feedback circuit; feedback loop
circuit de reglare (aut) process
circuit de reglare intern (t sist, aut, inf) inner loop
circuit de reglare model (inf) simulator
circuit de reglare/ de comand/ de control al funcionrii (t sist, aut) operation
control circuit
circuit de repaus (tele) closed circuit
circuit de semnalizare (el) warning circuit
circuit derivat (el) branch line
circuit deschis (t sist, el) open circuit (o.c.)
circuit echivalent/ analogic (el) circuit analogue

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circuit electronic care comand un alt circuit de putere mai mare (el) drive
circuit flip-flop (Eccles-Jordan) (el, aut) trigger
circuit flip-flop/ bistabil/ basculant (el) flip-flop (circuit)
circuit flip-flop/ bistabil magnetic (el) magnetic flip-flop
circuit funcional symbolical circuit
circuit fundamental (mat, t g) fundamental circuit
circuit fundamental de impuls (el) basic pulse circuit
circuit imprimat (el) printed wiring board (PWB)
circuit n bucl (el, aut) looped circuit
circuit nchis (el) closed circuit; closed-circuit arrangement
circuit informaional (drum parcurs de o informaie de la generare pn la clasare
sau distrugere) (inf) information circuit
circuit integrat (indivizibil i nereparabil); complex de circuite electronice ntr-o
singur capsul (el) integrated circuit
circuit integrat care ndeplinete toate funciileunitii centrale de calcul (aut,
inf) microprocessor
circuit inversor (inf) inverse gate; inverting gate
circuit logic (inf) decision element
circuit logic ANTICOINCIDEN/ SAU-EXCLUSIV (inf) anticoincidence
circuit
circuit logic I-NU (inf) AND-NOT circuit
circuit matri de codificare (inf) matrix encoder
circuit multistabil/ cu mai multe stri stabile (el) multistable circuit
circuit pentru nregistrarea/ afiarea caracterelor i/ sau simbolurilor (inf)
character generator
circuit principal s. (inf) basic circuit
circuit rezonant/ serie de admisie (aut) acceptor circuit
circuit SAU inclusiv (inf) inclusive OR circuit
circuit secvenial (ale crui mrimi de ieire depind att de cele de intrare ct i de
starea n care se afl la un moment dat) (t sist) sequential circuit
circuit simplu (t graf) simple circuit
circuit I-NU (inf) except-gate
circuit tampon de translaie invers (aut) inverse translation buffer (ITB)
circuit unifilar (el) earth return circuit
circuit/ bucl de reacie (t sist, aut) regenerative loop of the circuit

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circuit/ dispozitiv de memorare (inf, t sist, tele) register
circuit/ poart NU; circuit negator (inf) NOT gate
circuit/ reea de integrare idifereniere/ cu aciune integral idiferenial (ID)
(t sist) integro-differentiating network
circuit/ reea integrator (-oare) (aut) integral circuit
circuit/ schem analogic () (el) analogue network
circuit/ etaj semisumator (inf) half-adder
circuit/ poart CU EXCEPIA LUI (inf) INHIBITORY-gate
circuit/ poart de negaie (inf) inverse gate; inverting gate
circuit/ poart logic () I; circuit de conjuncie/ de coinciden (inf) AND
circuit/ gate
circuit/ poart NU (inf) inverse gate; inverting gate
circuit/ poart pentru I SAU negat (inf) AND-NOR gate
circuit/ poart SAU exclusiv/ anticoinciden (inf) exclusive OR gate
circuit/ poart I-NU (inf) INHIBITORY-gate
circuite cuplate/ legate (aut) linked circuits
circuite de memorie (plcue modulare microelectronice de stocare a datelor) (inf)
memory chips
circuit-poart (aut, el) gate circuit; gating circuit; gate
circuit-poart liniar (aut, t sist) linear gate
circula (a) (t g) run
circulant (alg) circulant; circulating
circular (geo, alg, mat) circular; annular; cyclic (al)
circulaie (an) circulation
circulator (el, tele) circulator
circumferin (geo) circumference; circle; circular line; girth (of a solid with
equal cross sections)
circumscrie (a) (geo) circumscribe
circumscris (geo) circumscribed
cisoid; cisoida lui Diocles (geo) cissoid; cissoid of Diocles
citi (a) (un cod secret) (t sist, inf) decipher; read
citibil de calculator (inf) computer-readable
citire (ntr-o memorie magnetic) a unui parazit/ element binar nenregistrat n
prealabil (inf) drop-in; sensing
citire/ lectur distructiv (a unor informaii din memorie) (citire n urma creia

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informaia este modificat/ pierdut) (inf) destructive reading/ read-out
citire a cartelelor (inf) card sensing
citire a cifrei transportului/ reportului ntr-un sumator (mat) carry sensing in
adder
citire a indicaiilor aparatelor de control (el) check reading
citire cu automeninere (fr pierderea informaiei memorate) (inf) nondestructive reading/ read-out
cititor de cartele (inf) card light
clam (t g) brace
clan (semigrup Hausdorff conex compact) (an, alg) clan
clap de comand (el) valve
clap de comutare (inf) shift key
clap de nchidere (aut) throttle
clapet (t g) valve
clapet de bloc (aut) button; knob
clapet de reinere/ de nchidere (t g, aut) check stop valve
clasa (a) (aut) file
clas (grup; categorie; mulime) (mat, alg) class; category; grade
clas de baz (la programarea orientat pe obiecte) (inf) superclass
clas de resturi (alg) residue class
clas printe (la programarea orientat pe obiecte) (inf) superclass
clase de echivalen (alg, l mat) equivalence classes
clasificare (mat, t g) classification; grading; graduation
clasificare/ sortare n bloc (inf) block sort
clasificare dup mai multe caracteristici manifold classification
clasificarea imaginilor (separarea n clase a obiectelor unei imagini cu ajutorul
calculatorului) (inf) image classification
claviatur (aut, inf) keyboard
clotoid (geo) clothoid; spiral of Cornu
coarbore (t graf) cotree
coard (corespunztoare unui arc) (geo, alg, edp, mec) span; string; chord
coard/ secant (care taie o curb n dou puncte) (geo) bisecant
coard corespunztoare unui arc. (geo) subtense
coard vibrant (edp) vibrating string
coarde suplimentare (ntr-un cerc, ntr-o elips) (geo) supplemental chords

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coaxial (cu axe coincidente) (geo) coaxial
coborre (t g) descent
cobor (a) o perpendicular (geo) drop a perpendicular
cod (l mat, inf) word (w., wd.)
cod (succesiune de cifre ale unui sistem de numeraie, corespunztoare
simbolurilor unui alfabet) (inf, aut, an num) code; key; cipher (cypher)
cod al calculatorului (inf) computer code
cod al instruciunilor unui calculator (inf) computer instruction code
cod al operaiei; cod/ parte operaional () a (l) unui cuvnt de instruciune (cod
care specific operaia executat de o instruciune) (inf) operation code
cod algebric autocorector (inf) algebraic error-corrector code
cod Baudot (cu cinci cifre binare) (inf, tele) Baudot code
cod binar/ biquinar (conform cruia fiecare cifr zecimal este reprezentat prin
dou cifre a cror sum ponderat este) (inf) binary code; biquinary code
cod binar ciclic (inf) cyclic binary code
cod binar reflectat (inf) binary reflex-code
cod ce poate corecta eroarea n dou poziii adiacente/ nvecinate (inf) doubleadjacent error-correcting code
cod ciclic (inf) chain code
cod ciclic/ recurent (inf) recurrent code
cod concatenat (construit din mai multe coduri legate n serie) (t sist)
concatenated code
cod corector (inf) error-checking/ correcting code
cod cu adrese multiple (inf) multiple-address code
cod cu n adrese/ cu adrese multiple (inf) n-address code
cod cu permutare ciclic (inf) cyclic progression code (CPC)
cod de acces (n reelele de calculatoare) (inf) password
cod de baz/ fundamental (inf) basic code
cod de cartel/ de perforare (inf) card code
cod de corecie a erorilor statistice/ aleatorii (st) random error correcting code
cod de instruciuni al unui calculator (inf) computer order code
cod de instruciuni/ de comand (inf) order code
cod de main (inf) executable code
cod detector de erori (cod redundant care faciliteaz detectarea erorilor de
codificare i transmitere) (inf) detecting code

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cod detector de erori (care permite detectarea la recepie a erorilor de transmisie)
(inf) error detecting code; detecting code
cod detector i corector de erori (care permite detectarea i corectarea la recepie a
erorilor de transmisie) (inf) error detection and correction code; detecting and
correcting code
cod EBCDIC/ zecimal codificat binar extins (inf) extended binary coded
decimal interchange code (EBCDIC)
cod funcional/ de funcie/ de serviciu (inf) function code
cod Gray (inf) cyclic binary code; modified binary code
cod Hamming/ corector de erori. (inf) Hamming code
cod liniar de grupuri (inf) linear group code
cod liniar-reflectat (inf) modified binary code
cod main/ al mainii/ al calculatorului (inf) machine code
cod numeric de scanare (la microsistemele PC cu microprocesor INTEL) (inf)
scan code
cod ponderat (inf) fixed-ratio code
cod sau numr de identificare a unui mesaj transmis unui operator de ctre
sistemul de operare (inf) prompt identifier
cod separabil cu distan maxim (cod liniar (n,k) cu distana minim n-k+1) (inf)
maximum distance separable (MDS) code
cod temporal de comand (t sist) time and control (location) code
cod ternar (n baza trei) (inf) ternary code
cod unic/ standard (inf) common language
cod zecimal codificat binar (inf) binary coded decimal (BCD) code
cod/ descriptor de format. (inf) format descriptor
codifica (a) (aut, inf) digitize; encode; encipher
codificare (inf, tele) coding; encipherment; encoding; coding process
codificare de acces (inf) access coding
codificare/ modulare prin impulsuri multiple (t sist, inf) multiple pulse coding
codificat binar (inf) binary-coded
codificator (inf) coder; encoder
codificator n dinte de ferstru (inf) sweep-time encoder
codificator matricial (inf) matrix encoder
codificator numeric (inf) digital encoder
codimensiune (top) codimension

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cod-main (inf) computer instruction code; computer code
codomeniu (an) range of a function
codor (inf) encoder
coeficient (arit, alg, mat) factor; rate; ratio; parameter; constant; modulus (pl.
moduli); coefficient; figure; index (pl.indices/ indexes); mathematical constant
coeficient (factor) de stabilitate (t sist) stability ratio
coeficient/ factor al distorsiunilor de neliniaritate (tele) blur factor
coeficient al unei dezvoltri n serie (an) serial expansion coefficient
coeficient binomial (alg) binomial coefficient
coeficient de amortizare (el) damping factor
coeficient de amplificare (t sist, el) gain
coeficient de aplatizare/ de liniarizare (aut) smoothing coefficient
coeficient de autocorelaie (st) self-correlation coefficient
coeficient de autoreglare (aut) coefficient of inherent (natural) regulation
coeficient de proporionalitate (mat) constant of proportionality
coeficient de regresie. (st) regression coefficient
coeficient de transformare dintr-un sistem de numrare n altul (mat) countconversion factor
coeficientFourier (an, e dif) Fourier coefficient
coeficient unghiular (pant) (geo) slope
coeficient/ factor multiplicator (alg) multiplying factor
coeficieni de ponderare (st) weighting coefficients
coeficieninedeterminai (alg) undetermined coefficients
coeficientul dominant al unui polinom (alg) leading coefficient of a polynomial
coeficientul unghiular al unei drepte (geo) slope of a straight line
coerciv; coercitiv (edp) coercive
coerent regular (r., reg.)
coerena ptrat a amplitudinii (el) magnitude squared coherence (MSC)
cofactor (alg) algebraic adjunct; algebraic complement; signed minor
cofret coninnd componente electronice (t sist, aut, el) black box
cofrontier (top) coboundary
cohleoid (geo) cochleoid
coideal (alg) coideal
colaiona (a) collate
colaionare (unire a unor fiiere ordonate similar) (inf) merging; collating

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colecta (a) (date) (inf) collect
colectare/ achiziie (culegere, prelucrare pariali nregistrare) de date data
acquisition/ capture
colectare/ culegere/ strngere de date; grupare a datelor (inf) gathering
colecie (de programe) (inf, t mul) library, ensemble
colecie de cartele (inf) deck
colector (t g) collector
colector/ receptor de cartele (inf) card picker
colector de date/ informaii (ansamblu de linii utilizate pentru transmiterea
datelor) (inf) data bus
colector de documentaie textual (n proiectarea asistat de calculator (inf)
context documentor
coliniar (geo) collinear
coliniaritate (geo) collinearity
coliniaie (geo) collineation
coloan (a unei cartele) (inf, alg) card column; column
comanda (a) (aut, mat, t g) pilot; order; initiate; direct
comanda (a) (t g) lead
comandat numeric (inf, aut) numerically controlled
comand (t sist, inf, aut, t g) control; order; regulation; governing; drive;
actuation; manipulated/ control input; controlling; input; guidance; excitation
comand/ reglare central (aut) central control
comand/ reglare diferenial a amplificrii (t sist, aut) differential gain control
comand a operaiei (inf) function code
comand a procesului (aut) process monitoring
comand a transmiterii (datelor) (inf) communication control (of data)
comand adaptiv vag/ fuzzy (comand adaptiv care nglobeaz concepte ale
logicii fuzzy) (t sist) fuzzy adaptive control
comand alternativ (aut) alternate control
comand autoadaptiv (t sist) self-adaptive control
comand automat (aut, t sist) automatic drive
comand bazat pe un model vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy model-based control
comand compus/ multipl/ paralel (inf) multiple control
comand continu cu bucl de reacie (t sist, aut) closed-loop control
comand cu avans limitat (t sist, aut) limited look-ahead control

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comanda cu energie minim a sistemelor liniare (comanda care transfer sistemul
dintr-o stare iniial dat ntr-o stare final dat, ntr-un interval fixat de timp cu
consum minim de energie) (t sist) minimum energy control of linear systems
comand cu mai multe variabile spaiale (t sist) joint space control
comand cu mod glisant (comand discontinu de tip bang-bang care induce un
mod glisant) (t sist) sliding mode control
comand cu program (aut, t sist) time (timed) control
comand cu reacie (reglarea variabilei de ieire asistemului utiliznd
msurtorile acestei variabile n generarea variabilei de comand) (t sist)
feedback control
comand cu reacie pozitiv (form de compensare n care se folosesc
msurtorile perturbaiei pentru a determina o comand care s previn efectele
perturbaiei) (t sist) feedforward control
comand de amortizare (t sist) dead-beat control
comand de intrare-ieire (t sist, inf) input-outputcommand
comand de oprire condiionat (inf) conditional breakpoint instruction
comand de reglare a bazei de timp (a baleiajului) (t sist) time-base control
comand de reglare (t sist, aut) regulation control
comand de selecie a compartimentului n funcie de primul caracter (inf)
first-character stacker control
comand de totalizare (inf) tally order
comand direct (primul etaj al unui sistem multietajat, destinat adaptrii
comenzilor) (t sist, aut) direct control; local control
comand direct a unui proces prin calculator (inf) computer direct process
control
comand discontinu (t sist) discontinuous control
comand electric (el, aut) electric control
comand exact (aut) fine control
comand general (l mat, inf) statement
comand global vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy global control
comand H-infinit vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy H-infinity control
comand iacobian invers (t sist) Jacobian inverse control
comand iacobian transpus (t sist) Jacobian transpose control
comand n serie (prin aplicarea unei comenzi secveniale la procese repetitive) (t
sist) batch control

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comand intermitent (aut) intermittent drive
comand la distan (aut, tele) teletype control
comand manual (aut, t g) hand gear; manual operation
comand min-max (clas de algoritmi de controln care se determin comenzile
care optimizeaz performantan cazul cel mai nefavorabil al variaiei parametrilor
iperturbaiilor) (t sist, aut) min-max control
comand neliniar vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy nonlinear control
comand numeric (control al instalaiilor cu ajutorul calculatoarelor numerice)
(inf) numerical command/ control (NC, N/ C)
comand optimal cu bucl nchis (t sist) closed-loopoptimal control
comand pas cu pas/ prin salturi (t sist) jump control
comandpentru o convorbire telefonic (tele) call
comand prin calculator (inf) computer control
comand prin cartele perforate (inf) card control
comand prin folosirea dispozitivelor electronice (aut) electronic control
comand prin impulsuri (aut) impulse control
comand prin nchideri succesive rapide/ impulsuri ale unui circuit (aut)
inching
comand progresiv (t sist, aut) stepped control, step (ping) control
comand reversibil/ prin inversare (t sist) reversal control
comand saturat/ mrginit (t sist) saturating control
comand secvenial (t sist, aut) run-off control
comand separat (aut, t sist) individual control
comand temporizat (t sist) delayed action
comand unic (aut, t sist) group (ed) control/ operation
comand vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy control
comand vag/ fuzzy cu reacie dup stare (t sist) fuzzy state feedback
comand/ reglare automat anivelului (aut, t sist) automatic level control (ALC)
comand/ reglare automat a amplificrii/ ctigului/ volumului (aut, t sist)
automatic gain control (AGC)
comand/ reglare automat a erorii (schem de comand a erorii pentru canale cu
reacie) (aut, tele) automatic repeat request (ARQ)
comand/ reglare automat a frecvenei (aut, tele) automatic frequency control
(AFC)
comand/ reglare cu reacie (pozitiv i negativ) (t sist, aut) feedforward plus

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feedback control
comand/ reglare indirect (t sist) off-line control
comand/ reglare n bucl deschis (t sist, aut) open-loop control
comand/ reglare multipl (t sist) multiple-unit control
comand/ reglare optim (t sist) optimizing/ optimum control
comand/ reglare programat/ dup program (aut) program (m)ed control
comand/ reglare/ control a (l) unui program/ a (l) unui proces (t sist, aut)
process control (system)
comand/ control prin gril (aut, tele) grid control
comand/ reglare autoadaptiv (metodologie de reglare n care parametrii de
comand sunt adaptai automat pentru a realiza o performan suboptimal a
sistemului) (t sist, aut) adaptive control
comand/ reglare autoadaptiv prin restricii (t sist, aut) adaptive control
constraint
combina (a) associate
combinare; combinaie (alg) combination
combinaie de cod nepermis/ interzis (inf) illegal code combination
combinaie de perforaii (inf) code pattern
combinaie liniar (alg) linear combination
combinator (t sist, aut) controller
combinator/ controlor electropneumatic (aut) electropneumatic controller
combinatoric (alg, t graf) theory of combinations
combinri de n obiecte luate cte k (alg) combinations of n things k at a time
comentariu (al unui program-surs) (inf) comment
compact (alg, top) compact; compactum (pl.compacta)
compactificare (an) compactification
compactitate (top) compactness
companion secondary
compara (a) collate
comparabil comparable
comparaie comparison.
comparator (inf) comparator
compas (geo) compass
compatibil (alg) compatible
compatibilitate (alg) compatibility

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compatibilitate a dou calculatoare sau a dou echipamente periferice (inf)
hardware compatibility
compatibilitate nainte (n cazul a dou calculatoare interconectate, posibilitatea
ca un program rulat pe un prim calculator s poat fi rulat i pe un al doilea dar
nu i invers) (inf) upwards compatibility
compatibilitate software (posibilitate de executare a unor programe pe
calculatoare diferite) (inf) software compatibility
compensa (a se) balance out
compensare (aut, t sist, inf, mec, t g) compensation; equalization; adjustment;
balancing
compensare a amortizrii (t sist, el) reversal of damping
compensare printr-un element de reglare integrator (aut, t sist) compensating
by integral control
compensare/ corecie a caracteristicii de frecven (aut, tele) frequency
compensation
compensator (sistem care se ataeaz unui sistem existent astfel nct performana
sistemului n bucl nchis rezultat s fie ameliorat) (t sist, el, aut) compensator;
equalizer; compensating device
compensator de curent alternativ (el) alternating-current balancer/
compensator
compensator de eroare medie ptratic minim (t sist) equalizer minimum
mean squared error (MMSE)
compensator de rspuns invers (configuraie de control n reacie n care dinamica
sistemului este anulat printr-un precompensator n serie care include un model al
sistemului) (t sist) inverse response compensator
compila (a) compile
compilare (inf) compiling
compilator (program) (inf) program (m)ing; program (me); compiler
compilator incremental (inf) incremental compiler
complement (al unui numr reprezentat ntr-un sistem de numeraie) (mat)
complement
complement algebric (corespunztor minorului elementului aij n determinantul
a ij ) (alg) cofactor; algebraic adjunct; algebraic complement; signed minor

complementar (mat) complementary

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complementara unei mulimi (t mul) complement of a set
complet (an, e dif) totally; wholly; full; complete
complet aditiv (an) totally additive
complet automat (aut) full (y) automatic/ automating
completa (a) augment
completare (mat) completion
completat (mat) augmented
completatul (unui unghi) pn la 3600 (geo) explement
completitudine (top) completeness
completitudine spectral (proprietate a unui sistem dinamic ale crui funcii
proprii corespunztoare valorilor proprii formeaz o baz a spaiului strilor) (t
sist) spectral completeness
complex (alg, geo) complex
complex dual (alg, geo) dual complex
complex graduat (st) graded complex
complex liniar geo) linear complex
complex simplicial (top) simplicial complex
complex unidimensional (mat, t graf) graph
component (t g) compound
component principal (t g) chief constituent
component (alg, an) component; constituent; component of a vector
component/ circuit de ntrziere (aut, el) delay component
component a unui graf (t graf) graph component
component a unui vector (geo) vector component
component armonic fundamental/ cu frecvena cea mai mic. (el, tele)
fundamental harmonic
component de ordin par (alg) even order component
component de program (unitate de program logic independent) (inf)
program (me) component
component orizontal horizontal component
component tare conex (t graf) strong component
comportare (el, tele, mat) response; behaviour; behavior
comportare asimptotic (an) asymptotic behaviour
comportare n regim tranzitoriu (aut, el) dynamic response
comportare la limit/ la frontier (mat) boundary behaviour

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compoziie; compunere (mat) composition
compresie (t g) compression
comprima (a) (aut) pack
comprimare (t g) compression
comprimare a componentelor (inf) packing
comprimare a datelor (codificare a informaiei pe baza frecvenei de apariie a
simbolurilor unui alfabet) (inf) data compression
compune (a) compose
compunere a calculatorului (inf) hardware configuration
compus (mat) multiplex; composite
comun (mat) common; generic
comunicare interprocese (transferul informaiei ntre mai multe programe) (inf)
interprocess communication (IPC)
comunicare (t g, aut) information
comunicaie (el, tele, inf) interconnection; communication
comunicaie n reea (procedeu prin care datele sunt transmise ntre diferite
noduri ale unei reele) (inf, tele) network communication
comuta (a) (inf, alg, mec, alg, geo) switch; commute
comutabil (inf) switchable
comutant; comutator (alg) commutant
comutare (t sist, el) shift; switching over; interchange
comutare a pachetelor de mesaje (transfer dinamic al mesajelor divizate n
pachete ntre surs idestinaie) (inf) packet switching
comutare la curent nul (aut, el) zero-current switching (ZCS)
comutare multipl (tele) multiple connection
comutare telecomandat (aut) teleswitching
comutare (t g) changing-over
comutare; comutaie (aut, el, inf, alg) commutation; switching
comutativ (alg) commutative
comutativitate (mat, t g) interchangeability; commutativity
comutator (alg, el, inf, mec)commutator; break-and-make switch; collector;
interchanging switch; switch
comutator (ntreruptor) temporizat (aut, el) timer
comutator de acionare (el) action switch
comutator multiplu (el) multiple contact switch

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con (geo) cone
con asimptotic (geo) asymptotic cone
con circular drept (geo) right-circular cone; right cone
con director (geo) director cone
con format de tangente (geo) tangent cone
con izotrop (geo) isotropic cone
concatena (a) (t sist, el) concatenate
concatenare (el, t sist) concatenation
concav (an, geo) concave; nonconvex; cambered inwards
concavitate (an) concavity
concentrare (tele) beaming; bundling
concentrare a irurilor de date/ de informaii (inf) file consolidation
concentrare ntr-un punct (mat) compression
concentrator (inf) concentrator
concentric (geo) concentric
concentricitate (geo) concentricity
concept (l mat) concept
concept fundamental (l mat) fundamental principle; basic concept
conchide (a) (l mat) infer
conciclic (care se afl pe un acelai cerc) (geo) concyclic
concluzie (l mat) conclusion; deduction
concluzie eronat (l mat) fallacy
concoid (geo) conchoid
concurent (geo) concurrent
concuren (a mai multor activiti ntr-un sistem de calcul) (inf) concurrency
condensare a datelor (t g) compression
condensarea/ compresia imaginilor (reprezentarea imaginilor statice sau n
micare folosind un numr mai mic de bii) (inf) image compression
condensator electric (el) capacitor
condiia de transversalitate (t sist, an) transversality condition
condiia lui Lipschitz (e dif, an) Lipschitz condition
condiie (n limbajul ALGOL 60) (inf) if-clause
condiie (t sist, t g, mat) state; constraint; condition; requirement; requisite;
limitation
condiie asimetric (mat) dissymmetric condition

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condiie de adaptare (condiie de acionare similar a unui sistem de ctre
comand i de ctre nedeterminare) (t sist, aut) matching condition
condiie de legtur (care apare n studiul extremelor legate) (an) side condition
condiie de minim (t sist, an) minimum condition
condiie de minimalitate; condiie de rupere a lanului descendent (mat)
descending chain condition
condiie la limit; condiie pe frontier (e dif, edp) boundary condition
condiie necesar (mat) necessary condition
condiie necesar i suficient (mat) necessary and sufficient condition
condiie suficient sufficient condition
condiii de cauzalitate (t sist) causality condition
condiii de controlabilitate (de ex. un sistem liniar staionar ( A, B) de dimensiune n
n 1

este complet controlabil dac i numai dac rang [ B | AB | A B | ... | A B] n ) (t sist)


2

controllability conditions
condiii de observabilitate (de ex. un sistem liniar staionar ( A, C ) de dimensiune
T

T 2

n este complet observabil dac i numai dac rang [C | C A | C ( A ) | ...

| C T ( AT ) n1 ]T n ) (t sist) observability conditions


condiii de stabilitate (t sist) stability conditions
condiiiiniiale (e dif, edp) initial conditions
condiii la capete (edp) end conditions
condiii la frontier de radiaie (la infinit) (t sist, e dif) radiation boundary
conditions (RBC)
condiii limit (e dif, t sist) terminal conditions
condiii tehnice specifications
condiiile Cauchy-Riemann (an) Cauchy-Riemann (partial differential)
equations
condiionabilitate (t sist) conditionability
condiionat; condiional (mat, t sist) conditional
conduce (a) (inf, mec, t g) steer; carry; govern; direct; lead
conducere (t sist, aut) governing
conducere a proceselor (cu calculatoare) (inf) process control (system)
conducere a produciei (a unei uniti productive cu ajutorul calculatoarelor) (inf)
production control

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conduct de aducie (el) incoming circuit
conduct de legare la pmnt (el) earth connection
conduct/ circuit de intrare (aut, tele) incoming circuit
conductan invers (el) back conductance
conductan; conductibilitate (el) conductance; conductibility
conductivitate (el) electroconductibility
conductor (el) lead; conduit; wire
conductor de cablu (el) lead
conductor de legare la pmnt (el) earthing lead
conecta (a) (a introduce n circuit) (inf, alg, mec, el, t g) switch; fasten; turn on;
connect in; take over; engage
conecta (a) n serie (t sist, el) concatenate
conecta (a) un circuit de reacie (el, aut) couple back
conectare (el, t g) attachment; switching on; switching in; closing; bond
conectare a unitilor unui calculator (corespunztoare rezolvrii unei anumite
probleme) (inf) set (-)up
conectare/ cuplare n paralel (t sist, el) paralleling
conectare (trimitere) necondiionat (la o secven, instruciune etc) (inf)
unconditional branch
conectat-deconectat (el, aut) on-off
conectate n serie adiional (n acelai sens) (el) connected in series aiding
conectate n serie n opoziie (n sensuri diferite) (el) connected in series
opposition
conector (el) connector; key
conex (an, t graf) connected
conexiuneafin (geo) affine connection
conexiune (mat, mec, el, aut) connection; connexion; wiring; link
conexiune echipotenial (el) equalizer
conexiune n cascad (descompunere a unei scheme complexe ntr-un set de
scheme mai simple conectate n serie) (el, inf) cascaded connection
conexiune n serie (el) concatenated connection
conexiune invers negativ (el) negative feedback (NFB)
conexiune la mas (el) chassis ground
conexiune liniar (geo) arcwise connectedness
conexiune proiectiv (geo) projective connection

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conexiune serie-paralel (el, t sist) multiple series-connection
conexiune simetric (geo) symmetric connection
conexiune/ legtur I (inf) AND tie
configuraie (t g) figure
configuraie a echipamentului de calcul (inf) hardware configuration
configuraie a unui cod (inf) code pattern
configuraie de linii (alg, top) lattice
configuraii/ figuri congruente (geo) superposable configurations
confinare (delimitare) confinement
confirmare a corectitudinii unei operaii (inf) validation
confirmare; a confirma acknowledge
conform (an) conformal; angle-preserving
confuzie (aut) bias
congruent (geo, alg, mat) congruent; congruous; identical; superposable
congruen (alg, geo, arit, mat) congruence; identity
congruen de curbe (geo) congruence of curves
congruen liniar linear congruence
conic (n form de con) (geo, t g) tapered; conic (al)
conic (geo) quadric curve; conic
conic cu centru (geo) central conic
conic degenerat (geo) degenerate conic; improper conic
conicitate (geo) draft
conjectur (l mat) conjecture
conjugare conjugation
conjugat (mat, an) conjugate; associate; adjoint
conjuncie (l mat) logic product; conjunction
conoid (geo) conoid
conorm (an) conorm
consecin (t g) result; outcome
consecutiv (mat) consecutive
conservare (t g) maintenance
considera (a) view
considera (a) adevrat ceea ce trebuie n prealabil demonstrat (a face petitio
principii) beg the question
consistent (l mat) consistent

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consisten/ corectitudine a datelor (inf) data consistency
consol (prin care un operator comunic direct cu un sistem de calcul) (el, inf)
console
consol (t g) bracket; support
consolida (a) support
consolidare (t g) bracing
conspect syllabus (pl. syllabuses; syllabi)
constant (an, alg, st, top, mat, t sist, edp, mec) uniform; invariable; steady
constant pe poriuni (an) piecewise constant
constanta de timp a reelei (t sist, aut) network time constant (NTC)
constanta eroare de acceleraie (o amplificare din care se determin eroarea de
acceleraie) (t sist) acceleration error constant
constant aditiv (mat) addition constant
constant arbitrar (e dif) arbitrary constant
constant de atenuare/ amortizare (el, t g) decay constant
constant de integrare (an, e dif) integrating constant; constant of integration
constant de propagare (aut) transmission equivalent
constant matematic (mat) mathematical constant
constant simbolic (simbol al unui nume a crui valoare nu poate fi modificat,
n limbajul de programare C++) (inf) symbolic constant
constan (an, st, mat) uniformity; invariability; constancy
constanta/ puterea/ modulul omotetiei (geo) ray ratio
constata (a) (t g) discover; determine
constatare (recunoatere; confirmare) acknowledg (e)ment
constatat determined
constituire a unui tabel din memorie (inf) setting up
constituie (t g) composition
constrngeri logice (t graf) logical constraints
construcie (mat) construction
construcie (a unei elipse) cu ajutorul unui fir inextensibil (geo) string
construction
construirea unei curbe (an) curve-plotting
consultare a unui fiier (inf) file inspection; file reference
consum (t g) capacity; expenditure
consum de energie (t g, t sist) expenditure of energy

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contact (geo, an) contact; tangency; touch
contact de explorare a cartelelor perforate (inf) card contact
contact de lucru/ normal deschis (el, inf) open contact; normally open (NO)
contact
contact de ordinul al doilea (geo) osculation
contact de separare/ de ntrerupere (el) break contact
contact normal nchis/ de repaus (inf, el) closed contact; normally closed (NC)
contact; break contact
contactor cu contacte (normal) nchise (el) breaking switch
contiguitate (geo, mat) contiguity; adjacency
contiguu (geo) contiguous
contingen (geo) contingence
continuitate (an) continuity; invariability
continuitate egal (an, e dif) equicontinuity
continuitate uniform (an) uniform continuity
continuu (an, t sist) continuous; continuously; continued
continuupe poriuni (an) piecewise continuous; sectionally continuous
continuu la stnga/ la dreapta (an) continuous on the left/ on the right
continuu nedecompozabil (top) indecomposable continuum
continuum (an) continuum (pl.continua)
contor (mec) meter
contor/ numrtor reversibil; contor-decontor (aduntor-scztor) (inf)
bidirectional counter
contor binar (inf) binary counter
contor de comand/ de program/ de instruciuni (inf) control counter
contor de intervale (inf) interval timer; intervalometer
contor de operaii (inf) item counter
contor/ numrtor de cartele perforate (inf) card counter
contracta (a) (un tensor) (geo) contract
contracia unui tensor (an, geo) tensor contraction
contracie; contractare (an, geo, mat) fold (ing); contraction; shrink (age);
compression
contracurent (mec) backward flow
contradicie (l mat) inconsistence; inconsistency; contradiction
contradictoriu (l mat) contradictory; inconsistent

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contraexemplu (mat) counter-example
contragredient (geo) contragredient
contragredien (geo) contragredience
contralovitur (t g) backward push; back stroke
contramanda (a) (mat) cancel
contramandare (t g) cancellation
contraplac (el) backing plate
contrar (l mat, mat) contrary; opposed; inverse
contrar mersului acelor unui ceasornic (mat) counterclockwise
contrareacie (tele, t sist, aut, el) negative feedback (NFB); negative reaction;
degenerative feedback; inverse feedback; negative current feedback
contratensiune (el) backing-off voltage
contratorsiune (mec) back twist
contravariant (geo, alg) contravariant
contravarian (geo, alg) contravariance
contrazicere (l mat) contradiction
control (t sist, inf, aut, mat, t g) control; governing; controlling; proof; check;
check-up; checking; verification
control al mesajelor (separare a informaiei utile de cea de control i verificare a
structurii mesajului recepionat) (inf) message control
control al modulaiei (t sist, aut, el) dynamic range control
control al scrii (aut, t g) calibration
control al scrii instrumentului (aut, el) ranging
control al segmentrii memoriei (calculul adreselor i protecia sistemelor de
memorie) (inf) memory segmentation control
control automat (aut, t sist) automatic control; automatic testing
control cu cost garantat (metodologie de proiectare a unui controler robust cu
indicele de performan inferior unei valori date) (t sist) guaranted cost control
control cu model de referin (schem de control n care sistemul comandat imit
comportarea unui model de referin cu caracteristici ideale) (t sist) model
reference control
control cu model intern (structur de control cu reacie n care semnalul reacie
este egal cu diferena dintre ieirea sistemului i ieirea unui model al sistemului)
(t sist) internal model control (IMC)
control cu un ciclu (t sist) one-cycle control (OCC)

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control ierarhic (sistem dinamic al crui controlereste compus din mai multe
uniti de decizie coordonate de o unitate superioar) (t sist) hierarchical control
control liniar ptratic (t sist) linear quadratic (LQ) control
control liniar ptratic gaussian (t sist) linear quadratic Gaussian control
control marginal (el) marginal check (ing)
control multistrat (schem de control cu controlerul compus din mai multe
straturi de control) (t sist) multilayer control
control optimal (t sist, e dif) optimal control
control/ comand optimal () vag ()/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy optimal control
control/ reglare derivativ ()/ diferenial ()/ D (aut) derivative control
control robust (controlul unui sistem dinamic care menine performana dorit n
ciuda existenei unor erori sau nedeterminri) (t sist) robust control
control staionar (operaie asupra sistemului dinamicprin care starea procesului
este meninut constant) (t sist) steady-state control
control statistic (st) statistical check
control/ stabilizare a (l) frecvenei (aut, tele) frequency control
controla (a) (mat, inf) check; verify
controlabilitate (proprietatea sistemului de a transfera orice stare n starea nul
ntr-un interval de comand mrginit) (t sist) controllability
controlabilitate exact a sistemului infinit dimensional (t sist) exact
controllabilityof infinite dimensional system
controlabilitate ntr-un interval dat de timp (t sist) controllability on a given
time
controlabilitate ntr-un interval fixat (t sist) controllability in a fixed interval
controlabilitate la zero (controlabilitatea sistemului n starea final nul) (t sist)
null-controllability
controlabilitate local a sistemelor 2-D (t sist) localcontrollability of 2-D
systems
controlabilitate regulat (proprietatea unui sistem cu ecuaia de stare
x(t ) A(t ) x(t ) B(t )u(t ) de a avea toate subsistemele

i ( A, bi ) , i 1,..., m ,

complet controlabile, unde bi este coloana i a matricei B(t ) ) (t sist) regular


controllability
controlabilitate relativ (proprietatea unui sistem cu ntrziere pentru care orice

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stare iniial ( x(0), x0 ) poate fi transferat n orice stare final x(t f ) x f )
(t sist) relative controllability
controlabilitate selectiv (un sistem dinamic este controlabil selectiv n raport cu
variabila de stare i de ctre variabila de intrare j dac subsistemul comandat de
variabila de intrare u j (t ) are variabila de stare xi (t ) controlabil) (t sist)
selective controllability
controlabilitate spectral (proprietate a unui sistem dinamic pentru care orice
subsistem corespunztor unei valori proprii este controlabil) (t sist) spectral
controllability
controlabilitate uniform (proprietatea unui sistem dinamic care este controlabil
n orice interval de timp [t 0 , t1 ] ) (t sist) uniform controllability
controlabilitatea sistemelor nestaionare (gramianul de controlabilitate este
nesingular) (t sist) controllability of time varying systems
controlabilitatea sistemelor staionare (matricea de controlabilitate are rangul n)
(t sist) controllability of time invariant systems
controler (aut) operating switch
controler de comand (aut) pilot controller
controler de program (unitate care controleaz executarea instruciunilor i irul
operaiilor) (inf) program (me) controller
controler de strat limit (t sist) boundary layer controller
controler intrare-ieire (aparat utilizat pentru a conecta un dispozitiv periferic la
calculatorul principal) (inf) I/ O controller
controler vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy controller
controlor (t g) supervisor
controlor de secven (inf) watch dog
controlul reglajului la zero (t g) balance check
contur (an, geo, el, mat, t g) contour; circuit; girth (of a solid with equal cross
sections); boundary; loop; outline
coninut (mat, t g) volume; content
coninut informaional n bii/ n elemente binare de codificare (inf)
information bit content
coninut mediu de informaie (inf) average information content
conine (a) (t mul, mat) contain; include; involve

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coninut relativ de armonici (el) distortion factor
conucleu (alg) cokernel
converge (a) (an, geo) converge
convergent (an) convergent
convergen (an) convergence; convergency
convergenabsolut (an) absolute convergence; unconditional convergence
convergen n medie (an) mean convergence
convergen n probabilitate (t pr) probability convergence; stochastic
convergence
convergen rapid (an num) rapid convergence
convergen simpl (an) semiconvergence
convergen slab (an) weak convergence
convergen tare (an) strong convergence
convergen uniform (an) uniform convergence
conversie/ transformare a formei de reprezentare a datelor (inf) data
conversion
conversie/ translaie binar (inf) binary translation
conversie binar-zecimal (inf) binary to decimal conversion
converti (a se) n change over into
converti (a) reduce
convertire (inf) conversion
convertizor de cod (inf) decoder
convertor (el, aut) transducer
convertor A/ D Nyquist (convertor care eantioneaz semnale cu frecvena
maxim inferioar frecvenei Nyquist) (t sist, aut) Nyquist A/ D converter
convertor analogic-numeric (inf, aut, tele) analog to digital (A/ D) converter;
translator
convertor binar-zecimal/ zecimal Wiener (inf) binary decimal converter
convertor capacitiv analogic-numeric (aut) capacitance-typeanalog-to-digital
converter
convertor de cod (inf) translator
convertor (de date) paralel-serie (inf) serializer
convex (an, geo) convex; cambered outwards
convexitate (an, geo, t g) convexity; bulge
convoluie (mec, alg, an) resultant; convolution; fold (ing)

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convoluie periodic (an) periodic convolution
convorbire (tele) call
coomologie (top) cohomology
coomotopie (top) cohomotopy
coordonat (geo) coordinate
coordonata y (geo) y-coordinate
coordonata z (geo) z-coordinate
coordonat a unui vector (an, geo) component of a vector; vector component
coordonat a utilizatorului (coordonat specificat de utilizator i exprimat ntrun sistem de coordonate independent de dispozitivul de afiare al calculatorului)
(inf) user coordinate
coordonat generalizat (mec, e dif) generalizedcoordinate
coordonat spaial (edp) space coordinate
coordonat temporal (t sist, edp) time coordinate
coordonat universal (independent de dispozitivul de afiare) (inf) world
coordinate
coordonate bipolare (geo) bipolar coordinates
coordonate carteziene (geo) cartesian coordinates; grid coordinates; rectangular
coordinates
coordonate carteziene oblice (geo) oblique coordinates
coordonate cilindrice (geo, edp) cylindrical coordinates
coordonate curbilinii (geo, edp) curvilinear coordinates; Gaussian coordinates
coordonate curente (geo) current coordinates
coordonate geodezice (geo) geodesic coordinates
coordonate omogene (geo) homogeneous coordinates
coordonate ortogonale/ rectangulare (an, geo) normal coordinates; orthogonal
coordinates
coordonate parabolice. (geo) parabolic coordinates
coordonate polare n planul real euclidian (geo) polar coordinates in plane
coordonate polare n spaiu (geo) polar coordinates in space; spherical
coordinates
coordonate rectangulare (geo) rectangular coordinates
coordonate rectilinii (geo) rectilinear coordinates
coordonate sferice (geo) spatial polar coordinates; space polar coordinates;
polar coordinates in space

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coordonate tangeniale (geo) tangential coordinates
coordonate triliniare/ trilatere (geo) trilinear coordinates
coordonate variabile (geo) variable coordinates
copie (tele) image
copiere a unui fiier (inf) file copying
coplanar (geo) coplanar; complanar
coplanaritate (geo) coplanarity; complanarity
corect (mat, t g, l mat) correct; proper; true
corect pus (edp) well posed
corecta (a) (aut) rectify
corecta (a) reglarea (t sist) readjust
corectare (mat, inf, t sist) correction; adjustment; readjustment
corectare a cartelelor (perforate) (inf) card correction
corectare a erorilor datorate componentelor (aut, t sist) compensation
corectitudine (aut, l mat) validity; truth
corector/ egalizator/ compensator de ntrziere (aut, el) delay equalizer
corectur (mat, inf) correction
corecie (mat, inf) correction
corecie de indici (mat) index correction
corelaie (geo, mat) correlation; association
corelaie curbilinie (st) skew correlation
corelaie neobiectiv/ formalist (st) nonsense correlation
corespondent (mat) correspondent
coresponden (mat) association; correspondence
coresponden biunivoc (geo) homography
coresponden injectiv (an, alg) one-to-one correspondence
coresponden ntre dou figuri asemenea (geo) homothetic transformation;
homothety
coresponden omografic (geo) homographic correspondence
corespunztor (mat, t g) correspondent; proper; regular (r., reg.); suitable
corijare (mat, inf) correction
coroan circular (geo) annulus (pl. annuli)
corolar (mat) corollary
corp (geo, mec, an, mat, alg) body; field; domain; skew field; division ring
corp al coeficienilor (alg) coefficient field

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corp comutativ (alg) commutative field
corp convex (geo) convex body
corp de baz (alg) base field; ground field
corp de fracii (alg) quotient field
corp de numere (alg) number field
corp de redare (el, inf) reader
corp de revoluie (geo) solid of revolution
corp de rotaie (geo) rotor
corp geometric (geo) geometric solid
corp metabelian (alg) field of class two
corp ordonat (an) ordered field
corp solid (mat) solid
corp solid cu opt fee (geo) octahedron (pl. octahedrons/ octahedra)
corpul claselor/ mulimilor (mat) class field
corpul cuaternionilor (alg) quaternion field
corpul rdcinilor (alg) root field
cosinus (an) cosine
cosinus director (geo) direction cosine
cosinus hiperbolic (an) hyperbolic cosine
cosinusoid (an) cosinusoid
cot (al unei curbe) (geo, tele) jog; kink; knee
cotangent hiperbolic (an) hyperbolic cotangent
cotitur (t g) bend
courm (alg) cotrace
covariant (an, geo) covariant
covariaie (st) covariation
covector (alg) covector
cratim (liniu de unire) hyphen
creare i introducere a sarcinii pe calculator (inf) task creation
creare/ realizare a unui fiier (inf) file creation
creast a undei (edp, mec) wave-crest
cresctor (mat) ascending; increasing
cresctor sau descresctor (an) monotonic; monotone; monotonous
cresttur (an, mec) slit
cretere (a amplitudinii unor semnale) (inf) emphasis (EMP); increase

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cretere (a unei funcii/ a unei variabile) (an, mat) increment; growth
criteriu (an,mat) measure; criterion (pl.criteria)
criteriu de calitate pentru sistemul de reglare (t sist, aut) control criterion
criteriu de convergen (an) test of convergence
criteriu de integrare liniar (t sist) integral linear estimation
criteriu de ireductibilitate (alg) irreducibility criterion
criteriu de ordonare a informaiilor (inf) key
criteriu de stabilitate (t sist, e dif) stability criterion
criteriu minimax/ de minimizare a consecinelor maxim defavorabile (t j)
minimax principle
criteriul comparaiei (pentru convergen) (an) comparison test
criteriul generalizat de stabilitate Nyquist-Cauchy (t sist) generalized NyquistCauchy criterion
criteriul integral al lui Cauchy (an) integral test
criteriul mediei ptratice (ex. pentru determinarea calitii reglajului) (an num)
mean square estimation
criteriul Nyquist-Cauchy de stabilitate/ de transfer (t sist, e dif) Nyquist
criterion
criteriul rdcinii/ al lui Cauchy (an) root test
criteriul raportului/ al lui d'Alembert (an) ratio test
critic (an, mec) critical
crochiu (t g) outline
cronometrare timing
cronometru de interval/ de pauz (a crui conectare poate fi programat n timp)
(aut) interval timer; intervalometer
croet (mat) bracket; square bracket
cruce cross
cu aceeai arie (geo) equiareal
cu aciune direct (t g) direct acting
cu blocare automat (aut) self-locking
cu comand automat (aut) automatically operated
cu comand electric. (aut) electrically operated
cu destinaie multipl multipurpose
cu doi parametri (geo, e dif) two-parameter
cu dou adrese (inf) two-address

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cu dou cifre (aut) two-digit; two-figure
cu dou etape (t sist, st, inf) two-stage
cu dou foi (an) twoleaved; twoleafed; two-sheeted
cu dou laturi (geo, mec) two-sided
cu dou linii (alg) two-row (ed)
cu dou pnze (geo) parted
cu dou ramuri (an, t graf) two-branched
cu dou valori (l mat) two-valued
cu excepia (t g) except
cu ntrebuinri multiple multipurpose
cu mai multe ci (t g) multiway
cu mai multe canale (tele) multichannel
cu mai multe intrri i ieiri (t sist) multiple input multiple output (MIMO)
cu mai multe intrri i o singur ieire (t sist) multiple/ multi-input singleoutput (MISO)
cu numr par even-numbered
cu numitori diferii unlike
cu o singur fa (mat) one-sided; one/ single-sided
cu o singur pnz (geo) one-sheet; unparted
cu patru laturi; tetragonal (geo) quadrangular; quadrienal
cu reanclanare manual (el) hand-reset
cu reglare continu (inf, aut) infinitely variable
cu reglare numeric (inf, aut) numerically controlled
cu repoziionare manual (aut) hand-reset
cu simetrie sferic (geo, edp) spherically symmetric; spherosymmetric
cu stabilitate inerent/ intrinsec (t sist) inherent stable
cu sum de control (n limbaj COBOL) (inf) hashed
cu trei axe (geo) triaxial
cu trei fee (geo) three-faced
cu trei foi (an, geo) three-sheeted
cu trei indici (geo) three-index
cu trei puncte de ntoarcere (geo) tricuspid; three-cusped
cu un punct comun (geo) copunctual
cu un singur parametru (care depinde de un singur parametru) (alg, geo) oneparameter

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cu un singur termen single-term
cu valori complexe (an) complex valued
cu valori reale (an) real-valued
cuadratrice (geo) quadratrix (pl. quadratrices)
cuadratur (a unei suprafee) (an, geo) complanation; quadrature; squaring
cuadratura cercului (geo) squaring the circle
cuadratur numeric (an num) numerical quadrature
cuadric (geo) quadric surface
cuadric riglat (geo) ruled quadric
cuadrice homofocale (geo) confocal quadrics
cuadrifoliu (m) (geo) quadrifolium; quatrefoil
cuadripol (edp, inf) two-port network
cuadruplu (compus din patru) (arit) quadruple
cuant (mat, mec) quantum
cuantifica (a) quantify
cuantificare quantification
cuantificator (l mat) quantifier
cuantificator/ cuantor de existen/ existenial (l mat) existential quantifier
cuantil (t pr) positional average; quantile
cuartic (alg, geo) quartic
cuasi- quasicuasianalitic (an) quasi-analytic
cuasiarmonic (an) quasi-harmonic
cuasiciclic quasi-cyclic
cuasiconform (geo) quasi-conformal
cuasidiferenial (e dif) quasi-differential
cuasiinel (alg) quasi-ring
cuasiliniar (edp) quasi-linear
cuasiperiodic (e dif) quasi-periodic
cuasipolinom (an, e dif) quasi-polynomial
cuaternion (alg) quaternion
cub (corp) (geo, alg) cube; regular hexaedron
cubaj; cubatur (geo) cubage; cubature
cubic (alg, geo) cubic
cuboid (geo) cuboid

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culbut (afiare dinamic a unor elemente grafice care se rotesc n jurul unei axe
mobile n spaiu) (inf) tumbling
culegere (de date statistice) (st) canvassing
culegere de date compatibil cu prelucrarea pe calculator (inf) computercompatible data acquisition/ collection
cumulant (geo, st) semi-invariant
cumulare (mat, t g) addition
cunoatere knowledge
cunotine (despre fenomene, lucruri etc) knowledge
cupla (a) (mec, el) wire (up); engage
cuplaj de ghiduri de unde (el, tele) circulator
cuplaj de reacie/ invers (mec) back-coupling
cuplaj electromagnetic (el) electromagnetic clutch
cuplaj magnetic/ inductiv (tele) magnetic coupling
cuplaj reactiv/ de reacie (t sist, aut) feedback coupling
cuplare (codificare ce leag
dou programe/ subprograme
codificate separat) (inf) linkage
cuplare (mec) coupling; wiring; conjugation
cuplare la reea (el, tele) supply
cuplare magnetic (el) magnetic coupling
cuplat (inscripie) (t g) on
cuplu (mat) pair; couple
cuplu activ/ motor (el) driving torque
cupon justificativ (inf) vouchee; voucher
cuprinde (a) (ntr-un unghi) (mat, t mul) form; enclose; include; contain
cura (a) (pista de cartele) clear
curb (geo, alg) skew; curved; tortuous; twisted, torse
curba x4+x2y2=a2y2 (geo) kappa curve
curba x 2 y2 a2x2 a2y2 = 0 (geo) cruciform curve
curba 2=a2cos2 (geo) lemniscate
curba (a se) (t g) bow
curba luiGauss (t pr) bell-shaped curve
curba lui Peano (an) Peano curve
curb (an, geo, t g) curve; bend; flexion

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curbalgebric (alg, geo) algebraic curve
curbanalitic (an) analytic curve
curb/ dreapt directoare/ directrice (geo) directrix (pl.directrices)
curb/ funcie caracteristic (an, e dif, st) characteristic
curb a cuantilelor (st) graduation curve
curb a lniorului (el, geo, tele) catenary curve; chainette
curb algebric de gradul al aselea (alg, geo) sextic curve
curb amplitudine-faz (t sist, aut) log magnitude and phase diagram
curb caracteristic (mat, e dif, edp) family curve; characteristic curve
curb care mrginete o figur plan (geo) periphery
curb critic (st) rejection line
curba cubicy2 = x (x-a) (x-b) (geo) bipartite cubic
curb de atenuare (el) attenuation characteristics
curb de coordonate (geo) coordinate curve
curb de etalonare (t g) calibrating plot; calibration graph
curb de gradul al treilea (alg, geo) cubic
curb de intersecie a unei suprafee cu planul coordonatelor (geo) trace of a
surface
curb de nivel (an, geo) level curve
curb de ordin superior (>2) (geo) higher plane curve
curb de reacie (t sist, aut) reaction curve
curb de regresie (st) regression curve
curb de repartiie (t pr) error curve
curb de rezonan trece-band (el) band-pass response
curb de sensibilitate (t sist, aut, el) response characteristic/ curve
curb deschis (geo) open curve
curb diferenial (geo) derived curve
curb elicoidal (pe un cilindru circular) (geo, an) circular helix
curb focal (geo) focal line
curb n form de clopot (curba luiGauss) (t pr) bell-shaped curve
curb n form de dini de ferstru (inf) sawtooth curve
curb n spaiu/ strmb (geo) skew/ space/ twisted/ tortuous curve
curb nchis (an, geo) closed curve; closed graph
curb integral (e dif) integral curve
curb izotrop (geo) isotropic curve

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curb limit (n geometria lui Lobacevski) (geo) limit circle; border-line curve
curb limitrof. (geo) border curve
curb logistic (st) logistic curve
curb meridian (geo) meridian curve
curb neted (an) smooth curve
curb parabolic. (geo) parabolic curve
curb plan (geo) plane curve
curb rectificabil (curb a crei lungime se poate calcula) (geo, an) rectifiable
curve
curb simpl (an) simple curve
curb simpl nchis (an, geo) simple closed curve
curb spiral/ elicoidal (geo) helix (pl. helices); helical line
curb strmb (geo) three-dimensional curve
curb tautocron (geo, mec) tautochrone
curb transcendent (geo) transcendental curve
curb transversal (t sist, e dif) trajectory
curb unicursal/ raional (geo) unicursal curve; rational curve
curb/ caracteristic de rspuns (t sist, aut, el) response characteristic/ curve
curbare (pentru suprafee) (mat, t g) deformation; flexion
curbiliniu (mat) curvilinear
curbura lui Gauss (geo) Gaussian curvature
curbura total (a unei suprafee) (geo) Gaussian curvature
curbur (t g, geo) bending; flexure; camber; jog; flexion; curvature; bend
curbur geodezic (geo) geodesic curvature
curbur geometric (laplacian) (geo) geometric buckling
curbur medie (geo) average curvature
curbur minim (geo) least curvature
curbur principal (geo) principal curvature
curbur riemannian (geo) Riemannian curvature
curbur scalar (geo) scalar curvature
curbur total (geo) total curvature
curental oscilaiilor amortizate (el) decay/ decaying current (of transients)
curent (inf, mat) stream; serial
curent alternativ (el) alternating current (a.c./ AC)
curent amortizat/ aperiodic/ de frnare (el) damped current

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curent compensator (el) backing-off current
curent constant (el) steady current
curent continuu (el) direct current (d.c.; DC)
curent de gril pozitiv (el) backlash
curent de intrare/ de ieire n starea de sus/ n starea H (t sist, el) high-level
input/ output current
curent de meninere/ de blocare/ de repaus (aut, el) holding current
curent de punere la pmnt; curent teluric; curent de ntoarcere prin pmnt (el)
earth current
curent de regenerare/ de recuperare (la supraconductoare) (el) recovery current
curent de repaus (tele) steady current
curent de restabilire/ de revenire (aut) recovery current
curent efectiv/ eficace/ real (el) effective current
curent invers (el) back current; backward current; back flow
curent invers de gril (el) backlash
curent tranzitoriu (el) building-up current
curgere/ deriv (el, tele) drift
curgere n sens invers (el) back flow
curgere subteran (t g) underflow
curs (t g) throw
cursor (t g) slide
cutie (t g) box
cutie de distribuie (t g) cable box
cutie neagr (element cu structur necunoscut) (t sist, aut, el) black box
cutie pentru benzi magnetice (inf) carrying case
cutie pentru cartele perforate (inf) card holder
cutie terminal (pentru cabluri) (t g) cable box
cutie/ caset de transport (t g) // cutie pentru benzi magnetice (inf) carrying
case
cuvnt (arit, alg, l mat, aut) term; number
cuvnt (unitate de baz a informaiei stocate n memoria unui calculator) (inf)
word (w., wd.)
cuvnt al calculatorului (inf) machine word
cuvnt al unei instruciuni (de intrare/ ieire) (inf) command word
cuvnt cheie/ index (inf) index word

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cuvnt codificat/ cifrat descriptor
cuvnt coninut n instruciunea de salt (inf) call word
cuvnt de apel (inf) call word
cuvnt de cod (inf) code word
cuvnt de comand (inf) command word
cuvnt de instruciune (care reprezint o instruciune) (inf) instruction word
cuvnt de opt bii (inf) eight-bit/ byte (character)
cuvnt de stare al unui program (ansamblu de parametri ce caracterizeaz
execuia unui program) (inf) program (me) status word (PSW)
cuvnt de trecere (n reelele de calculatoare) (inf) password
cuvnt main (inf) word (w., wd.)
cuvnt memorie (numr maxim de componente ale unui vector binar transferabile
printr-un acces la memorie) (inf) memory word
cuvnt vid (alg, t sist) empty word

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dAlembertian (edp) wave operator
da (a) factor comun (alg, mat) take out a factor; factor out
dac if
dac i numai dac (mat) if and only if; iff (abbr.)
dat (dinainte) preassigned
dat (aut) datum
date (e dif, edp, mat, inf, t g, aut) data (pl) datum (sing); information
date de baz; date iniiale (mat, inf) basic data
date de ieire (ale unui calculator) (inf) output data
date iniiale (inf) initial data
date logice (date nenumerice care desemneaz o stare binar) (inf) logical data
date nenumerice (care desemneaz informaii cu caracter nenumeric) (inf) nonnumerical data
date numerice (mat) figures
date separabile (un semnal 2-D care poate fi scris ca produsul a dou semnale 1-D)
(t sist, inf) separable data
date sub form de tabel (inf, mat) tabular data
date variabile (inf, edp) variable data
date/ caracteristici de putere (ale unei maini) (t g) output data
date/ valori caracteristice ale buclei de reglare (aut, t sist) inherent
characteristic data
datele problemei problem data
de adunare (inf) summing
de ajuns (a fi) suffice
de ajustare matching
de alarm (aut) emergency
de amplificare (el)/ adj. amplifying
de baz (t g) basic; underlying; chief
de calculat; de calcul (an num, mat, inf) calculating; computational
de clas C 1 (an) continuously differentiable
de curbur (geo) osculating
de decaedru. (geo) decahedral
de dou ori (arit) twice; twofold
de exploatare/ de funcionare/ de lucru (regim/ condiii) (t g) operating (optg)
de funcii (an) functional

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de grad mai mare dect unu (mat) non-linear
de grad superior (alg) higher degree
de gradul al cincilea (alg, geo) quintic
de gradul al doilea (alg, geo) quadratic; quadric
de gradul al patrulea (alg, geo) quartic
de gradul al aselea; de ordinul al aselea (ex. ecuaie algebric de gradul al
aselea; curb de gradul al aselea) sextic
de gradul nti linear; lineal
de inflexiune (mat) inflectional; inflexional
de interpolare (an num) interpolating
de intersecie (geo) piercing
de msurat (t g) measuring
de modulaie (el) modulating
de ordin superior (mat) higher-order
de ordinul al cincilea (alg, geo) quintic
de ordinul al patrulea (alg, geo) quartic
de ordinul n nth order
de ptrat integrabil (an) quadratically integrable; square integrable
de ponderare (t sist, st) weighting
de racordare matching
de reglaj (aut) regulating
de rezerv (aut) emergency
de sczut (arit) subtractive
de secionare (geo, mec) sectional
de securitate (t g) safety
de selecie (t sist, st, inf) sampling
de siguran (t g) safety
de suprafa (geo) superficial; surface
de ase ori mai mare (arit) sextuple
de translaie (geo, inf) translational; translatory
de triangulaie (top, geo) triangulational
debit (t g, e dif) flow; capacity; output
debit insuficient (aut) underflow
debit nominal (t g) nominal output
debit/ flux de informaii (ca semnal n circuitul de reglare) (aut) information

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flow
debita (a) (aut) deliver
debloca (a) (el) release
deblocare (t g, tele) taking out; trigger; gating
debordare (mec) overflow
debreia (a) (aut) declutch
decad (aut, inf) decade
decaedric. (geo) decahedral
decaedru (geo) decahedron (pl. decahedrons, decahedra)
decagon (geo) decagon
decagonal (geo) decagonal; tensided
decalaj (t sist, mec, el, tele) time lag; offset
decalare (geo, alg, inf, mat, t g) displacement
decidabil (l mat) decidable
decidabilitate (l mat) decidability
decimal. (arit) decimal; denary
decizie (t g) decision
decizie prin determinarea optimum-ului cu ajutorul metodei n reea (drumul
critic) (t graf) decision mapping via optimum networks (DEMON)
declana (a) (el, t g) turn (-)off; initiate
declanare (el, tele) switching off; switching out; gating
declanare n cascad (el, t sist) concatenation
declanat (t g) open
declanator (mecanism) (t g) trigger
declanator al butonului de apsare (aut, tele) tab
declaraie (instruciune referitoare la atributele datelor utilizate ntr-un program)
(inf) declaration/ declarative statement
decoda (a) (inf) decode
decodifica (a) (t sist, inf) decipher
decodificare (inf) decoding
decodificare a (codului) instruciunii de ctre unitatea central de calcul (inf)
instruction decoding
decodificare de similitudine (inf) maximum likelihood detection
decodificator cititor/ lector (inf) reading encoder
decodificator de semnal (inf) decoder

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decodor (inf) decoder
decompozabil (mat) separable
deconecta (a) (aut, el, tele, inf, alg, mec, mat, inf) release; uncouple; cut-out;
disengage; free; turn (-)off; disconect; switch; break
deconectare (el, tele, t sist, aut, t g) switching off; switching out; clearing;
disconnecting; disconnection; opening of a connection; shut down; discoupling;
decoupling
deconectat (el, t g) open; out
deconectat temporar (inf, t g) off-line
decrement de amortizare/ de atenuare (t g) decrement of damping
decupare (a programului) (inf) segmentation
decupla (a) (aut, t sist, el, t g) declutch; uncouple; decouple; release; detach;
disengage; shut down
decuplare (t sist, aut, el) discoupling; decoupling; uncoupling
decuplat (inscripie) (t g) off (o)
decuplor (aut) decoupling network
deduce (a) (l mat, mat) deduce; infer; deduct
deducere; deducie (l mat, an) inference; derivation
deductibil (l mat) deducible
deductibilitate (l mat) deducibility
deductiv (bazat pe deducie) (l mat) deductive
deducie (l mat) deduction
deducie greit (l mat) fallacy
deducie n lan (n luarea deciziilor) (inf) chaining
defazaj (aut, el, mec) alteration of phase; lagging; phase shift
defazaj n urm (t sist, aut, el, tele, mec) lag; retardation
defazare (el, tele) retardation
defect (el, mat) defect; defective; failing; vacancy
defect (n funcionare) (t g) failure; fault; out; out of order (OOO)
defect/ pat de mozaic (tele) blemish
defect de memorie (inf) blemish
defect (uos) faulty; defective
defectare (t g) disturbance; disturbancy
defectat faulty
defeciune (t g) disturbance; disturbancy

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deficient defective; faulty
deficien (t g) fault
defini (a) (t sist, t g, mat) state; define
definibil (care poate fi definit) definable
definire (mat, st) determination; certainty
definire a sistemului (sum a documentelor care definesc detaliat un sistem
informatic proiectat) (inf) system definition
definire formal a semanticii (limbajelor de programare) (inf) formal semantics
definit (mat) definite
definiie (determinare a noiunilor) (l mat) definition
definiie recursiv (l mat) recursive definition
deflection; deflexion (el, tele) baleiaj; deviaie; deflexie
deforma (a) (t g) distort; deform; strain
deformabil deformable
deformabilitate (geo, edp) deformability
deformare (mat, t g, geo)- deformation; distortion; bending; flexure; strain
degaja (a) (el) free
degenera (a) (mat) degenerate
degenerare; degenerescen (mat) degeneration; degeneracy; degeneracy
degrada (a) (inf) break
demprit (alg) dividend
denmulit (alg) multiplicand
delimita (a) (mat, geo, t g) locate; intercept; subtend; limit
delimitare (t g) location; restraint
delimitator de date (la calculatoare) (el, inf) separator
deltoid (geo) deltoid
demodulare; demodulaie (tele) demodulation; detection
demodulator (dispozitiv care extrage informaia util dintr-un semnal modulat)
(tele) demodulator
demonstra (a) (mat, l mat) establish; show; prove; demonstrate
demonstrat mai sus (mat) proved above
demonstraie (mat) argument; demonstration; proof
demonstraie deductiv (l mat) deductive proof
demonstraie prin reducere la absurd (mat, l mat) indirect proof; reductio ad
absurdum proof; proof by contradiction

