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COMPETITIVITATE

SI EDUCATIE
CALITATE SI COMPETITIVITATE - 1

Competitivate si educatie intr-o


lume globalizata

The Global Competitiveness


Report
- World Economic Forum -

The Global Competitiveness


Report
twelve analitical pillars

Instituiile publice i private


Infrastructura
Macroeconomia

Sntatea i educaia primar


Educaia superioar i training-ul
Eficiena pieelor
Eficiena pieei muncii
Complexitatea pieei financiare
Tehnologia
Dimensiunea pieelor
Complexitatea afacerilor
Inovaiile

The Global Competitiveness


Report

Piloni care se exprima in relatie cu


educatia

P5. Educaia superioar i training-ul

Rata de cuprindere n nvmntul secundar


Rata de cuprindere n nvmntul teriar
Calitatea sistemului de nvmnt
Calitatea educaiei n tiine i matematic
Calitatea managementului n instituiile de nvmnt
Accesul la internet n instituiile de nvmnt
Disponibilitatea serviciilor de formare profesional i cercetare
Gradul de pregtire a personalului
Ramoniene, L., Lanskoronskis, M. (2011), in (Liana Badea & Angela Rogojanu, 2012)

Piloni care se exprima in relatie cu


educatia

P12. Inovaiile Calitatea instituiilor de cercetare tiinific

Cheltuielile companiilor pentru cercetare i dezvoltare


Colaborarea universitilor i mediului de afaceri n activitatea
de cercetare

Oameni de tiin i ingineri


P7. Eficiena pieei muncii

Brain drain

P9. Tehnologia

Disponibilitatea celor mai recente tehnologii


Sursa: Ramoniene, L., Lanskoronskis, M. (2011), in (Liana Badea & Angela Rogojanu, 2012)

Globalizare
Competitivita
teEducatie

Competitiveness at a glance /
PISA

Higher scores value for


money value for human
capital
Bertocchi&Spagat invatamantul gimnazial este
pozitiv legat de cresterea PIB-ului ptr tarile sarace
Hanuschek&Kimko scorurile la testarile de tip
international reprezinta indicatori ai calitatii fortei
de munca iar aceste scoruri sunt corelate pozitiv
cu cresterea economica
Chen&Luoh punctajele mari la matematica si
stiinte reflecta doar o abilitate in pregatirea
pentru examene si nu neaparat o calitate
exceptionala a capitalului uman
(Liana Badea & Angela Rogojanu, 2012)

Rezultate PISA urban versus rural,


OECD 2012

40 de puncte reprezint aproximativ echivalentul unei clase, OECD, 2012

Randi Weingarten President,


American Federation of Teachers

Many American education policies

reinforce the inadequacies of our approach


to education: the misuse of standardized
testing, narrowing of the curriculum,
emphasis on competition over
collaboration, and other top-down
reforms divorced from classroom
realities. Deep, harmful, and ongoing
cuts to education have set us even further
back.

The US public reaction

Craig R.Barrett, Former CEO and


Chairman, Intel Corporation

Good tools help make education

more interesting and exciting, but


ultimately quality of education
comes down to quality of the
teacherThe role of teacher
should be changed

Teacher Education:
educational investments
versus degree

Changing role of teachers


direct transmission beliefs /
constructivist beliefs

Changing role of teacher

Changing role of teachers from


knowledge transmitters to knowledge
creators

New role of teacher for


new learning expectations
Teachers should make
learning essential,
authentic and
relevant according to
the classroom
realities and students
needs

Steven Brill, Author and


Entrepreneur
Anything we do
today to fix our
failing public
schools will
take fifteen to
twenty years to
show significant
results.

The next level of world ranking


pillars

Calitate si
competitivit
ate

NIVELE DE
CALIFICARE
Profesionalizare/
Aprofundare L-M-D
Educatie si cercetare
Teorie si practic

Centrarea pe student
REZULTATELE
NVRII

COMPETENE

Competente transversale
Competene reflexive

EQF
RESTRUCTURAREA
STUDIILOR

DIFERENIEREA
NIVELELOR
CURRICULARE

MOBILITATE

Bologna

EHEA

ECTS

RECUNOATERE

TRANSFERABILITATE

INSTRUMENTE
CURRICULARE

QA
Ierarhizare/Ranking
Transparenta /
incredere
Leadership/guvernanta
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EVALUARE
EXTERN
EVALUARE
INTERN

CULTURA
CALITII

Validarea competentelor
nonformale
Consiliere
Joint / double degree

Asigurarea Calitii - QA
Asigurarea extern a calitii:
acreditarea i evaluarea calitii agenii
externe
Registru European al AgentiilorEQAR
Agentii nationale - ARACIS
Asigurarea intern a calitii:
proiectarea, implementarea i evaluarea
procedurilor institutionale specifice
Dezvoltarea culturii calitii n
universitati de la slogan la bune practici
institutionale
Identificarea barierelor i a efectelor
adverse
ale imperialismului calitii
10

Asigurarea Calitii - QA
perspectivele proceselor de QA
ierarhizare / ranking-uri
procese de facilitate a transparentei

cresterea increderii publice in serviciile


de educatie oferite de institutiile de
invatamant superior
calibrarea strategiilor si a
instrumentelor specifice in raport cu
misiunea referitoare la QA (ex. analiza
misiunilor universitatilor)
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Rankinguri si sisteme de ierarhizare,


Ellen Hazelkorn, 2012

References

Education Reform and U.S. Competitiveness, Authors: Craig R.


Barrett, Former CEO and Chairman, Intel Corporation Diane
Ravitch, Research Professor of Education, New York University
Randi Weingarten, President, American Federation of Teachers
Steven Brill, Author and Entrepreneur, 2011

21st Century Skills,Education & Competitiveness, Resource and


Policy Guide. Additional resources are available on our Web site,
www.21stcenturyskills.org

Liana Badea & Angela Rogojanu, Controverse privind relatia


educatie superioara capital uman competitivitate, in Economie
Teoretica si aplicata, Vol.XIX(2012), No.12(577), pp.122-139

World Economic Forum, The Global Competitiveness Report,


2013-2014

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ROMITA IUCU
UNIVERSITATEA DIN
BUCURESTI