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REV. EGERTON RYERSON


770,3

6OOO
CHINESE CHARACTERS
WITH

JAPANESE PRONUNCIATIO
AND

JAPANESE AND ENGLISH

RENDERINGS

BY

J. IRA JONES, A.B. H. V. S. PEEKE, D.D.

KYO BUN KWAN


TOKYO
CONTENTS

PAGE

PREFACE ... ... ... ... ... v-vi

INTRODUCTION vn-ix

TABLE OF SOUNDS PRODUCED BY CERTAIN

COMBINATIONS OF TWO OR MORE LETTERS

OF THE kana ... ... ... ... x

LIST OF THE 214 RADICALS ... ... ... XI-XX

DICTIONARY 1-212

I.IST OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE

OBSCURE ... ... ... ... ...213-219

LIST OF USEFUL GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 22O-223


PREFACE.
Some years ago the present writer discovered a small Chinese-
Japanese dictionary containing five thousand characters. It was
fairly well printed, was portable, in fact just what he wanted, but
it was nearly out of print. He was fortunate enough to obtain a
dozen copies in an obscure book-shop, and made it a practice to pre-
sent a copy to young missionaries of special linguistic promise.
One of these books was given to Rev. J. Ira Jones, a student
missionary at Fukuoka. When Mr. Jones took up the study of the
Chinese characters in earnest, he applied the index principle to the
dictionary. There was nothing original in indexing the side
little

margin with numbers for the sets of radicals from one stroke to
seventeen. But the indexing of the lower margin for the radicals
themselves, thus subdividing the side indexes, deserves the credit of
a new invention. By the first, the time required for finding a
character was cut one fourth ; by the second, it was reduced an addi-
tional two fourths.

Calling upon him in September, 1913, the writer saw the ingeni-
ous arrangement, learned that Mr. Jones had conceived the idea
at:d

of a re-print of the dictionary in question, with the index feature


added. Conversation developed a plan for an entirely new dictionary
of something over five thousand characters, with Romaji and
English features, of pocket size, and indexed. In the end the five
thousand characters grew to six thousand. However, it is hoped
that the disadvantage of a somewhat thicker book will be fully offset

by the greater certainty of finding the character sought.


Mr. Jones at once began the task of selecting characters and pre-
paring copy. Laboring for several months quite alone, he had
blocked out the work and accomplished a good deal, when circum-
stances connected with the health of his family necessitated his return
to the United States, leaving to his associate the completion and
revision of the copy, and the carrying of the book through the press.
It is at least unusual that this collaboration has, of
necessity,
VI PREFACE.

been carried on with the minimum of mutual consultation. How-


ever, there may perhaps be
appropriateness in the fact that the young-
er collaborator has furnished largely the initiative, ingenuity and

energy requisite for launching the enterprise, while it has been re-
served for the older, and necessarily more experienced member, to
furnish the caution and care necessary to carry the project to
completion.
The compilers have proceeded on the assumption that if they
successfully completed their task, they would have rendered an un-
usual service to missionary and other students of the Japanese lan-

guage, and it is to be hoped that, in a measure at least, they have


attained their purpose.
Careful examination has been made of existing dictionaries pre-
pared by Europeans in recent years, and of the dictionary which
primarily suggested this book, although special confidence has been
reposed in the Kan-wa Dai Jirin, of the Ikubunkwan. Acknowledge-
ment is due, also, to Mr. S. Tanaka, of the Saga Chu Gakko, and Mr.
T. Sasaki, of the Kyushu Gakuin, for very considerable assistance.
It can hardly be expected that the (work is mechanically correct, or
that the judgment of the editors as shown in their renderings will be

approved by all, but it is hoped that inaccuracies are few and not

such as seriously to impair the usefulness of the book. It must be


remembered that a pocket dictionary of such a language as the
Chinese, with renderings in Japanese and in English, has its neces-
sary limitations.
An especially kind
judgment is bespoken for the index feature.
It is the time that an index of this peculiar kind has been at-
first

tempted, and granting even that its printing and cutting is mechanic-
ally correct, only experience can show whether the best form has
been chosen, and whether the kind of paper selected, or indeed,
whether any paper, will, without curling or tearing, stand the strain
to which it will be subjected. But even though only partial success
in this direction crowns our efforts, the benefits, we feel sure, will
not be small.
H. V. S. PEEKE.
Saga, January, 1915.
INTRODUCTION.
Since the purpose of the compilers of this dictionary has from
the first been that of assisting fellow students, it will not be amiss to
offer a few words of suggestion as to its use, having in mind especial-
ly the needs of those who are beginning the study of Chinese
characters.
The book is meant to be suggestive rather than exhaustive, so
its purpose will not have been achieved if many are not helped by it

to pursue inquiries far beyond what is offered here. The six thou-
sand odd characters given will be found, however, to cover quite
thoroughly the ground traversed by most writers. It is claimed that
anyone mastering the four thousand characters given in Mr. Lay's
excellent dictionary will be able to read the columns of the Japanese

press with ease. Naturally much more can be said for a carefully
made collection of six thousand characters. Prof. B. H. Chamberlain
tells us that 9,500 is the maximum number of characters employed
in this country ; of which 3,000 are exceedingly rare. Of the Tokyo
" The number of characters
printing offices, he says, kept on hand
in all the usual varieties of size and 'face' is 6,100; but this again
must be regarded as a maximum, an abundantly liberal limit." (See
Moji no Shirube, p. 6.)
The Chinese characters are called ideographs, and such they
eminently are. But the exact form and limitations of the "idea''
pictured are often left very vague, and the student will not find it
easy to accustom himself to this vagueness. The same character
may be used to represent the idea in a verbal form, either active or
passive, as a noun, singular or plural, as an adjective or an adverb.
Itcould hardly be expected that all this would be brought out in a
pocket dictionary, so the student will often be obliged to work his
imagination hard. Some characters are more frequently used to

express a transitive action, some a name, some a modifying idea, but


that does not preclude other uses on occasion.
VIII INTRODUCTION.

In order to make use of even an indexed dictionary like this, it is


most desirable that the student should master the radical?, giving
especial attention to those under which the most characters are
found. The preface to Dr. Gring's Eclectic Chinese-Japanese-
English Dictionary gives excellent suggestions, and Chamberlain's
Moji no Shirube is, of course, a classic. No less essential is it to
become thoroughly familiar with the number of strokes in the
radicals, their order, and the method of writing. Time spent in the
beginning on this latter task will be well spent. The writer ventures
to recommend his own brochure, Suggestions for the Study of the
Chinese Characters, in which special attention is given to the
method of writing the radicals, and to the order of strokes.
In this dictionary the contractions of the radicals are noted,
not only alongside the radical contracted, but separately in the list
of radicals. For example, ? (san-sui) is a contraction of a four-stroke
radical, 7jt, and properly has no place in the list of three-stroke
radicals, but for convenience this and other contractions written
with three strokes, are listed in that place. Similarly, contractions
written with four strokes are listed after the four-stroke radicals.
It may be well to call attention to a number of irregularities that
are confusing, but must be borne with. The contraction -H-, of $fy
(kusa-kammuri), is evidently written with three strokes of the brush,
but as a matter of fact it is always counted as four strokes when
characters with it are classified in the dictionary. The contraction
IS of & (dzato-heti), and ft of JfL (kozato-heti), are undoubtedly written
with two strokes of the brush, but they are nevertheless counted as
having three strokes. The four-stroke contraction %, (of JO is often
written and printed in such a way as to suggest but three strokes.
In the character %, at the lower left-hand corner is a hook that
seems surely to require two strokes of the brush, but that particular
hook is always counted as a single stroke wherever found.
It will not do to think that there is anything hit or miss about
writing the characters and counting the strokes. It is true that
there is much faulty writing and there are many so-called vulgar
characters, but the best dictionaries discriminate very carefully,
INTRODUCTION IX

and note exactly what is the correct and what the common usage,
and there is a proper method of counting strokes that can be im-
plicitly relied on.
It is sometimes annoying to find a character classified under a
certain radical when apparently there is as much reason for classify-
ing it under another, and it was suggested that in this book an at-
tempt be made to list the characters under all possible radicals, but
thatwould have teen taking a liberty with the scholarship of the
ages alongside which the most extreme English spelling reform
would be a mere nothing, and the attempt was not made.
A
number of abbreviations have been introduced. Ab.f.= Ab-
breviated for; Alt.f.= Alternative for; Com. /.^Common or vulgar
for; Com. Common or vulgar (f-) form; Equiv. Equivalent to;
" "
Inc.= Incorrect form ; C0r,=Correct form. The mark H before a
radical in the margin indicates that the list of characters under it

begins on the reverse of the page.


The mark " O " found before certain characters indicates that
they are among those that Prof. Chamberlain has referred to as
"Just these 2,450 indispensable characters." The endeavour has
been made to group these at the beginning of each set having a
primitive of the same number of strokes under a given radical.
SOUNDS PRODUCED BY CERTAIN COMBINATIONS OF TWO
OR MORE LETTERS OF THE KANA.

From the following list of combinations are omitted ttigori-ed


letters as presenting no special difficulties. Combinations marked *
are theoretical.

79=5
XI

LIST OF THE -

214 RADICALS CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO


THE NUMBER OF STROKES.
XII

L Baku. 25
XIII

A, Yd. 52
XIV

^
XV

-^
XVI

115 C/, 0. 124


(Nogi-heti). (Hane-kammuri).

Ketsu, kechi. 116 125


(Ana-kammuri). ^ (Oi-kammuri).
ritsu. 117 126
Ryu,
(Tatsu-heri}.

Contracted Radicals. ^a/, r*. 127


(Suki-hen}.

128
(Mimi-hen).

Itsu, ichi. 129

130
-I91 (Mku-zuki).

131

Chiku, toku. 118


/V ffy
1 J *ft (Take-kammuri). 132

JtfA Bd, mai. 119


7|v (Kome-heti). 133

Beki, myt 120


(Ito-hen). 131

121
rqp 135

122
136
(Ami-gashira).

nn, TC, w. 137


M, (Me-gashira).
ft
(Hitsuji-hen\
123
& 138
XVII

B
/. Shoku, sliki.
XVIII

&
XIX

*,,. 197
jlj
6000
CHINESE CHARACTERS
CHINESE-JAPANESE-ENGLISH
RADICAL ORDER.

Z,u t ina, sezu, arazu.


i Stroke radical.
21 Characters. Not, negative verbal suf-
fix.

it Kou, ataeru.
Hitotsu, hajime. 4 To beg, bestow.
One, the beginning. *Ushi. [the ox.
i~T* =3- Hinoto, tsuyoi, ataru, sakan.
^ The second zodiacal sign,
V J 4 The fourth calendar
Katsu,
^ karisome, mata,
sign, fourth in order, D,
3\5 of one ri, flourishing.
Again, moreover.
Nanatsu.
Seven. The world, age, times.
^TT^v Yorozu. ab.f. &
vJJ Ten thousand, all. A mound.
"Fl^* Take, Jisshaku. -riTi ^ Hinoc, akiraka.
y^>* ~p Ten Shaku, about 10 ft. KM 4 The third calendar sign,
Eng. measure, stature, third in order, C.
quantity. Oinaru, hajime.
^ Mitsu. Large, the beginning.
JI^v Three. Futatsu.
s> I Kami, ue, noboru,
agaru. Two, both. ab. f. ffi
J
v Pi y> Above, high, superior, Tasukeru, tsugu, ukeru.
first, to ascend, send up. To help, join, receive.

r^ Shimo, shita, moto, kudaru.


\ Below, inferior, low, un-
der, to descend, send Narabu, awaseru.
down. To be arranged in a
Ataeru. row, together with, to
To give. ib.f. join. ab.f. flr
I Stroke radical.

Ijfel?
jjp 7 Characters.
3

* ~7 4 Kinoto.
4

;^C# Majiwaru, tagaini.


_9l+y To associate with, mu-
ose.
J^/ft^ix Nori, okilc,
6

Osa, kashira, oji.


A chief, the head, a Buddha, France.
parent's elder brother,
a count. Nasu, tsukuru.
To perform, make, build.
Tomo, tomonau.
A companion, to accom- Amaneku,
pany. Everywhere, to spread.
Noleru, nobiru. Omoneru, hetsurau.
To stretch. To flatter, artful.

Tsuyoi, chikara wo awa-


enquire, spy. seru.

Niru, shimesu, nmneru. Strong, to unite strength.


To resemble, show, to
mimic. Oi, moromoro, tsuyoi.
Many, all, strong.
Togi, nasubi.
A nurse, attendant, egg- Mitsugi, atai, uru, kau.
plant. Equiv. $ff r= Tax, price, to sell, buy.
Tsukuda, tsukurida, laga-
Nagusatneru, nwieasobu.
To comfort, play with.
A rice'field, to till, hunt.

Irt y. Tada, tadashi. Seshimeru, shitagau.


TtL v But, however, only. To cause to do, follow.
tr*->+ Tatazumu. Susutnazu, shirizoku, todo-
IT a To stand still.

To stand still, withdraw,


to be impeded.
Rank, grade, position,
degree. Osoreru, awatadashii.
To respectfully fear, flur-
ried.
Low.
katachi.
Surnu, todomaru. Fleshy, stout.
To dwell, stay.
Tasukeru, saiwai.
Tasukeru. To save, help, blessing.
To save, assist.
Tanoshimu, yasuraka.
/jrf * To delight in, enjjy,
|KJ What, now, why, where.
tranquil.
amari.
3 Ware,
I, my, the remainder, too, Hoka, yokoshima. LH
more than. Equiv. fj Other, wayward.
7

6
8

Unagasu, semaru. Tomogara, tsure.


To urge, dun, press upon.
1
A coterie, companions,
fellows.
Niwaka ni.
, ukaqau.
Suddenly.
fa '

Illustration, example, to
spy.
^ Sugureru, toshi.
v To excel, eminent, smart.
Iyashii.
Common, rustic.
y Narawashi, iyashii.
ff A custom, mean, vulgar, Omokage, kaotsuki.
secular. ft Face, figure.

Torino. Osameru, tsukurou, totonou.


A
'

To practice, repair, be
captive.
arranged.
>, Tamotsu, yasunzuru.
v To protect> preserve, j Fusu, utsumuku.
To look down, to bow
to be contented.
the head.
Matsu.
To wait.
All, together.
Otokodate.
A helper of the op- Tawamure.
pressed. Sport, play.

^. 3, Makoto, otozure, noberu. Tau-ara.


n v Truth,tell.
faith, tidings, to A straw bag.
i, ningydt hajime.
Tamamono, fuchi.
\v A statue, image, the first Salary, rations.
instance.

^ Fusu, utsumuku,tsutomeru t
A godown, storehouse.
* To lie down, face down,
labor, exert one's self.
An auxiliary numeral.
s/ Wardbe, kodomo, yoi.
* A child, good.
O^f To increase, multiply.
^ Tsutsushitnu.
To reverence. Taoreru, sakashima.
To fall over, upside
Jinrikisha. down.

, kari ni.

y
Manaita t To borrow, rent, tempo-
n A chopping board. rarily.
* Umu, akiru. Saiwai, magure-zaiwai.
To be tired of. Blessed, happy, luck.

V Nori, sujimichi, tomogara.


v A rule, regulation, prin-
Naraberu, awaseru.
To be arranged in order,
ciple, coterie.
to join.
*, shirushi.
To be (an auxiliary verb), Takunii, ivaza.
to spy, enquire, a sign. Skill, ability, a deed.

Masu,-seshimeru, niramu. ji, katayoru.


To increase, cause to do,
,

To incline, rely on.


glare at.

Tachimachi, sumiyaka.
, Narau.
Immediately, quickly.
'

To imitate, study.

Yugeit yawaragu. '


Au, ataru, atai.
Light accomplishments, To meet, value price.
to harmonize.

Oroka, isogashii.
>
Okii, hanayaka.
1

Foolish, busy. Grand, gay.


/m * Yamato.
l/iS a To be proud. (

Japan.
t Utsukushii, yatou, tsuratsu-
v Kan.
ra, '
r

Beautiful, to hire, thoroly. Temporary.


*
Oinaru.
JhGC * Segare,
soeru. .

A
(
'

JT^ 4 son (one's ow'n), to Large, admirable.


add to.
. Katayoru, hitoe ni.
31 Ware, oinaru. 'To incline, be partial,
* I, great. earnestly.
Kowai, tsuyoi.
* Stiff, strong.
* Well, so then, now.
^ Hajime,
* nasu, sugureru.
The beginning, to do, ex- Nasu, tsukuru.
cellent. To perform, do, mate.
taoreru.
^ Kuruu, ^ Todomaru.
v To be insane, to fall over.
4 To stop, stay.
as Futoru, koeru, tomogara.
* To be fat, plump, a sign 4- Takeshii, sukoyaka, tsuyoi.
of the plural. Brave, healthy, strong.

JL - JL P
A 7 U
A 73
n C
10

y Soba, katawara. jf Anadoru, ogoru. 10


* The side, one side. v To disdain, be proud.
Tamatama, au.
Occasionally, to agree,
g Oinaru, sakan.
4 Large, flourishing.
even (number).

y Kurushimu, isogashii. # Katadoru, narau.


'* To v To model after, imitate.
suffer, busy.

h Nusumu, karogaroshii, lya- * Moydsu, unagasu.


v shikumo. 4 To organize, prepare,
To steal, trifling, at all. urge.

[n Fusu, ndbiku. i, tsukau.


v To lie down, bend over. To
\
employ.

y . Tsutaeru, ichidaiki.
* JjJ^ To press on. To transmit, hand on, a
biography.
Hagemu, tsutomcru.
^\ To strive, to be diligent. ;^. Oime, kariru.
,
4 A debt, loan, to borrow.
* Takeshii.
'fB V Valiant, brave. '
JK Itamu, kizutsuku, kizu.
To hurt, injure, a wound.
p
it Tomo ni.
4 With, together. Katamuku.

? Ukagau, saguru.
M^.1 To incline to one side.
4 To enquire after, spy,
/ig** Wazuka, hotondo.
search.
|M Av little, almost.

10 Kashizuku, tasukeru, mori.


[
AgLjv Hataraku.
-
To wait on, assist, a To work, labor.
11/J^
nurse.

,
Katawara, tsukuri. B Semushi, kagamu.
The side, the phonetic.
* A
hunch-back, to crouch.

Sugurcru, hiideru. .fe Mwa, kotogotoku.


To excel. * All, entirely.

Karakasa. Kagamu, semushi.


An umbrella (Japanese). To bend, a hunch-back.

Sonaeru. Itsuwari, nise.


To prepare, offer. A lie, counterfeit.
11

Katachi, katadoru. Imashimeru.


An image, to shape like. To admonish.

Shimobe, ware. Ware, kare, hito.


A servant, I. I, he, others.

Bozu. Monoshiri.
A Buddhist priest. A scholar, Confucianist.
Yadori, takai. Mina, mama.
A stopping place, high. All, condition.

Yatou. Norikoeru, midasu.


To hire. To usurp, confuse.

Warawa, shimobe. Tomogara, nakama.


A child, servant. A coterie, fellowship.
Yorokobu, tanoshimu. Nakama, tagui, shitoshii.
To rejoice, be glad. A company, sort, alike.
Motomeru, saiwai. Yasashii, masaru, sugu-
To seek, desire, lucky. reru, yutaka.
Mild, to be superior,
Tomo. abundant.
A companion, colleague. Tsukunou.
'f

v To compensate, redeem.
Atai, neuchi, nedan.
Value, price. Ayatsuri-ningyo.
A puppet.
Katayoru, higamu, kuse.
To be prejudiced, a bad :f. Takuwaeru, mokeru.
\
3 To lay up, earn (money).
habit.

Hakaru. Narabu,fufu.
One hundred million, to To be aligned, man and
wife.
measure.

katachi. Utsukushii, oni-yarai.


i,

A rule, ceremony, good, Beautiful,


devils.
driving out
appearance.
y Ogosoka, tsutsushimu.
Tsuzumayaka. * Solemn, to reverence.
Economical.
Bt Sugureru, moshi, iyashi-
Taoreru, fusu. V kumo.
To fall over, lie down. Excellent, if, at all.

JL JL
U
7}
n a
12

II iftlf Ko, clngo.


/LfftU Child, infant. Com. ft
/UHl* 17 Characters.
Kabuto.
A helmet.
Hito.
uu Man- Kisou, osoreru, tsuyoi.
To compete, fear, strong
Hagetaru.
Bald.
2 Stroke radical.
Moto, hajime, kashira. \ Iri-gashira.
Origin, beginning, head. Hi* 5 Characters.
Makoto, yurusu, ataru.
it True, to grant, conform. To enter, put in.

Uchi, iru, ireru.


An elder brother.
Inside, among, to enter,
put in.
Michiru, ategau.
ft To fill, complete, ap- Mattai, maltaku.
portion. Whole, complete, perfect.

Kizashi. Futatsu.
A sign, omen, a billion. ^Two, both,

7, mazu, sakinzuru. Shikari, iyoiyo.


Front, before, well, Yes, more and more.
past, to go first.

M Hikari, terasu.
Light, to shine.

Ashii, wazaivai, arai.


2 Stroke radical.
Hachi-gashira.
10 Characters.
.

5B- Evil, misfortune, wild.


Eight.
/, yokusuru.
To conquer, be able. AV The public, a prince.
Manukareru, yunrsu.
To escape, exempt, per- Mutsu.
mit.

Yorokobu, kaeru. * Tomo m, mtna, awaseru.


To rejoice, exchange. ? Together, all, to unite.

Usagi. |J -N Tsiiwamono.
A rabbit, hare. *S4 A soldier,
soldier, troops:
ti
13

El y Sonaeru,utsuwa,tsubusani. a . um . M
, ~maru. Cor. fa
3? To provide, offer, uten- ^ In vain, to be superfluous.
sils, minutely.
Kammuri, kaburu.
Sono, sore. v A head covering, crown,
That, yonder. to cover over.

5? Tsukasadoru, nori. Kurai,fukai,yomi,kasuka.


v To manage, rule, records Dark, deep, the under
world.
* Kaneru, kanete.
" To discharge two func- Tsuka, oinaru.
tions simultaneously,
|

A mound, great. .

previously.
1
:
Mageru, kagamu, mujitsu
^ Koinegau.
y To entreat. To bend,stoop, a false
accusation.
2 Stroke radical.
^'Samae.
*? Tomi, tomu. Equiv.
^ Riches, to be rich.
^
7 Characters.

2 Stroke radical.
|
I J
1

Far, to cover, a border. ^ 5w/


17 Characters.
f, kakitsuke.
* A volume, ticket, check.

jj- Mata, futatabL 5 To freeze, ice.


*
Again, moreover#wice.
* Hikaru, dkiraka. .
. ;
Winter.
4 To shine, clear.
Itokenai, noboru.
Okasu, ou, musaboru.
><;
Young, to rise.
* To dare, cover, trans-
gress, covet. Inc. ff Hieru, koru, samui.
To chill, freeze, cold.
* Kabuto.
* A helmet. ^ Kori, koru.
? Ice, to freeze. Ab. fa
^ Kammuri.
,
v A crown.
com. f.
2 Stroke radical.
f-gli Wa-kammuri.
eg -I'* 7 Characters. ^ V^u Hiyayaka, suzushn, tsume-
Jip < Cold, cool. [to/.

_^^* To
3

ff
'
On, tsutsumu.
cover, wrap up. ^ Kitau, iru.
To forge, cast.

JL - JL P
A 7 U
A 7J
n C
14

/Ttilix Hiyayaka, hageshii, samui.


r
\7 } y Chilly, severe, cold.
15
16

a Korosu, katsu. Kizutsukeru, kizu, hajime.


* To kill, conquer. To wound, a wound, the
beginning.
Modoru.
To return, the sound of jf Suru, kiru, kama.
splashing. 4 To rub, cut, a sickle.
3ll* Wakatsu, saku. v Kiru, kizamu.
P'Jtf To tear asunder, divide, t To cut, carve.
dissect. v

$ Kowai, kataiy tsuyoi.


nz||| ^ Korosu, toru.
\rriv Hard, strong, valiant. To kill, take.
J
>> Hagu, muku, kezuru. ->. Hagu, kiru, obiyakasu.
# To flay, skin, peel, de- & To flay, cut, threaten.
prive of.
Kagiru, wakeru, kizamu.
P r
1 5 Kiru, hone wo toku. v To limit, divide, mince.
yfl\\ To cut, dissect, scoop out.
y Hanahadashii, hageshii.
Horimono wo suru kogata- * Exceeding, extreme, vio-
A curved chisel. [na. lent.

? Chiribamu. 4. Tsurugi.
v To carve. y A swo^d. Equiv. ^)J

y Kezuru, eguru. t~.Yaburu, saku.


v To shave, gouge. ** To break, tear.

! Irezumi. Masakari, korosu.


Tatooing. A broad axe, to kill.
^ Mazcaivaseru, totonoeru,
Amaru, amatusae. 4 kusuri.
To exceed, be left over, To compound, to adjust,
in addition. medicine.

ml -j Sou, tasukeru. Hanagiru.


IB'J
9 To go along with, assist, To slash the nose.
vice-(in official titles).
Kiru, kezuru.
^ To
1$. cut, scrape.
* To cut.

)} Saku, warn, sokonau, wart. l| Kiru.


v To tear, divide, injure, N To cut.
share, percentage.

? Kama, todomaru.
f
9
A sickle, to halt, to be 2 Stroke radical.
stationed. 34 Characters.
17
'
J
Chikara, tsutomeru. ^ Tsuyoi, katai.
J Strength, power, force, to * Strong, hard.
exert one's powers.
5 Itawaru, negirau.
Kuwaeru, masu.
4 To sympathize with, en-
To increase. tertain, return thanks for.
tin--
Ugoku, hataraku.
a Isaoshi, waza. [work. To move, work.
* Merit, ability, efficiency,
Tsutome, tsutomeru.
+ Awaseru, tsutomeru. Service, business, to
? To unite, endeavor. labor.

Otoru.
it Kangacru, shiraberu, sada-
i, y
y To be inferior. meru. [settle.
To consider, examine,
Tasukeru, suke. w Kutsuwa, osaeru, kizamu.
To rescue, assistance. * A bridle, to restrain,
carve.
Tsutomeru. * Tsutomeru.
*
To exert one's self, labor.
To
5 strive, toil.