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demultiplicare (mat) scaling
demultiplicator (mat, el) scaler
demultiplicator binar (inf) binary scaler
demultiplicator pentru instalaii de pregtire a datelor (aut, inf) data logger
scaler
denaturare degeneracy
dendritic (mat) dendritic
denota (a) denote
dens dense
dens peste tot (an) everywhere dense
densitate (mat, mec, tele) density; intensity
densitate de mpachetare/ de integrare (t g, el) packaging/ packing density
densitate de informaie (inf) packaging/ packing density
densitate de nregistrare (a unei memorii) (inf) packaging/ packing density
densitate de probabilitate (t pr, st) probability density
densitate de putere a unei unde electromagnetice field intensity
densitate de repartiie/ de probabilitate (t pr) density function; distribution
density
densitate scalar (geo) scalar density
densitate tensorial (an, geo) tensor density
denumi (a) (mat, t g) denominate; note; mark
denumire (arit, alg, l mat) term; designation
deosebi (a se) (n raport cu) (an) differentiate (with respect to)
deosebire (an) differentiation
depanare (ansamblu al operaiilor efectuate dup detectarea unei defeciuni) (t g)
corrective maintenance; breakdown service
depanare a componentelor unui sistem de calcul (inf) hardware debugging
depanare a unui program (inf) program (me) debugging
depi (a) (aut, tele) overshoot
depire (aut) overflow
depire a domeniului de reglare (aut, tele) overshoot
depire a posibilitii dereprezentare corect (a unui rezultat, a capacitii de
memorare) (inf) overflow
depire negativ (inf) underflow
dependent (mat, t sist) conditional; dependent; dependant

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dependen (mat) dependence
dependen funcional (an) functional dependence
dependen liniar (an, alg) linear dependence
deplasa (a) (geo, inf) translate; transfer (trans.)
deplasare (a poziiei ocupate de fiecare bit al unui sistem binar n cadrul unui
registru sau al unei locaii de memorie) (inf, aut, t sist, geo, alg, t g) shifting;
offset; transfer (trans.); translation and rotation; movement; shift; displacement
deplasare a coninutului de pe display n sus sau n jos (la calculatoare) (inf)
scroll
deplasare circular/ ciclic (prin care un bit este adus dintr-o poziie extrem n
cealalt) (inf) circular shift
deplasare constant a poziiilor unor elemente grafice (inf) translation
deplasare n timp (operator care, aplicat semnalului x(t ) , produce semnalul
x(t ), 0 ) (t sist) time shift

deplasare lateral de semne (metod folosit n informatic pentru deplasarea


unor semne atunci cnd urmeaz altele) (inf) pair kerning
deplasat (t g) out
depozit (secret) (inf) cache
depune (a) (t g) file
deranja (a) mec, t g) disturb
deranjament (aut, t g) mismatch; breakdown; fault; faulting
deranjat (aut, t sis, t g) disturbed; out of order (OOO)
dereglare (aut) mismatch
dereglat (t g) out-of-balance; out of order (OOO); off-balance
deriv (aut) drift
deriva (a) (an,t g, t sist) derive; differentiate; bridge; branch
derivabil (an) derivable; differentiable
derivabilitate (an) derivability; differentiability
derivare (n gramaticile formale) (inf, an) derivation; parsing; fork
differentiation
derivare numeric (an num) numerical differentiation
derivat (an, mat) derivative; differential coefficient; differential quotient
derivata a doua (an) second derivative; second differential coefficient; flexion
derivata la dreapta (an) forward derivative
derivata unei funcii (an) derivative of a function; differential coefficient of a

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function
derivat absolut (geo) intrinsic derivative
derivat areolar (an) areolar derivative
derivat central/ centrat (an) central derivative
derivat covariant (geo) covariant derivative
derivat de ordin superior ( n 2 ) (an) higher derivative; derivative of higher
order
derivat dup o direcie (an) directional derivative
derivat n raport cu timpul (edp) time derivative
derivat la stnga (an) backward derivative
derivat normal/ dup normal (edp) normal derivative
derivat parial (an) partial derivative
derivat parial mixt (an) mixed partial derivative
derivat total/ substanial (an) total derivative
derivaie (el, t g) by-pass; bend
derulare/ rulare (a unui program) (inf) course
derulare a unui program (inf) program (me) run
descrcare invers (mec) back-kick
descendent (mat) descending
deschide (a) (parantezele) (alg) remove the parantheses
deschidere (el) switching off; switching out
deschidere a unui fiier (anterior prelucrrii acestuia) (inf) file opening
deschiderea parantezelor (alg) removal of brackets
deschis (el, t g) off (o); open; out
descifra (a) (t sist, inf) decipher; decode
descompune (a se) (alg, inf) split
descompune (a) (t g) breakdown; resolve
descompune (a) n factori (arit, alg) factor; factorize
descompunere (t g) break-up; splitting; analysis (pl. analyses); decay; decaying
descompunere a imaginii (el, tele, aut) scan
descompunere a unei fracii n fracii pariale (mat) decomposition to partial
fractions
descompunere n factori (alg) factoring; factorisation
descompunere n operaii elementare (inf) factoring; factorisation
descompunerea Kalman a sistemelor liniare (orice sistem liniar finit dimensional

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poate fi descompus n patru subsisteme: controlabil i neobservabil, controlabil i
observabil, necontrolabil i neobservabil, necontrolabil i observabil; matricea de
transfer descrie doar subsistemul controlabil i observabil) (t sist) Kalman
decomposition of linear systems
descompunerea unei fore (mec) resolution of a force
descompunerea unui sistem (operaie de separare a unui sistem complex n
subsistemele sale; de exemplu descompunerea Kalman a sistemelor liniare
staionare evideniaz prile controlabil i neobservabil, controlabil i
observabil, necontrolabil i neobservabil, necontrolabil i observabil ale
sistemului) (t sist) decomposition of a system
descompunerea vectorilor (an) resolution of vectors
descoperi (a) (t g) detect; discover
descresctor (mat) decreasing; descending; downward
descretere (mat) decrease; narrowing
descriere (t g) outline
descriere a unui lan de caractere ntr-un limbaj de programare (inf) picture
descriere semantic (a unui program) (inf) semantic description
descriere structurat a unui limbaj (inf) syntax
descriptor de sarcin (totalitate a parametrilor ce caracterizeaz o sarcin a
calculatorului) (inf) task descriptor
descriptor de segment (date de identificare a unui segment-program) (inf)
segment descriptor
desemna (a) designate
desen (mat, t g) drawing; draft; outline; figure
desen al cartelei (inf) card layout
desen explicativ (t g, t sist, mat) diagram
desena (a) (alg, geo, inf, t g) trace; spur; delineate; design
desena (a) un plan (t g) plot
deeu rezultat din perforarea unei benzi de hrtie (inf) chip
desfura (a se) (geo) unroll
desfura (a) (mat, alg, an, geo) expand; unwind; develop
desfurabil (geo) applicable
desfurabil (geo) developable surface; torse
desfurabilitate (geo) developability
desfurare (t g) development

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desfurare a unei curbe (geo) development of a curve
desfurare a unei suprafee sau a unui corp (geo) development
desfurat (geo) evolute
desfurtoare (geo) evolvent; involute
detaa (a) (t g) detach
detaare (t g) detachment
detecta (a) (el, tele) detect
detecta (a) erori/ defeciuni diagnose
detectabil; decelabil detectable
detectabiltate (proprietatea unui sistem referitoare la existena unei injecii
stabilizatoare dup ieire; la sistemele LTI este caracterizat de observabilitatea
modurilor instabile). (t sist) detectability
detectare (t sist, aut) sensing; detecting; detection
detectare a erorilor (verificare la destinaie a corectitudinii transmiterii datelor)
(inf) error detection; error control
detecie (tele, el) detection; rectifying
detector (aut) sensing device/ element
detector (aut, tele) detecting instrument; detecting element
detector de erori (inf) error sensing device
detector negru (total absorbant) (el, tele) black detector
deteriorare; a deteriora (t g) damage
deteriorat defective; faulty
determina (a) (o valoare) (mat, t sist, t g) state; specify; define; find; mete;
determine; fix
determina (a) aria (unei suprafee) (alg, geo) square; quadrate
determina (a) volumul corpurilor (geo, alg) cube
determinabil definable
determinant s. (alg) determinant; significant; alternant
determinant funcional; iacobian (an) functional determinant; Jacobian
determinant
determinant minor (alg) minor determinant
determinant principal (alg) principal determinant
determinant simetric (alg) symmetric determinant
determinant strmb simetric (alg) skew-symmetric determinant
determinantul lui Gram (an) Gramian; Gram determinant

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determinantul lui Hesse (geo) hessian
determinare (mat, st) determination; certainty; definiteness
determinarea unui semnal (din convoluia sa cu funcia pondere a unui sistem
necunoscut) (t sist) blind deconvolution
determinarea volumului unui corp (geo) cubage; cubature
determinat (l mat, mat, t g) decidable; determined; definite; determinate; preset
devia (a) (de la dreapt) (mat) deflect; deviate; spray; branch
deviaie (el, tele, st) throw; deviation
deviaie de la zero (aut) origin distortion
deviaie de msurare (aut) indication error
deviaie remanent (de la valoarea prescris) (aut) offset
deviere (oprire a executrii unui program urmat de lansarea unui program de
tratare a devierilor) (inf) trap
dezacord (aut, l mat) incongruity
dezacordare (t g) unbalance
dezagregare (t g) decay; decaying
dezasamblare pachet (proces de extragere a unui mesaj dintr-un pachet) (inf)
packet disassembly
dezbrcare (operaie mecanic executat de un nregistrator cu o band magnetic)
(inf) take (-)up
dezechilibrat (t g) out-of-balance; off-balance
dezechilibru (t g) unbalance
dezintegrare (t g) decay
dezvolta (a) un determinant (mat, alg, an, geo) expand; develop
dezvoltabilitate (geo) developability
dezvoltare (n serie) Fourier (an) harmonic expansion; Fourier expansion
dezvoltare (n serie) Taylor (an) Taylors expansion
dezvoltare (mat, alg, t g) evolution; development
dezvoltare asimptotic (an) asymptotic expansion
dezvoltare dup formula binomului lui Newton (alg) binomial expansion
dezvoltare n serie (a unei funcii) (an) expansion in a series; progressive
development; series expansion; serial development
dezvoltare Laurent (an) Laurent expansion
diad (geo) dyad
diadic (mat) dyadic

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diagnostic hard (program pentru localizarea defectelor unui subsistem hardware)
(inf) hardware diagnostic
diagnostic software (n raport cu un produs program) (inf) software diagnostic
diagnostica (a) diagnose
diagonal (alg, geo, an) diagonal
diagonala secundar a unui determinant (alg) secondary diagonal of a
determinant
diagonaliza (a) (a aduce la forma diagonal) (alg) diagonalize
diagonalizare (alg) diagonalization
diagram (mat, t graf, inf, t g, t sist) diagram; graph; chart; scheme; schema (pl.
schemata); functional diagram; plot; card; figure
diagram a operaiilor succesive (aut) process chart
diagram a organizrii organization chart
diagram a procesului (aut) process chart
diagram Bode (caracterizare grafic a rspunsului frecvenial al sistemului) (t sist,
aut) Bode diagram/ plot; log magnitude and phase diagram
diagram ciclic/ a cercului (geo) circle diagram
diagram de indicatoare (aut) indicator diagram
diagram de stri (graf orientat utilizat pentru descrierea transformrii intrareieire realizate de un sistem) (t sist) state diagram
diagram de structur (st) pattern chart
diagram funcional (la prelucrarea electronic a datelor) (inf) action chart
diagram n form de coloane (st) bar
diagram Karnaugh (reprezentare a unui table de adevr) (l mat) Karnaugh
map
diagram Nyquist (loc de transfer Nyquist al caracteristicii de frecven) (t sist)
Nyquist diagram/ plot
diagram poli-zerouri (reprezentare grafic a transformatei Laplace utilizat
pentru determinarea stabilitii unui sistem) (t sist, aut) pole-zero plot
diagram sinoptic/ de demonstraie (tele) dynamic demonstrator
dialog ntre operator i calculator (inf) communication
diametri conjugai (geo) conjugate diameters
diametru (al unei conice) (geo) diametral line (in a conic)
diametru (geo) diameter; diametral line
diametru interior (geo, mat) inside diameter; bore

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dicionar de date (inf) data dictionary
dicionar de simboluri (totalitate a simbolurilor declarate ntr-un program i a
atributelor acestora) (inf) symbol dictionary
diedru (figur format de dou semiplane mrginite de aceeai dreapt) (geo, mec)
dihedral; dihedron; two-sided
dielectric (el) insulator
difazat (el) diphase
difeomorfism (top, geo) diffeomorphism
diferena de ordinul nti (an num) first difference
diferena de retur (t sist) return difference
diferena dintre abscisele a dou puncte (geo, st) run
diferena dintre ordonatele a dou puncte (geo) rise
diferen (alg, an, mat) remainder; difference
diferen de ordinul al doilea (an num) second order difference; second finite
difference
diferen divizat (an) divided difference
diferen simetric (t mul) symmetric difference
diferenia (a) (an) differentiate
difereniabil (an) differentiable
difereniabilitate (an) differentiability
difereniala unei funcii (an) differential of a function
difereniala unui arc (an) differential of arc
diferenial (an, aut) differential; differential quantity; D action
diferenial a arcului unei curbe (an, geo) element of arc length; linear element
diferenial exact/ total (an, e dif) exact differential; total differential
difereniere (an) differentiation
diferit de unlike
difuz (mat, tele) fuzzy
difuzie (edp, mec) diffusion
digit (mat, inf) digit
digital (arit, inf) numerical; digital
digitizare (exprimare sub form numeric a unor date care nu sunt discrete) (inf,
aut) digitization
digitizor (aut, inf) digitizer
dilata (a) (t g) expand

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dimensiona (a) (t g) measure
dimensional (cu privire la mrime/ cantitate) dimensional (as regards size/
quantity)
dimensionare (t g) dimension
dimensiune (mat, t g) dimension; size; extent
dimensiune interioar (t g) intermediate space
dimensiune orizontal (a imaginii) (el, tele) width (w.)
diminua (a) (an, t g) minify; diminish; narrowing
diminuare (a unei fracii ordinare) (mat, mec, t g) reduction; decrease; decay
dimorfism (an) dimorphism
din afar (t g) out
din fa (geo, mat) obverse
dinam (el) generator
dinamic (t sist, mec) dynamic (al)
diplexor (separator de ci de anten/ de frecvene) (el, tele) diplexer
dipol (e dif, inf) two-pole network
direct (nemijlocit) (mat, geo, t g) immediate; straight; direct
direcie (inf, mat, t g) address (ADR); bearing; direction; course
direcie asimptotic (geo) asymptotic direction
direcie de blocare a unui contact redresor (el) back direction of a rectifying
contact
direcie oblic (geo) slant
direcii conjugate (pe o suprafa) (geo) conjugate directions
direcional (mat) directional
dirija (a) (aut) pilot; regulate; orient; direct
dirijat (geo, an) sensed
dirijat n sus upward
disc (mat) disk
disc calibrat/ etalonat (el) calibrated dial
disc de memorie cu acces aleatoriu (zon a memoriei n care sunt stocate temporar
programe i/ sau date) (inf) RAM disk
disc fix al unei reele (hard-disc al unei reele de calculatoare la care pot avea
acces toi utilizatorii acesteia) (inf) network hard disk
disc magnetic dur/ fix/ Winchester (pentru stocarea informaiilor) (inf) hard
disk

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disc magnetic subire i flexibil (pentru memorii) (inf) floppy-disk
dischet (inf) floppy-disk
disciplin (ramur a unei tiine) branch of science; branch of knowledge; field
of study
disciplin de servire/ de ateptare (c op) queueing discipline
discontinuitate (an, t g, mat) discontinuance; discontinuity; gap; transition
discontinuitate de prima spe (an) jump discontinuity
discontinuu (t sist, an, mat) discrete; discontinuous
discret (t sist, an, mat) discrete
discretizare (a unei reprezentri analogice) (inf, aut) digitization
discriminant (care stabilete o deosebire) (alg, e dif, geo) discriminant
discriminare (demodulare de frecven) (aut, tele) discrimination
discriminator de distan/ de gam (aut, tele) range discriminator
disimetrie (t g, mat) dissymmetry
disipare; disipaie (mat, el, mec) dissipation
disjunct (t mul) disjoint
disjuncte dou cte dou (t mul) mutually disjoint
disjunctor (el) circuit breaker (CB); cut-out
disjunctor de faz (aut) open-phase protection
disjunci doi cte doi; disjuncte dou cte dou (t mul) pairwise disjoint
disjuncie (l mat, inf) logic sum; alternation; inclusive OR
disjuncie complet (l mat) maxterm
dislocare (t g) disturbance; disturbancy
dislocare paralel (t g) parallel displacement
disociere splitting
dispecer (t g) supervisor
dispersa (a) (t g) breakdown
dispersie (t pr, t g) variance; break-up
dispersie n interiorul claselor (dispersie interioar) (st) internal variance
dispersie relativ (st) related variance
disponibil (mat, mec) available
dispozitiv/ aparat de control (aut, t g) checking implement; auxiliary apparatus;
appliance; apparatus; device; element; instrument
dispozitiv/ echipament de intrare (pentru introducerea datelor i instruciunilor
n sistemele de calcul) (inf) input device

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dispozitiv automat compact de regsire a datelor (inf) compact automatic
retrieval device (CARD)
dispozitiv care amplific semnalul digital dintr-un cablu al unei reele locale de
calculatoare (inf) repeatear
dispozitiv codificator-decodificator (codec) (inf) codec
dispozitiv de acionare (aut, el) actuating appliance
dispozitiv de afiare (inf) monitor
dispozitiv de codificare (inf) coder
dispozitiv de codificare numeric (aut, inf) digitizing equipment
dispozitiv de comand (aut, t sist) control device
dispozitiv de comand/ de acionare (aut); bra de citire-scriere (inf) actuator
dispozitiv de complementare (el) complementer
dispozitiv de comutare/ de conectare (el) electric (al) interlock board
dispozitiv de convertire analogic-numeric (aut, inf) digitizer
dispozitiv de convertire de cod a datelor (inf) input translator
dispozitiv de cuplare (aut, t g) adapter
dispozitiv de decuplare (de detaare) (aut) uncoupling device; decoupling
network
dispozitiv de editare a textelor (inf) word processor
dispozitiv de eantionare (aut, el, tele) sampler
dispozitiv de extragere a cartelelor (inf) card output station
dispozitiv de frnare la mersul n gol (aut) anticreep device
dispozitiv de golire (de aducere la zero) (inf) clearing device
dispozitiv de ntrziere (t sist, aut, el) delay system; time-lag device
dispozitiv de interpretare (aut, el) interpreter procesor
dispozitiv de memorare cu acces direct/ selectiv (inf) direct access storage
device (DASD)
dispozitiv de predicie (inf) predictor
dispozitiv de prelucrare a datelor codificate numeric (inf) digital data
processor
dispozitiv de protecie (contra ntreruperii unei faze) (el) open-phase protection
dispozitiv de reglare cu nfurare de cmp n derivaie (aut) tap-field control
dispozitiv de stabilizare (aut) compensating network; governor
dispozitiv de stocare n mas a datelor (pe caset magnetic) (inf) streamer
dispozitiv de urmrire (inf) follower

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dispozitiv funcional (subsistem al unui calculator care efectueaz un set bine
definit de operaii) (inf) function (al) unit
dispozitiv grafic al calculatorului care comand alinierea obiectelor la punctele
indicate (inf) snap
dispozitiv intrare-ieire (dispozitiv ataat unui calculator care i furnizeaz
intrrile i memoreaz ieirile) (t sist) I/ O device
dispozitiv pentru generarea semnalelor (aut) sensor
dispozitiv pentru ghidarea cartelelor (inf) card aligner
dispozitiv pentru interclasarea cartelelor (inf) card collator
dispozitiv pentru specificarea coordonatelor unui punct (inf) joystick
dispozitiv pentru variaia capacitii (el) capacity controller/ regulator
dispozitiv/ mecanism de blocare (aut) locking mechanism
dispozitiv/ program receptor de informaie (inf) destination
dispozitiv/ schem/ circuit de integrare (t sist, aut, an) integrator
distana cea mai scurt (geo) shortest distance
distan (geo, an, top, mat) space; length; gap; distance
distan de ncadrare/ de detectare (tele) detecting/ detection range
distan focal (geo) focal distance; focal length
distan geodezic (an, geo) geodesic distance
distan Hamming (numr de componente omoloage dar de valori diferite a doi
vectori binari) (inf) Hamming distance
distan ntre centre/ ntre axe (geo) centre-to-centre distance
distan ntre frecvene (tele) frequency spacing
distan ntre vrfuri/ ntre centre/ ntre axe (geo) centre distance
distan Mahalanobis (utilizat n reguli de decizie) (c op) Mahalanobis
distance
distanier (la calculatoare) (el, inf) separator
distinge (a se) (n raport cu) (an) differentiate (with respect to)
distorsiona (a) (t g) distort
distorsiune (el, t g) biased error; distortion
distorsiune armonic (a formei de und); distorsiune neliniar (aut, tele)
waveform distortion
distorsiune/ anomalie de origine (tele) origin distortion
distorsiune de mod/ de und (aut, tele) mode distortion
distorsiune n regim tranzitoriu (el) decay nonlinear distorsion

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distribuire (t g) distribution
distribuire/ aezare ntr-o ordine determinat (mat, t sist, t g, st) array
distribuitor (dispecer) de probleme (de teme) (inf) task dispatcher; selective
digit emitter
distribuia (Laplace-) Gauss; distribuia normal/ gaussian (t pr) Gaussian
distribution
distribuia ; funcia a lui Dirac (pentru sistemele continue); funcia (n) 1
pentru n 0 i (n) 0 pentru n 0 (pentru sistemele discrete) (an) unit
impulse; delta function
distribuia normal/ exponenial Laplace-Gauss (t pr) Laplace distribution
distribuia/ funcia delta/ a lui Dirac (an, t sist) delta function
distribuie (t sist, an, t g) allocation; generalizedfunction; assignation
distribuie de probabilitate (t pr) probability distribution
distribuie de timp (aut, inf) time sharing
distribuie intercalat (inf) interlacing; interleave
distribuie singular (t pr, an) singular distribution
distributiv (mat) distributive
distributivitate (alg, mat) distributivity
distruge (a) (o informaie, o dat inutil) (inf) unsave
distrugere a sarcinii (inf) task destruction
divergent (an, t pr) divergent
divergent (a fi) (an) diverge
diversitate (mat) multiplicity
diviza (a) (mat) divide
divizare (mat, t g) division; partition; distribution; graduation
divizare a timpului (aut, inf) time sharing
divizat (mat) divided
divizibil (a fi) cu (mat) contain
divizibil (a fi) prin (mat) divide
divizibil (arit, alg, mat) divisible; separable
divizibil n pri orict de mici finitely separable
divizibilitate (arit, alg) divisibility
diviziune (mat, t g) division; partition; graduation
diviziune a unui program (inf) segment

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diviziune orizontal (a unei cartele perforate) (inf) curtate
divizor (alg, arit, an,mat, el) divisor; measure; factor; scaler
divizor al lui zero (alg) divisor of zero; zero divisor
divizor al unui numr ntreg (arit) factor of integer
divizor al unui polinom (alg) factor of polynomial
divizor comun (arit) common divisor
divizor elementar (alg) elementary divisor
divizor normal (alg) normal divisor; normal subgroup
dobnd (arit) rate of interest
document (inf, t g) vouchee; voucher; record (rec.); document
documentare/ documentaie a unui program (totalitate a documentelor unui
program) (inf) program (me) documentation
documente (inf) files
documente nepertinente (inf) noise
dodecaedru (geo) dodecahedron
doi cte doi (mat) pairwise
domeniu (an, alg, mat, geo, top, t g) domain; field of study; region; space; zone;
field; branch; extent; limit
domeniu al coeficienilor (alg) coefficient region
domeniu (de variaie) al unei variabile (an) range of a variable
domeniu conex (an) connected domain
domeniu critic (st) rejection domain
domeniu de aplicare (mat; tg) application; field of application
domeniu de atracie (domeniu care include starea de echilibru a unui sistem de
ecuaii difereniale sau cu diferene i pentru care toate traiectoriile cu starea
iniial n domeniu converg la starea de echilibru) (t sist, e dif) region of
attraction
domeniu de convergen (an) region of convergence
domeniu de definiie (an) domain of definition; field of definition; range of
definition
domeniu de definiie al unei funcii (an) domain of a function
domeniu de funcionare/ de acionare/ de reglare (aut, el, tele) operating range
domeniu de integritate (inel comutativ fr divizori ai lui zero) (alg) integral
domain; integral ring; domain of integrity
domeniu de neprimitivitate (alg) system of imprimitivity

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domeniu de reglare (aut, t sist) range of regulation/ setting
domeniu de respingere a ipotezei (st) rejection domain
domeniu de sincronizare (aut, el) hold range
domeniu de stabilitate (t sist, e dif) stability region; stability field
domeniu de stabilitate asimptotic (t sist, e dif) region of asymptotic stability
domeniu (sistem) de tranzitivitate (alg) system of transitivity
domeniu nchis (an) closed domain; closed region
domeniu majorant (an) majorizing region
domeniu simplu conex (an) simply connected region
domeniu/ de msurare/ de variaie (el, inf, tele) range
domeniu/ interval de reglare (aut) range ofadjustment
domeniu/ gam de frecven (tele) frequency range
domeniu/ plaj de sincronizare (aut) lock-in range
domeniul frecven (domeniul de reprezentare a sistemelor i a semnalelor prin
componente de frecven, de ex. prin transformata Fourier) (t sist) frequency
domain
domeniul operatorilor (alg) operator domain
domeniul timp (specificarea semnalelor ca funcii de variabila independent timp
x(t ) ) (t sist) time domain
domeniul valorilor unei funcii (an) range of a function
dominant (mat) dominant; leading
dominan diagonal (o msur a interaciunii dintre variabilele unui sistem
MIMO) (t sist) diagonal dominance
dosare (inf) files
dou pori I-NU de putere cu n intrri (el) dual n-input NAND
dovedi (a) (t g, mat) indicate
doza (a) (inf) batch
dozare (t g) blending
doz (el) box
dreapta de intersecie (a unor plane) (geo) intersection of planes
dreapta improprie; dreapta de la infinit (geo) ideal line; line at infinity; infinite
straight line
dreapt (geo) straight line; right line
dreapt paralel (geo) parallel
dreapt proiectiv (geo) projective straight line

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drept (geo, alg) right; straight
drept de control (asupra lucrului cu fiierele unui anumit director) (inf) right
drepte concurente (geo) concurent lines
drepte necoplanare (geo) skew lines
dreptunghi (geo) rectangle
dreptunghioblong (geo) oblong
dreptunghic (geo, alg) right
dreptunghiular (geo, alg) rectangular; oblong
driver de imprimant (program de transformare a datelor ntr-o form ce poate fi
interpretat de imprimant) (inf) printer driver
drum (t sist, mec, t graf) path
drum de integrare (an) path of integration
drum elementar (t graf) simple path
dual (alg, inf, mat) reciprocal; binary; dual
dualitate (geo, alg) duality
dublare/ copiere a cartelelor perforate (inf) card duplication
dublat (arit) twice; twofold
dubl comand (aut) dual control
dublu (alg, mat) binary; dual
dublu conex (an) bi-connected; doubly connected
dublu curbat bicurved
dublul produs vectorial (geo) vector triple product; triple product vector
duce (a) (inf) carry
durabil (t g) fast
durabilitate invariability
durat (an, t g) period (per.); duration; time; time lapse (period)
durat a unui cuvnt (timp necesar pentru procesarea unui cuvnt de informaie
n memorie) (inf) word time
durat de adaptare natural (aut, t sist) inherent regulation
durat de oscilaie (an, t g) period (per.)
durat de stabilizare (el, aut) building-up time
durat de via/ de existen (t g) lifetime
durat necesar transportului i adunrii bitului (cifrei de transfer) (inf) carry
time
duz (t g) bean

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dyadic (inf) binary

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echer (geo) set square
echiafin (geo) equiaffine
echianarmonic (geo) equianharmonic
echiangular (geo) equiangular
echidistant (egal deprtat) (geo, an, alg, st, top) equidistant; uniform
echidistan (geo, t graf) equidistance
echifacial (geo) isohedral
echilateral (geo) equilateral
echilibra (a) (t sist, aut) match; balance out
echilibra (a se) (mat,mec) balance
echilibrare (t sist, mec, t g) balancing
echilibrare la zero (t g) zero adjustment/ balancing
echilibru (t sist, e dif, mec, mat) equilibrium; balance
echilibru asimptotic stabil (t sist, e dif) asymptotically stable equilibrium
echilibru de tip Stackelberg (o soluie de echilibru ierarhic n jocurile cu sum
nenul n care unul dintre juctori i poate impune strategia proprie celuilalt
juctor) (t sist, t j) Stackelberg equilibrium
echilibru dinamic (mec) inertia balance
echilibru instabil (labil) (t sist, t g) unstable balance; imbalance
echilibru mecanic (mec) mechanical equilibrium
echilibru Nash (echilibru necooperativ n jocuri cu sum nenul definit printr-un
venit al fiecrui juctor care nu poate fi mbuntit prin decizii unilaterale) (t j, t
sist) Nash equilibrium
echilibru pe dou faze (el) diphase equilibrium
echilibru stabil (e dif, t sist) stable equilibrium
echipament (t g) plant
echipament de tip facsimil (utilizat pentru introducerea n calculator i
prelucrarea imaginilor necuantizate) (inf) facsimile I/ O device
echipament independent (al calculatorului) (inf) off-line equipment
echipament pentru stocarea informaiei (inf) storage, memory
echipament periferic (dispozitiv de intrare, de ieire sau de stocare al unui
calculator) (inf) peripheral device/ unit
echipolent (an, geo) equipollent
echipolen (an, geo) equipollence
echipotent (t mul) equipotent

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echipoten (t mul) equipotency
echivalent; echivalen (mat) equal; equivalent; equivalence; equality;
equivalent value
ecran (inf) screen
ecran metalic (el) can
ecrana (a) (t g) can
ecuaia cldurii (edp) heat (conduction) equation
ecuaia coardei vibrante (edp) equation of vibrating string
ecuaia diferenial a lui Bernoulli (e dif) Bernoulli equation
ecuaia diferenial a lui Bessel (e dif) Bessels differential equation
ecuaia dreptei prin tieturi/ prin coordonatele la origine (geo) intercept form
of the equation of a straight line
ecuaia Hamilton-Jacobi (an) HamiltonJacobi equation
ecuaia hipergeometric (e dif) hypergeometric differential equation
ecuaia integral a cmpului magnetic (edp) magnetic field integral equation
(MFIE)
ecuaia lniorului (geo) catenary equation
ecuaia lui Gauss (e dif) hypergeometric differential equation
ecuaia lui Helmholtz (edp) reduced wave equation
ecuaia lui Laplace (edp, an) Laplaces differential equation
ecuaia redus y mx n a unei drepte (geo) slope-intercept form of the
equation of a straight line
ecuaia telegrafitilor (edp) telegraph (ic) equation
ecuaia undelor (edp) wave equation
ecuaia unei drepte care trece prin dou puncte date (geo) two-point form of
the equation of a straight line
ecuaia verificat de potenial (edp) potential equation
ecuaie (alg, geo, mat) equation
ecuaieadjunct (mat) adjoint equation
ecuaie algebric (alg) polynomial equation
ecuaie algebric de gradul al aselea (alg) sextic equation
ecuaie apropiat (an num) truncated equation
ecuaiebiarmonic (edp) biharmonic equation
ecuaie binom (alg) binomial equation
ecuaie biptratic/ de gradul al patrulea (alg) fourthpower/ biquadratic

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equation
ecuaie caracteristic (e dif) characteristic equation
ecuaie cu coeficieni literali (mat) literal equation
ecuaie cu derivate pariale (edp) partial differential equation (PDE)
ecuaie cu derivate pariale de tip eliptic (edp) elliptic partial differential
equation
ecuaie cu derivate pariale de tip hiperbolic (edp) hyperbolic partial
differential equation
ecuaie cu derivate pariale de tip parabolic (edp) parabolic partial differential
equation
ecuaie cu determinani (alg) determinantal equation
ecuaie cu diferene finite (an) difference equation
ecuaie cu diferenial total exact (e dif) integrable differential equation; exact
differential equation
ecuaie cu mai puine rdcini
dect cea dat (alg) depressed equation
ecuaie cu variaii (e dif) variational equation
ecuaie de calcul (mat) design equation
ecuaie de definiie (mat) defining equation
ecuaie de gradul al cincilea (alg, geo) quintic
ecuaie de gradul al doilea (alg) quadratic equation; second degree equation
ecuaie de gradul al patrulea (alg) biquadratic/ cuartic (equation)
ecuaie de gradul al treilea (alg, geo) cubic
ecuaie de ieire (care exprim valorile funciei obinute la un terminal al unui
sistem) (t sist) output equation
ecuaie de stare (t sist) equation of state
ecuaie derivat (ecuaie obinut prin transformarea unei ecuaii date; ecuaie
obinut prin derivare) (mat) derived equation
ecuaie determinant (mat) indicial equation
ecuaie diferenial (obinuit) (e dif) ordinary differential equation
ecuaie diferenial (de ordinul I) cu variabilele separabile (e dif) separable
differential equation
ecuaie diferenial cu argument ntrziat (e dif) delay differential equation
ecuaie diferenial de ordinul al doilea (e dif) second order differential
equation

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ecuaie diferenial liniar (e dif) linear differential equation
ecuaie n coordonate polare (a unei curbe plane) (geo) polar equation
ecuaie integral (e dif) integral equation
ecuaie integral singular (e dif) singular integral equation
ecuaie integro-diferenial (e dif) integro-differential equation
ecuaie iraional (alg) irrational equation; radical equation
ecuaie Liapunov (t sist) Lyapunov equation
ecuaie limit (e dif) boundary equation
ecuaie liniar (alg, mat) simple equation; linear equation
ecuaie logic (definit n algebra boolean) (inf, alg, l mat) boolean function
ecuaie matricial (alg) matric equation
ecuaie omogen (alg, e dif) homogeneous equation
ecuaie ptratic redus (alg) reduced quadratic
ecuaie principal (mat) fundamental equation
ecuaie reciproc (alg) reciprocal equation
ecuaie Riccati (t sist, e dif) Riccati equation
ecuaie secular (ecuaie caracteristic a unei matrice) (geo, alg) secular equation
ecuaie tangenial (geo) tangential equation
ecuaie transcendent (alg, edp) transcendental equation
ecuaie trunchiat (an num) truncated equation
ecuaie vectorial (ecuaie n care necunoscuta este un vector) (an) vector
equation
ecuaii canonice (e dif, mec) canonical equations
ecuaii incompatibile/ imposible (alg) inconsistent equations; incompatible
equations
ecuaii independente (alg) independent equations
ecuaii parametrice (geo) parametric equations
ecuaii Riccati cuplate (mulime de ecuaii Riccati difereniale sau algebrice care
apar n probleme liniar ptratice pentru sisteme cu salturi (de tip Markov)) (t sist)
coupled Riccati equations
ecuaiile intrinseci ale unei curbe strmbe (geo) intrinsic equations of a space
curve
ecuaiile lui Maxwell (edp) Maxwells equations
editare (a unui program, a unor date) (inf) editing
editor (inf) editor

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editor de program (program care realizeaz editarea unui program-surs) (inf)
program (me) editor
editor de text (care poate fi instalat pe toate calculatoarele compatibile PC) (inf)
WORD PERFECT
editor de texte (program care poate forma sau modifica orice text) (inf) text
editor
editor de texte utilizabil pe microcalculatoare (inf) WORDSTAR
efectulterior (t. sist) after (-)effect
efect (inf) response; effect
efect de filtrare (t sist, inf) filtering action
efect de inerie (mec) delayed action
efect de mascare/ de masc (la semiconductoare) (el) masking
efectiv effective; real (R)
efectua (a) (t g) perform; carry through
efectuare (arit, inf) performance
eficace effective
eficacitate (t g) efficiency
eficacitate de reglaj (aut) control-rod efficiency function
eficient effective
eficien (t g) efficiency
efort (edp, t graf, mec) tension; force; stress
efort/ rezisten/ tensiune de rupere sau de flambaj (t g) breaking stress
efort tangenial (mec) tangential thrust
egal (arit, an) equal; even; like
egal continuu (an, e dif) equicontinuous
egal mrginit (e dif) uniformly bounded
egala (a); a egaliza (mat) equalize
egalare (mat) identification
egalitate (alg, geo, arit, mat) congruence; equality; likeness
egaliz (at)or (el) equalizer
egaliza (a) (mat,mec, t g) balance; steady; balance out
egalizare (aut, t sist) compensation
egalizator (aut) compensating network
ejectare/ expulzare/ extragere a cartelelor (inf) card ejection
elabora (a) (t g) draw-up

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elaborare a unui program-pies cu ajutorul calculatorului (n conducerea
numeric a mainilor-unelte) (inf) computer part programming
elaborare manual a programului main (inf) manual part programming
elaborare planificat a unui program (inf) schedule programming
elaborare i utilizare de microprograme (inf) microprogramming
electromagnetic electromagnetic
electronic electronics
electronic a sistemelor adaptive (el) electronics of adaptive systems
electronic biomedical (el) biomedical electronics
electrotehnic (el) electrical engineering; electrotechnics
element (el, mat, mec, t g, inf) element; form
element al diagonalei principale a unui determinant (alg) leading element in a
determinant
element al mulimii (t mul) element of set
element al unei mulimi (t mul) member of a set
element al unei mulimi care precizeaz o stare (inf) value
element binar de memorie (el, inf, t sist) binary cell; bistable unit
element/ circuit de decizie (inf) decision element
element constitutiv (component) (t g) element
element constructiv tipizat (t g) building block
element de acumulator (el) storage cell
element de arc (an, geo) element of arc length
element de arie (geo) element of area
element de arie a unei suprafee (geo) surface element
element de imagine (el, tele) spot
element de instruciune (inf) order element; mark; instruction element
element de ntrziere (t sist, aut, el) delayer
element de list de ciclu (n ALGOL 60) (inf) for-list element
element de ordin finit (alg) torsion element
element de probabilitate (diferenial a funciei de repartiie) (t pr) probability
element
element de program (inf) module
element de reglare final/ executor (aut) final control element
element de reea (el) network parameter
element final (t sist) correcting element

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element funcional tipizat (aut, el) module
element galvanic (el) battery (B, bat., batt.)
element generator (el) generator
element I (aut) integral circuit
element idempotent (alg) idempotent
element invers (alg, mat) reciprocal element; inverse
element invers la dreapta (alg) right-inverse
element medial/ de mijloc (al unei serii) (an) intermediate member (of a series)
element necunoscut (mat) unknown quantity
element neglijabil effaceable element
element neutru (al unui grup notat aditiv) (alg) identity element; zero element
(pl.zeroes/ zeros)
element neutru la dreapta (alg) right identity
element neutru la stnga (alg) left identity
element NU (inf) negator
element numeric (de calcul) (inf) digital unit
element/ organ de reglare (t sist, aut) regulating component/ element/ member
element/ organde decodificare i conectare/ deconectare (inf) marker
element pentru separarea unui circuit de echipamentul de intrare-ieire (aut)
data set
element periodic (alg) torsion element
element primar (aut, tele) detecting element
element primitiv (alg) primal element; primitive element
element sensibil (aut) sensing device/ element
element I (aut) gate circuit
element simetric fa de nmulire (alg) reciprocal element
element tip (aut) unit element
element transcendent (alg) transcendental element
element unitate (al unui grup) (mat, alg) identity; unit (y) element
element unitate (de semnal; de cod) (tele) unit element
element unitate (element neutru fa de nmulire) (alg) multiplicative identity
elementar (st, inf, t gr, t g) ultimate; elementary; essential; simple
elemente (alg, l mat, mat) basis (pl. bases); elements
elemente asociate (alg) associate elements
elemente canonice (e dif, st, alg, geo, mec) canonical elements

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elemente componente ale unui calculator electronic (inf) hardware
elemente de comparaie (ale unui regulator). (t sist) reference input elements
elemente nediagonale (ale unei matrice) (alg) off-diagonal elements (of a
matrix)
elevaie (geo) vertical projection; front view
elibera (a) (el) free
eliberare (el) clearing
elice (geo) helix (pl. helices); helical line; screw line
elice cilindric (geo) cylindrical helix
elice circular (geo, an) circular helix
elicoid (geo) helicoids; screw surface; helix (pl. helices); helical line
elicoid drept (geo) right helicoid
elicoidal (geo) helical; spiral
elimina (a) (t g, inf) delete; remove; erase
eliminabil (an, inf) removable
eliminare (geo, alg, inf, mat, t g) displacement; elimination
eliminare a greelilor dintr-un program (inf) program (me) debugging
elipsograf (geo) trammel
elipsoid de rotaie (geo) spheroid
elipsoidde rotaieturtit (geo) oblate ellipsoid of revolution
elipsoid alungit (geo) prolate ellipsoid; prolate spheroid
eliptic (mat) elliptic (al)
emblem (t g) symbol
emisfer (jumtate de sfer) (geo) semisphere; hemisphere
emisferic (geo) hemispheric (al); semispherical
empiric (rezultat din experien) empiric (al)
emulare (utilizarea unui model care accept aceleai intrri i produce aceleai
ieiri ca un sistem dat; opus termenului simulare) (t sist) emulation
emulator (aparat, program de calculator sau sistem care accept aceleai intrri i
produce aceleai ieiri ca un sistem dat) (t sist) emulator
endecagon (poligon cu unsprezece laturi) (geo) hendecagon; undecagon
endogen (t sist) endogenous
endomorfism (alg) endomorphism
endomorfism asociat (alg) join endomorphism
energie (mec) energy

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energie cinetic (mec) kinetic energy
energie de legtur (t g) bond energy
energie mecanic (mec) mechanical energy
entitate (mat, mec, t g, inf) form; entity
entitate care desemneaz un obiect sau o stare (inf) symbol
entitate cuprinznd un set de date i descrierea metodelor pentru manipularea
acestora (inf) object
entran (numr de intrri ale unei pori logice; numr de circuite conectabile la
intrarea unui circuit logic) (inf) fanin
entropie a informaiei (inf) information content
entropie informaional (cantitate de informaie coninut ntr-un element al unui
mesaj) (inf) informational entropy; average information content
enumera (a) enumerate
enumerare (mat) enumeration
enumerare de simboluri (inf) list
enumerativ (mat) enumerable
enun (l mat, inf) statement
enuna (a) (t sist, t g) state
enunat (l mat) stated
epicicloid (geo) epicycloid
epimorfism (alg) epimorphism
epitrohoid (geo) epitrochoid
epuizare (el) depletion
ergodic (sistem ai crui parametri interni depind numai de energie) (t g, t pr)
ergodic
ergodicitate (st, t pr) ergodicity
eroare (abatere de la valoarea adevrat) (t g, mat, inf, an num, aut, tele) error;
inaccuracy; mistake; failure; fault; bug
eroare admisibil (inf) allowable error
eroare aleatoare (ntmpltoare) (t pr) random error
eroare compensat (an num) balanced error
eroare de acceleraie (diferena final ntre valoarea prescris i ieirea sistemului
cu reacie) (t sist) acceleration error
eroare de calcul (inf, mat) miscalculation; miscount
eroare de citire (eroare survenit la citirea informaiei de pe un suport) (el, inf)

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reading error
eroare de echilibru/ de compensare (tele, t sist) corrective error
eroare de indicaie/ de citire (el, tele) indication error
eroare de interpolare (eroare datorit interpolrii) (an num) interpolation error
eroare de msurare (t g) measuring fault/ inaccuracy; mismeasurement
eroare de programare (inf) program (m)ing error; software bug
eroare de reglare (aut, t sist) alignment error
eroare de rotunjire (an num) rounding error; round-off error
eroare de selecie/ de eantionare (t sist, st) sampling error
eroare de trunchiere (an num) truncation error
eroare fatal (care determin abandonarea total a activitii unui calculator) (inf)
fatal error
eroare iniial (a unui aparat de msurat) (aut) datum error
eroare medie (mat) mean error; average error
eroare medie ptrat ponderat (mat) weighted mean squared error (WMSE)
eroare medie ptratic (edp, mat) root mean square error; mean square error
eroare medie ptratic minim (t sist, st) minimum mean square error (MMSE)
eroare sistematic (aut) bias; fixed error
eroare statistic (st) statistical error
eronat (l mat, inf) wrong (w.)
eantion (t sist, tele) sample
eantiona (a) (t g) sample
eantionare (aciunea de transformare a unui semnal continuu ntr-un semnal
discret sau ntr-unul discontinuu) (t sist, st, inf) sampling
eantionare n domeniul frecven (t sist) frequency domain sampling
esenial (mat) essential
eseu essay
estimare (mat, an num) evaluation
estimare a erorilor (inf) error analysis
estimare; aestima (mat, st) dead reckoning; estimate
estimare probabilistic (t pr) likelihood estimate
estimare robust (schem de estimare care optimizeaz performana n condiiile
celui mai nefavorabil mediu statistic) (t sist) robust estimation
estimare vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy estimation
estimat estimated

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estimator (t sist, inf) estimator
estimator cu medie ptratic minim (estimator care minimizeaz valoarea medie
a erorii ptratice) (t sist) minimum mean square estimator (MMSE)
estimator de stare de strat limit (t sist) boundary layer state estimator
estimator liniar cu cele mai mici ptrate (estimatorul liniar xc Ky l unde
matricea Ki vectorul l sunt determinai astfel nct s minimizeze eroarea medie
T
ptrat E[( xc x) ( xc x)] ) (t sist) linear least square estimator (LLSE)

estimator liniar neomogen (t sist) non-homogeneous linear estimator


estimaie (an num) estimation
estimaie eficient (st) efficient estimator
estimaie optim (st, t g) best estimator
estompa (a) (tele) blur
etaj de control (parte a controlerului care execut sarcini asociate cu un aspect
particular al controlului) (t sist) control layer
etaj de decuplare (la calculatoare) (el, inf) separator
etaj de succesiune (aut) repeatear
etaj final (tele) final stage
etaj intermediar (t sist, t g) intermediate stage
etaj tampon/ separator (el) buffer
etalon (mec) gauge
etalona (a) (geo, inf, t g) graduate; calibrate
etalonare (t g) graduation
etap a executrii unei activiti de calcul (inf) phase
etichet (inf, t graf) tag
eticheta (a) (inf, mat) tally; label
etichet/ repersfrit de fiier (inf) ending file label
euclidian (geo) Euclidean
euristic (metod bazat pe experiena, intuiia sau inspiraia programatorului)
(inf) heuristics
evalua (a) (an num, mat) evaluate; determine; estimate
evaluare (an num, mat, inf) estimation; account; evaluation; determination;
computation
eveniment (t sist, t pr) event; occurrence
eveniment complementar (t pr) complement of an event

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eveniment cu probabilitate nul (t pr) null event
eveniment elementar (t pr) simple event
eveniment imposibil (t pr) impossible event
eveniment neprevzut (inf) emergency
eveniment sigur (t pr) certain event; sure event
evenimente incompatibile (t pr) mutually exclusive events
evenimente independente (t pr) independent events
eviden (alocare i prelucrare a resurselor unui sistem de calcul) (inf) resource
management
evolut (geo) evolute
evoluie (mat, alg) evolution
evolvent (geo) evolvent; involute
exact (l mat, mat) true; exact; close; rigorous; correct; proper
exactitate closeness; exactitude
examina (a) (st, an num, inf) test; observe; view
examina (a) o list sau un fiier (inf) scan
example exemplu
excedentar (t g) redundant
excentric (mec, geo) eccentric; off-center
excentricitate (t g) eccentricity
exces (inf, st) redundance; redundancy; leptokurtosis
exces sferic (geo) spherical excess
excitare (de pornire) (aut) firing
excitaie (aut, el, tele) impulse
exclude (a) bar
executa (a) (a comanda) (inf, t g) obey; perform
executa (a) un proiect/ un plan (t g) design
executare a instruciunii (efectuare a operaiei specificate de codul instruciunii)
(inf) instruction execution
executare a unui program n limbaj surs (inf) interpretation
executat () cu ajutorul calculatorului (inf) computer-aided/ assisted
execuie a operaiilor n paralel (prin intermediul unui compilator special, fr
modificarea codului de origine) (inf) concurrency parallel processing
execuie a unui program (execuie de ctre calculator a instruciunilor
unuiprogram) (inf) program (me) execution

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execuie simbolic (extensie natural a execuiei normale a unui program) (inf)
symbolic execution
exemplu (de) exempli gratia (e.g.)
existen occurrence
exnscrie (a) (un cerc unui triunghi) (geo) escribe
expansiune (t g) expansion
expansiune armonic (tele) harmonic expansion
expedia (a) forward
experimenta (a) (st, an num, inf) test; try
experien (st, an num, inf) test; try; essay
explica (a) show
explicit (mat) explicit
exploatare (t g) running; working; plant
explorare (t sist, st, inf) sampling
explorator/ analizor pentru prelucrarea datelor (inf) data logging scanner
exponent (mat) index (pl.indices/ indexes); exponent; superscript
exponent al unei puteri (mat) power
exponent de transfer (aut) transmission equivalent
exponent ntreg (alg) integral exponent
exponentul unei puteri (alg) power exponent
exponeniere (alg) exponentation
expresie (arit, alg, l mat) term; expression
expresie complex a crei poziie/ adres poate fi schimbat (inf) complex
relocatable expression
expresie de sub semnul integrrii (an) element of integration
expresie/ ecuaie/ curb de gradul al doilea (alg, geo) quadric
expresie logic (a unui calcul, ntr-un limbaj de programare) (inf, l mat) boolean
expression; logical expression
expresie raional (alg) rational expression
exprima (a) (mat) assert
expunere (mat) display
extensie sintactic (extindere a unui limbaj de programare) (inf) syntactic
extenssion
extensiune (mec) elongation
exterior (geo, mat) exterior; obverse; superior; outside

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extern; exterior external
extincie (t g) extinction
extinde (a) (t g) expand; augment
extinde (a se) (mat) extend
extinderealgebric (alg) algebraic extension
extindere (t g) extension; development; extent
extindere a unui corp (alg) extension of a field; overfield
extindere bicompact (an) compactification
extindere transcendent a unui corp (alg) transcendental extension of a field
extins (prelungit) (mat) extended; augmented
extract (alg) a extrage
extracie (t g) taking out; extraction
extrage (a) (t g) retrieve
extrage (a) rdcina (alg) extract the root; take the root of; root
extragere (mat) drawing; extraction
extragere a informaiei (determinare a vectorului binar care reprezint informaia)
(inf) information detecting
extragere a rdcinii (mat, alg, inf) evolution; extraction of root; taking the root;
rooting
extrapola (a) extrapolate
extrapolare (mat) extrapolation
extrem; extremum (an) extremum (pl. extrema)
extremal; extremal (an) extremal
extremitate (mat, an, t g) marginal point; extremity; terminal point; termination

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Hans Holbein the Younger

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fabric (t g) plant
face (a) (a efectuao operaie) (mat) perform
face (a) o ipotez (alg) set (-)up
face (a) schimb de coninut al memoriilor (inf) exchange
factor (arit, alg, l mat, mat) mathematical constant; factor; term
factor balistic (aut) damping factor
factor comun (alg) monomial factor
factor de amortizare (el, mec) damping factor; damping constant; damping
coefficient
factor de amplificare (t sist) gain
factor de atenuare (el) attenuation ratio
factor de autocontracie (mec) self-crowding factor; crowding factor
factor de corecie (t g) corrective multiplier
factor de corecie prin derivare (aut) derivative correction factor
factor de distorsiune (el) distortion factor
factor de multiplicare/ de amplificare (alg, t sist, aut) multiplication factor;
multiplier gain
factor de multiplicare pozitiv (t sist) positive gain factor
factor de reglare dinamic (caracteristic a preciziei de reglare) (tele, el)
deviation ratio
factor de sarcin (aut, el) load factor
factor de suprareglare (aut) overshooting ratio
factor de transmisie a imaginii (t sist, tele) image-transfer constant
factor integrant (e dif) integrating factor; integrant factor
factor prim (alg) prime factor
factoriza (a) (arit, alg) factor; factorize
factorizabil (care poate fidescompusn factori (arit, alg) factorable; factorisable
factorizabilitate (aut, alg) factorability
factorizare (alg) factoring; factorisation
fals (l mat, inf) wrong (w.); untrue
familie (t sist, alg, geo, an, e dif, mat) system; set; assemblage; family
familie care depinde de un parametru (geo) pencil
familie cu doi parametri (geo, e dif) two-parameter family
familie de cercuri (geo) system of circles
familie de curbe (geo) set of curves

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familie de drepte cu un parametru (geo) regulus
familie de elemente care depinde de doi parametri (geo, top) sheaf (pl. sheaves)
fant (an, mec) slit
fapt (t g) fact
fascicul (alg, an, geo, top, mat, t g) cluster; pencil; sheaf (pl. sheaves); stack; bunch;
star; beam; bundle; pack; fibre bundle
fascicul de cercuri (geo) pencil of circles
fascicul de drepte (geo) pencil of straight lines
fascicul de plane (geo) cluster of plane surfaces; pencil of planes
fascicul de sfere (geo) pencil of spheres
fascicul part
fa (a unui poliedru, a unui corp) (geo) side
fa (suprafa plan a unei figuri, a unui corp) (geo, t graf) face
fa exterioar (geo, mat) obverse
fa lateral (geo) lateral face; side face
fa superioar (geo, inf) top
faz (an, e dif) amplitude; (inf) phase
faz final (t g) final stage
fr correspondent (nregistrare) (inf) unmatched
fr curbur (despre spaiu) (geo) flat
fr curent/ tensiune (el) dead
fr elemente comune (t mul) mutually disjoint
fr ntrziere (aut, inf, t g, t sist) in-line; undelayed
fr semn (inf, alg) unsigned
fr sfrit (mat) endless
fr stocare/ memorie (aut, inf) in-line
fr torsiune (alg) torsion free
fr vizibilitate (tele) blind
fie/ band de hrtie (aut) paper band/ strip/ tape
fel kind
fenomen effect; phenomenon (pl. phenomena)
fenomen tranzitoriu (el) building-up process
ferstru saw
fereastr (a unei imagini afiate) (inf) window
fiabil (sigur n funcionare) (aut, t g) reliable

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fiabilitate (t g) reliability
fiabilitate n funcionare (operaional) a sistemului (t sist) system operational
reliability
fibr (top) fibre
fibrare (top) bundle; fibering
fibrare proiectiv (top, geo) projective bundle
fiecare dintre zecile unui numr (mat) decade
figur (t g, t sist, mat, tele) diagram; image
figur geometric scheme; schema (pl. schemata)
figur obinut unind mijloacele laturilor unui poligon regulat cu arcele de cerc
congruente (geo) multifoil
figuri asemenea (geo) similar figures
figuri omotetice (geo) radially related figures
film subire (utilizat ca memorie intern) (inf) thin film
filtra (a) (t sist, t g) filter
filtrare; filtraie (t sist, inf) filtering; filtration
filtrare de control (t sist, aut) after filtration
filtrarea/ respingerea/ rejectarea zgomotului (atenuareaamplitudinii unui semnal
nedorit ntr-un sistem cu reacie) (t sist) noise rejection
filtru (t sist, t g) filter
filtru adaptat (t sist, aut) matched filter
filtru adaptiv cu rspuns la impuls finit (t sist) adaptive FIR (finite impulse
response) filter
filtru care produce derivarea semnalului (t sist) differentiator
filtru Cebev (filtru cu caracteristici de pulsaii egale) (t sist) Chebyshev filter
filtru cu cele mai mici ptrate (filtru optimal, n sensul celor mai mici ptrate, care
restaureaz un semnal distorsionat) (t sist, aut) least squares filter
filtru cu pulsaii egale (t sist) equiripple filter
filtru cu rspuns la impuls finit (t sist, aut) finite impulse response (FIR) filter
filtru cu rspuns la impuls finit multiplu (filtru cu pasul de discretizare variabil)
(t sist, aut) multirate finite impulse response filter
filtru cu rspuns la impuls infinit (filtru cu rspuns la impuls de lungime infinit,
deci cu cel puin un pol la rspunsul n frecven) (t sist) infinite impulse
response (IIR) filter
filtru de band ngust (t sist, aut) narrow-band filter

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filtru de band/ trece band (sistem al crui funcie de transfer H ( ) este zero

sau foarte mic pentru n afara unei benzi de frecven prestabilite) (t sist, aut)
band-pass filter; band filter; decoupling network
filtru de baz/ trece tot (aut, t sist) all-pass filter
filtru de cale/ de canal (aut, tele) channel band filter
filtru de faz nul (filtru al crei transformat Fourier este real i deci rspunsul
de faz este nul) (t sist, aut) zero phase filter
filtru de medie (filtru care preia valoarea medie a componentelor semnalelor de
intrare) (t sist, aut) mean filter
filtru de mod de propagare (aut, tele) mode filter
filtru de tip de und/ de mod (n ghidurile de und) (aut, tele) mode filter
filtru de translaie cu reacie liniar (t sist) linear-feedback shift register (LFSR)
filtru egalizator/ de egalizare/ compensator (el, aut) equalizing filter
filtru eliptic (t sist) elliptic filter
filtru exponenial simetric infinit (t sist) infinite symmetric exponential filter
(ISEF)
filtru Fourier (t sist) Fourier filter
filtru iterativ/ n lantrece-band (el) band-pass ladder filter
filtru Kalman (t sist) Kalman filter
filtru Kalman extins (t sist) extended Kalman filter
filtru liniar (filtru a crui ieire este funcie liniar de intrare, deci ieirea este
convoluia funciei pondere a filtrului cu intrarea) (t sist, aut) linear filter
filtru median (filtru care preia media componentelor semnalului de intrare) (t sist,
aut) median filter
filtru neliniar (t sist, aut) non-linear filter
filtru numeric/ digital (care transform un semnal de intrare discret ntr-un
semnal de ieire discret) (t sist) digital filter
filtru oprete-band (filtru care atenueaz doar ntr-o band finit de frecven i
las neafectat semnalul n afara ei) (el) band stop filter; band-elimination filter;
band-rejection filter; suppression filter
filtru optimal vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy optimal filter
filtru pasiv (circuit filtru compus doar din componente pasive, rezistori, inductori
i condensatori) (t sist, aut) passive filter
filtru recursiv (filtru digital la care ieirea la momentul actual este combinaie
liniar de comanda actual i de comenzile anterioare precum i de ieirile

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anterioare) (t sist, aut) recursive filter
filtru selector de band (el) band selector
filtru trece-jos (filtru care permite trecerea frecvenelor joase) (t sist, aut) lowpass filter (LPF)
filtru trece-sus (aut, t sist) high-pass filter
filtru vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy filter
filtru Wiener (filtru care reduce zgomotul prin separarea i suprimarea spectrului
su de putere din spectrul de putere al semnalului) (aut, el) Wiener filter
final (mat, inf, st) final; ultimate
finit (mat, inf) finite; limited
finit-dimensional (geo) finite-dimensional
fi (el, t g) connector; card
fi de control (mat) control slip
fi tehnologic (t g) process chart
fi (cartel) nregistrare de control (inf) home record
fiier (t g, inf) catalog (ue)
fiier (care conine un) program (inf, t g) program (me) file; card catalogue; file
fiier de cartele (inf) card file/ index
fiier de date (mulime de date utilizate ntr-o anumit aplicaie) (inf) data file
fiier de lucrri (inf) job stream
fiier gata pentru tiprire (inf) spooled file
fiier secvenial indexat (fiier logic, pe suport adresabil) (inf) indexed
sequential file
fiier temporar (al crui coninut rmne nealterat ntre dou execuii ale aceluiai
program) (inf) temporary file
fiier/ registru principal (al unui sistem de calcul) (inf) main file
fix (t sist, edp, mec, t g) steady; regular (r., reg.); fast
fixa (a) (mat, t g) define; determine; fasten; fix
fixare (el, t g, mat) attachment; definiteness; assignation; bond; bracing
fixare de ordin zero (procedur care eantioneaz un semnal la un moment dat ti
l pstreaz pn la momentul urmtor t 1 ) (t sist) zero order hold (ZOH)
fixare n memorie (inf) location
fixat (t g) fixed; preset; locked; determined
fizic matematic (edp) mathematical physics
flacr (t g) blaze

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flambaj (mec) knee
flexiune (t g) flexion
flip flop (el) bistable circuit
flip-flop principal-secundar (circuit bistabil n dou etaje) (t sist, aut) masterslave flip-flop
fluctuaie (t pr) variance; oscillation
fluidic logic (parte a mecanicii fluidelorcare se refer la transmiterea semnalelor
i la prelucrarea informaiei numerice) (mec) digital fluidics
flux (an, mec, inf, t g, e dif) flux; job stream; flow
flux informaional (inf) information flow
flux magnetic (edp, inf) magnetic flux
flux multiplu de date (arhitectur n paralel a calculatorului n care un set de date
este procesat simultan de o singur instruciune) (inf) multiple-data stream
(SIMD)
flux unic de date (procesorul ndeplinete o singur instruciune de prelucrare a
unui set de date) (inf) single-data stream (SISD)
flux unic de instruciuni (inf) single-instruction stream
foaie (geo, an) sheet
foaie (simpl) a unei suprafee a lui Riemann (an) sheet of a Riemann surface
foaie de date (inf) data sheet
focal (geo) focal
focal (geo) focal line
focalizare (t g, geo) focus (pl. foci, focuses)
focalizare (tele) beaming; bundling
focar (e dif, geo) vortex (pl. vortices/ vortexes); spiral point; focus/ focal point
focar stabil (e dif) stable focus
foliaie foliation
foliul lui Descartes (curba x3+y3=3axy) folium of Descartes
folosire (mat, tg) application
fonotec (tele) library
forfecare (mec) tangential thrust
forma trigonometric a unui numr complex (alg, an) trigonometric form of a
complex number; polar form of a complex number
forma (a) complementul unui numr (mat) complement
formal (mat) formal

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formalism formalism
formare (t g) development
format din dou elemente (mat) dyadic
format/ mod de prezentare (a datelor/ instruciunilor); (inf) format
format relocabil (care permite ncrcarea programului n orice zon a memoriei)
(inf) relocatable form
format/ structur/ configuraie (a unui document) (inf) format
formator (program pentru conversia formatului datelor) (inf) formatter
form (t g) shape
form (mat, mec, t g, inf, t sist) form; state
form canonic (alg, geo, mat) standard form; canonical form
form complementar a zecilor (inf) ten's complement form
form/ configuraie a unei reele (inf) network layout
form cubic n dou variabile (alg) cubic binary quantic
form de gradul al patrulea (alg, geo) quartic
form de und (aut, inf, tele) mode
form definit/ determinant (alg) definite form
form diagramatic de reprezentare a unui algoritm (inf, mat) decision table
form diferenial (geo) differential form
form exterioar (geo) exterior form
form fundamental de a doua spe (familie de elemente care depinde de doi
parametri) (geo) bundle
form hermitic (alg) Hermitianform
form liniar (alg) linear form
form multiliniar (alg) multilinear form
form nedefinit (alg, geo)- indefinite form
form nedegenerat (an) non-singular form
form negativ definit (alg) negative-definite form
form nominal (alg) name form
form normal (metalimbaj Backus pentru descrierea sintaxei limbajelor de
programare) (inf) Backus normal form (BNF)
form ptratic (alg) quadratic form; quadric form
form Pfaff (geo) Pfaffian form
form polar (geo) polar form
form propoziional (descriere structural a unei mulimi de propoziii dintr-un

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limbaj formal) (inf) sentential form
form/ regim de funcionare (aut, inf, tele) mode
form sesquiliniar/ seschiliniar (e dif, alg) sesquilinear form
form simetric (alg, e dif) symmetric form
forme fundamentale ale unei suprafee (geo) ground forms of a surface
forme nedeterminate (cazuri exceptate n operaiile cu limite de funcii) (an)
indeterminate forms
formula (a) (t sist, t g) state; formulate
formula binomului lui Newton (alg) binomial formula
formula care d volumul prismatoidului (geo) prismoidal formula
formula creterilor finite (an) Lagrange's theorem
formula integral a lui Cauchy (an) Cauchy integral formula
formula lui Leibniz pentru calcularea derivatei
n

( f ( x) g ( x))

( n)

