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47100 PUCHONG

SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN.

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS 2010

CLASS : 5 AMANAH

IC NUMBER : 930805-10-5119

[ CONTENT ]

INTRODUCTION…………………………………………..1

AIM………………………………………………………….2

PART 1…………………………………………………...3 - 6

PART 2……………………………………………….…..7 - 8

PART 3………………………………………………….9 - 12

CONCLUSION………………………………………...13 - 14

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT…………………………………..15

[ INTRODUCTION ]

event, if repeated many times the sequence of random events will exhibit

in quantum mechanics.

[ AIM ]

problem;

that increases students’ interest and confidence;

precisely;

effective learning;

PROJECT WORK

[ PART 1 ]

(A) History:

(B) Two categories of PROBABILITY

and day. Empirical probability is the data that has been proven through

trial and error such as the statics on the accidents that involve driving

while under the influence. Even the proven data for deaths that are

chance you are right much like playing a game of cards you are taking

that chance you have the better hand. Insurance policies are made

Based on that, it can be calculated what the chance (and thus the cost) is

of a certain event. (professional) Gambling is about theoretical

probability. One can assume that all the chips, cards, tables or whatever

are completely fair (or even calculate the unfairness, based on the

playing as a factor. There is always a chance that someone dies under the

knife, or that someone cures on their own. Based on those odds, a doctor

could advise for or against certain procedures. Those odds are based on

[ PART 2 ]

(A) When we playing the monopoly, we have to toss the die once to find

who is going to start the game first. The possible outcomes when we toss

the die is 1,2,3,4,5, and 6. This is because a die has 6 surface as shown

in Figure 1.

Figure 1.

(B) When we tossed two dice simultaneously, the possible outcomes is as

DIE1/DI

E2 1 2 3 4 5 6

1 (1,1) (1,2) (1,3) (1,4) (1,5) (1,6)

2 (2,1) (2,2) (2,3) (2,4) (2,5) (2,6)

3 (3,1) (3,2) (3,3) (3,4) (3,5) (3,6)

4 (4,1) (4,2) (4,3) (4,4) (4,5) (4,6)

5 (5,1) (5,2) (5,3) (5,4) (5,5) (5,6)

6 (6,1) (6,2) (6,3) (6,4) (6,5) (6,6)

Table 1.

[ PART 3 ]

Sum of the

dots on both

turned-up Probability,

faces (x) Possible outcomes P(x)

2 (1,1) 1/36

3 (1,2),(2,1) 1/18

4 (1,3),(2,2),(3,1) 1/12

5 (1,4),(2,3),(4,1),(3,2) 1/9

(5,1),(4,2),(3,3),(2,4),

6 (1,5) 5/36

(6,1),(5,2),(4,3),(3,4),

7 (2,5),(1,6) 6/36

(6,2),(5,3),(4,4),(3,5),

8 (2,6) 5/36

9 (6,3),(5,4),(4,5),(3,6) 1/9

10 (6,4),(4,6),(5,5) 1/12

11 (6,5),(5,6) 1/18

12 (6,6) 1/36

Table 2.

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2010| 10

(B) Based on the Table 2:

(1,4),(1,5),(1,6),(2,1),(2,3),(2,4),(2,5),(2,6),

(3,1),(3,2),(3,4),(3,5),(3,6),(4,1),(4,2),(4,3),(4,5),(4,6),

(5,1), (5,2),(5,3),(5,4),(5,6),(6,1),(6,2),(6,3),(6,4),(6,5)}

=ø

P = {(2,2),(2,3),(2,5),(3,3),(3,5),(5,3),(5,5)}

Q = {(1,2),(1,4),(1,6),(2,1),(3,4),(3,6),(4,1),(4,3),(4,5),(5,4),

(5,6),(6,1),(6,3),(6,5)}

between two numbers is odd}

C = {P U Q}

C = {(1,2),(1,4),(1,6),(2,1),(2,2),(2,3),(2,5),(3,2),(3,3),(3,4),

(3,6),(4,1),(4,3),(4,5),(5,2),(5,3),(5,4),(5,5),(5,6),(6,1),

(6,3),(6,5)}

D = {P ∩ R}

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2010| 11

D = {(2,2),(3,3),(3,5),(5,3),(5,5)}

[ PART 4 ]

times. The frequency (f) of the sum of all dots on both turned-up faces

has been recorded in Table 3 below. The value of mean, variance and

(x) Frequency(f) fx fx²

2 2 4 8

3 5 15 45

4 5 20 80

5 1 5 25

6 4 24 144

7 8 56 392

8 8 64 512

9 5 45 405

10 7 70 700

11 3 33 363

12 2 24 288

Total 50 360 2962

Table 3.

Mean = 360÷50

= 7.2

Varience = 2962÷50-7.2²

= 7.4

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2010| 12

Standard Deviation = √7.4

= 2.72

(B) When the number of tossed of the two dice simultaneously is increase to

(C)Another activity same as (A) has been conducted by tossing two dice

numbers (x) y(f) fx fx²

2 2 4 8

3 6 18 54

4 10 40 160

5 9 45 144

6 16 96 576

7 17 119 833

8 12 96 768

9 11 99 891

10 13 130 1300

11 2 22 242

12 2 24 288

Total 100 693 5264

Table 4.

Mean = 693÷100

= 6.93

Varience = 5264÷100-6.93²

= 4.6151

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2010| 13

Standard Deviation = √4.6151

= 2.148

[ PART 5 ]

(A)Based on Table 2, the actual mean, the varience and the standard

deviation of the sum of all dots on the turned-up faces by using the

Mean = ∑ x P(x)

numbers (x) Frequency (f) fx fx²

2 1 2 4

3 2 6 18

4 3 12 48

5 4 20 100

6 5 30 180

7 6 42 294

8 5 40 320

9 4 36 324

10 3 30 300

11 2 22 242

12 1 12 144

total 36 252 1974

Maen = 252÷36

=7

Varience = 1974÷36-7²

= 5.83

= 2.415

(B) The mean, variance and standard deviation obtained in

Deviation.

Part 4

Part 5

n= 50 n= 100

Mean 7.2 6.93 7

Variance 7.4 4.6151 5.83

Standard

deviation 2.72 2.148 2.415

(C)The range of mean of the sum of all dots on the turned-

FURTHER EXPLORATION

then roughly half of the time it will turn up heads, and the other half it

will turn up tails. Furthermore, the more often the coin is tossed, the

more likely it should be that the ratio of the number of heads to the

statistical theory.

It follows from LLN that if an event of probability p is observed

towards p.

probability p and 0 with probability 1-p. E(Yi) = p for all i and it follows

[ ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ]

complete

throughout this experiment. Special thanks to my friends for their help, and

that in the years to come, those skills will be put to good use.

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