Jsutomeru, tsukareru. 9 Hataraku, itawaru, tsuka-


To labor, be weary. v reru.
To work, pity, care for,
>rObiyakasu, kasumeru. to be weary.
? To threaten, take by
force. su-
:^ Katsu, taeru, masaru,
Shirushi, isao, narau.
V gureru,
to
v To conquer, endure, ex-
Effect, result, merit, to
cel, surpass.
imitate. Equiv. $C
'

. Tsunoru, motomeru.
Tsumi wo kiwameru, tsuto-
To
'
raise, levy, collect.
meru.
To investigate crime, to 4 Tsutomerut hataraku, nen-
labor.
1
'

v To work,labor,kind. \goro.

+ Tsutomeru, hagemu. Ikioi, arisama.


i
" To labor, exert one's self, Power, strength, force,
exhort. condition.

a. Isamu, isamashii. Awaseru.


* To be emboldened, brave. To unite, co-operate.

Mikotonori. Obiyakasu, kasumeru.


An imperial decree. To threaten, plunder.
Niwaka ni, okoru. Isaoshi, waza, tsutomeru.
Suddenly, to rise. Merit, a deed, to labor.

c
c
18

Itawaru, tsukareru. 2 Stroke radical.


To pity, be weary.
4 Characters.
Isaoshi.
Merit, order of merit.
Saji, yajiri, narabu.
tsutomeru, susu- b u beA spoon, arrow-point, to
tneru. arranged in a row.
To strive, work diligent-
/k 9 bakeru.
. Kawaru,
ly, encourage, urge. TU 9 To change, be transform-
Susumeru, tasukeru. ed, a ghost.
To recommend, encour- * Kita, somuku, nigeru.
age, help, labor. * The north, to disobey,
run
_+ .jfer* 2 Stroke radical.
1
^J
r?K
Hr*
Ho-gamae.
10 Characters.

Tsutsumu.
m Ju*^ 2 Stroke radical.
To wrap up. 1 *-JK Hako-gamae.
HI"* ii Characters.

~4 ? A measure of capacity. Iremono, lidko.


fa Mommc. A receptacle, box.
'/y* A measure of weight,
* Hishaku.
of one ounce. 4 A dipper.
Ndkare.
Do '-9. Meguru, amaneku.
not, not.
i? To surround, universally.
Hitoshii, amaneku, suku- s'
Takumt, daiku.
Equal, everywhere, few.
,
v A carpenter, an expert, a
master, a design.
Tsutsumu. * Tadasu, sukuu, hako.
To wrap up, envelope. To
.^ correct, save, a box.
sawagu. '* Hako.
The breast, to be agitated. ? A box.
* i, warm.
To crawl. A box, not, vagabonds,
Harabau. bad.
\'r

7 To lie, or crawl, on the '# Uzumaki.

belly. 4 A whirlpool.

l>xHisago, yugao.
'# A
gourd, the calabash.
19
1

psC u Kagamibako, kushige. fr\ Uma, majiwaru.


iESlL*' A mirror-case, toilet-box |
The seventh zodiacal
20
21

-t-^ jf. Sant, suteru.


_ 22

riL * Kanau.
^\ y To suit, agree with, unit-
23

3fl Ware, waga.


> yorokobu, hocru.
To blow, rejoice, bark. To bite.

it, kamabisushii.
irffl/
]yVv
er

Noisy, vociferous. 4 A cough.

Ikaru, hoeru. # Mina, amancku.


To be angry, to bark. v All, everywhere.

Fuku. , azakeru.

To blow. v To laugh, ridicule.

$/ Unaru, umeku. =t Kamabisushii.


* To moan, groan. * Noisy.

Kamu. a Ikaru, nonoshiru.


v To be angry, to revile.

rvfi* Akubi, ibiki. rrt 4- Kanashimu, naku.


KZ% 3 A yawn, a snore. HEt v To grieve, weep.

Has sun no nagasa.


* Itamu, nageku, atatamaru.
A distance of about 10 & To feel pain, grieve,
in., close to, short. to become warm.

F
Kanashimu, awaremu. Warau, kataru.
\ To grieve, pity. To laugh, speak.

* PI t Shina.
# Kazu.
v Pn v A thing, sort, circum- v An auxiliary numeral,
stance, quality. man, official, member.

Hajime, kana, ya. Mairu.


The beginning, an inter- J
An English mile.
jection, interrogative.
=f Akiraka, satoi.
Saku.
? To be wise, a philoso-
To open (as a flower),
blossom. pher, intelligent.

Tazuneru, nageku.
*Uta.
^?,.y
*
4 A song, hymn.
To enquire, sigh. \

~ j/ Kuchibiru.
To spit out.
" The lips.

, musebu. ^ Hiroi, Kara.


v The throat, to be choked. v Wide, China, foreign.
25

w Saezuru. Tsuibamu, tsutsuku.


v To chirp, sing. To peck at, pick.

* Musebu, fusagaru.
v To be choked, blocked
J A dumb person.
up.
$/ Uru, akinau.
Kotaeru, sosonokasu. v To sell, engage in trade.
To reply, tempt, entice.
. Tsubaki.
;
The saliva.

Ah, belching.
'y Susuru, naku.
\2 To
sup, sip, weep.
A song, elder brother.
Dornoru.
jj Ikaru, sakebu. To stammer.
To be angry, to cry out.

=1 Naku, sakebu. To cry (as a bird).


'.
& To cry out.
Unaru.
'
Kurau, yasMnau. To groan.
i To eat, feed.
Kami-au.
fe Monomi. To bite each-other.
* A sentinel.
* Naku, kamabisushii.
Tada, hitori, ukegau. To
to consent.
cry (as a bird), cla-
J Only, alone, morous.
* Tonaeru, utau.
y To say, sing, recite.
Nomu.
To drink.
* Hiraku, mosu, oshieru.
4 To open, say, instruct. Tada, tada ni.
Only.
Tou, tazuneru.
To enquire, examine into,
visit.
To cry, weep.
* Akinau, akinai, hakaru.
Yoi.
v To trade, commerce,
to measure. Goodness, virtue, right.

Shaberu, kamabisushii.
To babble, noisy.

-
* *
B
tft
26

5 Hayakuchi.
^ Talking fast.

Yorokobu.
To rejoice. * The throat.
Yakamashii.
'HI v Noisy, troublesome. it Tokinokoe.
v A cry, call, war-cry.
Ushinau, mo.
To lose, mourning, to be ,
), Kuchibashi.
destroyed. A The bill, beak.
Hitotsu, hitoe. ^O&M, sakcbu.
'

One, single, singular. l To call, cry out.

To i, kakotsu.
eat, drink, chew,
smoke.
1

& To cry, to lament.

n^, Satosu, tatoe. Tashinamu, konomu.


To instruct, announce, To be fond of, like.
warn, an example.
A, nageku.
Naku, nageku, sasayaku. Ah, to grieve.
v To cry, grieve, whisper.

Kudokudoshii. To smell.
Prolix, verbose.
Ikaru koe.
Saezuru, yawaragu. An angry voice.
To twitter, be harmoni-
ous.

ski, damaru. To inherit, succeed, next.


To cry, a dumb person,
to be silent.
* A, itamu, nageku.
Nageku, tameiki.
Ah, to sigh, grieve.
PB9
3^ To grieve,
Tf\ crrif>w> a
a cicr
sigh.
Warau, azakeru.
Ikifuku, atatameru. To laugh, ridicule.
To breathe, warm.

% sniRaru, ikaru koe.


L Shiwagare.
v Hoarseness.
To scold, an angry cry.
r

+ Takai. Yabusaka, kechi, oshimu.


> High.
LjJ
I
^ Miserly, to begrudge.
27

^4, tanoshimu. 12
To grieve, mourn. Ah, to be happy.

Yoi, yomisuru. x Musebu.


Good, happy, to regard To be choked.
as good, esteem.
Utsuwa.
'

A vessel, utensil.
It To vomit.
^
Shikaru, haku.
*& Nameru, katsute.
(
To scold, blow out, spout
# To lick, previously.
'

out, vomit.

Keshikakeru, sosonokasu. > Ton.


To set on a dog, instigate. ,
y An English ton.
y Shiwabukt, seki. [y Hanashi.
f Clearing the throat, a ^ A story.
cough.
t, naku.
3. Uso, nageku. To call, cry out.
,
a A lie, to sigh.

saezuru. Sawagu.
9 To
i,
To be noisy.
cry, twitter.

fe Usobuku. Kuchifusagu.
v To roar (as a tiger), To be silent.
whistle.

Azakeru. A y nageku, akubi.


To laugh at, make a fool Ah, to grieve, belching.
of.

- Sazo. Kamu.
Very, how, much, truly.
To bite, eat.

Kamabisushii. dbiK
Noisy. Equiv. j^l
A yawn.
Nengoro, te-atsui. 14
y KatarUy uwasa. '
v To Kind.
relate, rumor, gossip.

Kuchibashi. 'h Sakebu, yobu.


A \v To
call out, summon.
bill, beak.

fe Inanaku. jt Odosu, shikaru.


* To neigh. 9 To threaten, scold.

n *
*
*:
28

ijf Kamu. Kamu.


I* To bite. To bite.

5=- Kusame, kushami. Stroke radical.


1,4 A sneeze. 5
Kuni-gamae.
25 Characters.
Ji*
Sdki ni, mukau, hibiku.
I
v Before, the past, to face,
opposite, echo. Equiv. %jj
P Meguru, kakomi.
To
sure.
surround, an enclo-

To gulp down, swallow,


the throat. Four.
*
Oinaru. Meshiudo, toraeru.
i
u
Large. 0? A prisoner, criminal, con-
vict, to arrest.
.

Ogosoka, kibishii.
rf
\* Strict, severe, solemn, to Meguru, kaeru.
frighten.
IE)? To revolve, return, a
time, chapter. Equiv.
ft Hisomeru. ^ Meguru, kaeru.
[* To scowl. m 4 To revolve, return, a
r Naku, saezuru. time, chapter. Cor. [0]
'* To cry, twitter.
4 Yorw, chinami ni, moto.
'ifKamabisushii. v To depend on, by the
*v Noisy. way, because of, a cause.

^ Saezuru. Meguru, kaeru.


v To twitter, chatter.
To revolve, return, a
\
time, chapter. Corn.f. [nj

Kamu. a Kurushimu, komaru, tsu-


To chew. ^ kareru.
To be in distress or in
,-fe Sasayaku. extremity, to be tired.
* To whisper.
>* OtorL
I
A decoy.
^ Hayasu.
? To play music. z', motoyori.
Hard, firm, obstinate,
. Fukuro. from the first.
: A bag.
Hitoya.
A prison.
^ Tanomu, yoseru.
> To engage, entrust to, Komegura, meguru.
order. A granary, to revolve.
29

Sono, kagiru. Aru, iru.


A garden, to bound. To to dwell,
be, the
country, now.
Hitoya, fusegu.
A prison, to defend, ward Tsuchi.
off. The earth, land, a phce.
. Hatake, niwa.
'

A field, vegetable gar-


-H.* Tama,
-H4 A
7"aia, isagiyoi.
den. crystal, a jewel, pure.

Kuni, furusato.
'

A country, state. Com. gj " An acclivity, a road up a


hill.
Ori, meguru.
'

A cell, cage,' circle, to Chimata, tsutsumi, tera.


surround. $5 A cross-roads, a dike, a
Buddhist temple.
Umakai, umakau,' hitoya.
A hostler, to keep a horse, Hitoshii, amaneku.
a prison.
Alike, level, equality,
Kawaya, majiru. everywhere.
A privy, to mix.
Su&aru.
Kakomu, kakou, kakoi. To sit, squat.
To surround, preserve,
an enclosure.
:
Marui. A hole, pit.
'

Round, a Japanese dollar


(yen). Ab. R A foundation, base.
Sono.
A park, garden. ft Ana, otoshiana.
Hakaru, egaku.
v A hole, pitfall.
To plan, a picture, to
draw a picture, a map. Sakai, kagiri.
A boundary, limit.
Marui, atsumaru.
Round, to assemble, a Tsuchi, hitsuji-saru.
l=
company. 1
v The earth, south-west.
Marui, meguru, kakomu.
Round, to go around, en- 9 Tairaka, hiroi.
*'
compass. Level, smooth, plane,
wide.
3 Stroke radical.
5*c*f4fli.
Ml* 98 Characters.
4 A land measure, 4 sq. yds.
:* Tareru, nannan to suru.
>: Tsuchi. # To droop down, hang
v Earth. down, about to.

P
I f
*_ 3-
Ul
B
Ift
30

Tsutsumi. Sakait kagiri.


A dike, dam. A place, limit, boundary.
4*rtf , nayamu. , toraeru.
+V] Steep, to suffer pain.
i To take, take hold of,
manage, transact.
Saku, hiraku.
To tear, open. Motoi, motozuku.
Foundation, basis, origin,
Shima, todomaru. to be founded on.
M-j^ An island, to stop.
Horn, hori.

-f-ff**; Rutsubo, kawarake. To dig, carve, dig open,


4J v A crucible, unglazed a canal.
earthen ware.

.
Hard, firm, strong, strict.

i A fence, wall.
Takadono, sakan.
A public hall, chamber,
mansion, flourishing.
A mould.
Tsuku, hikui kaki.
Arizuka. To adhere, a low fence.
An ant hill.
, -fCia kegareru.
The edge of a bank.
9R* Filth, to be defiled. Hatoba.

Shiro, miyako, kizuku.


A wharf.
A castle, town, to build. nebatsuchi.
Red clay.
Chiri, hokori.
Rubbish, dust. Nebatsuchi.
Sticky clay.
Uzumu.
To Katai tsuchi.
bury, fill up, hide.
Hard ground.
Kakoi, hikui kaki. Tsuchikau.
An enclosure, a low fence To manure, tend the
roots of plants.
Tairaka narazu, saka.
Uneven, a grade. Shiratsuchi, shirakabe.
White earth, white wall.
Chi no hate, koneru.
The ends of the earth, to Uzutakai.
knead. Piled up in heaps.
31

*; Tsutsumi. 4 Fusagu, toride.


A bank, dike.
1

ry To stop up, cover, a


J * fortress.
i, Taeru.
" To endure, be able. # Tsuchikure.
>sMukuiru, tsugeru. 14 A
clod of earth.
* To recompense, pay back
Tsutsumi.
report.
A dike.
i, ba.
A place, field, circum- Negura, toya.
stances. Com. |H A roost, cote.

ft Sakai.
4 A border, frontier, a Uzumeru, fusagu.
To bury, fill up.
boundary.

i; Kdki, takuwaeru.
v A fence, wall, to store 2 A clay image, a puppet.

Rutsubo. # Takakute kawaita chi.

A crucible. I. High and dry ground.

Kojiro, toride.
A small castle, an em-
Dirt, dust, rubbish.
bankment.
le, lieya.
A school, school-room.
*> A dam, to block up.
k Sakai.
i
*
Uzumu, fusagu. f
A limit, boundary, re-
To fill up, stop up. gion, condition.

, ichirizuka.
;* A mound, grave, mile A mound, grave.
post.
rf, kakine.
Takai, toi. 4 A wall, fence.
High, far.

a /ftzfo', mizo, kabe.


A tower, pagoda, to fall. A fence, drain, mud-wall
Niwa, ba.
oro, num.
nuru.
Mud, to besmear, paint,
A place, field, circum-
lacquer.
stances. Cow. /. ^
s/ Shimoyashiki.
v A mound, grave. 3 A country residence.

*
a r
*
32

t Hori, mizo. Tani, ana.


* A moat, ditch. A valley, ravine.
y Ochiru. Hdka-ana.
;* To fall down. A grave.
Masu. Kasanaru, toride.
To increase, add. To be piled up, fortifica-
tions.

Ink, blacking. Yaburii, kuzusu.


To break down, destroy,
ruin.
* Dinaru oka, furui ato.
* A large hill, ruins.
Takai tokoro, oka.
A high place, a hill.
i, Yasechi, tairaka narazu.
Unfertile soil, hilly.
Sakagame.
A liquor cask.
Otosu, kowasu.
To throw down, break.
Koetsuchi, tsuchi.
Fertile ground, the earth.
y Hal^a, tsutsumi.
* A mound, grave, dike.
3 Stroke radical.
Kobe. 9 Characters.
* A wall, fence, cliff.

_^ Samurai.
^ Idokoro, mizu no ki-wa. \^ A an a
man, officer,
* Residence, a shore. soldier.
<7

a Hiraku. Mizunoe.
* To prepare new ground
,

The gth calendar sign.


for cultivation.

a Fusagu, hedateru.
Voice, report, praise.
* To shut up, shut out,
separate.
Sakan, sukoyaka, tsuyoi.
A moat, ditch. Strong, vigorous, flour-
ishing.
Matsuri no tdkoro.
A platform, an altar. .

A jar, vessel.
Fusagu, osu, osaeru.
To stop up, press down, Hitotsu, mopp
oppress. One, entirely.
33

Muko.
A son-in-law.
Kotobuki, hisashii. Tsutsushimu,osoreru,tsuki-
Long life, old age, long-
matou. [ence, fear.
continued. To follow about, rever-
Obitadashii, oil
Yorokobu, mau.
To rejoice, dance.
Many, numerous, very.

Stroke radical. 3 Stroke radical.


3
D ai-gashira.
Sui-nyu.
i Characters. 31 Characters.

Oy^, oinaru, oi ni.


Okureru.
To be late. Great, big, chief, very.

The sky, weather, nature


3 Stroke radical.
heaven, a god or God.
3 Characters.
Futoi, okit, hanahadal
Large, great, very, thick.
tft *
Yukkuri aruku.
>5lUTowalk slowly. Otoko, otto, sore.
A man, husband, that.
Summer. wakajini, utsuku-
shit.
Haruka, tot.
Young, an early death,
Distant, far. handsome.
Nakdba
Stroke radical. The middle, center.
Characters.
./Jk s/ Ushinau, ayamachi.
S\? To lose, err, a mistake.
Yube, yu.
Ebisu, tairaka, horobosu.
Evening. A barbarian, peaceful, to
/*! y Hoka, soto. destroy.
/ r? Outside, beyond, besides, ffokoru, ogoru.
different, foreign. To be proud.
^Oi, * Ti ffasamu, sashihasamu.
Numerous, many, much. ->

To hold between two


tsuto ni.
^ Hayai, things.
^ Early, early-morning.
H^ Mezurashii.
., y^, y^^M. PJ Strange, wonderful, odd
Night. (number). Inc.

K
A m X
a
m
34

ft Tatematsuru, ukeru, tsuka- r Oku, okufukai.


v em, tasukeru. Inside, the back, deep, a
To present, to receive wife.
from (a superior), serve, Ubau.
help. To take by force.
seize,
Ikan, nanzo. Equiv. ^ ^ Susumeru,
tasukeru.
How, what, why.
y To exhort, encourage,
at Ou, niivaka ni, kotogotoku. assist, praise.
* To cover, suddenly, com- u Keshobako, kagamibdko.
pletely. v Toilet-box, mirror-case.
y Susumeru, mosu, kana-
deru.
^ Furuu.
* To be stirred up, ex-
To report to the Throne, cited, f. .

play on a musical instru-


ment. % Stroke radical.
^ Chi.-;iru, ivarifu.
Onna-hcn.
4 To make an agreement 100 Characters.
or alliance with, a check.
Hashiru.
Onna, me.
ft
* To run. A woman, girl, daughter, :

female.
Okii, azayaka. Yakko, yatsu.
v Great, bright. A servant, slave, fellow,
person (rude).
i Okii, sakan.
* Large, great, to gamble. Yoi, yoshimi, konomu.
Good, beautiful, friend-
4. Hoshi no yadori, bunsho ship, to like.
4 no hoshi.
Nakodo.
A constellation, the star
A go-between.
favorable to literature.
Gotoshi, shiku, mosht, yuku.
y Nagai.
* Long. Like, as good as, if, to go.

9- Oinaru, sakan. Midari, itsuwaru.


* Large, prosperous. Improper, disorderly, to
lie.
* Nanzo.
4 How, why. Okasu, midasu, itsuwaru.
To transgress, wicked
adultery, to falsify.
v A fish-basket.
Kisaki, narabu.
^ Sadameru, matsuru, oku. An Imperial concubine,
v To decide, worship, to be arranged in order.
place.
v Ogoru, yutaka. Asobime.
* To be extravagant, pro- A singing girl, a prosti-
fuse. tute.
35

>-//K Taenaru, ivakai, utsuku-


36

hfk Uruwashii, yawaraka. Ko wo umu.


5PN 3 -

Beautiful, soft. To bear a child.

Utsukushii. Metoru.
Handsome, beautiful. To marry (a wife).

Baba, uba. Oitaru


An old woman, a wet- An old woman.
nurse.
Onna, yome.
Oba, tsuma no shtmai. A woman, wife.
An aunt, sister-in-law.
Mukotori, yomeiri.
Utsukushii, namamekashii. Marriage.
Beautiful, bewitching.
Musaboru, midara.
Musume. To covet, immodest.
A girl, female.
Shitagau, shitoyaka.
Utsukushii, yobu. fcfc To obey, graceful.
Beautiful, to call.

Shitagau, utsukushii, kudo-


Tsunagu, hikitomeru.
To tie, hitch.
To follow, beautiful,
prolix. ^ Tawamureru.
P To sport, a prostitute.
Utsukushii, shinayaka.
Beautiful, graceful.
j( Tanoshimu, tawamureru.
v To play, sport lewdly
Imoto, ototo-yome.
A younger sister, sister-
Hashitame.
in-law.
A maid-servant.
Utsukushii.
Beautiful. t Muko.
Tanoshimu.
4 A son-in-law.
To rejoice.
y Nakadachi, nakodo,
Mau, hayai. 4 A go-between, to consult.
To dance, quick.
x Hime.
Uruwashii. ^ A lady.
Fair, beautiful.

Haramu. Tanoshimu, shitagau, nu-


To conceive, be preg- sumu.
nant. To be glad, obey, steal.
37

*
Kobiru. . Kami, midarigawashii.
To flatter, curry favor. Trifling, indecent.

Utsukushii. Yotsugi, tsuma.


Beautiful. An heir, a real wife.

't Kegasu, nareru, anadcru. Uba,baba.


v To defile, to be free and An old woman.
easy with, despise.
Narau, miydbiydka.
10 Baba. To be accustomed, to
o An old woman. study, elegant.

Totsugu, yuku. Ureshii, utsukusMi.


To marry (a husband). r Happy, beautiful.

t Taoydka, utsukushti.
To hate, unsatisfied. * Graceful, beautiful.

-k&* Aniyome. Utsukushii, namamekashii.


j(X * A sister-in-law. Beautiful, charming.

soyogu. .-x Sobazukai, ki-ni-iri.


Lenient, to blow gently. '4 An attendant, a favorite.
u Yome, tsuma.
'

a Engumi, yoshimi.
v Marriage, intimacy. v A
bride, wife.

Minikui, oroka, midariga- t. Osanai, kammuri no himo.


washii. 4 Juvenile, the cords of a
Ugly, foolish, licentious. head cover.

$> Netamu, nikumu, [^ Naburu, tawamureru.


v To be jealous, hate. I
tf To make sport of, to play.
A Michiru, amaru.
11
The moon ^ i* To be full, to remain
over.
i Nikbori warau.
'^ To smile. Yowai, tsuma.
Weak, a wife.

5 Yowai, wakai. Musume.


v Delicate, young.
5r A girl, female, miss.
Yamome. * Yamome.
A widow. * A
widow.

x r
a
38

fj#jfc;fe
Hosoi, yowai.
39

Oinaru, noki, ie. J Tsukaeru, tsukasa.


The world, vast, eaves, v To serve, an official.
a house.
* Miya.
Mattai. V A Shinto shrine, the
g
v Whole, complete, perfect. Imperial household, a
prince, princess.
Hiroi, oinaru.
& Great, large, wide. if Sokonau, wazawat.
1 To injure, damage, a
y Iru, kuni no na.
To be, one of the Chinese calamity.
dynasties. i. Tanoshimu, sakamori, ya-
y sumu.
Sugiru, hora-ana.
-

tt
* To pass by, a cave. To enjoy, a banquet, to
rest, quiet.
y Moto, tatiobu, mune.
v The origin, fountain, a Ireru, katachi, nan.
head, sect, to honour. To put into, put up with,
form, appearance.
* Sora. [nity.
v The universe, 'space, eter-
Ie, uchi.

Tsukasa, dyake.
. A house, family.
v Office, official, a thing
Tsukasadoru, tsukasa.
pertaining to govern- To rule, an official.
ment, public.
^ Sadameru. Ozora, rniya.
4 To fix, establish, decide. The heavens, an Imperial
palace, Imperial.
Yoroshii, ube.
*
Good, right, proper, fair,
natural. W^^ Evening, night.
^ Yadoru, yado.
x. Adakamo, ate, zutsu.
* Just, exactly, addressed ^ To stop, lodge, a lodging
to, each. place, post-station.

x Tabibito, marodo. -te Sabishii, shizuka.


* A
guest, stranger, visitor, * Lonely, quiet, calm.
previous.
Hisoka, chikai, tsumabira-
y Heya, muro, tsuma. ka. [minute.
* A house, room,
wife.
cellar, A secret, close, dense,

Yoru,yoseru.
4 Yurusu, nadameru. To call in upon, lodge,
* To pardon, mitigate (a
rely upon, entrust to.
punishment), appease.
a Ada, kasumeru.
t Noberu, amaneku, mikoto- An
M*~* & enemy, to rob.
To proclaim, tell, every-
where, an edict.
^ f Tora. [the tiger,
third zodiacal sign,
40

Tomi, tomasu. t Yatsureru.


Wealth, riches, prosper- -
To look poorly.
ity, to enrich. Equiv. HJ
;^. Toride, magdki.

Yoru, yadoru, yado.


*4 A stockade, fence.
To stop, lodge, a lodg- ; s/ Tsumabiraka, kiwameru,
ing-place.
' ^ tadasu.
Clear, plain, to decide,
Samui. investigate, judge.
*$/ Utsusu.
1
^ To copy, draw, photo-
p? ^ Neru, yasumu. graph.
To sleep, rest.
'tx Tsukasa, nakama.
Makoto ni.
*v An official, colleague,
In fact, verily. companion.
? Jiiroi.
g Yuruyaka,
Oku, todomcru, suteru. t v Not strict, easy, gentle,
To put, stop, throw away. wide, liberal, merciful.

\* Kirni no osamcru tochi.


Okotaru, yugamu.
; v The Imperial domain,
To be lazy, bent.
the world.

Sdbishii, shizuka. $* Itsukushimu, megumu.


Lonely, quiet. i<tf To love, show mercy.