C nk f ( x) ( nk ) g ( x) ( k ) (an) Leibniz theorem/ formula


k 0

formula lui Simpson (an) prismoidal formula for area


formula lui Taylor (an) Taylors formula
formula mediei (an) Lagrange's theorem
formula rspunsului general (al unui sistem) (t sist) general response formula
formula trapezelor (an) trapezoid (al) rule; trapezoid formula
formul de cuadratur (an) quadrature formula
formul de recuren (an) recurrence/ recurring formula
formul de sumare (an) summation formula
formul recursiv/ de recuren (an) recursion formula
formular (foaie) de programare (inf) work sheet
formular (mat, mec, t g, inf) form
formular pentru introducerea direct a datelor (inf) document
formulare (l mat, inf) statement
formule de inversiune (an) inversion formulas
formulele lui de Morgan (an) de Morgans laws
formulele lui Vite (alg) root-coefficient relations
fora (a) (t g) force
for (mec) force
for ascensional (t g) carrying capacity

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for centripet (mec) centripetal force
for perturbatoare (mec) perturbing force
fracie (arit, alg) fraction; broken number
fracie amplificat/ simplificat (arit, alg) fraction in higher/ lower terms
fracie continu (alg) continued fraction
fracie continu finit (arit) terminating continued fraction
fracie continu periodic (alg) recurrent/ recurring continued fraction
fracie ireductibil (alg, arit) fraction in its lowest terms; simplified fraction
fracie ordinar (arit) common fraction; ordinary fraction; vulgar fraction
fracie periodic (aut) periodical fraction
fracie simpl (alg, arit) simple fraction
fracie supraunitar (arit) improper fraction
fracie zecimal (arit) decimal
fracie zecimal exact (arit) terminating decimal fraction
fracie zecimal infinit (mat) never-ending decimal
fracie zecimal periodic (arit, mat) circulating decimal/ fraction; repeatear
fracii ordinare avnd acelai numitor (arit) similar fractions
fracionar; de fracie (arit, alg) fractional
fracionare (t g) break-up
fraciune (din ciclul unui calculator n care se determin locaia instruciunii
urmtoare) (inf) fetch
fragment (t g) chip; fraction
fraz (l mat) sentence
frna (a) (t sist) retard
frnt (an, geo, e dif) broken
frecven (numr de perioade pe secund) (el, t sist, t pr) frequency; empiric
probability
frecven a vibraiilor (edp) vibration frequency
frecven caracteristic acustic (el) characteristic frequency
frecven de conducere/ de comand/ de reglare (aut) control frequency
frecven etalon (el) calibration frequency
frecven fundamental (e dif) base frequency
frecven proprie (e dif) proper frequency
frecven proprie/ fundamental/ natural (el, tele) fundamental frequency
frecven purttoare (tele) carrier

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frecven teoretic (st) theoretical frequency
frecven unghiular (mec) angular frequency; pulsation; pulsatance
frontier (t mul, top, mat, geo) frontier; boundary; margin; limitation; border
curve
frontier critic (st) rejection line
frontul undei (edp, mec) wave front
functor (element logic/ cu funcie specific) (l mat, alg) functor
functor contravariant (alg) contravariant functor
functor covariant (alg) covariant functor
functor ponderat (alg) balanced functor
functor reprezentabil (alg) representable functor
funcia excosec (x) =cosec (x)-1 (an) excosecant
funciabeta (an) beta-function

funcia / gamma (a lui Euler) (an) second Eulerian integral; gamma function
funcia covers x = 1 sin x (an) versed cosine
funcia de impuls unitar a lui Dirac (an, t sist) Dirac delta-function
funcia delta (an, t sist) Dirac delta-function
funcia delta/ impuls/ a lui Dirac (an) impulse function; - function; transient
function
funcia hav x= (1-cos x)/ 2 (an) haversine (function); half versine-versed sine
funcia impuls (an, t sist) impulse function
funcia INTERSECIE (inf) intersection
funcia Lagrange (an) kinetic potential
funcia logic SAU-EXCLUSIV (inf) ANTICOINCIDENCE
funcia logic I (operator/ produs logic n algebra boolean) (inf, l mat) AND
funcia logic I-NU (inf) dispersion
funcia lui Green (edp) influence function; source function
funcia lui Hamilton (an, mec) Hamiltonian
funcia lui Kelvin ber (x) (e dif) ber function
funcia lui Lagrange Lagranges function; Lagrangian function
funcia putere (an) power function
funcia signum (an) signum function; sign function
funcia sinus (an) sine function; sinusoidal function
funcia treapt unitate a lui Heaviside (funcia H (t ) 0 pentru t 0 i H (t ) 1

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pentru t 0 ) (t sist, an) unit step function; Heaviside unit function
funcia unui trinom de gradul al doilea (alg) square-law function
funcia vers x = 1 cos x (an) versed sine; versine (function)
funcie (mat, t g, an) dependency; fluent; map; function
funcieaditiv (an) additive function
funcieafin (an) affine function
funcie aleatoare (t pr) random function; randomization
funcie aleatoare staionar (t pr) stationary random function
funcie a lui Boole simetric (alg) symmetric Boolean function
funcie a lui Green (e dif, edp) Greens function
funcie a lui Jacobi (an) Jacobian function
funcieanalitic (an) analytic function
funcie analitic ntreag (an) monogenic analytic function
funcie anulatoare (an) nullifier
funcie aproape convex (an) close-to-convex function
funcie aritmetic (inf) arithmetical function
funcie armonic (an, edp) harmonic; harmonic function; potential function
funcie auxiliar (instruciune care comand funcii discontinue) (inf)
miscellaneous function
funcie Bessel (an) cylindrical function
funcie biarmonic (edp) biharmonicfunction
funcie boolean (definit n algebra boolean) (inf, alg, l mat) boolean function
funcie calculabil (l mat) computable function
funcie caracteristic (e dif, edp) autofunction; characteristic function
funcie cilindric (an) cylindrical harmonic
funcie circular/ trigonometric (an) circular function (s) (trigonometric
functions, trigonometric ratios)
funcie compus (an) composite function; function of a function
funcie constant (an) constant map
funcie continu (an) continuous function
funcie continu pe poriuni (an) locally-continuous function
funcie convex (an) convex function
funcie covers x = 1 sin x (an) coversed sine, coversine
funcie cresctoare (an) increasing function
funcie criteriu (t sist) objective-function; purpose function

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funcie cu cretere liniar/ cu pant (el) ramp
funcie cu distribuie pe dreapt (rspunsul unui sistem 2-D la o intrare constnd
dintr-o dreapt) (t sist) line spread function
funcie cu ptrat integrabil (sumabil) (an) summable in the square function
funcie de adevr (l mat) truth function
funcie de baz (an, e dif) test function
funcie de clas (mat) class function
funcie de comand (t sist) control function
funcie de conectare/ de selectare (a unui echipament periferic conectat la un
canal de intrare sau de ieire) (inf, t sist) connect function
funcie de for (an) potential function
funcie de frecven (t pr) frequency function
funcie (a semnalului) de ieire (t sist) output function
funcie de mai multe variabile (an) function of several variables
funcie de matrice (an) matrix function
funcie de mulime (an) set function
funcie de o variabil complex (an) function of complex variable
funcie de o variabil real (an) function of real variable
funcie de optimizare (t sist, st, c op) objective-function; purpose function;
optimization function
funcie de probabilitate (t pr) probability function
funcie de rspuns la impulsuri (t sist) impulse response
funcie de regresie (st) regression function
funcie de repartiie (t pr) distribution function; probability distribution
funcie de salt unitar (t sist) unit step response
funcie de oc (tranzitorie) (an) transient function
funcie de transfer (de trecere, de tranziie) (t sist, e dif) transition function;
transmittance; unit step response; transfer function
funcie de transfer cu revenire (t sist) feedback transfer function; return transfer
function
funcie de transfer echivalent (t sist) net transfer function
funcie de transfer la impuls unitar (t sist) response to unit impulse
funcie de transfer ptratic (funcie de transfer care conine fracii cu
numrtorul i numitorul polinoame de gradul 2) (t sist) biquadratictransfer
function

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funcie de transfer pentru dou frecvene (el, t sist, tele) bifrequency transfer
function
funcie de transfer/ de acionare (t sist, aut) actuating transfer function
funcie de treapt (an) jump function
funcie definit peste tot (an) completely defined function
funcie derivat (an) derived function
funcie descresctoare (an) decreasing function
funcie discontinu (an) discontinuous function
funcie disipativ (an) dissipative function
funcie eliptic (an) elliptic function
funcie exponenial (alg, an) exponential
funcie formul (expresie utilizat ca opernd ntr-o alt expresie) (inf) formula
function
funcie fundamental/ caracteristic (an) characteristic function
funcie generalizat (an) generalizedfunction
funcie generatoare (an, e dif, t pr, el) generating function; generator
funcie generatoare a momentelor (t pr) moment generating function
funcie hipergeometric (e dif) hypergeometric function
funcie imagine (an) subfunction
funcie implicit (mat) implicit function
funcie integrabil (an) integrable function; summable function
funcie integrabil n sensul lui Riemann (an) Riemann-integrable function
funcie integral Stieltjes (an) Stieltjes integral
funcie invers (an) inverse mapping
funcie iraional (an) irrational function
funcie n ramp (an) ramp function
funcie n scar; funcia treapt (an) step function
funcie ntreag (an) entire function; integral function
funcie Lam (an) ellipsoidal harmonic
funcie Liapunov (t sist) Lyapunov function
funcie liniar (an) linear function
funcie logic NU-SAU (NOR) (inf) dagger function
funcie logic SAU exclusiv/ anticoinciden; sum modulo doi (inf) exclusive
OR (EXOR)
funcie logic I-NU (inf) except

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funcie logic I-NU, I negat (inf) AND-NOT
funcie logic I-SAU (inf) AND-OR
funcie mrginit aproape peste tot (an) almost-bounded function
funcie msurabil (an) measurable function
funcie meromorf (an) meromorphic function
funcie multiform (an) many-valued function; multiple-valued function
funcie nul (an) zero function
funcie obiectiv (t sist, c op) objective-function; purpose function
funcie olomorf (an) holomorphic function; regular function
funcie omogen (alg, e dif) homogeneous function
funcie original (an) original; initial function
funcie par (an) even function
funcie Peirce/ NOR (NU-SAU)/ SAU negativ (l mat, inf) Peirce function;
dagger function
funcie periodic (an) periodic function
funcie perturbatoare (e dif, edp) perturbative function; perturbing function;
disturbance function; disturbing function
funcie poliarmonic (an) polyharmonic function
funcie-polinom; funcie polinomial (an, alg) integral rational function;
polynomial function
funcie pondere/ de ponderare (de transfer) a (l) impulsului (t sist) weight (ing)
function
funcie primitiv (alg, an) primitive
funcie proprie (e dif, edp, an, alg) eigenfunction; autofunction; fundamental
function; proper function
funcie raional (an) rational function
funcie raional ntreag (an) rational integral function
funcie real (funcie cu valori reale) (an) real-valued function
funcie reciproc (an) inverse function; reciprocal function
funcie recursiv (funcie care conine apeluri la ea nsi) (inf) recursive
function
funcie rezultant de transfer/ de transmisie a unui sistem (t sist) overall
transfer function
funcie risc (st) risk function
funcie scalar (an, inf) scalar function

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funcie scop (t sist, c op) objective-function; purpose function
funcie sferic (de suprafa) zonal (edp) surface zonal harmonic; spherical
function
funcie sferic de suprafa (edp) spherical surface harmonic
funcie sferic de volum (edp) solid harmonic; solid spherical harmonic
funcie I (mat) conjunction
funcie I inversat/ reversibil (inf) inverted AND function
funcie simetric (an) symmetric function
funcie spectral (an, t pr) spectral function; integrated spectrum
funcie subaditiv (an) subadditive function
funcie subprogram (inf) subprogram (me) function
funcie succesor (an) successor function
funcie suport (top) carrier function
funcie supraarmonic (an) superharmonic function
funcie test (an, e dif) test function
funcie transcendent (an) transcendental function
funcie treapt de transfer (t sist, aut) indicial response
funcietrigonometric (an) angular function
funcie uniform (an) one-valued function; single-valued function; uniform
function
funcie univalent (an) univalent function
funcie vectorial (an) vector function
funcie virtual (utilizat pentru nlocuirea unei funcii membru al unei clase de
baz n unele limbaje de programare) (inf) virtual function
funcii armonice conjugate (an) conjugate harmonic functions
funciiBessel (e dif) Bessel functions; cylindrical functions
funcii Bessel modificate/ de argument imaginar (an, e dif) modified Bessel
functions
funcii hiperbolice (an) hyperbolic functions
funcii hiperbolice inverse (an) inverse hyperbolic functions; antihyperbolic
functions; arc-hyperbolic functions
funcii ortogonale (an) orthogonal functions
funcii speciale (an) special functions
funcii trigonometrice inverse (an) inverse trigonometric functions;
antitrigonometric functions

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funciona (a) (el, tele) run
funcional symbolic (al)
funcional (an) functional
funcional de cost (an, t sist) cost functional
funcional liniar (an) linear functional
funcionare (a unui calculator) cu durat variabil a ciclului (inf, arit, t g, t sist, e
dif) variable-cycle operation; performance; duty; movement; running; working;
action
funcionare n paralel a mainilor (el) parallel operation
funcionare precis/ stabil/ fr vibraii (aut) jitter-free operation
fundament (are) foundation
fundamenta (a) (un proiect, o propunere etc.) (inf) underlie
fundamental (alg, geo, mec, l mat, st, inf, t g) standard; primal; ultimate; basic;
essential; fundamental; chief; underlying
fundamente (alg, l mat) basis (pl. bases); fundamentals
fundaie foundation
furnizat (scris) de utilizator (inf) user supplied
furt de ciclu (metod de transfer al datelor ntre memoria principal i
echipamentele periferice) (inf) cycle steal
fuziune a fiierelor (inf) file consolidation

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galoisian (geo) normal
gam de detectare (aut) detecting/ detection range
gam de reglare/ de comand (aut, el) hold range; holding range
gama de sarcina (el) load cycle
gsi (a) (mat) find
gaur (el) vacancy
gaussian (a lui Gauss) (mat) Gaussian
geamn (geo, arit) twin
gen (geo, top) genus (pl. genera); kind
genera (a) (mat) generate; produce
genera (a) (o suprafa) (geo) sweep (-) out
general general
generalitate (l mat) generality
generaliza (a) (mat) generalize
generalizare (l mat) generalization; extension
generalizat (mat) generalized
generare a sistemului (procedur de obinere a unui sistem de operare adaptat
unei configuraii a sistemului de calcul) (inf) system generation
generare canonic (procedeu de derivare a unei propoziii) (l mat) canonical
generation
generare de cod (traducere a unui program surs ntr-un alt program) (inf) code
generation
generare de programe (transformare a unui program general ntr-un program
particular) (inf) program (me) generating
generare sistematica a programelor (mat) program (me) development
generaia a treia de calculatoare (produse ncepnd din 1964, cu circuite
integrate, memorii cu discuri i terminale on-line) (inf) third generation
generaie de calculatoare (clasificate dup tipul componentelor cu care sunt
echipate) (inf) computer generation
generatoare (mat) element, generatrix, side
generatoare (a unei suprafee riglate) (geo) ruling
generatoare (curb) (an, geo, mat) generator; element; generating line; generatrix
(pl. generatrices)
generatoare a suprafeei laterale a cilindrului (geo) element of cylinder
generatoare a unui con (geo) element of a cone

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generatoare rectilinie (geo) rectilinear generator
generator (el, mat) producer; generating
generator de caractere/ de semne (inf) character generator
generator de funcii (a crui variabil de ieire reprezint o funcie a variabilelor
de intrare) (inf) function generator
generator de funcii cu dou variabile de intrare (inf) bivariant function
generator
generator de impulsuri de timp (el) cadence tapper
generator de programe de sortare (inf) sort (routine) generator
generator de semnal (tele) generator
generator de semnale stocastice (t sist) random generator
generator de sisteme (program pentru generarea sistemelor de operare) (inf)
system generator
generator de tact (inf) oscillator (OSC)
generator de unde de oc/ de impulsuri (el) impulse generator
generator electronic de numere aleatorii (el) electronic random number
generator
generator surs (an, geo) generator
generic generic
genul unei suprafee (top) genus of a surface
geodezic. (geo) geodesic; geodetic (al)
geodezic (geo) geodesic
geomagnetic earth-magnetic
geometria lui Lobacevschi (geo) Lobachevskian geometry
geometric (geo) geometric (al)
geometrie (geo) geometry
geometrieafin (geo) affine geometry
geometriealgebric (geo) algebraic (al) geometry
geometrie analitic n spaiu (geo) solid analytic geometry
geometrie combinatoric (geo) combinatorial geometry
geometrie descriptiv (geo) perspective geometry
geometrie diferenial (geo) differential geometry
geometrie euclidian (geo) Euclidean geometry; parabolic geometry
geometrie n spaiu (geo) solid geometry; space geometry; stereometry; threedimensional geometry

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geometrie neeuclidean (geo) non-Euclidean geometry
geometrie parabolic (geo) parabolic geometry
geometrie plan (geo) plane geometry; planimetry; two-dimensional geometry
geometrie proiectiv (geo) projective geometry
geometrie riemannian (geo) Riemannian geometry
geometrie sferic (geo) spherical geometry; spherics
geometrie sintetic (geo) synthetic geometry
geometrie superioar (geo) higher geometry
geometriza (a) (edp, arit) geometrise
geometrizare (edp, arit) geometrisation
geometru (geo) geometer; geometrician; surveyor
gestionar-fiiere (calculatorul cel mai puternic din reea care gestioneaz
activitatea ntregului sistem, n reele de calculatoare) (inf) file-server
gestiune a memoriei (ansamblu de funcii ale sistemului de operare) (inf)
memory management
gestiune a resurselor (inf) resource management
gestiune, eviden i control a (le) sarcinilor (parte a unui sistem de operare care
execut evidena i controlul sarcinilor la calculatoare) (inf) task management
ghidaj pentru cartele (inf) card bed/ guide
ghidare (t g) guidance
ghidare automat (aut, t sist) automatic tracking (following)
ghidare prin fascicul (electronic) (el) beam riding
gill (unitate de timp) (inf) gill
giroscop (geo, inf) top
global (mat) in the large
gol (aut, inf, tele) blank; blankness; blind
goli (a) (o memorie) (inf) erase; clear
golire instantanee a memoriei (inf) snapshot
grad (mat, inf, t g) level; amount; order; grade; rate
grad (unitate de unghi); grad (al unei ecuaii) (mat) degree
grad centezimal (mat) grade
grad de atenuare (el) attenuation ratio
grad de libertate (mec) degree of freedom
grad de transcenden (alg) transcendence degree
grad ptrat square degree

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grada (a) (geo, inf, t g) graduate; calibrate
gradare (el) grading; graduation
gradat (mat) divided
gradaie (el) degree
gradient (an) gradient
gradient al cmpului/ al potenialului (an) field gradient
graduator (aut) dimmer
gradul unui polinom (alg) degree of a polynomial
graf (mat, t graf) graph
graf biconex (ale crui perechi de puncte aparin unui ciclu) (t graf) biconnected graph
graf bipartit (bicolorabil) (t graf) bicolorable graph
graf complet (n care fiecare punct este conectat cu toate celelalte puncte) (t graf)
complete graph
graf conex (avnd oricare dou puncte conectate printr-un drum) (t graf)
connected graph
graf de stare (ale crui noduri reprezint strile n sistem) (t sist) state graph
graf eulerian (care conine un drum ce trece o singur dat prin fiecare latur) (t
graf) Eulerian graph
graf hamiltonian (coninnd un drum ce trece o singur dat prin fiecare nod) (t
graf) Hamiltonian graph
graf orientat (n care perechile de puncte sunt ordonate) (t graf) oriented graph
graf parial (t graf) partial graph
graf planar (t graf) planar graph
graf simetric (t graf) symmetric graph
graf simplu (t graf) ordinary graph
graf topologic (t graf) topological graph
grafic (t g, t sist, mat) diagram; plot; graphic (al); chart; graph chart
grafic al funciei (al densitii spectrale) (an) spectrum (pl. spectra)
grafic interactiv (utilizare n timp real a unui sistem grafic) (inf) interactive
graphics
graficul cosinusului (an) cosine curve
graficul cotangentei (an) cotangent curve
graficul funciei secant (an) secant curve
graficul unei funcii (an) plot of the function

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gramatic generativ/ Chomsky (instrument de studiu al teoriei limbajelor
formale) generative grammar
gramian de controlabilitate (t sist) controllability Gramian
grani mete
greeal (instruciune de programare sau de codificare incorect; operaie
manual incorect) (inf) mistake
greeal de adaptare (aut, tele) misfit
greit (l mat, inf) wrong (w.); inaccurate
greutate (mec) burden
greutate specific (mec) specific weight
greutate volumetric (t g) bulk density
grind (t g) beam
grup (grupare; grup) (inf, t g, alg, mat) field; pack; group
grupabelian (alg) Abelian group; commutative group
grup al lui Galois (alg) Galois group
grupalternant (alg) alternating group
grup ciclic (alg) cyclical group
grup comutant (alg) derived group
grup cuadruplu/ Klein (alg, geo) four-group
grup de aciuni (inf) task
grup de automorfisme (alg) automorphism group
grup de cartele (inf) card batch/ group
grup de guri coaxiale (la circuite imprimate) (inf) clearance hole (s)
grup de instruciuni (t graf, inf) loop
grup de numere (de simboluri) (inf) word (w., wd.)
grup de numere ntregi (alg) integral group
grup de olonomie (geo) holonomy group
grup de omologie (top) homology group
grup de simboluri (pentru determinarea lungimii celulei de memorie) (inf)
single address instruction/ length mark
grup de transformri (alg) transformation group
grup derivat (alg) derived group
grup fr torsiune (alg) torsion free group
grup liber (alg) free group
grup Lie (geo) Lie group

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grup liniar (geo, alg) linear group
grup liniar real (geo) real linear group
grup local infinit (alg) torsion free group
grup nilpotent (alg) nilpotent group
grup perfect/ complet (alg) complete group
grup periodic (alg) torsion group
grup rezolubil (alg) solvable group
grup semisimplu (alg) semi-simple group
grup simetric (alg) symmetric group
grup simplectic (alg) symplectic group
grup simplu tranzitiv (alg, geo) simply transitive group
grup topologic/ continuu (top, alg) topological group
grup unimodular (alg) unimodular group
grup unimodular complet (alg) full unimodular group
grup unitar (alg) unitary group
grupa (a) (alg, mat, aut) group; pack
grupare (st, alg) selection
grup (inf, st) cluster; lot
grup de caractere (inf) zone
grup-ct (grup-factor) (alg) factor group; quotient group
grupul cuaternionilor (alg) quaternion group
grupul liniar general/ complet (geo, alg) full linear group
grupul lui Klein (cu 4 elemente) (alg) Kleins four (s)-group
grupul permutrilor (alg) permutation group; substitution group
grupul rotaiilor cercului (geo) circle-group
grupul translaiilor (geo, alg) translation group

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hamiltonian (an, mec) Hamiltonian
hard (inf) hardware
hart (mat, t g) map; chart
heptagon (poligon cu apte laturi) (geo) heptagon; septangle
heptagonal (geo) septangular
hermitic; hermitian (alg, an) Hermitian
hessian (geo) hessian
hexaedral (geo) hexahedral
hexaedru (geo) hexahedron
hexaedru regulat (geo) regular hexaedron
hexagon (poligon cu ase laturi) (geo) hexagon; hexangle; sexangle
hexagonal (geo) hexagonal; sexangular
hiperbol (geo) hyperbola (pl. hyperbolae/ hyperbolas)
hiperbol echilater (geo) equilateral hyperbola; equiangular hyperbola;
rectangular hyperbola
hiperbolic (mat) hyperbolic
hiperboloid (geo) hyperboloid
hiperboloid cu dou pnze (geo) hyperboloid of two sheets; parted
hyperboloid; two-sheet hyperboloid
hiperboloid cu o pnz (geo) hyperboloid of one sheet; one-sheet hyperboloid;
unparted hyperboloid
hipercon (geo, edp) hypercone
hipercub (geo, an) hypercube
hipereliptic (an) hyperelliptic
hipergeometric (e dif) hypergeometric
hipergraf (t graf) hypergraph
hiperplan (geo) hyperplane
hipersfer (geo) hypersphere
hiperspaiu (an, geo) hyperspace
hipersuprafa (geo) hypersurface
hipocicloid (geo) hypocycloid
hipocicloid cu patru puncte de ntoarcere (geo) four-cusped hypocycloid;
tetracuspid
hipocicloida lui Steiner (hipocicloida cu trei puncte de ntoarcere) (geo)
tricuspid/ three-cusped hypocycloid

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hipoeliptic (an) hypoelliptic
histerezis (fenomen n care dependena unei mrimi fizice de o alta este funcie de
sensul n care variaz variabila independent) (el) hysteresis; overlap
histogram (diagram a repartiiei experimentale sub form de dreptunghiuri
verticale) (st) hystogram; historigram; bar; bar chart
histogram cu mai multe criterii (st) multiple bar chart
hodograf (loc geometric al extremitilor vectorilor ce reprezint valorile unei
funcii vectoriale) (geo, mec) hodograph
homeomorf (top) homeomorphic
homeomorfism (an, geo, top) topological mapping; homeomorphism
homocentric (cu acelai centru) (geo) homocentric
homofocal (cu acelai focar) (geo) homofocal; confocal
homomorf (alg) homomorphous; homomorphic
homomorfism (coresponden univoc) (alg) homomorphism; homomorphous
mapping
homomorfism indus (alg) induced homomorphism
hotar (mat, t g) limit

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iacobian (an, alg) Jacobian; Jacobian determinant
icosaedric (geo, alg) icosahedral
icosaedru (poliedru cu douzeci de fee) (geo) icosahedron
ideal (mat) ideal
ideal bilateral (alg) two-sided ideal
ideal cu anulator (alg) annihilator ideal
ideal la dreapta; ideal drept (alg) right ideal
ideal la stnga (alg) left ideal
ideal maximal (alg) maximal ideal
ideal prim (alg) prime ideal
ideal primar (alg) primary ideal
ideal principal (alg) principal ideal
idempotent (alg) idempotent
identic (mat) identical
identic adevrat (mat) generallyvalid
identic nul (alg, an) vanish identically
identifica (a) (mat, t g) identify; detect
identificare (mat) identification; analysis (pl. analyses)
identificare vag/ fuzzy (un proces de determinare a unui sistem/ model vag) (t
sist) fuzzy identificationidentificarea sistemelor (domeniu al teoriei sistemelor,
care elaboreaz modele pe baza cunoaterii intrrilor i ieirilor) (t sist) system
identification
identificator (nume simbolic ntr-un limbaj de programare) (inf) identifier
identificator al formatului (inf) format identifier
identitate (mat) identity
ierarhie (dispunere pe niveluri diferite a memoriilor unui calculator) (inf)
memory hierarchy
ieire (t graf, an, mat, t g) sink; emergence; outcome; taking out
ieire binar cu opt bii (inf) eight binary digit output
ieire decodificat n paralel (inf) decoder parallel output
ieire din funciune (el) outcome
ieire din memorie a unui program i introducerea altuia (inf) storage swap;
swap out
ieire nominal (t g) nominal output
ieirea unor rezultate/ unui circuit/ unui subsistem (t sist, inf) output

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ieiri paralele/ n paralel (t sist, aut) duplicate outputs
ilustraie (t g, t sist, mat) diagram
imaginar (mat) imaginary
imagine (mat, t g, tele) map; figure; image; image point
imagine invers/ reciproc (an) inverse image
imagine numeric (set de cuvinte binare obinute prin cuantizarea imaginii) (inf)
numerical image
imagine rspuns/ reflectat (inf) back-to-back display
imagine tears/ nedefinit/ neclar (tele) blurring
imersie; imersiune (geo,top) immersion
imita (a) (inf) simulate
imobil fixed
impar (arit, st) uneven; odd
imparitate oddness
impar-par odd-even
implica (a) (l mat, mat) imply; involve; infer
implicaie (l mat) implication; inference
implicaie strict (l mat) strict implication
importan significance
imposibil impossible
imprecis inaccurate; uncertain
imprecizie (an num) inaccuracy
imprimant (inf) printer
imprimant care tiprete cte un character (caracter dup character) (inf)
character-at-a-time printer
imprimant direct (inf) direct printer
imprimant direct de control (inf) on-line monitor printer
imprimant multipl (inf) multiple printing machine
imprimant xerografic (cu jet) (inf) xerographic/ xeronic printer
imprimant X-Y (inf) X-Y printer/ recorder
imprimant (aparat de reproducere electrostatic () (prin descrcri ntre o matrice
de electrozi i o hrtie conductiv) (inf) electrostatic printer
imprimare (sau vizualizare) a unui text din anumite poziii (inf) tabbing;
tabulation
imprimat cu un singur strat metalic (circuit) (el) one/ single-sided

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imprimator (aut) printer
impropriu (an, geo) improper
improvizat temporary
impuls (aut, el, tele) impulse; burst
impuls activant (la calculatoare) (inf) driving/ pilot pulse
impuls de acionare/ de reglare (aut, t sist) actuating pulse
impuls de axare (care reface componenta continu a unui semnal) (tele) clamp
pulse (CP)
impuls de comand (tele) driving/ pilot pulse
impuls de excitaie (aut, el) drive/ control pulse
impuls de transfer (el) carry pulse
impulsuri descrescnde (el) decaying pulses
inaccesibil (t graf) unattainable; inaccesible
incertitudine (t sist) uncertainty; indeterminacy
incident (care se intersecteaz) (geo) incident
inciden (geo) incidence
include (a) (mat, t mul) include; enclose; involve; contain
incluziune (t mul, top) inclusion; inclusion map
incluziune diferenial (ecuaie diferenial cu mai multe valori x F (t , x), unde
F (t , x) este o mulime nevid de vectori "vitez" (t , x) R R n ) (t sist, an)

differential inclusion
incomensurabil (mat) immeasurable
incomensurabilitate immeasurability
incompatibil (l mat, mat) inconsistent; incompatible
incompatibilitate (l mat, mat) inconsistence; inconsistency; incompatibility
incomplet defective; short
inconsisten (l mat) inconsistence; inconsistency
incrementare (an, inf) increment
indecompozabil (care nu se poate descompune) (alg, l mat) undecomposable;
irreducible; irreductible; indecomposable
indecompozabilitate (alg, l mat) indecomposability
indefinit (mat) indetermined; indefinite; indeterminate
independent (de circuitul de reglare/ de calculatorul de comand) (inf, t g, mat)
off-line; independent
independent de direcie (t g) non-directional

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independen (mat) independence
independen a datelor/ programelor (fa de schimbrile structurale ale bazei de
date) (inf) data independence
index (aut) tag
indexa (a) (mat) index
indica (a) (t g, mat, inf, t g) indicate; designate; flag; mark; name; read
indicaie (aut, t g) tag; display; indication; name
indicaie n rezolvarea unei probleme hint
indicaie; cod; cifru clue
indicatoare (geo) indicatrix
indicatoare sferic (geo) spherical indicatrix; spherical image
indicator (care indic prezena sau absena unei informaii) (inf, aut, t g) flag;
indicator; indicating apparatus; display
indicator al fazei de lucru/ de rulare (inf) condition code indicator
indicator de adres (inf) pointer
indicator de funcie (n ALGOL) (inf) function designator
indicator de poziie/ de deranjament/ de greeal (aut) bug
indicator liniar (aut) a-display
indicatorluminos (aut) read-out
indicator numeric (aut, inf) digitizer
indice (mat, t g) index (pl. indices/ indexes); index number; characteristic factor;
indication
indice (numr de cod) (inf) index figure
indice de intersecie (top) intersection coefficient
indice de sumare (geo, e dif, mat) summation index; sum index; index of
summation
indice de sumare inferior (alg, geo, e dif) sum subscript
indice de sumare superior (alg, geo, e dif) sum superscript
indice inferior (mat) inferior index; inferior figure; inferior letter
indice mut/ de sumare (geo, an, mat, alg, e dif) umbral index; dummy index;
summation
indice superior (geo, mat) superior figure; superscript
indici inferiori (mat) descending figures
indicii (e dif, edp, mat, inf) data (pl) datum (sing)
indicii de controlabilitate (t sist) controllability indices

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indiciu (aut, mat) trace
indirect (inf, t g) off-line
induce (a) (el) induce
inducie (el, l mat) induction
inducie complet/ matematic (mat, l mat) complete induction; mathematical
induction; mathematical induction; complete induction; Fermatian induction
inducie recursiv (prin demonstrarea unor afirmaii din ce n ce mai simple) (l
mat) recursive induction
inductiv (l mat) inducible
inecuaie (mat) inequation
inegal (mat) unequal; non-uniform
inegalitate (mat) inequality
inegalitate periodic (t sist, mec) periodic perturbation; periodic inequality
inegalitate tare (c op) non-slack inequality
inegalitate valabil pentru orice valori ale variabilelor (alg) unconditional
inequality
inegalitatea lui Bessel (e dif, an) Bessels inequality
inegalitatea lui Markov (st) Markovs inequality
inegalitatea triunghiului (an, geo) triangle inequality; triangle axiom
inel. (geo, alg, mec) ring; collar
inel al claselor de resturi (alg) residue-class ring
inel al endomorfismelor (inf) endomorphism ring
inel biregulat (alg) biregular ring
inel ct (alg) quotient ring
inel de automorfisme (alg) automorphism ring
inel de funcii (alg) function ring
inel de polinoame (alg) polynomial ring
inel de valuare (alg) valuation ring
inel neasociativ (alg) quasi-ring
inel noetherian (alg) Noetherian ring
inel normat (alg) normed ring
inel ordonat n latice (alg) lattice ordered ring
inel simplu (alg) simple ring
inel structural ordonat (alg) lattice ordered ring
inelar (geo) ring-shaped

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inelul cuaternionilor (alg) quaternion ring
inexact inaccurate
inexactitate (an num) inaccuracy
inferen (l mat) inference
inferior inferior; lower
infimum (margine inferioar; cel mai mare minorant) (an) infimum; greatest
lower bound; g.l.b. (abbr.)
infinit; infinitate (mat, an) endlessness; boundless; infinity; endless; unending;
infinite
infinitezimal (an) infinitesimal
inflexiune (mat, tele) inflection; inflexion; flex; kink; knee
influen effect
influena (a) (t g) induce
influenare reciproc interaction
infografie (inf) computer graphics
informare (t g, aut) information; note
informatic (sum a activitilor legate de prelucrarea automat a datelor) (inf)
informatics; information science; computer field
informatician (specialist n prelucrarea datelor cu ajutorul calculatoarelor) (inf)
computer expert; computer scientist
informaie (aut, inf) datum; notice (not.); reference (re., ref.); information
informaie de control (de verificare a operaiilor de prelucrare sau transmitere a
datelor) (inf) control information
informaie memorat (inf) record (rec.)
informaii (primare) (e dif, edp, mat, inf) data (pl) datum (sing)
ingineria programrii (domeniu care se ocup cu elaborarea programelor) (inf)
software engineering
inginerie (t g) engineering
iniia (a) (t g) initiate
iniial (t mul, e dif, t g) initial; proper
iniializa (a) (un suport de date) (inf) initialize
iniializare (a execuiei unei
secvene de cod sau a transferului informaiei) (inf) activation
iniializare a sistemului (procedur de lansare a activitii de prelucrare a
programelor ntr-un sistem de calcul) (inf) system initialization

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iniiere software (activitate de depanare, dezvoltare i documentare a sistemului
de programe) (inf) software maintenance
injecie (top, an) injection
injectiv (an, alg) injective; one-one; one-to-one
inoperant (aut) inoperative
inscriptibil (geo) inscribable
inscriptibilitate (geo) inscribability
insensibil (aut) inoperative
inseparabil (mat) essential
inserare/ suprapunere (la introducerea de noi caractere, n editarea de texte) (la
calculatoare personale) (inf) insert
inserie (mat, t g) switching in; enclosure
inspecie (t g) checkout
instabil (t sist, e dif, t g) instable; unstable; non-steady; unbalanced
instabilitate (t sist, e dif, t g) instability; unsteadiness; unstability; lability;
imbalance
instabilitate de scurt durat (variaie rapid a caracteristicilor unui semnal) (aut)
jitter
instala (a) (t g) fix; mount
instalare (t g) fitting
instalaie (t g) appliance; plant
instalaie/ aparat de verificat (aut) clearing device
instalaie autonom (t g) packaged unit
instalaie de comand; extrapolator (aut) predictor
instalaie de telereglaj (aut) remote-control gear
instalaie de transfer (tele) cue
instalaie/ dispozitiv de transmitere a comenzilor (aut) predictor
instalaie electric (el) wiring
instalaie n circuit nchis (el) closed-circuit installation
instantaneu (t g, t sist) undelayed
instruciune (inf, t sist, aut) command; order word; order
instruciune avnd un anumit format (n FORTRAN) (inf) formatted statement
instruciune cheie/ iniial (inf) key instruction
instruciune/ cuvnt de control/ de comand (decodificat i executat de canalul
de intrare-ieire) (t sist, inf) control word

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instruciune dac/ condiional (inf) if-statement
instruciune de apel (n limbajul FORTRAN) (inf) call statement
instruciune de blocare (inf) blocking order
instruciune de calcul/ n limbaj surs (inf) calculating/ calculation statement
instruciune de calculator (inf) computer instruction
instruciune de ciclare (inf) iteration statement
instruciune de decizie mixt (inf) selection statement
instruciune de dirijare (inf) go-to statement
instruciune de execuie (inf) execute statement
instruciune de extragere (a unor date) (inf) extract instruction
instruciune de nceput de fiier (inf) header/ heading statement
instruciune de nlnuire (aut) link
instruciune de nmulire/ de multiplicare (inf) multiply instruction
instruciune de nsrcinare du-te-la (inf) go-to assignment statement
instruciune de ntrerupere/ de oprire (inf) halt instruction
instruciune de organizare (instruciune auxiliar privind funcionarea
calculatorului) (inf) housekeeping instruction
instruciune de ramificaie/ de salt (inf) branching instruction
instruciune de referire a memoriei (coninnd un ciclu de ncrcare a acesteia i
unul de extragere a datelor pentru executarea lor) (inf) memory-reference
instruction
instruciune de salt (de transfer necondiionat) (inf) unconditional jump;
unconditional transfer instruction; go-to assignment statement; jump instruction/
order
instruciune de transfer al datelor (instruciune ce descrie o operaie de intrareieire) (inf) data transfer instruction; unconditional branch instruction; cue
instruciune de transfer condiional (inf) decision statement
instruciune executabil (al crei efect poate fi identificat n timpul executrii
programului din care face parte) (inf) executable statement
instruciune executat de canalul intrare-ieire (t sist, inf) inputoutputcommand
instruciune extern (inf) external command
instruciune fr adres (inf) zero-address instruction
instruciune fictiv (inf) dummy instruction; dummy tag
instruciune general (l mat, inf) statement

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instruciune general marcat (inf) labelled statement
instruciune goal/ de referin (inf) blank instruction
instruciune iniial (tele) bootstrap
instruciune-main (care poate fi recunoscut de calculatorul pentru care este
conceput) (inf) computer instruction
instruciune neexecutabil (al crei efect nu poate fi identificat n faza de
translatare a programului) (inf) nonexecutable statement
instruciune neoperativ (inf) non-operation instruction
instruciune operatorie/ efectiv (inf) effective instruction
instruciune operaional (inf) operating instruction
instruciune pentru unitatea de memorie (n limbaj FORTRAN) (inf) common
statement
instruciune primitiv (care trebuie modificat pentru a deveni efectiv) (inf)
presumptive instruction
instruciune referitoare la format (inf) format statement
instruciune repetitiv (inf) repetitive instruction
instruciunesfrit de fiier (inf) endfile statement; end-of-file statement
instruciunesfrit de lucrare (inf) end-of-job statement
instruciune simbolic (n forma limbajului surs) (inf) symbolic instruction
instruciuni codificate pentru legarea subrutinelor (inf) function digits
instruciuni de program. (inf) program (me) instructions
instrument (t g) appliance; instrument; apparatus
instrument de msur (t g) measuring instrument
integra (a) (a rezolva o ecuaie diferenial) (an) integrate
integrabil (an, e dif, geo) integrable; squarable
integrabilitate (an) integrability
integral (an, arit) integral
integral (n sensul lui) Riemann (an) Riemann integral
integral a unei ecuaii difereniale (e dif) solution of a differential equation
integral cu limite infinite (improprii) (an) infinite integral
integral curbilinie (an) contour integral; line integral
integral curbilinie/ de contur (an) circulation
integral de convoluie (la un sistem dinamic cu matricea pondere W (t ) , ieirea
y (t ) determinat de comanda u (t ) este dat de integrala de convoluie

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y (t ) W (t s)u ( s)ds ) (t sist, an) superposition integral; convolution integral

integral de suprafa (an) surface integral


integral de volum (an) volume integral
integral definit (an) definite integral
integral dubl (an) double integral
integral eliptic (an) elliptic integral
integral general (e dif, edp) general integral
integral generalizat (an) generalizedintegral
integral improprie (an) improper integral
integral iterat (an) iterated integral
integral Lebesgue (an) Lebesgue integral
integral multipl (an) multiple integral
integral nedefinit (an) indefinite integral; antiderivative
integral particular (e dif) particular solution
integral prim (e dif) first integral
integral repetat. (an) repeated integral
integral Riemann-Stieltjes (an) Riemannian-Stieltjes integral
integral simpl (an) simple integral
integral singular (an) singular integral
integrand (funcia de sub semnul integral) (an) integrand
integrant (e dif, mat) integrating; essential
integrare (an) integration
integrare adaptiv (t sist) adaptive integration
integrare numeric (an num) numerical integration
integrare pe scar foarte mare (tehnologie care permite construcia i
interconectarea a milioane de tranzistori ntr-un circuit integrat) (aut, el) verylarge-scale-integration (VLSI)
integrare pe scar mare (an) large scale integration (LSI)
integrare pe scar ultralarg (tehnologie de realizare a circuitelor integrate cu
peste 104 pori logice) (inf) ultra-large scale integration (ULSI)
integrare prin pri (an) integration by parts
integrat pe scar redus (circuit) (el) small-scale integrated (SSI)
integrator (t sist, aut, an) integrator

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integrator practic perfect (aut, t sist) virtual perfect integrator
integritate (alg) integrity
integritate a datelor (protejare a datelor fa de defectarea echipamentelor sau
programelor) (inf) data integrity
integro-diferenial (an) integro-differential
intensifica (a) (el, tele) boost
intensitate (a curentului, cmpului) (el) intensity; strength
intensitate a cmpului field intensity; field strength
intensitate a cmpului magnetic intensity of magnetic field
intensitate a curentului (el) amperage
intensitate a valorii de reglaj (aut) forcing
intensitate admisibil (el) carrying capacity
interaciona (a) interact
interaciune interaction
interactiv/ conversaional (regim) (inf) interactive
interblocare (inf) interlock
intercala (a) (t g) interleave
intercepta (a) intercept
interclasare/ aranjare a cartelelor ntr-o ordine anumit (inf) card collating/
collation/ matching; merging; collating
interconectare (el, t g) attachment
interconectare a reelelor/ sistemelor (funcionare n paralel a reelelor) (inf)
system interconnection/ tie
interconectare de sisteme n bucl deschis (t sist) open systems
interconnections (OST)
interconexiune (el, tele) interconnection
intercorelare (ex. a dou semnale stocastice) (t sist, st) cross correlation
interfa (dispozitiv de) (inf) interface
interfa industrial (interfa prin care la un sistem de calcul sunt conectate
echipamentele de control, comand i execuie ale unor procese industriale) (aut)
process interface
interfa intrare-ieire (t sist, inf) I/ O interface
interfa serial (conexiune prin care informaia se transmite bit cu bit) (inf)
serial interface
interfa utilizator (mod de comunicare ntre om i calculator) (inf) user

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interface (UI)
interfa/ comunicare om-main/ om-calculator (inf) man-machine interface
interferen (el, tele) beat
interferen de band ngust (tele) narrow-band interference (NBI)
interferen intersimbol (distorsiunea creat de suprapunerea unor simboluri
adiacente) (t sist) intersymbol interference
interior; intern (mat) interior; inside; inner; internal
interiorul unei mulimi (top) interior of a set
interlinia (a) (t g) interleave
intermediar (l mat) mediate; intermediary; intermediate
intern (mat) inner; internal
interogare (cerere de regsire a unor date stocate) (inf) enquiry
interogare fr pierderea informaiei (din memoria magnetic) (inf) nondestructive sensing
interogator (inf) inquiry station
interpola (a) (an num) interpolate; collate
interpolare (unire a unor fiiere ordonate similar) (inf, an num, mat) merging;
interpolation; collating; switching in
interpolare numeric (an num) numerical interpolation
interpretare (mat) interpretation
interpretor (specializat n interpretarea programelor) (inf) interpreter procesor
interpretor de comenzi (component a sistemului de operare) (inf) command
interpreter
intersecta (a se) (t mul) meet; intersect
intersecta (a) (an, geo) cut; decussate; overlap
intersectat (geo) decussate
intersecie (a dou mulimi) (t mul, an, geo, mat) intersection; meet; cross; cut;
piercing; conjunction
intersecie (punct de) (alg, geo, inf) trace; spur
intersecie a dou mulimi (an) product
intersecie a mulimilor (t mul) product of sets; intersection of sets
intersecie logic I (inf, l mat) AND operation
interval (mat, an, el, inf, tele, geo) zone; spacing; interval; range; space
interval (element de timp) (t g) time cell
interval al comenzii (intervalul de operare al comenzii) (t sist) control interval

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interval de ateptare (ntre momentul n care unitatea de control cere transferarea
datelor spre unitatea de stocare i momentul n care ncepe transferul) (inf)
waiting time
interval de convergen (an) interval of convergence
interval de ncredere (st) confidence interval
interval de rspuns (ntre recepionarea unei cereri i furnizarea rezultatului) (inf)
response time
interval de retardare/ de ntrziere (t sist) interval of retardation; time delay
interval de timp (an, t g) period (per.); while; time lapse; time interval; duration
interval deschis (an) open interval
interval fr impuls (aut, inf) blank
interval nchis (an) closed interval; segment
interzice (a) bar
intranzitiv (l mat) intransitive; nontransitive
intranzitivitate (l mat) intransitivity
intrare (a unei reele de transport) (edp, an, t graf, t sist) source; input
intrare a informaiei (inf) access
intrare/ linie de inhibiie (aut) inhibit line
intrare multipl (t sist) multiinput
intrri inhibate ale porilor I (inf) disabled AND gate inputs
intrri iniializate (ntr-un sistem de calcul) (inf) reset inputs
intrinsec (geo) intrinsic (al); internal
introduce (a) (informaia n calculator) (inf) carry in; enter; initiate
introduce (a) n memorie (inf) memorize; usher in; write into; swap in
introduce (a) informaii (inf) mount
introduce (a) o metric (geo) metrize
introducere (a unei date) (t sist, inf, t g) entry; input
introducere a lucrrilor de la distan (ntr-un sistem de calcul) (inf) remote job
entry (RJE)
inundare (mec) overflow
invariabil (mat) invariable; fixed
invariabilitate invariability
invariant (mat) invariant
invariant relativ (geo) relative invariant
invarian (mat) invariance

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inventar/ list (a (l) nregistrrilor unui fiier) (inf) file inventory
invers (alg, mat) reciprocal; opposed; reverse; inverse
invers proporional (mat) inversely proportional
invers proporional cu in inverse ratio to
inversa (a) (mat) invert
inversa unei matrice (alg) reciprocal (of a) matrix
inversare (mat) inverse; inversion
inversibil; inversabil (mat) invertible
inversiune (geo, mat) transformation of inverse radii; inversion
inversor (el) change-over/ selector switch
invertor (el) inverter
involuie (alg, geo) involution
involutiv (alg, geo) involutory
ipotenuz (geo) hypotenuse
ipotez hypothesis (pl. hypotheses)
ipotez (l mat) conjecture; supposition; assumption
ipotez de calcul design assumption; design fundamentals
ipotez major (mat, l mat) antecedent
ipotez nul (st) null hypothesis
ipotez stocastic (t pr) stochastic hypothesis
iraional (alg) surd
iraional (mat) irrational
iraionalitate (alg) irrationality
ireductibil (alg, l mat) indecomposable; irreducible; irreductible
ireductibilitate; indecompozabilitate (alg, l mat) irreducibility; irreductibility;
indecomposability
isoscel (geo) isosceles
itera (a) (mat) iterate; recur; repeat
iterare (inf, mat) cycling; iteration
iterat (mat) iterated; repeated
iterativ (mat) iterative
iteraie (mat) iteration
izoedric (geo) isohedral
izogonal (geo) isogonic/ isogonal; equiangular
izolant insulated; insulator

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izolare/ suprimare a unor caractere (ale unei nregistrri) (t sist, inf) filtering;
filtration
izolat isolated; insulated; separate
izolator (el) insulator
izolator cilindric (el) knob
izometric (geo) isometric (al); applicable
izometrie (geo) isometry
izomorf (alg, t mul) isomorphic; isomorphous
izomorfie (alg) isomorphy
izomorfism (alg, t mul) isomorphism
izoperimetric (geo, an) isoperimetric (al)
izotop (top) isotopic
izotopie (top) isotopy
izotrop; izotropic. (mec) isotropic (al)

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mbinare (t graf) bonding
mbrcminte (el, tele) coat
mbuntire a calitii semnalului (t sist) enhancement
mpacheta (a) (t g) package
mpachetare (depunere a mai multor uniti de informaie n aceeai unitate de
stocare) (inf, t g) pack; packing
mpri (a) (mat) divide; part
mpri (a) n patru pri egale (arit, geo) quarter
mprire (mat) division; partition
mprire a accesului la fiiere (ntre utilizatorii acelorai fiiere ntr-o reea de
calculatoare) (inf) shared file access
mprire n dou pri egale bisection
mprire n pri (geo, an) section
mprire/ descompunere (n clase) (edp, an) separation
mprit (mat) divided
mpritor (alg, arit) divisor
mptrit (arit) quadruple
mpiedica (a) (t sist) retard
mprtiere (alg, st, an, mec) variation
mprejurare (t g) fact
n afar (t g) out
n afara timpului real. (inf, t g) off-line
n cascad (el) multistage
n circuit (el) on
n dini de ferstru saw-toothed
n form de shaped
n form de arc (mat)-arcwise
n form de cruce cross
n form de determinant (alg) determinantal
n form de elice (geo) helical
n form de inel (geo) ring-like
n form de pan (geo, mec) wedge-shaped
n form de a (geo) saddle-shaped
n form de sfer (geo) sphere-shaped
n form de spiral (geo) spiral

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n form de stea (alg, geo, top) star
n form matricial (mat) matric
n funciune (t g) on
n ntregime wholly
n linie dreapt linear; lineal
n mare (mat) in the large
n mod unic uniquely
n perechi (mat) pairwise
n proporie invers in inverse ratio to
n repaus quiescent
n sens direct forward
n sens invers backward
n sensul mersului acelor unui ceasornic (mec, mat) clockwise
n serie (t g) serial
n spiral (geo) helical
n trei dimensiuni (t sist, t g) three-dimensional (3-D)
nainta (a) forward
naintare (t g) movement
nainte forward
nalt high
nalt frecven (el, tele) high frequency
nlare raise
nlime (mat, inf) level
nlimea feelor laterale ale unei piramide regulate (geo) slant height of a
regular pyramid
napoi; n sens invers backward
napoiat backward
ncrca (a) (t g) feed; burden
ncrcare (tg, aut, mec) loading
ncrcare a unei baterii (el, tele) boost
ncrctor relocabil/ de programe relocabile (inf) relocatable loader
ncasetare (t g) casing
nceput al programului/ al benzii (inf) beginning
nceput de informaie (inf) header information
ncerca (a) (geo, an, inf) rectify; try

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ncerca (a) un program (inf) checkout
ncercare (st, an num, inf, t g) test; try; essay; proof
ncercareautomat (aut) automatic testing
ncercare prin bucl (aut) loop test
nceteaz i stai rezident (instruciune de meninere n memorie a unui program
n vederea reactivrii lui) (inf) terminate and stay resident (TSR)
ncetinire (mec) delayed action
nchega (a se) (tg) build-up
ncheiere (t g) decision; end
nchide (a) (mat, t g) form; shut; can; shut down
nchide (a) ntre paranteze (t g) bracket; aggregate; bar
nchide (a) circuitul (el) turn on
nchidere (an, t mul, alg, el) closure; closing; switching in; switching on;
implication; end
nchidere a unui contact mating
nchidere a unui fiier (la sfritul prelucrrii acestuia) (inf) file closing
nchiderealgebric (alg) algebraic closure
nchidere pneumatic (tele) air lock
nchis (an, top, el, t g) close; closed; locked; on
nchis-deschis (el, aut) on-off
nchiztor cu contragreutate (t g) balance gate
ncinci (a) (arit) quintuple
nclina (a se) (t g) bow
nclinare (mat, geo, alg, an) grade; skewness; slant; obliquity; obliqueness;
inclination; gradient; dip
nclinat (geo, alg) skew; sloped; sloping; slant; inclined; oblique
nclinaie (t g) bias
ncovoiere (t g, geo) bending; flexure; camber; flexion
ncredere (funcie de) (inf) reliability
ncrucia (a) (geo) decussate
ncruciat (geo) decussate
ndeprta (a) remove
ndeprtat remote
ndeplini (a) (t g) perform; carry
ndeplinire a instruciunii, a comenzii/ a ordinului (inf) command action

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ndrumare (t g) guidance
nfurtoare (curb) (geo) envelope curve; envelope; hull
nfurtoare liniar (geo, alg) span
nfurtoarea normalelor unei curbe (geo) evolute
ngrmdi (a) (mat) aggregate
ngreuiere (t g) loading
ngust narrow
ngusta (a) (mat) narrow down
ngustare (t g) contraction
ngustime (t g) nook
njumti (a) (a mpri n dou pri egale) (mat) halve
njumtire bisection
nlnui (a) (t sist, el) concatenate
nlnuire (el, inf) linkage; chaining
nlnuire a execuiei mai multor programe (inf) job
nlocui (a) (t g) exchange
nlocuire (el) depletion
nmagazina (a) (alg, geo, inf, t g) trace; spur; store; can
nmagazinare de informaii (inf) data storage
nmuli (a) (mat) multiply
nmuli (a) cu (alg) multiply through
nmuli (a) cu cinci (arit) quintuple
nmuli (a) cu patru (arit) quadruple
nmulire (mat) multiplication
nmulire (a unui vector) cu un scalar (an, alg, geo) scalar multiplication
nmulire vectorial (geo) vector multiplication
nregistra (a) (alg, geo, inf, aut, t sist, tele) trace; spur; memorize; store; file;
register
nregistra (a) (la calculatoare) (inf) read
nregistra (a) date (inf) write
nregistrare (inf) print; record (rec.)
nregistrare a datelor pe un suport de informaii (inf) data preparation
nregistrare a rezultatelor (inf) logging
nregistrare a unor date prezentate ntr-un anumit format (inf) formatted data
record

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nregistrarede comand/ de gestiune/ de control (coninnd o comand adresat
sistemului de operare) (inf) control record
nregistrare de date (nregistrare a datelor furnizate la intrarea unui program) (inf)
data record
nregistrare de lungime variabil (nregistrare logic a crei lungime poate fi
diferit de a celorlalte nregistrri logice din acelai fiier) (inf) variable length
record
nregistrare la distan (inf) telerecording
nregistrare privind lungimea unui fiier (n COBOL) (inf) file contains clause
nregistrator (aut, inf) recorder; data logger
nregistrator de curbe continue (t g) function plotter
nregistrator de informaii (inf) data recorder
nregistrator grafic (aut) plotter
nregistrator pe dou axe de coordonate (inf) X-Y plotting
nregistrator prin puncte (inf) X-Y printer/ recorder
nregistrator-traductor (inf) decoder
nscrie (a) (geo) inscribe
nscris (geo) inscribed
nsemna (a) (t g, mat) indicate; brand; sign; denote
nsemna (a) cu cifre number
nsemna (a) cu puncte dot
nsemnare note
nesi (a) (a nmuli cu ase) (arit) sextuple
nesit (arit) sextuple
nsoitor associate
nsuma (a) (arit, inf) total
nsumare (a datelor) (inf, mat, t g) summarization; addition
nsutit centuple
ntlni (a se) (t mul) meet
ntmpla (a se) (t g) occur
ntmpltor (tpr) aleatory; random
ntri (a) (t g) fasten
ntrzia (a) (t sist, t g) delay
ntrziat retarded
ntrziere (mec, t sist, t g) delayed action; retard; retardation; delay; time lag

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ntrziere de faz (t sist, aut, el, tele, mec) lag; lagging; retardation
neles significance; meaning
ntemeiat sound
ntinde (a se) (el, inf, tele) range
ntindere (mat, mec, t g) breadth; width (w.); overlapping
ntinderea/ alungirea liniilor cmpului magnetic (mec) stretching of magnetic
field lines
ntoarcere (mec, t sist) back-kick; return
ntoarcere a imaginii (afiare n anumite puncte ale ecranului a unor elemente
grafice ale cror coordonate se afl n afara suprafeei acestuia) (inf) wraparound
ntocmi (a) (t g) establish
ntocmire a unui tabel (mat) tabbing; tabulation
ntreg (an, arit, alg, mat) integral; whole; wholly; integer; integral number; whole
number; integer number; entire
ntreit (arit) threefold
ntreruptor (el, inf, alg, mec) breaker; circuit breaker (CB); cut-out; key; switch
ntreruptor cu contacte de conexiune posterioare (el) back-connected switch
ntreruptor cu deschidere multipl/ multiplu (el) multibreak
ntreruptor de comand (aut) operating switch
ntreruptor de comand acionat direct (aut) pilot controller
ntreruptor de interval de timp (aut) interval timer; intervalometer
ntreruptor-comutator (el) change-over/ selector switch
ntrerupe (a) (un contact; curentul) (el, tele, mat, inf, mec, t g) break contact; cutout; shut off; disconect; break; disturb; shut down
ntrerupe (a) transmiterea (unor informaii) (inf) black-out
ntrerupere (el, tele) disconnecting; disconnection
ntrerupere a unui program (inf) control sequence interruption
ntreruperi n funcionare (t g) idle time; failure
ntrerupt (an, geo, e dif, el) broken; off (o); open
ntretia (a se) (t mul) meet; intersect
ntretia (a) (geo) overlap
ntretia (a) (n unghi drept) (geo) decussate
ntretiat (geo) decussate
ntretiere (t mul) intersection

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ntreinere (t g) maintenance
ntreinere/ actualizare a unui fiier (inf) file maintenance
ntreinut (t sist, mec, e dif) undamped
nveli (t g) casing
nvingtor (t j) winning
nzestrat cu structur (alg, geo) structured

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joc (mers n gol) (t g) backlash
joc cu eludare (t j) eluding game
joc cu mai muli parteneri (t j) multi-person game
joc cu sum nenul (t j, t sist) nonzero-sum game
joc cu sum nul (joc n care ctigul unui negociator compenseaz exact
pierderea altuia) (t j) zero-sum game
joc de dou persoane (t j) two-person game
joc liniar ptratic (joc necooperativ cu ecuaiile de stare liniare i funcionalele de
cost ptratice n raport cu comenzile) (t sist, t j) linear quadratic game
joc matricial (t j) matrix game
joc/ toleran/ rezerv de stabilitate (t sist, t j) margin of stability
jonciune conjugation
juca (a) (t j) game
juctor (t j) gambler
juctor maximizator (t j) maximizing player
juctor minimizator (t j) minimizing player
judecat (l mat) reasoning
jumtate half
jumtate a intervalului de ncredere centrat (st, t g) half-width
jurnalizare (tehnic de organizare a unei baze de date) (inf) logging
justifica (a) (t g, mat) indicate
juxtapunere (el, t sist) concatenation

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la distan remote
la dreapta (geo, alg) right
labilitate (e dif) lability
lacun (an, mat) lacuna (pl.lacunae/ lacunas); gap; blank
lacunar (an) lacunar (y); lacunal; defective
lagrangian; a lui Lagrange (mec) Lagrangian
lam a unui ntreruptor (el) blade
lam de record (aut) tag
lamp de control (martor) (el) telltale lamp
lamp electronic (el) valve
lansa (a) un subprogram (inf) enter
lansare forat n execuie a unui program (cruia i s-a transferat controlul) (inf)
transfer (trans.)
lan (mat, t graf, mec, inf) chain; stream
lan (mulime liniar ordonat) (an) simply/ serially/ linearly ordered set
lan de inele (t g) chain
lan de relee (tele) chain
lan de transmisie (inf) data transmission chain
lan Markov (st) Markov chain
lan reductibil (top) reducible chain
lnior (geo, an) funicular curve
laplaceian (an, edp) Laplacian
lrgime (mat, mec) breadth
lrgime de band (el, tele) bandwidth; frequency spacing
lrgime de band intrare-ieire (inf) I/O bandwith
latent latent
lateral (mat, t g) one/ single-sided; lateral
latice (alg, top) lattice
latice compact (alg) cluster lattice
latice multiplicativ/ cu multiplicare (alg) multiplicative lattice
lime (mat, mec, geo) breadth; width
lime a benzii (tele) frequency range
lime a benzii utile de frecven/ de informaie (inf) intelligence bandwidth
limea impulsului (el, tele) width (w.)
lime de band (el) band-pass width

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lime de band a unei ci/ a unui canal (tele) channel width
latur (a unui triunghi, a unui unghi etc) (geo, mat) line; ray/ arm of an angle;
leg; side of an angle
latur a unui poligon (geo) side of a polygon
latur din spate (t g) back side
latur omoloag/ paralel (geo) homologous side
latur opus unui unghi. (geo) subtense
latur opus unui unghi (geo) side opposite an angle
laturi omoloage (geo) corresponding sides
latus rectum (geo) latus rectum (pl. latera recta) (of a conic); focal chord
lector (inf) information read-out
lector/ cititor de date (inf) follower
lector de band (aut, inf) tape reader; reading head
lector optic (inf) visual scanner
lector zero (inf) zero reader
lega (a) (el) wire (up)
lega (a) cu un lan chain
lega (a) n paralel (el) tee together
legare (a unui spaiu de nume) (inf) linking
legare (el, t g) attachment; bundling
legare (ntr-un spaiu de nume) (inf) binding
legare (racordare) la reea (el) wiring
legare n cascad (tele) grading
legare n derivaie (t sist, el) paralleling; parallel connection
legare n serie (el, t sist) concatenation; series connection
legare la pmnt (el) earthing
legare unt/ n paralel (el) multiple connection
legare/ legtur n cascad/ n serie (el) cascade circuit
legat (an, t graf) connected
legat n serie (el) serially connected
legtur (aut, mat, mec, t g, t graf) link; relationship; connection; bond;
connexion; bonding
legtur cu izolator de ntindere (la linii electrice) (el) terminating
legtur de capt/ terminal (el) dead-end tie
legtur n bucl (el) circuit looped back and forth; closed-circuit arrangement

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legtur la pmnt/ la mas (el) earth connection; earth lead/ line
legtur programat (component care permite conectarea direct a unui
echipament periferic la unitatea central de prelucrare) (inf) program (m)ed link
legtur stabilit ntre dou registre (inf) data path
lege (mat) criterion (pl.criteria); law; rule; principle
lege asociativ (mat) associative law
lege comutativ (alg) commutative law
lege de distribuie/ de repartiie (t pr) partition law; distribution law
lege de probabilitate (t pr, st) probability law
lege distributiv (alg) distributive law
lege exponenial (t pr) exponential rule
legea evenimentelor rare (t pr) law of small numbers
legea fluxului total; legea lui Laplace (an) Laplace's law
legea ineriei a lui Jacobi-Sylvester (alg) law of inertia
legea numerelor mari (t pr) law of large numbers
legea proporiilor multiple definite proportions laws
legea slab a numerelor mari (t pr) weak law of large numbers
legea tare a numerelor mari (t pr) strong law of large numbers
legile lui Kirchhoff (ale reelelor electrice) (edp, inf, e dif) Kirchhoff's laws
lem (mat) lemma (pl. lemmas); auxiliary theorem
lemniscat (geo) lemniscate
lemniscata sferic (geo) hippopede; horse fetter
lent (t sist, mec) slow
lexicografic (mat) lexicographic (al)
liber (mat, t g) loose; free
limbaj (l mat, inf) language
limbaj al instruciunilor (inf) command language
limbaj auxiliar/ intermediar (folosit pentru reprezentarea intermediar a
programului surs) (inf) intermediate language
limbaj codificat; cod (inf) codelanguage
limbaj comun/ unitar de main (inf) common language
limbaj de baz (coninnd minimul de primitive necesare pentru definirea unor
limbaje mai puternice) (inf) base language
limbaj de comand (inf) system control language (SCL)
limbaj de control al sistemului (inf) system control language (SCL)

