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FACTORS AFFECTING IMPLEMENTATION OF CENTRALIZED WASTE

MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN PRIVATE HEALTHCARE FACILITIES IN NAIROBI


COUNTY

Inferential Analysis
Correlation analysis
To quantify the strength of the relationship between the variables, the study used Karl Pearsons
coefficient of correlation.
The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient (or Pearson correlation coefficient for short)
is a measure of the strength of a linear association between two variables and is denoted by r.
The Pearson correlation coefficient, r, can take a range of values from +1 to -1. A value of 0
indicates that there is no association between the two variables. A value greater than 0 indicates a
positive association, that is, as the value of one variable increases so does the value of the other
variable. A value less than 0 indicates a negative association, that is, as the value of one variable
increases the value of the other variable decreases.

Availability of finance
Sig. p-Values
Revenue stream
Sig. p-Values
Technical preparedness
Sig. p-Values
government policy
Sig. p-Values
management of healthcare
Sig. p-Values

management of
healthcare

government
policy

Technical
preparedness

Revenue stream

Availability of
finance

Correlation analysis results


Table 1: Correlation and the coefficient of determination

1
1
.958
.949

.814

.461
.
.435

.64

.905

1
1

.461

.502

.779

.1

From the findings, it was clear that there was a positive correlation between Availability of
finance and Revenue stream as shown by a correlation figure of 0.958, it was also clear that there
was a positive correlation between Availability of finance and Technical preparedness with a
correlation figure of 0.94, it was also clear that there was also a positive correlation between
Availability of finance and government policy with a correlation value of 0.461. This shows that
there was positive correlation among factors affecting implementation of centralized waste
management system (Availability of finance Revenue stream, Technical preparedness, government
policy and management of healthcare) in private hospitals in Nairobi.

Regression Analysis
Regression analysis is the statistical technique that identifies the relationship between two or
more quantitative variables: a dependent variable, whose value is to be predicted, and an
independent or explanatory variable (or variables), about which knowledge is available. The
technique is used to find the equation that represents the relationship between the variables.

Multiple regressions provide an equation that predicts one variable from two or more
independent variables.
Purposes of the technique
Regression analysis is used to understand the statistical dependence of one variable on other
variables. The technique can show what proportion of variance between variables is due to the
dependent variable, and what proportion is due to the independent variables. The relation
between the variables can be illustrated graphically, or more usually using an equation. The
study adopted multiple regression guided by the following model:
Regression model
Y= 0 + 1X1+ 2X2+ 3 X3+ 4X4 + 5X5
Where
Y= Implementation of centralized waste
0 = Constant Term (when 1 5 =0)
1 5(Beta coefficients )
X1- Availability of finance
X2- Revenue stream
X3- Technical preparedness
X4 government policy
X5 -management of healthcare

Regression Results
In this part implementation of centralized waste was regressed against the five variables
(Availability of finance Revenue stream, Technical preparedness, government policy and management of
healthcare). The results are presented in the following tables;

Model Summary

Model
1

Adjusted R Square

Std. Error of the


Estimate

. 918a

.843

.805

.51038

a. Predictors: (Constant), Availability of finance, Revenue stream, Technical preparedness,


government policy, management of healthcare

In this case, the coefficient of determination (the percentage variation in the dependent variable
being explained by the changes in the independent variables) R2 equals 84.3, that is, Availability
of finance Revenue stream, Technical preparedness, government policy and management of
healthcare explain 84.3 percent of the variance in implementation of centralized waste.

ANOVA of the Regression

Model
1
Regression
Residual

Sum of
Squares

Mean Square

2.113

df
5

15.554

30

.522

.528

F
1.012

Sig.
.00407

Total

37
16.667
a. Predictors: (Constant), Availability of finance Revenue stream, Technical
preparedness, government policy and management of healthcare
b. Dependent Variable: implementation of centralized waste
In this case, the significance value of the F statistic is 0.00407 indicating that all the predictor
variables (Availability of finance Revenue stream, Technical preparedness, government policy
and management of healthcare) explain variation in implementation of centralized waste. As a
result, we accept the hypothesis that all the population values for the regression coefficients are
not 0.
Regression Coefficients Results
Unstandardized
Standardized
Coefficients
Coefficients
Model
B
Std. Error
Beta
1
(Constant)
.260
.460
Availability of finance
.575
.048
.254
Revenue stream
.170
.045
.300
Technical preparedness
.251
.023
.113
government policy
.131
2.074
.056
management of healthcare
0.753
.088
-.167
a. Dependent Variable: implementation of centralized waste

Regression equation
Based on the above results the regression equation can be written as follows;
Y = 0.260 + .575X1 + 0.170X2 + 0.251X3 +.131 X4+0.753

t
3.243
2.729
3.778
2.217
2.444
1.379

Sig.
.003
.001
.002
.004
.000
.0041

The multiple linear regression models indicate that all the independent variables have positive
coefficients. The regression results above reveal that there is a positive relationship between
dependent variable (implementation of centralized waste) and independent variables (Availability
of finance, Revenue stream, Technical preparedness, government policy and management of
healthcare).
From the findings the order of significance of the influencing on implementation of centralized
waste management system in private healthcare facilities in Nairobi county is as follows;
management of healthcare, Availability of finance, Technical preparedness ,Revenue stream and
government policy