Takara, tama.
Shiraberu, kangaeru, tsu- p>>
v Precious, a
mabiraka. [ treasure,
To jewel, wealth.
examine, reflect,
minute, plain. Stroke radical.
3
Sun-zukuri.
Sukunat, yamome.
12 Characters.
Few, a widow, alone.
Yasumu, neru. Hakaru.
'

To sleep, rest.
An inch, to measure.
Tera.
^ Mushiro, yasui, yasuraka.
*
,

A Buddhist temple.
1 Rather, easy.
& Sakai, tsutsumu, tojiru.
Mi, michiru, makoto.
jy.
v A boundary, domain, to
* Fruit, deed, to be full, wrap up, seal, to give
true, real, sincere. title to.
$>

Sameru, yutnemiru. \Iru.


To awake, dream.
* To shoot, dart (as light).

^ Sabishii, shizuka. Katsu.


v Lonely, quiet. To conquer. Equiv.
41

Masa ni, kashira, hikiiru. t; Ashinae, semushi.


v Moreover, just about, an * A cripple, hunchback.
officer, to conduct.
^ Mottomo, togameru, aya-
# Osaeru, yasunzuru, jo. v machi.
& A company officer, to
Very, right, however, to
tranquilize, a rank. blame, a mistake.
^ Moppara, hoshiimama, hi-
v ^ Mukutnu, okii.
tori.
self-
* A shaggy dog, large.
Specially, entirely,
willed. 9 Yimw, yaseru, semushi.
Weak, emaciated, a
y Tattobu, mikoto.
v To honor, honorable, a hunchback.
respectful title. Owaru, tsuku, naru.
To finish, take up (work
>Tazuneru, hiro, nami. or to become.
^To enquire, a fathom, office),

ordinary.
3 Stroke radical.
Kotaeru, mukau, tsuriai. Shikabane-dare.
To answer, confront, a H 1^ 30 Characters.
companion, a pair.
Michibiku.
Shikabane,
To lead. A corpse.
tit -fe Monosashi.
i I 3 Stroke radical. A
6 Characters.
/\.* Japanese foot, 12 in-
fj ches, a rule.

f Tsukasa, tadasu, makoto.


rrfr v
Chiisai, ko, sukoshi. "7"^ A
ruler, to correct, truth.
Small, little, young, my
(used depreciatingly).
>U-k Sukunai, shibaraku, wakai.
The buttocks, bottom.
^J/ Few, a short time, young.
^ Togaru, surudoi. A Buddhist nun.
v To be pointed, sharp.
O, sue.
^ A^f>, tattobu, hisashii. A tail, the end.
J Still more, to reverence,
a long time. Tsubone, magaru.
A room, government
# Kdbeno ana. Equiv.^ office, woman's appart-
* A hole in the wall.
ment, to bend, be bent.
^ Sukunai. Ibari.
Urine.
I ^ S
J^r* 3 Stroke radical. Kagamu, herikudaru.
7f Mr -glC % %7u^L To bend down, to be
/U C
5 Characters. humble.

+ J" . a
tfl
42

Iru, oru, sum at. Ka saner'u, takadono.


To be, dwell, sit down, To pile up, the upper
place, a residence. stories of a building,
strata.
Itaru, todokeru.
To reach, be efficacious, To tread on, boots, shoes,
to forward (a petition).
to put on (foot-wear).
He.
Shikigawa, shikiwara.
M' A result
worthless.
of flatulence, An insole, straw bedding.
Kutsu.
Shoes.
A house. * Kutsu, sort, waraji.
'

Kuso. # Shoes, straw foot-wear.


Dung, filth.
Tsuku, tsuranaru, tomo-
? gara Com. J|5
Shikabane.
A To belong to, be arranged
corpse. in a row, a companion.

isagtyoi.
>
Rubbish, scraps, pure. 3 Stroke radical.
2 Characters.
^ Noberu, hiraku, korogaru,
v miru.
To spread out, open, ex- iti Mebae, kusa.
hibit, roll over, look at.
D A sprout, grass.
Tamuro, atsumaru.
y Hakimono. An encampment, bar-
* Foot-wear. racks, to assemble.

f -JW? 3 Stroke radical.


A wall, fence, to cover. Ill -l\ Yama-Jien.
M-J MH 56 Characters.
Waraji.
Straw sandals.
OJ A mountain, hill.

Hofuru, korosu. Takai, surudoi.


To slaughter, kill.
Lofty, pointed.

Shibashiba. Takai, kewashii, hagetaru.


Often. High, steep, bald.
Eda, wakareru, futamata.
Yasumu, ikou. Forks in a road, to
To rest.
diverge, high.

Kutsu, zori, waraji. Mine, takai, kewashii.


Shoes, straw foot-wear. 'f~' v A peak, high, steep.
43

Takai, ayaui. v Kewashii.


High, dangerous. Steep.

Takai. *
Kewashii, tdkai.
High. t Precipitous, high.

Takai, kewashii, yamami- ^ Kewashii, tdkai, kibishii.


chi. v Steep, high, strict.
High, steep, a mountain
path. Saki, kewashii.
A cape, promontory,
steep.
A hill, mound.
& Kuzureru, kdkureru.
Iwao, iwa. * To crumble to pieces, die
A rock, high bank, rocky (used of the Imperial
cliff, hazardous. Family).

Kishi. if Gake, kishi, kagiri.


A bank, cliff, shore. 4 A precipice, cliff, the
end, limit.
* A lofty peak. a Shina no yama no na, tattoi.
y The name of a mountain
jj Misaki. in China, precious.
~* A cape, the side of a hill.
, kewashii.

^ Mine, iwa-ana.
A peak, high, steep.
v A peak, cave.
Takai, kewashii.
Toge.
High, steep.
A mountain pass, ascent,
climax.
High.
Sobadatsu, sonaeru.
To tower aloft, to supply. Sobadatsu, okoru.
To tower up, rise.
rfrPl h Hora-ana, katatagae.
lUjUJ
cr A cave, uneven. Agameru,
To
tdkai.
honor, exalt, adore,
M Tdkai. high.
/F High.
-1
High.
tf A mountain peak. g Arashi.
* A storm.
7
- Hazama > taniai.
^ A mountain gorge, chasm, # Iwa, kewashii.
7 strait. v A rock, cliff, ste.ep.

Oi
44

Takakute kewashii. Kewashii, sagashii.


Hjgh and steep. Steep, precipitous.
Takai, okii, hitoridachi.
1,Fukai, kewashii, hameru. High, large, solitary.
v Deep, steep, to fit in.
s'
A mountain peak.
? Itadaki.
-'
The top of a mountain.
f Takai, kewashii, iwayama. '* Suru di yama, sagashii
4 High, steep, a reeky y yama.
mountain. A steep, jagged mountain
y 7w^, ^/5/!/, kewashii.
Sakashii, kewashii. V A rock, high bank, rocky
Steep, precipitous. cliff, steep.

^ Takakute kewashii.
tf High and steep. 3 Stroke radical.
5 Characters.

Kewashii, ay am.
Steep, dangerous. Kawa.
/// ^
\\\ y A
river.
* Kewashii, togatte iru.
v Precipitous, pointed. Ill* /fora.
y 1 1 ^ A river.
kuni.
.
JJJ y Shima,
P An island. Equiv. ) I p A country, province,
continent.
is-

land,
^ Kewashii.
v Meguru, mawaru.
Precipitous. To go around, patrol,
travel about.
t, , itadaki.
A mountain peak.
A nest, den.
Take, ikameshii.
A lofty peak, majestic. 3 Stroke radical.
Takumi-hen.
6 Characters.
Kewashii, sakashii.
Steep, precipitous.
a Takumi, waza, tsukasa.
Takai, nukindetaru.
^ Art, work, skill, a work-
High, eminent. man, an officer.
Hidari, tasukeru, shirushi.
^ Shima. /TV The left, to assist, evi-
3 An island. dence.
45
46

Tcnugui. Nobori, hata.


A towel. A flag, banner.
Suso, hadagi. Kami kazari.
'

The skirts, an under Head ornament".


shirt.
Tobari, oi.
Tobari, tarenuno. A curtain, awning.
An account book, regis-
ter, curtain.
Coin, money, wealth, a
religious symbol.
Obi, obiru.
A girdle, to wear.
v A flag, banner.
Tsune.
Usual, ordinary, fixed.
& Hata, tobari, horo.
v A flag, curtain, hood.
Tobari, katabira.
An y Nobori, hatajirushi.
account book, regis- A flag.
ter, curtain, a summer
garment. ;* Tobari, sudare, oi.
* A curtain, screen, shade.
Zukin.
A hat. Cor. ijf i** Oi, hachimaki.
i* A sun-shade, a kind of
Haba, hirosa. head-wear.
Breadth, a hanging pic-
ture,an auxiliary nume-
ral.
3 Stroke radical.
6 Characters.
Ham, hari.

mounted pictures. , kawaku, azu-

A loin cloth. A shield, to meddle with,


dry, take part in.
Tobari, maku.
Tairaka, hira, tairageru.
A curtain. Level, equal, even, to
quell, to quiet,
A hood (carriage), awn- Toshi.
ing. A year.
Naraberu, an, narabi ni.
v A curtain before a shop. To arrange in a row, to
meet, suit, and. Com. ft
J Tobari, sudare.
^ A curtain, a screen. Saiwai, miyuki, koinegau.
Happiness, luck, to ask
# Tobari. for, going out (of the Em-
* A curtain, tent, to cover. peror).
47

Miki, tsuyoi, hataraki. i-H


'

A trunk, stalk, able, Ah A store.


work, to manage, rule.
Atsumaru, kura, mtyako.
Stroke radical.
To assemble, a govern-
-At*
/A, 3 ment department,
" PH
-4f -glC Yo-hen.
5 Characters.
store-
house, city, an urban pre-
fecture.
Kanoe. [sign.
Ckiisai, osanai.
The seventh calendar
Small, young.

Maboroshi, madowasu. Kuriya.


An optical illusion, ma-
A kitchen.
gic, vision, to deceive. Nori, tabi, hakaru.
Osanai, itokenai.
* A rule, times, to measure,
Young. a degree.

4 Kurai, haruka, kakureru.


I
tr
Dark, dim, to be hidden. J A school.
Iku, hotondo, negau. Idokoro, kurai, suwaru.
,

(
How many, few, near, to A seat, assembly, posi-
request. tion, to be, to sit down.

^ Niwa.
I-*-* -JUt? 3 Stroke radical. 4 A garden, court-yard.

/
-gK
HI* Kura.
44 Characters.
A godown, store-house.
af r*-V Iwaya, munagi. * Oinaru, yutaka.
v) y A grotto, ridge-pole. v Large, abundant.
^ Tairaka. 5 /or/, ie.

% Level.
v A small building for re-
>*
ligious uses, a cottage.
Ou, kage, hisashi.
To s/ Moromoro, koinegau, me-
cover, a shelter. 3 kakebara.
& Tsuidc, noberu, hasJiigaki. All, numerous, the peo-
3 Order, arrangement, op- ple, to request, a con-
portunity, the preface. cubine's child.
-
tA.c*, n)ko, nedoko. it Yasui, tanoshimu.
J The floor, boards, a bed. v Easy, peaceful, to enjoy.

Tana, oku. -s Ou, kakusu.


A shelf, to put. 4 To cover, hide.

9, itaru. a Tsune, mochiiru, oroka.


The bottom, to reach. * Ordinary, to use, stupid.

JL H.
48

Hikui ie, mijikai. ie, dbaraya.


A low house, short. A shed, shanty.
Mitamaya, yashiro.
a Kura, yutaka.
A
A store-house, abundant. tomb, an ancestral
temple, a government
* Hisashi. office.
? The eaves.
Kawaya.
* A shop, ware-house,
A privy. market.
j Kura, komegura, fuchi.
v An
kiyoi, yasui. * A warehouse, rations, a
article, item, cheap,
stipend.
pure.
Kariya, iori.

5 Hosodono. A shed, booth.


A corridor, porch, gallery.
,

v
a Yawaragu, fusagu.
? To be reconciled, to
# Kakusu, motomcru. block up.
y To conceal, seek out.
Ie, mandokoro.
:

Hisashi, ie.
; A buHding, government
Com. @[ office.
Eaves, a house.

^ Oinaru, munashii. 3 Stroke radical.

t, Large, an enclosure,
5 Characters.
empty.
4 Hiku.
%. Umaya. ^ To draw.
\v A stable.
x Hiku, noberu.
* To extend, postpone,
Hiroi.
;g
prolong.
v Wide, broad.
^ Niwa, tairaka.
1 The Imperial Court, a
;.>- Sutaru, yamu.
4 To be thrown away, court, level.
abolished, to cease.
y Tateru.
* To
build, raise, establish.
Meshitsukai, iyashii, yashi-
nau. Meguru, kaeru.
A servant, inferior, to { To revolve, return, a
nourish, rear. time, chapter.

: Hisashi, sakan. 3 Stroke radical.


} A sun-shade, luxuriant. ^ Characters.
*
Kuriya. IK * Komaneku,
+ A kitchen. J\ 5 To fold the arms.
49

. If, $, u hat
Niju, hatachi. =i- Tomurau, itamu.
IT 7 Twenty. v To lament for, condole
with.
Kammuri.
A cro.vn. p I \ Hiku.
\J \
v To draw, conduct, quote.
a Moteasobu, tawamureru.
9 To play with, to sport. Arazu, doru.
Not so, the dollar sign.
a: Ou,futa.
y To cover, a cover, jug.
rtl Hiroi, hiromaru.
-y 7 r Utsukushii, igo. 7,1* Great, large, to expand,
Beautiful, checkers. spread.

Yabureru, kuse. ^ Yurumeru, ochiru.


Broken, poor, mean, bad,
* To loosen, unfasten,
bad habits. relax, fall.

3 Stroke radical. A younger brother.


6 Characters.
^ A gauntlet.

__L* a Igurumi. ^ The


Yuzuka, nigiri.
\* 9 Shooting birds with a gripping place of a
cord-attached arrow. bow.
4 Hitotsu. Yumibukuro, hatabukuro.
? One. 9 A bow-case, a flag-case.
4> Yumizuru.
v A bow-string, chord.
Nori.
A law, custom, cere-
mony, form. A bow, an arch.
A stake. Ishiyumi.
A large bow.
Korosu, shiisuru.
To kill a superior. Tsunoyumi.
A bow with horn or bone
ends.
3 Stroke radical.
s Yowai.
P H 24 Characters. 9 Weak, young.

^. Yuhazu, tsugaeru.
Yumi. v The tip of a bo w,to fix (as
A bow. an arrow to a bow-string).
50

Hani. Kanae, nori. Com. j$


To spread, stretch, boast A tripod vase, rule, law.

Tsuyoi, tsutomeru, shiini.


Strong, violent, to force, 3 Stroke radical.
San-zukuri.
urge regardless of right.
ii Characters.
Tasukeru.
To help, assist.
*
*
^ wo kazari.
A hair ornament, tassel.
Yagoro.
A bow-shot.
Katachi, arawareru.
Ut hiku. Figure, shape, appear-
TO jerk, a spring, bullet, ance, to be manifest.
to play (a musical instru- X Akai.
ment).
Sukoyaka, tsuyoi. Htko, sugureta hito.
Vigorous, strong. An illustrious person, an
lyoiyo, habikoru, amaneku, honourable title, a man.
tsukurou.
Stillmore, to spread out, Irodoru, aya.
everywhere, to mend,
To colour, paint, to be
variegated.
Hiku, magani.
To draw, bend, arched. Horu, chiribameru.
To engrave, carve, inlay.
-Vr 3 Stroke radical.
- 1 * ~$Z\\
Hi*
A ^ Kei-gashira.
7 Characters.
Ay a,
An
tora.
ornament, a tiger.

Uruwashii, dkiraka.
/far/ nezumi no atama.
_JL4^ A hedgehog's head.
* Beautiful, .clear.
4
Tsuzumi no oto, sakan.
*?-& Urdkata no kotoba, i no
The sound of a drum,
^C v tagiii.
A divination term, a vigorous.
kind of pig. Akirdkd, arawasu, ay a.
/&' u'o horu koto.
Clear, to manifest,figures.
To carve wood. sugatd.
hokiboshi.
Shade, shadow, an image.
/,
# A broom, comet.
3 Stroke radical.
^^ A , *H00.
Gyo-nimben.
pig, wild pig. MH 36 Character .

Tagui.
, A sort, kind, to classify, Tatazumu.
collect. To stop, stand still.
51

Tsukau.
y^/La:
52

@fr*
53

5
56

Uryoru, urei, kanashimu. Itamu, kanashimu. omoi-


Sorrow, sorrowful.
To be sad, distressed, to
Kokoro, kokorobase, omoi. sympathize with.
The mind, will, mean- * Ayamachi, toga.
ing, feelings. v A mistake, fault.
Ugoku, kotae-hibiku.
t&\ v To move, feel, admire, be v To grieve, pity.
sensitive to.
Motoru, gojo na.
f Itsukushimu. To oppose, obstinate.
.4 To love, pity.
Ikidoru.
p
_ Oroka. v To be angry.
*
Foolish.
Yorokobu, kokoroyoi.
_ Odoroku, awateru.
-)f
To be glad, happy, com-
~*j? To be frightened, con- fortable,
fused, flurried.
Yasuraka,? shizuka, dama-
Yorokobu.
ti
v Comfortable, be
m*^ To rejoice. silent.
quiet, to

Uryoru, osoreru. 1
Tsutsushimu.
To grieve, fear.
'

To be respectful, cir-
cumspect.
Uryoru, hitori.
To Itsukushimi, nasake.
grieve, alone.
Love, charity, pity.
Satoi, shizuka. n Arisama, sugata.
Clever, quiet. \4 Form, appearance, man-
ner, condition.

To hurry, narrow-mind- i, nageku.


ed. To be angry, grieve.

Kurai. hajiru.
Dark. i Shame, disgrace, to be
ashamed.
Tsutomeru, omou.
To exert one's self, think. 14 Nengoro, awaremu.
;
y Kindly, polite, to pity.

- Okotaru.
Akitarazu, kokoroyoi.
IFI To be idle, remiss.
Dissatisfieo), comfortable.

Nayamu. Ononoku.
To be distressed, afflict- To fear, tremble with
ed. fear.
57

Tsutsushimu, sunao, ma- Omompakaru.


koto. To consider.
To show reverence, sin-
cere, true. Nagusameru.
To amuse, divert, con-
Yasui, tanoshimu. sole.
Easy, to be happy.
Yorokobu, iwau, saiwai.

m Tsutsushimu, yoi, sunao.


To show reverence, good,
sincere.
To rejoice, congratulate,
happiness.

Susumeru. f To grieve over public


To advise. affairs.

Anadoru, utagau, kakusu. a Musaboru.


To despise, doubt, con- * Passion, lust, greed, to
ceal. covet.

Hayai, tachimachi. I Urei, uryoru.


Fast, immediately. v Grief, to sorrow, be anxi-
ous.
Itamu, kanashimu.
To grieve. ^ Uryoru, itamu.
* To grieve, suffer pain.
Uttaeru.
To appeal to. * Haji, hajiru.
* Shame, to feel ashamed.
Equiv. %&
f To love, long for.
h Kakusu, warui, yokoshima.
,-* Itamu, sokonau, mugoi. 9 To conceal,bad, perverse.
'* To feel pain or sorrow,
to torture, cruel.
K Nageku, itamu.
& To
cry, grieve.
Anadoru, ogoru, okotaru.
To despise, be proud,
J Monoui.
v To be lazy.
Nareru, narawashi.
v To be accustomed to, -. Hayai, takeshii.
familiar with, custom. ? Quick, fierce.

Tashika ni.
^ Susumeru.
9-
? Certainly.
y To offer, press upon.
& Uryoru, itamu.
Intelligent.
V To grieve, lament.
Nageku, kanashimu.
To be grieved and indig- Oshimu.
nant. To begrudge.

%.
* Jfc a
* ^
a
58

Osoreru, fusu. Yorokobu, shizuka.


To fear, lie down. To rejoice, quiet.

Awaremu. Uramu.
To pity.
To resent, regret.

Nengoro, makoto.
Habakaru. Courteous, true.
To fear, be shy of.
Kotaeru, atehameru, ataru.
.? Ikidoru. To correspond to, con-
* To be angry, indignant, sent, apply, accordingly.
zealous.
Nayamu, kurushimu.
>r Ikou, yasumu. To be in distress.
* To rest.
Okotaru.
To be lazy.
* Nori.
v Law, constitution.
Omou, shirusu.
To think, note down, re-
y Nikumu.
v To hate.
member.
Uryoru.
Tsukareru. To grieve, feel sorrow
To be weary. for.

Nengoro, komayaka.
tr Uryoru, awaremu.
* To Kind, intimate.
grieve, pity.

fc Yoi, tsutomeru, sakan.


Tanomu,yoru.
Good, to labor, flourish-
? To apply to, rely on,
evidence. ing.

Yorokobu.
4. Itsuwaru. To be glad.
* To falsify.

^ Yatsureru, uryoru. Tashinamu, sukoyaka.


* To be emaciated, sor- To be fond of, healthy.
rowful.
Wazurau, nwdaeru.
.
To be troubled, in an-
T
To grieve. guish.

* Namajii ni. ;
Itamu.
Without deliberation, \
To be in pain.
v thoughtlessly.
Kurai, midareru, oroka.
Yorokobu, konomu. Dark, to be disturbed,
To rejoice, like. foolish.
59
'

Yowai, ikujinai. H^ . Tsuchinoe.


Weak, cowardly. /At The fifth calender sign.

Korasu. Masakari.
> > To punish, threaten, con- A broad ax, battle ax.
vict.
Sen.
Idaku, omou, natsuku, fu- A Japanese coin, a sen.
tokorc.
To embrace, desire, be
tamed, the bosom. The dog, the eleventh zo-
diacal sign, north-west.
Kakaru.
To hang, concern, cost Mantoru.
depend on, be anxious. To guard.
Kurai, oroka, midareru.
Tsuwamono, hamono, ebi-
Dark, foolish, to be dis-
su.
turbed.
A soldier, arms, a bar-
Okotaru, monoui. barian.
To be indolent.

To become, finish, per-


\m Kuyuru.
To repent, confess. form.

uryoru. ~fc it Imashime, imashimeru.


To rejoice, grieve. 7PC * A prohibition, command-
ment, to punish, warn.
Osoreru, ononoku, odosu.
To fear, tremble, threat-
en. I, my, we, our.
Osoreru. a Aruiwa, aru, kuni, tochi.
* Or, if, some, a
To fear. certain, per-
haps, doubtful, country.
Yoi, uruwashii. * Sokonau,
Good, beautiful. korosu, hoko.
9 To injure, kill, a spear.
Koi, shitau.
Love, to love, long for. -fe Shitashimu, miuchi, uryoru.
* To be friendly, intimate
Oroka. with, relatives, to grieve.
Foolish.
* A clicking, beating
v sound.
4 Stroke radical.
rt ,m Hoko-zukuri. * Hoko.
M I"* 22 Characters. * A double headed lance,

f> Hoko, ikusa. , korosu.


y A spear, lance, war. ^ To conquer, kill.

n Jh '.
,,5: ff
I* * * ? tt

R,
58

-fe Osoreru, fusu. Yorokobu, shizuka.


~y To fear, lie down. Hv To rejoice, quiet.

u Awaremu.
v To pity. To resent, regret.

Nengoro, makoto.
n Hdbakaru. Courteous, true.
>s/ To fear, be shy of.
Kotaeru, atehameru, ataru.
? Ikidoru. To correspond to, con-
* To be angry, indignant, sent, apply, accordingly.
zealous.
Nayamu, kurushimu.
4. Ikou, yasumu. To be in distress.
< To rest.
Okotaru.
Nori.
To be lazy.
*
v Law, constitution.
Omou, shirusu.
To think, note down, re-

To hate.
member.
Uryoru.
Tsukareru. To grieve, feel sorrow
To be weary. for.

Nengoro, komayaka.
t; Uryoru, awaremu.
* To Kind, intimate.
grieve, pity.

fc Yoi, tsutomeru, sakan.


Tanomu, yoru.
To apply to, rely on,
Good, to labor, flourish-
p
evidence. ing.

Yorokobu.
Itsuwaru.
4. To be glad.
-> To falsify.

^. Yatsureru, uryoru. Tashinamu, sukoyaka.


* To be emaciated, sor- To be fond of, healthy.
rowful.
Wazurau, modaeru.
To be troubled, in an-
*
To grieve. guish.

* Namajii ni.
Without deliberation,
'* To be in pain.
5 thoughtlessly.
Kurai, midareru, oroka.
to be disturbed,
'

Yorokobu, konomu. Dark,


\
To rejoice, like. foolish.
59

Yowai, ikujinai. Tsuchinoe.


Weak, cowardly. The fifth calender sign.

* Masakari.
J Korasu.^
v To punish, threaten, con-
* A
broad ax, battle ax.
vict.

g Idaku, omou, natsuku, fu- ,


y A Japanese coin, a sen.
4 tokorc,
To embrace, desire, be
tamed, the bosom. The dog, the eleventh zo-
diacal sign, north-west.
,4- Kakaru.

I" To hang, concern, cost Mamoru.


depend on, be anxious. To guard.
a; Kurai, oroka, midareru.
'* Dark, foolish, to be dis- Tsuwamono, hamono, ebi-

turbed.
A soldier, arms, a bar-
5 Okotaru, monoui. barian.
* To be indolent.

^ Kuyuru. To become, finish, per-


* To repent, confess. form.
'

Yorokobu, uryoru. Imashime, imashimeru.


,v To rejoice, grieve.
A prohibition, command-
ment, to punish, warn.
Osoreru, ononoku, odosu.
To fear, tremble, threat-
en. 1, my, we, our.

t Osoreru. a Aruiwa, aru, kuni, tochi.


9 Or, if, some, a
"* To fear. certain, per-
haps, doubtful, country.
Y0/, uruivashii.
Good, beautiful. ^ Sokonau, korosu, hoko.
& To injure, kill, a spear.
LX X<?z, shitau.
y Love, to love, long for. -fe Shitashimu, miuchi, uryoru.
* To be friendly, intimate
* Oroka. with, relatives, to grieve.
* Foolish.
# A clicking, beating
y sound.
4 Stroke radical.
. Hoko-zukuri. Hoko.
Mr*
,
22 Characters. A double headed lance,

u Katsu, korosu.
A spear, lance, war. v To conquer, kill.

X
a
B
60

t
g Osameru atsumeru.
, Shitagau.
i? To store up, collect. To follow.
^ Kiru, tatsu. Tobira.
i* To cut, cut off. The leaf of a door, title
page of a book.
i
ij Korosu, sarasu.
[
9 To kill, expose (a corpse).
4 Stroke radical.
i -fe Tatakau, soyogu.
\* To fight, war, to tremble 24/ Characters
with fear, flutter in the
wind.

i
Tawamureru, asobu.
To play, sport.
^ The hand, arm, a handle.