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limbaj (de programare) de nivel nalt; limbaj evoluat (inf) high level language
limbaj de programare (inf) program (m)ing language
limbaj de programare (neprocedural) pentru prelucrarea datelor reprezentate
prin liste (inf) list processing (LISP) language
limbaj de programare BASIC (inf) beginners all-purpose symbolic instruction
code (BASIC)
limbaj de programare combinat de baz (de nivel nalt) (inf) basic combined
programming language (BCPL)
limbaj de programare de nivel nalt avnd drept component de baz modulul
de program (unitatea de program independent) (inf) MODULA
limbaj de programare orientat pe probleme economice (limbaj COBOL) (inf)
common business oriented language (COBOL)
limbaj de programare pentru simulare (inf) simulation coding language
limbaj de programare pentru simularea sistemelor discrete (inf) simulation
language (SIMULA)
limbaj de programare tabelar (sinoptic) (inf) tabular program (me) language
limbaj de simulare DIANA (bazat pe limbajul FORTRAN) (inf) dynamics
analyser (DYANA)
limbaj (generat de o gramatic) dependent de context (inf) context-sensitive
language
limbaj (de programare) extensibil (care permite introducerea de noi faciliti) (inf)
extensible language
limbaj formal/ de programare (inf) formal language
limbaj formal/ de programare FORTRAN (inf) formula translating system
(FORTRAN)
limbaj (generat de o gramatic) independent de context (inf) context-free
language
limbaj (de programare) independent de tipul calculatorului (inf) computer
independent language
limbaj intermediar/ auxiliar (inf) intermediary language
limbaj (pentru programarea aplicaiilor) n timp real (inf) real time language
(RTL)
limbaj main/ al mainii/ al calculatorului (limbaj al programelor direct
executabile de un anumit calculator) (inf) machine language; specific code
limbaj neprocedural (n care succesiunea instruciunilor nu influeneaz

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succesiunea executrii lor) (inf) nonprocedural language
limbaj numeric/ de calcul (inf) number language
limbaj (al programelor) obiect (n care un limbaj surs este translatat cu ajutorul
unui compilator) (inf) object language
limbaj (de programare) orientat (adaptat) aplicaiilor utilizatorului (inf) user
oriented language
limbaj pentru scrierea programelor compilatoare (inf) compiler writing
language
limbaj procedural (limbaj care folosete comenzi similare celor din limbajele
naturale sau din matematic) (inf) procedural language
limbaj propriu unui calculator (inf) computer-dependent language
limbaj PSEUDOCOD (utilizat n proiectarea i documentarea programelor) (inf)
pseudocode
limbaj simbolic (inf) symbolic language
limbaj-int (limbaj de programare n care este tradus un program scris ntr-un
limbaj de nivel nalt) (inf) target language
limit (an,mat, t g) measure; margin; mete; boundary; limit; end; borderline
limit complet/ superioar (a unui ir de mulimi) (an) complete limit
limit de ncredere (a rezultatului msurrii) (st) confidence interval
limit de stabilitate (t sist) limit of stability; stability limit
limit inductiv (top) inductive limit
limit inferioar (an) inferior limit; lower limit; limit inferior
limita inferioar a unei integrale (an) lower limit of an integral
limit la stnga/ la dreapta (an) limit on the left/ right hand
limit proiectiv (alg) projective limit
limita seriei series limit
limit superioar (an) limit superior; superior limit; upper limit
limit superioar de integrare (an) upper limit of integration
limita (a) (mat) narrow down; limit; narrow
limitare (mat, an) constraint; boundedness; restraint; limitation
limitri/ restriciila programarea liniar (c op) LP constraints
limitat (t g) restricted; limited
limitator (aut, tele) limiting device
limitator (simbol pentru izolarea prilor unui program) (inf) delimiter
limite de integrare (an) limits of integration

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limite laterale (an) one-sided limits
linearizare prin reacie (metod care utilizeaz reacia pentru a elimina
neliniaritile unui sistem dinamic i a realiza un sistem n bucl nchis liniar) (t
sist) feedback linearization
l-inel (alg) lattice ordered ring
linia centrelor de greutate (geo) centroidal
liniar linear; lineal
liniar dependent (alg) linearly dependent
liniar independent (alg) linearly independent
liniaritate (mat) linearity
liniarizare (aut, t sist, st, mat) smoothing; linearization
liniat (geo) ruled
linie (mat, tele) line; circuit; stroke
linie ajuttoare (geo) subsidiary line
linie asimptotic a unei suprafee (geo) asymptotic line on a surface
linie care unete dou puncte (la grafice) (an) rod
linie de centru/ median (geo) centre line
linie de comunicare (inf) data transmission chain
linie de curbur (geo) line of curvature
linie de curent (geo, e dif, t sist) line of flow; stream line
linie de for a cmpului (vectorial) (geo) field line
linie de fracie (arit, mat) fraction bar; fraction line; fraction stroke
linie de fug (geo) vanishing line
linie de nceput/ de antet (inf) heading line
linie de nregistrare pe band (el, tele) line
linie de instruciuni codificate (inf) coding line
linie de ntrziere (dispozitiv pentru ntrzierea unui semnal sau pentru obinerea
unui set de impulsuri precis decalate n timp) (el, tele) delay line (chain)
linie de intersecie (geo) line of intersection
linie de intrare a datelor spre unitatea central (inf) data in line
linie de legtur ntre simboluri pe o diagram de flux (aut) flow line
linie de nivel (an, geo) level line
linie de program (ir de simboluri care reprezint o instruciune) (inf) program
(me) line
linie de programare (inf) coding line

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linie de selecie/ de comand (inf) selection line
linie de striciune (geo) striction line
linie dreapt (geo, mat) straight line; right line; line
linie elicoidal/ spiral (n spaiu) (t g) helix (pl. helices); helical line
linie frnt (geo, e dif) broken line; zigzag line
linie geodezic (geo) geodesic line
linie limitrof (t g, mat) borderline
linie mijlocie (geo, st) median; median line
linie nentrerupt (geo) unbroken line
linie neutr (el) dead-line
linie poligonal (geo) open polygon
linie subteran (de cabluri) (el) earth wire
linie transversal/ deschis la capt/ nelegatn bucl (aut, el) radial circuit
linie vertical (geo) vertical line
linie/ circuit radial () (aut, el) radial circuit
linie/ suprafa de contact (mat, t g) line of contact
linie/ strat a (l) reelei (an num) mesh line
linii de cmp (geo, an) field pattern
lips lack
lipsi (a) lack
list (inf) list; chart; check list; record (rec.)
listare (inf) listing
listare a memoriei (extragere a informaiei din memoria intern i trimiterea ei
unei uniti externe de memorare) (inf) memoryprint; storage dump
list a codurilor de instruciuni (inf) vocabulary
list de ciclu (inf) for-list
list de date tiprite de o imprimant (a unui calculator) (inf) printout
list de opiuni (oferit utilizatorului de un program de calcul) (inf) menu
list multipl/ multiplu nlnuit (inf) multiway list
liter (mat, inf) letter
litere ale codului de operaie/ de funcie (inf) function letters
livrare (t g) supply
livrare de informaii (inf) delivery
loc (mat, an) locus (pl. loci); spot; point
loc de transfer (aut, t sist) gain-phase characteristic

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loc geometric (geo, mat) geometric locus; geometrical position/ locus; locus (pl.
loci)
loc geometric al punctelor de contact (pentru o familie de curbe) (geo) taclocus
loc gol (el) vacancy
loc n care pot fi memorate datele (inf) location
loc n memorie (inf) storage location
loc liber (mat) blank
local local; locally
local compact (an, top) locally compact
local conex (top) locally connected
local convex (an) locally convex
local euclidian (geo) locally euclidean
local integrabil (an) locally integrable
localiza (a) (t g) locate
localizare (t g) location
localizare greit (n memorie) (inf) blemish
localizat localized
locaie de memorie (folosit la modificarea automat a adresei efective a oricrei
instruciuni) (inf) index word; memory cell
locaie/ celul de memorie (inf) memory location
locaie; loc (t g) location
locul geometric al caracteristicilor
(graficele valorilor proprii ale matricei de transfer evaluate pentru o band de
frecvene) (t sist) characteristic loci
locul rdcinilor (traiectoria rdcinilor unei ecuaii algebrice cu un parametru
variabil) (t sist) root locus
logaritm (alg) logarithm
logaritm n baza 10 (alg) logarithm to the base ten
logaritm natural (an) hyperbolic logarithm
logaritm zecimal/ comun/ uzual (mat, alg) Briggs (ian) logarithm; common
logarithm
logaritmi neperieni/ naturali (mat) Naperian/ Napierian/ natural logarithms
logaritmic (l mat) logistic
logic sound
logic cu dou valori (l mat) two-valued logic

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logic cu mai multe valori (l mat) many-valued logic; multiple-valued logic
logic cu mai multe valori (l mat) multiple-valued logic
logic cu n-valori/ n-valent (l mat) n-valued logic
logic simbolic (matematic) (l mat) symbolical logic
logic vag/ fuzzy (sistem logic introdus deZadeh n 1973 care opereaz cu
cantiti vagi, adic cu informaii imprecise i nesigure) (t sist) fuzzy logic
logistic (l mat) logistic
logistic (logic simbolic) (mat) logistics
lot (t g) lot
lot de date (inf) batch
lovire; lovitur (t g) beat
loxodrom (geo) loxodrome; loxodromic line; spherical helix; rhumb; rhumb
line
loxodromic (geo) loxodromic
lua (a) take
lua (a) o mostr/ probe (t g) sample
lua (a) valoarea (t g) run
lua (a)/ a extrage (caractere din memorie) (inf) fetch
luare de probe/ de eantioane (t sist, st, inf) sampling
lucrare (inf) job
lucrare tiinific (articol) paper; study
lucrare urgent (inf) hot job
lucru (el) task
lumin intens (t g) blaze
luminozitate (t g) blaze
lungime length
lungime a cuvntului (la calculator) (inf) capacity
lungime (n bii) a unui cuvnt (inf) word size
lungime activ (a unui registru-acumulator n funciune) (inf) working length
lungime desfurat a unei curbe (geo) development of a curve
lungimea cercului (geo) circumference
lungimea cuvntului (alg) word length
lungimea generatoarei unui con (geo) slant height of a cone (of revolution)
lungimea unei curbe (an, geo) length of a curve; curve length
lungimea unei curbe simple nchise (geo) perimeter

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lungimea unui arc (an) arc length
lungimea unui vector (geo) vector length

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macroasamblator (asamblator cu faciliti de macroprelucrare i cu posibilitatea de
a translata programe scrise n limbaj de asamblare) (inf) macroassembler
macrodefinire (specificare a modului de formare a unui text prin folosirea
macrodefiniiilor) (inf) macrospecification
macroinstruciune (text scurt care definete un program recunoscut de
compilator) (inf) macroinstruction
macrolimbaj (limbaj de programare cu faciliti de macrodefinire) (inf)
macrolanguage
macroprocesor (program de translatare a unui text-surs ntr-un alt text-surs)
(inf) pre-processor
macroprocesor specializat n scrierea de programe (inf) STAGE
macroprocesor universal TRAC pentru prelucrarea irurilor de caractere (inf)
text reckoner and compiler (TRAC)
macroprogram (un ir de macroinstruciuni) (inf) macroprogram
magazie de cartele (a unui perforator) (inf) card deck
magazine de primire (inf) stacker
magnetism (domeniu al tiinei) magnetics
magnetism terestru earth magnetism
mai mare major
mai mic less
mai muli; mai multe several
mai puin less
major major
majora (a) (mat) majorize
majorant (an, mat) majorant; upper bound; dominant
majorare (an, inf) increment
majorat (mat) majorized
mner/ man de comand (t g) joystick
manet (t g) trigger
manevrare manual (el) manual operation
manipula (a) (la calculatoare) (inf) read; prove
manipulare (t sist, aut) sampling action
manipulare pe circuit de gril (tele) grid control
manipulator (inf) handler
manon de cablu (el) bunch; collar

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manon de legtur/ de derivaie (t g) cable box
manon/ muf coaxial () (aut) rabbet
mantis (mat) mantissa
mnunchi (el) bunch; collar
marca (a) (inf, t sist, tele, mat, t g) register; denote; label; brand; mark; indicate
marca (a) cu un semn sign
marcaj (care indic prezena sau absena unei informaii) (inf, aut) flag; tag
marcaj de sfrit al unui fiier (inf) end-of-file mark
marcaj iniial/ de ncepere/ de plecare beginning mark
marcare (t g) mark
marcat (alg, inf) signed; tagged
marcator (inf) marker
marc (simbol grafic care indic o locaie particular) (inf, aut) marker; tag
marc de fabricaie (t g) brand
mare great; major
margine (mat, t g) limit; margin; mete
margine inferioar (an) greatest lower bound; g.l.b. (abbr.)
margine superioar (an) least upper bound (l.u.b.); supremum (pl. suprema)
margine/ limit de securitate n amplificare (aut) gain margin
mrgini (a) (mat, t g) limit; narrow; intercept; locate
mrginire (an) boundedness; limitation
mrginire final (proprietate a unui sistem a crui stare intr i rmne ntr-o
vecintate a originii dup un interval finit de timp) (t sist) ultimate
boundedness
mrginire final uniform (t sist) uniform ultimate boundedness
mrginit (an, t g) bounded; limited; restricted
mri (a) augment
mri (a) la scar (geo) scale up
mrime (alg, mat, mec, t g) value; size; magnitude; quantum; amount; bulk;
extent
mrime a amortizrii (el) attenuation standard
mrime aleatorie (st) variate
mrime caracteristic (mat) characteristic quantity
mrime de calcul (inf) operand
mrime de comand (t sist) correcting condition

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mrime de influen/ de acionare (aut, t sist) actuating quantity
mrime de intrare (t g) input
mrime de intrare/ de comand/ de referin (t sist) control input
mrime de referin (aut, t sist) standard size; reference input
mrime de reglare (t sist) manipulated value
mrime dependent (aut) dependent variable
mrime final de reglaj (aut, t sist) final controlled condition; regulating
variable
mrime necunoscut (mat) unknown quantity
mrime reglat (t sist) controlled element
mrime scalar (mat) scalar quantity
mrime variabil fluent
mrime variabil msurabil (an) measurable variable
mrime vectorial (geo, alg, an) vectorial quantity
mrime/ cantitate negativ (alg) negative
mrime/ ieire de reglaj (t sist) controller output
mrime/ semnal/ putere de ieire (t g) output
mrime/ variabil independent (an) independent variable
mrimea procentului (arit) rate of interest
mrimea/ intensitatea vitezei (mat, mec) speed
mrit (mat) augmented
marj margin
martingal (dublare a cotei de participare la joc dup fiecare pierdere) (t pr)
martingale
mas (t g) bulk; compound
mas de msurat/ de control (aut) measuring table
mascare (aplicare a unei mti asupra unei date) (inf) masking
mascare (cu un semnal de amplitudine constant) (tele) black-out
masc (filtru format dintr-un ablon de caractere ce controleaz reinerea
ntr-un sau eliminarea dintr-un alt ablon de caractere) (inf) mask
main (t g) apparatus
main automat (inf) automatic machine
main cu un numr finit de stri (model matematic cu timp discret i un numr
finit de stri) (t sist) finite state machine
main de calcul (inf) calculating machine; computing machine; calculator

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main de control centralizat (aut) data logger
main de interclasat (cartele)/ de intercalat/ de interpolat (inf) collator
main de lectur (aut) reader
main de tabelat (inf) tabulator; tabulating machine
main electronic decalcul. (inf) computer; digital computer
main electronic de calculat cu cartele perforate (inf) electronic calculating
punch
msura unei mulimi (an) measure of a set
msura (a) (t g) measure; mete; mensurate
msurabil (an) measurable; mensurable
msurabilitate (an) measurability; mensurability
msurare (a mrimilor geometrice, ca: lungimile, ariile, volumele) (geo, mec, t g)
mensuration; measurement; dimension; measuring; analysis (pl. analyses)
msurare greit (t g) mismeasurement
msur (an,mat, t g) measure; measure function; size; extent
msur exterioar (an) outer measure
msur Lebesgue (an) Lebesgue measure
msur nul/ zero (an) measure zero
msur probabilistic (t pr) probability measure
matematic (de matematic) (mat) mathematical
matematic; matematici (mat) mathematics
matematic pur (mat) abstract mathematics
matematici actuariale (referitoare la asigurri) (st) insurance mathematics
matematici aplicate (mat) applied mathematics
matematici superioare (mat) higher mathematics
material (mec) material
materie (l mat, st) subject
matrice (alg, aut, mat, t sist, t g, st) matrix (pl. matrices/ matrixes); array
matrice a unei transformri (geo) transformation matrix
matriceadmisibil (a unei matrice); o matrice M care poate fi obinut prin
atribuirea unor valori particulare parametrilor liberi ai unei matrice M) (alg)
admissible matrix
matrice antihermitic (alg) skew-Hermitian matrix
matrice antisimetric (alg) skew-symmetric matrix; skew matrix
matrice asemenea (alg) similar matrices

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matrice completat (alg) augmented matrix
matrice conjugat (hermitic) (alg) associated matrix
matrice cu parametrii A,B,C,D (alg) ABCD matrix
matrice de codificare (inf) encoder matrix
matrice de deplasare (t sist) drift matrix
matrice de inciden (t graf) incidence matrix
matrice de strategii (t j) game matrix
matrice de transfer (model matematic care definete relaia intrare-ieire n
domeniul frecven a unui sistem liniar staionar; are expresia
H ( s) C ( sI A) 1 B D ) (t sist) transfer matrix
matrice de transfer 2-D proprie (matrice de transfer cu gradele numrtorului n
fiecare din cele dou variabile mai mici sau egale cu gradele numitorului) (t sist)
proper 2-D transfer matrix
matrice de transfer 2-D separabil (matrice de transfer al crei numitor se poate
factoriza ca produs de dou polinoame 1-D) (t sist) separable 2-D transfer
matrix
matrice de transfer al strii de staionare (t sist) state transition matrix
matrice de trecere (alg) transition matrix
matrice definit pe coloane (alg) column-definite matrix
matrice (adus la forma) diagonal (alg, e dif) diagonal matrix
matrice dreptunghiular (alg) rectangular matrix
matrice eelon (alg) echelon
matrice extins (alg) augmented matrix
matrice Hadamard (o matrice H n n cu elemente 1 i HH T nI , n=1,2 sau
multiplu de 4) (alg) Hadamard matrix
matrice hermitian (alg) Hermitianmatrix
matrice Hurwitz (matrice ptrat real cu toate valorile proprii cu partea real
negativ) (alg) Hurwitz matrix
matrice iacobian (an) Jacobian matrix
matrice invers (alg) reciprocal (of a) matrix; inverse matrix
matrice iterativ (alg) chain matrix
matrice Jordan (alg) Jordan matrix
matrice nesingular/ nedegenerat/ inversabil (alg) non-singular matrix;
invertible matrix
matrice nul (alg) zero matrix

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matrice ptrat (alg) square matrix
matrice pentru imprimarea prin puncte a caracterelor (inf) matrix
matrice polinomiale prime ntre ele/ coprime (alg, t sist) coprime polynomial
matrices
matrice pondere (t sist) weighting pattern
matrice proprie (alg) proper matrix
matrice raional (matrice cu elemente funcii raionale) (an, t sist) rational
matrix
matrice scalar (diagonal cu elementele de pe diagonala principal egale ntre
ele) (alg) scalar matrix
matrice Schur (matrice ptrat real ale crei valori proprii au valoarea absolut
subunitar; un sistem discret cu matricea de deplasare matrice Schur este
asimptotic stabil) (t sist, alg) Schur matrix
matrice simetric (alg) symmetric matrix
matrice singular (alg) singular matrix
matrice stocastic (t pr) stochastic matrix
matrice strict proprie (ale crei elemente sunt funcii raionale strict proprii) (alg)
strictly proper matrix
matrice Toeplitz (matrice simetric n care elementul i, j este funcie de i j ) (alg)
Toeplitz matrix
matrice triunghiular (alg) triangular matrix
matrice unimodular (alg) unimodular matrix
matrice unitar (alg) unitary matrix
matrice unitate (alg) identity matrix; unit matrix
matrice zero coprime (t sist, alg) zero coprime matrices
matricea de controlabilitate (pentru sistemul n-dimensional ( A, B) , matricea
C [ B

AB

A 2 B A n1 B] ) (t

sist) controllability matrix

matricea diferen de retur la intrare/ ieire (matricea de transfer referitoare la


diferena dintre semnalul injectat i semnalul de ntoarcere ntr-o bucl cu reacie
deschis la intrare, respectiv la ieire; n configuraii cu precompensator sau
postcompensator are expresia 1 FGK (s) sau 1 GKF (s) ) (t sist) return
difference matrix at the input/ output
matrice-coloan (alg) column matrix
matricial (mat) matric

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matri (t g) cast
maus (dispozitiv periferic care poate deplasa cursorul pe ecranul unui calculator)
(inf) mouse
maxim; maximum (an) maximum (pl. maxima)
maxim (al) (geo, inf) maximal; maximum; top
maximiza (a); a maximaliza (an, t j) maximize
maxim relativ (an) relative maximum
maxim tare (an) strong maximum
maximizant (an) maximizing
maxterm (l mat) maxterm
mecanic (mec) mechanical
mecanic (mec) mechanics
mecanic relativist (mec) relativistical mechanics
mecanic teoretic (mec) theoretical mechanics
mecanism (t g) device; instrument; plant
mecanism/ dispozitiv de reglaj (aut) controlling gear
mecanism de avans (t g) feed
mecanism de comutare cu program (aut, el) timer
mecanism de conectare/ de comutare/ de reglare (el, aut) controlling
mechanism; control switch gear/ mechanism
mecanism lector/ cititor de cartele perforate (inf) card reader
meci nul (t j) tie
median (geo, st) median
median (geo, st) median
mediat (l mat, mat) mediate; average
mediatoare (a unui segment) (geo) bisecting line; midperpendicular; median
perpendicular
medie (mat, geo) centre; center
medie (t pr, t g, mat) mean; middle; average
medie aritmetic (arit, mat) arithmeticmean; arithmetic average; average
medie aritmetico-geometric (alg) arithmetic-geometric average
medie geometric (medie geometric simpl) (arit) simple geometric mean
medie neponderat (st) unweighted mean
medie ptratic (an num, st) mean square value; quadratic mean
medie proporional (mat) mean proportional

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mediu (geo, st, t pr, t g) median; mean
mediu fizic de memorare a datelor (inf) medium
melanj (t g) blend
melcul lui Pascal (curba =acos +b) (geo) limaon
membran armonic (aut) sylphon
membran vibrant (edp) vibrating membrane
membru (arit, alg, l mat) term; member
membru stng/ prim (al unei egaliti) (mat) first/ left member
membrul drept (membrul al doilea) right-hand member; right member; second
member
membrul nti al unei ecuaii (mat) left-hand side
membrul stng (primul membru; partea stng a unei egaliti) (mat) left
member; first member
memora (a) (alg, geo, inf, t g) trace; spur; store
memorare (inf) storage, memory
memorare a indicaiilor (inf) read-out storage
memorare a informaiei (inf) file creation
memorare de date (inf) data storage
memorie (echipament sau subsistem pentru pstrarea/ stocarea/ nmagazinarea
informaiei) (inf, aut) memory; storage; store
memorie alocat primirii i memorrii programului (inf) instruction area
memorie a perforatorului de cartele (inf) card punch memory
memorie cache (memorie intermediar de nalt performan/ care comunic cu
microprocesorul mai direct dect memoria intern) (inf) cache memory
memorie capacitiv (aut) capacitor memory/ store
memorie care poate fi tears, programabil numai prin citire (inf) erasable
programmable read only memory; erasable storage
memorie circulant/ dinamic/ turnant/ cu timp de acces variabil (inf)
circulating memory
memorie cu acces aleatoriu/ imediat/ direct (inf) random access memory
(RAM)
memorie cu acces ciclic/ ciclic (inf) cyclic storage/ store
memorie cu cartele (inf) card memory
memorie cu coninut adresabil/ asociativ (inf) content-addressable memory/
store

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memorie cu date nregistrate pe discuri (inf) disk data storage
memorie cu discuri interschimbabile (inf) exchangeable disk store
memorie cu funcionare secvenial (memorie cu acces secvenial) (inf) serial
memory/ store
memorie cu niveluri diferite de acces (inf) two-level storage
memorie cu selecia cuvintelor (inf) word select memory/ storage/ store
memorie cu timp de ateptare zero (inf) zero-access memory/ storage/ store
memorie cu timp redus de acces (inf) low-access memory/ store
memorie cuplat (inf) on-line storage
memorie de baz (inf) B-store
memorie de calculator rapid/ cu timp de acces nul (inf) computer zero-access
memory
memorie de date (inf) data logger
memorie (cu acces aleatoriu) de durat/ nevolatil/ remanent (al crei coninut
nu este pierdut la deconectarea alimentrii) (inf) non-volatile (random-access)
memory (NVRAM; NVR)
memorie de instruciuni/ de comand (inf) control memory
memorie de instruciuni programate (inf) program (me) register
memorie de lucru a unui calculator (inf) computing store; scratch storage
memorie de mare capacitate cu ferite (el) bulk core storage
memorie de mas (de mare capacitate) (inf) mass storage
memorie dinamic cu acces aleatoriu (inf) dynamic random access memory
(DRAM)
memorie extern de mare capacitate (inf) external bulk store
memorie extern/ secundar/ auxiliar (inf) external memory
memorie fix/ permanent/ (programabil) numai pentru citit (inf) read only
memory (ROM)
memorie n lan (inf) chain memory/ store
memorie intermediar intrare-ieire (zon de stocare temporar a datelor de
intrare i ieire) (inf) I/ O buffer
memorie intermediar/ tampon (inf) buffer store; buffer
memorie magnetic (inf) magnetic memory
memorie matricial (n care coordonatele sunt folosite pentru adresarea locaiilor
sau elementelor periferice) (inf) matrix/ coordinate storage; matrix memory/
storage/ store

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memorie moart/ care nu poate fi modificat n utilizare normal (inf) read
only memory (ROM)
memorie necuplat (inf) off-line storage
memorie organizat pe cuvinte (inf) word-organized memory/ storage/ store
memorie pe discuri (magnetice pe un ax comun) (inf) disk file memory
memorie pentru instruciuni de comand (inf) control command store
memorie pentru reporturi (inf) carry-over storage
memorie permanent (care nu poate fi tears) (inf) unerasable memory
(storage)
memorie principal/ intern/ operativ (direct accesibil unitii centrale) (inf)
main memory
memorie programabil electric numai pentru citit (inf) electrical
programmable read only memory (EPROM)
memorie programabil numai pentru citit (cu tergere electric) (inf) electrical
erasable programmable read only memory (EEPROM)
memorie protejat (memorie care permite executarea n siguran a mai multor
programe la un moment dat) (inf) protected memory
memorie rapid (cu acces rapid) (inf) zero-access memory/ storage/ store; lowaccess memory/ store
memorie rezident (reprezentnd programele care rmn n memorie i dup
executarea ei) (inf) memory resident
memorie secundar/ extern/ auxiliar (inf) secondary memory/ storage/ store
memorie serial (n care timpul este folosit pentru localizarea biilor, semnelor sau
cuvintelor) (inf) serial storage
memorie static cu acces aleatoriu (inf) static random-access memory (SRAM)
memorie suplimentar a unui calculator (inf) computer backing store; backing
memory/ storage/ store
memorie tampon (intermediar) (inf) temporary memory (storage)
memorie tamponat (separat) prin baterie (inf) battery buffered memory
memorie temporar (solicitat scurt timp) (inf) temporary memory (storage)
memorie virtual (care permite existena unui spaiu de adresare practic nelimitat)
(inf) virtual memory (storage)
memorie volatil n/ din care se poate scrie/ citi (inf) random access memory
(RAM)
memorizator de cuvinte (inf, t sist, tele) register

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mentenabilitate (meninere n stare de funcionare) (t g) maintainability
mentenan; meninere (t g) maintenance
meninere a unui raport direct proporional (constant)
ntre semnalul de intrare i cel de ieire/ liniaritate (t sist, tele) linearity
meninere la o valoare constant (t g) maintaining constant
meniona (a) (t g) name
meniune (t g) name
meridian (pe o sfer) (geo) meridian
meromorf (an) meromorphic
meromorfism (alg) meromorphism
mers aleatoriu (la ntmplare) (t pr) random walk
mers datorit ineriei (el) coasting
mers n gol (t g) backlash
mers n paralel al mainilor (el) parallel operation
mers napoi backward running
mers la ntmplare/ fr restricii/ aleatoriu (t pr) unrestricted/ random walk
mers sincronizat (aut, el) independent time control
mesaj (inf) address (ADR)
mesaj (mulime de caractere i simboluri destinate transferului de informaie) (inf)
message
mesaj de eroare (referitor la o stare anormal de funcionare a unui calculator) (inf)
error message
metaasamblor (macroasamblor cu faciliti de macroprelucrare sofisticate) (inf)
metaassembler
metageometrie (geo) metageometry
metalimbaj (limbaj utilizat pentru descrierea altor limbaje) (inf, l mat)
metalanguage
metamatematic metamathematics
metavariabil (variabil metalingvistic care folosete un metalimbaj). (inf)
metavariable
metoda a doua a lui Liapunov (t sist, e dif) Lyapunov's direct/ second method
metoda aproximaiilor succesive (an, e dif) method of successive
approximations; cut and try method
metoda celor mai mici ptrate (an num) least squares algorithm/ method
metoda coardelor (alg) chord method

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metoda coeficienilor nedeterminai (mat) method of undetermined
coefficients
metoda de coborre a lui Hadamard (edp) method of descent
metoda diferenelor finite (an num) finite difference method; difference method
metoda drumului critic (c op) critical path method (CPM)
metoda elementelor finite (edp, an num) finite element method
metoda Galerkin (tehnic de ecuaii integrale) (an num) Galerkin's method
metoda Gauss-Seidel de rezolvare a sistemelor de ecuaii liniare (an num)
Gauss-Seidel method
metoda ntia a lui Liapunov (t sist, e dif) Lyapunov's indirect/ first method
metoda interpolrii liniare/ aproximrii prin pri proporionale (alg) rule of
false position; regula falsi
metoda lui Dahlen (procedur de sintez a reaciei) (t sist) Dahlen's method
metoda lui Gauss de rezolvare a sistemelor de ecuaii liniare (alg) Gauss
elimination
metoda lui Lagrange (metoda variaiei constantelor) (e dif) method of variation
of arbitrary constants/ of parameters
metoda lui Picard a aproximaiilor succesive (e dif) Picard method
metoda momentelor (procedur de rezolvare a ecuaiilor difereniale i integrale
n care funcia necunoscut se dezvolt n raport cu un sistem complet de funcii i
dezvoltarea este trunchiat) (t sist) method of moments (MOM)
metoda Monte Carlo de modelare a variabilelor aleatoare (simulare matematic a
unei situaii i experimentare cu un numr de alternative aleatorii) (c op, st)
Monte Carlo method
metoda multiplicatorilor (lui Lagrange) (an) method of multipliers
metoda perturbaiilor (edp) perturbation method
metoda punctelor de a (e dif) method of steepest descent
metoda reelelor (an num) finite difference method; net method
metoda secionrii (mat) tearing
metoda seleciei (st) sampling theory
metoda variaiei constantelor (metoda lui Lagrange) (e dif) variation of
parameters
metod (procedeu de calcul) (mat, inf) method; mode; calculation procedure
metod a buclei (el) loop test
metod a punctului zero (aut) zero method

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metod a verosimilitii maxime (st) maximum likelihood method
metod calitativ (e dif) qualitative method
metod de aproximare (an num) approximation method; method of
approximation; method of approach
metod de calculare/ evaluare i revizuire n mers a unui program (inf)
program (me) evaluation and review technique (PERT)
metod de compensare/ de egalare (t sist, aut) balancing method; balanced
method
metod de decizie (mat) decision method/ procedure
metod de integrare numeric (de aproximare a integralelor, n care intervin
valorile funciei ntr-un numr finit de puncte) (an) numerical integration
method
metod de rezolvare a unei probleme (mat) process
metod de schimbare a procesorului unui calculator personal fr schimbarea
plcii de baz (inf) processor upgrade
metod de selecie (st) sampling method
metod de verificare (t g) calibrating procedure
metod de verificare a nmulirii (mat) casting out
metod de zero (t g) balanced method
metod deductiv (l mat) deductive method
metod dialitic de eliminare (alg) dialytic method
metod direct (edp, e dif) direct method
metod grafic (mat) graphic method
metod HIPO de proiectare i documentare a produselor-program (inf)
hierarchy plus input-process-output (HIPO)
metod inductiv (l mat) inductive method
metod iterativ (an num) iterative method
metod pas cu pas (an num) step by step method
metod simplex (inf) simplex method
metod sintetic building method
metoda substituiei (alg) substitution method
metod tehnic (t g) procedure
metod variaional (edp) variational method
metode de multiplex/ de multiplexare (de separare a semnalelor n timp,
frecven sau faz) (el) methods of multiplexing

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metode de relaxare (an num) relaxation methods
metode numerice (an num) approximation calculus
metric (geo, arit) metric
metric (geo, arit) metric; metrics
metric cu simetrie sferic (geo) spherically symmetrical metric
metric definit (geo) definite metric
metrizabil (geo) metrizable
metrizare (geo) metrization
metru metre; meter
metru ptrat (geo) square meter
mezi (ai unei proporii) (alg) means
mic short; small
microcalculator (calculator cu microprocesor integrat) (inf) microcomputer
microcontroler (circuit integrat destinat controlului sistemelor) (t sist, aut)
microcontroller
microinstruciuni (program rezident n memoria fix a sistemului cu
microprocesor) (inf) firmware
microprelucrare (prelucrare cu ajutorul microprocesoarelor) (aut)
microprocessing
microprocesor (procesor realizat cu un numr redus de componente integrate pe
scar larg) (aut, inf) microprocessor
microprogramare (tehnic de implementare a unitii de comand a unui procesor
cu ajutorul unei memorii) (inf) microprogramming
microprogramare orizontal (care urmrete efectuarea simultan a tuturor
operaiilor posibile) (inf) horizontal microprogramming
microprograme (program rezident n memoria fix a sistemului cu microprocesor)
(inf) firmware
micora (a) (mat, t g) limit; shorten; diminish
micorare (mat) decrease; narrowing
mijloc (mat, geo, t g, t pr) centre; center; middle; mean
mijlociu (t pr, t g, mat, geo, st) mean; average; median
mijlocul unui segment de dreapt (geo) midpoint of a line segment; bisecting
point of a line segment
minicalculator (calculator cu lungime limitat a cuvntului i sistem de operare
simplu) (inf) minicomputer

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minim (um) (edp, st, mat) minimum (pl. minima); trough
minim; minimal minimal; smallest
minimax (geo, t pr, an) minimax
minimiza (a) (mat, an) minimize; minify
minimizare (mat) minimization
minor (alg, mat) minor determinant; subdeterminant; minor
minor ndreptat (alg) signed minor
minora (a) (mat) minorize
minorant (an) minorant; lower bound
minus (semnul minus; cantitate negativ) (alg) negative sign; less; minus; minus
symbol
minut (de arc/ de unghi/ de timp) (mat) minute
micare (t g) movement
micare alternativ (t g) back and forth motion
micare circular/ de rotaie (mec) gyration; circular motion
micare de avans (mec) feed motion
micare de recul (mec) back-up movement
micare de rostogolire (geo) rolling motion
micare periodic (mec) periodic motion
misiune (inf) task
mixt mixed
mixtur (t g) blend; blending
mod de execuie (al unui program) (inf) operating mode
mod de lucru acionat prin comand (n proiectarea asistat de calculator) (inf)
command-driven mode
mod de lucru/ de acionare/ de exploatare (el) operating mode
mod de operare al unui sistem digital de tip numrtor (inf) count-up (CU)
mod de oscilaie (aut, inf, tele) mode
mod de propagare (n ghidurile de und) (aut, inf, tele) mode
mod de reglare (t sist) controller action
mod de tratare (t g) procedure
mod dominant/ fundamental (t sist) dominant mode
mod interactiv de prelucrare a datelor (permind dialogul ntre operator i
sistemul informatic) (inf) interactive mode
mod protejat (mod de funcionare a unui calculator n care unitatea central poate

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executa la un moment dat n siguran mai multe programe) (inf) protected
mode
mod/ regim de funcionare glisant (n care traiectoria unui sistem dinamic se
mic pe o suprafa de alunecare) (t sist) sliding mode
model (mat, mec, t g, inf, t sist) form; model; design; template; pattern
model/ figur format () de conductoarele unui circuit imprimat (el) conductor
pattern
model al unei teorii tiinifice (l mat) formal system
model cu intrri libere (t sist) free input model
model de ateptare (descriere formal a unui sistem de ateptare) (c op)
queueing model
model de ordin redus (o reprezentare matematic a unui sistem obinut
prin eliminarea unor pri ale sistemului) (t sist) reduced-order model
model de sistem dinamic nedeterminat (model al unui sistem dinamic care
include nedeterminrile sau perturbaiile sistemului) (t sist) uncertain
dynamical system model
model de stare vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy state space model
model formal al limbajului LISP (inf) lambda calculus
model Hopfield (algoritm neural capabil s recunoasc o intrare incomplet) (t
sist) Hopfield model/ memory
model Markov latent (sistem dinamic discret guvernat de un lan Markov) (t sist)
hidden Markov model (HMM)
model universal de impuls (al sistemului reglat) (t sist, aut) universal impulse
model
model/ reprezentare de stare (ansamblu de ecuaii difereniale sau cu diferene i
de ecuaii algebrice, care determin funcionarea unui sistem dinamic continuu
sau discret; sistemele liniare continue au reprezentarea de stare
x(t ) A(t ) x(t ) B(t )u(t ) , y(t ) C (t ) x(t ) D(t )u(t ) unde x(t ) , u (t ) i y (t ) sunt respectiv
vectorii de stare, intrare i ieire) (t sist) state space model
modela (a) (inf) simulate
modelare (inf) modelling
modelare matematic (inf, mat) mathematical simulation
modelare prin elemente finite
(n proiectarea prin metoda
elementelor finite) (an num, edp) finite element modelling

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modem (dispozitiv care permite transmiterea datelor la distane mari fr erori)
(inf, tele) modem (data set); modulator-demodulator (MODEM); data set
modifica (a) modify
modificare (mat, t g, el) modification; alternation
modificare a lungimii (mat) elongation
modificator (aut) modifier
modul (aut, el, mat, t g) module; modulus (pl. moduli); building block
modul al unui program (inf) procedure
modul obiect (element de program tradus/ furnizat de un asamblor/ de un
compilator) (inf) object module
modul program (parte dintr-un program compus din una sau mai multe
instruciuni) (inf) program (me) module
modular (izat) (realizat ca bloc funcional tipizat) (aut, el, inf) modular
modulare (variaie a parametrilor unui semnal) (el, tele) modulation (mod.)
modulare n amplitudine (el) amplitude modulation (AM)
modulaie (el) modulating
modulaie de frecven (el, tele) frequency modulation (FM)
modulaie n amplitudine cu defazare la 900 (el, tele) quadrature amplitude
modulation (QAM)
modulaie liniar de frecven (modulaie a unei purttoare sinusoidale printr-un
semnal n forma dinilor de fierstru) (el) chirp modulation
modulaie pe gril (tele) grid control
modulator (el) modulating
modulo (arit) modulo
modulul/ lungimea unui vector (alg, geo) magnitude of a vector; vector length
moment (t g, mec) moment
moment contrar de rotire (mec) back twist
moment de readucere (aut) restoring moment
moment mixt (st) product moment
monitor (aut) monitoring device
monitor modulator (aut) modulating monitor
monoame asemenea (alg) like monomials; similar monomials
monoid (alg) monoid
monom (alg) single-term
monomial (alg) monomial

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monomorfism (alg) isomorphy; monomorphism
monoprogramare (exploatare cu rularea succesiv a programelor) (inf)
uniprogramming
monoton (an) monotonic; monotone; monotonous
monta (a) (t g) mount
montaj antiparalel (el) back-to-back connexion
montaj autoelevator catodic (amplificator electronic) (inf) bootstrap
montaj n cruce (el) compound slides
montaj n serie (el) series connection
montaj/ cuplaj n cascad/ n serie (el) cascade connection
montare (t g) fitting
montat n paralel (el) banked (together)
montur (el, tele) mount
morfism (alg) morphism
morfologie matematic (teorie matematic a transformrilor neliniare ale
imaginilor, bazat pe teoria mulimilor sau teoria laticelor, opus teoriei liniare a
sistemelor) (t sist, mat) mathematical morphology
mostr (mat) sample
motivat (l mat, alg) valid
mozaic (inf) matrix
muchie (geo, t graf) edge
muchie de ntoarcere (geo) edge of regression
muchie lateral (geo) lateral edge; side edge
muf (el, t g) box; cable box
multidimensional (alg, t sist, geo, mat) multivariate; polydimensional;
multidimensional
multietajat (cu/ n mai multe trepte) (el) multistage
multiform (an) multi-valued; many-valued; multiform; multiple valued
multiform n ambele sensuri (an) many-to-many
multiformitate (an) many-valuedness
multifuncional multipurpose
multilateral many-sided
multiliniar (mat) multilinear
mulime (mat, t g, mec, geo, el, inf, tele, st, t mul, t sist, alg, an, e dif) amount;
quantum; lot number; assemblage; manifold; range; set; lot; bulk; ensemble;

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system
mulime (multitudine) (l mat, mat) multitude
mulime a evenimentelor elementare (t pr) aggregate of simple events
mulime a punctelor-limit la frontier (an) boundary cluster set
mulime bine ordonat (t mul) well-ordered set
mulime Borel (an) Borel set
mulime ct/ factor (alg) quotient set; factor set
mulime complementar (t mul) complement of a set
mulime conex (t mul) connected set
mulime convex (an) convex set
mulime cu numr finit de elemente (t mul) finite set
mulime cu un singur element (t mul) singleton; unit set
mulime de convergen (an) set of convergence
mulime de definiie (an) range of definition
mulime de msur nul (an) zero set
mulime de numere (alg, geo, an) set of numbers
mulime de puncte (an, t mul) set of points; point set
mulime de stri discrete (t sist, t pr) discrete state-space
mulime dens (t mul) dense set
mulime derivat (an, t mul) cluster set; derived set
mulime deschis (t mul) open set
mulime diferen (t mul) difference set
mulime discret (t mul) discrete set
mulime format numai din puncte izolate (t mul) isolated set
mulime nchis (coninnd puncte care aparin i complementarei ei) (top)
nodal set; closed set
mulime msurabil (an) measurable set
mulime neconex (top) disconnected set
mulime nodal (top) nodal set
mulime numrabil (an) countable set; denumerable set
mulime ordonat (t mul) ordered set
mulime punctual (an) set of points
mulime suport (an, mat) support; carrier
mulime vag (mat) fuzzy set
mulime vid (mulime de msur nul) (t mul) null set; empty set

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mulimea de accesibilitate a sistemului (mulimea capetelor tuturor traiectoriilor
sistemului cu starea iniial nul) (t sist) attainable set for a system
mulimea punctelor limit (an) cluster set; derived set
mulimea soluiilor (alg, e dif) set of solutions; solution set
mulimea tuturor numerelor reale (an) real number system
mulime-ct; mulime-factor (t mul) factor set; quotient set
mulimi care au puncte interioare comune (t mul) overlapping sets
mulimi disjuncte (fr elemente comune) (t mul) mutually exclusive sets;
disjoint sets; non-overlapping sets
multiplex (tele) multichannel
multiplexare (utilizare a unei singure resurse pentru mai multe uniti) (aut, inf)
multiplexing; time sharing; multiplex
multiplexare (utilizare multipl prin divizare a lungimii de und) (tele)
wavelength division multiplixing (WDM)
multiplexor (echipament utilizat pentru multiplexare; dispozitiv de comand
pentru mai multe operaii) (aut, inf) multiplexer (mpx., mux.)
multiplica (a) (mat) multiply; augment
multiplicare (mat, tele) multiplication; grading
multiplicativ (mat) multiplicative
multiplicator (e dif) integrant/ integrating factor
multiplicator (nmulitor) (t sist, aut, mat) multiplier
multiplicator al lui Jacobi (an) Jacobian multiplier
multiplicatori ai lui Lagrange (an) Lagrange multipliers
multiplicitate (alg, geo, mat) manyess; manifold; multiplicity
multiplu (mat, t g) multiplex; multiple; repeated; multiway
multiplu comun (arit) common multiple
multiplu conex (an) multiply connected
multiplu ntreg (alg) integral multiple
multiplu par (alg) even multiple
multipolar (t g) multiway
multiprelucrare (existena a dou sau mai multe procesoare ntr-un calculator i
posibilitatea sistemului de operare de a concretiza avantajele existenei acestor
procesoare) (inf) multiprocessing
multiprelucrare simetric (ntr-un sistem n care mai multe procesoare folosesc
memoria n comun) (inf) symmetric multiprocessing (SMP)

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multiprocesor (calculator cu mai multe uniti centrale avnd acces la o memorie
principal comun) (inf) multiprocessor
multiprogramare (pentru executarea mai multor programe) (inf)
multiprogramming
multivector (geo) multivector
multivibrator bistabil (el, aut) trigger
multivibrator stabil (el) flip-flop (circuit)
mutual mutual

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nabla (an) nabla
natural (geo) intrinsic (al)
n-dimensional (geo, alg, t sist) n-dimensional
neadaptare (aut, tele, t g) misfit; mismatching; unbalance
neadaptat (tele) unmatched
neadevrat (l mat) untrue
neadmisibil inaccesible
neaflat sub control (inf, t g) off-line
nealeatoriu (care are o cauz bine determinat) (mat, t pr) assignable;
significant; non-random
nealiniere (aut) misalignment
neamortizat (t sist, mec, e dif) undamped
neanalitic (an, alg) non-analytic
nearhimedean (an) non-Archimedean
nearmonic (geo) anharmonic
neasemenea unlike
necesar necessary; required
necesitate necessity
neciclic non-cyclic
neclar (mat, tele) fuzzy
necompact (mat, top) loose; non-compact
necomparabil (nregistrare fr corespondent/ omolog) (inf) unmatched
necompensat (t g) unbalanced
necomutativ (geo, alg) skew; non-commutative
necomutativitate (geo, alg) skewness
neconcordan (aut, l mat) incongruity
necondiionat (fr condiii) (an, alg) unconditional; unconditioned
neconex (an, geo, top) unconnected; disconnected
necontrastant (mat, tele) fuzzy
necontrolabil (t sist) uncontrollable
neconvergent (an) non-convergent
necoplanar (geo) non-coplanar
necunoscut (mat) unknown
nedefinit (mat, l mat) indetermined; indefinite; indeterminate; undefined
nedegenerat (mat) non-degenerate; non-singular

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nedemonstrat (l mat) unproved; unproven
nedens (mat) loose
nedescresctor (mat) non-decreasing
nedesfurat (geo, an) undeveloped
nedeterminare (inf) equivocation; indeterminacy
nedeterminat (mat, alg) indetermined; indefinite; indeterminate; loose;
undetermined; uncertain; indeterminate
nedezvoltat (geo, an) undeveloped
nedirecional (tele) non-directional
nedirectiv (tele) non-directional
nedirijat (geo, an, inf) undirected; non-directional
nedivizibil (mat) indivisible
neechilibrat (t g) out-of-balance; unbalanced
neegal (mat) unequal; unlike
neetichetat (t graf, inf) unlabelled
neeuclidean (geo) non-Euclidean
neexact (mat) loose
nefinisat (t g) blank
nega (a) (l mat) deny
negare (l mat) contradiction
negaie de intersecie (aut, inf) inhibiting circuit
negaie; negare (l mat) negation; denial
negative (alg) negative
negator (inf) negator
neizolat (t g) blank
nencrcat (el) dead
nentrerupt (mat) solid
nelimitat; nemrginit limitless; boundless
nelinear (mat) non-linear
nelinearitate (mat) non-linearity
nemarcat (t graf, inf) unlabelled
nemrginire (an) boundlessness; unboundedeness
nemrginit (an) unbounded; boundless
nemetrizabil (top) non-metrisable
nenegativ (mat) non-negative

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nenul non-vanishing
nenumrabil (t mul, mat) uncountable; countless
nenumrabilitate (t mul) uncountability
neocmp (alg) neofield
neocorp (alg) neofield
neocupat (inf) not-busy
neoinel (alg) neoring
neomogen (mat) inhomogeneous; non-homogeneous
neomogenitate (mat) inhomogeneity
neordonat (an) unordered
neorientabil (top) non-orientable
neorientat (geo, an) undirected
neoscilant non-oscillatory
neperiodic (mat) non-periodic; non-cyclic
neperiodicitate (mat, mec) aperiodicity
neperturbat (t sist, e dif, inf, mec) undisturbed; unperturbed
nepotrivire (aut, l mat) incongruity; mismatch
neprimitiv (alg) imprimitive
nerectiliniu (geo) unstraight
nereflexiv (l mat) irreflexive; non-reflexive
nereglabil (t sist) uncontrollable
neregularitate irregularity
nerezolvabilitate (l mat) unsolvability
nesigur uncertain
nesiguran (inf) equivocation
nesimetric (geo, alg, t g) skew; unbalanced
nesingular (mat) non-singular
nestabilitate (t sist, e dif) unstability
nestaionar (t sist, edp, mec) unsteady; non-steady
net net
neted (st, an) smooth
neted pe poriuni (an) sectionally piecewise smooth
netezire (aut, t sist, st) smoothing
netezit (st, inf) smoothed
netranzitiv (l mat) intransitive; nontransitive

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neuniform non-uniform
neutilizat (aut, inf) blank
neutralizare (t sist, mec, t g) balancing
neutru neutral
neverosimil (puin probabil) unlikely
nevid. (an) non-empty; non-void
nilpotent (alg) nilpotent
nivel (mat, inf) level
nivel de suprimare/ de stingere (tele) black-out level
nivel de transmisie intensity of magnetic field
nivelare (inf) equalization
nod (al unui graf, al unei reele sau al unei oscilaii) (t graf) node
nod (el, mat, top) kink; loop; knot
nod al unei reele de comunicaii (tele) vertex (pl. vertices/ vertexes); branch
point; point of ramification
nod al unei vibraii (edp) vibration node
nod al unui graf (geo, t graf, inf) vertex (pl. vertices/ vertexes)
nod de asamblare (t graf) node
nod neregulat (mat) improper node
nod nestabil/ instabil (e dif) unstable node
nod stabil (e dif) stable nod
nodal nodal
noetherian (alg) Noetherian
non sens (l mat) meaninglessness
nonagon (geo) nonagon
non-zero adj. nenul
norma (a) (aut, inf) regulate; normalize
normal (alg, geo, mec) standard; regular (r., reg.)
normal (geo) normal line; normal
normal exterioar (edp) outward normal
normal la o suprafa (geo) surface normal
normal principal (geo) principal normal
normaliza (a) (a ajusta exponentul i mantisa unei cantiti cu virgul mobil) (inf)
normalize
normalizare (aducere a unui numr la o form standard; aducere la forma

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normal) (mat, t g) normalization
normalizat normalized
normare (mat, t g) normalization
normat (alg, geo, mec) standard; normed; normalized
normatron (calculator electronic imaginar folosit pentru nvarea programrii)
(inf) normatron
norm (mat) norm
not (t g) notation; note; notice (not.)
nota (a) note
notare (t g) notation; record (rec.)
notare n baza 5 (inf) quinary notation
notaie (t g) notation; symbol
notaie/ prezentare/ mod de scriere binar () (mat, inf) binary notation
notaie/ reprezentare zecimal codificat binar/ biquinar (inf) biquinary coded
decimal notation
noiune fundamental basic concept
nucleu (alg, e dif, t graf) kernel
nucleu complet (an) closed kernel
nucleu de rang finit (alg) degenerate kernel
nucleu reciproc (an) reciprocal kernel
nucleu rezolvant (an, e dif) resolvent; resolvent kernel; solving kernel
nucleu separabil al unei transformri 2-D (nucleu care se poate factoriza ca
produs a dou nuclee 1-D) (t sist, an) separable kernel for a 2-D transform
nucleu separabil al unei transformri n-D (nucleu care se poate factoriza ca
produs a n nuclee 1-D) (t sist, an) separable kernel for an n-D transform
nucleul unei ecuaii integrale (e dif) kernel/ nucleus of an integral equation
nucleul unui homomorfism (alg) kernel of a homomorphism
nul null
numr (aut, mat, t g) number; figure
numr al unui nod (numr care identific plcile unei reele de calculatoare) (inf)
node number
numr aleatoriu (inf) random number
numralgebric (alg) algebraic (al) number
numr binar (numr scris n sistemul de numeraie cu baza doi) (arit, inf) binary
number

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numr bipartiionat (mat) bipartite number
numr caracteristic (mat) characteristic number
numr caracteristic al unei matrice (alg) proper value; eigenvalue
numr cardinal (t mul) cardinal number
numr ce depete capacitatea unui calculator (inf) capacity exceeding/ out of
range number; infinity
numr complex (an) complex number
numr compus (arit) composite number
numr concret (mat) denominate number
numr cu lungime dubl (inf) double precision/ length number
numr cu mai multe cifre (aut, an num) multiple number
numr cu o singur cifr (inf, arit) single-valued number
numr de actualizare (numr zecimal asociat unui fiier n scopul identificrii
acestuia) (inf) updating number
numr de apel al unui program (inf) call number
numr de generare (folosit pentru identificarea fiierelor) (inf) generation
number
numr de lecturi succesive (la calculator) (inf) read-around number
numr de repetri ale grupurilor (n FORTRAN) (inf) group repeat count
numr de stabilitate (t graf) stability number
numr de versiune (numr asociat unui fiier n scopul identificrii acestuia) (inf)
version number
numr deficient (numr mai mare dect suma divizorilor si, exceptnd numrul
nsui) (mat) defective/ deficient number
numr derivat (mat) derivative
numr impar (arit) odd number
numr ntreg (arit, alg) integer; integral number; whole number; integer number
numr ntreg complex/ gaussian (mat) complex integer
numr ntreg negativ (arit) negative integer
numr iraional (an, mat) irrational number; irrational
numr iraional algebric (expresie care conine un numr iraional) (alg) surd
numr mare (mat) lot number
numr maxim de cifre (mat) capacity
numr natural (mat) natural number
numr natural neprim (arit) composite number

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numr necunoscut (mat) unknown quantity
numr operator (inf) operand
numr ordinal (an) ordinal; ordinal number
numr par (arit) even number
numr pozitiv (arit) positive number
numr prim (arit, geo, alg) prime; prime number
numr pur imaginar (alg) pure imaginary number
numr raional (alg) rational number
numr real (an) real
numr ridicat la ptrat (alg, geo) square
numr total de bii cu valoarea 1 din cadrul unui cuvnt (caracteristic a unui
vector binar utilizat pentru verificarea corectitudinii transmiterii datelor) (inf)
parity
numr transcendent (alg) transcendental number
numr zecimal (arit) decimal number; decimal
numra (a) (an num, inf, mat) cast up; number; tally; count
numra (a) invers/ descresctor (mat) count down
numrabil (an, t mul, mat) numerable; denumerable; countable; enumerable
numrabilitate (an) countability; denumerability; enumerability
numrare (mat, inf, arit) computation; numbering; enumeration; numeration
numrare a ciclurilor (inf) cycle count
numrare invers/ regresiv (mat) count down
numrare/ contorizare a cartelelor (inf) card count/ counting
numrtor (inf, t sist, tele, arit) register; numerator
numrtor cu circuit basculant (el) flip-flop counter
numrtor de impulsuri (mat, el) scaler
numrtor/ contor binar reversibil (inf) binary up-down counter
numrtor (contor) progresiv regresiv/ reversibil (de adunare i scdere) (inf)
forward-backward counter
numrtorul unui raport (mat, l mat) antecedent; numerator
numrul complex a ib, b 0 (mat) imaginary number
numrul complex i (an) imaginary unit
numrul de sub radical radicand
numrul gradelor de libertate (mec) number of the degrees of freedom
numrul unu (arit, alg) unity (pl. unities)

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nume (t g) name
nume al datei (inf) data name
nume al variabilei (locaie de memorie al crei coninut poate fi schimbat n
timpul rulrii programului) (inf) variable name
nume de definiie a datelor (inf) data definition name (DD name)
nume simbolic (etichet folosit n programele scrise n limbaj surs) (inf)
symbolic name
nume/ indicator de fiier (inf) file name
numeraie zecimal (arit) decimal numeration
numere complexe conjugate (an) conjugate complex numbers
numere prime ntre ele (arit) relatively prime numbers; coprime numbers
numere/ cifre funcionale (arit) function digits
numeric (mat, inf, arit) computational; digital; numerical; numeral
numerota (a) (mat) index; number
numerotare (mat, arit) numeration; numbering
numi (a) (t g) name
numitor al unei fracii (mat) denominator
numitor comun (arit) common denominator

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o singur instruciune-mai multe fluxuri de date (modalitate de organizare a
unui calculator cu o singur unitate de control) (inf) single instruction-multiple
data (SIMD)
o singur instruciune-un singur flux de date (inf) single instruction-single
data (SISD)
o unitate de informaie (inf) field
OBERON (inf) sistem de operare i limbaj de programare utilizabil pentru
mrirea performanelor sistemelor de operare
obiect (l mat, st) subject; object
obiect comandat (t sist) controlled member
obiect geometric (geo) geometric object
obiecta (a) object
obinuit regular (r., reg.); ordinary
oblic (alg, geo, an) oblique; diagonal; inclined; slant; slantwise; slanting; skew
oblicitate (geo, alg) skewness; dip; obliquity; obliqueness
obligaie (inf) task
observa (a) observe
observabil (mrime) (t sist) observable
observabilitate (proprietatea de a putea determina starea unui sistem observnd
intrarea i ieirea sistemului) (t sist) observability
observabilitate local a sistemelor 2-D (t sist) localobservability of 2-D systems
observat (obinut prin observaie) observed
observator (t sist) observer
observator asimptotic 2-D (t sist) asymptotic 2-D observer
observator de amortizare (t sist) dead-beat observer
observator vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy observer
observator/ estimator cu mod glisant (estimator de stare al unui sistem cu
nedeterminri la care eroarea dintre starea estimat i starea real prezint un mod
glisant) (t sist) sliding mode observer/ estimator
obstacol (t g) jog
obturator (el) trap
octaedric (cu opt fee) (geo) octahedral
octaedru (corp solid cu opt fee) (geo) octahedron (pl. octahedrons/ octahedra)
octagonal (geo) octangular
octant (a opta parte din cerc; fiecare din cele opt regiuni n care trei plane

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concurente perpendiculare cte dou impart spaiul) (geo, an) octant
octet/ bait (secven de bii, considerat ca o unitate) (inf) eight-bit/ byte
(character); byte (character)
octogon (geo) octagon; octangle
octogonal (geo) octagonal; octangular
ocuren occurrence
off-line (neaflat sub control) (inf, t g) off-line
olomorf (an) holomorphic
olonom (geo) holonomic
olonomie (geo) holonomy
ombilical (geo) umbilical
omogen (an, alg, st, top) uniform; homogeneous
omogenitate homogeneity
omografic (geo) homographic
omografie (geo) homography
omolog (inf, mat) unmatched; homologous; correspondent
omolog inferior (top) lower homologous
omologic (alg) homologic (al)
omologie (top) homology
omomorfism canonic (alg) canonical homomorphism
omomorfism natural (alg) canonical homomorphism
omotetic (geo) homothetic
omotetie (geo) homothety
omotopic (geo, top) homotopic
omotopic nul (top) null-homotopic
omotopie (geo, top) homotopy
omotopie celular (top) cellular homotopy
ondulator (el) inverter
on-line (aflat sub control; cuplat direct cu unitatea central; funcionnd n circuit
comandat de calculatorul central; direct; sistem de calcul la care un utilizator are
acces n mod interactiv // n timp real) (inf, t g) on-line
opera (a) (el, tele) run
operand (dat implicat n efectuarea operaiilor cu calculatoarele numerice) (inf)
operand
operator (simbol terminal al gramaticii unui limbaj de programare) (inf, an)

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operator
operator autoadjunct. (e dif) self-adjoint operator
operator complet continuu (an) completely continuous operator
operator de cmp (inf) field operator
operator de frontier (an) boundary operator
operator diferenial (e dif) differential operator
operator Hamilton. (an) del
operator hermitian/ simetric (an) Hermitianoperator
operator la consol (inf) consoleer
operator liniar (alg, an) linear operator
operator logic de disjuncie EITHER-OR
operator logic I (inf) AND operator
operator unitar (an, alg) unitary operator
operator unitate/ identitate (an, edp) unit (y) operator
operatorul de translaie (an) shift operator
operatorul lui Laplace (an, edp) Laplace operator
operatorul nabla (an) nabla operator
operaie (arit, inf, t g) performance; job; procedure; rule
operaie a memoriei (inf) storage operation
operaie aritmetic (mat, inf) computation; arithmetical operation; counting
operation
operaie aritmetic cu mai multe precizii (inf) multi-precision arithmetic
operaie auxiliar/ accesorie (aut) housekeeping
operaie binar (inf) binary operation
operaie (aciune) comandat numeric (inf) numerical action
operaie cu virgul fix (inf) fixed-point calculation
operaie de intrare-ieire (executare a unei comenzi n sistemul de intrare-ieire) (t
sist, inf) input-output operation
operaie de neechivalen EITHER-OR
operaie de serviciu (inf) control function
operaie extern (alg) external operation
operaie (funcionare) greit (t g) misoperation
operaie intern (mat) internal operation
operaie logic (de tipurile NU, I, SAU etc) (l mat) logic operation
operaie logic OR (mat) alternation

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operaie matematic (mat) computing calcul
operaie paralel (aut) parallel operation
operaie ternar (alg) ternary operation
operaie unar (alg, inf) unary operation
operaii accesorii/ neproductive (ale unui calculator) (inf) red-tape operations
operaii inverse. (alg) reverse operations
operaional operational; symbolic (al)
opoziie (l mat) contradiction
opri (a) (mat, inf, t sist, t g) break; retard; shut off
opri (a se) (inf) hang up
oprire (t g) shut down
oprire a unui proces sau a executrii unei sarcini (inf) lockout
oprire automat (aut) self-stopping
oprire facultativ (pe care sistemul de calcul o ignor dac n prealabil nu este
validat de operator) (inf) optional stop
oprire neprevzut (a calculatorului) (inf) hang up
optim (t sist, e dif) optimal; optimum; best
optimal (t sist, e dif) optimal; optimum
optimalitate (t sist, e dif) optimality
optimiza (a) optimize
optimizare (proiectare/ modificare a unui sistem sau program n scopul obinerii
eficienei maxime) (t sist, c op, aut) optimization; optimizing
optimizare cu comand adaptiv (t sist) adaptive control optimisation
opune (a se) (geo) subtend
opus (mat) inverse; opposed; opposite
opusul unui vector (an) negative of a vector
orb (t g) blank
orbit (geo, mec) orb; orbit
orbital (geo, mec) orbital
ordin (mat) degree; position; index (pl.indices/ indexes); order
ordin (al unui tensor) (alg, geo, inf) rank; command
ordin de cretere (mat) growth
ordin de derivare (an) order of differentiation
ordin de multiplicitate (aut) multiplicity
ordin iniial (tele) bootstrap

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ordinal (an) ordinal; ordinal number
ordinar ordinary
ordinator (inf) digital computer; multipurpose computer
ordine (t sist, aut, inf, an) order; ordering; succession
ordine a factorilor aleatorii (t pr) randomization
ordine parial (t mul) partial order
ordinul contactului (geo) order of contact
ordinul de multiplicitate al unei rdcini (alg) order of root
ordinul unei ecuaii difereniale (e dif) degree of a differential equation
ordinul zecilor (mat) decade
ordona (a) (el, inf, tele, mat) range; order
ordonare (an, mat) ordering; order
ordonare intercalat (ex. a nregistrrilor pe un suport de date) (inf) interlaced
storage assignment
ordonat (an) ordered
ordonat (coordonata y) (geo) ordinate; y-coordinate
organ de comand (aut, t sist, t g) control device; actuating mechanism
organ de reglare/ de comand (t sist) correcting element
organ motor (aut) final control element
organigram (t g, t sist, mat, inf) diagram; organization chart; set (-)up; flow
chart; logical diagram
organiza (a) (t g) establish
organizare (arhitectur) a unui sistem de calcul (integrare a unitilor funcionale
ntr-un subsistem hardware) (inf) system organization
organizare a unui program (alctuire a unui program ca structur i mod de
comunicare ntre componente) (inf) program (me) organization
organizare secvenial logic a memorrii (inf) control logical sequential
storage organization
oriciclu (geo) oricycle
orienta (a se) orient
orientabil (top) orientable
orientabilitate (top, geo) orientability
orientare (mat) bearing; orientation
orientat (geo, an, top) sensed; oriented
orientat n sus upward

