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Landslides are a major catastrophe the world as it is widespread and
significant impact, including Malaysia. The effects of catastrophic landslides is
dangerous to humans and to other living things

For example, the slope of the saturated with water to form debris flows or mud
flows. Concentrated mixture of rock and mud may destroy the trees, houses, and
cars and blocking the bridge. Mud mixed with river flow can cause devastating
flooding along the r oute.

Similarly, the ice floes formed in the river caused by ice clogging the rivers and
flows more slowly. However, it can produce enough energy to destroy the bridge. Ice
may accumulate on the edge or on top of weak layers of snow or unstable ca uses
crash occurred.

Pyroclastic flows (pyroclastic) arising from dust debris of ash, poisonous gas
and hot rock from volcanic eruptions that spread quickly to eat anything that traveled
to the effects of destruction and death.

Among the social effects that can be described as:

Landslides are certainly cause damage to property. This brings losses to the
economy of a country. Economic rehabilitation is also needed in the area that has
experienced a landslide. This would cost a lot and some of the offending country


1. A average, these landslides caused loss of $ 1 -2 billion U.S. dollars and 25

disaster in the United States each year.
2. At Utah, U.S., in 1983, the total cost to repair the landslide area of 500 million
dollars and it is financing the cost of the most expensive landslide in U.S.
3. Loss due to landslides in the United States is estimated at 1.5 billion dollars
4. Earthquake the earth Loma Prieta in October 1989 caused thousands of
landslides covering an area of 5400 square feet. Causing losses of at least $
10 million dollars .

Landslides can lead to damage to property resulti ng from the force flow or
mud.Infrastructure land such as buildings, roads, places of leisure and so on can be
destroyed by the landslide occurred.


1. Destruction a building and placement.

2. Land massive collapse can cause the destruction of a city.
3. Damage to roads
4. Affect communication system of roads and communication systems.
Loma prieta
5. Earthquake the earth in October 1989 resulted in tens of thousands of
experienced landslides with an area up to 5400 square feet. Cause affected
road communication system, property damage and destruction of homes.
6. At Alpine Valley, as a result of the City causing damage to the bridge flows as
a result of the power flow.
7. Slip Estate Park Hill View occur on 20 Nov 2002 destroyed a bungalow.
8. May 15, 1999, thousands of residents in housing estates and the International
Bukit Wangsa Ukay in Jalan Hulu Klang trapped when a landslide occurred in
the 100 meter event 5:20 am that closed the only road out into the


Loss of life is a dangerous effect upon the occurrence of a landslide and it is
difficult to avoid. Many lives will be lost upon the occurrence of landslides


1. Landslide Estate Park Hill View occur on 20 November 2002 destroyed a

house killing eight bungalows and family life.
2. Landslide in Highland Tower, Ulu Kelang cause of 48 people were killed and
many injured.
3. Landslide in Wales in the UK involves the rotation of the fine debris that
occurs on hill slopes have been destroys a school causing 144 people were
killed, including 116 school children involved, aged 7 to 10 years.

Landslide causes significant changes in the landscape of the earth's surface.
Pile of soil and mud from the landslide activity caused the high ground may be flat
and settling sediment can become thick very quickly. Consequently, dam rivers or
lakes become more shallow to hold a lot of water. Water level becomes higher and
the ground becomes waterlogged areas.

Landslides can also cause soil or rock slope becomes increasingly steep and