Hataraki, wazuka.
r Itadaku, noseru.
To put on the head, re-
#1 Ability,
scarcely.
talent, only,

ceive respectfully, sustain.


Utsu.
To beat, strike.
E^- -Ju 4 Stroke radical.
To ~sasllira - tataku.
/h* rtU
-fc i,

rt
Hi"* 10 Characters. 1 1 To strike, beat.
r
Osu, hiraku.
To push, grasp, open,
entrust to.
A door, house, family.
!
Tataku, hikaeru.
V Semai, nayamu, wazawai. To
'

knock, to refrain,
* Narrow, to suffer, mis-
,

withdraw, put down.


fortune.

Motoru, modoru, tomaru. To pierce, well, now.


To oppose, return, stop. -fcr Fusegu, mamoru.
* le, heya,fusa, manaita.
TT To defend, protect.
'

v A house, room, tassel, a Tasukeru, mamoru.


chopping board. To assist, protect, help.

su, shimesu.
A place, cause, that To strike, push, show,
which. criticize.

^ Tozasu, kwannoki. Ukeru, uketamawaru, tsugu.


1 To shut, a gate bar. To receive, acknowledge,
succeed to.
^ Hiratai, oi, hikui.
v Flat, many, low. : Oru, kujiku, wakajini

To break, bend, fold, die


A folding fan, to fan. young.
61

4/L h Nageru, tomdru.


IX * To throw, send (as a let-
62

4CI ij Tabiirakasu, kadowakasu. Oyayubi.


"
77J * To deceive, abduct. The thumb.
Hiraku. tsumamu.
Hitieru,
To open. To pinch, pick up.
* Hiku,
v To pull, draw, a dis- y Koshiraeru.
v To make.
charge.

,s Naderu, kesu, nuru. 9- Semeru.


v To ? To urge, press upon.
stroke, rub, erase,
anoint.
s/ Hirou, to.
7 To pick up, ten.
Tsukamu, hiku, toraeru.
To seize, lead away.

-H Saku, hiraku, utsu. To have, hold, keep.


I/ P To tear, open, strike.
A finger, to point out.
* To pull, draw, extract.
^ Nuguu,fuku.
jt Hasamu, tstigtwni.
* To fit into, close (the
# Kukuru, musubu.
mouth), be silent.
y To bind, tie, unite.
r Nejiru, oru.
* To twist, break. 4^ * Honeoru, hataraku.
In y
'
To labor, toil.
>N Nageutsu.
v To throw or fling away. ^ Sukuu, tasukeru.
5 To save
/, tatdku, hyoshi.
9 To beat, strike, beat * Komanuku.
time, pulsation. tr To fold the arms.

* Sam, sasageru, motsu. Kobushi.


3 To leave, offer up, hold.
4-
* The fist.

naderu.
7 Utsu, tatdku,
To strike, beat, stroke. ^ Idomu.
* To challenge, defy, en-
tice.
Suieru, -wakatsu.
* To throw away, divide.
it Utsu, tadasu.
^ Te wo utsu koto, mau. v To beat, investigate, tor-
" To clap the hands, dance. ture.
63

it Fusegu, mamoru.
4 To hang. v To ward off, protect.

1 Hissageru.
4-
=?Nuku, nukinderu.
-* To carry in the hand. 4 To pull out, supersede
aux. num. for guns, etc.
-r Kangaeru, hikaeru, tnomu. ^ Hakadoru.
*" To consider, restrain, < To progress favorably.
massage. *

to Utsu, iatdkau. y To pull, lead.


* To strike, fight.

4 Kumu, yuzuru, shirizoku.

To
? To dip up, relinquish,
draw, pull. retire.

>r Osu, chikazuku. t. Suteru.


:
4 To push, draw near. * To throw away, give up.

s/ Furuu. ; Sasageru.
v To shake, quake, stir up. To present to a superior.

* Hasamu, sashihasamu,
* To hold between two To throw away.
objects, cherish.
^v Maku, kakageru.
'
Toraeru. To roll up, lift up.
To seize, arrest.
Harau, haku.
>xSabaku, wakatsu. To sweep, clear away.
v To unravel, divide, sell.
Sazukeru*
9 Hirou, toru. To bestow, give, impart.
v To pick up, take.
>v Tanagokoro, tsukasadoru.
jr The palm of the hand, to
a Hitoskii, tataku.
^ Equal, to hammer. control.

Hiraku, shirizolzeru, na-


9* Osu, toraeru, itsuivaru. rabu.
* To push, seize, falsify. To open, cause to retire,
to be in a row.
Toraeru, karameru.
To and bind. Horu.
arrest, seize
To dig out
Kujiku, oru. Kakaru.
To sprain, break, destroy. To hang, concern.

Jh :

s
64

>> Torn, tsumu. Kasumeru.


i To take, choose, pick. To take, rob.

tt Saguru, sagasu. muchi-utsu.


v To investigate, search * To beat, whip.
for, examine.
t- Ageru, sobieru.
t Tsugu, majlwaru. v To raise, tower aloft.
y To join, associate with,
continue, touch. ^ (9&M, hodokosu, semaru.
* To put, confer, crowd
ff
= Hikacru. upon.
^ To restrain, withdraw,
jot down, 'appeal. f. Wakibasamu, ivaki.
* To hold under the arm,
* Osu, susumeru. the side.
# To push, press, infer,
advance, guess. a: Ou, OSOU.
'* To cover, attack un-
Okite. awares.
Law, rule.
*z Hiku, todomaru.
ix Nejiru, motoru.
4 To pull back, to .stop.
1 To twist, wrench, oppose. ^ Sukuu.
9 To scoop up.
Hineru, sawaru.
To twist, twirl, touch.
y To equalize, match, com-
-t Katsu, hayai. plete, furnish.
? To conquer, quick.
^ Momu, tawamcru.
^ Sueru, yoru. v To rub, crumple, bend.
a To place, rely on.
? Hissageru, tazusaeru.
4 To carry in the hand.
To press, print.

f- Sasu, sashihasamu.
^ Hineru, tsumamu. ~
J To
? To twist, take a pinch, clasp, insert.

pick up.
Com. }. ^
. -y Ageru, homeru.
& Nusumu. To
'

fj
raise, hoist, praise.
v To steal.
,

f Kaeru, aratameru.
T, Sumu. , v To change, exchange,
* To dwell.

5=- Furiiu. Kdkageru.


* To flap or shake (as a To raise up, hoist, pub-
tail). lish.
65

Furuu. toraeru.
* To t,

shake, wield, scatter. To strike, seize, arrest.

3- Tasukeru.
* To help. * To scratch.

Hdkaru. oi Ugoku, yureru.


*
To plan, plot. * To move, be shaken to
and fro.

^ Egaku, utsusu.
To draw, describe, copy * Tazusaeru, hissageru.
4 To carry in the hand,
carry. Cor. j^
Koneru.
To knead, mix, falsify. 3 ///&, ^t/ra/.
Equiv. J To
tr
pull, dark, ignorant.

4 Komanuku. yuzuru.
? Sto&m*.
To fold the hands, yield.
To squeeze, milk.

T Nigiru. ^ Tsuku, utsu.


? To grasp. ? To pound, strike.

* Hdkaru. Hakobu, utsusu.


* To plan, conjecture. * To move.
transport,

Karakau. 9. Sagasu.
To mock, banter, tease.
v To search, investigate,
enquire after.
a: Tasukeru, hiku.
* To assist, rescue, draw. y Noseru, utsu.
^ To load, strike.
*, Erdbu, wakatsu.
y To choose, \& Kakageru, nukitoru.
distinguish. ^ To lift up, pluck out.
v To cover. i
f Karameru.
]& To bind, arrest.
^ /#&/.
To draw, full.
To copy, print.
Hakaru, nori.
To measure, law. , toru, ou.
t. To strike, take, cover.
y Sokonau, ushinau, herasu.
10 * Harm, to damage, lose, y Sashibasamu, furuu.
diminish. * To hold between, wave.

Jr Jh

H
66

, tataku. Maku, shiku.


* To strike, beat. To sow, spread, publish.

a? Hirou, tsumu. -t: Erabu.


* To pick up, pick off. v To choose, select.

Kosuru, migdku, kesu. Utsu.


To rub, polish, sharpen, To strike.
erase.
4- C/tew, nageru, kakageru.
, Utsusu, nottoru, saguru. V To strike, throw, lift up.
A mould, model, to copy,
search for.
=) Torn, kakimazeru.
9 To take, mix.
^ Suru, yaburu.
? To rub, print, de-
file, ^ Utsu, kakageru, harau.
stroy. * To strike, lift up, clear
away.
Utsu, marumeru.
To strike, roll into a ball. ft Sasacru, sao-sasu.
*>
To support, to push with
\T Narau, utsusu. a pole.
* To imitate, copy.
t Hissageru, saku.
Kudaku. 4 To take up, tear.
To break, crush.
* Tsukaneru.
jft. Toru. >vTo bind in a bundle.
&* To take.
Sashi-maneku, saku.
p To strike, pound.
To beckon, tear.

U# Kakageru, utsu. '-y Motsu, utsu.


To hold, strike.
a* To lift up, strike. [*.

-t: Hiroi-toru. Naburu, idomu, kasumeru.


* To pick up.
To tease, entice, seize.

* Tsukamu. i,nozoku, hagu.


To grasp. To take away, to strip
off, reject.
^a Sasaeru,
"
noberu.
To prop up, stretch. Hineru, yoru.
To twist.
Naderu, itawaru.
'

; To stroke, tranquilize, Tsuku, tataku.


comfort, pity. To pound, strike.
67

Tsunmmu, toru. Of-^rt/&5M.


To take a pinch of, take To conceal.
(a photograph).
Imashimeru.
:>-,
Harau, hanatsu, bacht. To warn, reprove.
!* To clear away, shoot, a
plectrum. Sasageru, ukeru.
To offer, receive.
y Osameru.
'^ To restrain.
Tsuranuku, kiru.
..9. Chirasu, maku. To pierce through, wear.
^ To scatter, sprinkle.
Kezuru, oru, muchiutsu.
t*- Tomeru, tau'ainu, mida- To scrape, break, whip.
i* reru.
Ugokasu.
To bend, relax, be dis- To move.
ordered.
Utsu.
r^- Tsukaneru, todomeru, kan- To strike.
[
v gaeru.
To bind, check, inspect, :
Hoshiimama ni suru.
consider. To act arbitrarily.

& Erabu.
* To choose. ,mamoru.
To embrace, hold, pro-
Misao, toru, ayatsuru.
-9-
tect.
v Chastity, to take, work
Saku, oyayubi.
puppets.
To tear apart, the thumb.
V Utsu.
'* To beat, strike Toriko, toraeru.
A captive, to seize, take
*

* Yoru.
a To rely on, on account prisoner.
;

of. Ninau.
To carry on the should-
^* Utsu, mukau.
ers, be responsible.
To strike, confront.
Ageru, kaku, kozoru, mina.
>5 Suru, korogasu. To raise up, bear, all,
4 To pulverize, roll.
promote.
a Utsu.
T To strike. Nazoraeru, hakaru.
To imitate, model after,
t Kazoeru. compare, estimate.
*? To count, enumerate.
Toru, wakatsu.
h Muchi-utsu. To
v seize, divide.
To whip.

^ # JK
ff J! Jh
I*

a ft
68

Tsumani-motsu, tsumamu. *> Kdkageru. 16


To pick up with the * To lift up.
fingers. \s UtSU.
* To strike.
Motageru.
To lift up. ^ Shirizokeru, harau.
;JTo brush off.
expel,
Oshiotosu, oshi-ireru.
ni.
To overthrow, push in.
*
, tasukeru,kari

To take, help, act for


Tsuku, tataku. temporarily, pay heed to.
To pound, strike.
19
^ Osaeru, chirasu.
Hikidasu, nukinderu. f To hold down, scatter.

To pull out, select, excel. u Tsuru.


* To cramp, be drawn up
Shirizokeru. by disease.
'

To reject, cause to retire. 9 Tsukamu, torn.


? To grasp, seize.
Sasuru, kosuru.
To rub, stroke. Kaki-midasu.
To stir into confusion.
21
* Midareru, wazurawashii.
*

Nigiru, tsuka.
V To be confused, disturb- |
To grasp, a hilt.
ed, vexatious. 5 J0rw, tsumamu, moisu.
* To take up in the fingers,
'? Nageutsu. hold.
>* To throw, throw away.

Hirogeru.
4 Stroke radical.
&**' nyu-
*
To spread out, widen, ex- 2 Characters.
tend, fill.

^/<3, sasaeru, moisu.


Yojiru. A branch, to support,
To climb. hold.

Hiraku, nozoku, ugokatu. Katamuku, mochi-sam, so-

To open, eradicate, move. ; badatsu.


To lean, carry away,
tower up.
Tsumamu.
To pick up with the
fingers.
Stroke radical.
Boku-zukuri.
*
\r Minagorosu, shibaru. 31 Charac!ers. #c
\y To massacre, bind.

Ageru, yosutebito. *. fftai.


To raise, a hermit, monk. To strike.
69

y Toraeru, osameru, toru. >jj Aete, isamu.


* To seize, take, collect, .
v Daring, positively, to be
reap, pay in (as taxes). bold, adventurous.
% Aratameru.
4 To reform, improve, re- y. Chiru, chirasu, kogusuri.
vise, inspect. ^ To scatter, medicinal
a Utsu, semeru, osameru, powder.
v narau.
h Atsui, nengoro.
To strike, attack, study. v Honest, kind.
4 Tokoro,toi.
v A place, far. ^ Suteru,yabureru,tsukareru.
4 To throw away, to break,
Hanatsu, oiyaru, hoshii-
V to be weary.
mama.
To let go, set free, banish f
* Hiraku, arawareru, aki-
as one
pleases. v rdka.
^ Matsurigoto, tadasu. To open, be manifest,
1 Government, political, to clear.
govern, correct. Tama no sakazuki.
Moto, yue, furui, kotosara A valuable wine-cup.
ni.

Origin, cause, reason,


^ Uyamau, uyauyashii, tsu-
4 tsushimu.
old, deceased, purposely.
To honor, respectful, to
jj Kikime, isaoshi, narau, stand in awe of.
v manabu. [study.
t- Utau, utsu.
Efficacy, merit, to learn, v To sing, strike.
Oshie, michibiku, oshieru,
-seshimeru. ti Tataku, utsu.
Doctrine, to lead, teach & To strike, knock.
cause to do.
5rAda, kataki, kobamu.
t Satoi, toi. * An enemy, to oppose.
v Intelligent, clever, quick. * Kazu, kazoeru, shibashiba.
>HYaburu, sokonau, kusareru. -
Number, several, to
4 To break, destroy, defeat,
count, often.
rot.
* Sukuu, tasukeru. Shiku, tsuranaru.
v To save, assist.
To spread, be arranged
in a row.
j> Tsuizuru, noberu, tsuide.
3 To arrange in order, re- t Totonoeru, hitoshiku sum.
late,confer rank upon,
4 To put in order, repair,
by the way. equalize.
* Mikotonori. ix Osameru, toru.
5 An Imperial decree. y To collect, gather in.

Ogoru, tawamureru, kama- ^ Taoreru, taosu.


bisushii. [noisy. 4 To fall down, die, push
To be proud, to sport, over.

'X
'$.
i* * a
&
a
70

4 Stroke radical. Owo, j<?^/, /^m/, ta/sw.


An axe, to cut.
P H 4 Characters.
To cut.
? jFttOTZ, 0;y<2.
v A letter, composition; ij! Tatsu, kiru.
figures, v To cut off, cut.
u Sakan.
y Flourishing. Kore,kaku.
This, thus, so.
Uruwashii.
Pretty. y Atarashii, nii-.
^ New, recent, fresh.
Madara, buchi.
Striped, spotted.
^* Tatsu, taeru, sadameru.
v To cut off, cease, decide,
4 Stroke radical. refuse, decline. Ab. %ft
To-zukuri.
OK
I* 6 Characters.
4 Stroke radical.
Kata-hen.
A measure, the name of
RH 1 3 Character ;.
a constellation.
Hakaru, alegai. v Side, region, direction,
To estimate, fee, price,
material, allowance. person, square, way.
a, Yori, ni, oite.
Naname. [que. * In, on, as to, in regard to.
Inclined, slanting, obli-

/Ho wo jubai. Hodokosu.


A measure of ten to.
To give alms, bestow,
practice.
Kumu, hakaru. [select.
To dip out, estimate,
^Soba, katawara, katagata,
v amaneku.
Tsukasadoru.
Side, beside, while,
To rule, administer. everywhere.

4 Stroke radical. 3
1J ^^
A
5/1 *

Ono-zukuri. journey, traveling, a


8 Characters. brigade, many.
^ Sashizubata, usJii no isshu.
r*L Hakari, ono. [axe.
^A signal flag, kind of
) \ A catty, i| Ibs. Eng., an
cattle.

Shtrizokeru, Wzokeru, ha- ^ M no hata, kore.


r^.
/P karu. v A silken flag, this.
To drive away, expel, Yakara, tomogara, iagiii.
keep at a distance, esti- My*
* Family, relatives, per-
mate. sons, sort, kind.
71

Meguru, kaeru. -hH J


To revolve, return. /Ui^^ The rising sun.

Hata, arawasu. * Hideri.


A flag, to point out.
'
y A drought.
Hata no ashi. * Higure, sakan.
The folds of a flag. v Evening, vigorous.
Hata.
A flag. same, afterwards,
an elder brother.
z,Mrugaeru.
A flag, to wave. Noboru, agaru.
To rise, ascend.
4 Stroke radical. Sakan, akiraka.
2 Characters.
Prosperous, bright, clear.

Mukashi, inishie.
Nashi. ;

Ancient times, the past,


Not, without.
yesterday.
Sude ni, tsukusu. [haust.
!
Already, to finish, ex-
.
Yasui, kaeru.
Easy, to exchange, trade,
divination.
4 Stroke radical.
Nichi-hen.
Higure, kurai.
98 Characters.
'

Evening, dark.

i, dkeru.
y The sun day. * Clear, bright, obvious, to
open, dawn.
r~l & Tsuta, ashita, dkirdka.
.F~*~
v Early, morning, light, 9 Hikari, sakan, higasa.
clear. v Light, vigorous, a halo.
Furui, moto.
m** Formerly, old, ancient,
the olden times, origin. \f
t: Aki no
An autumn
sora, awaremu.
sky, to pity.

Umai, mune. % Agaru, takai.


Sweet, pleasant to the v To rise, lofty.
taste, meaning, object.
k-h Okii, hiroi, natsu no sora.
Ashita, tsuto, sumiyaka.
,v Large, wide, the summer
Early in the morning,
sky.
early, quick, fast.
Toka. y Katamuku.
A period of ten days, ten. ? To decline.

* # JOSL

jf n
* * y tt
5r ^
XU< "t_i

R
72

r Hareru, osoi, yawaragu.


A star, dot. v To become fair (clear),
late, to soften

The spring. >r Shiroi.


White.
Yami, kurai, kuramasu.
Darkness, dark, obscure, # Akiraka, hikaru.
to deceive.
v Clear, bright, to shine.

Kore, koko ni, tadashii.


? Sarasu.
This, here, right, cor-
rect.
4 To expose to the sun,
bleach.

Akiraka, hikari. 5/ Mahiru.


Clear, light, manifest.
v Mid-day, noon,
***
B^ Yesterday, last. s/ Susumu.
* To advance, increase.

Hiraku, tobi-agaru, hikaru.


To open, leap up, shine. *
Evening, night, late.

Hi no hikari.
Sunshine. *. Him.
v Noon, day-time.
Atatameru.
To warm.
Evening.
4Akiraka, hikari.
v Clear, light. i/ hikari.
White light.
* Subaruboshi.
P v The Pleiades. Akeru, kawaku.
To dawn, to dry.
*. Utsuru, akiraka.
4 To reflect (as in a mir- Akiraka, hoshi no hikari.
ror), shine on, clear. Clear, starlight.

f Chikazuku, mutsumajii,
">
shitashimu. Kurai, tsugomori, misoka*
To come near, friendly, :? Dark, the last day of the
to be intimate.
month.

* Hinaga, akiraka. v Ashita, tsuto ni.


v Morning,
? A long day, clear. ',
early.

Antaneku.
Time, hour, season. All, everywhere.
73

* Keshiki, kage* Hikari, kagayaku.


1 Appearance, scenery, -
Light, to shine.
shade, sunshine, light.
] Noberu, nagai.
Kashikoi, satoi. v To stretch, long.
Intelligent, wise.

Kasuka, kurai, yoru.


Akiraka, hikaru.
Faint, dark, night.
Bright, clear, light, crys-
tal.
y Shibaraku.
^ Hareru. ^ A short time, some time.
4 To be clear.
Kure, kureru.
Hikage, hakaru.
'
Evening, sunset, to set,
Shade, to calculate time, grow dark. -fc> &
t Hi-kure. Sarasu, kawakasu.
7
Dusk, evening. To expose to the sun,
7 to dry.
c Kurai, sasaeru.
^ Dark, to support.
t Akiraka, shiroi.
* Clear, white, complexion. jj Kiyoi, akiraka.
V Pure, clear.
Equiv. "U
.
,
>;Kurai.
* * Dark.
Leisure.
if Atatameru.
jj|
=
Hot, hot weather.
v To warm.
>v Kurai.
Ng-jr Atatakai,
atatameru. * Dark.
\0.v Warm, to heat.
j* Chikazuku, shitashimu.
* To approach, be intimate.
Knir Kurai, yami.
10 v Dark, darkness.
g /Ira/, flra^w, niwaka, sara-
ir!>.y Atataka, nodoka. ^
.sw.
'H,v Warm, mild. ^ Violent, to devastate,sud-
den, to expose to the sun.
Hp>
fft.
Tsuki-hi no kasa,
suru.
memai
n Kumoru.
The halo of moon or sun, * To be cloudy.
to become dizzy.
y Akatsuki, satoru.
Hinode, akiraka. v The dawn, to perceive,
9 Sunrise, clear. know.

jit

Ji

R
74

12 ip. Koyomi. ; Mukashi, saki.


O '* A calendar. : Ancient times, previ-
ously.
u Akiraka.
> Clear. I* Sarasu.
.* To expose to sunlight.
Kumoru, kazasu, kurai.
^ To cloud over, to hold
y as a screen from the sun, 4 Stroke radical.
4 dark.
Hirabi.
12 Characters.
Oyobu, tsuyoi, tonio ni.
To reach, strong, along
with. lu, notamau.
To speak, say, call.
Kagayaku, sakan.
To Magaru, yugamu, tsubu-
shine, flourishing.
sa ni.

Hinode, akiraka. To bend, be crooked,


Sunrise, clear. in detail, a tune.

Asahi. Hiku.
The rising sun.
To pull, drag.

Kaeru, fukeru, sara ni.


Kurai, kazasu, ou. To change, reform, grow
13
Dark, to hold as a screen late, again.
from the sun, cover.
jjIzukunzo, todomeru.
*. Hikari, kagayaku. * Why, to stop.
14
I

P Light, to shine, termina-


O s/ Kdku, fumi.
tion for days of the week. 3 To write, a book, letter,

|s, Akebono. document,


a The dawn, morning,
i

$ Tomogara, nioronwro.
twilight. ^ A plural particle, per-
L^ Kurai, bony art. sons, companions.
> Dark, dim. -v Hit'Oj, nagai, nobiru, utsu-
v kushii. [fair.
Higure.
Wide, long, to extend,
Dusk, twilight.
y Katsute, kasanaru.
[^ Sarasu.
^ Previously, ever, never.
To expose to the sun.
?
f-*
Kawaru, sutaru, yatnu.
l.

Akiraka, hisashii, muna- ?j


To change, substitute, be
[ $ sMku suru. discarded, out of use.
Clear, a long time, to
i- Mottomo.
make useless. .4 Very, best, right.
Hi no iro, asahi.
^ .4M,atsumaru, satoru.
\ Sunlight, the morning >f
To meet, assemble, a
sun. company, to perceive.
75

t~E -**r 4 Stroke radical.


H
/ 4 ^*K
Tsuki-hen.
HI* 12 Characters.
Imada,
Not
hitsuji.
yet, not, the sheep,
the eighth zodiacal sign.

^ The end, top branch, a


The moon, a month. descendant, future.
-1
* To A
be, have, keep, pos- >TL v ticket, card, note,
sess. paper-money.
* Tomo.
9 A friend, companion. v The
',
motozuku.
origin, principal,
-yKimono, shitagau. real, to be based upon, a
* Clothing, to obey, an book.
auxiliary numeral.
^ Aka, akai.
* Ware. *
* The Imperial "We." Red, vermillion, red ink.

Kinokawa, oinaru.
$
kita.
ffcfjf- Tsuitachi, hajime,
77J * The first of the month, The bark of a tree, great,
beginning, north. original, plain, simple.

~*2jfx Nozomu, mochizuki. Tsukue.


^35^ To desire, hope, expect,
a^ A table, desk.
the full moon.
din 5 Hogardka. J-Tt* Kuchiru.
^5/J * Bright, clear, spacious. T7^ To decay.
jfrtt^ ^sa, ashita, tsuto.
-T7J * The morning, early, the A thorn.
Court.

A A branch, cluster.
period of time, fixed
time, to fix, expect.
v The cedar, cryptomeria.
Oboro.
Dim, cloudy, obscure. Sumorno.
iggti 0&0r0. A plum.
Dim, cloudy, obscure.
Maruta, hataraki.

4 Stroke radical.
'M? Material, stuff, timber,
qualities, sagacity, ability

OH 282 Characters. Mura.


A village.
A tree, wood. A cane, stick, to lean on.

H
Jh
3? 1
*
Jr
76

n f- Makura.
TQ The Duke of Argyll's v A pillow.
tea-tree.
y Hay ash i.

tdba.
v A forest.
^ Tsukaneru,
y To tie, bind, a bundle,
sheaf. iki, kazu.
A stem, an auxiliary
numeral, to number.
A lever.
Konomi, hatasu,
Fruit, to end, accomplish
A branch, forking bran- as expected.
ches.

"
Hishaku, e.
A branch, limb.
r A dipper, handle. Biiva.
The loquat.

LJ An apricot.
Kui.
/
A stake, pile.
>T V* A^take, pile.
Magaru, mageru.
To bend, condescend.
no ne,fusagu.
Grass roots, to shut off.
W> Kine.
IT A mallet, pestle.
Soma.
A mountain planted with ^ Kozue, hashi, komakai.
timber, timber.
v The tip of a tree, end,
small.