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orientat/ dirijat ctre stnga left-handed
original (an, t g) original; initial function; proper
origine zero (pl.zeroes/ zeros); origin
origine a coordonatelor (an) fixed point; stated point
originea reperului/ coordonatelor (geo) origin of coordinates
originea sistemului de coordonate (geo) origin of system of coordinates
originea timpului (mec) origin of time
orizont al comenzii (momentul final al intervalului de operare al comenzii) (t sist)
control horizon
orizontal horizontal
orizontal (geo) horizontal line
ortocentric (geo) orthocentral
ortocentru (punctul de intersecie a nlimilor) (geo) orthocentre
ortogonal (geo) orthogonal; orthographic
ortogonalitate (alg) orthogonality
ortogonaliza (a) (alg) orthogonalize
ortogonalizare (alg) orthogonalization
ortonormal (alg) orthonormal (ized)
ortoptic (geo) orthoptic
oscila (a) (e dif) swing; oscillate
oscilant (e dif) oscillating; oscillatory
oscilaia unei funcii. (an) saltus of a function; oscillation of a function
oscilaie (e dif, el, inf, tele) swing; oscillation; beat; range
oscilaie amortizat (t sist, el) damped oscillation
oscilaie atenuat (el) decadent oscillation
oscilaie corectoare de mic amplitudine (el) dither
oscilaie impus/ forat (el) forced vibration
oscilaie ntreinut (el) sustained oscillation
oscilaie liber/ proprie (el, t sist) free oscillation
oscilaie neamortizat (t sist, e dif) undamped oscillation
oscilaie pendular (tele) hunting
oscilaie proprie (mec) natural oscillation
oscilaie sinusoidal. (e dif, t sist) sinusoidal oscillation
oscilaie sinusoidal amortizat (t sist, el) damped sine wave oscillation
oscilaie transversal (edp, mec) lateral oscillation

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oscilaie triunghiular/ n dinte de fierstru (el) ramp
oscilaii amortizate (t sist, el) dead-beat oscillations
oscilaii staionare steady-state oscillations
oscilator (generator de oscilaii/ de semnale cu o anumit frecven) (el)
oscillator (OSC)
oscilator cu reacie (t sist) feedback oscillator
oscilatoriu (e dif) oscillating; oscillatory
oscilograf de impulsuri periodice (el) recorder
oscula (a) (a avea,obinuit, trei puncte n comun) (geo) osculate
osculaie (contact de ordinul al doilea) (geo) osculation
osculator (an, geo) osculatory; osculating
oval (geo) oval; egg-shaped
ovoid (geo) egg-shaped

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pachet (cea mai mic unitate de date care poate fi manevrat ca o entitate logic;
parte a unui mesaj) (inf) packet; package; pack
pachet de cartele (inf) card deck
pachet de date (inf) token
pachet de discuri (set de discuri magnetice fixate rigid pe un cilindru metalic) (inf)
disk pile
pachet de mesaje (unitate de informaie utilizat pentru comunicaii n cadrul unei
reele) (inf) message packet
pachet software (program care poate fi folosit de mai muli utilizatori) (inf)
software package
paginare a memoriei (transferare a
segmentelor unui program din memoria intern ntr-un mediu cu memorie
virtual i invers) (inf) memory paging
palpator de lectur (aut, inf) feeler pin
pan (geo, mec) wedge
pan de funcionare (t g) breakdown
panoramare (translatare continu a unei imagini afiabile) (inf) panning
panou (aut) board
panou de semnalizare (aut) indicator
pant (geo, an) slope; inclination; gradient; dip
pnz (geo, an) sheet; nappe
pnz a unei suprafee (geo) sheet of a surface
pnz a unei suprafee conice (geo) nappe of a conical surface
pnz a unui hiperboloid (geo) sheet of a hyperboloid
par (arit, an) even
parabol (geo) parabola; second degree curve
parabol cubic (geo) cubical parabola
parabol semicubic (geo) semicubical parabola
parabolic (geo) parabolic (al)
paraboloid (geo) paraboloid
paraboloid de revoluie/ de rotaie (geo) paraboloid of revolution
paraboloid hiperbolic (geo) saddle surface
paraboloidal (geo) paraboloidal
paracompacitate (top) paracompactness
paracompact (top) paracompact

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paraconvex (alg, an) paraconvex
paradigm (inf) paradigm
paralel (comportare simultan a elementelor unui set de informaii) (inf)
parallel
paralel al unei suprafee de rotaie (geo) parallel
paralel (geo) parallel
paralelipiped (geo) parallelepiped; parallelepipedon
paralelipiped drept (geo) right parallelepiped
paralelipiped dreptunghic (geo) rectangular parallelepiped; rectangular solid;
cuboid
paralelipipedic (geo) parallelepipedal; parallelepipedic; parallelepipedonal;
parallelepipedous
paralelism (geo) parallelism; parallelness
paralelogram (geo) parallelogram
paralelogramul forelor (mec) parallelogram of forces
paralogism (l mat) fallacy
parametri ABCD (form matematic utilizat pentru caracterizarea reelelor
diport) (el, t sist) ABCD parameters
parametric parametric
parametrizare (an) parametrization
parametru (mat) characteristic quantity; parameter
parametru (al unei conice) (geo) focal chord
parametru (care comand alegerea unui ansamblu de instruciuni ntr-un
program) (inf) switch (point)
parametru (mrime de referin sau de reglare) (t sist) controlled/ manipulated
variable; control parameter
parametru de reea (el) network parameter
parametru dinamic (fixat n cursul executrii unui program) (inf) program (me)
generated parameter
parametru mic (e dif) small parameter
parametru variabil (geo) variable parameter
/ variable
paranorm (an) paranorm
parantez (mat) bracket; square bracket
parantez dreapt (mat) square bracket

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parantez rotund (mat) round bracket
paratingent (an) paratingent
parazii (tele) noise
parcurge (a) (t g) run
parcurs (t sist, mec) path
prghie (t g) joystick
paritate (inf, mat) parity; pairing; evenness
parol (n reelele de calculatoare) (inf) password
parol de apel (inf) call word
parte (arit, alg, l mat, geo, an, t g) term; part; half; section; feature; side
parte a unei memorii masive (inf) track
parte din memoria intern a unui calculator (inf) zone
parte dintr-un corp de rotaie (cuprins ntre dou plane care se intersecteaz n
interiorul corpului) (geo) ungula (pl.ungulae)
parte operaional a unei instruciuni (inf) function part
parte superioar (geo, inf) top
parte util a unui semnal de intrare (sau de ieire) (t sist, aut) desired portion of
the input (or output)
partea de sus (a unui obiect) (geo, inf) top
partea dreapt (alg) right (-hand) side
partea imaginar (an) imaginary part
partea real (a unui numr complex) (an) real part
partener (t j) opponent
partener corect (t j) fair opponent
partener la joc (t j) gambler
parial partial
parial ordonat (an) partially ordered
particul (mec, t g) material point; fraction
particular particular
particularitate (t g) feature
partid (st) lot
partiie (zon a memoriei interne; spaiu al unui hard-disc) (inf) partition
pas spacing
pas (al unei elice) (geo) pitch (of a helix)
pas (an num) difference interval; mesh width; step

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pas/ etap/ treapt a (l) unui program (inf) program (me) step
pasivitate incremental strict (t sist) incremental strict passivity
pastil (el) chip
pat (an) spot
patinare (t g) backlash
patrulater (geo) tetragon; tetragonal; quadrangle; quadrienal
patrulater oarecare (geo) trapezium (pl. trapezia); trapezoid
pauz (t g) break
pstrare (t g) maintenance
pta (a) (t g) blemish
ptrat (alg, geo) square; quadrate; regular quadrilateral/ quadrangle
ptrat cu latura 1 (geo) unit square
ptrat perfect (alg) perfect square
ptratic (alg, geo) quadratic
prghie de echilibrare (t g) balanced lever
pe onto
pe poriuni (an) piecewise
pe un singur rnd (el) in-line
pendul (mec) pendulum
pendul compus (mec) bar pendulum
pendul matematic (mec) ideal simple pendulum
pendulare (mec) swinging oscillation
pentaedru (poliedru cu 5 fee) (geo) pentahedron; pentahedral
pentagon (geo) pentagon
pentagonal (geo) pentagonal
pentasferic (geo) pentaspherical
pereche (geo, arit, mat) twin; couple; pair
pereche de drepte (geo) line pair
pereche ordonat (an) ordered pair
perechi-perechi (mat) pairwise
perfect perfect
perforaie (inf) hole
perforaie 11 (la calculatoare) (inf) X-punch
perforaie 12 (la calculatoare) (inf) Y-punch
perforaie de zon (inf) zone punch/ punching

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perforator-verificator de cartele (inf) card proof puncher
periferic (inf, t g) off-line
perimetru (geo) circumference; perimeter; periphery
perimetru al unei seciuni transversale (geo) girth (of a solid with equal cross
sections)
perioad (mat) degree; time lapse (period); cycle; loop
perioad (timp minim dup care o mrime repetitiv urmeaz aceeai evoluie)
(an, t g) period (per.)
perioad a unei fracii periodice (aut) repetend
perioad a unei mrimi periodice (an) periodic time
perioad de conservare/ de memorare a unui fiier (inf) file retention period
perioada de eantionare (intervalul n care variabila eantionat este meninut
constant) (t sist) sampling period
perioad de nefuncionare (t g) off-cycle
perioad de recuren (mat) tact period
perioad de timp (arit, alg, l mat) term
perioad de vibraie (edp) vibration period
perioada oscilaiilor proprii (e dif) natural period
perioad proprie (e dif) natural period
perioad tranzitorie (el, aut, tele) building-up time; build-up time
perioad/ ciclu de lucru (inf) duty circle
perioad/ timp de ncrcare (el) loading time
periodic (mat, an) repeating; cyclic (al); periodic (al); recurrent
periodicitate periodicity
permanen invariability
permis (mat) allowable
permisibil permissible
permite (a) (mat) allow
permuta (a) (alg) transpose
permutabil (e dif) permutable
permutabilitate (alg) permutability
permutare (alg, mat) commutation; permutation; alternation
permutare ciclic (alg) circular permutation
permutare circular (alg) cyclic permutation
permutare par (alg) even permutation

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perpendicular (geo, alg) perpendicular; right; normal
perpendicular (geo) perpendicular; normal line
perpendicularitate (geo) perpendicularity
persoan care dirijeaz funcionarea unui sistem de calcul (inf, an) operator
perspectiv (geo) perspective
perturba (a) (mec, t g) disturb; perturb
perturbare (interferen nedorit n timpul funcionrii calculatorului) (inf) bug
perturbat (aut, t sist, mec) disturbed; perturbed
perturbaie (semnal care reduce cantitatea de informaie recepionat) (t sist, mec,
el, t g, aut) perturbation; perturbance; fault; disturbance; disturbancy
perturbaie la ieire (t sist, inf) output disturbance
perturbaie periodic (t sist, mec) periodic perturbation; periodic inequality
perturbaie sinusoidal sinusoidal disturbance
perturbaie special/ parial (mec) special perturbation
perturbaii (tele) noise
peste tot (mat) everywhere
petrece (a se) (t g) occur
pfaffian (geo) Pfaffian
picioru de contact (aut) tag
piedic (t g) jog
pierdere (el) loss
pierdere de informaie/ de elemente binare (inf) drop-out
pierdere la transferul informaiilor (ntre memorii) (inf) data dump
pierdere tehnologic (t g) technological loss
pies component principal (t g) chief constituent
pil (el) element
pil electric (el) cell
pilot automat (cu comand electronic) (aut, inf) electronic autopilot; automatic
pilot
piramid (geo) pyramid
piramidal (geo) pyramidal
pist (inf) track
pist de comand pentru caden (tact) (aut) timing track
pist de referin (de sincronizare) a semnalelor baz de timp (inf) timing track
pivota (a) (t g) slew

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plac de baz (t g) foot plate
plac de circuit imprimat (aut) board
plac de extensie a memoriei (inf) upper memory board
plac de sprijin (acumulator) (el) backing plate
plcu cu datele tehnice principale (inf) data plate
plcu modular complex (el) complex function chip
planbisector (geo) bisector of an angle between two intersecting planes
plan (geo,mat, t graf, alg, t g) flat surface; plan; plane surface; planar; flat; syllabus
(pl. syllabuses; syllabi); map; draft; outline; design
plan complex (an) complex plane
plan de coordonate (geo) coordinate plane
plan de desfurare a unui program (inf) program (me) (flow) chart
plan de montaj (el) diagram of connections/ of wiring
plan de profil (geo) profile plane
plan de proiecie (geo) plane of projection; projection plane
plan de selecie (st) sampling design
plan de simetrie (al unei cuadrice) (geo) principal plane; plane of symmetry;
symmetry plane
plan diametral (geo) diametral plane
plan director (geo) director plane
plan nclinat (mec) inclined plane
plan normal (geo) normal plane
plan osculator (geo) osculating plane; plane of curvature
plan polar (geo) polar plane
plan proiectant (geo) projecting plane
plan proiectiv (geo) projective plane
plan radical (a dou sfere) (geo) radical plane
plan rectificant (geo, an) rectifying plane
plan tangent (geo) tangent plane; tangential plane
planar (geo, t graf, alg) planar
plane cu o dreapt comun (geo) collinear planes
planificare (stabilire a secvenei i a prioritii activitilor; alocare a resurselor
unui sistem de calcul) (inf) scheduling
planificare a programelor de canal/ de pist nlnuite (inf) chained channel
program (me) scheduling

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planificator (component a sistemului de operare al unui calculator) (inf)
scheduler
planimetric (referitor la geometria plan) (geo) planimetric (al)
planimetrie (geo) planimetry
planet (t g) board
planul complex (an) z-plane
planul de la infinit (geo) infinite plane
planul fazelor (spaiu al strilor bidimensional) (t sist, e dif) phase plane
planul xOy (geo) xOy-plane
plat (geo) flat
platband (t g) band
plin full
plot de criterii (n proiectarea asistat de calculator folosind metoda elementelor
finite) (inf) criterion plot
ploter (t g) characteristic curve tracer; function plotter
poart (el) gate
poart A sau NU B (inf) implication gate; inclusion gate
poart/ circuit de comand (aut, inf) control gate
poart de amestec (inf) inclusive OR circuit
poart de nlnuire (inf) implication gate; inclusion gate
poart intrare-ieire (registru destinat manipulrii datelor de intrare i ieire) (inf)
I/ O port
poart logic ANTICOINCIDEN/ SAU-EXCLUSIV (inf) anticoincidence
gate
poart logic I-NU (inf) AND-NOT gate/ element
poart NU (el) complement gate
poart SAU (el, aut) union gate
poart I (poart electronic al crei semnal de ieire este condiionat de excitarea
simultan a tuturor intrrilor) (inf, el) coincidence gate
poart I inversat/ negat (inf) AND-NOT gate/ element
poart I-NU (inf) except-gate
poart I-NU/ CU EXCEPIA LUI (aut, inf) inhibiting circuit
podar (geo) pedal curve; pedal
pol (an, t sist) pole
pol al unei matrice de transfer 2-D (o pereche de numere complexe care anuleaz

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numitorul n( z1 , z 2 ) al matricei de transfer) (t sist) pole of a 2-D transfer matrix
pol al unui circuit nchis de reglare/ al unei funcii de transfer (t sist) closedloop pole
pol de primul ordin (an) simple pole
pol dominant (al funciei de transfer) (t sist) dominant pole
pol multiplu (an) multiple pole
pol simplu (an) simple pole
polar (geo) polar; polar line
polaritate (geo, alg) polarity; polar mapping
polariza (a) bias
polarizare (aut, el) bias; back bias; backing-off voltage
polarizare automat a detectorului (aut) detector balanced bias
polarizat (alg, geo, inf) polarized
poliarmonic (an) polyharmonic
poliedric (geo) polyhedral; polyhedric
poliedru (geo) polyhedron (pl. polyhedra/ polyhedrons)
poliedru convex (geo) convex polyhedron
poliedru cu 12 fee (geo) dodecahedron
poliedru n numere ntregi (coordonatele vrfurilor sunt numere ntregi) (mat)
integer polyhedron
poliedru regulat (geo) regular polyhedron; regular solid
poliedru stelat (geo) star polyhedron
poligoane asemenea (geo) similar polygons
poligon (geo) polygon
poligon al frecvenelor (st) histogram
poligon convex (geo) convex polygon
poligon cu cincisprezece laturi (geo) pentadecagon
poligon cu nou laturi (geo) nonagon
poligon cu patru laturi (geo) quadrienal
poligon cu apte laturi (heptagon) (geo) heptagon
poligon cu ase laturi (hexagon) (geo) hexangle; hexagon
poligon cu unsprezece laturi (endecagon) (geo) hendecagon; undecagon
poligon cu zece laturi (geo) decagon
poligon echiunghiular (cu toate unghiurile egale) (geo) equiangular polygon
poligon nscris (geo) inscribed polygon

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poligon neregulat (geo) irregular polygon
poligon regulat (geo) regular polygon; regular plane figure
poligon sferic (geo) spherical polygon
poligon stelat (geo) star polygon
poligonal (cu mai multe unghiuri) (geo) multangular; multiangular; manysided; polyangular; polygonal
polinoame ortogonale (an) orthogonal polynomials
polinoame prime ntre ele/ coprime (alg, t sist) coprime polynomials
polinoame zero coprime (t sist, alg) zero coprime polynomials
polinoamele lui Hermite (an) Hermite polynomials
polinoamele lui Jacobi (an) Jacobis polynomials
polinoamele lui Legendre (e dif) Legendres polynomials
polinom (alg, an) polynomial; multinomial; entire rational function
polinom (cu coeficieni ntregi) care are coeficientul dominant egal cu 1 (alg)
monic polynomial
polinom al lui Gegenbauer (an, edp) ultraspherical polynomial
polinom caracteristic (alg) characteristic polynomial
polinom de gradul al doilea (alg) quadratic polynomial
polinom de interpolare (an num) interpolating polynomial; interpolation
polynomial
polinom factorial (alg) factorial function
polinom Hurwitz (polinom cu toate rdcinile cu partea real negativ) (alg)
Hurwitz polynomial
polinom ireductibil (alg) irreducible polynomial; prime polynomial; prime
function
polinom ireductibil/ prim (alg) prime function/ polynomial; irreducible
polynomial
polinom minimal (alg, e dif) minimum polynomial
polinom prim (alg) irreducible polynomial; prime polynomial; prime function
polinom reductibil/ factorizabil (alg) reducible polynomial polinom
polinom trigonometric (an) trigonometric polynomial
polinomial (alg) polynomial; multinomial
politop (geo) polytope
pompaj (tele) hunting
ponderare (t sist, st) weighting

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ponderat (st) weighted
pondere (an) weight
pondere a unei poziii binare (inf) binary weight
pondere Hamming (numrul simbolurilor nenule ntr-un ir de simboluri) (inf)
Hamming weight
porni (a) din nou restart
pornire (punere n micare) (t g) breakaway; start
port al memoriei (legtur logic prin care datele sunt transferate n/ din memoria
principal) (inf) memory port
portabilitate (uurin de modificare a unui program) (inf) portability
poriune (arit, alg) fraction
poriune de curb cuprins ntre dou puncte ale sale (an) segment of curve
poriune definit a unui disc magnetic (inf) volume
posibil dar nu necesar (mat) frank; open
posibilitate de a executa un singur program la un moment dat (caracteristic
unui sistem de operare) (inf) monotasking
posibilitate de a se executa simultan (pe acelai calculator) dou sau mai multe
programe (caracteristic a unui sistem de operare) (inf) multitask
posibilitate de acces (inf, mat) accessibility
posibilitate de modificare a dimensiunilor unei imagini fr redefinirea
parametrilor acesteia (inf) zoom
posibilitate de obinere (inf) availability
postulat (l mat) postulate
potenial (an) potential function; potential
potenial cinetic (an) kinetic potential
potenial retardat (edp) retarded potential
potenial scalar (an) scalar potential
potenialul vector (edp) vector potential
potrivi (a) (aut) regulate
poziie (t sist, mat, inf, t g) state; occurrence; position; point; digit
poziie de echilibru (t sist) steady position
poziie de echilibru global asimptotic stabil (poziie de echilibru asimptotic
stabil a crei domeniu de atracie este tot spaiul strilor) (t sist) globally
asymptotically stable equilibrium
poziie de plecare (t sist, t j) initial position

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poziie de repaus (mat) position of rest/ of repose
poziie de schimbare a sculei i a suportului piesei (prelucrate pe o main cu
comand numeric) (inf) home position
poziie iniial (mec) initial point
poziie iniial a unui selector (tele) home position
poziie superioar a unei cartele perforate (inf) zone
poziie zero (de nul) a unui circuit nchis de reglare/ a unei funcii de transfer (t
sist, aut) closed-loop zero
poziionare la punctul zero (de repaus) (aut, el) zero setting
poziionare i apsare (mod de comunicare ntre utilizator i calculator;
poziionare a cursorului pe un obiect afiat pe ecranul monitorului i apsare a
mouse-ului pentru selectarea acelui obiect) (inf) point & click
pozitiv (alg) plus; positive
pozitivitate positivity; positiveness
prag (tg) bar
prag/ nivel al unei mrimi (el) degree
preamplificator (el) booster amplifier
precedent previous
precis (mat) correct; exact
preciza (a) (mat, t g) define; specify; fix
precizat determined
precizie closeness
precizie/ exactitate de adaptare (aut, tele) matching accuracy
precompact (top) precompact
precompensator (compensator poziionat la intrarea unui sistem) (t sist, aut)
pre-compensator
predecesor (t mul, t graf) predecessor
predicat (expresie alctuit din mai multe variabile din care poate fi obinut o
propoziie adevrat sau fals) (l mat) predicate
predicie (procedur de estimare a strii viitoare a sistemului pe baza datelor
cunoscute pn n prezent) (t sist, aut) prediction
preface (a) modify
pregtire a datelor pe un suport de informaii (inf) data preparation
pregrupare (aut) batch processing
preimagine (an) pre-image

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prelucra (a)/ a manipula informaii (n partea logic a unui calculator) (inf)
manipulate information
prelucrare (an num, inf, t sist, mat, t g)- treatment; processing
prelucrare (pe calculator) a programelor prioritare (inf) foreground processing
prelucrare (reconstituire, clasificare, recunoatere i analiz) a imaginilor cu
ajutorul calculatorului (t sist, inf) image processing
prelucrare a datelor/ informaiilor (inf) data handling; data processing
prelucrare a datelor fr stocare/ memorare (inf) in-line data processing
prelucrare a datelor la distan (n cazul n care calculatorul i dispozitivele de
intrare-ieire sunt deprtate) (inf) remote data processing
prelucrare a informaiei (totalitate a operaiilor pe care le execut un sistem de
calcul) (inf) information processing
prelucrare a listelor; prelucrare cu liste (inf) list processing (LISP)
prelucrare automat a datelor (a informaiei ntr-un sistem de calcul sau a
semnalelor recepionate la destinaie); informatic (inf) automatic data
processing (ADP); datamation
prelucrare ciclic (inf, mat) cycling
prelucrare continu a cartelelor (inf) constant card processing
prelucrare cu ntreruperi (n reprize) a datelor (inf) off-line data processing
prelucrare cu o singur unitate central de calcul (inf) uniprocessing
prelucrare direct (n caden) a datelor (inf) on-line data processing
prelucrare integrat/ coordonat a datelor (inf) integrated data processing
prelucrare n arje (aut) batch processing
prelucrare paralel/ simultan (executare a unui singur proces cu ajutorul mai
multor procesoare) (inf) parallel processing
prelucrare pe loturi (prin supunerea serial a lucrrilor) (inf) batch processing
prelucrare raional a fiierului (inf) efficient file treatment
prelucrare simbolic (prelucrare a unor date care nu au caracter numeric) (inf)
symbolic processing
prelucrare simultan a mai multor programe (existena a dou sau mai multe
procesoare ntr-un calculator i posibilitatea sistemului de operare de a concretiza
avantajele existenei acestor procesoare) (inf) multiprocessing; concurrent
processing
prelucrtor de programe (inf) coder; encoder
prelungi (a) (an, e dif, geo) prolong

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prelungire (an) continuation; prolongation
prelungire analitic (an) analytic (al) completion/ continuation
premiz (mat) requisite
preprocesor (program de translatare a unui text-surs ntr-un alt text-surs) (inf)
pre-processor
preregla (a) (t g) preset
presa (a) (t g) force
preschimbare (inf) conversion
prescrie (a) (t sist, mat) assign
prescripii specifications
prescurtare shortening
prescurtat short
presiune orizontal (lateral) (mec) tangential thrust
prestabili (a) (t g) preset
presupune (a) (l mat) assume; suppose; presume; let
presupunere (l mat) conjecture; presumption; presupposition; supposition;
assumption
presupus (mat) allowable; supposed
prevzut estimated
prevzut cu semnul plus sau minus (alg) signed
prevzut cu structur (alg, geo) structured
prezen occurrence
prezentare sub form grafic a datelor culese (inf) computer graphics
prezuma (a) presume
prezumie presumption
prietenos (calitate a unui sistem de calcul destinat utilizatorilor neexperimentai)
(inf) user friendly
prim sumand (mat) augend
prima aproximaie (e dif, edp, an num) first approximation
prima formul a creterilor finite (an) Lagrange's theorem
prima propoziie a unui silogism (mat, l mat) antecedent
prima variaie (an) first variation
primar primary
primitiv (l mat) primal
primitiv (operaie elementar indivizibil i neinterferabil cu alte operaii de

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acelai gen) (inf) primitive
primitiv a unei funcii (an) primitive of a function
primul dintre cei doi termeni ai unui raport (mat, l mat) antecedent
primul intrat primul ieit (tehnic FIFO de manipulare a structurilor de date de
tip coad-list/ primul sosit- primul servit) (inf) first-in, first-out (FIFO)
primul limbaj de programare
orientat pe obiect (inf) SMALLTALK
primul sosit ultimul servit (disciplin n teoria ateptrii) (c op, t sist) first-inlast-out (FILO)
primul venit primul servit (disciplin/ metod de ordonare a cererilor dintr-un
ir de ateptare) (c op, t pr) first-come, first-served
principal (component a unui sistem care controleaz alte componente, numite
secundare sau auxiliare) (t sist, inf, l mat, mat, t g) master; principal; main; chief;
primal; leading; basic
principii (alg, l mat) basis (pl. bases); fundamentals
principiu (mat) law; principle
principiu al dualitii n plan (geo) duality principle in the plane
principiu al dualitii n spaiu (geo) duality principle in space
principiu cu ajutorul cruia se poate testa o propoziie (mat) criterion
(pl.criteria)
principiu de funcionare (t g) operating principle
principiu de invarian (mat) invariance principle
principiu de maximum (an) principle of the maximum; maximum principle
principiu variaional (edp, an) variation principle
principiul aciunii i reaciunii (mec) principle of action (and reaction)
principiul complementaritii (mat) complementarity principle
principiul dualitii (geo, e dif) duality principle; principle of duality
principiul echivalenei determinrii (metod de proiectare n care parametrii
nedeterminai ai procesului nu sunt luai n considerare) (t sist) certainty
equivalence principle
principiul ineriei (mec) principle of inertia
principiul lui dAlembert dAlemberts principle
principiul lui Hamilton (an, mec) Hamiltons principle
principiul maximului modulului (an) maximum modulus principle
principiul simetriei (an) symmetry principle

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principiul suprapunerii n mecanica cuantic (mec) superposition principle
quantum mechanics
principiul variaiei argumentului (an) argument principle
prism (geo) prism
prism oblic (geo) oblique prism
prism pentagonal (geo) penta prism
prism triunghiular (geo) triangular prism
prismatic (geo) prismatic (al)
prismatoid (geo) prismatoid; prismoid
prob (st, an num, inf, t g) test; proof; try; essay
proba (a) (st, an num, inf, t g) test; try; prove
probabil (t pr) probable
probabilistic (t pr) probabilistic
probabilitate (a unui fenomen ciclic) (st, t pr) theoretical frequency; expectation;
likelihood; odds; probability
probabilitate aposteriori/ bazat pe experien (t pr) posterior probability;
inverse probability
probabilitate apriori (t pr) prior probability
probabilitate ca un sistem de calcul s fie operaional (aut) availability
probabilitate condiionat (t pr) conditional probability
probabilitate de apariie (t pr) emergence probability
probabilitate de tranziie (t pr) stochastic transition function
probabilitate de trecere (t pr) transition probability
probabilitate de via (st) survival probability
probabilitate empiric (t pr) empiric probability
probabilitate total (t pr) composite probability
problema a treiala limite (edp) third boundary problem
problema controlului (problema construirii unui sistem numit controler al crui
scop este s foreze variabila comandat a procesului s se comporte ntr-un mod
prestabilit) (t sist) control problem
problema liniar ptratic (problem de control optimal cu ecuaia de stare liniar
i criteriul de performan ptratic) (t sist) linear quadratic problem
problema lui Cauchy (e dif, edp) Cauchy problem
problem problem; question
problem Cauchy (e dif, edp) initial value problem

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problem corect pus (edp) properly posed problem
problem cu condiii pe frontier (e dif; edp) boundary value problem
problem cu condiii/ valori iniiale (e dif, edp) initial value problem
problem de valori proprii (problem n care se cere determinarea valorilor
proprii) (e dif, edp) eigenvalue problem
problem izoperimetric (an) isoperimetric problem
problem la limite (e dif; edp) boundary value problem
problem la limite corect pus (edp) well posed limit problem
problem la limite mixt (a treia problem la limite) (edp) mixed boundaryvalue problem
problem liniar ptratic cu salturi markoviene (problem de control optimal cu
ecuaia de stare liniar i criteriul de performan ptratic n care toate matricele
sunt funcii de strile unui lan Markov) (t sist) jump linear quadratic problem
problem mixt (edp) mixed problem
problem variaional (an) variational problem
probleme de decizie n prezena mai multor ipoteze (mat) multidecision
problems
procedeu (t sist, t g, mat, t g) process; mode; device; procedure
procedeul Gram-Schmidt (an, alg) Gram-Schmidt process
procedura Rayleigh-Ritz (de rezolvare a ecuaiilor funcionale) (an) RayleighRitz procedure
procedur (ansamblu de instruciuni care realizeaz o anumit funcie) (inf)
routine; procedure
procedur de tip funcie (inf) subprogram (me) function
procedur declanat automat la apariia unei condiii prestabilite (inf) trigger
procent (arit) rate of interest
proces (tehnologic/ de fabricaie) (t sist, t g) process
proces aleatoriu (st) random process
proces autoregresiv (proces stocastic discret generat prin trecerea unui zgomot alb
printr-un filtru numeric) (aut, t sist) autoregressive (AR) process
proces cu timp discret (t pr) discrete time process
proces de rennoire (t pr, c op) birth and death process
proces de scriere (inf) writing action
proces deterministic pe poriuni (t sist) piecewise deterministic process (PDP)
proces iterat/ repetitiv (t sist) repetitive process

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proces Markov (t pr) Markovian process; Markov/ Markoff process
proces matematic (mat) computing calcul
proces staionar (t pr) stationary process; stable process
proces stocastic (t pr, st) stochastic process; random process
proces stocastic staionar (t pr) stationary stochastic process
proces tehnologic (t g) operating process; procedure
procesare de texte (creare i editare de texte; realizare de cri, articole, scrisori etc.
cu ajutorul calculatorului) (inf) word processing (WP)
procesare homomorf a semnalelor (procesarea semnalelor unui model neaditiv
prin transformarea lui ntr-un model aditiv) (t sist) homomorphic signal
processing
procesare multipl a semnalelor (cu pai de discretizare diferii) (t sist, aut)
multirate signal processing
procesor (parte a unui calculator care execut instruciuni, formeaz i citete
adrese) (inf) processor
procesor de control al fiierului (inf) file control processor (FCP)
procesor de intrare-ieire (specializat n transferarea datelor ntre echipamentele
periferice i memoria central) (inf) input-output processor
procesor de texte (inf) word processor
procesor paralel (care poate prelucra simultan toi biii unui cuvnt) (inf)
parallel processor
procesor paralel de n bii (inf) bit n parallel processor
procesor pentru implementarea translatoarelor limbajelor de programare (inf)
system program (me) generator (SPG)
procesor serial (calculator n care datele sunt prelucrate secvenial) (inf) serial
processor
procesor specializat n compilri prin incrementare (inf) incremental compiler
procesor specializat pentru translatarea programelor surs n programe obiect
(inf) compiler
procesor specializat pentru translatri (inf) translator
productor (al unui program) care construiete mesaje (inf) producer
productor/ formator numeric de valori medii (st, inf) digital averager
produce (a) (t g) induce; produce
producie (t g) production; output
productivitate (t g) efficiency; output

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produs (mat, an) composition; product
produs Boole/ logic (l mat) logic product
produs canonic (an) canonical product
produs cartezian/ direct/ topologic (mat) cartesian product
produs contractat a doi tensori (an, geo) inner product
produs exterior (an, geo) outer product
produs interior (an, geo) inner product
produs liber redus (top) reduced join
produs logic (inf) intersection
produs mixt (a trei vectori) (an) parallelepipedal product; scalar triple product;
mixed product
produs nilpotent (alg) nilpotent product
produs program (program privit ca rezultat al unei activiti sistematice de
programare) (inf) software product
produs rezidual (alg) deleted product
produs scalar (a doi vectori) (an, mat, alg, geo) scalar multiplication; scalar
product; dot product; inner product; direct product (of two vectors)
produs tensorial (alg, geo) tensor product; composition of tensors
produs topologic (top) topological product
produs vectorial (a doi vectori) (geo, an) vector product; cross product
produs Whytney (an) cap product
produsul mixt a trei vectori (an, geo) triple product of three vectors; triple scalar
product
produsul scalar/ interior a doi vectori (geo) inner product of two vectors
proeminen (t g) bulge
profil (geo) profile
program (algoritm exprimat ntr-un limbaj de programare; set de instruciuni
compuse pentru rezolvarea unei probleme) (inf) program (me)
program al calculatorului/ mainii (inf) machine routine
program al utilizatorului (program furnizat de beneficiar) (inf) user program
(me)
program aparinnd unui sistem de programare (inf) software program (me)
program ciclic simplu (cu ciclu unic) (inf) single-cycle program (me)
program codificat n mod optim/ cu cel mai bun timp (inf) optimally coded
program (me)

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program complet testat/ definitiv (inf) fully-tested program (me)
program cu lansare automat (inf) self-triggered program (me)
program de baz al sistemului (program care reprezint o parte a sistemului de
operare a unui calculator avnd rolul de a coordona operarea circuitelor
sistemului) (inf) system program (me)
program de calcul elaborat de firma Visicorp pentru calculatoarele APPLE (inf)
VISICALC
program de canal (iniiat de unitatea central de prelucrare) (inf) channel
program (me)
program (scris ntr-un limbaj) de comand/ de gestiune/ de control (pentru
precizarea funciilor oferite de programul de sistem) (inf) control program (me)
program de comand a intrrii (inf) input control program (me)
program de compilare (inf) compiler
program de configurare/ generator de sisteme de operare (inf) configuration
program (me)
program de conversie de suport (inf) media conversion program (me)
program de conversie/ de traducere/ de transformare (inf) conversion/
converter routine/ program (me)
program de editare (inf) editor
program de ieire (pentru transcrierea datelor la un dispozitiv de ieire) (inf)
output program (me)
program de ncrcare (inf) loading routine
program de ncrcare a cartelelor (inf) card loader
program de ncrcare iniial (a unui sistem de calcul) (inf) initial program (me)
loader
program de nregistrare condensat a datelor (inf) compressor program (me)
program de prelucrare ulterioar/ deadaptare/ postprocesor (care transform
datele de ieire ntr-un program de lucru efectiv) (inf) postprocessor program
(me)
program de prim plan/ prioritar (inf) foreground program (me)
program de regrupare a programelor utilitare (inf) basic programming support
(BPS)
program de repartizare preliminar a memoriei (inf) housekeeping
program de serviciu (pus la dispoziia beneficiarilor) (inf) utility program (me)
program de simulare (program care descrie comportarea n timp a obiectului

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simulate) (inf) simulation program (me)
program de traducere (inf) program (me) assembly
program de traducere dintr-un limbaj n altul (inf) compiler
program de traducere pentru limbajele simbolice (inf) compiler
program de trasare (depistare, analiz, control) a (l) unui alt program (inf) trace
program (me)
program de vidare a suporturilor (de informaii) (inf) support dumping
program (me)
program direct executabil de calculator (inf) machine executable program (me)
program general (inf) general program (me)
program generator (inf) generating program (me); generator program (me);
generator
program intern (al unui calculator) (inf) computer routine
program jalonat cu puncte de reluare (inf) checkpointed program (me)
program logic al unei probleme (mat) flow chart; flow-process chart
program (de) main (inf) routine
program multisarcin cu un mediu graphical user interface care ruleaz pe
microcalculatoarele bazate pe sistemul de operare DOS (inf) WINDOWS
program nedeterminist (a crui comportare n timp nu poate fi precizat) (inf)
nondeterministic program (me)
program obiect (rezultat n urma translatrii unui alt program) (inf) object
program (me); target program (me)
program optimal (cu timp de acces minim) (inf) minimum access routine
program organizatoric/ director (inf) executive program (me)
program parial (inf) subprogram (me); subroutine
program pentru depistarea erorilor (inf) check localization program (me)
program principal al calculatorului (inf) computer master program (me)
program principal/ de comand/ de organizare/ monitor (inf) monitor routine
programrtcitor (inf) errant program (me)
program (exprimat n format) relocabil (inf) relocatable program (me)
program structurat (elaborat conform normelor programrii structurate) (inf)
structured program (me)
program supervizor/ de control (inf) monitor checking routine
program surs (program scris ntr-un limbaj de origine) (inf) source program
(me)

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program tradus de compilator (inf) object program (me)
program transcris/ imprimat (pentru control) (inf) written-out program (me)
program utilitar (pus la dispoziia beneficiarilor) (inf) utility program (me)
program utilitar de gestiune a programelor sistemului (inf) basic operating
system (BOS)
program (analitic) syllabus (pl. syllabuses; syllabi)
programa (a) (t g) program (me)
programare (inf) coding process; program (m)ing
programare a sistemului (inf) system program (m)ing
programare automat (inf) automatic programming; self-programming
programare cu tablou de comutatoare (inf) switchboard programming
programare de instruciuni fr bucl (inf) straight-line coding
programare de sus n jos (metodologie de elaborare a unui program modular
structurat ierarhic) (inf) top-down program (m)ing
programare dinamic (c op) dynamic programming
programare disciplinat (organizat dup anumite criterii, pentru obinerea unor
programe de calitate superioar) (inf) disciplined programming
programare extern/ strin de funcionare (inf) closed shop
programare general (inf) system program (m)ing
programare n condiii vagi (inf) fuzzy programming
programare n limbaj surs (inf) symbolic programming
programare n numere ntregi (c op) integer programming
programare liniar (c op) linear programming
programare liniar stocastic
(c op) stochastic linear programming
programare matematic (c op) mathematical programming
programare modular (descompunere a programului n module intercorelate) (inf)
modular programming
programare multipl (inf) multiprogramming
programare neliniar (inf) non-linear programming
programare numeric (orientat spre rezolvarea unor probleme n care datele au
caracter numeric) (inf) numerical programming
programare optim (inf) minimum-latency programming
programare optim cu timp de acces minim (inf) minimum access
programming

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programare orientat pe obiecte (inf) object oriented program (m)ing (OOP)
programare ptratic (n care funcia obiectiv reprezint suma unei funcionale
liniare i a unei forme ptratice) (c op) quadratic program (m)ing; square
programming
programare prin simpatie (inf) sympathetic programming
programare recursiv/ recurent (inf) recursive program (m)ing
programare simbolic (inf) symbolic programming
programare sistematic/ structurat (elaborare a unui program prin divizare n
module independente organizate ntr-o structur ierarhic) (inf) structured/
systematic programming
programare stocastic (c op) stochastic programming
programare vizual (programare grafic ale crei efecte sunt vizibile pentru
programator) (inf) visual program (m)ing
programator (persoan care desfoar o activitate de programare) (inf)
program (m)er; coder
program-main (inf) computer program (me)
programotec (ansamblu de rutine standard testate) (inf) routine library;
subroutine library, program (me) library
progresie (alg) progression; row
progresie a unui contor (aut, tele) cycle count
progresie aritmetico-geometric (an) arithmetic-geometric progression
progresie geometric (alg) geometric progression
proiect (t g, t sist) pattern; model; draft; outline; design
proiect logic (aut) logical design
proiecta (a) (t g) design; draw-up
proiecta (a se) (mat) project
proiectare (geo) projection
proiectare a programelor (inf) software design
proiectare de controleri robuti (clas de proceduri de proiectare a unui sistem de
comand robust) (t sist) robust controller design
proiectare de sistem (proiectare de principiu a unui system) (inf) system design
proiectare H (metod de proiectare a unui controler robust utiliznd spaiul
Hardy H) (t sist) H infinity (H) design
proiectare logic (inf) logical design
proiectare pe dou plane (Monge) (geo) two-plane projection

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proiectat estimated
proiecie (alg, geo, inf, aut, mat, an) trace; spur; component of a vector; trace;
projection; view
proiecie oblic (geo) oblique projection
proiecie orizontal (geo, t g) top view; plan
proiecie ortogonal (geo) orthogonal projection
proiecie stereografic (an) stereographic projection
proiecie vertical (geo) vertical projection; front view
proiectiv (geo) projective
proiectivitate (geo) projectivity
prompt (t g, t sist) undelayed
prompter (transmitor de mesaje ale sistemului de operare ctre operator) (inf)
prompter
propaga (a se) propagate
propagare propagation
proporie (arit) proportion
proporie (el) degree
proporional (arit, l mat) proportional; logistic
proporional (la regulatoarele P) (aut) direct
propoziie (demonstrat) (mat) fact
propoziie (l mat, mat, inf) sentence; assertion; statement; proposition
propoziie fundamental principle
proprietate property
proprietate de a fi nedemonstrabil (l mat) unprovability
proprietate la frontier (mat) frontier property
proprietatea (unei mulimi) de a fi dens (an) denseness
proprietatea de a avea mai multe unghiuri (geo) polyangularity
proprietatea de a nu fi conex (an, geo) unconnectedness
proprieti absolute (intrinseci) (geo) intrinsic properties
propriu (l mat, mat) true; proper
protecie a memoriei (dispozitiv care mpiedic accesul n anumite zone ale
memoriei) (inf) memory guard/ protect
protocol care permite conectarea n reea a mai multor tipuri i generaii de
calculatoare (inf) system network architecture (SNA)
provizoriu temporary

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provoca (a) (el) induce
pseudo operaie (instruciune compus din caractere aranjate ntr-o form
simbolic) (inf) pseudoinstruction
pseudoadres (inf) symbolic address
pseudoanalitic (an) pseudoanalytic
pseudoarmonic (an) pseudoharmonic
pseudocod (cod n care instruciunile sunt scrise prin reprezentri simbolice/
abstracte) (inf) pseudocode; conditional code
pseudoconform (geo) pseudoconformal
pseudodiferenial (edp) pseudodifferential
pseudoeliptic (an) pseudoelliptic
pseudoeuclidian (geo) pseudoeuclidean
pseudoinstruciune (instruciune compus din caractere aranjate ntr-o form
simbolic) (inf) pseudoinstruction
pseudometric (geo, an) pseudometric; pseudovaluation; semimetric; almostmetric
pseudonorm (an) pseudonorm
pseudosfer (geo) pseudosphere
pseudosferic (geo) pseudospherical
pseudosimetric (t graf, geo) pseudosymmetric
pseudovarietate (alg, geo) circuit; pseudomanifold
pulsaie (mec, t g) angular frequency; pulsation; pulsatance; beat
pulveriza (a) jet
punct (adres de reluare a derulrii unui program) (inf, an) restart point; dot;
separatrix; point; spot
punctaderent (top) adherent point
punct asimptotic (geo) asymptotic point
punct central (mat, geo) centre; center; central point; throat
punct ciclic (geo) circular point
punct critic (t g) change point
punct critic/ staionar al unei curbe (an, e dif) critical point
punct culminant (mat, t g) vertex (pl. vertices/ vertexes)
punct cuspidal (n radiolocaie) (tele) cusp
punct de acumulare/ limit (an) point of accumulation; accumulation point/
cluster; limiting point; limit point

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punct de aplicaie/ de atac (mec) point of application
punct de contact (pentru o familie de curbe) (geo) tacpoint; tangential point;
tangent point
punct de contur (mat) marginal point
punct de discontinuitate (an) discontinuity point; point of discontinuity
punct de echilibru (t sist) state point
punct de extrem (an, e dif) critical point
punct de extrem al unei curbe plane (an) bend point; bending point
punct de extrem local (an, st, e dif) turning point
punct de fug (geo) vanishing point
punct de inflexiune (an) inflexion (al) point; flex point
punct de intersecie (mat, an, alg, geo, inf) intersection point; point of
intersection; cross point; trace; spur
punct de inversiune (an) inversion point
punct de nlnuire (mat) interlinking point
punct de ntoarcere (adres de reluare a derulrii unui program dup executarea
unui subprogram) (inf, an, geo) reentry point; reversal point; cusp point;
bending-back point; spinode
punct de ntoarcere de prima spe (an, geo) simple cusp
punct de ntoarcere de spea a doua (geo) cusp of second kind; rhamphoid cusp
punct de jonciune/ de interconectare a fazelor (el) interlinking point
punct de la infinit (geo) ideal point; point at infinity
punct de minim (an) minimum point
punct de oprire/ de ncetinire (a unui proces) (t g) change point
punct de origine al unui sistem de coordonate (mat) datum
punct de ramificare (an, st, e dif) branch point; point of ramification;
ramification point; turning point
punctde ramificare algebric (an) algebraic branch point
punct de referin (mat, inf) reference (re., ref.); origin; datum
punct de reluare/ de verificare a unui program (inf) checkpoint
punct de reper (t g) datum point; reference point
punct de repetiie/ de control (inf, aut) roll back; roll-back point
punct de strpungere (mec) piercing point
punct de striciune (la suprafee riglate) (geo) central point
punct de tangen (de contact) (geo) touching point; tangential point; tangent

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point; point of contact/ osculation/ tangency
punct de unitate (geo) unit point
punct dublu (geo) crunode; double point
punct extrem/ final extremity
punct fix (an) fixed point; stated point; steady point
punct frontier (an) limiting point; limit point; boundary point
punct generic (alg, geo) generic point
punct hiperbolic (geo) hyperbolic point
punct impropriu/ de la infinit (an, geo) point at infinity; ideal point; imaginary
point
punct n spaiu (punct spaial) (geo, an) space point
punct iniial (mat) initial point
punct interior (top, an) inner point; interior point
punct invariant (mat) invariant point
punctizolat (al unei curbe) (geo) acnode; isolated point
punct la distan infinit (an) infinity
punct limit (mat) limit point; limiting point; marginal point
punct material (mec) material point; single mass point
punct median (el) centre point
punct multiplu (geo) multiple point
punct multiplu al unei curbe (geo) multiple point of a curve
punct neesenial (mat) lateral point
punct nodal nodal point
punct ombilical (geo) umbilical point; umbilic; umbilic point
punct ordinar al unei curbe (geo) simple point of a curve
punct parabolic/ reglabil (geo) parabolic point
punct regulat/ ordinar (an, geo) regular point
punct a (geo, t pr, an) minimax
punct singular (an, e dif) critical point
punct singular (an, e dif, geo) singular point; singularity
punct singular izolat (an) isolated singular point; insulated singularity
punct singular regulat (e dif) regular singular point
punct staionar (geo) stationary point (of a curve)
punct tacnodal (geo) tacnode
punct triplu (geo) triple point

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punct unghiular/ de rebrusment (an, geo) kink; knee; bend; corner point;
angular point
punct unghiular al unei curbe (an) salient point of a curve
punct zero/ nul zero point
punct/ valoare reglabil ()/ ajustabil () (aut) adjustable point
puncta (a) (inf, mat) tally
punctat (an, geo, e dif) broken
puncte cardinale cardinal points
puncte coliniare (geo) collinear points
puncte conciclice (care se afl pe un acelai cerc) (geo) concyclic points
punctiform punctiform
punctual pointwise
punctul de la infinit (an, geo) infinite point
pune (a) n micare (t g) actuate
pune (a) n coresponden (t sist, mat) assign; associate
pune (a) n ecuaie (alg) set (-)up
pune (a) n ordine (aut) regulate
pune (a) ntre acolade (mat) brace
pune (a) la zero zero (pl.zeroes/ zeros)
punere n ecuaie (alg, mat) set (-)up; equalization
punere n micare (t sist, aut) actuation
punere la pmnt (el) earthen electric contact
punere la punct (t g) adjustment
punte a unui graf (inf) bridge
pupitru (de comand) (prin care un operator comunic direct cu un sistem de
calcul) (el, inf) console
pupitru (pentru operaii) de verificare (t g) calibration console
purta (a) (inf) carry
purttoare de date (inf) carrier
purttor (t g) carrier
putere (a mulimii) (t mul, alg, mat) cardinality/ cardinal number; manyess
putere (mat) power; grade
putere (t g) capacity; output
putere a memoriei (raport ntre vitezele de acces ale diferitelor zone de memorie)
(inf) memory power

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putere biptrat (alg) fourth power
putere consumat (furnizat) (mec) input
putere de acionare/ de antrenare/ de excitaie (aut, el) driving power
putere generalizat (alg) factorial function
putere nominal la ieire (el) nominal output
puterea a doua (alg, geo) square; quadrate
puterea a treia (geo, alg) cube
puterea a treia a lui (alg) third power of
puterea unei mulimi (an) power of a set

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rabatere (geo) rabattement; turning down
racord (el) connector
racord intermediar (aut, t g) adapter
racorda (a) (el) wire
racordare (mat) compression; conjugation
rdcin (a unui numr) (arit, alg) radix (pl. radices; radixes); root
rdcin a unei ecuaii (alg) root of an equation; solution of an equation
rdcin a unui polinom (alg) zero of a polynomial
rdcin complex (alg) complex root
rdcin cubic (alg) cube root
rdcin multipl (alg) multiple root; repeated root
rdcin ptrat (alg) square root
rdcin simpl (alg) simple root; single root
rdcin tripl (alg) triple root
radial radial
radian (geo) radian
radiani (msur n) (geo) circular measure
radical (alg) radical
radical al unui ideal (alg) radical of an ideal
radicand (numrul de sub radical) radicand
rafina (a) refine
rafinare (top) refinement
ram (t g) enclosure
ram/ panou de contoare/ de selectoare (el) bay of registers/ selectors
ramifica (a se) (an, t graf) ramify
ramificare (inf) fork
ramificat (alg, geo, mat,t g) ramified; branched; branch
ramificaie (el, t g, an, alg, t graf) by-pass; bend; branch; distribution;
ramification
ramur (mat, t graf) branch
ramur a unei curbe (mat) branchof a curve
ramur de cunotine branch of knowledge
rnd (el, inf, tele, mat) range; line
randament (t g) efficiency; efficiency of utilization; output
rang (alg, geo, mat) rank; degree; grade

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rangul unei matrice (alg) grade of a matrix
rapel (t sist) return
rapid (t g) fast
rapiditate (mat, mec) speed
rapiditatea convergenei (an) rapidity of convergence
raport (alg) rate; record (rec.); relation; relationship; respect; ratio
raport anarmonic (an) cross ratio; anharmonic ratio; double ratio
raport armonic (geo) harmonic ratio
raport de asemnare (geo) ratio of similitude; similarity ratio
raport de deviaie (la modulaia n frecven) (tele, el) deviation ratio
raport de transferal imaginii (t sist, tele) image-transfer constant
raport ntre distanele centru-focar i centru-vrf la o conic/ excentricitate (geo)
eccentricity
raport nominal de reacie (la amplificatoare magnetice) (aut, el) nominal
feedback ratio
rateu (mec) back-kick
raia unei progresii aritmetice (alg) ratio of an arithmetic progression; common
difference
raia unei progresii geometrice (alg) ratio of a geometric progression
raie (la serii i la progresii geometrice) (alg) common ratio; ratio
raiona (a) reason
raionaliza (a) (alg) rationalize
raionalizare (alg) rationalization
raionament (l mat, mat) reasoning; argument
raionament greit (l mat) fallacy
raiune reason
raza cercului circumscris (geo) circumradius
raza cercului circumscris unui poligon regulat (geo) long radius of a regular
polygon
raza unui cerc (geo) radius of a circle
raz (geo, an) radius (pl. radii); ray; semi-diameter; half-line
raz a cercului nscris (geo) inradius
raz a cercurilor exnscrise (geo) exradius
raz de aciune (el, inf, tele) range
raz de convergen (an) radius of convergence

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raz de curbur (geo) radius of curvature
raz de curbur n planul orizontal (geo) radius of horizontal curve
raz de torsiune (geo) radius of torsion
raz/ dreaptproiectant (geo) projecting ray
raz spectral (t sist, alg) spectral radius
raz vectoare (an, geo) position vector; radius vector (pl. radii vectores; radius
vectors); focal radius
rspuns (aut, inf) response
rspuns armonic/ de frecven (el, tele, t sist) frequency response
rspuns de amplitudine (mrimea rspunsului stabil al unui sistem liniar la
intrare sinusoidal de amplitudine egal cu unitatea) (t sist, aut) amplitude
response
rspuns de salt (t sist) weight (ing) function
rspuns forat (rspunsul sistemului dinamic determinat de comand i de starea
iniial nul) (t sist) zero state response (ZSR); forced response
rspuns indicial (t sist) unit step response
rspuns la impuls infinit (t sist) infinite impulse response (IIR)
rspuns la impuls multidimensional (t sist, aut) point spread function (PSF)
rspuns liber (rspunsul sistemului dinamic la funcia de intrare identic nul) (t
sist) zero input response (ZIR); unforced response
rspuns tranzitoriu (tele) step response
rspuns/ caracteristic a (l) unui filtru (t g) filter response
rspuns/ comportare optim () (a unui circuit de reglare) (t sist, aut) optimum
response
rspuns/ reacie forat () de un impuls (t sist, aut) impulse-forced response
rspunsul general (al unui sistem) (t sist) general response
rspunsul n timp (ieirea y(t ) , t t 0 a sistemului, determinat de comanda u (t ) i
de starea iniial x 0 ) (t sist) time response
rsturna (a) (mat) invert
rsucire (t g) distortion
ru echilibrat (t g) ill-balanced
reacoperi (a) (a modifica ncrcarea unui segment de program ntr-o memorie) (inf)
overlay
reactan capacitiv (el) capacity reactance

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reacie (t sist, aut, mec, inf) retroaction; reaction; feedback; back-coupling;
response
reacie de echilibru/ reversibil (t g) balanced reaction
reacie degenerativ/ negativ (t sist, aut) degenerative feedback
reacie dup stare (t sist) state feedback
reacie elastic (neproporional) (aut, t sist) variable (elastic) feedback
reacie exterioar negativ (ntr-un circuit de reglare) (t sist, aut) outer feedback
reacie intern. (aut, t sist) inherent feed-back
reacie invers (t sist) inverse feedback
reacie ntreinut (el) sustained reaction
reacie n trepte (inf) step response
reacie negativ (t sist, aut) negative reaction; negative feedback (NFB)
reacie negativ de curent (aut, el) negative current feedback
reacie pentru corectarea (erorii) informaiei (inf) information feedback
reacie pozitiv (t sist, aut) positive feedback/ regeneration; feedforward
reacie pozitiv de compensare (t sist) compensating feedforward
reacie pozitiv de corecie (t sist, aut) correcting feedforward
reacie prin impedan (aut, el) impedance feedback
reacie principal (t sist) major feedback
reacie reversibil/ de recombinare (t g) back reaction
reacie rigid/ proporional (t sist, aut) proportional feedback
reacie unghiular/ de faz (aut) angle feedback
reaciune (t g) back stroke; backward push
readuce (a) la zero (aut) initialize
readucere la zero (aut) reset; resetting
reajusta (a) (t sist) readjust
reajustare (aut) reset
real (mat) proper; real (R); effective
real strict pozitiv (o matriceraional proprie G (s) cu coeficieni reali este real
strict pozitiv dac Re G(s) 0 pentru Re s 0 ) (t sist) strictly positive real (SPR)
realiza (a) (t g) perform; carry through
realizare (o realizare a unei matrice raionale proprii T (s) este un sistem =
(A,B,C,D) astfel nct T (s)=C (sI-A)-1B+D) (t sist) realization
realizare minimal a sistemelor liniare staionare (pentru un sistem descris de

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matricea de transfer T (s) , o realizare minimal este un ansamblu de matrice
(A,B,C,D) cu A de ordin minim astfel nct T (s) C (sI A) 1 B D ; o realizare este
minimal dac i numai dac este complet controlabil i complet observabil) (t
sist) minimal realization for linear time-invariant systems
reanclanare (tele) resetting
rearanja (a) (alg) rearrange
rearanjare (alg, an) rearrangement
rearmare (aut, inf) resetting
reazem (mec) bearing
rebutare/ respingere a unei instruciuni (inf) command reject
recapitula (a) summarize
receptor/ emitor asincron (tele) universal asynchronous receiver/ transmiter
(UART)
receptor-traductor cu imprimare direct (tele) direct printer
recipient (t g) bin
reciproc (alg, mat) reciprocal; converse; inverse
reciprocitate (alg) reciprocity
reclanare instantanee (aut) instantaneous reset
recompactare (obinere a unei singure zone libere n memoria intern) (inf)
compacting
recondiionare (t g) restoration
reconfigurare (schimbare a metodei de folosire a componentelor unui sistem de
calcul) (inf) reconfiguration
reconstructibilitate global a sistemelor 2-D (posibilitatea determinrii
semistrilor globale ale sistemului 2-D utiliznd intrrile i ieirile trecute) (t sist)
global reconstructibility of 2-D systems
reconstrucie (t g) change over
rectangular (alg, geo) square; oblong; right-angled; rectangular
rectangularitate (geo) rectangularity
rectifica (a) (o curb) (mat) rectify
rectificabil (geo, an) rectifiable
rectificabilitate (geo, an) rectifiability
rectificant (geo, an) rectifying
rectificare (geo, an, mat, inf, t g, t sist) rectification; correction; adjustment;
readjustment

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rectiliniaritate (geo) rectilinearity; straightness
rectiliniu (alg, geo) rectilinear; rectilineal; straightlined; straight; straight-line;
straight-sided
recul (t g) back stroke; backward push
recunoatere a caracterelor (transformare a caracterelor alfanumerice n informaii
prelucrabile direct n echipamente de calcul) (inf) character recognition
recunoatere a formelor (inf) pattern recognition
recunoaterea imaginilor (identificarea i interpretarea obiectelor unei imagini)
(inf) image recognition
recupera (a) (t g) retrieve
recuperare (aut, t sist) recovery; regeneration
recurent (an) recurrent; recurring
recuren (an, mat) recurrence; recurring; recursion
recursivitate (proprietate a unei entiti de a putea fi prelucrat) (inf) recursion
redactare (a unui program) (inf) writing up
redactare a unor documente formalizing
redactare/ preparare a informaiilor (inf) editing
redresa (a) (un curent alternativ) (el, tele) rectify; detect
redresare (el) rectifying
redresor (el) valve
reduce (a) (t g) diminish; shorten; reduce
reduce (a) (termenii asemenea) (inf) cancel
reduce (a) gradul/ ordinul/ dimensiunile (mat) deflate
reduce (a) la minimum (an) minify
reduce (a) la scar (geo) scale down
reducere (a unei fracii ordinare) (mat, mec) reduction
reducere (mat, t g, el, aut) decrease; cancellation; narrowing; shortening;
attenuation
reducere a volumului unui fiier (prin reducerea informaiilor redundante) (inf)
file compression
reducerea termenilor asemenea (alg) collecting like terms
reductibil (alg, geo) reducible
reductibilitate (alg) reducibility
reductor/ regulator de presiune (t g) expansion valve
redundant (t g) redundant

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redundan (inf) redundance; redundancy
redus short
reentran (proprietate a unui modul de program de a fi ntrerupt i apoi reluat)
(inf) reentrancy
reface (a) restore
referin (metod de adresare a unei informaii cu ajutorul unui simbol/ unei
adrese) (inf) reference (re., ref.)
referin fictiv (inf) dummy tag
referitor la un cadran/ la un sfert de cerc (geo) quadrantal
reflexiv reflexive
reflexivitate (mat) reflexivity
regsire (de informaii memorate) (inf) retrieval
regenerare (aut, t sist) recovery; regeneration
regim (condiii) de prelucrare/ de exploatare (aut) working
regim de lucru (t g) duty; running
regim de ralanti (aut) idling
regim nestaionar (t sist, t g) non-steady state
regim staionar (permanent) (t g) stationary regime
regim tranzitoriu (aut, t sist, el, e dif, mec) insertion process; transient; transient
state
registre generale (localizate n memoria central) (inf) general registers
registru (inf, t sist, tele) register; record (rec.)
registru al multiplicatorului (contor de rotaii al unei maini de calculate) (t sist,
inf) multiplier register
registru (de control) al succesiunii instruciunilor (inf) sequence control
register
registru cu ciclu rapid (inf) fast register
registru de adres a memoriei (registru care conine adresa cuvntului cutat) (inf)
memory address register
registru de baz (al unui sistem de calcul) (inf) main file; main record
registru de blocaj al memoriei (registru coninnd anumite adrese dintr-o zon a
memoriei la care programul nu are acces) (inf) memory lockoutregister
registru de cutare n memorie (inf) memory search register
registru de date al memoriei (inf) memory data register (MDR)
registru de deplasare a poziiilor binare (inf) binary shift register

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registru de deplasare/ de ieire (al unui calculator) (inf) output shift register
registru de indexare (inf) index accumulator
registru de memorie (inf) memory register; storage register
registru fracionabil (inf) split register
registru intermediar (inf) incident register
registru tampon de intrare. (inf) input buffer
registru/ memorie de program (inf) program (me) register
registru-index/ de baz/ de adrese/ de relocare (inf) base register
regla (a) (t sist, aut, t g) adjust; regulate; calibrate; fix
reglabil (t sist, aut) controlled
reglaj (t sist, aut) governing
reglaj (n circuit nchis) (t sist, aut, t g) closed-loop control; control
reglaj al amplificrii (aut, t sist) adjustment of (repeater) gain
reglaj/ comand a (l) amplificrii (aut, t sist) gain control
reglaj/ comand electronic () (tele) electronic control
reglaj cu mai multe viteze (aut, t sist) multispeed control
reglaj de urmrire (t sist, aut) differential control
reglaj diferenial (aut) incremental control
reglaj exact asimptotic (t sist) asymptotic tracking
reglaj grupat (aut, t sist) group (ed) control/ operation
reglaj iniial/ la zero (aut, tele) initial adjustment
reglaj local (aut, t sist) local control
reglaj prin urmrire (aut) dependent control
reglaj/ reglare/ control/ manevr/ comand de la distan (t sist, aut, tele)
remote control (r.c., REMCON)
reglare (t sist, aut, t g) regulation; timing; adjustment; adjusting control;
controlling; readjustment; regulating
reglare a cuplajului cu constant mic de timp (el, aut) suppression control
reglare a impulsului (aut) impulse control
reglare a ntrzierii/ a temporizrii (t sist, aut) delay control
reglare a punctului de zero (t g) zero adjustment/ balancing
reglare a unui proces tehnologic (aut) set (-)up
reglare autoadaptiv (t sist, aut) auto-adaptive control
reglare automat (sistem de) cu interaciune/ cu mai multe variabile (t sist)
interaction automatic control system

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reglare automat a fazei (aut) automatic phase control (APC)
reglare automat cu ntrziere a amplificrii (t sist) delayed automatic gain
control (AGC)
reglare automat cu program (aut, inf) automatic program (me) control
reglare automat rapid a nivelului (t sist, aut) instantaneous automatic gain
control
reglare/ comandautomat (aut, t sist) automatic control
reglare combinat compus (aut, t sist) coupled control element combination
reglare/ control a (l) punctului zero (aut) zero check/ control
reglare/ control/ comand automat () de la distan (aut) automatic remote
control
reglare cu aciune diferenial/ anticipativ (t sist) rate-action control
reglare cu aciune integral (aut) reset control
reglare cu aciune proporional-integral-diferenial (PID) (t sist) derivativeproportional-integral control
reglare cu dou puncte/ tot sau nimic (comand constant pe poriuni optimal
sau suboptimal ale crei valori sunt definite de limite impuse componentelor
comenzilor) (aut, t sist) bang-bang control
reglare cu eantionare (t sist, aut) sampling action
reglare D (t sist) rate-action control
reglare de timp minimal (t sist) minimal time control
reglare diferenial n cascad (aut, t sist) differential concatenation control
reglare dinamic (t sist, aut, el) dynamic range control; kinetic-control system
reglare discontinu (aut, t sist) intermittent control
reglare electric (el, aut) electric control
reglare fin/ de precizie (aut) fine control
reglare flotant (aut) reset control
reglare inerent (aut, t sist) inherent regulation
reglare n stare de funcionare (t sist, aut) steady-state regulation
reglare n timp (orar) (aut, t sist) time (timed) control
reglare n trepte (pas cu pas) (t sist, aut) stepped control, step (ping) control
reglare n trepte multiple (t sist) multistep control
reglare nainte/ n bucl deschis (t sist, aut) feedforward
reglare ntrziat automat a amplificrii (aut) biased automatic gain-control
reglare la distan (tele, aut) teleadjusting

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reglare la valoare limit (de prag) (aut, t sist) threshold control
reglare manual (aut, t g) hand governing
reglare multipl (t sist, aut) multielement control
reglare numeric cu mai muli parametri (t sist) multiloop digital control
reglare optim (t sist) optimal setting
reglare pe zero (aut) zero check/ control
reglare periodic (t sist, aut) sampling action
reglare printot sau nimic (t sist, aut) constant speed unloading
reglare prin derivata a doua (t sist) second derivative control
reglare prin integrare (aut) integral control
reglare prin tot sau puin/ prin maxim i minim/ cu dou nivele (aut) high-low
action/ control
reglare prin variaia continu a rezistenei componentelor electronice (el, aut)
electronic power resistance control
reglare progresiv/ prin impulsuri (aut) jogging control
reglare supracritic (aut) above-critical control
reglare tot sau nimic/ nchis-deschis/ n dou puncte (el, aut) on-off action;
open and shut action
reglare uniform (aut, t sist) smooth regulation
reglat (t sist, aut) controlled
regresie (st) regression
regresie cu argument ntrziat (t pr) lag regression
regrupa (a) (alg) rearrange
regrupare (alg, an) rearrangement
regul (t g) rule
regul de calcul direct al derivatei (an) four-step rule
regul de comand (mecanism decizional de specificare on-line a valorilor
intrrilor) (t sist) control rule
regula de derivare a funciilor compuse (an) chain rule
regula de trei simpl (arit) rule of three; proportion
regula lui Cramer (alg) Cramers rule
regula lui LHospital (an) LHpitals rule; LHospitals rule
regularitate regularity
regularizare (t g) adjustment
regulat (mat) proper; regular (r., reg.)