A persimmon. * Hi, donguri.


a A shuttle, acorn, kind of
Sakazuki. chestnut
A wine-cup, glass. Com.^
i Kurai, haruka.
9 Dim, dark, far.
Higashi, azuma.
The east.
& Yuka, toko.
v The floor, a bed.
# The pine.
, ivakatsu.
4;|
4/1 To tear, divide, analyze.
^ A board, printing-block.
A wooden box for mea-
A branch, line. Com.f. f^ suring, a theatre box.
77

-frnf Ono-no-e, eda.


^ h, umaguwa.
" .

A handle, horse-rake. TMJ * An ax-handle, branch.


% Tekase. s/ Yamagnwa.
* Manacles. * A kind of mulberry (za-
v kurj ^5^?, the pomegran-
4.4-. Kareru. ate).

aP To be dried, withered,
*
Karatachi.
dead. A hedge tree.
^ E, tsuka, gara.
Tana, kakeru.
1 A handle, appearance, A shelf, to hang up, erect.
pattern, kind, sort.

s, Hiiragi.
9 The holly. Clappers.

Karasao, kubigase.
Kashiwa.
*
,

An oak.
A flail, cangue.

&
v
Soregashi, sore.
A certain person, that.
A rudder.
I,

401. fr
M^flM.
Someru, shimiru. r\\\ v The citrus family, an
To dye, penetrate, infect. orange.

>& Yawarakai. Hitsugi.


:* Soft, gentle, tender. A coffin.
Shiraberu, kangaeru. Karanashi, nanzo.
To enquire into, examine, A kind of apple, why.
investigate.

Hashira. A kind of horse-chestnut.


'

A post, pillar.
Ytisu, hahaso, kiru.
Yanagi. A banyan tree, an oak,
The willow. to cut.

Yuzu.
1 Brush wood. The citron, lemon.

4-rTT Masame.
Shigarami.
-9-
9 Hurdles, piles, a
TiL The straight grain of
palisade. wood.

Toga, tsuga.
* A rudder, an oar. A kind of fir.

SL ^ JKL

Jh

ft ft
73

-fe Kikugi. , kase.


v A stopper, cork, wooden Cross-beams, fetters.
peg.
>j Kurt.
* A chestnut. xhe Japanese ash.

jj Kangaeru, shiraberu.
* To consider, compare, To plant.
revise, a school.
Warui, sugureru.
vbfc+Rab*.
a Bad, superior.
V> The stump of a tree,
shares, stock.

a Afe, ;;;0to. * A kind of blue-bell.


^ The root, origin.

it Itaru, nori, tadashii. $, Ashigase.


y * Shackles, fetters.
To reach, rank, station,
pattern, rule, right.
hoko.
J Hobashira,
^ A mast, spear.
4. Katsura.
1 The cinnamon, or cassia,
tree. * Tcgase, tadashii.
Momo. Manacles, straight.
* A peach. * Kamachi.
7 Tsukue, dai, kangaeru. ^ A window, or door,
,
y A desk, resolution, pro-
frame.
posal, thought, idea.

^j-
Kuwa. A plum.
:* The mulberry.

The paulownia imper-


A branch, line, item, law.
ialis.
Nashi.
A pear.
A book-mark, clue, trail-
marker. 5? Hashigo.
Isamashii.
i A ladder, stairway.
fc -

.B y Brave.

^ Sumu,yasumu,
i Fetters, instrument, ma-
^ To dwell, rest. chine, contrivance.

^ Shigcru, hi.
The seeds of fruit, a v To be luxuriant, a shut-
4 gland. * tie.
79

'
Hart, utsubari, yana. Moto, go.
p A bridge, rafters, weir. The base, Japanese
checkers.
h Oke.
v A pail, bucket. , tateru.
To plant, set up (type),
colonize.
A cane, stick, an auxil-
iary numeril.
A pole, bar.
Kushikezuru, kushi*
To comb, a comb. Tana.
A shelf.
Kozue.
A twig, tip of a tree.

Taruki.
The ridge of a roof.
A rafter.
Mori, sakan, shigeru.
Azusa.
A forest, flourishing.
The catalpa.
Hitsugi.
Hobo, aramashi, tadashii.
A coffin.
For the most part, just.
Natsume.
The jujube.
Fuknro,gokumon nikakeru.
An owl, to decapitate
and expose.
To practise, a kind of
KajL cherry.
A rudder, helm.
f3^ Nejiru, motoru.
'

rf stogiri. ^ To twist, to be tangled.


A kind of paulownia.
y Yamanashi.
v A kind of pear tree.
Brahmanism, India, San-
scrit, sacred. Uwahitsugi, hakaru.
v An outer coffin, to cal-
Kuchinashi. culate.
Cape jasmine.
9 Hachi.
; Suteru, sutaru.
v A bowl (wooden).
: To throw away, reject,
abandon, obsolete. Kiwata.
Cotton.
^ Awns, gO*
The
-

base, Japanese Wdkareta eda.


checkers. r Forked branches.

SL C A JBL

ah !*
ft

ft
80

=, Bo. Kaede.
* A club. The maple.
9- Kakehashi, tana. Ibara, azayaka, kurushimu.
y A suspension bridge, jet- A thorn, clear, to suffer.
ty, shelf, gallery.
Kusunoki.
Tsue, utsu. The camphor tree.
A stick, to beat.

* , nanwai.
Ibara, ?
bushes. Calling, occupation, busi-
'# Thorny ness.

Sumu, sumika.
.^
To reside, J Kiwameru.
'< roost, a dwell- ^ To determine, exhaust,
ing, perch. investigate, extreme,
very.
-9 Shii, saizuchi, utsu.
# An oak, a mallet, to
strike. A model, correct, the
square character.
^ Tsugu, kusabi.
Shuro.
? To a wedge.
graft,
A species of palm.
wo ki.
A kind of tree. E
'
Shigeru, boke.
To be luxuriant, the
Japanese pear.
The cryptomeria.
I
Noki, hari.
| Eaves, a beam.
fr A species of palm.
7 Kai, kaji.
y An oar, rudder.
-fe Itadaki, sansho.
v The summit, the Japan-
ese pepper. Tawameru, mageru.
To bend.
Koshikake.
A chair. * The
cocoanut.

Nire.
ft Kai, sao. *
* An oar, pole.
The elm.

? Tsubaki. A species of oak.


v A camellia.
Hosonagai.
v Kawayanagi. Elongated, oval, an
v A willow. ellipse.
-* 81

?. Kozu. Kakefuda, kogu. 10


3 The paper mulbery. A placard, to row.
v Taruki. * Kareki.
* A rafter. v A
dead tree.
v
>r Kusabi. Yari.
v A wedge. \
A lance.

^ Hashira. '^ Tarai.


4 A pillar. l
y A basin.
fc* A plum tree. \? Tsuchi, utsu.
I* A
mallet, to strike.
n. j/ /fa/, &o/Y.
v An oar, rudder. Sakaki.
The Cleyera Japonica
(used in religious cere-
A shield. monies).

Enoki.
^ Enju.
.

' i

, An evergreen tree, the H The Japanese pagoda-


Chinese tree-lotus. tree.

Sakaeru. Zakuro.
Splendor, .to be luxur- The pomegranate.
iant, excellent.

; n Kamae, kamaeru.
'v The external appearance,
an enclosure, to con-
struct.
The pistachio.

* A kind of palm.
A house.
* Taruki.
* A rafter. Shiboru.
To squeeze out.
? Sugi, shigeru.
* The cryptomeria, to be
luxuriant. V A faggot, fire-wood.
Kiru, ikada. * Hdko.
To cut, a raft. ^ A spear.
y Hashibami. tt Koshikake.
* The hazel. ? A lounge.

Jh
a
R
Ako. *
A banyan-tree. I

A trowel.

Omune. \
= ^ Shikimi, nioigi.
* * The Chinese anise.
Generally, for the most
part.
9- Yagura, sukui-ami.
J TanoshimL v A tower, a scoop-net.
Happiness, pleasure,com- !

* fort, music. *jf- Afuchi.


^^Thhe pride of India, a
tree.
v A water pipe, spout,
gutter. ? Yuzu, koeda.

Takadono, yagura. ;* A lemon, twig.


v A
large house of several
Omune, taira ni sum.
stories, a tower. ;>f
;^ For the most part, to
~. Shirushi, arawasu. level.
v A mark, sign, to display.
^ Kaiba-oke, oke.
Kusunoki. v A feeding tub, watering
v The camphor tree, cam-
trough.
phor.
v Santa.
v Manner, form, appear- An oar.
ance, Mr.
Momi.
. 2, nori, katadoru. The white fir.

: To model after, copy, a


pattern, form, scale. 4 Tsuki, keyaki.
A kind of tree.
3 Kashi no kt.
An oak tree. P* Toboso, kaname.
A hinge, pivot, import-
^ Mukuge. ant, essential.
^ The rose of Sharon.
Kiji, kazari no nai.
^ Fuda, yomu, kaku. Plain, simple, honest, un-
*
" A
writing board, to read, affected.
to write.
Ki, tateru, ueru.
* Uwahitsugi,
g
Iiakaru. A tree, to stand, erect,
An outer coffin, to cal- plant.
culate.
Hashi.
Montijt. A bridge.
The maple.
Hata, hazumi, takumi.
* Hanetsurube. A loom, rebound, chance,
v A
well-sweep. machinery, important.
83

hoshiimama, yoko- Kikori, takigi. 12


taeru. A wood-cutter, fire -wood.
Across, self-willed, to
place across. * The birch, a brown color.
i, (Kanran $fcffi, the olive)
v A kind of tree. .* Sto-i.
i
i A sledge.
& Fukuro.
* A
small bag.
^ Toehi.
-v The horse-chestnut.
Hosonagai.
Slender.
A rudder.
# Magaritaruki, tawameru.
v Crooked wood, to bend.
'*
Kaski-no-ki, tsuyoi.
Zdkuro. \
r The oak, strong.
ij

v The pomegranate.
A kind of tree.
v A cask, barrel.
e* z, farar.
\ Hitsugi-oi, kareru.
^ A species of oak whose
y
*
A coffin cover, to wilt. inner bark yields a dye,
die. a tub.

Sasaeru, tsukae-bashira. Muchi-utsu.


* To support, a prop. To whip.

> Kui, kiri-kabu. >rTomoshibi.


* A stake, stump.
< A
light, torch.

^ Tareru, shibe. y Fubako, shiraberu, kangae-


* To hang down, the essen- v ru.
tial organs (of a flower). An envelope case, to ex-
amine, consider.
*;
Tsuku.
v To strike against, ring (a
5
Hinoki.
bell). j[ A species of evergreen.
Daidai. Kaorigi.
A kind of bitter citrus The sandal- wood tree,
fuxt. a Buddhist temple.

Tachibana. y Meshibumi.
Trees of the citrus va- * A summons, an an-
riety. nouncement.
Kashi. ? Kawayanagi.
The oak. 4 The willow.

Jh
tt
5
84

:: Noki. Sakura.
'*
17
The eaves. The cherry tree o
* HobasMra.
v A
mast.
A kind of hard-wood
tree.

Tesuri.
The hemp palm. A hand-rail, column (of
a newspaper).

(Binro Renji, tesuri, koshi.


mt A *"
kind of palm. Lattice, a hand-rail, bal-
ustrade.
tgt* On.
'Dm.*' A cage, prison. ^ A weight, power, autho-
Kai. rity, influence, to plan,
An oar. weigh.
5 Maruku sum. 19
b - J-iC*A,l/ v To take a circular form.
. A box. the olive
5 (Kanran ffifl,
21
Kttshif kushikezuru.
v A kind of tree. [tree)
A comb, to comb. "
A hilt, handle.
Yumibukuro, yoroi-zutsu-
Y/ Fusagii, kurai, shigeru.
y Gloomy, dull, melancholy
A bow-bag, armor-case. dense.

Yagura, kai. 24
A watch-tower, an oar. Lattice.

4 Stroke radical
A kind of oak. Fuku-zukuri. fc
Mr 21 Characters. X
The candle tree.
Akubi, kakeru.

Kttnugi, donguri-no-ki.
A yawn, to be deficient,
absent.
A kind of oak, oaks.
/, tsugu.
Next, assistant, viee-, to
iff Kiri-kui, hiko-bae. succeed.
\v A stump, an off-shoot. I/U* Yorokobu.
V To rejoice.
/IA.^
Kusunoki.
I
a v Seki.
The camphor tree.
;
4 A cough. Equiv.
85

Hossuru, musaboru. Ka.


To wish, desire, covet, An interrogative par-
lust. ticle.

Kotaerukoe, "hai." Yorokobu, tanoshimu.


An affirmative response. To rejoice.

Naku, musebu.
To weep, sob. IA r&Tf 4 Stroke radical.

Azamuku.
Ill pj
p|j 9 Characters.
To deceive, cheat.
Todomeru, yamu.
Tsutsushimu. r To halt, stop, cease, re-
To main.
reveren:e, Imperial
^ Tadashii, masa ni.
Yorokobu, makoto, tataku, 4 Correct, straight, just,
komayaka. proper, legal.
To knock, an article,
minute. Equiv. & This, here.
Musaboru, ana. Ayumu.
En. 5' To covet, a hole, pit.
>jfc
' '

To walk, a step, interest,


36 sq. ft.
Yamu, tsukiru.
To Takeshii, tsuyoi.
stop, rest, be ex-
hausted. Fierce, strong, military.

Ukeru, urayamu.
\y Yugamu.
To receive, envy.
\* Bent, crooked.

:-k Toshi.
Uta, utau.
A song, poem, to sing. (4 A year. Com. $$
'

ir Heru, amaneku.
Akitarazu, uramu, musa-
boru.
** To pass, successive, emi-
ment, everywhere.
Unsatisfied, to be dis-
pleased with, covet. Kaeru.
To return, revert, end.
Nageku.
To mourn.

?m
grieve,
Stroke radical.
Haku, utau.
To vomit, sing.
^-^.
Characters.

Naku, hanaiki suru.


To cry, breathe through -y Sarebone.
the nose. ** Bleached bones.

Suu, sobiyakasu, awaseru.


To suck, strut, concur. Death, to die.

it
86

Shinu. Tsukusu, tsukiru, kotogo-


To die.
To exhaust, be spent,
Wakajint. entirely.
Early death.
Taoreru, shiroko.
To fall, die, a diseased

%P* Ayaui, hotondo.


Perilous, almost, nearly.
silkworm.
Karimogari, uzumeru.
, yultu. Temporary burial, to
To die, pass away. bury.
Tsukusu, horobosu.
-TCjh PFflZflttW, fctttfZZ SMrH. To destroy, annihilate.
/^/v Misfortune, to condemn.

T 1
Horobosu, tayasu. -^f/ 4 Stroke radical,
ttlJ Ru aia
-
v To destroy, exterminate. '

Ml'* 10 Characters.
nit korosu, ivakalsu.
*
Especially, to kill, to dis- s/ Sao, hoko.
tinguish. * A pole, spear.

Shitagau, tomo ni shinu. ^ Shikiri, wakachi.


To (even unto
follow
v A step, grade, platform,
death), die for another. section, yyotsubo of land.
-9. Korosu, sogu.
Uejini, kareru.
"'
To kill, cut, slice off.
Starving to death, to
_j
wither. \ Sakan.
* Prosperous, a booming
noise.
_ _, ',fueru, ucru.
5 To increase, enlarge, get to Kara.
rich, plant. The shell, skin.

h Majiwaru, sakana.
;
Nokoru, sokonau. * To mingle, a relish eaten
(
To be left over, injure, with sake.
destroy.
o, shingari.
^* Korosu,
tsumi suru. A palace, temple, lord,
\ y To kill, condemn. Mr., the last of a row.
p> fr Ochiru, owaru. Kobotsu, soshiru.
* To fall, die. To break, slander.

Wakajini suru. Tsuyoi, takeshii.


f # To die young. Strong, firm, stern.

^x Shinu, taosu. Utsu, tataku.


l< To die, kill. To strike, knock, assault.
87

* Fusafusa shita.
4 Stroke radical. 11
5 Characters, Tufty (hair), long hair.
S'
Tori no ke.
12
p Feathers, a feather robe.
J7L . Nakare, nashi.
UJ* A prohibition, do not,
iz
v
Kemushiro.
A woolen rug. 13
not.

Hdha.
A mother. p* jfel? 44 Characters.
Stroke radical. A
JU\( PP
Every, each, always.
Sokonau. ' C7/V.
Poison, to harm. A surname, Mr.
5?- Itaru, utsumuku, hikui.
-f Sodateru, yashinau.
* To bring up, nourish. * To reach, look down,
low.
o
LI* I&ff 4 Stroke radical. The people, subjects.
J4U ((IP 2 Characters. 7Vz''
4
Ths people, subjects.
Ll H Kuraberu, naraberu, tagui,
J-L Jtoro.
To compare, 4 Stroke radic.i
1
. A
a row, sort, kind, time.
arrange in
5 Characters. m
'
Atsut, tasukeru.
^ /W. [mood, nature.
Kind, to help. $;. S,
V Vapor, breath, spirit,

4 Stroke radical.
^^' Air, foul
? Iki, wazawai.
air, misfortune.
ft 8 Characters. *4 Sakan.
t v Grand, sublime.

Hair, fur, feathers. &** Vapor, breath, spirit,


mood, nature.
Mushiru.
To pluck.
y Sakan.
v Invigorating atmospher-
Hosoge. ic influences, flourish-
Fine hair. ing.

Hosoi, sukoshi, hosoge.


4 Stroke radical.
Thin, a fine hair.

Mart.
little,
Shita-mizu.
A
A ball. 292 Characters.
a

tt

K
88

Mizu. Ukabu, tadayou, hiroi.


Water. To float, drift about,
wide.
' Todomaru, kishi.
\ To stop, the shore.
Nagai, hisashii. mz&w.
Long, a long time, ever- * To cleanse, choose,select.
lasting.
* Kumu, hiku, suu.
$/ Shiru 7 To draw water, to suck
~J
Juice, gravy. fast to, busy.

rife* Motomeru. * Kimeru, wakeru, kesshite.


<J\ To seek, ask for, get. * To decide, settle, deter-
mine, never.
y~fV Nagisa, migiwa.
4 A ^ Shizumu, fukai, shizumeru.
\ J strand, sandy spit, v To sink, be immersed,
beach.
deep, to quiet.
>,Habikoru, amaneku. isago.
v To spread, overflow,
everwhere.
Oki, itokenai.
The offing, young.
-k Sfo'0, yushio, hikishio.
* The tide, evening tide, Shizumu, kakureru, shinu.
ebb tide. To sink, be hidden,
drown, die, to confiscate.
.* As.
v Sweat, perspiration.
Kamiarau, uruosu.
To wash the ha r, bathe, ;

- Kegareru, aka. moisten.


To be dirty, polluted,
filth. Midareru, shizumeru.
To be in disorder, to
1' sink.
'a You!
Shimu, saguru.
To soak in, seek for.
tf A river, arm of the sea.
Fusagaru, midareru.
To be obstructed, chaotic.
*
A pond. Fusagaru, koru.
To be obstructed, to
Mizudamari, kegareru. freeze.
A puddle, to be defiled.
Fukai, hiroi, okii.
a Mizugane. Deep, wide, large, an ex-
v Quicksilver, mercury. panse of water.
89

Amefuri, sakan. * Sosogu, tsugu.


To rain copiously, abund- p To water, give heed to,
ant. pour, flow into.

tt Kasanaru, musaboru, oka- Doro, nazumu.


5*
~?
su, kutsu. l Mud, to adhere to (an
To pile up, covet, trans-
opinion).
gress, shoes.
* Naku.
* Mizuke. ~y To weep.
Steam.
& Yasuraka, oinaru.
a Tsuchi no koela, sosogu, 1 Calm, peaceful, large,
to great.
Fertile, pour, luxuri-
ant.
* Toi, hiroi.
4 Far, wide.
M 1
Kawa.
A river. Hana-shiru.
Mucous from the nose.
7 Waku.
* To boil up.
Sakanoboru, mukau.
4 Abura. To ascend, confront.

v97 i, Kiyoi, hiyayaka, suzushii.


IP * A marsh. 4 Pure, cool.

Nagareru, namidaga deru.


P * To govern, tranquilize. To flow, start (as tears).

at Sou, shitagau. / Todomeru, yaburu.


* To go alongside fol- a
of, To check, defeat.
low, successive.

_ Izumi.
^ A spring.
A bubble.
>N Tomaru, todomaru, tada- v Uruou, nureru.
y To be moist, wet.
you.
To lodge, stop, drift. v
3
_.-.*, nottoru. r To trade.
buy,
A law, rule, doctrine, to
sell,

follow the example of.


Namida.
ji,

4 Tears.
A bubble, foam.
5 Nozoku, morasu, yuruydka.
Nami. ^ To discharge, exude,
A wave. i slow, lax.

a
^
90

I, Oyogll. Nagareru.
v To float, swim. To flow, a sort, kind,
style, school.
$ Afttreru, hoshiimama.
To overflow, wilful. ^
, eda.
To part, be divided, a
* Mashite, iwanya. branch, stream, sect,

y Still more, how much party.


more, condition, state. Ikiru.
y To be alive, active,
?> Waki-ideru. movable.
't To boil up, exude, se-
crete. ^ Makoto, hitoshii.
^ Truth, alike, equal.
Shiromizn.
Water in which rice has Shikiri ni, tabitabi.
-fe
been washed. v Frequently, often.

Ukabu. Arau, susugu.


*"
To float. $ To wash, rinse.

iru, kurai. Tamari-mizu, kegarcru.


5/ To go to ruin, dark. * A to
puddle, be filthy.

4 To swim. , samu.
* Clear, cold.
y Oumi, hiroi,
v The ocean, extensive,
foreign. A ditch, drain, canal.

-f To sprinkle, wash. 5 To bubble, or boil, up.

6 Hikaru,
To wash. hiroi, fukai,
To shine, wide, deep.
^| *. Hora,fukai, tsuranuku.
A cave, deep, to pene- no koto.
trate. Belonging to Kyoto, the
old Japanese capital.
kuni.
^lilj/ Nagisa, shima,
1/11* A
strand, islet, country. , oinaru.

flood, vast.

< To leak. Amaneku.


Universally, all.
5/ Watashi, watashiba, tsu.
^ A ferry, harbor, inlet, Hana-shiru.
ford. [* Nasal discharge.
91

Ura. Kuroku someru.


The sea- coast, a bay. To dye black.

Nami, midari. Namida, naku.


A wave, vagrant, un- Tears, to weep.
attached, wasteful, disor- Torn, izumi.
derly. To pass through, ajspring.
Ukabu, uki. Waku.
To float, light, fickle, a To boil, bubble, or gush,
buoy. forth.

Abiru.
To bathe, wash the body. To cross over, ford,
spend (as time), acquaint-
ed with.
i The sea.
Migiwa, kishi, kagiri.
s/
v
Hitasu, uruosu.
To soak, sink, wet.
A margin, bank, bound-
ary.
i^ Kieru, kesu.
v To disappear, to extin- * Juice, liquid.
guish, erase.
4 Madara.
y Obscene, lewd, licentious.
v To dredge, clean out.
a, Namida.
^ Okoru, sakan. 4 Tears.
y To rise, flourishing.

# Awai, usui.
Arau, sosogu. ^ Of delicate
flavour, taste-
To wash, rinse. less, flat, thin.

Oinaru, hiroi, sakan.


Kiyoi, isagiyoi.
Vast, wide, vigorous.
v Pure, clear.

* Majiru.
Saliva. To mix, mingle.
^ Chiisai nagsre.
* A rivulet. Pure, clear, China.

t Amaneku. Asai.
? Everywhere. Shallow.

Nozomu. Soeru, masu.


To regard (as does a To add, supplement, an-
ruler). nex, enclose, accompany.
1

uruosu.
Miri* Hitasu,
93

4 Ukabu, oyogu, asobu. Uzumaki, uzumaku.


v To float, swim, p'ay. A whirlpool, eddy, to
whirl around.
, y Minato, atsumiru.
v A harbor, to assemble.
4 A drop,
/, shitataru.
to drip.

Mizu-umi. =t Subete, oinaru.


A lake. v All, quite, large.

^sHaruka, hiroi, kiwamari


* Hot water, a bath. 9 no nai.
Far, wide, boundless.
Hayase. ni oboreru,
^ A rapids. utsuru.
nagare-

To be drunken, to change.
^ Sarau.

[
? To clean out, to dredge.

Kasu, ori.
Dregs, sediment.
W To
Waku.
wash, rinse.

To boil, bubble, or gush,


Nami-utsu. forth.
>N

4 Beating of the waves. Tokoro no na.


The name of a place.
9 Tokeru, chiru, sakan.
t To melt, scatter, flourlsh- Ochiru, shizumu, fusagaru.
To fall down, sink, be
closed up.
Kawaru, kaeru. Talaeru, shizumu.
To change. To fill to the brim, sink,

be quiet.
nanzo.
A ditch, canal, dock, he,
Minamoto, moto.
The source.
why.
Nori, hitoshiku suru, nazo-
Umi no na. rau.
A China sea. Rules, to make alike,
level, to compare, imitate.
Uryoru, semai, alsumaru.
mv To ^ grieve, narrow, to
* semble.
as-
Tamaru.
To collect, accumulate,
be stagnant.
wE3 7 Atsui, uruosu. Afureru.
ICE 9 Benevolent, to wet. To overflow.
,JB ij Kawaku. ^ Tani, tanigawa.
tfaj V To be dry, thirst. \4 A valley, rivulet.
94

Oboreru, ibari. a Nigoru, midaru.


To drown, sink, doat on, v To be muddy, confused.
urine.
>\ Sakan, oinaru.
Horobiru, kieru. V Boisterous, vast.
To be destroyed, extin-
guished.
* Kasu, ori.

Mizuke. Dregs, sediment.


Steam. Com. f.
tx Minagiru, omizu.
i, union, shigeru, aji-
v To overflow, a flood.
yoi.
To increase, be moist, [h Waku.
rich, dense, tasty. ;v To bubble up.

Nameraka, suberu \

v Hitasu, tsukeru.
y Slippery, smooth, to slide. ,
To soak, pickle.
s/ Atsumaru, sakan, oi.
y To assemble, flourishing, Todokoru, tomaru.
To be obstructed, stop,
many.
stay.
5/ Sosogu, kome wo togu, ibari
6 sum. Shitataru, shizuku.
To rinse, wash rice, uri- To drip, a drop.
nate.
Michiru, ogoru.
/ Union, shimeru. To be full, satisfied, com-
7 To be moist, wet. plete, proud.

t Kurai, umi. Sunadoru*


4?
1 Dark, the sea. 3 To fish.

Sakanoboru.
To ascend a stream, trace ^ Kogu, hakobu.
v To row, scull, transport.
back, retrace.
oi Noberu.
v To speak, ex-
A ditch, drain. lecture,
plain.
Nagareru, tokeru.
To flow, dissolve.
Moru.
* To leak.

The sea. Ydyaku, susumu.


At length, by degrees, to
Arau, sosogu. progress,
To wash, rir.se.
Hiroi, midari, habikoru.
Niwaka. Wide, arbitrary, with-
Sudden. out leave, to spread.
95

ft Onoko. -K0SM, 11
v A man, an ancient Chi- To filter.
nese kingdom.
Urusld.

* Hiroi. Lacquer.
* Wide, obscure.
Tadayou.
Shio-tsuchi.
To drift.

Salt-earth.
Minagiru.
To swell up, overflow.
/: Tairaka, hiroi, kurai.
* Level, wide, dark.
Isagiyoi, ktyoraka.
Pure, clean.
y Moru, nijimu.
^ To leak, spread, run, Fukai, fuchi.
soak.
Deep, an abyss, a pool.

u Sazanami. Hisomu, kuguru.


\
v Wavelets. To hide, dive. Cow. /. }

~r Kubomi.
1 A hollow. The water of the ocean,
tide.
y Susugu.
v To rinse.
Equivalent to g|
V Tadayou. s/ S//z'6w, shibui.
v To drift. ~?
The juice of unripe per
simmons, astringent.
* Mizugiwa.
The bank of a stream. .
Haneru, waku.
v To leap, bubble up.
a Mizu-waki-izuru. Hisomu, kuguru.
v The pouring out of water. ..fe

'^ To hide, dive. Coin, jfj*

Shitataru.
J
To drip. A lake, wide.
Sazanami. Sumu.
Wavelets. To be clear.

Lj Nomimono.
.
1 A beverage. Tsubureru, tsuieru, kuzu-
reru.
To break, be 'defeated,
To pour, irrigate. crumble.

JK

Jr
96

Mizugiwa, fukai, oki.


2 Uruou, tsuya. ,7

v To be moist, rich, lustre. r A beach, deep, an offing.


p

5 Tamarimizu. ^ Usui, karui.


v A
puddle. *
Thin, light.

Nagareru oto, sara-sara.


The sound of flowing v To gush forth, a shore.
water.

Tsukiru.
i
Ori, doro.
To be spent, dried up. ,
Sediment, mud.

r# Shizuku, aivai.
Namida-nagareru.
>

* The flowing of tears.


>s/
A drop, quiet, tasteless,
unaffected.

^ Usut, sosogu,
v Thin, perfidious, to pour. sosogu.
To wash, rinse.
^ Nami no oto.
* The sound of waves. I
j/ Uruou, shimcru.
\v To be moist, wet.
'

v: Ha ma, hctori, mizugiwa.


An abyss, shore. ,^ The sea- coast, a beach.
Equiv. $(

A dry beach. ^ (Vataru, sumaseru, sukuu,


sumu.
4 To cross over, settle,
A valley. save, finish.

y. Sawa, uruou, tsuya.


# A marsh, to be moist, A moat.
rich, gloss.
& Nureru, nurasu.
Koi, komayaka.
>a -
To be wet, to soak.
Thick, deep, strong,
minute. y. Arau, susugu.
* To wash, sprinkle, rinse.
V Hageshii, tsukiataru.
* To be excited, fierce, ^ Sarau, fukai.
to surge up, rash against. V To dredge, deep.
# Nigoru.
9 To be muddy. Mud.

A channel, water-way. Dark, obscure.


97

y Onami. Hiroi, haruka, minagiru.


v Great waves, billows.
Wide, far, to overflow.

5 Midari, lidbikoru. Onami, shitalaru.


^ Unlawful, wanton, to
Great waves, to drip.
overflow, spread over.
Afureru, hitasu, nagisa.
To overflow, soak, a
*
Tdki.
strand.
'9 A
waterfall.
Sosogu.
$> Sosogu, kata, haku.
To pour out, irrigate.
** To flow into, a beach, to
Sosogu.
vomit. To sprinkle, pour into,
wash.
y Kosu.
3 To filter.
Nada.
'

A sea, a normally rough


t Sosogu. part of the sea.
v To pour. Me.
A bay.
h Nigosu, kegasu.
9 To muddy, defile.
4 Stroke radical.
Hi-hen.
jKiyoi, sumu, hayai. M Rekkwa.
v Pure, clear, swift.
96 Characters.
a Tdki.
A
\

[v waterfall. Hi.
Fire.
ti Migiwa, hotori, chikai.
v The brink, shore, near.
? Ashes.

[,&. # Tomoshibi.
,* A shoal, shallows, rapids. 4 A
light.

ix Shitataru, sarau.
^ Wazawai.
4 Misfortune, calamity.
* To drip, dredge, clean
out. * Akiraka, yaku, sakan.
? Bright, to burn, cauterize,
1- Mizutamari. glorious.
a A puddle.
% Yaito, yaku.
& The moxa, to cauterize
i, hageshii.
with moxa.
Pure, violent
x Hono-o, atsui.
Hiroi. v A flame, hot, inflam-
Vasr, wide. mation (in compounds).

JEL 5?

5
Jr
98

:* Kashigu. p Yoi, utsukushii, hokoru.


* To cook rice, to cook. >U* Good, beautiful, to be
proud.
s/ Aburu, yaku.
* To broil, roast. Kagaribi, aburu.
A torch, to toast, warm.
* Sumi.
* Charcoal, carbon.
* To boil, cook.

& ^
*
Shirushi, tomosu.
A dot, point, to
light.
mark,
Com. f. &
*
*
Noroshi.
A beacon, signal-fire, a
rocket.
* TaimatsUf kagaribi.
H A
torch.
* Kagayaku, akiraka.
->. Akiraka.
1 To shine, clear.
Bright
.x Izukunzo, kore, koko ni.
v How, why, where, here.
Tsutsumiyaki, aburu.
Meat wrapped in a bam-
boo sheath and roasted, ^ Nat.
to toast. ? Not.
Akiraka, hikaru. t Hono-o.
Bright, clear.
'
A flame.

Kagayaku, akiraka. ^ Moeru, shikari.


To shine, bright.
" Toburn, be so, yes, but,
however.
Tosliin.
A wick. y Uryoru.
To be sorry.
Hageshii.
Violent, hot, ardent. 3. Terasu, kagayaku.
^ To illuminate, shine.
Karasu, kuroi.
A crow, black, an inter-
rogatory particle.
v To burn, kindle.

Kemuri.
Smoke. To toast, roast, warm.
Kogareru, kogasu.
To char, scorch, to long
To burn, make red-hot. for.

Moromoro, musu. i
*
All, to steam. To roast, parch.
99

y Niru. Atatakat, atatameru, me-


3 To boil.
Warm, to warm, bless.
x Kemuri.
^ Smoke.
Hikari, kagayaku.
t Terasu, akirdka.
'
Light, to shine.
v To shine, illuminate,
compare, clear.
To burn, boil.
y
Wazurawasu, wazurau.
To vex, trouble, be ill. 4 Kuma.
v A bear.
4 Kagayaku, hono-o, sakan.
* To shine, flames, flourish- p Uzumibi, atataka.
* Fire buried in the ashes,
ing.
warm.
.-V Aburu, torakasu. a Kagaribi.
'V To expose to heat, melt. v A torch, beacon, rocket.

i, kitaeru.
To temper, forge. " To flap, bang, fan, stir
up, incite to sedition.
g Kagayaku.
v To shine forth.
Kieru, kesu.
To die out, to extinguish.
.

jr Atataka, atatameru.
[^ Warm, to warm. 9 Fusuberu, fusuboru.
To smoke, fumigate, be
>5/

Hikari, kagayaku, yawa- smoked.


ea ragu.
>r Tomoshibi.
Light, to glitter, shine,
harmonize.
* A small light.
, tsuratsura.
Atataka. To ripen, mature, care-
Warm. fully, thoroughly.
Akirdka. Atsui.
Bright. Hot, heat, fever.

Azayaka, hikaru.
Alone, solitary. Bright, distinct, to shine.

Hinoshi, noshi.
Soot. A flat-iron, a gift-label.
Hikari, kagayaku. Iru.
Light, to shine. To roast, parch.

JR

I
100

Moeru, moyasu. :* Uchibi, noroshi.


^ To burn. # Fire produced by a flint
and steel, a beacon.
i- Tomoshibi.
A light, lamp, lantern. < Atataka, atsui.

5 Warm,
hot.

; * Moeru, hono-o.
;^ Yawaragu, niru.
y To burn, a flame. ,& To reconcile, boil.
:

-9- Kawaku, kawakasu.


To burn. v To dry.

J Terasu, tomoshibi.
Yorokobu, aburu. To
To 6 illuminate, a light,
rejoice, to toast. candle.

Kagaribi. it /ft, noroshi.


A torch. ,& Fire, a rocket.

4r Fusuberu, fusuboru.
v To smoke, be smoked.
To burn.
Equiv. H
a- Kagayaku, sdkan.
? To shine, flourishing . To shine.

% Koge-kusai, kogasu. Y& Moekuzu, moe-nokori.


Burnt-tasting, to scorch. l^ A
charred piece of wood,
J an extinguished fire-
brand.
^ Kogasu, kagaribi.
* To scorch, a torch.
y; Yaku, kawaku, sdkeru.
# To burn, be dry, explode.
Moeru, sdkan.
To burn, flourishing. ;
& Hikari,tordkasu,kagaydku.
:J Light, to melt, to shine.
',
kitsunebi.
'
Phosphorus, will-o'-the- Irori.

wisp. L A hearth, fireplace.


1 5 Tadareru, dkirdka.
I^To be inflamed,
v A swallow. bright.
clear,

A Tamuro, itonamu.
4 A camp, to make, per-
k f.

v To
Kashigu.
boil rice.
form, build, to carry on
(business), business.
4 Stroke radical.
^ Akiraka, azaydka. ^ Tsume-gashira.
y Bright, lustrous. 7 Characters.
101

iff -9- Tsume, tsume-kiru. , wakatsu.


)\\* Nails, hoofs, claws, tal- v A spear, to divide.
ons, to cut the nails. Ttf^, jwfcx, nedoko, dat.
Arasou, kisou, isameru. J A floor, bed, stand. .

To contend, compete, A'^/, kakine.


^
wrangle, dispute about, j> A wall, fence.
reprove.
Kaku, toru.
To scratch, rake up, take.
_ . 4 Stroke radical.
hr' 53? Kata-hen.
Koko
Here,
nt.
therefore,
[upon.
there-
/I pH 8 Characters.
Tame, nasu,-saseru,-rareru.
For the sake of, for, by, LI* ->. Katakata, kire.
to, to cause to do, a pas- jl v One side, a fragment.
sive ending.
,s/ta,/K</a.
Utsu, tsukamu. "A printing block, re-
To strike, seize. cords, register, aschedule.
Kurai, sakazuki. >N Fuda, tate, shirushi.
Rank, order of no-
title,
i A ticket, notice, shield,
bility, a wine-cup. medal, sign.
t Tatematsuri-bumi, kaki-

4 Stroke radical.
2 Characteis.
A respectful letter, a
writing, a sheet of paper.
^ Fuda, utsushi-bumi.
Chichi. * Atablet, record, de-
A father. spatch, a copy.
Chichi, jii, toshiyori.
^ Mado, michibiku.
A father, an old man.
A window, to lead, guide.
j
^ Mado, tori-ana.
4 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.
v A window, an opening in
a wall.
b Fuda, tegami, kakitsuke.
Majiwaru, narau. v A writing-tablet, letter,
To intermix, follow, bill.
model after.
Akiraka, sawayaka. [ful.
4 Stroke radical.
Clear, pure, fluent, cheer- Kiba-hen.

SJ>
Nanji, shikari, kaku, nomi. Mr* 2 Characters.
You, just so, thus, only.
, kamu.
4 Stroke radical. A toDth, tusk, flag, to
bite.
l-f "fcl?
Tl ttj
ttlj Hidari-kata. Sasaeru.
To
'

3 Characters. support, prop up.


102

4 Stroke radical.
fl Ushi-hen. n To oppose, differ.
Mr* 22 Characters.
Madara, karasuki, narabu.
A spot, plough, to be ar-
/, hikoboshi. ranged in order.
A cow, bull, ox, the
Karasukiytagaesu, madara-
name of a star.
A plow, to cultivate, a
T u v The female of birds and spotted cow.
animals.
Ubau, oinaru, itsukushimu.
To seize, large, to love.
H ft Hishimekii.
* To make a disturbance,
an uproar, to clamor.
;kL O, osu. [animals. ^ Madara-ushi, akiraka, su-
T!* The male of birds and * guretaru.
Ori, hitoya, katai.
A spotted cow, clear,
A barn, cage, prison, superior.
hard, strong. * Negirau.
fusagaru, shina-
v To entertain hospitably.
/fcfls* Michiru,
T7j * yaka. [pliant. h Koushi.
To be full, stopped up, * A calf.
Makiba, kau, yashinau, Ikenie.
tsukasadoru. An animal sacrifice.
A pasture, to rear, breed,
govern. Stroke radica 1
.

Mono. Kemono-hen.
A thing, matter, article. $2 Characters.
Ikenie.
An animal sacrifice.
A dog.
Fureru, au, aramashi.
To touch, meet, for the
most To offend, transgress.
part.
Katachi, sama, sugata, ka-
Koto ni, tada, hitori, o-ushi.
kitsuke.
Especially, alone, only,
a bull.
Form, appearance, cir-
cumstances, a letter.
Hiku, tsuranaru.
To pull, conduct, be re- Kuruu, kichigai.
lated to, be arranged in a
To be mad, disordered,
a lunatic.
row.
Katai.
Nareru, narau.
5 To be accustomed to, to
The rhinoceros, hard.
Akaushi.
A red cow m study.
Ebisu.
A barbarian.
103

Kitsune. if Shishi no zoku.


A fox. 4 A kind of lion.
Inu, koinu. j Monoguruoshii, kuruu.
A dog, pup. v Insane, to be crazy.

Hihi> Uruwashti, yoru.


A baboon, orang-outang. Beautiful, to^rely on.

ihi, shojo. Netamu, utagau.


4 A baboon, orang-outang. P) i To envy, doubt.

Nerau, ukagau. Niwaka, awatadashii, tsu-


To aim at, watch, spy ku.
out. Suddenly, flurried, to
push against, outwit.
it Nareru, chikazuku, ana-
v doru. Midarigamashii, midareru.
To be accustomed to, to Disorderly, confused, im-
draw near, despise. proper.

j/ Karu. Neko.
* To hunt. A cat.
it Warugashikoi,zurui,koinu. Nao, gotoshi.
* Cunning, sly, a pup. Still more, again/like.

jj Mujina. Tatematsuru, sasageru.


* A badger. To offer or present to a
superior.

Narrow, small.
The orang-outang.
5 Okami, midareru, urotaeru.
v A
wolf, disordered, flur-
ried. >+ Inoko, inoshishi.
3 A wild boar, hog.
><; Okami, midareru, urotaeru.
< A wolf, disordered, flur- ai Tenagazaru.
ried.
\* A long-armed. monkey.
Tanuki.
A badger. Harinezumt.
i
A hedgehog.
* Ki no semai koto.
^ Narrow, bigoted. /, mashira.
A monkey.
T Takei, tsuyoi, ikaru.
Fierce, strong, bold, vi- -4 Hakaru, hakarigoto.
olent, to be angry. ,v To plan, a plan, scheme.
104

Sam, mashira. Ozaru.


A monkey. A large monkey, mother-
monkey.
Hitoya, uttae.
A prison, complaint,
criminal case. 5 Stroke radical.
\$\1 3 Characters.

A lion.
Kuroi, okufukai.
9
Warugashikoi, midareru. Black, dark, profound.
y Cunning, to be disorder-
ed.
"
This, here.
* Susumeru, tasukeru, home-
* Suberu, hikiiru, kazoeru,
*

To shitagau.
urge forward, help, To control, lead, count,
sj;
praise.
follow, generally, rules,
rate.
* Kuruu, isamu.
v To be mad, intrepid.
5 Stroke radical.
Hitori. 3 Tama-hen.
Alone, single. 53 Characters.
9
Warugashikoi, midareru.
Cunning, disordered.
\
A precious stone, a gem.
9 Eru, emono, ubau. Kimi, kashira.
: ? To get, game, to seize. v A king, sovereign, mon-
arch.
Kawaoso. Tama no saikunin.
An otter.
as* A worker in jewels.
A semi-precious, black
,v Hunting, to hunt. -Uu stone.
Kemono.
A semi-precious stone.
y,
v An animal.
jfe
Moteasobu.
*
Araiinu, waruzuyoi.
To play with, a toy.
5,
A wild dog, rough. Mezurashii, tattoi, takara.
Strange, rare, curious,
y Tatematsuru, sasageru. precious, treasure.
* To offer, or present, to a
A semi-precious stone.
superior.
5f

? Kawaoso. Kohdku.
* An otter. Amber.
105

Tama no kizu.
A flaw. A musical instrument.
Mizutama.
Glass, crystal. y The Japanese harp or
(Ha-ri lyre.
Tama no oto.
The sound of a jewel. Gakki no isshu.

(Sango 3$fi$, coral).


A kind of musical instru-
ment. (Biwa
Kizu, tama no kizu, aya-
^ Tama no na.
A flaw, mistake. Amber. (Kohaku
Kingyoku no narihibiku koe. a Migaku, erabu.
The sound of a jewel. * To polish, choose.
irrb.* Ogame no isshu.
J4 V A kind of turtle, tortoise
shell. or
-x
*
Shirusht, yorokobt.
A favourable sign, happy,
(Tai-mai Jft*?f| Sj|
lucky, good, joy.

*, Tama.
* A pearl. A tortoise.
5 Kubi-kazari.
* A
necklace.
^ Tsuide, tsuranaru, kurai,
A tortoise.
6 madara. wej^tjbd*.
(Sango
In order, rank, a spot.
A precious stone.
toTWtf.
f A jewel for personal
Agate.
adornment.
7 Arawareru, utSutsu. , toga, ayamachi.
O Now, to be made known, A flaw, fault, mistake.
the reality, absence of
no tagui, komayaka,
mind.
kibishii.
jf. Tama, man. A large koto, devoted,
* A precious stone, a globe, strict.
ball.
Mezurashii, omoi.
Kime, kotowari, osdmeru.
Strange, precious, heavy.
The veins in wood, rea-
son, right, meaning, prin- Utsukushii tama.
ciple, to govern. A beautiful jewel.' 10
$ A semi-precious stone. ?, kuzu.
The sound of a jewel,
a fragment, small, tri-
(Ru-ri fling.

6 B &
* * 5
106

Migaita tama, migaku.


\ A polished jewel, to A melon.
polish.
Karasu-uri.
Akiraka, azayaka. A coarse melon.
Clear, bright.
Fukube, hisago, yugao.
Marui tama. A gourd.
A round jewel.
Hisago, fukube-hyotan.
Gohan no utsuwa. A gourd.
A utensil for eating.
Handbira, urizane.
Tama no na. Petals, a valve, seeds of
The name of a jewel. a melon.
(Me-no J|fS)
Tama. Stroke radical.
5
Glass, a precious stone. 10 Characters.
Tama, kizu.
A kind of jewel, a flaw. Kawara.
A tile.

An unpolished jewel.
Kame, bin, tsurube.
Tama. A jar, vase, bottle, a well-
A precious stone.
^

bucket.

Tamaki, iva, meguru, ma- Arawasu, akiraka ni suru.


To reveal, make clear.
A bracelet, ring, to go
round, to wrap around.
Ishidatami, shikiishi.
A stone pavement.
Shirushi, oshide.
A sign, the Imperial seal. Kame.
tawa no hikart.
A small jar.
,

A red jewel, the sparkle


Kawara, shikigawara.
of a jewel. A tile, paving-tile.
Tama no na.
A precious stone. Iraka, munegawara.
Tiles, roof-ridge tiles.
Kazari.
An ornament. Koshiki, seiro.
A vessel for steaming
food.

5 stroke radical. Kame, tsurube.


5 Characters. A jar, well-bucket.
107

# Oinaru bon, ogame.


V A large tray, a large jar.
* A field, rice-field, land.

Stroke radical.
^ ^ gotoshi, yoru, mochiiru.
5 Subject to, on account of,
4 Characters. to use, follow.

i, Kinoe, yoroi, kabuto, kara.


-14* umai. [the senses. ~? The first calendar sign,
P v Sweet, tasty, pleasing to No. I, "A," armor, a
g> Hanahada. shell, helmet.
v Very.
s> Mosu, saru, noberu.
^ To say, state, the mon-
* Atnai, umai.
* Sweet, pleasant to the key (9th zodiacal sign).
senses. Equiv. ffi * Otoko, ondko.
Nameru, katsute. * A
man, a baron.
* To lick, previously.
Com. f. H? Machi.
J
5 A street, town, ward,
a measure of length and
5 Stroke radical. surface.
4 Characters. ^ Osameru, nukinderu.
v x o govern, excel.

> i&'rw, , .

To bear, live, livelihood, TO draw, a picture.


raw, to grow.
Umu, umareru, nariwai, Wazawai.
sugiwai. [hood. Calamity.
Birth, production, liveli-
Yomigaeri.
Resurrection, return to
[life.
A border, frontier, boun-
dary.
^ A nephew.
B3 Osoreru, kashikomu.
To fear, regard with awe,
squat down
5 Stroke radical.
Characters. Mizo, une.
P|J 2
A gutter, ridge between
fields.
a Mochiiru, tsukau. hatake.
* To use, business, use.
Dry fields. Equiv. ^
Hajime, oinaru.
The beginning, large. x, ^[2^, J&MW, hotori, somuku.
V A path between fields,
Stroke radical. boundary, to oppose.
5
Ta-hen. v Tomeru, todomaru.
H \* 34 Characters. 9 To stop, to remain.

r|
ffl
108

f- Kau, yashinau, takuwaeru. ,


Kagiri, shikimi.
^ To keep, rear, store up, \ A limit, threshold, Im-
domestic animals. perial domain.
Hatake, liata.
[* Sakai, kagirt, shikiri.
A field. Equiv. Jffl LYT A
limit, boundary, parti-
& Se. [tsubo. tion.
? A measure of surface, 30 if- Une, sakai, tagui.
* Mokko, kago,fugo. -v A path, boundary, sitt.
^ A
basket for carrying
, ? Kasanaru, tatami.
earth. To
l* up, repeat, in-
pile
ti Owari, kotogotoku. crease, fold up, a mat.
y The end, all.
v
Hakarigoto, hobo, hdbuku, 5 Stroke radical.
& ubau. Sho-nyu.
A plan, for the most part, 4 Characters,
nearly, to contract, to
take by force. s/ Ashi, hiki.
.
jw
Matsuri no niwa, mokeru. a A foot, an auxiliary
'*"
A place of worship, to numeral.
gain. j/Orosoka, torn, utoi.
^ Une, aze, shikiri. 3
Negligent, to pass
:* A
ridge between fields, through, distant, cold.
a partition.
.
Tsugi, tsugai. [number. 3 to j$t
'
v Next, a pair, turn, watch, Equivalent
Utagau, osoreru, madou.
Egaku,kagiru,wakatsu,e. To doubt, suspect, fear,
\ ? To draw, limit, divide, a be bewildered.
picture.
Kotonaru, ayashii. Stroke radical.
5
To differ, strange, rare, . _ Yamai-dare.
foreign.
e.
P" 72 Characters.
r
J Egaku, kagiru, wakatsu,
\y To draw, limit, divide, a
picture.
* Yamai.
># Ataru, masa ni.
9 A disease.
v To strike against, fit ex- -fe Koshi no itami, hara no
actly, happen, just, this.
v itami.
? Pain in the loins or abdo-
;t Nawale. men.
[* A
road thru rice-fields. a Shirt no yamai.
v Disease of the lower
Ayashii, ivari-nokori no ta,
trunk.
katawa.
3. Yamai, yamashii.
Strange, an irregular re- v A disease,
mainder of a field divid- unhealthy.
ed into squares, a crip- if Hizengasa, kosegasa.
ple.
1 An itch.
ioy

it. Hayari yamai. Kayui.


* An epidemic. Itching.

i Ibo, kobu. Ato, kizuato.


* A wart, wen. Remains, a scar.

.KifeM.
A wound.
" Tsukare. ^ 7<?r, naoru.
Fatigue, exhaustion. To heal, recover.

~. Yamai, yamu. h fiosu, mogasa.


1 Disease, sickness, to be # Small-pox.
ill.

b Itamu, hanahadashii.
>N Mogasa. ^ To hurt, severe.
* Small-pox, water-blisters.
Kudariyamai.
s/ Yamai, wazurai. To purge, open the
y Disease, illnes?. bowels, diarrhea.

Hokuro, aza.
'

Kasabuta.
A mole, freckle.

y Hashika, kasa. ^ Suji ga hikiisuru.


^ Measles, 4 Cramps.
eruptions.

Kodomo no yamai. Tsukae, itamu.


jj
* Children's diseases. Pain in the stomach, to
be in pain.

i Itamu, itami. Shibireru yamai.


v To pain, pain. Palsy, to be numb.

it Kibamu yamai. ^ Yamu, tsukareru.


* Jaundice. * To be sick, tired, fatigued.

J Symptoms, nature of a v Phlegm, mucous.


disease.
Oroka.
*/ Ashii kasa. Foolish.
* A sore, cancer.
a Nagayamat.
^'s, kizutsuku. A persistent disease, a
A wound, to wound. chronic complaint.

r l
no.
Hikitsuru. yamai, kubi
*
To be cramped. no mawari no dekimono.
A hardening of the
Yoi tri naoranu yamai. sinews, a disease of the
A chronic disease. neck glands, scrofula.
Isshu no kasa, shirachi-
Naeru, shibireru. nagachi.
To weaken, be numb. Eruptions, leuchorrhea,
flow of blood.
ij Shibayubari.
v Gonorrhea. Ashii ki.
jjj

v Foul air, fire-damp.


'

'
Munasawagi. V lyasu, naosu.
Palpitation of the heart. To heal, restore.
,
wo yama.
'
A wound, female diseases. A wen, swelling.