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regulator (dispozitiv de control destinat meninerii unei variabile controlate la o
valoare constant) (t sist, aut, t g) regulator; controlling device; control
regulator al curentului de etalonare (el) calibration current regulator
regulator al presiunii de aspiraie (t g) back-pressure regulator
regulator al variaiilor progresive ale unei mrimi (aut) dimmer
regulator automat al sistemului de urmrire (aut) tracking controller
regulator automat de acord (aut, tele) automatic frequency control (AFC)
regulator bipoziional/ n dou puncte/ tot sau nimic (aut) on-off controller/
regulator
regulator centrifug (aut) centrifugal governor; flyball regulator; flywheel
regulator
regulator cu aciune direct/ direct/ fr energie auxiliar (aut) direct-acting/
action controller
regulator cu aciune n dou etape (n dou puncte) (t sist, aut) two-level
controller
regulator cu aciune la niveluri/ n puncte multiple (aut) multilevel controller
regulator cu amplificator magnetic (aut, el) magnetic amplifier regulator
regulator cu bile (t g) ball regulator
regulator cu program (aut, t sist) time (timed) control; timer; program (me)
controller
regulator de acces direct la memorie (aut, inf) direct memory access controller
regulator de alimentare (aut, t sist) feed regulator
regulator de avans (aut, t sist) feed regulator
regulator de compensare (aut) force balance regulator; balancer booster
regulator de putere (el) capacity controller/ regulator
regulator de putere/ de turaie (el) governor
regulator direct (t sist, aut) self-actuated controller/ regulator; self-operated
controller
regulator electric (aut) electric controller
regulator I (aut, t sist) integral (-action) controller/ regulator
regulator integral/ cu aciune de integrare/ astatic (aut, t sist) integral (-action)
controller/ regulator
regulator n cascad (aut) cascade action controller
regulator/ ntreruptor al nivelului minim (aut) low-level controller
regulator P/ proporional (static) (aut) proportional controller

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regulator PID cu anticipare/ avans D (t sist, aut) proportional-floating/
integral-derivative/ reset rate (action) controller
regulator principal (t sist) main governor
regulator (cu aciune) proporional ()-integral ()-diferenial () (t sist, aut)
proportional-floating/ integral-derivative/ reset rate (action) controller
regulator static (t sist) static governor
regulator vibrant/ oscilator (aut) oscillating regulator
regulator/ servomecanism tot sau nimic (aut, t sist) bang-bang servo
rencepe (a) restart
rencepere a unei operaii/ a rulrii de la punctul de control (inf) checkpoint
restart
renregistrare (n memorie) (inf) restoration
reitera (a) (mat) iterate
reiteraie (mat) iteration
relaia de nchidere (an, edp) completeness relation
relaia de incluziune (an) inclusion relation
relaia lui Parseval (an, edp) completeness relation
relaie (metod de adresare a unei informaii cu ajutorul unui simbol/ unei
adrese) (inf) reference (re., ref.); relation; relationship
relaie binom (mat) dyadic relation
relaie de echivalen (alg, l mat) relation of equivalence; equivalence relation
relaie de ordine (an) order relation; ordering relation
relaie de recuren (an) recurrence relation
relaie diadic (mat) dyadic relation
relaie reflexiv (mat) reflexive relation
relaie simetric (l mat) symmetric relation
relaie tranzitiv (alg) transitive relation
relaii de ordine (an) properties of order
relaii de salt (edp) jump relations
relativist (mec) relativistic
relativitate (mec) relativity
relaxare (an num, mec) relaxation
releu de comutare (tele) switching relay
releu de putere reactiv (el) inverse-power relay
releu de semnalizare (aut) supervisory relay

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releu declanator (de comand) (aut, el) switching relay
releu disjunctor (el) cut-out relay
releu tot sau nimic (el) all-or-nothing relay
relocare (ajustare a coninutului unui program; recalculare a coninutului fiecrui
cmp de adres care depinde de adresa de baz) (inf) relocation
relua (a) restart
reluare (a unui program) (inf) restart
remanent (alg, mec) residual
remanen; persisten (t g) after effect
remarca (a) note; observe
remiz (t j) tie
rent (st) rent
reostat de sarcin (aut, el) load rheostat
repara (a) restore
repartiia gamma (t pr) gamma distribution
repartiia/ legea lui Poisson (t pr) law of small numbers
repartiie (mat, an, t pr, t g) distribution; assignation
repartiie aleatoare (st) random distribution
repartiie controlat (st) censored distribution
repartiie cu dou mode/ bimodal (st) bimodal distribution
repartiie de frecven (t pr) frequency distribution
repartiie de selecie (st) sampling distribution
repartiie discret (t pr) discrete distribution
repartiie geometric (t pr) geometric distribution
repartiie n progresie geometric (st) geometric distribution
repartiie limit (t pr) limiting distribution
repartiie nesingular (st) non-singular distribution
repartiie normal multidimensional (t pr) multivariate normal distribution
repartiie singular (t pr, an) singular distribution
repartiie statistic (st) statistical distribution
repartiie temporal (aut, inf) time sharing
repartiie/ distribuie normal/ exponenial/ Gauss-Laplace (t pr) normal
distribution
repartizare (t sist, t g) allocation; distribution
repartizare a memoriei. (inf) storage allocation

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repede (t g) fast
reper (alg, an) component; constituent
reper (care indic prezena sau absena unei informaii) (inf) flag
reper (geo, t g) coordinate system; system of coordinates; frame; reference frame;
fixed point; stated point; mark
repera (a) (t g) mark
reperare automat (aut, t sist) automatic tracking (following)
repere de etalonare (aut) range marks
repeta (a) (un program) (inf, mat) re-run (ning); iterate; repeat
repeta (a se) recur
repetare (an) recurrence; recurring
repetat repeated
repetiie (mat, t g) iteration; recursion; roll back
repetor de impulsuri (aut) repeatear
report (al unei cifre, n operaiile aritmetice) (mat, inf) carry-over; carry
report/ transfer comandat (inf) instructed carry
reprezenta (a) (an, alg, geo, t g) represent; transform; feature
reprezenta (a) grafic (alg, geo, inf, t g) trace; spur; plot
reprezentabil representable
reprezentant (alg, st) representative; support
reprezentant suport (mat) carrier
reprezentare (an, alg, mat, t g, tele) transformation; representation; display; map;
mapping; image
reprezentare (reconstituire, clasificare, recunoatere i analiz) a imaginilor cu
ajutorul calculatorului (t sist, inf) image processing
reprezentare a unei variabile prin creterile sale succesive (an) increment
representation
reprezentare binar (folosind sistemul de numeraie cu baza 2) (arit, inf) binary
representation
reprezentare conform (geo, an) conformable representation
reprezentare de grup (alg, e dif) representation of a group
reprezentare grafic (mat, t graf) graph
reprezentare n virgul mobil (inf) floating point representation
reprezentare spectral (an) spectral representation
reprezentare sub form de produs (alg) factoring; factorisation

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reprezentare tabelar (mat) tabbing; tabulation
reprezentare zecimal (mat) decimal read-out
reprezentativ representative
reproducere (t g) display
repune (a) n micare restart
resetare (aut) reset
resort (mec) spring
resort de amortizare (el) damping spring
rest (alg, an, mat) remainder; residue; difference
rest (al unei serii) (an) remaining power term
restabili (a) restore
restabilire (de informaii deformate/ distorsionate) (inf) retrieval; recovery
restaura (a) restore
restaurare (t sist) restoration
restaurare dup cdere (a unui sistem de calcul) (inf) recovery
restaurarea imaginilor (inf) image restoration
restitui (a) restore
restrnge (a) (mat, t g, an) limit; narrow down; restrict; narrow
restrngere (t g) restraint; limitation
restrns (t g) restricted
restricia unei funcii (an) restriction of a function; section of a function
restricie (t sist, c op, mat) restraint; limitation; constraint
restricii admisibile (t sist) feasible constraints
restriciona (a) (an) restrict
restricionat (t g) restricted
resurs de calcul (obiect fizic sau logic care descrie funcionarea unui sistem de
calcul) (inf) resource
resurse software (totalitate a programelor disponibile ntr-un sistem de calcul)
(inf) software resources
retardat retarded
reea (an num, alg, top, mat, t sist, t g, st, geo, mec) mesh work; meshes; lattice; net;
web; array; grid; network
reea (de calculatoare) bazat pe server (inf) server based network
reea (de calculatoare) extins pe o arie mare (inf) wide area network (WAN)
reea (de calculatoare) stea (reea n care un nod central coordoneaz i

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dispozitivele aflate la deprtare) (inf) star network
reea arbore (reea stelar cu o structur ierarhic de control n care nodurile de la
nivelul superior le controleaz pe cele de la nivelul imediat inferior) (aut, inf)
tree network
reea circular uniform
(reea de senzori plasai uniform
pe un cerc) (aut) uniform circular array (UCA)
reea compensatoare de faz/ trece tot (aut) all-pass network
reea cu comutare a pachetelor de mesaje (inf) packet switching network
reea cu defazaj/ defazare minimal () (aut, t sist) minimum phase network
reea cu ntoarcere prin pmnt (el) earth return system
reea de baze de date (structur de baze de date ale crei elemente sunt legate prin
indicatoare de adres) (inf) network database
reea de cabluri (el) cable network
reea de calculatoare (inf) multiple file server network
reea de calculatoare cu un singur server (inf) single server network
reea de compensare (aut) compensating network
reea de comunicaii ntre diferite sisteme de calcul (inf) wide area network
(WAN)
reea de curbe (geo, alg) web of curves
reea de triunghiuri/ de triangulaie (an num) net of triangulation
reea electric (el) electrical network; line system; network; system
reea eelon (Michelson) (alg) echelon
reea/ fascicul de sfere (geo) sheaf of spheres
reea general de date (inf) wide area network (WAN)
reea global internaional de calculatoare (ce folosesc reeaua public de date)
(inf) unix to unix copy (UUCP)
reea Hopfield (reea neural recurent i asociativ cu n elemente, fiecare element
recepionnd ieirile celorlalte n-1 elemente) (t sist) Hopfield network
reea n care fiecare calculator poate mpri n mod egal datele i resursele cu
oricare altul (inf) peer-to-peer network
reea liniar uniform (reea de senzori plasai uniform pe o dreapt) (aut)
uniform linear array (ULA)
reea/ linie/ circuit de ntrziere (t sist, aut, el) delay network
reea logic programabil (circuit integrat pe scar larg care permite

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implementarea unui numr mare de funcii logice) (inf) programmable logic
array
reea multiconectat/ distribuit (el) multiconnectednetwork
reea multidrop (reea de calculatoare n care mai multe noduri sunt conectate la
distan de-a lungul unei singure linii de comunicaie) (inf) multi-drop network
reea multiserver (reea creia i sunt ataate mai multe calculatoare ce servesc
alte calculatoare) (inf) multiserver network
reea neural cu reacie pozitiv (t sist) feedforward neural network
reea neural recursiv autogeneratoare (t sist) recursive self-generating neural
network (RSGNN)
reea neuronal (t sist) cerebellar model articulation (CMAC) network
reea numeric cu servicii integrate (inf) integrated services digital network
(ISDN)
reea ptratic (an) net of squares
reea plas (n care un nod este conectat cu celelalte astfel nct comunicarea se
face peste circuitele dedicate ntre noduri) (el) mesh network
reea selectiv (t sist, t g) filter
reea sumatoare (schem de nsumare a semnalelor) (t sist, inf, el) adding
network
reinere (t g) restraint
reinere/ memorare/ stocare a datelor (inf) data hold
retroaciune (t sist, aut) feedback; retroaction
retrograd backward
retur (aut) reset
retur (el, tele, aut) return; resetting; reset
reuniune (t graf, arit, inf, t mul) sum; union
reuniune de mulimi (t mul) union of sets; sum of sets; set union
reuit (st) success
revrsare (mec) overflow
revela (a) discover
reveni (a) (el) release
reveni (a) la un ciclu/ la o bucl (inf) cycle through
revenire (an, el, tele, mat) recurrence; recurring; return; recursion; resetting
revenire la procedur (inf) return
revenire la program (reluare a execuiei unui program ntrerupt pentru

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remedierea unei erori) (inf) exception return
revenire la valoarea iniial (inf) recovery
revers (t g) back side
reversibil (mat, mec) invertible; reversible
reversor (el) change-over/ selector switch
rezerv (el) stand-by, standby (SBY)
rezervor (t g) bin; collector
rezidual (alg, mec, t g) residual; out-of-balance
reziduu (alg, an) residue
reziduu al unei funcii analitice (an) residue of an analytic function
rezista (a) support
rezistent (t g) fast
rezisten de amortizare (el, tele) damping resistance
rezisten de limitare (el) defining resistor
rezisten/ impedan de intrare (aut, el) input impedance
rezolubil (mat) soluble; solvable
rezoluie (numr de pixeli n care este mprit o suprafa de afiare) (inf)
resolution
rezolva (a) resolve; solve
rezolvabil (l mat, mat) releasable; solvable; soluble
rezolvabilitate solvability
rezolvant (mat) solving
rezolvare (mat) resolution; solution; solving
rezolvare a unei ecuaii (alg) solution of an equation
rezolvarea problemelor Cauchy (e dif, edp) solution of initial value problems
rezolvarea unui triunghi (geo) solution of a triangle
rezonan (mec, e dif, el, tele) resonance; response
rezulta (a) (t g) result
rezultant (mec, alg, an) resultant; eliminant
rezultant (mec, alg, an) resultant
rezultat (mat, t g) fact; outcome; output; result
rezultat intermediar (la calculatoare) (inf) temporary result
rezultat obinut de la un operand (inf) operation
rezuma (a) (t graf, arit, inf) sum; sum up; summarize
rezumare (a datelor) (inf) summarization

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rezumat (inf, t g) summary; outline
ridica (a) la cub (geo, alg) cube
ridica (a) la o putere (alg) raise to a power
ridica (a) la ptrat (alg, geo) square; raise to the second power; quadrate;
squaring
ridica (a) la putere (mat) involve; raise to a power
ridica (a) la puterea a treia; a ridica la cub (alg) raise to the third power
ridica (a) o perpendicular (geo) set (-)up
ridicare (mrirea tensiunii) (el, tele) boost; raise
ridicare la o putere (alg) raising to a power; exponentiation; involution
ridicare la puterea a doua; ridicare la ptrat (alg) raising to the second power
ridicare la puterea a treia; ridicare la cub (alg) raising to the third power
ridicarea unui indice (la un tensor) (geo) raising of an index
riemannian (a (l) lui Riemann) (geo) Riemannian
rigid (t sist, edp, mec) steady
rigl (linie) (geo, t g) ruler; straight edge; band
riglat (geo) ruled
riguros exact; rigorous; strict
robinet (t g) valve
robustee (proprietate a unui sistem dinamic de a-i pstra proprietile ntr-un
interval admisibil n prezena unor perturbaii sau nedeterminri) (t sist)
robustness
rodonee (geo) rhodonea
rol cu informaii (inf) delivery spool
rol de ghidare (aut) idler
rol de ntindere a benzii (inf, tele) idler
romb (geo) rhomb (us) (pl. rhombi/ rhombuses); lozenge
romboedric (geo) rhombohedral; rhombohedric
romboedru (poliedru cu ase fee romburi egale) (geo) rhombohedron (pl.
rhombohedrons/ rhombohedra)
romboid (geo) deltoid; rhomboid
romboidal (geo) rhomboid (al)
rotaie (geo, inf, mec, t g) turn; orb; rotation
roti (a) (t g) slew
roti (a se) turn

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rotire (geo, t g) rotation
rotire n sens invers (mec) back twist
rotund (an num) round
rotunji (a) (t sist, aut, t g, an num) adjust; bulge; round off
rotunjire (an num) round off; rounding; roundness
rotunjit (an num) rounded
rula (a) n bucl (despre calculator) (inf) hang up in a loop
rula (a) napoi (t g) roll back
rulare (prelucrare a unui program ntr-un sistem de calcul) (inf) running; run
rulare urgent (inf) hot job
rupe (a) (inf) break
rupere (t g) burst
rutin (ansamblu de instruciuni care realizeaz o anumit funcie) (inf) routine;
procedure
rutin de bibliotec (procedur memoratntr-o bibliotec a unui sistem de calcul)
(inf) library routine
rutin de semnalare a erorilor de canal/ de pist (tele) channel check handler
rutin pentru cutarea memoriei (pentru cutarea i nlturarea greelilor) (inf)
memory search routine
rutin/ subprogram n virgul mobil (inf) floating-point routine

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salt (aut, t sist, t g, mat, an) transfer (trans.); transition; saltus


salt condiionat numeric (n executarea unui program de calcul) (inf) numerical
branch
salt la eroare program (inf) branch on error
saltul unei funcii (an) jump (of a function)
sarcin (el, mec, t g) burden; task; duty; load; capacity
sarcin (a unui program) care construiete mesaje (inf) producer
sarcin admisibil (t g) carrying capacity
sarcin direct/ aplicat direct direct acting load
sarcin multipl (posibilitate de a se executa simultan, pe acelai calculator, dou
sau mai multe programe) (inf) multitask
satisface (a) satisfy
satisface (a) condiiile (inf) obey
satisface (a) o ecuaie (alg) satisfy an equation
SAU (funcie logic/ boolean) (l mat) OR
SAU exclusiv (t mul) symmetric difference
SAU exclusiv inversat (inf) inverted exclusive OR
SAU inclusiv (inf) inclusive OR
SAU-SAU EITHER-OR
SAUI (inf) inclusive OR
sgeat (mat) arrow
sgeata ncovoierii (t g) camber
srm (el) wire
scal (inf, arit) scale
scalar (alg, geo) scalar; scalar quantity
scalare (multiplicare a unor elemente grafice) (inf) scaling
scalarul curburii (geo) scalar curvature
scalen (cu laturi inegale) (geo) scalene
scal de timp (t g) time scale
scaner (dispozitiv electronic care citete i transform o imagine sau un desen de
pe hrtie n valori digitale pentru a fi prelucrate pe calculator) (inf) scanner
scar (inf, arit) scale
scar binar (inf) binary scaler
scdea (a) (a face o scdere) (arit, mat, t g) subtract; deduct; diminish
scdere (arit, mat) subtraction; decrease; narrowing; deduction

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scdere vectorial (geo) vector subtraction
scztor (arit) subtrahend
schem (mat, mec, t g, inf, t sist) form; scheme; schema (pl. schemata); plot;
design; pattern; model; network
schem a circuitelor (el) circuit arrangement
schem analogic (el) analogous circuit
schem bloc (inf) flow chart; flow-process chart; block diagram
schem cu diferene (e. dif) array of differences
schem cu diferene finite (an num) finite difference scheme
schem de cablaj (montaj) (el) cabling diagram
schem de calcul (t g, t sist, mat) diagram
schem de circuit (el) circuit lay-out
schem de compensare (inf) // reea de egalizare (tele) equalizing network
schem de comutare (el) shift circuit
schem deconexiuni (aut, el) switch system; diagram of connections/ of wiring
schem de conexiuni/ de montaj/ electric (el) circuit diagram
schem de fixare/ de blocare (inf) hold circuit; holding circuit
schem de ntrziere (aut, el) delay circuit
schem de modelare (el) analogous circuit
schem de montaj (el) circuit arrangement
schem de principiu (mat,inf, t g) fundamental circuit; basic diagram; basic
circuit
schem electric (el) circuitry
schem funcional (inf, t g) key diagram; symbolical circuit
schem logic (t g, inf) logical diagram; functional diagram
schem logic de program (inf) flow chart; flow-process chart
schem sinoptic (aut, inf) dynamic demonstrator; block diagram
schem/ montaj n lan (el) chain relay circuit
schem/ reea logic combinaional (inf) combinational network; comparator
schem/ tablou de cod/ de codificare code chart
schimb interchange
schimb de memorie intermediar (inf) exchange buffering
schimba (a) (t g) exchange; modify
schimba (a) forma (an, alg, geo) transform
schimba (a) ordinea (mat) invert

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schimbare (alg, st, an, mec, el, mat, t g) variation; alteration; alternation;
modification
schimbare a frecvenei (el, tele) alteration of frequency
schimbare a strii (t g, mat, t sist) transition
schimbare de form (an, alg) transformation
schimbare de stare (t sist) change of state
schimbare de variabil/ de variabile (an, st) change of variable (s); variate
transformation
schimbarea ordinii termenilor ntr-o serie (alg, an) rearrangement
schimbtor de semn (inf) inverter
schia (a) (t g, mat) indicate; delineate
schi (mat, t g, t sist) drawing; draft; outline; design; indication; pattern; model
scinda (a se) (alg, inf) split
scindare splitting
scoab (t g) brace
scoate (a) din circuit (el) cut-out
scoate (a) din echilibru (t g) unbalance
scoate (a) din memorie (inf) usher out
scoate (a) un factor comun (alg) take out a factor
scoatere (t g) taking out; extraction
scop al utilizrii (mat, tg) application
scos din circuit (el, t g) off (o); open
scos din echilibru off-balance
scos din funciune (t g) out of order (OOO); be out of action; out of action/ of
operation/ of service
scrie (a) (din memoria intern n cea extern; pe un suport extern) (inf) write
scriere (introducere a informaiei n memoria calculatorului sau pe un suport
extern de memorie) (inf) writing
scriere a numerelor n sistemul de numeraie cu baza 5 (arit) quinary notation
scriere n codul utilizatorului (inf) user coding
scriere poziional (a numerelor) (mat) positional notation
scriere zecimal (arit) decimal notation
scufundare (mec) immersion; embedding; imbedding
scufundat (mat) embedded
scurt short; summary

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scurta (a) shorten
scurtcircuit (el) fault
secant (geo, an) secant; secant line; cutting line; line of intersection
secantoid (an) secant curve
seciona (a) (geo, an) section
secional (geo, mec) sectional
seciune (an, geo) cut; section; surface of section
seciune axial (geo) axial section
seciune conic (geo) conic section
seciune de fiiere (n COBOL) (inf) file section
seciune diagonal (alg, geo, an) diagonal
seciune dreapt (geo) right section
seciune meridian (a unei suprafee de rotaie) (geo) profile; meridian;
meridian section
seciune oblic (geo) oblique section
seciune plan (geo) plane section
seciune tangenial (geo) tangential section
seciune transversal (geo) transversal section; transverse section; cross section
sector (zon a pistei unui disc) (inf) sector; branch
sector de cerc (geo) sector (of a circle); circular sector
sector sferic (geo) spherical cone; spherical sector; sector of sphere
sectorial (geo, edp) sectorial
secular (alg, geo) secular
secund (al doilea) second
secundar (mat) lateral; secondary; stray
secund second
secund de arc (geo) second of arc
secund de unghi (geo) second of angle
securitate (protecie mpotriva riscurilor referitoare la hard/ soft/ informaie) (inf)
security; safety
secven (t sist, aut, inf) order; sequence
secven a unui program (inf) program (me) sequence
secven binar decodificatoare (inf) binary decoding sequence
secven de apel (inf) calling sequence
secven de codificare binar (inf) binary coding sequence

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secven de instruciuni (inf) task
secven de instruciuni codificate (inf) encoding
secven de numrare n cod zecimal codificat binar (BCD) (inf) BCD count
sequence
secven de operaii (inf) procedure
secven de transfer (la o subrutin) (inf) calling sequence
secvenial (inf, st) sequential
segment (de informaii) (inf) segment; interval; closed interval
segment (tiat de o dreapt pe o ax de coordonate) (geo, an) intercept
segment circular/ de cerc (geo) circular segment; segment of (a) circle
segment comun (segment de date al crui coninut poate fi referit din mai multe
segmente program) (inf) common segment
segment de acoperire (al unui program) (inf) overlay
segment de date (corespunztoare unui segment-program) (inf) data segment
segment de dreapt (geo, mat) segment of a line; line segment
segment de program (grupare logic de informaii ce conine instruciuni i
eventual date) (inf) program (me)segment
segment orientat (geo) oriented segment
segment principal/ de control (coninnd prima instruciune care se execut la
rularea unui program) (inf) root segment
segment rdcin (coninnd prima instruciune care se execut la rularea unui
program) (inf) root segment
segment scurt de text (adiacent unui articol de date cu lungime mare) (inf) side
bar
segment sferic (cu dou baze) (geo) spherical segment (of two bases)
segment sferic (cu o baz) (geo) spherical segment (of one base); segment of (a)
sphere
segmenta (a) (an) segment
segmentare (a memoriei) (inf) segmentation
selectare (tele) grading
selectare a semnalului (tele) gating
selectat (st, inf) selected
selecia cu probabilitate egal (st) selection with equal probability
selecie (aut, mat, st, alg,t sist, inf, tele) gating; sample; sampler; sampling;
selection; hunting

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selecie controlat (st) censored sample
selecie n mai multe faze (st) multiphase sampling
selecie nereprezentativ pentru populaie (st) maverick
selecie pe grupe (st) quota sample
selecii cu elemente comparabile ntre ele (st) matched samples
seleciona (a) (st) select
selecionare a unui bit (inf) bit location
selecionat (st) select
selector (aut, el, tele) sampler; selector
semafor (numr ntreg pozitiv utilizat ca argument al unor operaii primitive)
(inf) semaphore
semantic (studiu al raportului ntre semne, simboluri i semnificaia acestora)
(inf) semantics
semestru universitar term
semi- half; quasisemiamplitudine (st, t g) half-width
semiautomat (t g) half-automatic
semiax (geo) half-axis; semiaxis
semiax conjugat (geo) semiconjugate axis
semiax imaginar (a unei hiperbole) (geo) semiconjugate axis
semiax mare (geo) major semi-axis
semiax real (a unei hiperbole) (geo) semi-transverse axis
semiax transvers (a unei hiperbole) (geo) semi-transverse axis
semicerc (geo) hemicycle; semicircle
semicilindric (geo) semicylindrical
semicilindru (geo) semi-cylinder
semicircular (geo) semicircular
semicompact (top) hemicompact; semi-compact
semicontinuitate (an) semi-continuity
semicontinuu (an) quasi-continuous; semi-continuous
semiconvergent (an) conditionally convergent; semiconvergent
semiconvergen (an) conditional convergence; semiconvergence
semicuadric (geo) regulus
semicubic (geo) semicubical
semidefinit (alg, e dif) semidefinite

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semideschis (an, geo) semi-open
semidiametru (geo) semi-diameter
semidreapt (an, geo) semi-straight line; half-line; halfstraight line; ray
semigrup (alg) half-group; hemigroup; monoid; semigroup
semigrup degenerat la dreapta (alg) right singular semigroup
semigrup fr elemente idempotente (alg) non-potent semigroup
semigrup ortogonal (alg) rectangular semigroup
semigrupoid (alg) semi-groupoid
semiinel (alg) semiring
semiinvariant (geo, st) semi-invariant
semiliniar (alg) semi-linear
seminorm (an, top) semi-norm; quasi-norm
semiperimetru (geo) semiperimeter
semiperioad (an, inf) half-period; alternation; semi-period
semiperiodic (inf, e dif) semiperiodic
semiplan (geo, edp) semi-plane; side of a line; half-plane
semiplanul inferior (an) lower half-plane
semiplanul superior (an, geo) upper half plane
semisimetric (geo) semi-symmetric
semisimplu (alg) semi-simple
semispaiu (geo) half-space
semispinor (geo) semi-spinor
semitangent (an, geo) semi-tangent
semiund (inf) alternation
semiunghi (geo) half angle
semiversus (an) half versine/ versed sine; haversine (function)
semn (inf, an, alg, t graf, t g) caracter; note; sign; tag; mark; symbol; token
semn binar (inf) binary place
semn de definire/ declarare/ enun (inf) declarator
semn de ignorare (inf) ignore character
semn negativ (alg) negative sign
semnal (purttor) de informaie (inf) intelligence signal
semnal binar (care are doar dou valori 0 i 1, jos i nalt) (inf) binary signal
semnal continuu (t sist) continuous time signal
semnal cu band limitat (semnal a crui transformat Fourier este zero pentru

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frecvene mai mari dect o valoare fixat numit frecven limit) (t sist, tele)
band-limited signal

semnal cu energie finit (semnal continuuf (t) cu

f (t )

dt ) (t sist)

energysignal
semnal de acionare/ de comand (aut,t sist, el) action signal; actuating signal
semnal de alarm (el) warning signal
semnal de cod/ codificat (inf) code signal
semnal de comand (aut) monitor signal
semnal de confirmare (aut) repeatear
semnal de corectare (inf) symbol
semnal de ieire binar (inf, t sist) binary output
semnal de informaie n comenzi/ reglaje (aut, t sist) information in controls
semnal de instruciune (inf) order signal
semnal de intrare (t sist, aut) input signal
semnal de intrare analogic (inf, t sist) analogue input
semnal de intrare discontinuu/ intermitent (t sist) intermittent input
semnal de ntoarcere (tele) backward signal
semnal de sfrit (cod sau semnal
indicnd sfritul unei uniti de informaie) (inf) end mark
semnal de tip exponenial complex (semnal de forma x(t ) C exp jt ) (t sist)
complex exponential signal
semnal n dini de fierstru (el, t sist) line sawtooth
semnal multiplu (cu cel puin doi parametri de informaie) (t sist, tele) multiple
signal
semnal nul la ieire (t sist) zero output
semnal principal (aut) inner-marker signal; main entrance signal
semnal ramp/ liniar variabil (t sist) ramp signal
semnal reflectat (el, tele) return; backward signal
semnal trece band (semnal a crui transformat Fourier este zero sau foarte mic
n afara unei benzi de frecven prestabilite) (t sist, aut, tele) band-pass signal
semnal trece-jos (t sist, aut) low-pass signal
semnal/ instruciune de corecie (inf) patch
semnala (a) (inf) flag

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semnalizare (aut) information
semne diferite (mat) unlike signs
semnificaie (l mat) implication; meaning; significance
semnificativ (l mat) meaningful; significant
semnuladunrii (mat) addition sign
semnul pentru sum (alg) summation sign
semnul (arit, geo, alg) prime
semnul egal/ de egalitate (mat) equality sign
semnul integral/ sum (an) integral sign
semnul mpririi (arit) sign of division
semnul nmulirii (mat) multiplication sign
semnul plus (alg) plus; plus sign; positive sign
semnul radical (alg) radical; radical sign; root sign
semnul scderii (arit) subtraction sign
sens (mat, l mat, inf) bearing; implication; sense; meaning; significance
sens de rotaie (geo, mec) sense of rotation
sensibilitate spectral (el, tele) response
sensul de micare al acelor de ceasornic (mec, mat) clockwise
sensul unei inegaliti (alg) sense of an inequality
sensul unui vector (an) sense of vector
separa (a) (t g) detach; breakdown; separate
separa (a) variabilele (edp) separate the variables
separabil (mat) separable
separabilitate (mat) separability
separare (a variabilelor) (edp, an, t g) separation; detachment
separarea unei rdcini (alg) root location
separarea variabilelor (edp) separation of variables; variable separation
separat (an) separate; separated
separator (la calculatoare) (el, inf) separador; cut-off key
seria care are drept sum numrul e (an) factorial series
seria lui e x (an) exponential series
seria MacLaurin pentru ln (1+x) (an) logarithmic series
serial (inf) serial
serializare (inf) serialisation
serial/ n serie pe bit (inf) serial by bit

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serial/ n serie pe caracter (inf) serial by character
serie (el, inf, tele, mat, t sist, t g, st) series (pl. series); range; array; lot; row
serie armonic (an) harmonic series
serie de date/ de informaii (inf) record (rec.)

serie de forma 1 /( k n)(k n 1) (an) telescopic series


n 0

serie de funcii (an) functional series


serie de puteri (an) ascending power series; power series
serie de puteri formal (an, e dif, edp) formal power series
serie exponenial (an) exponential series
serie formal (an, alg) formal series
serie Fourier (an) Fourier series

serie Fourier complex:

c e

inx

(an) two-way series

serie Fourier de sinusuri (an) sine series


serie hipergeometric (e dif) hypergeometric series
serie Laurent (an) Laurent series
serie numeric (an) series of numbers
serie statistic (st) statistical series
serie sumabil (an) summable series
serie Taylor (an) Taylors series
serie trigonometric (an, edp) trigonometric series
serpentin; curba x2y2+ b2y a2x = 0 (geo) serpentine
server (calculator care i ofer serviciile altor calculatoare din reea: ex. server de
fiiere/ de imprimant/ de comunicaie) (inf) server
serviciu (t g) running
serviciu cu comutare de pachete (metod de msurare a capacitii de stocare a
datelor unei reele de calculatoare) (inf) packet switching service
servomotor de reglaj (aut) electric control motor
sesquiliniar; seschiliniar (alg, edp) sesquilinear; semi-bilinear
set de caractere (totalitate a caracterelor utilizabile pentru scrierea programelor
ntr-un anumit limbaj) (inf) character set
set de cartele (inf) deck
set de elemente succesive ale unei informaii (inf) serial

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set de instruciuni plasate ntr-o anumit ordine (inf) sequence
sexagesimal (geo) sexagesimal
sextant (a asea parte dintr-un cerc) sextant
sextic (alg, geo) sextic curve
sextuplu (arit) sextuple
sfrit (t g) end; termination
sfrit al liniei (la imprimant) (inf) end-of-line
sfrit al unei zone (a unui disc de
memorie) (inf) end-of-extent (EOE)
sfrit al unui fiier (inf) end of file (EOF)
sfer (geo, mec, mat, t g) orb; ball
sfer circumscris (geo) circumsphere
sfer deschis (top) open ball
sfer goal (geo) hollow sphere
sfer nscris (ntr-un tetraedru regulat) (geo) inscribed sphere; insphere
sfer osculatoare (geo) osculating sphere; sphere of curvature
sfer plin (geo, an, top) solid sphere; three-dimensional sphere
sfer plin de raz 1 (geo, top) unit ball
sfer unitate (geo) unit sphere
sferic (geo) sphere-shaped; spherical
sfericitate (geo) spherical shape; sphericity
sferoid (geo) spheroid
sferoidal (geo) spheroidal
sfert (arit, geo) quarter
sfert de cerc/ de sfer/ de spaiu (geo) quadrant
signatur (alg) signature
signatura unei forme ptratice (alg) signature of a quadratic form
sigur sure
sigurana prelucrrii datelor (inf) safety of data processing
siguran (st) certainty; reliability
siguran cu fuzibil (el) cut-out
siguran n funcionare (t g) reliability; safety
silogism (l mat) syllogism
simbol (inf, an, alg, aut, an num, mat) caracter; note; sign, indication; cipher
(cypher); designation; figure; letter; symbol

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simbol al lui Christoffel (geo) Christoffel symbol
simbol al lui Kronecker generalizat (geo) generalized Kronecker delta
simbol de identificare (care indic prezena sau absena unei informaii) (inf)
flag
simbol literal netraductibil (ce se definete i se numete prin el nsui) (mat)
literal
simbol terminal (folosit pentru elementele de baz ale unui limbaj; simbol care
indic sfritul unei nregistrri sau al unei uniti de informaie) (inf) terminal
symbol
simbolic symbolic (al)
simbolism (l mat) symbolism
simboliza (a) (a reprezenta cu ajutorul simbolurilor) (l mat) symbolize
simbolul al interseciei (t mul) cap
simbolul U al reuniunii (t mul) cup U
simbolul lui Kronecker (geo) Kronecker delta
simetric (edp, alg, geo) symmetric (al)
simetrie (a unei matrice) (alg) reciprocity
simetrie (geo) reflection; reflexion; symmetry
simetrie axial (mat) axial symmetry
simetrie de rotaie (geo) rotational symmetry
simetrie fa de o dreapt (geo) reflection in a line
simetrie n raport cu un punct (geo) reflection in a point
simetriza (a) (a face simetric) (alg, geo) symmetrize
simetrizabil (alg) symmetrizable
simetrizare (t sist, mec, t g, alg) balancing; symmetrization
similar like
similitudine (geo) similarity transformation
simplectic (alg, an, geo) symplectic
simplex (top) simplex
simplicial (top) simplicial
simplifica (a) (alg, inf) simplify; reduce; cancel
simplifica (a) o fracie (arit) reduce a fraction to lower terms
simplifica (a) o fracie cu cel mai mare divizor comun al numitorului i
numrtorului (arit) reduce a fraction to its lowest terms
simplifica (a) o fracie cu un factor (arit) reduce a fraction by a factor

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simplificabil (mat) cancellable
simplificare (a unei fracii ordinare) (mat, mec, arit) reduction; simplification;
cancellation
simplificat (arit) simplified
simplu (t gr) simple; single; simply
simplu conex (an) simply connected
simplu tranzitiv (alg, geo) simply transitive
simula (a) (inf) simulate
simulare (tehnic de realizare a experimentelor cu ajutorul calculatorului) (inf, edp,
e dif) simulation
simulare pe calculator (inf) computer simulation
simulator (inf) simulator
simulator de reele (model pentru studierea funciilor reelelor cu ajutorul
calculatoarelor analogice) (inf) network analyser
sincronism (aut, el) independent time control; zero-beat
sincronizare timing
sincronizator (aut, el) timer
singular (numr) (l mat, e dif, alg, st) singular
singularitate (an, geo) singularity
singularitate esenial (an) essential singularity
singur single
sinistrorsum (n sens contrar mersului acelor unui ceasornic) (geo)
anticlockwise
sintax (a unui limbaj de programare) (inf) syntax
sintetic synthetic (al)
sintetizare a datelor summarizing data
sintez (edp, t g) synthesis (pl. syntheses); design
sintez logic (inf) logical design
sintez/ generare sistematic a programelor (inf) program (me) synthesis
sinuozitate (t g) bend
sinus (an) sine
sinus hiperbolic (an) hyperbolic sinus
sinus integral (an) sine integral
sinusoid (graficul funciei sinus) (an) sine curve; sinusoid; harmonic curve
sinusoidal sinusoidal

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sistem (t sist, alg, geo, an, e dif, mat,t g, st) system; family; plant; array; set
sistem activ de urmrire (t sist) active tracking system
sistemadjunct (mat, t sist) adjoint system
sistemalgebric (alg) algebraic system
sistem (de coordonate) al centrului de inerie (mec) centre of inertia system
sistem aproximativ controlabil (sistem liniar staionar infinit dimensional a crui
mulime de accesibilitate este dens n spaiul strilor) (t sist) approximately
controllable system
sistem aservit (t sist, aut) locked-in system
sistem automat de reglare complex (t sist, aut) complex automatic control
system
sistem automat de testare (aut, t sist) automatic test system
sistem/ baz zecimal () (mat) decimal base
sistem bidimensional (cu dou variabile) (t sist) two-dimensional system (2-D
system)
sistem bifazat (aut, t sist) two-phase system
sistem binar (sistem numeric cu baza 2) (mat, inf) binary number system;
dyadic
sistem cauzal (sistem a crui ieire nu depinde de intrrile viitoare) (t sist)
causal system
sistem complet (de evenimente) (t pr) complete set
sistem complex (compus din mai multe sisteme n interaciune) (t sist, an)
complex system; large scale system
sistem continuu (t sist) continuous time system
sistem cu legtur invers (t sist) feedback system
sistem cu lungime fix a cuvntului (inf) fixed length system
sistem cu mai multe intrri i ieiri (t sist) multiple/ multi-inputmultiple/
multi-output (MIMO) system
sistem cu mai multe intrri i o singur ieire (t sist) multiple/ multi-input
single-output (MISO) system
sistem cu o intrare i o ieire (st) single input single output (SISO) (system)
sistem cu structur variabil (sistem a crui structur variaz n funcie de starea
sistemului) (t sist) variable structure system
sistem 2D hibrid (continuu-discret) (t sist) hybrid 2D system
sistem de acionare (aut, el) actuator mechanism

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sistem de ateptare (n care numrul de cereri depete la un moment dat
posibilitile de servire) (c op) waiting system
sistem de axiome (mat) system of axioms; axiom system
sistem de baz pentru intrri-ieiri (component a sistemului de operare al
calculatorului) (t sist, inf) basic input-output system (BIOS)
sistem de calcul (inf) system
sistem de calcul cu acces multiplu (accesibil simultan prin mai multe terminale)
(inf) multiaccess system
sistem de calcul grafic (utilizat pentru prelucrarea imaginilor grafice) (inf)
computer graphics
sistem de calcul multisarcin (care permite evoluia simultan a mai multor
sarcini) (inf) multitask (ing) system
sistem de calcul multiutilizator (n cazul existenei unui sistem de operare
multiutilizator) (inf) multiuser system
sistem de calcul numeric (pentru prelucrarea informaiei numerice) (inf)
computer system
sistem de cercuri cu ax radical comun (geo) coaxial system of circles
sistem de colectare/ de nregistrare (a datelor) (inf) logging system
sistem de comand automat n bucl nchis (aut, t sist) closed loop; servosystem
sistem de comand n bucl deschis (sistemde comand n care ieirea este
determinat numai de intrri, nu i de ieire) (t sist, aut) open-loop control
system
sistem de comand liniar (t sist) linear control system
sistem de comand neural vag/ fuzzy (t sist) neuro-fuzzy control system
sistem de comand prin nregistrri (t sist) register controlled system
sistem de comand tolerant la erori (sistem care manifest stabilitate i
performane acceptabile n prezena unor erori n componentele sale) (t sist)
fault-tolerant control system
sistem de comand/ de reglare numeric (aut) numerical process control
system
sistem de comand video (aut) video system controller (VSC)
sistem de comutare (aut, el) switch system
sistem de coordonate (geo) coordinate system; system of coordinates; frame
sistem de coordonate al centrului de mas (mec) centre of mass (coordinate)

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system
sistem de coordonate dextrorsum (geo) left-handed coordinate system
sistem de coordonate drept (geo) right-handed coordinate system
sistem de coordonate stng (geo) left-handed coordinate system
sistem de defazare minim (aut, t sist) minimum phase shift system
sistem de deviaie (aut) deflecting system
sistem de distribuire a informaiilor tactice (sistem care utilizeaz tehnici de
dispersie a spectrului pentru securizarea comunicaiilor numerice) (t sist) Joint
Tactical Information Distribution System (JTIDS)
sistem de ecuaii (alg, e dif, edp) set of equations; system of equations;
simultaneous equations
sistem de ecuaii difereniale (obinuite) (e dif) simultaneous differential
equations
sistem de explorare/ de deflexie (tele) deflecting system
sistem de faz/ defazare minim (sistem care are zerourile i polii n discul
unitate) (t sist, aut) minimum phase system
sistem de gestiune a bazelor de date (inf) data base management system
sistem de inecuaii (alg, an) simultaneous inequalities
sistem de inegaliti (alg, an) simultaneous inequalities
sistem de notaie numeric (inf) (mat) positional notation
sistem de numeraie (inf, arit, t g; mat) scale; number system; notation;
numeration
sistem de numeraie cu baza 20 (aut) vigesimal number system
sistem de numeraie hexazecimal/ cu baza 16 (arit) hexadecimal number
system
sistem de numere (arit) number system
sistem de numere binare (arit) dyadic number system
sistem de operare multiutilizator (sistem de operare ce permite mai multor
utilizatori s lucreze simultan pe acelai calculator) (inf) multiuser operating
system
sistem de operare/ de exploatare/ de comand a executrii programelor (inf)
operating system (OS)
sistem de ordinul al doilea (sistem descris de o ecuaie diferenial de ordinul al
doilea) (t sist) second order system
sistem de prelucrare i nregistrare a datelor (inf) data logging-recording

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system
sistem de rastru (pentru circuite imprimate) (tele) grid system
sistem de referin (geo) reference frame; frame; reference system
sistem de reglaj autonom (t sist) non-interaction control system
sistem de reglaj dinamic (t sist, aut) kinetic-control system
sistem de reglaj n bucl deschis (t sist) unmonitored control system
sistem de reglare (t g, t sist) servo-system; regulating system
sistem de reglare adaptor oscilant (t sist, aut) oscillating adaptive control
system
sistem de reglare autoadaptiv/ autoreglabil (t sist, aut) adaptive control system
sistem de reglare automat multipl/ cuplat (t sist) interacting automatic
control system
sistem de reglare cu bucl nchis/ cu circuit nchis/ cu reacie (t sist, aut)
closed-loop servosytem
sistem de reglare cu eantionare (t sist) sampled data control system
sistem de reglare de la distan/ de telecomand (t sist, inf) remote control
system
sistem de reglare discontinu/ cu impulsuri (t sist) intermittent regulation
system
sistem de reglare electric (el, aut) electrical interlocks
sistem de reglare n circuit nchis (aut) monitored control system
sistem de reglare liniar cu bucl mic (t sist) linear single-loop control system
sistem de reglare tip (t sist) representative feedback control system
sistem de transmitere a datelor (inf) data link system
sistem de vectori (alg) system of vectors
sistem decadic/ zecimal (mat) decade system
sistem descriptor (t sist) descriptor system
sistem descriptor regulat (t sist) regular descriptor system
sistem diadic/ dublu/ binar (mat) dyadic system
sistem dinamic (t sist) dynamic system
sistem dinamic cu ntrziere (descris de ecuaia de stare liniar

x(t ) A 0 x(t ) A1 x(t h) Bu (t ) ) (t sist) dynamical system with delays


sistem dinamic infinit dimensional (sistem n care spaiul strilor i spaiul
ieirilor sunt spaii Banach infinit dimensionale) (t sist) infinite dimensional

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dynamical system
sistem dinamic liniar nestaionar continuu finit dimensional (descris de ecuaia
diferenial de stare x(t ) A(t ) x(t ) B(t )u(t ) i de ecuaia algebric de ieire
y(t ) C (t ) x(t ) D(t )u(t ) ) (t sist) dynamical linear time-varying continuous-time

finite-dimensional system
sistem dinamic liniar nestaionar discret finit dimensional (descris de ecuaia de
stare x(t 1) A(t ) x(t ) B(t )u(t ) i de ecuaia algebric de ieire
y(t ) C (t ) x(t ) D(t )u(t ) ) (t sist) dynamical linear time-varying discrete-time

finite-dimensional system
sistem dinamic liniar staionar continuu finit dimensional (t sist) dynamical
linear time-invariant continuous-time finite-dimensional system
sistem dinamic liniar staionar discret finit dimensional (t sist) dynamical
linear time-invariant discrete-time finite-dimensional system
sistem dinamic vag/ fuzzy
(sistem care nglobeaz concepte ale logicii fuzzy) (t sist) fuzzy dynamic system
sistem discret (t sist) discrete-time system
sistem disipativ (t sist) dissipative system
sistem ereditar de generatori (alg) hereditarilygenerating system
sistem formal (l mat) formal system; formalism
sistem forat (sistem dinamic excitat de o surs extern nenul) (t sist) forced
system
sistem fundamental de soluii (e dif) fundamental system; fundamental set of
solutions
sistem ierarhic/ multinivel de echipamente de calcul (t sist, inf) hierarchical/
multi-level computer system
sistem infinit dimensional exact controlabil (sistem infinit dimensional a crui
mulime de accesibilitate coincide cu spaiul strilor) (t sist) exact controllable
infinite dimensional system
sistem informatic (ansamblu de persoane, metode, echipamente pentru colectarea,
prelucrarea i afiarea informaiei) (inf) information system
sistem informatic integrat (bazat pe integrarea datelor i proceselor de prelucrare)
(inf) integrated information system
sistem informaional (ansamblu de fluxuri i circuite informaionale organizate
ntr-o concepie unitar) (inf) information system

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sistem/ instalaie cu reglare indirect (t sist, aut) indirectly controlled system
sistem interconectat (de reele electrice) (el) grid system
sistem invariant (t sist) non-variant system
sistem invariant n timp (sistem dinamic care nu depinde explicit de timp, de
exemplu x(t ) f ( x(t ), u(t )), y(t ) g ( x(t ), u(t )) (t sist) stationary system; time
invariant system
sistem inversabil (un sistem 1 pentru care exist un sistem 2 astfel nct cele
dou sisteme legate n serie produc ieiri egale cu intrrile) (t sist) invertible
system
sistem n timp real (cu valoare redus a timpului de rspuns) (t sist) real time
system
sistem nchis closed system
sistem nchis cu eantionare (t sist) sampled-data feedback system
sistem liber (sistem dinamic a crui intrare este nul) (t sist) unforced system;
free system
sistem liniar (sistem cu ecuaia de stare x(t ) A(t ) x(t ) B(t )u(t ) i ecuaia de ieire
y(t ) C (t ) x(t ) D(t )u(t ) ) (t sist) linear system

sistem liniar cu salturi markoviene (sistem cu ecuaia de stare


x (t ) A( (t )) x(t ) B( (t ))u(t ) i ecuaia de ieire y(t ) C ( (t )) x(t ) D( (t ))u(t ) )
unde ( (t)) tR este un process Markov) (t sist) linear system with Markov
jumps
sistem liniar de tip incremental (sistem cu rspuns liniar la modificrile intrrilor,
adic sistem la care diferena ieirilor este funcie liniar de diferena intrrilor) (t
sist) incrementally linear system
sistem liniar invariant (t sist) linear shift invariant (LSI) system
sistem liniar staionar (t sist) linear time invariant (LTI) system
sistem microelectromecanic (t g) microelectromechanical system (MEMS)
sistem monobloc/ autonom (t g) packaged unit
sistem morfologic (sistem neliniar bazat pe operatori morfologici, opus sistemelor
liniare invariante la deplasare) (t sist) morphological system
sistem multidimensional/ n dimensional (t sist) multidimensional system/ nD
sistem n dimensional (t sist) n dimensional system/ nD
sistem necauzal/ acauzal (t sist) non-causal system
sistem neinversabil (t sist) non-invertible system

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sistem neliniar (cu reprezentarea de stare x(t ) f ( x(t ), u(t ), t ) , y(t ) g ( x(t ), u(t ), t ) )
(t sist, aut) non-linear system
sistem neolonom (mat, mec) non-holonomic system
sistem nestaionar (ieirea sistemului depinde de momentul aplicrii intrrii) (t
sist) time varying system
sistem/ obiect/ mrime reglat () (t sist) control object
sistem (de calcul) on-line/ careasigur comanda direct a unei aplicaii (inf)
on-line system
sistem ortogonal complet (an) complete orthogonal set
sistem partiionat (sistem format din mai multe subsisteme interconectate) (t sist)
partitioned system
sistem propriu (sistem a crui ieire este egal cu intrarea nmulit cu o
constant) (t sist) eigensystem
sistem realizabil fizic (t sist, t g) feasible system
sistem simetric de ecuaii (alg) symmetrical equation system
sistem software (totalitate a programelor cu care este echipat un sistem de calcul)
(inf) software system
sistem stabil (t sist, e dif) stable system
sistem static (n care ieirea nu depinde de intrrile trecute sau viitoare) (t sist)
static system (memoryless system)
sistem staionar (ieirea sistemului nu depinde de momentul aplicrii intrrii) (t
sist) time invariant system; stationary system
sistem traductor de formule (inf) formula translating system (FORTRAN)
sistem trece-tot (sistem ai crui poli i zerouri sunt numere complexe conjugate
inverse) (t sist) all-pass system
sistem zecimal (de msuri i greuti) (arit) decimal system; decadic (number)
system
sistem zecimal cu cod binar (inf) binary-coded decimal system
sistem zecimal de msuri/ de uniti de msur (mat) decadic (number)/
decimal system
sistem zecimal de numeraie (mat) decadic (number)/ decimal system
sisteme biliniare (sisteme de comand neliniare care sunt liniare n variabilele de
stare i intrare tratate separat dar conin produse ale acestor variabile) (t sist)
bilinear control systems
sisteme ierarhice vagi/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy hierarchical systems

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sistemul de numeraie cu baza doi (arit) binary system of numbers
sistemul zecimal de numeraie (arit) decimal system; decadic (number) system
sizigie (alg) syzygy (pl. syzygies)
slab (alg, an, top, edp) weak; weakly
slbire (el, aut) attenuation
socoteal (st) dead reckoning
socoti (a) (an num) cast up; number
soft; software (ansamblu de programe, proceduri i reguli de folosire a unui
calculator; programe i operaii ce aparin unui calculator) (inf) software
soft care realizeaz compactarea datelor n timp real (inf) STACKER
soft de comand la distan (cu care poate fi rulat pe calculatorul propriu un
program de pe alt calculator) (inf) remote-control software
soft integrat (program rezident n memoria fix a sistemului cu microprocesor)
(inf) firmware
soft matematic (ansamblu de programe sau proceduri pentru rezolvarea unor
probleme numerice) (inf) mathematical software
software de sistem (totalitate a programelor cu care este echipat un sistem de
calcul) (inf) system software
solenoidal (an, alg) solenoidal
solicitare (mat, tg, mec) application; duty; force; loading
solid (mat) solid
soluie (mat) solution
soluie a unei ecuaii difereniale (e dif) solution of a differential equation
soluie aproximativ (edif, edp) approximate solution
soluie asimptotic stabil (t sist, e dif) asymptotically stable solution
soluie asimptotic (e dif) asymptotic solution
soluie calculat cu aproximaie (edif, edp) approximate solution
soluie fundamental (alg, e dif, edp) fundamental solution
soluie general (e dif) general solution
soluie n numere ntregi (aut) integral solution
soluie numeric (an num, inf) computational solution; numerical solution;
numerical calculations
soluie optim (t sist) optimum (pl.optima/ optimums)
soluie optimal (t sist, e dif) optimal solution
soluie particular (e dif) particular solution

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soluie slab (e dif) weak solution
soluie stabil (t sist, e dif) stable solution
soluie trivial/ banal trivial solution
soluie unic (edp, e dif) unique solution
soluie/ integral singular (a unei ecuaii difereniale) (edp, e dif) singular
solution
soluii liniar independente (e dif)linearly independent solutions
sondaj/ eantionare pe grupuri (naturale de uniti) (st) chunk sampling
sortan (numr maxim de pori care pot fi comandate de ieirea unei pori logice)
(inf) fan (-)out
sortare (rearanjare a unei structuri de date ntr-o anumit ordine) (inf, t g)
sorting; grading
sortiment (el, inf, tele, t g) range; brand
spaial; n spaiu (edp, geo, t sist, t g) spatial; special; three-dimensional (3-D)
spaio-temporal (edp) spatio-temporal
spaiu (geo, an, top, inf) space; separatrix
spaiu al deciziilor (st) decision space
spaiu al lui Riemann (geo) Riemannian space
spaiu al memoriei interne (locaii disponibile pentru memorarea informaiilor)
(inf) memory space
spaiu al strategiilor (t j) policy space
spaiuafin (geo) affine space
spaiucu conexiune afin (geo) affinely connected space
spaiu Banach (an) Banach space
spaiu ct (alg) decomposition space; factor/ quotient space
spaiu centroafin (geo) centred affine space
spaiu complet (top) complete space
spaiu conex (an, geo) connected space
spaiu cu dou dimensiuni (geo) two-dimensional space
spaiu de curbur constant (geo) space of constant curvature
spaiu de lucru (zon a memoriei care conine informaii generate dinamic n
timpul executrii unui program) (inf) work space
spaiu dual (an, mat) conjugate/ adjoint space; associated space
spaiu euclidian (an, geo) parabolic space; Euclidean space; Cartesian space
spaiu fibrat (top, geo) fibre bundle; fibre space; bundle

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spaiu fibrat vectorial (geo) vector bundle
spaiu gol (mat) blank
spaiu Hilbert; spaiu hilbertian (an) Hilbert space; complete inner product
space
spaiu intermediar (mat) intermediate space
spaiu liniar/ vectorial (alg, geo, an, top) vector space; linear space
spaiu metric (geo) metric space
spaiu metrizabil (geo) metrizable space
spaiu n-dimensional (an, geo) n-space
spaiu paracompact (top) paracompact space
spaiu prehilbertian (an) inner product space
spaiu proiectiv (geo) projective space
spaiu regulat (top) regular space
spaiu semilocal (an, edp) semi-local space
spaiu separat (an) Hausdorff space
spaiu simplu conex (an) simply connected space
spaiu topologic (top) topological space
spaiu tridimensional (geo) three-dimensional space
spaiu uniform (top) uniform space
spaiu uniform convex (geo, top) uniformly convex space
spaiu unitar (an) unitary space
spaiu util (t g) work space
spaiu vag/ fuzzy (t sist) fuzzy space
spaiu vectorial topologic (top) linear topological space
spaiu vectorial/ liniar normat (an) normed linear space
spaiul fazelor (t sist) phase space
spaiul seleciilor (st) sample space
spaiul strilor (t sist) state space
spaiul irurilor; spaiu de iruri (an) sequence space
spaiu-timp space-time
special particular; special
specialitate (t g) branch; field of study
specie; spe species (pl. species); kind
specific (t g) proper
specifica (a) specify

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specificare a informaiei de structur (inf) chaining
specificare (definire) a sistemului (sum a documentelor care definesc detaliat un
sistem informaional proiectat) (inf) system specification
specificaie (documentaie referitoare la cerinele impuse de un sistem informatic)
(inf) specification
specificaie sintactic (descriere a sintaxei unui limbaj de programare) (inf)
syntax specification
spectral (an, t pr, alg) spectral
spectru (an) spectrum (pl. spectra)
spectru al unei matrice (alg) spectrum of a matrix
spectru de band (el) band spectrum
speran matematic (t pr) mathematical expectation; expectation value;
universe means
spe kind
spinor (geo) spinor
spiral; spiral (geo) spiral
spirala lui Arhimede (geo) spiral of Archimedes; Archimedes spiral
spiral hiperbolic (geo) reciprocal spiral
spiral logaritmic (an) equiangular spiral; logarithmic spiral; logistic spiral
spirala lui Cornu (geo) spiral of Cornu; clothoid
spiral parabolic; spiral a lui Fermat (geo) parabolic spiral; Fermats spiral
spir (geo, inf) turn
sporire (el, tele) boost
spot (el, tele) spot
sprijini (a) (el, tele) boost; support
sprijinire (t g) bracing
stabil (alg, e dif, top, t pr, t sist, t g, edp, mec) stable; stabile; fast; steady
stabili (a) (t g) fix; establish; determine; discover; analyse; analyze
stabili (a) frontierele/ dimensiunile (mat) delineate
stabili (a) o legtur (n programare) (inf) link
stabili (a) printr-un raionament inductiv (l mat) induce
stabilire (mat, t g) determination; assignation
stabilit (t g) preset; determined
stabilitate (t sist, e dif) stability
stabilitate absolut (are loc cnd funcia de transfer are toi polii n semiplanul

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stng) (t sist) absolute stability
stabilitate asimptotic (t sist, e dif) asymptotic stability
stabilitate critic (t sist) stability limit
stabilitate dinamic (t sist) dynamic stability
stabilitate exponenial (descreterea exponenial la zero a normei diferenei
dintre starea sistemului i poziia de echilibru) (t sist) exponential stability
stabilitate extern (concept de stabilitate care caracterizeaz comportarea intrareieire a sistemului) (t sist) external stability
stabilitate intrare-ieire (proprietatea unor sisteme de a rspunde cu ieiri
mrginite la intrri mrginite) (t sist) input-output stability
stabilitate intrare-mrginit ieire-mrginit (proprietatea sistemelor de a
produce o ieire mrginit lao intrare mrginit) (t sist) bounded-input
bounded-output (BIBO) stability
stabilitate intrare-mrginit stare-mrginit (pentru orice intrare mrginit i
orice stare iniial a sistemului rezult o stare mrginit) (t sist) bounded-input
bounded-state (BIBS) stability
stabilitate (n sensul lui) Liapunov (e dif, t sist) Lyapunov stability
stabilitate local a sistemelor 2-D (t sist) localstability of 2-D systems
stabilitate proprie/ natural/ intrinsec (t sist) inherent stability
stabilitate robust (proprietate a unui sistem cu nedeterminri de a rmne stabil
pentru toate condiiile de operare ale variabilelor nedeterminate) (t sist) robust
stability
stabilitate robust a sistemelor liniare staionare (proprietate a unui sistem liniar
staionar cu nedeterminri de a avea toate rdcinile familiei de ecuaii
caracteristice cu parte real negativ) (t sist) robust stability of time-invariant
liniar systems
stabilitate static (t sist) steady-state stability
stabilitate uniform (t sist) uniform stability
stabilitatea sistemului de comand vag/ fuzzy (stabilitatea unui sistem de
comand vag care include un sistem i un controler vag) (t sist) fuzzy control
system stability
stabiliza (a) (a face stabil) (t sist, e dif, t g) stabilize; steady
stabilizabilitate (proprietatea unui sistem dinamic de a putea fi stabilizat prin
reacie dup stare; un sistem liniar staionar ( A, B) cu dim n este stabilizabil

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dac modurile instabile sunt controlabile, adic rangsI A

0
B n s C C )

(t sist) stabilizability
stabilizabilitate ptratic (proprietatea unui sistem dinamic de a putea fi stabilizat
cu reacie dup stare utiliznd o funcie Liapunov ptratic) (t sist) quadratic
stabilizability
stabilizare (meninere la valoare constant) (t sist, aut, inf, mat) stabilizing;
maintaining constant; equalization; regulation; stabilization
stabilizat (t sist) stabilized
standard (alg, geo, mec) standard; normal
standard de interfa pentru sisteme mici de calculatoare (inf) small computer
system interface (SCSI)
standardizare (iniializare) a unui suport (de date) (inf) support standardization
stare (mat, t g, t sist) amount; state
stare asimptotic stabil (t sist) asymptotically stable state
stare de ateptare (faz n timpul executrii unui program n care microprocesorul
ateapt ca memoria s rspund la cererile sale) (inf) wait state; waiting; standby, standby (SBY)
stare de avarie/ de defeciune/ de scurtcircuit (t g) fault condition
stare de echilibru (t sist, e dif, mec, t g) equilibrium state; balanced state
stare de echilibru global asimptotic stabil (t sist) globally asymptotically
stable state
stare de regim staionar/ permanent (t sist) steady/ stationary state
stare de repaus (mec, t g) non-operative; position of rest/ of repose; steady
position; quiescent condition
stare final (t sist) terminal state; final state
stare instabil (t sist) unstable state
stare intermediar/ tranzitorie/ compus/ nestaionar (t sist, t g) intermediate
stage; non-steady state; unsteady state; non-stationary state
stare stabil (t sist) convergent state; stable state
stare staionar/ de regim staionar (permanent) (t sist, t g) stationary state
stare uniform asimptotic stabil (starea de echilibru a unui sistem dinamic care
este uniform stabil i asimptotic stabil) (t sist) uniformly asymptotically stable
state
stare uniform stabil (starea de echilibru x e a sistemului dinamic x (t ) f (t , x(t ))

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este uniform stabil dac 0, t 0 0 , ( ) 0 astfel nct x(t 0 ) xe ( )
implic x(t ) xe , t t 0 ) (t sist) uniformly stable state
stare unu (la circuite binare) (el) one state
stare zero; stare 0 (la circuite binare) (t sist, el) zero-state; 0-state
static (t sist, inf, mec) static (al)
statistic (st) statistic (al)
statistic (st) statistic (pl. statistics)
statistic biologic (st) biostatistics
statistic exhaustiv (st) sufficient statistics
statistic/ repartiie