Headache. y A cancer.
leru, naoru. 5 Itamu.
To heal, get well.
'^ To hurt, consumption.
>NHisashiku it yamai,
'Y Atamagasa, kizutsuku. * fugusha.
Sores on the head, to A
r

chronic disease, a
wound or be wounded. cripple.
*
4 Oshi. ^ Epilepsy.
*'
Dumbness, a dumb per- (Tenkan j^-^)
son.
\~ Kuse, tsukaeru.
'* A
habit, morbidity, in-
* digestion, constipation.
To be emaciated, thin.

Yaseru. To heal, get well.


To be emaciated. Ashii kasa.
A serious eruption.
,f. Kasa, kizu, dekimono.
v An eruption, wound, boil. Namazu.
A skin disease showing
spots.
s Kizu, kizuato.
'
A wound, scar. Satokarazu, oroka.
Foolish.

:? Okori. Kattat.
Leprousy.
Ill

Kerai, unta no kaioke.


* Scrofula (Ruireki v A retainer, a manger.
^* Hara no itami. ><; Katachi, sugata.
Cholera (Kwakuran * Form, appearance.
Tamusht.
v The ring-worm. ? Mato, akiraka.
3 Haretnono, ashii kasa.
* A target, like, similar to,
* A
swelling, severe erup-
clear.
tions.
Mtna, tomo ni.
Yaseru. All, together.
To be emaciated.
51 Monogurut. y Kimi, sumeragi, akiraka.
v Insanity. An emperor, sovereign,
<tT

bright, exalted, Imperial.


5/ Yamu, yaseru. Com. ^
f To be sick, emaciated.
.
^..
To return,Jrevert, end.

Afo* Tsuki no shiroi koto.


Stroke radical.
5
Hatsu-gashira.
X* Clear, bright, white.
4 Characters. ij Hikaru, shiroi, akiraka.
Bright, white, clear.
Fumi-nokeru, yuku. Hifu no shiroi koto.
-fe

off, go. * Whiteness of the skin.


Mizunoto.
The last of the ten calen-
Whiteness (of frost or
dar signs.
snow).
Noboru, susumu, minoru.
To ascend, rise, register, >>(
Shiraga, shiroi.
ripen. The whiteness of old age.
Okoru, hanatsu, hiraku.
To start, send out, rouse, ^ Akiraka, shiroi.

open, let go, discharge.


? Clear, white.

5 Stroke radical. J White, pure.


Haku-hen:
15 Characters. 5 Stroke radical.
Ke-gawa.
Shiroi, kiyoi, rnosu.
Kawa-hen.
White, pure, to state, 6 Characters.
make clear.
Momo. .

A hundred. Skin, leather, bark.


- 112

Nikibi. -fe Sakan, moru.


A pimp-e. ^
Flourishing, to fill up,
heap up, abundant.
Shiwa, hibi.
Wrinkles, chaps. Nusumu, nusubito.
* To steal, a thief.
Tsuzumi, utsu.
A drum, to beat. y Oz<, /Mto, kedashi. [for.
^ A lid, to cover, probably,
Akagire, hibi, shiwa.
Chikau, akiraka.
Cracks, chaps, wrinkles
chilblains.
To take an oath, make
clear, a compact, alli-
Kao no shiwa. ance.
Wrinkles (faceX
v Salt.

5 Stroke radical. Sakazuki.


K
Sara.
IS|
y A wine-cup, cup.
Hl*2l Characters.
v Tsukusu, kotogotoku.
^ To use up, exhaust, all.

nn ** A
JUL* jj Mint, kangamiru, shirabe-
plate, saucer, dish. V ru, suberu.
To look at, take warning,
-=5^ Hachi, wan.
JDL A bowl. examine, govern, over-
see, inspect.

*. Michiru. >A Sara, tarai, dai.


* To be v A basin, dish, stand.
full, completed.
Tarai, tearau. [the hands.
^ A tray. vA hand-basin, to wash

W
* Sdk'azulti. Abut
^ A wine-cup, glass. h Ugokasu, kakimazeru, oi-
Com. % v naru.
To move, stir up, large.

a: Masu, susumu, yutaka, oi.


* More and more, money,
5 Stroke radical.
profit, benefit, use. ^fc*
64 Characters.
ii 6u,futa, nanzo.
To cover, a lid, why.
Af^, 7/rtt.
y Hachi, sakan. The eye, to see, view,
^ A
bowl, at its best. name,
dot.
a mesh, square,

(9, //, kedashi. [for. T r*~~? Mekura, meshii.


To cover, a lid, probably, Blind, a blind person.
113

Sugu ni, tadashii, naosu, Akirdka narazu, kurai.


ataru. Indistinct, dark.
At once, direct, honest,
Chikazuku.
right, to mend ; value.
To draw near, be inti-
At, mini. mate with.
Together, mutual, to look
at, a minister, premier. niramu.
,J* Manajiri,
Kaerimiru, habuku. The corner of the eye, to
To look back, consider, glare at.
diminish, reduce, a de-
partment of the govern- Mekurumeku, madou.
ment. To be dizzy, bewildered.
Miru, nozomu. ? Nagameru, miru, nozomu.
To see, look at, look v To view, gaze at.
after.

Uramimiru. jf Me, manako.


To look with envy. * The eye, eye-ball.
Tate.
* Kaerimiru, atsuku omou,
A shield. y nengoro.
Kaerimiru. To consider, regard af-
To look back at, look fectionately, kind.
with one eye, look a-
skance. & Hitomi.
v The pupil of the eye.
Sugame, kasuka.
Squint-eyed, indistinct. Hitomi.
The pupil of the eye.
j
Mayu.
I
The
eye-brows. .;* Nemuru.
aru koto, tanoshimu.
'* To sleep, be drowsy.
v Glaring, to take pleasure
in. ^* Hikiiru,
meru.
tadasu, imashi-

/j Kurai, kasumu. To lead, command, over-


i Dark, to be hazy. see, inquire into, correct.

^ Kurai, oibore. r*s Niramu.


v Dark, dotage. "t To glare at.
5/ Makoto, kuwashii, tadashii.
v Megiwa, mdbuchi.
Real, genuine, true, cor- The edge of the eye-lids.
rect.

3 Nemuru. Hitomi.
^ To sleep, be drowsy. The pupil of the eye.
-fe Mabayui, ivazawai. Mutsumajii, shitashimu.
4 Dazzling, hazy, clouded, Friendly, amicable, to be
misfortune. intimate with, harmonize.

ML
fefc
114

'
Me wo aogu. Akirdka.
1 To lift up the eyes. Clear, distinct, plain.

3L Ukagai-miru, hiku. Mitsumeru, miharu.


* To spy, lead. To stare at, watch out.

y Niramu, nagashime ni Akirdka narazu.


4 miru. Dim, obscure.
To glare at, look a-
skance. Majirogu, matatdku.
To wink, blink.
^j Mdbuchi, matsuge.
? The edges of the eyelids, Matatdku, majirogu.
eye-lashes. To wink, twinkle, a short
time.
* Nirami-au, somuku.
4 To glare at each other, Miru, chirari to miru.
oppose. To glance at.
fr Kotogotoku, oinaru
tf !# Miru, fu shite miru, mi-
Entirely, large. ^ orosu.
.

z, dkirdka, hijiri.
To see, look down upon.
*4 Intelligent, clear, a sage.
.
p Hitomi.
v The pupil of the eye.
. & Kurai, tsutsushinde miru.
fr
Dark, to drop the eyes k r Kdkureru.
reverentially. * To be hidden, obscured.
,
me wo haru.
v To be angry, make angry jt Miru, nozomi-miru, aogi-
\* miru.
eyes. To see, look up to with
v Meshii, mekura. desire.
*'
Blind, a blind person.
>r Mabuta, mabuchi.
j Nemuru, mekurumeku, me- v Eylids, the edge of the
4 fusagu, shinu. eyelids.
To sleep, be giddy, close
the eyes, die. ^ Meshii, mekura.
Blind, a blind person.
x. Me no yamai.
-f An eye disease. Odoroki-miru, osoreru.
To look with astonish-
Damasu, me
.

dkirdka na-
><;
ment, fear.
V raw.
To deceive, dim eyes. ,
Meshii, dkirdka narazu,
kurai.
~. Miru, me no yamai. ;

v To see ; disease of the Blind, not clear, dim.


eye?. * Awale-miru, odoroku.
fe Mitsumeru, miharu. % To look at flurriedly, be
,* To stare at, be surprised. astonished.
115

Sakan, sobieru. [loft. Tomeru, tadasu, itsuwaru.


Flourishing, to tower a- To straighten, rectify,
pretend, lie.
Miru, nagameru.
To see, stare at.
5 Stroke radical.
5 Stroke radical. |<w
Ishi'hen.
HI* 62 Characters.
3 Characters.
Ishi, twa, koku.
A stone, rock, a measure
A spear. of capacity.
Awaremu, hokoru, tsutsu- Chikara wo tsukushite liata-
shimu.
raku koto.
To be proud, to pity,
reverence. Isago suna %
i

Kiri womotte ugatsu, afu~ Sand.


reru. [flow.
To drill a hole, to over- migin.
A stone pavement, time,

m
-ft
Stroke radical.
'a-hen.
9 Characters.

Ya, tsuraneru, chikau.


period, opportunity.

Arsenic.

Ishihajiki, ozulsu.
A ballista, gun, cannon.
An arrow, dart, to ar-
range in order, swear. Yaburu, hiraku, want, ko-
wasu.
To tear, break, destroy,
A particle used to con- open, split, smash.
clude a sencence.
Toishi, aoto.
Shiru, satoru, tsukasadoru.
To know, perceive, gov-
A whet-stone.
ern.

Kinti, mato.
A stockade.
A lord, target. 7* Lf- Kinuta, uchiishi.
v A block
flO^ used in fulling
Mashite, iwanya, haguki.
Much more, the gums. cloth.
Ishibari.
Aicr Nori, sashigane, magari-
Aci A stone needle.
Arule, carpenter's square. Migaku, togu, sum, kiwa-
Mijikai, ayamachi.
Short, short-comings. To polish, rob, study.

Mijikai, takehikuL Akai suna.


Short, low of stature. fill Red sand.
1J6

rf Suzuri. *x Midori.
v An ink-stone. * Green, blue.

% Ishi no oto, ehiisai. if Sakashii, kewashii.


* The sound of a stone ,
v Steep.
inferior.
* Tachiishi, takai.
? A stone tablet, lofty.
9 Stony ground.
'.i
f tashika.
~*
it Katai, kowai, tsuyoi. Hard, solid, certain, in-
V Hard, strong. deed.

fe Kusuri no na, ishi no katai Pondo.


9 A pound (sterling or
Salt-peter. avoirdupois).

Ei; >j Yu-no-hana, id.


(Mend
fi/IL * Sulphur. A yard (English), agate.
Moto,go. 5 Oku no ishi, nukinderu.
The base, Japanese check- '4 Many stones, piled up, to
ers.
excel.

$ Kudaku, warn. '>% Iwa, oinaru.


4 To break to pieces. '* A rock, great.
w Ishi no katachi. Jishaku, harisui-ishi.
* A stony appearance. A magnet, lodestone.
^ Ikari. Hikiusu.
4 An anchor. M 4 A hand mill.
Migaku.
Com. for $| To polish.
Karausu, Jumi-usu.
4 A mortar worked by the Haritsuke, saku, sarasu.
foot. A cross, to tear, expose.

Ishibumi. Kishiru.
A stone tablet, monu- To grate, creak.
ment
Migaku, togu, sum, hikiusu.
^ Oinaru. To polish, rub, sharpen,
* Great, large, eminent. a mill.

Kewashii.
Agate. Steep.
117

Uwahitsugi. fr Koishi.
A stone outer coffin. ;* A
small stone, pebble.

t Kawara. t Kusuri no na.


vA tile, brick.
*
Alum. (Myoban
a Migaku, togu, suru.
fe Kawara, sunawara. \
*P To rub, polish, whet.
* A sandy, or pebbly,
shore, a river beach. >, Michi-fusagaru, konzuru
\* katachi.
4 A stone musical instru- The appearance of being
ment. jumbled together.

Iso, kawara. Stroke radical.


5
The sea-shore. Shimesu-hen.
Mizu aru tani.
40 Characters.
jj
v A watered valley.
Shimesu.
To show, publish, inform,
* Ore of iron or copper. instruct.

i Ishidan, saka.
& A stone platform, an ac- 4 Politeness, ceremony,
clivity. thanks, acknowledge-
ment. Ab. f. il
t Kakure-twa. Yashiro, kumiai.
* A hidden, or sunken,
s/

^An altar, shrine, com-


rock.
pany, association.
Ishi no oi chi, katai chi. Matsuri, matsuru.
frQ
Stony, hard ground. /I'u A religious celebration,
festival, to worship.
Hata to.
An interjection, That's it! Sakan, oinaru.
Prosperous, great.
Ishizue.
A stone pedestal or foun- iriu/i, tsugeru.
dation. To pray, petition.

Sawaru, todomeru, fusegu,


::lr Kunitsukami, yasui.
samatageru.
/UK A god, the god-protector
To of a country, peaceful.
stop, impede, limit,
an obstruction.
Happiness.
Wazawai.
v Raw metal. * Calamity.
ix Togu, toishi, arato. Tasukeru, saiwai.
i
i To whet, a whet-stone. To help, happiness.
118

Senzo, hajime, moto. Fucht, saiwai.


An ancestor, beginning, Salary, rations, happi-
origin. ness.

Hfifei''
Chichi no tamaya. Todomeru, imashimeru.
An ancestor's shrine, a To stop, forbid, prohibit.
priest with the army.
i, sokonau, kobotsu.
Comf.m v
Misfortune, misery, to
j/ Kami, tamashii. harm, demolish.
I

* The gods, God, a spirit.


7 Saiwai, tasuke, yorokobi.
#
Happiness, blessing.
^ Kannushi, norito, iwau.
^ A
Shinto priest, prayers, T- Saiwai, tadashii, yoi.
p to congratulate,celebrate. i
Happiness, just, good.
a Saiwai. 4-Harai, misogi.
Happiness. 4 Clearing way, a rite of
j Harai. purification by use of
v Shinto prayers. water.

Tsutsushimu.
To reverence.
i" To worship.
# Fusegu, mamoru, todomeru,
Kami, tsukareru, hisoka ni, 3 kobamu.
*
kakusu.
To ward off, protect, de-
A god, to be tired, secret- fend, stop, refuse.
ly, to conceal.
Saiwai, yoi.
* Tatari, wazawai.
* A
curse, calamity.
Happiness, joy.
-b Yuzuru, shizuka.
Matsuri, hokora, tamaya. y To yield, resign, a Bud-
A religious festival, a dhist sect, calm, quiet.
shrine.
9. Matsuri no na.
Saiwai, kurai. *" A festival in commemo-
Happiness, honor, rank. ration of the dead,

* Harau, ou, chirasu. u Nori t gishiki.


a To clear away, pursue, 4 Politeness, ceremony,
scatter. thanks, acknowledg-
ment.
Yorokobi, saiwai, kizashi.
<? Chichi no tamaya.
& Happiness, an omen. 4 An ancestor's shrine, a
->
Fuda, shirushi. priest with the army.
A ticket, sign. & Inoru.
v To pray.
Matsuri, matsuru.
A religious celebration,
r

arau.
a festival, to worship. To drive away, purify.
119

Stroke radical. Shiina, kegareru.


5
3 Characters.
An imperfect ear of rice,
to be defiled.

Hisomeru, himeru, hisoka.


To conceal, private,
v Foot-prints of an animal. secret.

Noberu, mushi. ^ Magusa, magusakau.


To relate, insects. v Fodder, to feed.

* Tori,
Mitsugi.
v Birds. Tax, tribute, duty, land-
tax.
Stroke radical.
_ J Hatari.
rtli ~Nogi-hen. & A scales.
Mr* 55 Characters.
Tsuide, tsune naru.
Order, fixed, ordinary,
Ine, nae. arranged in order.
Grain, rice.
Nae.
Hiideru, shigeru, utsukushii. Shoots of young plants.
To be luxuriant, beauti- Shina no molo no na, uruou.
5/
ful, excellent. " An ancient name of

& Watakushi, yokoshima,


soka.
I, selfish,
hi-

private, secret.
China, to get wet.

Utsuru, utsusu.
To change, to remove,
Hageru, kaburo. transplant.
To be bald, a bald head.
Mare, orosoka.
Scarce, rare, few, remiss,
Straw. negligent, dilute (chem.).

Ine no taba, torn. & Mitsugi.


A
[take.
bundle of grain, to
4 A tax, tribute, duties,
tariff.

$ Shidai ni, yaya, yoyaku.


Autumn, a time, period. * Gradually, rather, at last.

Shina, toga. Hodo, shina, hakaru, mi-


A branch (of study), kind, chinori.
degree, series, a fault. Extent, kind, to calculate,
Urushine, okute. distance, limit.
Non-glutinous rice, late Momigara.
rice. Chaff.

Sukoshi, wazuka naru koto.


A little, a second of time. Straw.
- 120

' Itokenai, osanai. ^ Wakaine, osanai.


Young, childish. Growing rice, young.

f Shigeshii, sakan. 1

ix Kuroi, tnorotnoro.
9 '*
Thick, dense, crowded, Black, all.
flourishing. y
* Kokibi, awa.
y, Minoru, toshi. Millet.
> v To ripen, a year.
^ Tsumu, kasaneru, tsumoru
,*. Hie. ,* To heap up, accumulate,
< A kind of grain. load, estimate, intention.

Sutaru, otoroeru.
# A corner, majesty.
j

\< To be rejected, become


weak.
J Haydku maita ine.
? Early planted rice. Nuka.
Rice-bran.
^ Tamawaru, ukeru, niosu.
^ To receive from a supe-
y
rior, to speak to a supe-
rior. An ear of grain, point of
an awl, clever, intelligent.
,jr
Hadaka mugi.
v Wheat. d? Uyauyashii, yawaragu, tsu-
? tsushimu.
Respectful, to be harmo-
A seed, various kinds, nious, to show respect.
sorts.

^ Tonaeru, hakaru, homcru. # An ear of grain.


? To calculate, recite,
name, praise. ;^
Kariosameru.
\
y To harvest grain.
y Inc.
9 Rice in the paddy. Kegareru, kegarawashii.
To be defiled, unclean.
Kasegu, ueru.
To work, labor, plant. ^ Odayaka, yasuraka.
\
v Quiet, calm.
3 Tanatsumono, yoi.
9 Grain, cereals, good. \ Karu.
:% To reap.
ii Wara, shitagaki.
* Straw, a draft (of a let- \^. Kusagiru, kusanozoku.
ter).
v To cut, or pluck out,
grass.
Kangaeru, hakaru, kura-
4 beru. Oi, sakan, yuiaka.
To consider, study, cal- Abundant, prosperous,
culate, compare. fertile.
121

5 Stroke radical. '# Anagura.


Ana-kammuri. "9 A cave used for storing.
33 Characters.
^Tashinameru, kumshimu.
'

na.
>Sx To afflict, to be in pain
or sorrow.
.* A cave, hole.
*v Iwaya, ana.
* Kiwameru. A
* To investigate i* cave, hole.
carefully,
examine, be in great
\9 Utsuro, ana.
3
trouble.
,* A
hollow, hDle.
fr
Munashii, sora. Kubomu.
f^
g Empty, the sky.
tj
To be concave, hollowed.
> Takai, oinaru, sora.
v High, vast, the sky.
f
Ugatsu, kugurido.
[*Tci dig a hole, a small
^ Ugatsu, horu, tsuranuku. door in a gate.
y To dig, pry into, pene-
trate, wear (boots).
f Iwaya, kura.
\ A grotto, store-house.
h Tsuku, niwaka.
* To strike against, sudden. Kiwamaru, fusagaru.
To be in extremities,
t Otoshiana. poor, exhausted, depress-
1 A pit-fall. ed.

lOri. Kamado.
v A stable, pen, prison. A furnace.
* Fukai, shizuka, okufukat,
9 Yugamu, kizu.
uruwashii. To be bent, a flaw.
Deep, quiet, profound,
beautiful. Ukagau, nozoku.
, To enquire, spy out.
Semai, semaru.
-D.

* Narrow, to press upon.


o Yatsuyatsushii, yatsureru.
v Poor, wretched, ragged,
y Mado.
v A window. e.na elated.

utsuro.
^ Shizuka, fukai,
*
okufukai, g Munashii,
utsukushii. -/ Empty, a hollow.
Deep, quiet, profound,
beautiful. Sorimagaru, ozora.
5 To be warped, bent, the
+ Fusagu, tsumeru. vault of heaven.
v To stop up, obstruct.
>y Nagareru, hanatsu, kaku-
^. Mado. reru.
v A window. To run away, let go, hide.
122

Ana, munashii. 3> Tate, shimobe.


A hole, empty. * The
height, length wise,
a young servant.
Mizumichi, anagura.
An aqueduct, a grotto. t Shizuka, yasui.
1
Quiet, peaceful.
Kamado.
A furnace. y The
Itoguchi, hashi, tadashii.
origin, cause, end of
Nusumu, hisoka ni. a thing, edge, margin,
To steal, secretly, pri- just.
vately.
* Tsukiru, tsukusu.
* To end, exhaust.
5 Stroke radical.
. . Tatsu-hen.
rt To
jfc^P 15 -II'* Characters. race.
contend, compete,

Tatsu.
6 Stroke radical.
/. ,? To stand.
rtll Take-kammuri.
-If* 1*5 Characters.

? A dragon, to rise up.


^ Bamboo.
Narabu, tomo ni, narabi ni.
4 To be arranged in a row,
together with. Bamboo.
(Tenjiku ^c^, India).
+ Tadazumu.
a To stand still. Tdkezao.
A bamboo pole.
owaru, kiivameru.
\i ni, Warau, emu, yorokobu.
4 Finally, to finish, exhaust. To laugh, smile, rejoice.

shiru- Tdke-no-ko.
,^ Akiraka, ay a, nori,
v shi. Bamboo root.
Clear, an ornament, rule, Oi, hombako.
chapter, section. A box for books (carried
Warabe.
on the back).
* A child. Zaru.
A basket.
To wait.
A baton carried by nobles
Owaru, yamu, aratameru. in the presence of the
To finish, stop, to reform. emperor.
^ Tsutsushimu, osoreru. Kasa.
5 To revere, fear. A hat, head-covering.
123

y Hako.
A box, hamper. 9 A pen, brush.
Warifu, fuda, shirushi, Yahazu, hazu.
awaseru. * The notch in an arrow,
A tally, seat, sign, to ought.
unite, correspond with. r> Tagui, hitoshii, wakachi,
V ra.
^ Tsuide, yashiki.
* Order, number, degree, Quality, sort, like, sign of
the plural.
a house.
* Suji.
a Taga. VA vein, line, sinew, the
A hoop. authorities concerned.

+ HL y Kotaeru.
3 A shuttle. i To reply, answer.

u Kago, mushiro. * Hakarigoto, kakitsuke, mu-


4 A
basket, mat.
* chi.
A plan, scheme, whip.
1
* Kogai, kanzashi.
The shoots of the bamboo.
4 A hair ornament. Ab. ^
? Fue. * Tsue, take.
* A
whistle, flute. YX A cane, bamboo.
^ Fuda, muchi. Sasara.
*A ticket, whip. A brush made of split
bamboo.
* Sho-no-fue.
* A kind of wind musical ^ Yana,fusego.
instrument.
* A weir, a large bamboo
basket.

Muchi, muchiutsu. s> Take-no-ko, koshi.


A whip, to whip. ^ Bamboo sprouts, a sedan
chair.
$ Semaru, shiboru, hasamu.
* To press upon, to Tsutsu.
wring, b
to hold between. * A tube, funnel, pipe.
Sasa. * Ikada.
Bamboo grass,
* A raft.

A whistle made of a reed.


Gakki no na.
Arai. A wind- musical instru-
Rough. ment of five pipes.

.
E A
M a
e
124

^. Kazoeru, kazu. \
9 Kuda,fuye, tsukasadoru.
v To calculate, count, num- v A pipe, whistle, to have
ber, arithmetic. jurisdiction.

gr Takezutsu, yatsubo. [a Gakki no isshu, kago.


a A bamboo tube, quiver. L
w A
kind of musical instru-
ment, a basket.

A round box, a box.


* A
z, kakimono.
ticket, document,
tablet.
Bamboo.
Tsukasadoru, kuda.
^ A stringed musical in-

To govern, a pipe. strument.


j v
Mi, chiritori.
!:.
v
Mushiro.
A mat, an assemblage.
A basket for winnowing
,
rice, a dust-pan.
-<. Sudare.
-^/"Tvy Medogi, uranai. * Metal blinds made of
iW^4 Divining sticks, divina- foil,

tion.
bamboo strips.
* Yadake, take-no-ko.
Sgf + Kakehi. * Bamboo suitable for ar-
J^lL v A bamboo water-pipe. rows, bamboo sprouts.
Taga.
The reed of a loom. A hoop.
j Ebira, yanagui.
Hdko, sasara, meshibitsu. 9 A
A box, split bamboo
quiver.

brush, rice-basket. * Tsugumu, tozasu, kubigase.


* To close the month, gag,
I^-Itokuda, kago, utsubari. shut, a cangue.
;* A
spool, basket, beam. Hdko.
^ A box.
Medogi, hakarigoto, fiida.
;' Divining sticks, a plan, /, misao,toki.
ticket. i
* A joint, time, chastity, a
point, or period, of time.
An '
* Takamura, yabu, fue.
auxiliary numeral.
Com. jgj ,v A clump of bamboos, a
flute.
\yHawaku, hoki.
** To sweep, a broom. Tehon, kata, nori.
A rule, law, model.
'* Kazoeru, kazu. *x Amu, shomotsu, kakemono.
*v
To calculate, count, num- ^To compose, a book,
ber, arithmetic. section, document.
125 --

+ Kizuku, Isuku. "

9 To construct, build. I A sieve, to sift.

wo .
[ment.
y Imashime, hari, harisasu.
v Warning, a needle, to
A kind of musical instru-

prick with a needle.


i
'
A weir, a thin bladed
knife, a trowel.
* Ya.
y An arrow. \
"
Mino.

*
r A raincoat.
Ashi, yoshibue. 't Magaki, gakki no na.
; A reed, a reed-pipe. *y A
fence, musical instru-
ment.
1 Iko, koromokake, fumidai.
^ A clothes-rack, foot-rest. Nagai, hart, hitoshikarazu.
Long, a needle, of un-
* equal length.
'* Hashi, kiru, ichijirushii.
[

Chopsticks, to wear, re-


Shigeru, hazure no oto.
-v markable. To be luxuriant, the rust-
ling of leaves.

^The seal character. Toma.