2 (st) chi-square statistic

staie de lucru (grafic) (inf) work-station


staie/ consol de interogare (inf) inquiry station
staionar (alg, e dif, top, t pr, t sist, edp, inf, mec, geo) stable; stabile; fixed;
standing; stationary state;
staionaritate (t sist) stationarity; time invariance
stng left
stea (mat) star
stea de drepte (geo) bundle of straight lines
stea de plane (geo) star of planes
stea/ fascicul de drepte (geo) sheaf of lines
stea/ fascicul de plane (geo) sheaf of planes; bundle of planes
stelat (alg, geo, top) star
steradian (geo) steradian; spheridian
stereografic (geo) stereographic
stiv (zon a memoriei alocat pentru stocare temporar; serie ordonat de date cu
acces numai la ultima) (inf) stack
stoc (mat, t g) amount
stocare a informaiei ntr-o memorie (inf) storage, memory
stocastic (st) stochastic
strange (a) (mat) narrow down
strat de acoperire (el, tele) coat
strat izolant (el) lagging
strat limit (t sist, mat) boundary layer

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strat sferic (geo) hollow sphere
strategic (t j) strategic (al)
strategie (t j) strategy
strategie optimal (t sist, t j) optimal strategy
stratificare (top, geo) fibre bundle
strpunge (a) (tg) burn out
strmb (geo) twisted, torse
strmt narrow
strns (an, inf, t graf) strong; close
strict strict
strict cresctor (an) strictly increasing
strict descresctor (an) strictly decreasing
strict posibil (mat) frank; open
striciune striction
strofoid (geo) strophoid
strofoid dreapt (geo) right strophoid
structur (geo, alg, inf, top, t sist, t g) structure; lattice; composition; state
structur a cuvntului de informaie (inf) information word format
structur compact close-packed structure
structur de date (inf) list
structur de executare a unui program (inf) sequence
structur foliat foliated structure
structur modular (a unui program sau a unui echipament de calcul organizat
pe baza unor uniti de program sau de prelucrare) (inf) modular structure
structur/ construcie/ proiectare a schemei (el) circuit design
structural structural
studia (a) analyse; analyze; study
studiu study
studiu global al sistemelor (t sist) systems approach
studiul stabilitii (t sist, e dif) stability analysis
subaditiv (an) subadditive
subalgebr (alg) subalgebra
subansamblu (t g) building block
subarmonic (an) subharmonic
sub-bloc blockette

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subcategorie (alg) subcategory
subclas (l mat, t mul) subclass
subcomplex (top) subcomplex
subcorp (alg) subfield
subdirector (intrare a unui director care poate conine alte fiiere i subdirectoare)
(inf) subdirectory
subdivide (a) (an) subdivide
subdiviza (a) (geo, an) section
subdiviziune (an) subdivision
subdomeniu (an) subdomain; subregion
subfamilie (alg, geo) subfamily
subgraf (t graf) subgraph
subgrup (alg) subgroup
subgrup fr divizor normal (alg) non-normal subgroup
subgrup fundamental (alg) basic subgroup
subgrup invariant (alg) non-normal subgroup; normal subgroup
subgrup unitar (alg) identity subgroup
subiacent subjacent; underlying
subiect. (l mat, st) subject; topic
subinel (alg) subring
subinterval (an) subinterval
submpri (a) (an) subdivide
submprire (an) subdivision
subntinde (a) (geo) subtend
sublatice (alg) sublattice
sublinia (a) (inf) underline; underscore
submatrice (alg) submatrix
submodul (alg) submodule
submulime (t mul) subset
submulime proprie (t mul) proper subset
submultiplu (arit) submultiple
subnormal; subnormal (alg, st, geo) subnormal
subprogram (set de instruciuni destinate ndeplinirii unei anumite aciuni) (inf)
subprogram (me); subroutine; routine
anumite aciuni) (inf) subprogram (me); subroutine; routine

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subprogram de bibliotec (inf) library routine
subprogram de constituire a punctelor de reluare (inf) checkpoint recovery
routine
subprogram de constituire a unui fiier (inf) file building routine
subprogram de control (inf) checkingsubroutine
subprogram de editare/ redactare/ aranjare (inf) editor routine
subprogram de gestiune/ de comand (inf) control routine; controlled element
subprogram de intrare-ieire (destinat efecturii transferurilor de intrare-ieire)
(inf) input-output routine
subprogram de prelucrare a erorilor (inf) error-handling routine
subprogram de restabilire dup corectarea erorilor (inf) error recovery routine
subprogram de serviciu/ de iniializare (inf) housekeeping routine
subprogram deschis (inf) in-line subroutine
subprogram destinat s simplifice operaiile executate de un calculator (inf)
utility routine
subprogram nchis/ cuplat (inf) closed subroutine
subrutin (inf) subprogram (me); subroutine
subrutin nchis/ cuplat ()/ nlnuit () (inf) linked subroutine
subrutin matematic (subprogram n care intrrile i ieirile sunt legate prin
funcii matematice bine definite) (inf) mathematicalsubroutine
subsecvent (care urmeaz dup; urmtor) (l mat, an) subsequent
subir (an) subsequence; partial sequence
subir al unui program-surs (inf) token
subsistem (t sist, l mat, alg) subsystem
subspaiu (an, alg, geo, top) subspace
substan (t g) compound
substitui (a) substitute
substituire; substituie (alg, geo, mat) substitution; exchange
substrat al unui circuit integrat (el) chip
subtangent (geo) subtangent
subtangent i subnormal (geo) intercepts of tangency
subvarietate (an, geo) submanifold; subvariety
succeda (a) (a urma dup) succeed
succes (st) success
succesiune (t sist, aut, inf) order; succession

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succesiune de cifre binare corespunztoare unui simbol al alfabetului utilizat
(inf, an, alg) character
succesiune de date (inf) sequence
succesiune de operaii n executarea unei instruciuni-main (inf) instruction
cycle
succesiv (e dif, mat, t g) successive; consecutive; serial
succesiv n linie (el) in-line
succesor (al unui numr ntreg) (mat, an) consequent; follower; imitator
succesor (element pentru conducerea informaiei urmtoare) (inf) successor
suficient sufficient
suficient (a fi) suffice
sufix (inf) suffix
suit (inf) stream
suit de microinstruciuni care constituie o instruciune n cod main (inf)
microprogram (me)
suma unei serii (an) sum of an infinite series
suma (a) (arit, t graf, inf, mat) sum; add
sumabil (an, e dif) integrable; summable
sumabilitate (an) summability; integrability
sumand (termen al unei adunri/ sume) (mat, alg) summand; addend
sumar summary
sumare (inf, an) summation; summing
sumarea unei serii (an) summation of series
sumator (analogic) (t sist, aut, inf, tele) summer; summation instrument; register;
adder; summator; summing
sumator analogic (el, t sist) analogue adder
sumator binar (el, inf, t sist) binary adder; binary digit adder
sumator care folosete legile lui Kirchhoff (inf) Kirchhoff adder
sumator complet (cu trei intrri) (el, t sist) full (y) adder
sumator liniar (de cifre binare) (el, inf, t sist) binary adder; binary digit adder
sumator-scztor (t sist, inf) adder subtracter
sum (t graf, arit, inf, mat, t g) sum; total; addition; amount
sum Boole/ logic (l mat) logic sum
sum de ptrate (alg) sum of squares
sum direct (alg) direct sum

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sum integral (an) integral sum
sum parial (arit, an) partial sum
sumriemannian (an) integral sum
sunet de avertizare (produs de un calculator n cazul apariiei unei erori sau al
unei avertizri) (inf) warning beep
supap (t g) valve
supap de control (aut) check valve
supap de nchidere (t g, aut) check stop valve
supap de reducere a presiunii (t g) expansion valve
supap de reglare a contrapresiunii (t g) back-pressure regulating valve
supap regulatoare (aut) governor
supap de reinere (t g) back-pressure valve
superclas (la programarea orientat pe obiecte) (inf) superclass
superior (mat, geo, inf) superior; top; uppermost; upper; high
superior semi-continuu (an) upper semi-continuous
superopozabil (geo) superposable
superperforaie (inf) zone punch/ punching
superpozabil (geo) applicable
superpoziie (t g) overlapping
superprogram (inf) executive program (me)
superscript (modalitate de imprimare a caracterelor n jumtatea superioar a unei
linii normale de tiprire) (inf) superscript
superserver (calculator care mrete capacitatea unei reele fr a-i mri
complexitatea) (inf) superserver
supervizor (component a monitorului care realizeaz o serie de funcii; persoan
care gestioneaz ntreaga activitate a unei reele de calculatoare) (inf) supervisor
supervizor al reelei (persoan care gestioneaz ntreaga activitate a unei reele de
calculatoare avnd acces la toate resursele acesteia) (inf) network supervisor
suplement (al unui unghi) (geo) supplement
suplimentar (geo, alg) supplemental; supplementary
suplimentar (t g) redundant
suport (el, tele, inf, t g) mount; medium; brace; carrier; support
suport de nfurare (la un poteniometru) (el) card
suport de informaii montat pe un periferic (inf) volume
suport de informaii (inf) data carrier

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suport de memorare (de informaii) (inf) media
suporta (a) (inf) carry; support
suportul unei distribuii (an) support of distribution
suportul unei funcii (an) support of function
suportul unei funcii de baz test (an) support of test function
supraarmonic (an) superharmonic
supracorp (alg) overfield; superfield
supracretere (aut, tele) overshoot
suprafa (a unui corp) (alg, geo, mat, inf) surface; level
suprafa a crei arie poate fi determinat (geo) squarable surface
suprafa a unei intersecii (geo) surface of section
suprafa canal (geo) canal surface
suprafa care mrginete un solid (geo) periphery
suprafa cilindric (geo) cylinder
suprafa conoidal (geo) conoidal surface
suprafa cu dou fee (geo) two-sided surface
suprafa cu o singur fa (geo) surface of one side; unilateral surface
suprafa de coordonate (geo) coordinate surface
suprafa de nivel (an) level surface
suprafa de reazem (t g) bearing area
suprafa de rotaie (geo) surface of revolution; surface of rotation
suprafa de separaie (tele) boundary surface
suprafa de translaie (geo) translation surface
suprafa de und (edp, mec) wave surface
suprafa decompozabil (geo) reducible surface
suprafa desfurabil (geo) developable surface; torse
suprafa desfurat a unui solid (alg, top) lattice
suprafa echipotenial/ de nivel (geo) equipotential surface
suprafa elicoidal (t g) helix (pl. helices); helical line
suprafa lateral (geo) lateral surface
suprafa limit (mat) boundary surface
suprafaa lui Klein (geo) Klein bottle
suprafa minim (geo, an) minimal surface
suprafa nedegenerat de gradul al doilea (geo) conicoid
suprafa neted (geo) smooth surface

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suprafa piramidal (geo) pyramidal surface
suprafa plan (geo) flat surface; plane surface; plane
suprafa portant (t g) bearing area
suprafa prismatic (geo) prismatic surface
suprafa Riemann (an) Riemann surface
suprafa riglat (geo) ruled surface
suprafa riglat desfurabil (geo) single-curved surface
suprafa riglat nedesfurabil (geo) warped surface
suprafa sferic (suprafa cu curbura total constant i pozitiv) (geo)
spherical surface; sphere
suprafa spiral (geo) spiral surface
suprafa superioar (geo, inf) top
suprafa transcendent (geo) transcendental surface
suprafa/ varietate de ordinul al cincilea (alg, geo) quintic
suprafee izometrice/ aplicabile una pe alta (geo) applicable surfaces
suprainel (alg) overring
supramodulaie (aut, tele) overshoot
supramulime (t mul) set including aset; set comprehending a set; superset
supraoscila (a) (aut, tele) overshoot
supraoscilaie (amplitudine de) (aut, tele) overshoot
supraosculaie (tangen de ordin superior) (geo) superosculation
supraosculator (geo) superosculating
suprapune (a) (tele) overlap; take; superpose; superimpose
suprapunere (t g) overlapping; superposition; superimposition
suprapunere a memoriei (reutilizare a aceleiai zone a memoriei interne n diferite
faze ale unui program) (inf) memory overlay
suprareacie (t sist, aut) superregeneration; superretroaction
suprareglare (aut, tele) overshoot
suprasarcin (timp consumat de un sistem de calcul pentru operaii neproductive)
(inf) overhead
supraveghetor (t g) supervisor
supremum (an) supremum (pl. suprema); least upper bound (l.u.b.)
suprima (a) (mat) cancel
suprimare (t g) cancellation
suprimare a fasciculului (tele) black-out

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suprimare (eliminare) a zerourilor (la calculatoare) (inf) zero suppress/
suppression
supune (a) (l mat) subject
surjecie (an) surjection
surplus de comunicare (de semnale pentru transmiterea unei anumite cantiti de
informaie) (inf) redundance; redundancy
sursa erorii (an num) source of error
surs (a unei reele de transport) (edp, an, t graf) source
surs negativ (t graf, an) sink
suspenda (a) (t g) hang up
suspendare temporar a executrii unei sarcini (inf) task suspension
susine (a) (un proiect, o propunere etc.) (inf, mat) underlie; assert; support
susinere (t g) maintenance

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a (e dif, an, t pr, alg) saddle


ablon (t g, t sist) pattern; model
ablon (zon a memoriei) (inf) template
ir (suit ordonat de date accesibil numai prin primul element) (mat, t sist, t g, st,
an, inf) array; line; order; sequence; succession
ir aleatoriu (st) random sequence
ir Cauchy/ fundamental (an) Cauchy sequence; fundamental sequence; regular
sequence
ir cresctor (an) increasing sequence
ir cu cretere monoton/ monoton cresctor (an) monotonically increasing
sequence
ir de ateptare (c op) queue; waiting line
ir de funcii (e dif, edp) system of functions
ir de instruciuni codificate (inf) coding
ir de lungime maxim (ir binar de perioad maxim generat de un registru de
deplasare) (inf, t sist) maximal length sequence; m-sequence
ir de numere; ir numeric (an) sequence of numbers
ir descresctor (an) decreasing sequence
ir minimizant (an) minimizing sequence
ir recurent (an) recurrent sequence
oc (tele, t g) burst; beat
techer (el) connector
terge (a) (inf, t g) erase; efface; delete
terge (a) (o memorie) (mat) cancel
terge (a) (ecranul, registrul) clear
terge (a se) cancel out
tergere (a coninutului memoriei; a unui fiier) (inf, aut) extinction; scratch;
clearing; reset
tergere a descriptorului unei sarcini (inf) task destruction
tergere a unei imprimri (tele) cancellation
tergere/ anulare instantanee (inf) instantaneous reset
tiin knowledge
unta (a) bridge

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tabel (mat, t sist, t g, st) array; chart
tabel (matrice) de adevr (l mat, inf) truth table
tabel de decizie (inf, mat) decision table
tabel de etichete n memorie (inf) symbolic reference table
tabel de reprezentare a unei funcii logice binare (l mat, inf) truth table
tabel de simboluri (n care sunt memorai identificatorii folosii ntr-un program
sau n timpul translatrii) (inf) symbol table
tabela (a) (a prezenta n form tabelar) (inf) tabulate
tabel () (arit, alg, an, inf) table
tabel de calcul calculation table
tabel de control check list
tabel de fiiere (inf) file table
tabel de mortalitate/ de via (st) life table
tabla nmulirii (arit) multiplication table
tabl (arit, alg, an, inf) table
tablet (dispozitiv periferic pentru introducerea manual a imaginilor grafice) (inf)
tablet
tablou (arit, alg, an, inf, mat, t sist, t g, st) table; array; board
tablou unic de circuite de calculator asamblate logic (inf) single in-line package
(SIP)
tabulare (inf) tabbing; tabulation
tabulator (inf) tabulator; tabulating machine
tacnod (geo) tacnode
tahimetrie (metod de msurare a distanelor) (t g) tachymetry
tbli cu datele tehnice principale (inf) data plate
tia (a) (an, geo, mec) cut; slit
tiere a unui cuvnt (inf, t sist) hyphenation
tietur (an, geo, mec) cut; section; cross-cut; slit
tietur (Dedekind) (edp, an) separation
tangent (a fi) (geo) touch; tangent
tangent (geo) tangent
tangent hiperbolic (an) hyperbolic tangent
tangent ntr-un punct staionar (geo) stationary tangent
tangent la o curb (geo) tangent to a curve; tangent line
tangent la traiectorie (geo) tangential path

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tangent la un cerc (geo) tangent to a circle
tangent la vrf (geo) vertex tangent
tangentoid (an) tangentoid; tangent curve
tangen (geo, an) tangency; contact; touch
tangenial (geo) tangential
tare (an, inf, t graf, t g) strong; fast
tare conex (t mul, t graf) strongly connected
tastatur (aut, inf) keyboard
tastatur la distan conectat n paralel (inf) companion keyboard
tast (el) knob
tast care efectueaz saltul cursorului la nceput de linie/ pagin/ document (la
calculatoare personale, procesoare de text) (inf) Home, HOME
tast care execut saltul cursorului la sfrit (de linie, pagin, document)
(la calculatoare personale,
procesoare de text) (inf) End
tast care stabilete modul de lucru (la introducerea de noi caractere, n editarea
de texte) (la calculatoare personale) (inf) Insert
tast de emisiune rapid (tele) bug
tast de execuie a comenzii sau de ncheiere a liniei curente i de trecere la
rndul urmtor (la introducerea de text) (la calculatoare personale, procesoare de
text, maini de scris electronice) (inf) Enter
tast de tergere a caracterului de pe poziia curent a cursorului (la calculatoarele
personale) (inf) Delete
tast majuscul (la tastatura calculatoarelor personale) (inf) Shift key
tast programabil (care genereaz un cod ce poate fi utilizat de un alt
echipament) (inf) programmable key
tautocron; tautocron (geo, mec) tautochrone
tautologie (expresie care este adevrat n orice interpretare n cadrul unui sistem
formal) (l mat) tautology
teanc de cartele (inf) card jam
tehnica celor mai mici ptrate (an num) technique of least squares
tehnica reglrii automate/ automatizrii (comenzii i reglrii automate) (aut, t
sist) automatic control engineering
tehnic (tehnologie) (t g) technics; technique
tehnic bootstrap (de implementare a unui program prin etape succesive) (inf)

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bootstrapping
tehnic de planificare i control pentru conducere integrat (inf)
integratedmanagement planning and control technique (IMPACT)
tehnici de codificare (metode de exprimare a unui algoritm ntr-un limbaj de
programare) (inf) coding techniques
tehnici de programare (inf) program (m)ing techniques
tehnici de simulare (tehnici aplicate n rezolvarea unor probleme pentru care nu
exist soluii analitice) (inf) simulation techniques
tehnologie beam-lead (cu conductoare ncastrate la un capt i libere la cellalt,
folosit n fabricarea semiconductoarelor) (el) beam-lead technology
tehnoredactare computerizat (pentru tiprirea de materiale cu caracter
profesional: cri, ziare, reviste etc.) desk-top-publishing (DTP)
telecomand (aut, tele, t sist) teletype control; remote control (r.c., REMCON)
telecomand (comand de la distan a unui calculator) (inf) computer remote
control
telecomutare (aut) teleswitching
telecontrol (aut, tele) teletype control
teleghidare (t sist, aut, tele) remote control (r.c., REMCON)
telenregistrare (inf) telerecording
teleprelucrare (prelucrare a datelor la distan fa de locul n care au fost
generate) (inf) teleprocessing
telereglaj (t sist, aut, tele) remote control (r.c., REMCON); teleadjusting
tem (inf) task; topic
temporar temporary
temporiza (a) (t sist) retard
temporizare (aciune de) (t sist, t g) delay action; time-lag (time-limit) delayed
action; time delay; delay
temporizator (aut, el) timer
tendin (mat) bearing
tensionare (t g) burst
tensiune (edp, t graf, mec) tension; voltage; stress
tensiune anodic (tele) high voltage
tensiune continu (el) direct voltage; d.c. voltage
tensiune contraelectromotoare (el) back electromotive force
tensiune de blocare (el) black-out voltage

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tensiune de comand (el) cue voltage
tensiune de excitaie (aut) excitation drive
tensiune de ncrcare/ de comand (el) charging voltage
tensiune de reaprindere/ de aprindere invers (tele) restriking voltage
tensiune nalt (el) high voltage
tensiune invers de gril (el) backlash voltage
tensiune invers/ de blocare back bias; backing-off voltage
tensiune la bornele circuitului (el) circuit voltage
tensiune la limita de band (el) boundary emission
tensiune magnetomotoare (el) circulation
tensiune tranzitorie de restabilire (aut) restriking voltage
tensor (geo) tensor; tensorial
tensor antisimetric (geo) antisymmetric tensor; skew-symmetric tensor
tensor contravariant (geo, an) contravariant tensor
tensor covariant (geo, an) covariant tensor
tensor de curbur (geo) curvature tensor
tensor de ordinul al doilea (an) tensor of the second rank
tensor de ordinul zero (an) scalar quantity
tensor fundamental (geo) fundamental tensor
tensor mixt (geo) mixed tensor
tensor simetric (geo) symmetric tensor
tensorul deformaiilor (mec) strain tensor; tensor of strain
tensorul metric (geo) metric tensor
teoremaCayley-Hamilton (alg) Cayley-Hamilton theorem
teorema amplificrii mici (condiie suficient pentru stabilitatea robust a unui
sistem n bucl nchis) (t sist) small gain theorem
teorema de asemnare/ schimbare a scalei timpului (an, t sist) change-of-scale
theorem
teorema de compunere pentru
variabile aleatorii cu repartiie
normal (t pr) normal addition theorem
teorema ergodic (t pr) ergodic theorem
teorema mpririi polinoamelor prin (x-a) (alg) factor theorem
teorema limit central (t pr) central limit theorem
teorema lui Bzout (alg) Bzouts theorem; remainder theorem

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teorema lui Lagrange (an) Lagrange's theorem
teorema lui Liouville (an) Liouvilles theorem
teorema lui Parseval (relaie dintre energia semnalelor din domeniul timp f (x) i
cea a semnalelor din domeniul frecven F ( ) ,

f1 ( x) f 2 ( x)dx

1
2

F ( ) F ( )d
1

(an) Parseval's theorem


teorema mediei (an) law of the mean
teorema reziduurilor (an) residue theorem
teorema sinusurilor (geo) sine formulae; sine rule
teorema tangentelor (geo) law of tangents
teorem (noiune fundamental) (mat) theorem; fundamental principle; abstract
doctrine; law; proposition
teorem de existen (mat) existence theorem
teorem de punct fix (an) fixed-point theorem
teorem de scufundare (an) embedding theorem
teorem de unicitate (alg, e dif, edp, an) uniqueness theorem
teorem dual (mat) reciprocal theorem
teorem reciproc (mat) reciprocal theorem; converse
teorianumerelor (t num) higher arithmetic
teoria ateptrii/ firelor de ateptare (c op) queueing theory; theory of queues/
of congestion/ of waiting lines
teoria ateptrii/ irurilor de ateptare (c op, inf) waiting theory
teoria automatelor (aut, inf) automata theory
teoria calculabilitii funciilor i procedurilor (ca modele ale programelor) (inf)
theory of computation
teoria circuitelor de comutaie (inf, alg) switching theory
teoria deciziilor (inf) decision theory
teoria eantionrii (st) sampling theory
teoria fenomenelor de ateptare (c op) theory of queues/ of congestion/ of
waiting lines
teoria grafurilor (t graf) graph theory
teoria idealelor (alg) ideal theory
teoria informaiei (inf) information theory
teoria invarianilor (geo) invariant theory

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teoria jocurilor (t j) games theory
teoria mulimilor (t mul) set theory
teoria numerelor number theory
teoria perturbaiilor (t sist, aut) disturbation theory; perturbation theory
teoria potenialului (edp) potential theory
teoria relativitii (mec) relativity theory
teoria restrns a relativitii (mec) restricted theory of relativity; special
relativity
teoria seciunilor conice (geo) conics
teoria sistemelor (t sist) system theory
teorie spectral (an) spectral theory
termen (arit, alg, l mat, an) term; component; constituent; time
termen al unei adunri/ sume (mat) augend
termen al unei expresii (alg) term of an expression
termen al unei proporii (arit) proportional
termen al unei serii (an) term of series
termen al unei sume (adunri) (alg) summand; addend
termen al unui ir (an) term of sequence
termen cu termen (an, an num) termwise; term by term
termen extrem (al unei proporii) extreme
termen general (mat) general term; average term
termen mediu (t pr, t g, mat) mean; middle
termen utilizat pentru identificarea unui articol (inf) name
termen/ cuvnt/ fraz utilizat () la identificarea unei concepii sau idei
descriptor
termeni asemenea (alg) like terms; similar terms
termeni asemenea ai unei ecuaii (alg) similar terms of an equation
terminal (echipament destinat comunicrii ntre utilizatori sistemul de calcul)
(inf) terminal
terminal de date mobil (inf) mobile data terminal (MDT)
terminal de interogare (al unui calculator) (inf) inquiry station
terminal inteligent (n care datele de pe calculatorul gazd pot fi introduse i
procesate) (inf) work-station
terminal pentru transmiterea datelor (inf) data transmitter
terminal portabil (cu o tastatur i un dispozitiv de afiare/ nregistrare) (inf)

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portable terminal
terminare (t g) end; decision; termination
terminare a unui program nainte de timpul prevzut (inf) underrun
terminaie (a unui circuit) (el, t g) terminating; ending; termination
ternar ternary
test (st, an num, inf) test
test pentru msurarea vitezei de calcul (inf) whetstone
testa (a) (st, an num, inf) test
testa (a) o legtur de comunicaii sau un canal de intrare-ieire (inf) scan
testare a claselor (n limbajul COBOL) (inf) class test
testare simbolic (testare a programelor prin utilizarea execuiei simbolice) (inf)
symbolic testing
testul lui Neumann (st) smooth test
tetracuspidal (cu patru puncte de ntoarcere) (geo) tetracuspid
tetraedric (geo, top) tetrahedral
tetraedru (geo) tetrahedron (pl. tetrahedra); triangular pyramid
tetraedru autopolar (geo) self-polar tetrahedron
tez (dizertaie) thesis (pl. theses)
tichet (inf) vouchee; voucher
timp (an, t g) period (per.); time; duration
timp (durat) de stabilire (tele) build-up time
timp consumat de un sistem de calcul pentru operaii neproductive (inf)
overhead
timp de acces (inf) read-out time
timp de acces n memorie (inf) store access time
timp de amorsare a oscilaiilor (el, aut) building-up time
timp de ateptare (perioad ntre intrarea unei cereri ntr-un ir de ateptare i
nceperea servirii acesteia) (c op, inf) waiting time; latency
timp de blocare (tele) hangover time
timp de comutare (timp necesar pentru salvarea programului curent i lansarea
unui alt program) (inf) switching time
timp de funcionare/ de munc (t g) lifetime
timp de integrare (aut) reset time
timp de intrare n regim permanent (aut) setting time
timp de ncrcare (a unui program n memoria calculatorului) (inf) loading time

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timp de ntrziere (t sist) delay time
timp de ntrerupere (aut) down-time
timp de lucru/ de funcionare/ de exploatare (t g) operation period
timp de nefuncionare/ de funcionare incorect (inf) down-time
timp de postaciune (aut) hangover time
timp de rspuns/ de reacie/ de reglare (t sist, aut, el) response time; settling
time
timp de regenerare/ de restabilire/ de ntrziere (aut, el) recovery time
timp de reglaj (aut) setting time
timp de servire (timp necesar unei uniti de servire pentru satisfacerea complet
a unei cereri) (c op, inf) service time
timp disponibil de exploatare a unei maini/ a unui calculator (inf) machineavailable time
timp inactiv (aut) idle time
timp mediu necesar tranzitrii semnalului printr-un sistem (inf, t sist) average
propagation delay (APD)
timp necesar executrii unei instruciuni main (inf) instruction cycle
timp real (referitor la un sistem de prelucrare prin care rezultatele sunt obinute
simultan cu evenimentul care a generat datele de intrare) (t j) real time
tinde (a) tend
tinde (a) la infinit (an) tend to infinity
tinde (a) spre zero (alg, an) vanish
tip de date (mulime de date unitare din punctul de vedere al informaiei
reprezentate) (inf) data type
tip de ordine (an) order type
tip primitiv de date (existent ntr-un limbaj de programare) (inf) primitive data
type
tiprire la imprimant a tuturor poziiilor din memorie modificate dup
tiprirea anterioar (inf) change dump
tiristor (format din mai multe discuri) (el) cluster
titlu al unui listing (inf) header
toleran (mec) allowance; tolerance; gap
toleran (n programare) (inf, el) limit
topologia convergenei simple (top) simple convergence topology
topologic (top) topological

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topologie (top) analysis situs; topology
topologie a unei reele (aranjament al nodurilor i al circuitelor unei reele de
comunicaii) (inf, tele) network architecture
topologie inductiv (top) relative topology
topologie slab (top) weak topology
topologie tare (top) strong topology
tor (geo) torus (pl. tori); anchor ring; torus ring; tore; ring surface
toroid; toroid (geo) toroid
toroidal (geo, top, edp) toroidal; torus (-shaped)
torsiune (geo, alg) skewness; torsion; second curvature
torsiune geodezic (geo) geodesic torsion
torsiunea unei curbe (geo) torsion of a curve
tot sau nimic (el, aut) on-off
total (t graf, arit, inf, mat, t g, an, e dif) sum; amount; total; totally; full; exact
totalitate a informaiilor furnizate de un calculator pentru comanda unei mainiunelte (inf) explicit data
totalitate a punctelor de acumulare ale unei mulimi care aparin mulimii
respective (mat) coherence; coherency
totaliza (a) (arit, inf) total; sum up
totalizator (inf, t sist, tele) register
traciune (edp, t graf, mec) tension
tractrice (geo) tractrix (pl. tractrices); tractory; tractrix curve
traductor (aut, tele) translator
traduce (a) (geo, inf) translate
traducere (a formei de reprezentare a informaiei) (inf, geo, mec) conversion;
translation
traducere a limbajului (dintr-un limbaj surs ntr-un limbaj obiect) (inf)
language translation
traducere a unui program surs ntr-un alt program (inf) code generation
traducere cu calculatorul (inf) machine translation
traducere/ translatare a unui program surs ntr-un program obiect (inf)
compiling
traductor (el, aut) transducer; sensing device/ element
traductor de cod (inf) coder; encoder
traductor de proximitate (aut) sensor

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traductor electropneumatic (aut) electropneumatic converter/ transducer
traductor selectiv/ separator de impulsuri (el) amplitude gate
traductor/ convertor unidirecional (aut, el) unidirectional transducer (UDT)
traductor/ generator de impulsuri (aut, tele) impulse generator
traiectorie (aut, mat, t sist, e dif) trace; trajectory
traiectorii izogonale (e dif) isogonal trajectories
traiectorii ortogonale (e dif) orthogonal trajectories
transcendent (alg) transcendental
transcenden (alg) transcendence; transcendency
transfer (al unei cifre, n operaiile aritmetice) (mat, aut, t sist, inf) carry-over;
transfer (trans.); carry; assignation; transition
transfer al datelor ntre dou locaii prin radio sau telefon (inf) transmission
transfer al parametrilor (asociere i transfer al valorilor ntre parametrii formali i
cei actuali ai unei proceduri) (inf) parameter transfer
transfer (transport) al zecilor (la calculatoare) (inf) ten's carry (transfer)
transfer accelerat n serie (n cascad) (inf) serial carry
transfer comandat separat (inf) separately instruction carry
transfer de informaii (inf) communication
transfer ntrziat (al datelor) (inf) delayed carry
transfer ntre memorii (inf) swapping
transfer serial (al elementelor de informaie spre calculator) (inf) serial transfer
transfera (a) (un termen dintr-o parte a unei egaliti n cealalt; din memoria
intern n cea extern; pe un suport extern) (inf) transfer (trans.); write
transfera (a) informaia dintr-o locaie a memoriei n alta (inf) transmit
transferare a informaiei dintr-un fiier n altul (inf) file copying
transfinit (an, l mat) transfinite
transforma (a) (an, alg, geo) transform; modify; reduce; take
transforma (a se) n change over into
transformare (a formei de reprezentare a informaiei) (inf, an, alg) conversion;
alteration; transformation; change over
transformare (a unei fracii ordinare) (mat, mec) reduction; modification;
processing
transformareafin (geo) affinity
transformare 2-D separabil (transformare 2-D care se poate realiza ca o serie de
dou transformri 1-D) (t sist, an) separable 2-D transform

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transformare a variabilei aleatoare (st) variate transformation
transformare autoadjunct (alg) self-adjoint transformation; Hermitian
transformation
transformare canonic (e dif, mec) canonical transformation
transformare care pune n coresponden suprafee sferice (geo) homography
in space
transformare conform. (an) conformal map (ping); angle-preserving map
transformare de coordonate (geo) transformation of coordinates; change of
coordinates
transformare discret Laplace (t sist, an num) discrete Laplace transform (ation)
transformare echiafin (geo) equiaffinity
transformare fereastr-vizor (de vizualizare) (transformare care pune n
coresponden marginile i coninutul unei ferestre cu cele ale unui vizor pe
ecranul calculatorului) (inf) window-viewport/ viewing transformation
transformare identic (mat) identity
transformare invers (mat) inverse transformation; inversion; reciprocal
transformation
transformare liniar (alg, an) linear mapping
transformare Lorentz (mat) Lorentz transformation
transformare n-D separabil (transformare n-D care se poate realiza ca o serie de n
transformri 1-D) (t sist, an) separable n-D transform
transformare omologic (t op) homology transformation
transformare omotetic (geo) homothetic transformation; homothety
transformare perspectiv (transformare matriceal care reprezint proiecia
perspectival a imaginilor 3-D n imagini 2-D) (t sist, alg) perspective
transformation
transformare punctual care pstreaz/ las invariant msura (an) measurepreserving point transformation
transformare singular (alg) singular transformation
transformare Z (t sist, an num) discrete Laplace transform (ation)
transformarea Fourier (an) Fourier transformation
transformarea Fourier bidimensional (an, t sist) two-dimensional Fourier
transform
transformarea Fourier invers (an) inverse Fourier transform
transformarea Fourier rapid (t sist, an) fast Fourier transform (FFT)

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transformarea Gabor (an) Gabor transform
transformarea Givens (transformarea unei matrice ntr-o form triunghiular)
(alg) Givens transformation
transformarea Haar (t sist) Haar transform
transformarea Hadamard (an) Hadamard transform
transformarea imaginilor (conversia unei imagini din domeniul spaial n alt
domeniu utiliznd transformri integrale Fourier, Laplace etc.- sau discrete Z)
(inf) image transform
transformarea Laplace (an, edp, e dif) Laplace transformation
transformarea Laplace bidimensional (definit de
F ( s1 , s 2 )
f (t1 , t 2 ) exp( t1 s1 t 2 s 2 )dt1dt 2 ) (an, t sist) two-dimensional

R2

Laplace transform
transformarea Laplace bilater (an) bilateralLaplace transform
transformarea Laplace invers (an) inverse Laplace transform
transformarea Mellin (funcia FM ( s)

f (t )t

s 1

dt asociat unei funcii original

f (t ), t 0 ) (an) Mellin transform

transformarea prin cosinus discret (an) discrete cosine transform (DCT)


transformarea prin sinus discret (t sist) discrete sine transform (DST)
transformarea undin (pentru o funcie x(t ) este funcia

x ( a, b)

x(t ) (

t b
)dt , unde este o funcie baz i a, b R ) (an, t sist)
a

wavelet transform
transformarea Walsh-Hadamard (transformare care utilizeaz un ir de funcii
baz cu valori +1 sau 1 i care sunt determinate de liniile matricelor Hadamard)
(an, t sist) Walsh-Hadamard transform (WHT)
transformarea Z (operator care asociaz funciei original f (t ), t Z funcia imagine

F * ( z ) f (t ) z t ) (t sist, an) Z-transform


t 0

transformarea Z bilater (an) bilateralZ transform


transformat (an, geo, alg) transformed
transformata undin invers (procedur de calculal unei funcii utiliznd

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coeficienii dezvoltrii funciei n serie de undine) (an) inverse wavelet
transform
transformat (an, alg, geo) transform
transformat Fourier (an) Fourier transform
transformat Fourier prin cosinus (an) cosine Fourier transform
transformat Fourier prin sinus (an) sine Fourier transform

transformata Hankel (pentru o funcie f ( x), x 0 , F ( ) 2 xf ( x) J 0 (2x)dx )


0

(an) Hankel transformation


transformat Laplace (an) Laplace transform
transformator de echilibrare (el) differential transformer
transformator de msur (el, aut) transducer
transformator diferenial (tele) differential transformer
translata (a) (a deplasa un program n memorie) (inf) relocate; translate
translatare (convertire a datelor dintr-o form n alta) (inf) translation
translator (program de convertire a instruciunilor dintr-un limbaj n altul) (inf)
translator; transducer; program (me) assembly
translator de intrare (inf) input translator
translaie (a poziiei ocupate de fiecare bit al unui sistem binar n cadrul unui
registru sau al unei locaii de memorie) (inf, aut, t sist) shifting; translation of
axes; transfer (trans.); displacement; translatory motion (shift); parallel
displacement
transmisie (el) transmission
transmisie codificat multiplex/ multipl (inf, tele) multiplex code transmission
transmisie serial (pe bit) (inf) serial transmission
transmite (a) (el, inf) transmit; transfer (trans.)
transmitere (aut, t sist) transfer (trans.)
transmitere a datelor pentru calculatoare (inf) computer data transmission
transmitere bit cu bit (inf) serial by bit
transmitere caracter cu caracter (inf) serial by character
transmitere serial pe bit (inf) serialisation
transmitor de date (inf) data transmitter
transport (aut, t sist) transfer (trans.)
transport al (cifrei) zecilor (mat) carry-over of tens

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transportparalel (geo) parallel displacement
transporta (a) (inf) carry; transfer
transportor (t g) carrier
transpoziie (trecere a unor termeni ai unei egaliti dintr-o parte n alta, cu
semnul schimbat) (alg) transposition
transpune (a) (alg) transpose
transpusa unei matrice (alg) transpose of a matrix; transpose matrix
transvers (geo, e dif) transversal; transverse
transversal (geo, e dif) transversal; transverse; cross
transversal (geo, e dif) transversal; transverse
tranzistor cu efect de cmp (dispozitiv care funcioneaz ca un tranzistor bipolar)
(t sist, aut) field-effect transistor (FET)
tranzitiv (alg) transitive; transitively
tranzitivitate (alg) transitivity; transitiveness
tranzitoriu (e dif, mec, t g, t sist) transient; transitory; non-steady
tranziie (t g, mat) transition
trapez (geo) trapezium (pl. trapezia); trapezoid
trasa (a) (alg, geo, inf) trace; spur
trasa (a) o curb (t g) plot
trasare a curbei prin puncte (st) graduation
trasarea unei curbe (an) curve-tracing
trasator (t g) function plotter
trasator de curbe (t g, aut) characteristic curve tracer; plotter
traseu (aut, mat) trace
traseu prin structura de directoare ale unui calculator (inf) path
tratare (an num, inf, t sist, mat, t g) treatment; processing
tratare formal formalism
trstur caracteristic (t g) feature
treapt (mec) step
trece (a) (t sist, t g) filter; pass
trece (a) (un termen dintr-o parte a unei egaliti n cealalt) (inf, alg) transpose;
transfer (trans.)
trecere (aut, t sist, el, t g, mat) transfer (trans.); transmission; transition
trecere n repaus (el) drop-out
trecere la limit (an) passing/ passage to the limit; transition to the limit

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trecere printr-o poart (aut) gating
trecere/ rulare pe calculator (inf) computer run
treime (a treia parte) (mat) tierce (tc.)
triad ternary
tridentul lui Newton (geo) trident of Newton
tridimensional (cu trei dimensiuni) (geo, t sist) tridimensional; threedimensional (3-D)
tridimensionalitate (proprietatea de a avea trei dimensiuni) (geo)
tridimensionality
triedru (geo) three-faced; trihedron
triedru mobil (geo) moving trihedral
triere (rearanjare a unei structuri de date ntr-o anumit ordine) (inf) sorting
triere de informaii (inf) data separation
trifoliu (m) (geo) trifolium; three-leaved figure; trefoil
trigonal (geo) trigonal
trigonometric (an, mat) trigonometric (al); counterclockwise
trigonometrie trigonometry
trigonometrie sferic (geo) spherical trigonometry; spherics
trilater (geo) three-faced; three-sided; trilateral
triliniar (geo) trilinear
trimite (a) forward
tripla (a) (arit) triplicate
triplet (mulime cu trei elemente) triplet
triplu (arit) triplicate; triply; threefold
triplu conex (geo) triply connected
triplu ortogonal (geo, edp) triply orthogonal
trirectangular (geo) trirectangular
trisecta (a) (geo) trisect
trisecia unui unghi (geo) trisection of an angle
trisecie (geo) trisection
trisectoare (geo) trisectrix
triunghi (geo) trigon
triunghi autopolar (geo) self-polar triangle
triunghi care nu este dreptunghic (geo) oblique triangle
triunghi dreptunghic (geo) right triangle; right-angled triangle

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triunghi obtuzunghic (geo) obtuse triangle; obtuse-angled triangle
triunghi ortic (al unui triunghi) (geo) pedal triangle
triunghi scalen (geo) scalene triangle
triunghi sferic (geo) spherical triangle
triunghiuri asemenea (geo) similar triangles; similar terms; like terms
trivial (banal) trivial
trohoid (geo, mec) trochoid
trunchi (partea unui corp
obinut prin secionarea lui cu
dou plane paralele) (geo) frustum (pl. frusta/ frustums)
trunchi de con (geo) frustum of a cone; truncated cone
trunchi de piramid (geo) frustum of a pyramid
trunchiat (an num, st) truncated; blunted
trunchiere (an num, st, geo) truncation
tub electronic (el) valve
tub protector (el) conduit
tulbura (a) (mec, t g) disturb
turtire (geo, t g) flattening
turtit (la poli) (geo) oblate; flat

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(uni)lateral (mat) one-sided
ultim (st, inf) ultimate
ultimul venit-primul ieit (tehnic de manipulare a structurilor de date de tip
stiv) (inf, c op) last-in first-out (LIFO)
ultimul venit-primul servit (metod de servire n teoria irurilor de ateptare) (c
op) last come-first served
umbr (a unui corp) (geo) shadow
umbr proprie (geo) shade
umfla (a se) (t g) bulge
umplere cu zerouri (la calculatoare) (inf) zero fill
umplutur (adugare de caractere fictive nesemnificative) (inf) padding
unar (alg, inf) unary
und (edp, mec) wave
und (electromagnetic) de suprafa field wave
und deformat/ distorsionat nesinusoidal (mec) distort wave
und incident (edp) incident wave
und ntreinut/ continu (mec) continuous wave (c.w.,CW)
und neamortizat (edp) undamped wave
und plan (edp) plane wave
und sferic (edp) spherical wave
und sonor (edp) sound wave
und staionar (edp, mec) standing wave; stationary wave
und transversal (edp) transversal wave; transverse wave
und ultrasonor/ supersonic (edp) supersonic wave; ultrasonic wavestraight
angle
undin (funcie baz obinut prin translatarea i dilatarea unei undine mam) (an,
t sist) wavelet
undin Haar (t sist) Haar wavelet
unelte soft (programe care pot crea alte programe) (inf) software tools
unge (a) (el, tele) coat
unghipolar (an, e dif) amplitude
unghi (de) la baz/ adiacent la baz (geo) base angle
unghi cuprins ntre 00 i 1800 (geo) concave angle
unghi de 1800 (geo) flat angle
unghi de nclinare (geo, an) slope angle; gradient

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unghi diedru (geo) dihedral angle; interfacial angle
unghi director (geo) direction angle
unghi drept (geo) right angle
unghi nscris al unui cerc (geo) inscribed angle
unghi interior (geo) interior angle
unghi interior al unui poligon (cuprins ntre 1800 i 3600) (geo) re-entrant angle
unghi la centru (geo) central angle
unghi la vrf (geo) vertex angle; vertical angle
unghi mai mic de 1800 (geo) salient angle
unghi mort (zon moart) (el) dead zone; neutral zone
unghi multiplu de 1800 (geo) straight angle
unghi multiplu de 900 (geo) quadrantal angle
unghi nul (geo) zero angle
unghi obtuz (geo) blunt angle; obtuse angle
unghi octaedru (geo) octahedral
unghi pentaedru (geo) pentahedral
unghi plan/ rectiliniu al unui unghi diedru (geo) plane angle
unghi polar (geo, mat) polar angle; vectorial angle; argument
unghi poliedru (geo) polyhedral angle
unghi sferic (geo) spherical angle
unghi solid (geo) solid angle
unghi tetraedru (geo) tetrahedral; tetrahedral angle
unghi triedru (geo) trihedral angle; trihedral
unghiul dintre o tangent i o coard care trece prin punctul de tangen (geo)
tan-chord angle
unghiul fcut de o dreapt cu axa Ox (geo) inclination
unghiuri a cror sum este de 3600 (geo) conjugate angles
unghiuri care difer cu 360 0 (geo) coterminal angles
unghiuri complementare (geo) complementary angles
unghiuri opuse la vrf (geo) opposite angles; vertical angles
unghiuri suplimentare (geo) supplemental angles; supplementary angles
unghiuri (cu) egale (geo) equiangular
unic (arit, e dif, edp, alg) unique; uniquely; single
unicitate (alg, e dif, edp, arit) uniqueness
unicitate a soluiei (edp, e dif) uniqueness of the solution

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unicursal (geo) unicursal
unidimensional; 1-D (geo) unidimensional; 1-D; one-dimensional; linear; lineal
uniform (an, alg, st, top, arit) uniform; regular (r., reg.); one-valued; singlevalued; uniformly; even
uniform continuu (an) uniformly continuous
uniform convergent (an) uniformly convergent
uniformitate (an, st) uniformity; single-valuedness; one-valuedness
uniformiza (a) (an) uniformize; uniformise; uniformalize
uniformizare (an) uniformalization; uniformization
unilateral (inf, geo, mec, mat) unilateral; one/ single-sided
unimodular (alg) unimodular
uniprogramare (exploatare cu rularea succesiv a programelor) (inf)
uniprogramming
unitar (alg, arit) unit; unitary
unitate (arit, alg) unity (pl. unities); unit
unitate a scrii (st) computing unit
unitate aritmetic (a unui calculator) pentru operanzi fracionari (inf) fractional
arithmetic unit
unitate central de prelucrare a datelor (parte principal a unui calculator) (inf)
central processing unit (CPU)
unitate de acces la mai multe staii de calcul (dispozitiv hard multiport n care
pot fi conectate peste 16 staii de calcul) (inf) multistation access unit (MAU,
MSAU)
unitate de arie (geo) surface unit; unit of area
unitate/ dispozitiv/ bloc de comand (unitate central a unui echipament
numeric, care furnizeaz semnale de comand) (inf) control unit
unitate de comand microprogramat (aut, inf) microprocessor
unitate de disc fix/ dur (inf) hard disk drive (HDD)
unitate de gestionare a memoriei (dispozitiv hard, interfa ntre unitatea central
i memorie, cu diverse funcii, printre care cea de protecie a memoriei) (inf)
memory management unit (MMU)
unitate de informaie (bit) (inf) information unit; item
unitate de lungime (geo) unit of length
unitate de main (ca valoare) (inf) machine unit
unitate de msur (alg, arit) unit

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unitate de msur a capacitii de memorare (bit de memorie) (inf) memory bit
unitate de msur a vitezei de transmitere a datelor pe linie (inf) band
unitate de timp unit of time
unitate de unghi (geo) unit of angle
unitate de volum (geo) unit of volume; unit of space; volume unit
unitate distinct ntr-o secven de caractere (aut) token
unitate imaginar (an) imaginary unit
unitate periferic (dispozitiv de intrare, de ieire sau de stocare al unui calculator)
(inf) peripheral device/ unit
unitate/ bloc de main (ca dispozitiv, aparat) (inf) machine unit
univalent (an) univalent
univalen (an) univalence
universal (alg, top) universal
UNIX (sistem de operare foarte rspndit, scris n limbaj evoluat) (inf) UNIX
unul dup altul (el) in-line
urcare raise
urma unei matrice (alg) spur of a matrix; trace of a matrix
urm (alg, geo, inf) trace; spur
urmrire (t sist) tracking
urmrire automat (aut, t sist) automatic tracking (following)
urmrire automat cu reglaj suplimentar/ corectat/ semiautomat (aut, t sist)
aided tracking
util; utilizabil (mat, mec) available
utilaj (t g) plant
utilizare (mat,tg) application
utilizare multipl (mod de funcionare cu mai multe canale) (aut, inf)
multiplexing

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vacuum blankness
vag (mat, tele) fuzzy
valabil (l mat, alg) valid
valabilitate (mat) validity
valen valency
valid (l mat, alg) valid; true
validitate (l mat) truth
valoareabsolut (modul) (an, mat) absolute value; modulus (pl. moduli)
valoare (alg, mat, t g) amount; value
valoare a funciei de repartiie (mat) grade
valoare a mrimii de intrare (t sist) input value
valoare adevrat (mat) ideal value
valoare apropiat/ aproximativ. (an num) approximate value
valoare caracteristic (alg, e.dif, mat) characteristic value; characteristic number
valoare de adevr (l mat) truth value
valoare de referin/ nominal (mat) nominal value
valoare de reglaj (aut) operating value
valoare echivalent equivalent value
valoare efectiv (el) root-mean-square (r.m.s.) value
valoare eficace (t g) virtual value
valoare extrem (an) turning value
valoare extrem a unei funcii (an) extreme (value) of a function
valoare final/ rezultant/ permanent (mat) final value
valoare ideal (aut) ideal value
valoare impus/ nominal index value
valoare iniial (e dif, edp) initial value
valoare limit (n programare) (inf, el) limit; limiting value
valoare maxim maximal value
valoare medie (t pr, t g, mat) mean; universe means; mean value; average value
valoare medie a ntrzierii de propagare (n tehnica de calcul) (inf, t sist)
average propagation delay (APD)
valoare medie a unei funcii (an) mean of a function
valoare medie ptratic (mat) root-mean-square (r.m.s.) value; virtual value
valoare nedeterminat (inf) indefinite value
valoare nominal normal value

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valoare numeric (inf) numerical value
valoare optim (t sist, c op) optimum value; best; optimum (pl.optima/
optimums)
valoare pe frontier. (e dif, edp) boundary value
valoare prescris (aut) desired value; reference input; relative value
valoare principal (an) principal value
valoare proprie (alg, e dif, edp) proper value; eigenvalue; representative value
valoare proprie a unei matrice (alg) eigenvalue of a matrix; latent root of a
matrix
valoare real/ efectiv/ prescris real value
valoare relativ (mat) relative value
valoare reprezentativ a unui semnal (t sist, tele) sample
valoare teoretic/ calculat calculated value
valoare/ rdcin caracteristic (alg, e dif) characteristic root
valoarea f (a) a funcieifn punctul a (an) image
valoarea medie a unui proces stocastic (valoarea medie a procesului la momentul
t) (t pr) mean of a stochastic process
valua (a) value
valuare (geo, alg) valuation
valuare efectiv (mat) efective valuation
valv (t g) valve
valv electropneumatic (aut) electropneumatic valve
vrf (geo, t graf, inf, top) vertex (pl. vertices/ vertexes); sharp point; top; summit
vrf al unui unghi (geo) vertex of an angle
vrful unui con (geo) vertex of a cone
vrful unui vector (an) terminus of a vector
vrfuri (distan maxim dintre vrfuri) (geo) centres
varia (a) (an, t g) vary; run
variabil (an, mat) variable quantity; variable
variabilajuttoare/ auxiliar (t j) additional variable
variabilaleatoare (t pr, st) aleatory variable; variate; random variable
variabil aleatoare discret (t pr) discrete random variable
variabil binar (care poate lua numai dou valori discrete) (mat, inf) binary
variable
variabil complex (an) complex variable

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variabil de integrare (an) variable of integration
variabil de integrare n integrala definit (an, e dif) dummy variable
variabil de reglare (t sist, aut) process variable; regulating variable
variabil dependent (mat, st) dependent variable; effect variable
variabil discret (st) discrete variable
variabil independent (liber) (inf, mat, l mat, st) unrestricted variable;
predictor; subject
variabil indexat/ cu indice (geo, an) subscripted variable
variabil legat (inf, mat) bound variable
variabil lent (t sist, e dif) slow variable
variabil numeric (inf) number variable
variabil operaional (inf) variable in operational form
variabil predicativ (l mat) predicate variable
variabil principal/ independent (an) leading variable
variabil real (an) real variable
variabil reglat (t sist) manipulated variable
variabil spaial (edp) space variable
variabil stocastic (t pr) stochastic variable
variabil temporal (edp, t sist) time variable
variabil vertical (t sist) vertical variable
variabil independent (mat) argument
variabile separabile (e dif) separable variables
variabile/ coordonate canonice (e dif) canonical variables
variabilitate (t sist, t g) unsteadiness
varian (t pr) variance
variaia nti (an) first variation
variaie (alg, st, an, mec) variation
variaie a unei funcii (an) variation of a function
variaie mrginit (an) bounded variation; limited variation
variaie total (an) total variation
variaional (an) variational
varietate (geo, alg, mat) variety; manifold; multiplicity
varietateabelian (geo) Abelian variety
varietateafin (geo) affine variety
varietatealgebric (alg) algebraic variety

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varietate de clas Cn (geo) manifold of class Cn
varietate de ordinul al patrulea (alg, geo) quartic
varietate iacobian (alg, geo) Jacobian variety
varietate neted (top) smooth manifold
varietate riemannian (geo) Riemannian variety; Riemannian manifold
varietate topologic (geo) topological manifold
vecintate (top, an) vicinity; neighbourhood
vector (geo, an, alg, top) vector
vector aleatoriu (t pr) random vector
vector alunector (an, geo) sliding vector
vector binar (ale crui componente sunt cifre ale sistemului de numeraie binar)
(mat, inf) binary vector
vector binar cu opt componente (inf) eight-bit/ byte (character)
vector binar cu un numr predestinat de bii (inf) word (w., wd.)
vector binar cu un numr prestabilit de componente (inf) mantissa
vector binar de izolare a unor zone ale unei date (inf) mask
vector caracteristic (alg, e dif) characteristic vector
vector coloan (alg) column-vector
vector contravariant. (geo, an) contravariant vector
vector covariant (geo, an) covariant vector
vector cu m componente (sau mai multe instruciuni n diferite stadii de execuie)
(inf) parallel processor
vector denul/ lungime nul (geo, e dif) null vector
vector de baz (alg) basis vector
vector de poziie (an, geo) position vector
vector de probabilitate (t pr) probability vector
vector de stare (t sist) state vector
vector legat (geo) localized vector; bound vector
vector n-dimensional reprezentnd selecia (mat) sample point
vector nul (an) zero vector
vector propriu (al unei matrice) (alg) proper vector; eigenvector; latent vector
vector tangent (la o varietate) (geo) tangent vector
vectorunitate (geo) unit vector
vectori perpendiculari/ ortogonali (alg) orthogonal vectors
vectorial (geo, an, alg, top) vectorial

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vedere (geo) view
vehicul (t g) carrier
ventil (aut, el) throttle; valve
ventil de control (t g, aut) check stop valve
ventil de interfa (ntre elemente de automatizare electronice i pneumatice) (aut)
electronics-pneumatics interface valve
ventil de nchidere (t g, aut) check stop valve
ventil de reducere a presiunii (t g) expansion valve
ventil de reglaj (t g) expansion valve
ventil de reinere (t g) back-pressure valve
ventil de siguran (pentru partea de nalt presiune) (t g) back-up valve
ventil electropneumatic (aut) electropneumatic valve
ventila (a) (coninutul unei zone de date) (inf) explode
ventru (al unei oscilaii) (t g) bulge
verb (parte a unei instruciuni care precizeaz prelucrarea efectuat prin
executarea acesteia) (inf) verb
verifica (a) (a controla un calcul) (l mat) prove
verifica (a) (st, an num, inf, geo, an, mat, t g) test; try; verify; rectify; check;
calibrate; measure
verifica (a) un program (inf) checkout
verificare (mat, inf, st, an num,t g) check; verification; test; check-up; checkout;
proof
verificare a calculelor aritmetice (mat) mathematical check (ing)
verificare a claselor (n limbajul COBOL) (inf) class test
verificare a toleranei (aut) marginal check (ing)
verificare automat (aut) automatic testing
verificare de program/ a programului (inf) program (me) checking
verificare redundant ciclic (a corectitudinii datelor recepionate ntr-un cod
ciclic) (inf) cyclic redundancy check (CRC)
veritabil real (R)
verosimilitate (t pr) likelihood
verosimilitate maxim (st) maximum likelihood
versor (geo) unit vector; versor
versorul binormalei (geo) unit binormal
versorul normalei (geo) unit normal

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versorul tangentei (geo) unit tangent
vertical upright
verticalitate (geo) verticality; perpendicularity
vibra (a) (e dif) swing
vibrant (edp) vibrating
vibraie (e dif) swing; oscillation
vibraie sonor sound oscillation; sound vibration
vibraie transversal (edp) transverse vibration
vibroregulator (aut) oscillating regulator
vid (mat) empty; blankness; null; void
vidare a memoriei (extragere a informaiei aflate n memorie) (inf) storage
dump
vidare a memoriei (extragere a informaiei din memorie n cazul abandonrii
execuiei unui program) (inf) memory dump
virgul (care separ partea ntreag a unui numr de partea sa fracionar) (arit,
inf) radix point; separatrix
virgul (zecimal) (punct care desparte ntregul de fracie) (mat) decimal point
virgul binar. (inf) binary point
virgul de baz (inf) radix point
virgul deplasabil (inf) adjustable point
virgul fix (aut, inf) fixed point; stated point
virgul mobil (n calcule zecimale) (inf) floating decimal point; floating point
vrf (geo) apex, pl. apexes/ apices; (mat, geo) centre; center
vitez (mat, mec) speed; rate
vitez de autoreglare (aut) inherent regulation rate
vitez de convergen (an) speed of convergence
vitez de cretere (mec) rate of growth
vitez de intrare/ de nregistrare (a datelor) (inf) read-in rate
vitez de rotaie (mec) speed of rotation
vitez periferic/ circumferenial/ de rotaie (mec) circumferential speed
vitez spaial (mec) space velocity; spatial velocity
vitez unghiular (mec) angular velocity
volum (geo, mat, t g) solid space; content; volume; extent; amount; capacity
volum de calcul computational load
volum de lucru (inf, el) work load

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volum-control automat (aut) biased automatic gain-control
volumul unui corp (geo) volume of a solid
voxel (punct ntr-un spaiu 3-D cu coordonate numere ntregi; analogul
tridimensional pentru pixel) (inf) voxel (Volumetric Picture Element)

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Albrecht Drer

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zecimal. (arit) decimal; denary
zecimal (cifr) (mat, arit) decimal place; decimal
zero al unei funcii (an) zero of a function
zero (mat) zero (pl.zeroes/ zeros); null
zgomot (t sist, tele) noise
zgomot cu repartiie normal (t pr) Gaussian noise
zgomot cu spectru continuu i uniform. (t pr, t sist) white noise
zgomot gaussian (t pr) Gaussian noise
zguduitur (t g) jog
zon (a unei suprafee de rotaie) (geo, mat) zone
zon a instruciunii (inf) command field
zon a unei benzi magnetice (inf) gap
zon de ineficacitate. (aut) neutral zone
zon de insensibilitate (aut) dead zone
zon de intrare a informaiei (inf) input buffer
zon de lucru (a memoriei unui calculator) (inf) scratch area; working area
zon de memorie superioar (zon de memorie aflat deasupra limitei
convenionale de 640 kB) (inf) upper memory area (UMA)
zon fix (inf) fixed field
zon limit/ periferic a recepiei de televiziune (tele) fringe area
zon moart (tele) hole
zon neprecizat (ntr-un fiier/ ntr-o nregistrare) (inf) filler
zon neutr (el) neutral zone
zon sferic (geo) spherical zone; segment of (a) sphere; zone of a sphere
zon tampon a memoriei interne (inf) buffer

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Acronime

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A
a.c., AC
(alternating current) curent electric alternativ
a.e.
(almost-everywhere) aproape peste tot
A/ D
(analog (ue) to digital) analog-numeric
a/ m, A/ M
(above-mentioned) mai sus menionat
a/ or
(and/ or) i/ sau
AAC
(automatic amplitude control) reglare automat a amplitudinii
abt.
(about) aproximativ, circa; n jur (de)
abv.
(above) (ca) mai sus, (de) mai sus
ACC
(automatic chroma control) reglare automat de saturaie
acc.
(according to) n conformitate cu, potrivit cu; (account) cont;
(accumulation, accumulated) acumulare, acumulat
ACG
(automatic control gear) mecanism cu comand automat
ackt.
(acknowledgment) confirmare
ADC
(analog (ue)-digital converter) convertor analogic-numeric
ADES
(automatic digital encoding system) sistem de codificare digital automat
ADP
(adapter) (circuit) adaptor/ care poate fi cuplat funcional cu un alt circuit;
(automatic data processing) prelucrare automat a datelor

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AE
(absolute error) eroare absolut
AFC
(automatic frequency control) comand/ reglare automat a frecvenei
AGC
(automatic gain control) comand/ reglare automat a amplificrii
ALC
(automatic level control) control automat al nivelului (semnalului);
(automatic light compensation) compensare automat a luminii;
(automatic load control) reglare automat a sarcinii
ALD
(automated logic diagram) diagram logic automat
ALGOL
(algorithmic language) limbaj de programare algoritmic (ALGOL)
Alt.
(alternate) tast de alternare (folosit pentru generarea de noi comenzi n
combinaie cu alte taste, la calculatoare personale)
ALU
(arithmetic and logic unit) unitate aritmetic i logic
AM
(amplitude modulation) modulaie n amplitudine
AMP
(amplifier) amplificator
AMS
(American Mathematical Society)
amt.
(amount) sum, total
ans.
(answer) rspuns
APC
(automatic phase control) reglare automat a fazei
APD
(average propagation delay) valoare medie a ntrzierii de propagare; timp mediu
necesar tranzitrii semnalului printr-un sistem

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APL
(a programming language) limbaj de programare APL;
(average picture level) nivel mediu al semnalului video
APT
(automatic phase tracking) reglaj automat de faz pentru sincronizarea pistelor
ARMA
(auto-regressive moving average) autoregresiv i cu medie mobil
ARP
(automatic recovery programme) program de recuperare automat
ARQ
(automatic repeat request) comand/ reglare automat a erorii
arr.
(arrival) sosire
art.
(article) articol, clauz
ARV
(automatic recirculation valve) supap de recirculare automat
ASCII
(American Standard Code for Information Interchange) Cod standardizat n
S.U.A. pentru schimbul de informaii
ASME
(American Society of Mechanical Engineers) Asociaia inginerilor mecanici din
S.U.A.
assn.
(association) asociaie; asociere
astron.
(astronomer) astronom; (astronomical) astronomic; (astronomy) astronomie
ATM
(asynchronous transfer mode)transfer asincron de mod/ tip de und
ATT
(attenuator) (circuit) atenuator
Attn., attn.
(attention) atenie; n atenia
auto.
(automatic) automatic, n mod automat

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AUX
(auxiliary) auxiliar
av.
(average) (valoare) medie
AWGN
(additive white Gaussian noise) zgomot alb gaussian aditiv

B
B
(bandwidth) lrgime de band/ a benzii (de frecven); band a frecvenelor;
(base) baz; principiu de baz; (battery) baterie electric
bal.
(balance) circuit de echilibrare
BASIC
(beginners all-purpose symbolic instruction code) cod de instruciuni simbolic
de uz general pentru nceptori, limbaj de programare BASIC
bat., batt.
(battery) baterie electric; element galvanic
BCD
(binary coded decimal) zecimal codificat binar
BCPL
(basic combined programming language) limbaj de programare combinat pentru
nceptori, limbaj BCPL
BCH
(Bose-Chaudhury-Hocquenghem code) cod Bose-Chaudhury-Hocquenghem
bd.
(bound) legat
BDAM
(basic direct access method) metod de acces direct de baz
BE
(binding energy) energie de legtur
BEM
(boundary-element method) metoda elementului finit

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BIBO
(bounded-input bounded-output) intrare mrginit ieire mrginit
BIBS
(bounded-input bounded-state) intrare mrginit stare mrginit
BIOS
(basic input output system) sistem de baz pentru intrri/ ieiri (component a
sistemului de operare al calculatorului)
BISAM
(basic indexed sequential access method) metod de acces secvenial indexat de
baz
bit
(binary digit) cifr binar; bit (unitate de msur a informaiei)
bkr.
(breaker) ntreruptor; disjunctor
BOS
(basic operating system) program utilitar de gestiune a programelor sistemului
b.p.
(by-pass)unt; derivaie; ramificaie // a unta
BPAM
(basic partitioned access method) metod de acces de baz compartimentat
BPF
(band-pass filter) filtru trece-band/ de band
BPI
(bit per inch) bii pe ol
BPS
(basic programming support) program de regrupare a programelor utilitare
b.v., BV
(book value)valoare de inventar

C
c
(centre) centru; (chapter) capitol; subiect; tem; (class) clas; categorie; (college)
colegiu; universitate

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C
(capacitance) reactan capacitiv; capacitate; (capacitor) condensator; (central)
central; principal; (chapter) capitol; subiect; tem; (circuit) circuit; ciclu; (count) a
numra; a calcula; a socoti // calcul
c.b.
(circuit breaking) ntrerupere a circuitului
c.c.
(cubic centimeter) centimetru cub
c.cw.
(counterclockwise) sens contrar acelor de ceasornic; trigonometric
c.w., CW
(continuous wave) und ntreinut/ continu; (carrier wave) und purttoare;
(clockwise) n sensul acelor de ceasornic
CAD
(computer aided design) proiectare asistat de calculator
CADMAT
(computer aided design manufacture and testing) proiectare, fabricaie i testare
asistate de calculator
CAE
(computer aided engineering) inginerie asistat de calculator (concepie i
elaborare a proiectelor, coordonare i conducere a lucrrilor de execuie)
CAEDS
(computer aided engineering design system) sistem de proiectare tehnologic
asistat de calculator
CAI, CAL
(computer aided/ assisted instruction/ learning) instruire/ nvare cu ajutorul
calculatorului
CAM
(computer aided manufacturing) prelucrare/ fabricaie asistat de calculator
CAMAC
(computer automated monitor and control) monitorizarea i comanda automat a
calculatorului
CAMS
(computer aided manufacturing system) sistem de prelucrare/ fabricaie asistat
de calculator

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canc.
(cancellation) anulare; tergere (a unei imprimri)
CAPP
(computer aided process planning) planificare a procesului asistat de calculator
Caps Lock
(capital letters lock) tast care activeaz sau dezactiveaz generarea literelor
majuscule/ verzale (la calculatoarele personale, procesoare de text, maini de scris
electronice)
CAQ
(computer aided quality assurance) asigurare a calitii asistat de calculator
CARD
(compact automatic retrieval device) dispozitiv automat compact pentru
regsirea datelor
CAS
(control automated system) sistem de control automat
CASE
(computer aided software engineering) inginerie de soft asistat de calculator
CAT
(computer aided testing) testare asistat de calculator
cath.
(cathode) catod
CB
(circuit breaker) ntreruptor; (control board) tablou de comand; (control
button) buton de comand; (central battery) sistem telefonic cu baterie central
CBA
(circuit board assembly) ansamblu de circuit imprimat
cc.
(chapters) capitole; (centuries) secole
CCD
(charge-complete device) dispozitiv complet capacitiv; (charge coupled device)
circuit cu cuplaj de sarcin
cct.
(circuit) circuit

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CD
(compact disk) disc compact; (count down) mod de lucru al unui sistem digital de
tipnumrtor
cd.
(code) cod; cifru // a codifica; a cifra; (conductance) conductan; conductibilitate
CDA
(chain data address) adrese ale datelor n lan
CD-A
(compact disk audio) disc compact audio (coninnd informaii nregistrate
numeric)
CDF
(cumulative distribution function) funcie de repartiie cumulativ
CD-I
(compact disk-interactive) disc compact interactiv
CDMA
(code division multiple access) acces multiplu cu cod de separare
CD-ROM
(compact disk-read only memory) disc compact de stocare a informaiilor
CFIE
(combined field integral equation) ecuaia integral a cmpurilor combinate
CHDL
(computer hardware description language) limbaj de descriere a hardului
cht.
(chart) diagram; schem; desen; grafic; tabel
CIM
(computer integrated manufacturing) fabricaie integrat cu calculatorul
cl.
(coil) bobin; spiral; spir // a (se) nfura; a (se) bobina
CLT
(central limit theorem) teorema limit central
CMA
(constant modulus algorithm) algoritmul modulului constant
CNC
(computerized numerical control) comand numeric prin calculator integrat/
computerizat

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COM
(computer output to microfilm) ieire a calculatorului spre dispozitivul de
nregistrare pe microfilm
com.
(common) punct de conectare comun a mai multor reele
comp.
(compensation) funcie/ circuit de corectare a erorilor; (comparator) (circuit
electronic) comparator; (composite) compus; complex
conn.
(connector)conector
COP
(coefficient of performance) coeficient de randament
CPA
(critical path analysis) analiz a drumului critic
CPC
(cyclic progression code) cod cu permutare ciclic
CPI
(color preference index); indice de preferin a culorii;
(cycles per instruction) cicluri pe instrucie
CPM
(critical path method) metoda drumului critic
CPS
(critical path scheduling) programare a drumului critic
cpty.
(capacity) capacitate; spaiu; volum
CPU
(central processing unit)unitate central de prelucrare (a datelor)
CRC
(cyclic redundancy check) verificare redundant ciclic (a echipamentelor asistate
de calculator)
CRCW
(concurrent read and concurrent write) citire i scriere simultan
CREW
(concurrent read and exclusive write) citire simultan i scriere exclusiv

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crt., cur., curr.
(current) curent
CSI
(current-source inverter) invertor curent-surs
CSIM
(capacitor start iduction motor) motor de inducie cu condensator n serie
CSR
(control and status register) registru de comand i stare
CT
(current transformer) transformator de curent
ct.
(circuit) circuit; schem; cerc; ciclu
ctl.
(control) control; reglare
Ctr., Ctrl., CTRL
(control)tast de alternare (folosit pentru generarea de noi comenzi, la
calculatoare personale)
CTS
(computerized typesetting system) sistem computerizat de culegere (a textelor)
CU
(count-up)mod de operare al unui sistem digital de tip numrtor
cu.
(cubic) cubic
Cv.
(constant value) valoare constant
cy.
(capacity) capacitate; putere; sarcin; (cycle) ciclu; perioad

D
d
(degree) grad; (delete) a terge; a elimina; (density) densitate
D
(differential) diferenial (); (diode) diod; (distance) distan; interval; (drive)
comand

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d.c., DC
(digital control) comand numeric (inf); (direct coupling) cuplaj direct/
galvanic; cuplare direct/ mecanic; (direct current) curent continuu
D/ A; DAC
(digital to analog converter) convertizor numeric-analogic
DCA
(dynamic channel assignment) alocare dinamic de canale
DCB
(digit control block) bloc de control digital
DCE
(data communication equipment) echipament de comunicare de date
DCP
(diagnostic control program (me)) program de control al diagnosticului
DCT
(discrete cosine transform) transformarea prin cosinus discret
DD
(damage done) pagub produs; (data definition) definiie a datelor; (direct
drive) acionare direct
DDC
(direct-digital control) reglare numeric direct
dec.
(decoder) decodor; decodificator de semnal
deg.
(degree) grad (unitate de unghi); ordin; rang
demod.
(demodulator) circuit/ dispozitiv de demodulare
DEMON
(decision mapping via optimum networks) luare/ trasare a deciziei prin
determinarea optimului cu ajutorul metodei n reea (drumul critic)
den.
(density) densitate
det.
(detector) detector

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dev.
(development) dezvoltare; extindere; cretere; sporire; (deviation) deviaie;
(device) mecanism; dispozitiv; instrument; aparat
DFT
(discrete Fourier transform) transformarea Fourier discret
di.
(diameter) diametru
dis.
(distance) distan; interval; (distribution) mprire; difuzare; repartizare;
distribuire
DISAC
(digital simulated analog (ue) computer) calculator simulat analogic-numeric
dist.
(distance) distan
div.
(divergence) divergen; cretere a amplitudinii; (division) divizie; (divisor)
divizor; mpritor; divizor de tensiune
DMA
(direct memory access) acces direct la memorie
DMUC
(decision-making under certainty) luare de decizii n condiii de certitudine
DMUR
(decision-making under risk) luare de decizii n condiii de risc
do.
(ditto, the same) idem
doc.
(document) document; act
DOR
(digital optical recording) disc optic de memorare
DOS
(disk operation system) sistem de operare cu discul (de stocare a informaiilor)
doz.
(dozen) duzin; 12 buci
DRAM
(dynamic random access memory) memorie dinamic cu acces aleatoriu

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DS
(disk storage) memorie pe discuri; (double sided) (cu) ambele fee purttoare de
informaie (la discuri flexibile)
DSP
(digital signal processor) procesor numeric de semnale
DST
(discrete sine transform) transformarea prin sinus discret
DTE
(data terminal equipment) echipament terminal de transmitere de date
DTP
(desktop-publishing) tehnoredactare computerizat
DUT
(device under test) aparat n curs de testare
DWT
(discrete wavelet transform) transformarea discret prin ondine
DYANA
(dynamics analyser) limbaj de simulare DIANA

E
e
(electric) electric; (electromotive) electromotor; (electron) electron; (emitter)
emitor; (error) eroare; greeal
E
(energy) energie; for; (engineer) inginer
e.c.
(exempli causa, for example) de exemplu
e.g.
(exempli gratia, for example) de exemplu
e.m.
(electromagnetic)electromagnetic
e.m.f.
(electromotive force)tensiune electromotoare
ea.
(each) fiecare

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EAM
(electrical accounting machine) main electric de calculat
EAX
(electronic automatic exchange) schimb electronic automat (de date)
EB
(emitter-base) emitor-baz
EB, EOB
(end of block) sfrit al unui bloc de informaii
EBCDIC
(extended binary coded decimal interchange code) cod zecimal codificat binar
extins
EC
(electron coupling) cuplaj electronic
ECAP
(electronic circuit analysis program (me)) program pentru analizarea circuitelor
electronice
ECB
(event control block) bloc de control eveniment
ECC
(error checking and correction) verificare i corectare a erorilor
ECL
(emitter coupled logic) emitor cuplat logic
EDI
(electronic data interchange) schimb electronic de date
EDP
(electronic data processing)prelucrare/ procesare electronic a datelor
EEPROM
(electrical erasable programmable read only memory) memorie programabil
numai pentru citit, cu tergere electric
el.
(element) element; (elevation) altitudine; nlime; proiecie vertical
ELSIE
(electronic letter sorting and indicating equipment)echipament electronic pentru
sortarea i indicarea literelor/ caracterelor

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emp., EMP
(emphasis)accentuare/ cretere (a amplitudinii)
enc.
(encoder) circuit/ dispozitiv codor
encl., Encl.
(enclosure)anex
ent.
(entrance) intrare; (entry) poziie; nregistrare; trecere pe list; nscriere
env.
(envelope) anvelop, semnal modulator al unui semnal modulat n amplitudine
// nvelitoare; nveli
EOB, EB
(end of block) sfrit al unui bloc de informaii
EOC
(end of card) sfrit al cartelei
EOE
(end-of-extent) sfrit al unei zone (pe un disc de memorie)
EOF
(end of file) sfrit al unui fiier
EOJ
(end of job) sfrit al unui program
EPROM
(electrical programmable read only memory) memorie programabil electric
numai pentru citit
eq.
(equalizer) egalizator; (equation) ecuaie; (equivalent) echivalent
er.f.
(error function)integral a erorilor
ES
(electronic switch)comutator electronic, dispozitiv de comutare fr elemente
mobile
Esc.
(escape)tast de renunare la meniul curent (la calculatoare personale)

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ESD
(electrostatic sensitive device) dispozitiv cu sensibilitate electrostatic; (external
symbol dictionary)dicionar de simboluri externe
EVOP
(evaluation and optimization) evaluare i optimizare; (evolutive operations)
operaii evolutive
ex.
(examined) examinat; (exception; excepted)excepie; exceptat; (executive)
executiv, cu funcie de conducere
exc.
(excepted; except) exceptat; cu excepia
excl.
(exclusive; excluded) exclusiv; exclus
EXOR
(exclusive OR) SAU exclusiv/ anticoinciden
exp.
(expansion) expansiune; dilatare; dezvoltare (experiment) experien;
experiment; (exponential) exponenial
ext.
(external) extern; exterior; (extinction)extincie; stingere; (extra) extra; n plus;
suplimentar; adiional

F
f
(femto) femto (=10-15); (frequency) frecven
f.e.
(for example) de exemplu
f.i.
(for instance) de exemplu
f.n.
(foot note) not/ nsemnare n josul paginii; not de subsol
f.r.e.d., FRED
(figure reading electronic device) dispozitiv electronic pentru lectura cifrelor

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FA
(factory automation) automatizare a fabricaiei
FAC
(factor) factor; agent
FACTS
(flexible AC transmission system) sistemde transmisie AC flexibil
FCA
(fixed channel assignment) alocare de canal fixat
FCFS
(first-come first-served) primul venit primul servit (metod de ordonare a
cererilor ntr-un ir de ateptare)
FCM
(fuzzy cognitive map) aplicaie cognitiv vag
FCP
(file control processor) procesor de control al fiierului
FDD
(floppy disk drive) unitate de disc flexibil
FDDI
(fiber distributed data interface) interfa fibrat cu date distribuite
FDMA
(frequency division multiple access) acces multiplu cu separare a frecvenelor
FDTD
(finite difference time domain) domeniu timp cu diferene finite/ discret
FEC
(forward error correction) corecie direct a erorii
FEM
(finite element mesh) reea de elemente finite
FES
(finite element solver) dispozitiv pentru rezolvare prin metoda elementelor finite
(n proiectarea asistat de calculator)
FET
(field-effect transistor) tranzistor cu efect de cmp
FFT
(fast Fourier transform) transformare Fourier rapid

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FH-CDMA
(frequency hopping code division multiple access) acces multiplu cu separare de
cod cu salturi de frecven
FIFO
(first-in first-out) primul intrat-primul ieit (tehnic de manipulare a structurilor
de date de tip list/ coad); primul venit-primul servit (disciplin n teoria
ateptrii)
FILO
(first-in-last-out) primul intrat-ultimul ieit; primul venit-ultimul servit
FIR
(finite impulse response) rspuns la impuls finit
fl., FLOP
(floating point operations) operaii n virgul mobil
FLA
(full load amperage) amperaj complet de sarcin
FM
(fast memory) memorie rapid; (frequency modulation) modulaie de frecven
FM-PM
(frequency modulation-phase modulation) modulaie de frecven i de faz
FOH
(first order hold) sincronizare de ordinul nti
FORTRAN
(formula translating system) sistem traductor de formule; limbaj de programare
formal FORTRAN
fr.
(free) liber; (frequent) frecvent
FRC
(fifo ram controller) interfa de comand a memoriei de tip RAM
FSA
(finite state automata) automat finit
FSM
(finite state machine) main cu mulime finit de stri

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G
(gate) poart; (generator) generator
g.c.d.
(greatest common divisor) cel mai mare divizor comun
g.c.w.
(general continuous wave) und modulat
g.l.b.
(greatest lower bound) cel mai mare minorant; margine inferioar; infimum
GDP
(geometric design processor) procesor pentru proiectarea formelor geometrice (n
robotica tridimensional)
gen.
(generator) generator
GIF
(Graphics Interchange Format) format de compresie a imaginii.
GIGO
(garbage in, garbage out) eroare la intrare, eroare la ieire
GKS
(graphical kernel system) sistem grafic de tip nucleu
GPS
(Global Positioning System) sistem de poziionare global
GPSS
(general purpose systems simulator) limbaj de programare destinat problemelor
de simulare discret
grad.
(gradient) gradient; (graduated) gradat
GS
(general storage) memorie general
GSM
(Global System for Mobile Communication) Sistem global pentru comunicaii cu
telefoane mobile
GTO
(gate turn off) poart ntrerupt; (tiristor) bioperaional/ GTO

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h
(hard) solid; rigid; tare (height) nlime; nivel; altitudine; cot (high) superior;
nalt // culme; maximum (horizontal) orizontal; razant // orizontal (hundred)
sut
h.f.,HF
(high frequency) nalt frecven
HAL
(human access language) limbaj de programare cu set de instruciuni foarte
apropiate de limbajul natural
HBMT
(hybrid bipolar MOS thyristor) tiristor MOS bipolar hibrid
HCF
(highest common factor) cel mai mare divisor comun (c.m.m.d.c.)
HD
(heavy duty) rezistent la condiii grele de rulaj; (high density) densitate (de
nregistrare) ridicat/ mare (la discuri flexibile)
hd.
(head) cap; principal; ef
HDD
(hard disk drive) unitate de disc fix/ dur
hdlg.
(handling) manipulare
hdw.
(hardware) elemente componente ale unui calculator electronic
HE
(heat exchange) schimb de cldur; (high explosive) exploziv brizant (cu mare
putere de distrugere); (horizontal equivalent) interval ntre dou curbe de nivel
HEMT
(hybrid microwave integrated circuit) circuit integrat hibrid cu microunde
hex.
(hexadecimal) sistem de numeraie hexadecimal/ cu baza 16; (hexagonal) cu
profil/ seciune hexagonal ()
hf.
(half) jumtate; semi-

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HFC
(high-frequency current) curent de nalt frecven
HG
(Hall generator) generator Hall; (high grade) de calitate superioar, de nalt
clas
hgt., h.
(height) nlime, nivel, cot, altitudine
HIPO
(hierarchy plus input-process-output) metod HIPO (de proiectare i
documentare a produselor-program)
HM
(harmonic mean) medie armonic
HMA
(high memory area) zon de memorie nalt (la calculatoare personale)
HMM
(hidden Markov model) model Markov latent
HPA
(high-power amplifier) amplificator de putere mare
h-parameter
(hybrid parameter) parametru hibrid
HPF
(high-pass filter) filtru trece-sus
HPO
(high phase order) ordine cu mai multe faze
HQ
(high quality) calitate nalt/ ridicat
HRC
(high rupturing capacity) capacitate nalt de rupere
HT
(high tension) nalt tensiune
ht.
(heat) cldur, nclzire la temperatur nalt
HVDC
(high-voltage direct current) curent continuu de nalt tensiune

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HVS
(human visual system) sistem vizual uman
hy.
(heavy) greu, dificil, puternic

I
I
(Institute/ Institution) institut; instituie; societate
I/ O
(input/ output) intrare-ieire (I/ I)
i./ opn.
(in operation) n funciune/ operare; deschis
i.e.
(id est; that is) adic
i.f., IF
(intermediate frequency) frecven intermediar/ medie
i.l.o.
(in lieu of) n loc de
IA
(index assignment) alocarea indicilor
IBM
(International Business Machines Corporation) Societate productoare de
computere (S.U.A.)
IC
(immediate constituent) constituent nemijlocit; (integrated circuit) circuit integrat
ICE
(in-circuit emulator) emulator n circuit
IDP
(integrating data processing) prelucrare a datelor prin integrare
IEC
(International Electrotechnical Commission) Comisia internaional de
electrotehnic

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IEEE
(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Organizaia profesional a
inginerilor electrotehnicieni i electroniti)
ier.
(multiplier) multiplicator; nmulitor
iff.
(if and only if) dac i numai dac
IFT
(intermediate frequency transformer) transformator de frecven intermediar
IID
(independent and identically distributed) independente i egal distribuite
IIR
(infinite impulse response) rspuns la impuls infinit
ill., illus.
(illustration) desen; ilustraie; exemplu; explicaie; evideniere
IMC
(internal model control) control cu model intern
imp.
(implement) unealt; instrument // a executa, a realiza; a ndeplini; (improved)
mbuntit; perfecionat; (improvement) mbuntire; perfecionare; (impulse)
impuls; excitaie; cantitate de micare; oc
INA
(inverse Nyquist array)reea Nyquist invers
inc.
(included) inclus; cuprins; (including) inclusiv; (incomplete) incomplet;
(increase) cretere; mrire; lrgire; extindere; multiplicare; (increment) cretere
ind.
(independent) independent; autonom; (index) indice; exponent; ac indicator;
(indicator) indicator; (industry) industrie; ramur industrial; ntreprindere
inf.
(inferior) inferior; (information) informaie
int.
(interest) avantaj; profit; (interior) interior; intern; (internal) intern;
(international) internaional

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inv.
(invention) invenie; descoperire; (inverter) invertor
IOCS
(input-output control system) sistem de comand intrare ieire
IPC
(integrated planning and control) planificare i control integrate; (interprocess
communication) comunicare interprocese
IR
(current-resistance) cdere de tensiune ohmic/ n faz cu curentul; (infrared)
infrarou
IRCC
(International Radio Consultative Commission) Comisia internaional
consultativ de radio
IRMS
(information retrieval and management system) sistem de gestionare i cutare a
informaiei
irr.
(irregular) neregulat
ISBN
(International Standard Book Number) Sistemul internaional de clasificare i
numerotare a crilor
ISDN
(integrated services digital network) reea numeric cu servicii integrate
ISEF
(infinite symmetric exponential filter) filtru exponenial simetric infinit
ISI
(intersymbol interference) interferen intersimbol
ISO
(International Standards Organization) Organizaia internaional pentru
standarde
ISS
(impedance standard substrate) substrat standard de impedan
iss.
(issue) ediie (a unei cri); numr (al unui ziar); concluzie; rezultat; chestiune
controversat

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it.
(item) poziie; punct; paragraf; articol (dintr-o calculaie); chestiune; articol al unei
nregistrri; unitate de informaie; comunicare; noutate
ITB
(inverse translation buffer) circuit tampon de translaie invers

J
j.
(jack) jac; fi a jacului; buc; prghie; cric
jct., junc.
(junction) jonciune; legtur; punct de unire; loc;
jnt., jt.
(joint) cuplaj; legtur; racord; mbinare; articulaie
JTFA
(joint time frequency analysis) analiz extins timp frecven
JTIDS
(Joint Tactical Information Distribution System) Sistem de distribuire a
informaiilor tactice

K
k
(kilo-) kilo- (prefix = 103)
k.p.h.
(kilometre per hour) kilometru pe or
ka.
(cathode) catod
kc.p.s., kc./ s.
(kilocycle per second)kilohertz (unitate de frecven)
KCL
(Kirchhoff's current law) legea intensitii a lui Kirchhoff
KD
(knock down) a demonta; a reduce; a micora
KE

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(kinetic energy) energie cinetic
kilo., kil.
(kilometre) kilometru; (kilogram, kilogramme) kilogram (unitate de mas n
sistemul MKS)
KP
(key point) punct cheie
KVL
(Kirchhoff's voltage law) legea tensiunii a lui Kirchhoff

L
l
(law) lege, regul, regulament; (left) stng, din stnga; (length) lungime, distan,
msur; (line) linie, ir, instruciune; (link) verig, element de legtur; (low) jos,
sczut, mic
l.c.d.; LCD
(liquid crystal display) panou de afiare cu cristale lichide; (lowest common
denominator) cel mai mic numitor comun
l.c.m.; LCM
(lowest/ least common multiple) cel mai mic multiplu comun
l.f.; LF
(low frequency) frecven joas, audiofrecven
l.h.
(left hand) stng, de stnga, cu filet stnga
l.s.
(left side) partea stng
l.u.b.
(least upper bound) margine superioar; supremum, cel mai mic majorant
l/ 0
binar (l/ 0)
lab.
(laboratory) laborator

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LAN
(line-area-network) reea liniar; (local area network) reea (de calculatoare)
local
LAOS
(light amplifying optical switch)comutator optic amplificator de lumin
laser
(light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) laser, amplificare a
luminii prin emisie stimulat a radiaiei
lat.
(lateral) lateral, secundar
LC
(inductance-capacitance) (circuit) inductan-capacitate/ LC
LED
(light emitting diode) diod emitoare de lumin
LET
(linear energy transfer) transfer de energie pe unitatea de lungime
LFSR
(linear-feedback shift register) registru de translaie cu reacie liniar
lg.
(long) lung, ndelungat
lg.; lge.
(large) larg, mare, extins
lgth.
(length) lungime, distan, msur
LIFO
(last-in first-out) ultimul venit-primul servit (tehnic de manipulare a structurilor
de date de tip stiv)
lim.
(limiter) (circuit) limitator
lin.
(lineal) ereditar, succesoral; (linear) liniar; (linearity) liniaritate
LIPS
(logical interferences per second)interferene logice (executate) pe secund

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LISN
(line impedance stabilization network) reea de stabilizare a impedanei
circuitului
LISP
(language for interactive structurate programming) limbaj de programare
structurat i interactiv; (list processing) prelucrare (a datelor) cu liste; limbaj de
programare pentru prelucrarea datelor reprezentate prin liste
ll.
(lines) linii, gradaii
LLD
(low level detector) detector (de semnale) de nivel mic
LLSE
(linear least square estimator) estimator liniar cu cele mai mici ptrate
LMS
(least mean square) cea mai mic medie ptrat
LNA
(low noise amplifier)amplificator de semnal de nivel redus
LOB
(line of balance) linie de echilibru (metod de analiz n reea)
loc.
(local) local; (location) locaie
LPE
(low-pass equivalent) echivalent trece-jos
LPF
(low pass filter) filtru trece-jos
LPT
(line printer) interfa paralel pentru cuplarea imprimantei (la calculatoare
personale)
LQ
(linear quadratic) liniar ptratic
LR
(inductance-resistance) (circuit) rezisten-inductan/ LR; (long-range) cu raz
mare de aciune, cu parcurs lung; (low-radiation) (cu) radiaie redus (despre
monitoare)

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LS
(least squares) cele mai mici ptrate
LSB
(least significant bit) cel mai mic bit semnificativ, cea mai mic valoare a datelor
prelucrate de un calculator; (lower sideband) band inferioar (la modulaia de
amplitudine
LSI
(large scale integration) integrare pe scar mare; integrare larg (n
microelectronic); (linear shift invariant) liniar i invariant la translaie
LT
(low tension) joas tensiune
LTI
(linear time invariant) liniar i staionar
LTR
(letter) liter (la calculator)

M
M
(male connector) (conector cu) fi; (meter) contor, metru
m.
(medium) (cifr) medie; valoare medie
m.m.f., MMF
(magnetomotive force)tensiune magnetomotoare
MAC
(mathematical autocode) autocod pentru soluionarea problemelor matematice i
tiinifice; (multiplexed analogue components) componente analogice
multiplexate
mach.
(machine (ry))maini, utilaje
macro.
(macrodefinition) macrodefiniie, poriune a unui program care descrie
elementele unei substituiri (la calculatoare)

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MAD
(multi-aperture device) dispozitiv cu fante multiple; (mutual assured
destruction) distrugere/ tergere a unui descriptor asigurat mutual
mag.
(magnetic) magnetic; (magnitude) mrime, dimensiune, amplitudine
magamp.
(magnetic amplifier) amplificatory magnetic, transductor
MAP
(maximum aposteriori estimator) estimator aposteriori maximal
marg.
(margin) marj; (marginal) marginal
MASS
(multiple accesssequential selection) selecie succesiv de acces multiplu
mat.
(material) material, substan
mat., math
(mathematics) matematic, matematici
MathCAD
(mathematical computer aided design) program matematic orientat pe prelucrare
matematic, reprezentare grafic i lucru cu textul
MAU
(media access unit) unitate de acces la suportul de date; (multistation access unit)
unitate de acces la mai multe staii de calcul
max.
(maximum) maximum; maxim
MB
(megabyte) megaoctet, 1 048 576 octei
MBF
(modulator band filter) filtru de band al modulatorului
MBM
(magnetic bubble memory) memorie cu bule magnetice/ cu zone magnetice
mobile
mc., MC
(machine) main; dispozitiv, mecanism

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MCM
(Monte Carlo method) metoda Monte Carlo
MCT
(metal-oxide semiconductor controlled thyristor) tiristor controlat cu
semiconductor metal-oxid
MCW
(modulated continuous wave) und ntreinut modulat
MDA
(motor drive amplifier) amplificator/ circuit electronic de comand a motorului;
(monochrome display adapter) standard pentru afiarea pe ecran a caracterelor
codului ASCH
MDR
(memory data register) registru de date al memoriei
MDS
(maximum distance separable) separabil cu distan maxim
MDT
(mobile data terminal) terminal de date mobil
meas.
(measure) criteriu, limit, divizor, unitate de msur, msur, mrime,
dimensiune, proporie, volum, capacitate
mech.
(mechanic) mecanic; (mechanical) (n mod) mecanic, automat; (mechanics)
mecanic; (mechanism) mecanism, aparat
MEMS
(microelectromechanical system) sistem microelectromecanic
MF
(medium frequency) frecven medie
MFD
(maximally flat delay) ntrziere maximal orizontal
mfd.
(manufactured) fabricat, produs
mfg.
(manufacturing)industrial, de fabricaie
MFIE
(magnetic field integral equation) ecuaia integral a cmpului magnetic

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MFLOP
(megaflop) megaflop
Mflop/ s, MFLOP/ s, MFLOPS
(million floating point operations per second) milioane de operaii n virgul
mobil pe secund (pentru msurarea vitezei de calcul, n informatic)
MFR
(metal film resistor) rezistor cu pelicul metalic
mfr.
(manufacture) fabricare, produs, industrie; (manufacturer) fabricant, industria
mi.
(minor) minor, mic, nensemnat // propoziie/ premiz minor; (minute) minut,
minut (not, proces verbal)
mic.
(microphone) microfon
MIDI
(musical instruments digital interface) interfa standardizat pentru conectarea
la calculator a aparatelor de electronic muzical
MIMD
(multiple instruction-multiple data stream) fluxuri multiple de instruciunifluxuri multiple de date (caracteristic a calculatoarelor)
min.
(minimum) minim (um), valoare minim // minimal, foarte mic; (minor)minor,
nensemnat; (minute) minut, minut, not, proces verbal // detaliat, minuscul
MIPS
(millions of instructions per second)milioane de instruciuni pe secund (unitate
pentru msurarea vitezei de prelucrare a unui calculator)
MIS
(management information system)sistem informatic de gestiune; sistem de
gestionare a informaiilor
MISD
(multiple instruction-single data stream)fluxuri multiple de instruciuni-flux
unic de date (caracteristic a calculatoarelor)
MISO
(multiple/ multi-input single-output) cu mai multe intrri i o singur ieire

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ML
(maximum likelihood) verosimilitate maxim
MMI
(man-machine interface)interfa om-main (interfa ntre utilizatorul uman i
calculator)
MMS
(module management system)sistem de gestionare a modulelor (unui sistem de
calcul)
MMU
(memory management unit)unitate de gestionare a memoriei
MMV; monomulti
(monostable multivibrator)multivibrator monostabil
mod.
(modified) modificat; (modulation) modulaie; (modulator) modulator
MODEM
(modulator-demodulator)modulator-demodulator (dispozitiv utilizat pentru
comunicarea la distan ntre dou echipamente)
MODI
(modified distribution)distribuire modificat (n programarea liniar)
MOL
(machine-oriented language) limbaj orientat pe main; (maximum output level)
nivel maxim de ieire
mole-com
(molecular computer)calculator molecular (utilizat n sateliii artificiali)
MOM
(method of moments) metoda momentelor
mon.
(monitor) monitor de imagine, aparat de reglare/ de control
MOS
(management operating system) sistem de funcionare a conducerii; (metaloxide-semiconductor) semiconductor cu oxid metallic; (mean opinion score) scor
mediu al opiniilor
MOSFET
(metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect thyristor) tiristor semiconductor metaloxid cu efect de cmp

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MPC
(multifunction peripheral controller) control multifuncional al dispozitivelor
periferice; (multimedia personal computer) standard care stabilete nivelul de
performan minim al componentelor unui sistem multimedia
mpx., mux.
(multiplex) multiplexare; (multiplexer)multiplexor
MRF
(Markov random field) cmp Markov (proces Markov bidimensional)
MRI
(magnetic resonance imaging) formare de imagine prin rezonan magnetic
MS, M/ S
(magnetic focus/ static deflection) focalizare magnetic; (margin of safety)limit/
margine de siguran
MSAU, MAU
(multistation access unit)unitate de acces la mai multe staii de calcul
MSB
(most significant bit) cel mai semnificativ bit, valoare maxim a unei date
prelucrate ntr-un program de calculator, primul bit din partea stng a unui octet
sau a unui ir binar
MSC
(magnitude squared coherence)coerena ptrat a amplitudinii
MS-DOS
(Microsoft-disk operating system)sistem de operare destinat gestionrii
resurselor software i hardware ale microcalculatoarelor de tip IBM PC (XT i AT),
produs de firma Microsoft (S.U.A.)
MSE
(mean square error) eroare medie ptratic
MSF
(medium standard frequency) frecven medie standard
MSG
(maximum stable gain) amplificare stabil maximal
MSI
(medium scale integrated (circuit)) (circuit) integrat pe scar medie; (medium
scale integration) integrare pe scar medie, metod de realizare a circuitelor
integrate semiconductoare cu 10-100 circuite logice

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msmt., mst.
(measurement)msur, msurtoare
MTBF
(mean time between failures)timp mediu ntre defectri, medie a timpilor de
funcionare
MTF
(modulation transfer function)funcie de transfer a modulaiei
MTTR
(mean time to repair) timpul mediu de reparaie
mu
( factor) factor de amplificare
MUF
(maximum usable frequency)frecven limit superioar
mult.
(multiple) multiplu; (multiplied)multiplicat
MUSIC
(multiple signal classification) clasificarea semnalelor multiple
mut.
(mutilated) mutilate, cu pri lips; (muting) blocare a cii de sunet a unui
receptor tv; (mutual) mutual, reciproc
mux., mpx.
(multiplex) multiplexare; (multiplexer) multiplexor
MV
(medium voltage) tensiune medie (multi-variable) multivariabil
MVS
(multiple virtual storage) memorie virtual multipl
MW
(medium wave) und medie
mxd.
(mixed) amestecat

N
N
(normal) normal, corespunztor, perpendicular

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n., N
(negative) negativ; (neuter) neutru; (number) cifr, numr
n./ k.
(not known, unknown) necunoscut
NAND, NOT AND
(negative-AND) NU-I, I-negat
NAND-NOR
(negative AND-not OR) NU-I NU-SAU, I-SAU negat
NBI|
(narrow-band interference) interferen de band ngust
NC, N/ C
(Norton Commander) mediu de programe al corporaiei SYMANTEC; (not
connected) neconectat; (numerical control/ command) comand numeric
NCL
(network control/ command language) limbaj de control/ de verificare/ de
comand/ de gestionare a unei reele de calculatoare
NCP
(network control program (me))program de gestionare/ de comand a unei reele
de calculatoare
NDIS
(network device interface specification) documentaie referitoare la interfaa
dispozitivelor unei reele de calculatoare; (network drivers interface standard)
standard prvind interfaa elementelor de acionare ale unei reele de calculatoare
NED
(New/ Oxford English Dictionary) Dicionarul limbii engleze moderne editat la
Oxford
neg., n.
(negative) negativ
NEITHER-NOR
(neither-not OR) NICI-NICI
NFB
(negative feedback)reacie negativ
NFS
(network file system) sistem de fiiere al unei reele de calculatoare

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NFT
(network file transfer) transfer de fiiere ale unei reele de calculatoare
NIC
(network interface card) cartel de interfa a unei reele de calculatoare
Ni-Cd
(nickel-cadmium) (acumulator cu) nichel-cadmiu
NLN
(non-linear) neliniar; de grad mai mare dect unu
NMOS
(negative-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor) semiconductor MOS cu canal
conductor negativ/ dopat cu electroni
NO
(normally open) (contact) normal deschis
no., No.
(number) numr, cifr
nom.
(nominal) nominal
NOR, NOT-OR
(negative OR)NU-SAU, SAU negat
nor., N
(normal) normal, corespunztor, perpendicular
NOR-NAND
(not OR-negative AND) NU-SAU NU-I, SAU-I negat
NOS
(network operating system) sistem de operare al unei reele de calculatoare
NOT A
(negative A) NU A, A negat
NOT AND, NAND
(negative AND)NU-I, I negat
NOT OR, NOR
(negative OR) NU-SAU, SAU negat
not.
(notice) not, informaie, aviz, anun, avertisment, ntiinare
NPO
(negative-positive-zero) negativ-pozitiv-zero

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NPR
(noise power ratio) puterea nominal a zgomotului
NTC
(network time constant) constanta de timp a reelei
ntfy.
(notify)a notifica, a anuna, a ntiina, a avertiza
NU
(Norton utilities)utilitare NORTON, utilitare care permit explorarea/ modificarea
coninutului mediilor magnetice
num.
(number) numr, cifr; (numeral) aritmetic, numeric, cifric // numr, cifr,
numeral
NVR
(no-voltage release) deconectare automat la cderea tensiunii; (non volatile
random-access memory) memorie cu acces aleatoriu n care informaiile rmn
memorate i dup deconectarea calculatorului de la reea
NVRAM
(non volatile random-access memory) memorie nevolatil cu acces aleatoriu
NVT
(network virtual terminal) terminal virtual al unei reele de calculatoare

O
0
(binary zero) zero binar
o
(off) afar, deschis, ntrerupt; (only) numai // unic, singur; (over) supra, peste
o., O
(order) comand, instruciune, ordin
o.c.
(open circuit) circuit deschis; (out-current) (mers) n gol
o.l.
(overload) suprancrcare, suprasarcin
obj
(object) obiect, obiectiv; (objection) obiecie; (objective)obiectiv, real, concret

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oc., Oc.
(overcharge) suprasarcin; (overcharged) suprancrcat
OCC
(one-cycle control) control cu un ciclu
OCR
(optical character recognition) recunoatere optic a caracterelor, soft cu care un
format grafic este transformat ntr-un format text
OFD
(optimum free distance) distan liber maxim
OLE
(object linking and embedding) "legare i includere a obiectelor", set extensibil
de protocoale de comunicaie ntre aplicaii (pentru calculatoare) (optical logical
etalon) etalon logic optic
one/ zero
(1/ 0 signal) (semnal) binar
O-O
(object oriented) orientat pe obiect
OOO
(out of order) dereglat, deranjat, scos din funciune, defect
OOP
(object-oriented program (m)ing) programare orientat pe obiecte
op.
(operation) operaie, aciune, acionare, punere n funciune; (opposite) opus,
invers, contrar
OPAMP
(operational amplifier) amplificator operaional
opp.
(opposed) opus, invers, contrar; (opposite) opus, invers, contrar
opr.
(operator) operator, lucrtor
OPT
(optical potential transformer) transformator optic de tensiune
OR
(operational research) cercetare operaional

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ord.
(ordinary) simplu, obinuit, comun
orig.
(origin) origine, punct zero/ iniial; (original) original, prim, exemplar;
(originally) iniial, la origine
OS
(operating system) sistem de exploatare/ de operare/ de comand a executrii
programelor
OSAK
(open systems applications kernel) nucleu de aplicaii ale unor sisteme deschise
(inerconectate)
OSC
(oscillator) oscilator, circuit electronic generator de semnale cu o anumit
frecven
OSD
(on screen display) afiare pe ecran
OSF
(open software foundation) fundamentare a unui software deschis
OSI
(open system interconnecting) model de referin utilizabil pentru simplificarea
schimbului de date
OSPF
(open shortest path first) cel mai scurt traseu principal deschis (ntr-o reea de
calculatoare)
OST
(open systems interconnections) interconectare de sisteme n bucl deschis
OTP
(one-time programmable) programabil cu un timp
OV
(overvoltage) supratensiune

P
p., P
(power) putere; (pressure) presiune

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p.c., pct.
(per cent) procent, la sut, %
PA
(power amplifier/ booster) amplificator de putere
PAC
(personal access code) cod personal de acces (la un calculator)
PAL
(phase alternate line) faz alternant pe linie
PAM
(pulse amplitude modulation) modulaie de amplitudine a impulsurilor
par.
(paragraph) paragraf; (parallel) paralel // paralel
pat.
(patent), brevet; (patented) patentat; (pattern) mostr, model
PC
(personal computer) calculator personal, (printed circuit) circuit imprimat,
(program (me) counter) numrtor de program, registru de control
PCA
(principal component analysis) analiza componentei principale
PCI
(peripheral component interconnect) interconectare a componentelor periferice
PCM
(pulse-code modulation) modulaie de impulsuri codificate, (phase coded
modulation) modulaie de faze codificate
PCN
(personal communication network) reea personal de telecomunicaii
PCS
(personal communication services) servicii personale de telecomunicaii
PCTools
(personal computer tools) utilitar existent pe calculatoarele personale sub
sistemul de operare DOS
PD
(proportional derivative/ differential) proporional diferenial
PDC
(personal digital cellular) celular numeric/ digital personal

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PDF
(probability density function) densitate de probabilitate
PDMA
(polarization division multiple access) acces multiplu cu separare a polarizrii
PDP
(piecewise deterministic process) proces deterministic pe poriuni
PE
(potential energy) energie potenial/ acumulat, (processing element) element
de transformare/ procesare (probable error) eroare probabil
PEC
(perfect electric conductor) conductor perfect de electricitate
per.
(period) perioad, ciclu, durat, timp
PERT
(programme evaluation and review technique) metod de evaluare i revizuire
n mers a programelor; metod de determinare a drumului critic/ de conducere a
proiectelor de cercetare
PET
(position emission tomography) tomografie cu emisie de poziie
PFM
(pulse-frequency/ rate modulation) modulaie de frecven a impulsurilor
PFN
(pulse forming network) reea generatoare de impulsuri
PGA
(professional graphics adapter) adaptor grafic profesional (la calculatoare)
ph.
(phase) faz
PI
(power input) putere cerut/ absorbit, (proportional-integral) proporionalintegral
PID
(proportional-integral-derivative/ differential) proporional-integral-diferenial
PIF
(programme information file) fiier special care conine setri ce anun cum s
fie executate unele aplicaii

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PL 1
(programming language 1) limbaj de programare procedural de nivel nalt
destinat rezolvrii unor probleme dintr-o gam larg de aplicaii
PLA
(programmable logic array) reea logic programabil
PLAN
(problem language analyzer) generator i analizor de limbaj
PLC
(programmable logic controller) controler logic programabil, (power line carrier)
purttoare de informaiepe linie de cureni tari
PLD
(programmable logic device) dispozitiv logic programabil
PLL
(phase-locked loop) bucl nchis de faz
PM
(phase modulation) modulaie de faz, (permanent magnet) magnet permanent
PMU
(power monitoring unit) bloc de monitorizare de putere
PN
(pseudo-noise) zgomot fals
pot.
(potential)potenial
POWER
(performance optimized with enhanced risk) tehnologie IBM de executare a
procesoarelor
pp.
(pages) pagini (le)
prob.
(probable) probabil, presupus; (problem) problem
proc.
(proceeding) procedeu; (process) proces, prelucrare
PROLOG
(program (m)ing logic) limbaj de programare descriptiv netradiional utilizabil n
special la realizarea sistemelor expert

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PSC
(permanent split-capacitor) condensator conectat permanent
PSDN
(packet switched data network) reea de calculatoare cu comutarea pachetelor de
date
PSF
(point spread function) rspuns la impuls multidimensional
PSU
(power supply unit) bloc de alimentare de la reea
PSW
(program (me) status word) cuvnt de stare al unui program
PT
(potential transformer) transformator de tensiune
PWM
(pulse-width modulation) modulaie n lime a impulsului
PWR
(power) putere

Q
QAM
(quadrature amplitude modulation) modulaie n amplitudine cu defazare la 900
QIAM
(queued indexed access memory) metod de acces indexat cu rnd de ateptare
QISAM
(queued indexed sequential access method) metod de acces indexat secvenial,
cu rnd de ateptare
QOS
(quality of service) calitatea serviciului
qt.
(quantity) cantitate; mrime; mulime
ques., q.
(question) ntrebare; problem

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r
(range) domeniu; (ratio) coeficient, raport, relaie, proporie; (regular) regulat,
normal, curent, uniform; (residue) rest, reziduu; (right) drept
R
(real) real, adevrat, original; (resistor) rezisten electric, rezistor
R&D
(research and development) cercetare i dezvoltare
r., R
(radius) raz, distan
r.c.
(remote control) telecomand, control de la distan
r.m.s.
(root mean square) medie ptratic, valoare efectiv
RA
(resistor array) reea/ matrice de rezistoare
rad.
(radical) radical; (radio) radiodifuziune, radiorecepie; (radius) raz, distan;
(radix) baz (a unui sistem de numeraie etc.)
RADAR
(radio detecting and ranging) radiolocator, radar, radiolocaie, reperare prin
radio
RAM
(random access memory) memorie cu acces aleatoriu/ imediat/ direct
RBC
(radiation boundary conditions) condiii la frontier de radiaie (la infinit)
RC
(resistance-capacitance) rezisten-capacitate
RCD
(resistance-capacitance-diode) rezisten-capacitate-diod
RCT
(resistance-capacitance-transistor) rezisten-capacitate-tranzistor; (reverse
conducting thyristor) tiristor invers conductor
RDSL
(rate-adaptive digital subscriber line) linie telefonic digital de abonat cu vitez

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adaptiv
rect.
(rectangle) dreptunghi; (rectangular) dreptunghiular
reg.
(region) regiune; (register) registru; (regular) regulat; (regulation) reglare
REG, reg.
(regulated) controlat, ajustat, (etaj de alimentare) cu tensiunea de ieire stabilizat
REMCON
(remote control) telecomand, control de la distan
REPROM
(reprogrammable read only memory) memorie reprogramabil (memorie
permanent al crei coninut poate fi reprogramat de beneficiar)
res.
(research) cercetare, studiu; (reserve) rezerv; (residue) rest, reziduu
ret.
(retard) ntrziere; (return) retur, schimb, beneficiu
RF
(radio frequency) frecven radio
RFI
(radio frequency interference) interferen de frecvene radio
RFIC
(radio frequency integrated circuit) circuit integrat pentru frecvene radio
RISC
(reduced instruction set computer processor) calculator cu list redus de
instruciuni
RMS
(root-mean-squared error) eroare medie ptratic
rnd., rd.
(round) rotund, sferic, aproximativ, cerc, circumferin
ROM
(read only memory) memorie programabil numai pentru citire, memorie
permanent
RSFF
(RS flip-flop) multivibrator stabil RS (tip de circuit electronic de comutare)
RSGNN

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(recursive self-generating neural network) reea neural recursiv
autogeneratoare
RSSI
(received signal strength indicator) indicator al intensitii semnalului
recepionat
rst., RST
(reset) resetare, tergere, aducere n starea iniial (a unui calculator, circuit logic
etc)
RT
(receive-transmit) receptor-emitor
rt.
(right) drept, perpendicular
RTL
(real time language) limbaj n timp real (pentru programarea aplicaiilor)
RTU
(remote terminal unit) unitate terminal cu telecomand/ comand de la distan

S
s.
(second) secund; de calitate inferioar, secundar; (section) seciune, parte, secie,
paragraf, capitol; (see)vezi; (semi) semi, jumtate; (series) serie
S
(search) cutare-redare; (signal) semnal; (source) surs
s.a.
(sectional area) suprafa a seciunii transversale, seciune transversal
SAA
(system application architecture) set de standarde (pentru interfee utilizator,
interfee software, protocoale de comunicare etc) introdus de firma IBM
SAS
(single-attachment station) staie de conectare cu ataare singular (n reelele de
calculatoare)
SAW
(saw-tooth waveform) impuls n dini de ferstru; (surface acoustic wave) und
acustic de suprafa

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SBY
(stand-by)de rezerv, auxiliar, stare de ateptare, a fi gata (de emisie), a rmne
(pe recepie)
sc.
(scale) scal; (science)tiin, ndemnare; (scientific)tiinific; (screw)urub
SCADA
(supervisory control and data acquisition system) sistem teleinformaional i de
teleconducere a instalaiilor
sci., sc.
(science) tiin; (scientific)tiinific
scl.
(scale) scal
SCL
(system control language) limbaj de control al sistemului, limbaj de comand
SCP
(switch control processor) procesor pentru comanda comutrilor; (service control
point) punct de control al serviciilor
SCSI
(small computer systems interconnect) interconectare a unor sisteme de calcul
mici; (small computer system interface) standard de interfa pentru sisteme mici
de calculatoare
sd.
(sound) sunet, zgomot
SD
(standard density) densitate standard (de stocare a informaiei pe discuri
flexibile)
SDLC
(synchronous data link control) control al legturii datelor sincrone (protocol de
comunicaie pe o linie sincron)
sec.
(secant)secant; secant; (second)secund; de calitate inferioar; (secondary)
secundar, suplimentar; (section) seciune, segment, parte, secie, profil, paragraf,
capitol

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SECAM
(squentiel couleur mmoire, sequential colo (u)r and memory) culoare
transmis secvenial cu memorie, sistem de televiziune n culori cu 625 linii
dezvoltat n Frana
sect., sec., s.
(section) seciune, segment, parte, secie, paragraf, capitol
sel.
(selected) ales, selectat, selecionat, sortat, triat; (selection) selecionare, selectare,
selecie, triere, sortare
seq.
(sequel) urmare, continuare, consecin, rezultat; (sequentes, sequentia)
urmtorii, urmtoarele
ser.
(serial) n serie, succesiv, la rnd, serial; (series) serie; (service) service, ntreinere,
exploatare, serviciu, regim
servo.
(servo-circuit) servocircuit, circuit folosit pentru controlul funciunilor; (servomechanism, servo-unit) servomecanism
S-expression
(symbolic expression) expresie S (utilizat pentru reprezentarea textual a listelor
unidirecionale), expresie simbolic
SF
(source follower (circuit)) repetor pe emitor, circuit electronic cu ieire pe
electrodul-surs
SFT
(system fault tolerance) sistem tolerant la defecte, metod de meninere a
funcionalitii unui sistem n condiiile defectrii unor pri ale acestuia
sgl.
(single) singular, singur, unic, individual, separat
sig., Sig.
(signal) semnal, indicator, semnalizator; (signature) semntur, fascicul,
signatur
SIMD
(single instruction multiple data) o singur instruciune fluxuri multiple de
date (caracteristic a calculatoarelor)

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SIMM
(single in-line memory module) circuit de memorie pentru dispozitive logice
individuale (module)
SIMULA
(simulation language) limbaj de programare pentru simularea sistemelor discrete
SIO
(start input/ output) instruciune de pornire a dispozitivului de intrri/ ieiri
SIP
(single in-line package) tablou unic de circuite de calculator asamblate logic
SISD
(single instruction single data) o singur instruciune flux unic de date
(caracteristic a calculatoarelor)
SISO
(single input single output) (sistem) cu o intrare i o ieire
SMP
(symmetric multiprocessing) multiprelucrare simetric (ntr-un sistem care
conine mai multe procesoare cu o memorie comun)
SN, S/ N
(signal to noise ratio) raport semnal/ zgomot
SNA
(system network architecture) protocol care permite conectarea n reea a mai
multor generaii i tipuri de calculatoare
SNMP
(simple network management protocol) protocol simplu de gestionare a unei
reele de calculatoare
SOL
(solenoid) solenoid, bobin cilindric fr miez feromagnetic
SPARC
(Sun parallel architecture) arhitectur paralel Sun (structur eficient, prin
optimizarea setului de instruciuni); (scaled processor architecture) arhitectur cu
procesor demultiplicat
SPD
(software product description) descriere a unui produs program

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spec.
(special) special, particular, determinant; (specially) n mod special;
(specification) specificaie; (specified) specificat
SPG
(system program (me) generator) macroprocesor conceput pentru
implementareatranslatoarelor limbajelor de programare
SPS
(serial-parallel-serial) serie-paralel-serie (mod de conectare a circuitelor
electronice)
SPX
(sequenced packet exchange) protocol de comunicaii n reea utilizat pentru
accesul la fiier, pentru transferul datelor i pentru verificarea transmiterii
sq.
(sequence) secven, succesiune, ir; (square) ptrat
SQL
(standard/ structured query language) limbaj pentru interogarea bazelor de date
relaionale
SQUID
(superconducting quantum interference device) dispozitiv supraconductor cu
interferen cuantic
SRAM
(static random-access memory) memorie static cu acces aleatoriu
SRDB
(system registration database) baz de date de nregistrare la nivel de sistem
SSB
(single sideband) band lateral unic (la transmiterea semnalelor)
SSG
(sync signal generator) circuit de control al semnalelor folosite la baleiaj (n tv.)
SSI
(small-scale integrated) (circuit) integrat pe scar redus; (small scale
integration) integrare pe scar redus
SSSC
(single-sideband suppressed-carrier system) sistem (de emisie) cu band lateral
unic i suprimarea undei purttoare

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ST
(synchronous transmission) transmisie sincron a datelor
sta.
(stationary) staionar; (stator) stator
std.
(standard) standard
s.u.
(servo unit) servomechanism; (set-up) organigram a programului
sub.
(subscript) index, indice (inferior)
subj.
(subject) subiect, tem, materie de studiu, specialitate
subst.
(substitute) nlocuitor, surogat, (pies de) schimb
sum.
(summation) sumare, totalizare
super.
(superior) superior
supp., suppl., sup.
(supplement) anex, apendice; (supplementary) suplimentar, adiional
supr.
(supreme) suprem, extrem, critic
sur.
(surplus) surplus, excedent; (survey) studiu, cercetare, expertiz; (surveyor)
controlor, supraveghetor, inspector, geometru
SVC
(supervisor call) apel supervisor; (switched virtual circuit) circuit virtual comutat
SW
(short wave) und scurt; (switch) element de comutare
swbd.
(switchboard) tablou de distribuie/ de msurare i control, pupitru de comand
sy.
(survey) studiu, cercetare, expertiz, inspectare
SYSCON
(system control) sistem (de circuite) de control

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syst.
(system) sistem, reea, metod de organizare
SIMD
(single-instruction stream, multiple-data stream) flux unic de instruciuni, flux
multiplu de date
SISD
(single-instruction stream, single-data stream) flux unic de instruciuni, flux unic
de date
SDMA
(space division multiple access) acces multiplu cu divizare a spaiului
SAM
(standard additive model) model standard aditiv
SCA
(station control error) eroare a instalaiei de transmis comenzi
SWE
(Schrdinger wave equation) ecuaia undelor a lui Schrdinger
SDH
(synchronous digital hierarchy) ierarhie numeric sincron
SDRAM
(synchronous dynamic RAM) memorie cu acces aleatoriu dinamic sincron
SDS
(structured distribution systems) sisteme cu distribuie structurat
SEOD
(self-electro-optic device) servo-dispozitiv electro-optic
SOM
(self organizing map) aplicaie cu auto-organizare
SGNN
(self-generating neural network) reea neural auto-generatoare
SGNT
(self-generating neural tree) arbore neural auto-generator
SONT
(self-organizing neural tree) arbore neural auto-organizator
SIR
(signal-to-interference ratio) raport semnal-interferen

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SNIR
(signal-to-noise plus interference ratio) raport semnal-zgomot plus interferen
SNR
(signal-to-noise ratio) raport semnal-zgomot
SITH
(static induction thyristor) tiristor cu inducie electrostatic
SSD
(solid state desk) pupitru logic de memorie cu semiconductori
SSPH
(solid state power amplifier) amplificator de putere cu semiconductori
SONET
(synchronous optical network) dispozitiv optic sincron
SOP
(sum of products) sum de produse
SPR
(strictly positive real) real strict pozitiv (cu parte real strict pozitiv)
STP
(signal transfer point) punct de transfer al semnalului
SV
(single variable) o singur variabil; (singular value) valoare singular
SVD
(singular value decomposition) descompunere dup valoarile singulare

T
3-D
(three-dimensional) tridimensional, n trei dimensiuni
T&M
(test and maintenance) program de testare i ntreinere a echipamentuluide
calcul
t.e.m.f.
(thermal/ thermo electromotive force) tensiune electromotoare termic
(termoelectromotoare)
T/ R
(transmit/ receive) transmite/ recepioneaz

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TA
(transistor array) matrice (reea) de tranzistoare; (treatment allowance) coeficient
de pierdere (de manipulare)
TABSOL
(tabular systems oriented language) limbaj de programare tabelar TABSOL
TARC
(top antireflective coating) strat antireflectant superior
taxon.
(taxonomic) taxonomic, relativ la clasificare; (taxonomy) taxonomie, tiin a
clasificrii
TBC
(time-base corrector) corector al bazei de timp
TCB
(task control block) bloc de comand a problemelor; bloc de control al sarcinii
TCP
(transmission control protocol) protocol de comand a transmisiei de date
TCSC
(thyristor-controlled-series compensator) compensator n serie controlat de un
tiristor
TCUL
(tap changing under load) racord variabil la sarcin
TDD
(total demand distortion) distorsiune a cererii totale; (time division duplexing)
duplexare prin divizarea timpului/ cu repartiie n timp
TDM
(time division multiplexing) multiplexare prin divizarea timpului/ cu repartiie
n timp
TDMA
(time division multiple access) acces multiplu prin repartiie temporal
TE
(transverse electric (wave)) (und) electric transversal
TEA
(transverse-excitation-atmospheric (laser)) (laser) atmosferic cu excitaie
transversal

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tec.
(technical) tehnic, formal; (technicals) detalii tehnice, terminologie tehnic
techn.
(technical) tehnic, formal; (technically) din punct de vedere tehnic; (technician)
tehnician; (technological) tehnologic, tehnic; (technology) tehnologie, tiine
tehnice (aplicate)
technol., techn.
(technological) tehnologic, tehnic; (technology) tehnologie, tiine tehnice
(aplicate)
TEM
(transverse electromagnetic (wave)) (und) electromagnetic transversal
tfr., trans.
(transfer) transfer, transformare, transpunere, a transfera
th.
(thermistor; thermistance) termistor; (thyristor) tiristor
THD
(total harmonic distortions) distorsiuni armonice totale (caracteristic unui
semnal electric)
theor.
(theorem) teorem
TIFF
(tagged image file format) format de fiier imagine marcat
TLM
(transmission line measurement) msurare a liniei electrice
TOC
(time overcurrent) perioad de supracurent
TOI
(third-order intercept) interceptare de ordinul al treilea
tot.
(total) total, n ntregime
TP
(test point) punct de testare (de msurare)
TPBVP
(two-point boundary value problem) problem mixt cu dou condiii la
frontier

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403
tr.
(transformer) transformator; (translated) translatat, retransmis; (translation)
traducere, decodificare, translaie, retransmisie
trans.
(transfer) transformare, transpunere, transfer, a transfera; (transformer)
transformator; (translated) tradus, transpus, translatat; (translation) traducere,
translaie, retransmisie, decodificare; (translator) translator, traductor
transl., trans., tr.
(translated) tradus, translatat, transpus, retransmis
trig.
(trigonometry) trigonometrie
TSR
("terminate and stay resident") "nceteaz i stai rezident" (mod de operare n care
programele executate sunt reinute n memorie, putnd fi reactivate)
TTF
(true type fonts) caractere cu aspect similar (pe ecranul monitorului i la
imprimant)
TTL
(transistor-transistor logic) logic tranzistor-tranzistor
TTLIC
(transistor-transistor logic integrated circuit) circuit integrat logic tranzistortranzistor
TTS
(transaction tracking system) sistem complex de protecie a transmiterii datelor

U
u.
(unit) unitate de msur, element, factor; (upper) parte superioar, de sus
u.h.f., UHF
(ultrahigh frequency) frecven ultranalt (UIF: canalele tv 21-69)
UART
(universal asynchronous receiver/ transmiter) receptor/ emitor asincron
UCA
(uniform circular array) reea circular uniform

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UCL
(upper control limit) limit superioar de control
UDC
(Universal Decimal Classification) Clasificarea zecimal internaional a
lucrrilor de specialitate
UDT
(unidirectional transducer) traductor/ convertor unidirecional
UEESLA
(uniformly excited equally spaced linear array) reea liniar excitat uniform
UEP
(unequal error protection) protecie inegal la erori
UHV
(ultrahigh voltage) tensiune (electric) ultranalt
UI
(user interface) interfa utilizator, mod de comunicare ntre om i calculator
ULA
(uniform linear array) reea liniar uniform
ULSI
(ultra-large scale integration) tehnologie de realizare a circuitelor integrate cu
peste 104 pori logice, integrare pe scar ultralarg
ult.
(ultimate) ultim, final, limit, extrem, fundamental, maxim; (ultimately) la urm,
la sfrit, n cele din urm, fundamental
UMA
(upper memory area) zon de memorie superioar
UMB
(upper memory block) bloc de memorie superioar
unasg.
(unassigned) neatribuit, nedistribuit, nerepartizat
Univ.
(universal) universal, general, unanim; (university) universitate; universitar,
academic
UNIVAC
(universal automatic computer) calculator automat universal

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unreg.
(unregulated) surs de putere nestabilizat strict
up., u.
(upper) parte superioar; superior
UPS
(uninterruptible power supply) alimentare suplimentar nentreruptibil cu
energie electric
US
(unserviceable) nefolositor, inutil; nerezistent, nedurabil
UUCP
(unix to unix copy)reea global internaional de calculatoare care folosesc
reeaua public de date

V
V, vert.
(vertical) vertical; vertical; linie perpendicular
v.
(valve) valv, supap, ventil; (vertical) vertical; (vide, see) vezi; (volume) volum
v., V
(vector) vector; (voltage) tensiune electric, tensiune electromotoare
v., V, vel.
(velocity) vitez
v., vac.
(vacuum) vid, vacuum
v., vs.
(versus, against) contra; n comparaie cu; n funcie de
v., vy.
(very) foarte, extrem, deosebit de, cu totul, absolut; adevrat, autentic, real, exact,
precis
VAR
(volt-ampere-reactive) reactan volt-amper
var.
(variable) variabil; variabil, schimbtor; (variant) variant, versiune; (variation)
variaie; (variety) varietate, specie; (various) divers, diferit, distinct

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VCO
(voltage-controlled oscillator) oscilator comandat prin tensiune
VCP
(visual comfort probability) probabilitate de confort vizual
VDL
(Vienna definition language) definiia Viena a limbajelor de programare
VDS
(drain-to-source voltage) tensiune de descrcare la surs
VDSL
(very high-speed digital subscriber line) linie de abonat numeric de foarte mare
vitez
VDU
(visual display unit) tastatur optic programat
vel.
(vellum) vellum, pergament subire; (velocity) vitez
VFO
(variable frequency oscillator) oscilator cu frecven variabil
VHF, v.h.f.
(very high frequency) foarte nalt frecven (FIF); frecven cuprins ntre 30 i
300 MHz
VHSIC
(very high speed integrated circuits) microcircuite integrate; (very high speed
integrated circuit) circuit integrat ultrarapid
VIP
(variable information processing) prelucrare variabil a informaiei
VLF, v.l.f.
(very low frequency) frecven foarte joas (cuprins ntre 10 i 30 kHz)
VLIW
(very long instruction word) cuvnt instruciune foarte lung
VLR
(very low range) domeniu (band) foarte ngust ()
VLSI
(very-large-scale-integration) integrare pe scar foarte mare

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VODER
(voice operation demonstrator) dispozitiv de sintetizare a vocii; generator de voce
artificial
VODOCODER
(voice-operated coder) dispozitiv pentru crearea artificial a vocii umane
VOGAD
(voice-operated gain-adjusting device) dispozitiv comandat prin voce cu putere
de ieire constant
VOM
(volt-ohm-milliammeter) amper-volt-ohmmetru; avometru
VR
(variable resistor) rezisten variabil; (voltage regulator) stabilizator de tensiune
VSAT
(very small aperture terminal) terminal de deschidere foarte mic
VSC
(video system controller) sistem de comand video
VSE
(virtual storage extended) memorie virtual extins

W
w.
(white) alb; (wide) lat; (width) lime; (with) cu; (word) cuvnt; (wrong) greit,
fals, eronat
w., wt.
(weight) greutate
w.a., W/ A
(with average) cu avarie
WABI
(WINDOWS applications binary interface) interfa soft care permite rularea
aplicaiilor WINDOWS fr recompilare
WAN
(wide area network) reea general de date; reea (de calculatoare) cu larg
rspndire; reea de comunicaii ntre diferite sisteme de calcul

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wd.
(word) cuvnt
WDM
(wavelength division multiplexing) multiplexare/ utilizare multipl prin
divizare a lungimii de und
WHT
(Walsh-Hadamard transform) transformarea Walsh-Hadamard
WK
(worked) prelucrat
wk.
(work) lucru; activitate; munc; ocupaie; oper; lucrare; pies; produs; obligaie
wks.
(works) fabric; uzin
WL
(water line) linie de plutire; (wavelength) lungime de und
WMSE
(weighted mean squared error) eroare medie ptrat ponderat
WORM
(write once read many) scrie o dat i citete de multe ori
WP
(word processing) procesare de texte (creare i editare de texte; realizare de cri,
articole, scrisori etc. cu ajutorul calculatorului)
wt., w.
(weight) greutate
WV
(working voltage) tensiune de lucru; tensiune normal de alimentare

X
X
(abscissa) abscis; (horizontal) orizontal ()
XA
(extended architecture) arhitectur extins a unui sistem de calcul
XGA
(extended graphics array) standard grafic realizat de IBM

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XOR
(Exclusive OR) SAU exclusiv
XT
(extended technology) tehnologie extins/ dezvoltat (codificare pentru anumite
tipuri de calculatoare personale, de exemplu IBM-PC XT)

Y
y.
(year) an; (yearly) anual
Y
(ordinate) ordonat
Y/ N
(Yes or No) Da sau Nu (n mesajele afiate de calculator)

Z
z., Z
(zero) zero; (zone) zon
ZCS
(zero-current switching) comutare la curent nul
ZIR
(zero input response) rspuns liber (rspuns la intrare nul)
Z-matrix
(impedance matrix) matrice de impedane
Z-meter
(impedance meter) aparat pentru msurarea impedanelor; impedanmetru
ZOH
(zero order hold) fixare de ordin zero
ZSR
(zero state response) rspuns forat (rspuns la stare iniial nul)

Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
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Brndua Rileanu
Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
411

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Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
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Dicionar romnenglez de termeni matematici i tehnici
RomanianEnglish Dictionary of Mathematical and Technical Terms
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