A rush mat for covering.
a Yanagui, elrira.
Su, sunoko, yukaita, atsu-
A quiver. meru.
A kind of bamboo mat,
\ Hako.
flooring, to collect.
? A box.
Muragaru, atsumaru, ya-
'a Gakki no na. jiri.

^A kind of musical instru- To assemble, an arrow-


ment. head, barb.

'
Fumi, juda, erabu, tsuzu-
h Atsui. maydka.
>*
Kind, liberal, deep. A bamboo ticket, a letter,
to choose, frugal, to a-
> J/tew.
bridge.
rv To take by force, rob.
Takemushiro.
[a Kago,fusego, kagari.
A bamboo mat.
i* A
basket, bonfire, torch- Hako.
light support. A box.
Ajika,fugo, makko.
v A kind of small bamboo. A basket for carrying
earth.

^ Sumikago, hako. Fue-no-shita.


* A charcoal basket, box. The tongue of a flute.

1 # E
m & a
e
126

$/ Kanzashi, kogai. Magaki.


t

* A hair ornament. A fence.


Shinodake, fue. 6 Stroke radical.
A small bamboo, a flute. Koine-hen.
'
40 Characters.
ix Sudare, su.
!
v A blind made of strips of
bamboo. Koine, yone.

:* Chomen, fuda.
'j An account book, a reg- Momi, ntomigara.
ister.
Unhulled rice, chaff.
Kume.
x
*
Hisashi, noki. A meaningless syllable
An awning, eaves. used in names.

Hiru, aoru.
To winnow, to flap. Flour, powder.
Tsubu.
l-fe
'*
Fumi,fuda,
A book,
tsutaeru.
register, list, to
A grain of rice, a pill, an
auxiliary numeral.
transmit.

; Okii kago. Coarse, rough, large, for


1 A large basket. the most part.

[* Hdkarigoto, kazoeru.
V A scheme, plan, to count. A blasted ear of rice.

Rattan.
m Nebaru, tsuku.
To be sticky, to

Mochi, kogomemochi.
stick.

y Rice-cake, rice-cake of
!
Yiz&tt, 2flrw.
.^ A bamboo grove, a cane- broken-rice.
brake, a basket. Kasu.
Dregs.
?w Kago, komeru.
i* A
basket, cage, to put in.
Millet.
5 F, kanashii koe.
4 A flute, a sad tone. Yosoou.
;^ .Kw/Y, shirushi.
To adorn.
\* A
lot, chance, ticket.
Onibi, hotarubi.
Ignis fatuus, the light of
* A flute. the fire-fly.
127

Kibizake, mochi. ^ Hoshii, kate.


A kind of liquor brewed Sun-dried rice, rations.
from millet, rice-cake.
J-t Kogome.
yy Broken rice.
:>
Rice-gruel.
Hoshii, irigome, kate.
Sun-dried rice, parched
? Monti, kayu.
rice, food.
Chaff, rice-gruel.
_.,.., ...dareru, tsuiyasu.
Rice-gruel, to be inflam-
J Provisions, rations. ed, to spend.

ft Urushine, uruchi. i^ Nebarut majiru.


& Non-glutinous rice. r^
To be sticky, to mix.
, -j Kuso, kegasu.
Millet. **
Dung, to defile.

; $. Azayaka. Kasu, moromi.


:* Bright. Dregs, lees.

^4 Kuwashii, tadashii, yoi,


\
shirageru, tamashii. Rice-bran, flour.
Upright, sure, good, mi-
nute, to refine, the spirit.
Provisions, rations.
Yeast.
Mochigome.
\
Glutinous rice.
:* Moppara, kuwashii, tnajiri

t
^ Kaiyone.
Entirely, minute, elegant, [* Rice for buying.
pure.

y Chimaki. \? Uriyone.
* A rice-cake. [^ Rice for selling.

r 6 Stroke radical.
Paste.

Chimaki. PP 175 Characters.


A rice dumpling.
, kurau.
Thread, string.
^To mix, to eat.
Tadasu.
To enquire into, examine,
Sugar, rice-jelly. judge.

m
IPT
128

4- Chisuji, tsunagu, tsuzuku. >N Tsumugu, umu.


4 A connection, system,
v To spin (thread).
line of succession, to con-
tinue. Moto, shiroi, sunao.
Origin, white, simple, the

W %. Tadasu, nau.
* To enquire
judge, twist.
into, examine,
7
'
original thing.
Midareru, magireru.
Confused, perplexed, dis-
Shirusu, nori. orderly, ambiguous.
To write down, a history,
Nawabari, hiroi, oinaru.
chronicle, rule, law. J

t Stretching rope, wide,


y Musubu, tsuzumeru, chikau, vast.

A promise, generally, to y To weave, silk.


bind, abridge, promise.
-^ Midareru, sakan, okii.
=I Kurenai, bent. * To be in confusion, pros-
v Scarlet, rouge.
perous, many.
i, magaru, matou. yurumu.
v *
Arope,tobebent,towrap. To loose, to relax.
* Shiroginu, musubu. Ayamaru, kazaru, araginu.
J Shining garments, to tie. To make a mistake, a-
dorn, coarse cloth.
f Midareru. Nawa, sagasu, matou, sabi-
^To be disordered, con- f-
* shii.
fused, tumultuous. A to in-
rope, search,
-f Aya, moyo, kata. vestigate, wrap, lonely.
* A design, crest. *
Murasaki.
Purple.
* Ireru, osameru.
v To receive, collect, pay ,
Kasaneru, tsunagu, ivazu-
* raivasu.
in.
To pile up, repeat, tie up,
3* Himo, musubu. cause trouble.
* A card, braid, ribbon, to .
Hosoi, komaka, wazuraiva-
tie. 4 shii.

* Tstride, shina, kida. Narrow, minute, small,


? A class, order, step, troublesome.
grade, rank. $, Kazari-obi, tsukaneru.
* A large ornamental sash,
Kami.
a gentleman, to bind,
Paper.
bundle.
Yoi, majiri no nai, mop- fe Tsugu, tasukeru.
para. v To connect, continue,
Good, pure, entirely. introduce, assist.
,*Usumono.
^ Gauze, thin. silk. * Dark blue.
129

Oivaru, tsui ni, shinu, * Tamau, sonaeru, tariru.


To end, finally, to die.
7 To give (to an
inferior),
supply, to suffice.

M Kumu, kumi.
To weave, club together,
a company, league.
j.

v
Suberu, suji-michi.
To unite in one, govern,
f Fusagu, furuwata. continue, line (family).
* To close up, old cotton.
Ito.
v
> Hitoemono, hiku. Thread, string.
4 An unlined garment, to
pull. feShibaru, tsunagu, nawame.
* To bind, tie, a bond.
Nuno, tsumugi, nawa.
Linen, pongee, rope. & Hosonuno.
* Fine cloth, woolen cloth.
* Tsumugi, tsumugu.
& Pongee, to spin.
^ Cotton.
* Kubiru, matou. shizuka.
n,
* To tie, wrap. v Pure,
:
quiet.

^ Tsunagu, ywwaeru, kizuna. j, Kubiru, shiboru, shimeru.


I
* To tie, bonds, fetters. .* To bind, strangle, wring,
squeeze.
A Azamuku, utagau, matou.
To deceive, doubt, wrap. ;

3 Matagjtru, hakama.
To bestride, loose trous-
* Shirizoku, kagamu. ers.
5 To retire, bend down.
Resplendent.
String, cord, a stringed Shitone.
musical instrument. A mattress.
Hodasu, tsunagu.
y To fetter, bind, tie. Wata, midareru.
Cotton, to be disordered.
3 Ito,tsunagaru, kukuru.
* A thread, to be connect- nort, tsune, tale.
ed, to bind. To pass through, a rule,
law, usual, length wise, a
4- Musubu, VMM. parallel of longitude.
* To tie, 'bind, dress the
hair.
v Silk.
Taeru, tatsu.
* To end, fail, be extinct,
'

Komakai, kuzununo.
to cut. \

Fine, grass-cloth.

*
130

Tsurube-nawa. ar Hokorobu.
A well rope. v To rip open, to open (as
a bud).
Shima no orimono.
Striped cloth. u Some-iro, moegi.
4 The coloring, a light
JJL* >>
Arai kuzununo. green.
* Coarse grass-cloth.
4-Somukanu, musuli'.sukeru.
v Not opposed, to tie fast.
^ Kiito, ayaginu.
^ Raw silk, damask.
I* Nawa, nau,
!

Rope, to twist rope.


s, Tsumuida araito, kuzunuuo.
*
Coarse-spun thread, grass- ^ Kammuri no himo, tareru.
cloth. * The ribbons of a crown,
to hang down.
Matou, kazami.
vTo wrap around, a Wata, shimaginu.
weather vane. Cotton, striped cloth.
^ Tsumugi.
4 Pongee. + Matou, shigeshii, tsuzuku.
v To wrap around, crowd-
* Yasunzuru, ed, dense.
shirizoku, su-
> warn.
To be at ease, retire, sit. y Osa, suberu.
4 * The reed of a loom, to
suberu. control, superintend.
|# Tsuna, tsunagu,
\9 A
hawser, to tie, unite.
y Kumihimc.
'J
Midori. * A
ribbon, braid, cord.
5 Green.
*Shirushi.
Tsunagu, tsuna, tamotsu,
4 A mark, sign.
kore.
To tie, rope, keep, this. * To color.

lys i4i.
I
* A net. 6 Eginu, ayaginu.
1 Decorated silk.

Tsuzuru, tsugi-awa eru.


oJ To
:

compose, join to- Ayaginu, tsuya.


Figured cloth, lustre.
J gether, patch, spell, rags.

Wata. ^ Yutaka, yuruyaka.


Cotton. 7 Abundant, lenient.

l.
,5 Silk-damask.
* Kuroi, kuroginu.
Black, black cloth.
131

>j Tsuriito, tto, tsukasadoru. Tsumugu, atsumeru.


y A fish-line, cord, to gov- To spin, assemble, col-
ern. lect.

\jj Tojiru, karageru.


41 Kibishii, matou. v To bind together, bind.
v Strict, to wrap around.
,

itoguchi, kumihimo.
Akai, neriginu. The end of a thread,
Vermillion, red, gloss silk. plaited cord.
Nuki.
*
Itoguchi, o, tsunami. The woof, cross-threads
^The end of a thread, a or lines, parallels of lati-
a thong, lineage. tude.

^ Suji. Neru.
v A thread, line. To temper, train, drill,
practice.
=r Musubu, shimeru.
4 To tie, make tight, shut, Haruka, toi, hoso-ito.

discipline. Distant, far, fine-thread

osoi.
x Heri, fuchi, yoru, chinami. j^ Yuruyaka,
^A border, affinity, rela- \ v Loose, remiss, easy, slow.
tion, connected with.
it Neru, shiroginu, shima.
v To gloss, white cloth, a
*x Amu, kumu, tsuizuru.
v To weave, compose, to stripe.
be in order.
Shtbaru, kukuru, nawa.
Komakashii, kuwashii.
To tie, rope.
Fine, minute. ^ Agata, kakeru.
^ Wata, tsuranaru.
y A district, prefecture, to
v Cotton, to be connected. hang up.
v? Orosu, sugaru.
K Tsuri-ito, zenisashi, itamu. * To lower, lean upon.
y A fish-line, coin-string.
to pain. Meguru, tori-maku.
To wind about, surround,
^ Mutsuki.
encompass.
v A diaper.
.

* Sakan, furuwata, wataire. V A large sash, a gentle-


v Flourishing, old cotton, man.
a wadded garment.
s/ Chijintu, chijimi.
^. Kasuka, toi. '* To shrink, a kind of
* Indistinct, far. cloth.

Odoshi. >r Kinufutako.


The threads of an armor. v A kind of woven goods.

.
* E A
M si a rfi

M
B IW
132

! Koto. Shibarinaiva, shibaru.


*4 A thing. A bond, fetter, to bind.
. h Nawa, karageru, mukabaki. Muji no kinu, yuruyaka.
> Rope, to hoist, leggings. Plain cloth, lenient,
eisy.
r^ Kazaru, shigeshii.
r? To ornament, luxuriant.
Matou, ayamari.
Kubiru, kubikukuru.
To wrap around, an
To bind, tighten, strangle. error.

Itosuji, kuivashii, tsuzure.


^Nuu, A thread, clear, minute,
,v To sew. particular, rags.
1
v Chijimu. Oru.
^ To shorten, shrink. To weave.
*/

Tate, hoshiimama, yunisu. Tsukurou, osameru.


Length-wise, willful, to
To repair, regulate.
permit.
Kinugasa.
A parasol.
^* Shigeshii, shigeru.
Luxuriant, prosperous. Matou, meguru, tori-ntaku.
To wrap around, encom-
;.fe Umu, tsumugu, isaoshi. pass.
,* To spin, merit.
Kinu.
Silk.
y Suberu, subete, musubu,fusa.
v To control, govern, gene-
Himodoku, hirogeru.
rally, all, to tie, a tassel. 10 i To unfasten, untie, read,
to widen.
\, Motsureru, musuboreru.
^To be tangled, or knot- Nuimono, nuihaku.
ted. Need] ework, embroidery.
^ Maku, tsukaneru, mutsuki.
v To wind, bundle up, a Meguru, torim a ku.
To surround, encompass.
swaddling cloth.
-v Hanairo, moegi. Nawa, tadasu.
Light green.
A rope, to adjust.
Tsunagu, kutsutva. E, egaku, miu.
To tie, a bridle bit. A p'cture, to draw, em-
broider.
* Mutsuki, zenisashi.
v A diaper, a cord for Tsunagu, kakeru, kizuna.
stringing cash. To tie, hang, a bond, tie.
133

i Noberu, tazuneru. Hosoi wata, ivata-ire.


* To relate, enquire. Fine cotton, a wadded
garment.
^ Kuru.
.* To reel thread, gin cot- Matou, tsunagu, nawa.
ton.
To wrap around, tie, a
rope, hawser.
[* Tazuna. Wazuka.
f\> A rein, halter. A little.
* Kammuri no himo.
L-^ Tsunagu, meguru. Ribbons of a head-cover-
[* To tie, surround.
ing.
Hosoi, komakai, suji, shina-
# Matou, itosuj
:
. ya^a
*
To wrap Fine, slender, a thread,
around, thread.
delicate.

Tsugu, tsuzuru.
v The silk-worm cocoon. To succeed, continue.

* Ukeru, tsugu, tsunagu, 1su~


4 zuku. A banner, standard.
To received, inherit, con-
tinue. Ab. $}
Tomozuna, funazuna.
y. Atsumeru. A hawser.
v To gather, compile, sew
together. 6 Stroke radical.
+ Nengoro, nasakebukai.
^Kind, sympathetic. 15 Characters.
Matou, kumu.
To wrap around, braid a ^ Hotogi, kame.
queue. & An earthen vessel, jar.

j/ Usuginu. # Kame, motai.


^ Thin silk, fine silk.
v A jar.
"t Sakan, okii. >r Kakeru, sokonau.
v Flourishing, v To lack, to te defective,
large.
incomplete, to injure.
Tsugu, tsuzuku.
To continue. ^ Kame, motai.

J
A jar.
* Musubu, shiboru.
? To tie, wring out, dye. ^ Kakeru.
ftfi * To be nicked.
j- Matou, karameru, meguru.
v To wrap around, bind, ~. Kame, tsurube.
cling about, encompass. 4 A crock, jar, well-bucket.

M a
s* g
M
IW
134

$. Sakazuki.
v A wine-cup. JH. J A
net for catching ani-
a mals.
^ Munasliii, utsuro, kotogo <

'4 ami.
toku. Wana,
Empty, a hollow, entirely. Mtr^ A net or trap (for ani-
mals).
Sukima, ana.
A crack, hole. *JB ^ Tsumi, toga, wazaivai.
r Motai, kame.
7p4 A sin, crime, punishment,
misfortune.
'
fr A crock, jar.
J^L O/^M, todomeru.
-y Sakadaru. IM. To put, place, except, let
" v A sflfe cask. alone.

komeru.
^*^ ^t Kago,
* A jar, crock. A^ttf A basket, to put into.
Uo-ami.
1 Sakadaru.
4 A
safo? cask.
M^* A fish-net.

Goban no mori me, suji.


4 A vacant spot, a line.
^ A bottle.
i- Tsumi, tsumi suru.
Hotogi, kogame, tsurube. # Punishment, to punish.
A jar, can, bucket.
[ v Yakusho, han wo osu.

6 Stroke radical.
3 A government office, to
seal.
on fro% p*i

Ami-gashira. Nonoshiru.
"
Me-gashira. *
To abuse, revile.
24 Characters.
? Yameru, makaru.
^ To cease, retire.
* A net, snare. Kakaru, au, uryoru.
To be concerned in, meet
* Nai, ami, shiiru.
v Not, a net, to deceive. with, grieve.

* Wana, toraeru.
jjMare, ami. v A trap, to catch.
* Seldom, a net.
Ami, usuginu, tsurauaru.
fc
Ami, kasaneru. . A net, gauze, to be ar-
? A net, to pile up. ranged in a row.

*
Ami. ^ Shiboru, kosu.
A fish-net. 4 To wring ou f
, filter.
135

Shiguma. Mure, muragaru, oi.


A kind of bear. A crowd, to flock to-
gether, congregate, nu-
merous.
To cover, a covering
cloth, an algebraic ex- ^ Urayamu, amaru.
v To envy, covet, to re-
ponent.
main over.
Tabi, tabibilo, tomaru.
A journey, traveler, to
;

\
Tadashii, nori, yoshi.
Right, justice, reason,
lodge.
good, correct, proper.
Kizuna, tabit omogai. % Atsumono, suimono.
A fetter, journey, bridle. ? Soup.
f-fe Hitsuji-kusai, namagusai.
6 Stroke radical. v Smelling of
,
sheep, ill-

Hitsuji-hen. smelling,
17 Characters. Hitsuji.
a
[

} A sheep.
Hitsuji, utsukushti. a, Yowai,yaseru, tsukareru.
A sheep, beautiful. * Weak, to be emaciated,
tired.

A barbarian.
6 Stroke radical.
; Yoi, utsukushii, yomisuru. Hane-kammuri.
: Lovely, good, beautiful,
t j esteem, approve.
23 Characters.

* O-hitsuji. Hane, tsubasa.


A ram. Feathers, wings.
Me-htsuji, kuroi o-hitsuji. 9- Okina, oyaji, chichi,
A ewe, a black ram. v An old man.

y Tsubasa, tada ni.


Ko-hitsuji. Wings, not only (used
A lamb. with a negative),
a Tsugi. [row.
O-hitsuji, ko-hitsuji. 9 Next,
A ram, lamb. following, to-mor-

Susumeru, hazukashii.
s/ Narau, manabu, narawa-
? shi.
To offer, urge upon, a-
shamed. To learn, study, practice,
custom, fashion.
O-hitsujL 3 Tsutsushimu, tasukeru.
A large sheep. * To respect, assist.

(Incorrect for To fly, soar.

E
&
3f IW
=&
136

^f Aii, atsumeru. Kagayalatt hikaru.


? To meet, gather together. 14
To shine.

* Midori. 6 Stroke radical.


* Green. ^* Oi-kammuri.
r-tlJ
Jr* 7 Characters.
? Yamadori, kiji.
* A pheasant.
<, toshiyoru.
Kawasemi. To grow old, aged, vene-
A kingfisher. rable.

Kangaeru, nagaiki.
^ Kiru, tatsu. To consider, reflect, opin-
* To cut. ion, thought, long life.

M?o, wa, ^oo, hito.


<x Hirugaeru, Jiayaku tobu. a per-
^ Thing, as for, this,
To wave, change the son.
mind, fly fast.
>^ Oibore.
f Dotage.
^ Moteasobu.
*
To play with. -

(9/r, toshiyoru.
To grow old, an old per-
Hayaku tobu, kiji. son, sixty years old.
To fly fast, a pheasant. -zj O/'rw, inochi-nagai.
v To grow old, long-lived.
:fr Fumi, tobu.
O/Vw.
^ A writing, [years old.
epistle, to fly. * To grow-old, eighty

The neck of a wing. 6 Stroke radical.


3 Characters.
Kazasu, kinugasa.
To stick in the hair, a nan.
protection from the sun. Yet, still, and, you.

Hirugaeru, kaeru. Yawaraka, yowai.


To turn over, wave, to Soft,weak.
change about, translate. r r^^rw, koraeru.
To bear, endure.
Tsubasa, tasukeru.
Wings, to assist. 6 Stroke radical.
Suki-heu.
Hane, oi, ageru. tt
Hi-* 14 Characters.
The wings, many, to lift fc
up.
5 , suki-no-e.
^<, kakeru.
^ A plough, the handle of a O
To play, soar. plough.
137

Tsuchikau. ^, yar, ^t^t. [a father.


To fertilize, cultivate. An interrogative particle,
TT.I
% Tagayasu.
s> To labor. *llL Shame, disgrace.
cultivate, till,
Com. f. tyfr
* Kusagiru.
* To pull weeds. Sasayaku, miminari, tsum-

9- Magusa, tagayasu. To whisper, ringing in


Fodder, to cultivate. the ears, deafness.
^ Maguwa.
* Hikari, akiraka.
A kind of agricultural Light, clear.
tool drawn by animals.
Heru, tsukiru. Fukeru, takedakeskii.
^
I,

To decrease, become ex- To be addicted to, auda-


cious.
hausted.
Isasaka, tanoinu, negau.
* Suki no ha.
a The blade of a spade. Trifling, a little, to re-
quest.
Suki.
*
,
A spade. Kamabisushii, oroka.
Clamorous, foolish.
s/ Suki, ai-tasukeru.
3 A spade, to mutually Hijiri, monoshiri.
assist. A sage, holy, sacred, im-
perial, a learned man.
rf Narabti, tagui, tsureai.
P To be arranged in order, .
Ton, tnesu, metoru.
sort, consorts, husband
and wife.
To enquire, summon,
marry,
y. Tanemaku, ueru.
v To sow, plant out. Atsumaru.
To be assembled together.
,) Kuwa, kusagiru.
'& A mattock, to cut grass.
v To hear, news.
,f Tsuchi, suki, tane wo ou
'? utsuwa. t Muko.
A mallet, spade, imple-
4 A husband.
ment for covering seeds. u Tsuranaru, tsuzuku, awa-
v seru.
6 Stroke radical. To be arranged in a row,
Mimi-hen. to continue, to unite.
20 Characters. y Akiraka, satoi, kashikoi.
v Quick of hearing, intel-

Mimi, nomi. ligent.


9 An a homare.
ear, only, final par- ^ Koe, oto, hibiki,
ticle. i A voice, report, praise.

ffi
138

* Sobieru, tdkai. ///;V,


y To tower up, high, lofty. The elbow, arm.
y Tsutome, shigoto, tsukasa-
* doru.
/JT v The liver.
Office, duty, trade, occu-
pation, business, to gov- H_L h Hara.
ern. /JJI The abdomen.
^ Kiku,yurusu.
* To hear, listen, permit p~i* % Shiri, fukureru.
The anus, to be swollen
a Tsumbo. and
9 Deafness, deaf. large.

rttr"ftlf 6 Stroke radical.


To be fat, fertile.

.r|=L pP 5 Characters.
^ Kata, katsu.
y The shoulder, to over-
4 Fude, tsui ni. come.
* A
brush, pen, at last.

Mise, tsuranaru, hoshiima- j-a Gaenzuru, ukegau.


J ^ To consent, assent.
ma.
A shop, to be arranged in
ranks, arbitrariness, final- The lungs.
ly.
2/1
Tsutsushtmu, kibishii, uya- Sakana.
^ uyashii. Meat and vegetables
To be circumspect, se-
eaten with rice or sake.
vere, respectful.
Narau, honeoru, wakaeda.
Sodateru, yashinau, hago-
To study, labor, a young ">f
* kumu.
shoot.
To bring up, nourish,
=f Hajime, hakaru. [culate. educate.
v The beginning, to cal-
3
Momo.
6 Stroke radical. The thigh.
r-tlJ % Niku-zuki.
Hr* no Characters. The hands and feet,
limbs.
Shishi, mi.
Flesh, meat. Abura, koeru.
Fat, to be fleshy.
JjJL* The skin, naked body.
Hiji.
H4i Abarabone, wakibone. The elbow, main arm.
HJJ * The ribs.

Niru, taguu, katadoru. haremono.


Ibo, kabu,
To resemble, make like. E4v A wart, wen, swelling.
139

4
140

I* Ashi, sune.
'y A
foot, the shin,
v The kidneys.

Nukeru, manukareru. no ushiro.


* Komura, hagi
To cast off (as a skin), The calf of the leg.
escape, to leave out, can-
cel (membership.) % Kara,fushi.
* Empty, a tune.
> Hagi, sune.
4 The shin.
The loins.
* Osameru, narau.
P To regulate, study (as a The abdomen, feelings.
science).
<*
^ Kuchibiru.
f The
JH The brain, intellect.
lips.
Namaniku, namagusai.
Hojishi. Raw-meat, a fresh and
Dried meat. disagreeable smell.

Komakai, moroi, kiriniku. hare mono.


'^ Hareru,
Jfr Fine, brittle, sliced meat. L# To swell, a swelling.
Hokuro.
A mole. .f, Harawata.
r

;er
The intestines.
-

To decay, rot. F> v $/? SM/Y ;/0 nemoto.


\^ The sinews, the ends of
Harawata. sinews.
The intestines, feelings,.
*, Yaseru.
sympathies. v To be emaciated.

t/*fe, kaina.
The arm. \-)i Abura, koeru, uruosii.
v Grease, fat, ointment, to
* Fukureru, ham. grow fleshy, to enrich.

1 To swell, be inflated,
Ibaribukuro.
;><;
puffed up. * The bladder.

The spken, \ j Sebone, kinniku no chikara.


thigh. 3 The
spine, muscular
Wdki no shita, waki. force.
The arm-pit, side.
\
f
y Momo, hagi ya momo no
te Hojishi. \1 ushiro niku.
1:0

f* Dried meat. The thighs, calf or rump.


141

0/7 --
The diaphragm.
a Mune,
v The
utsu, ataru, ukeni.
breast, to strike,
receive.
Hojishi, momo no hone.
Dried meat, the thigh -fe Knsai, namdkusai.
bone. v Putrid,
ill-smelling.

'
* Namasu.
# Common for ]j|J A
kind of salad.
4
\
9 Hikagami.
I? The hollow back of the The elbow.
knee joint.
Umi.
Hadae, hada. Pus.
The skin, naked body.
Mune.
'y; Usugawa. The breast, heart, nvnd,
\
9 A membrane. ideas, feelings, timidity.

h Shiri, isarai.
;
y Hiza. '

v The buttocks.
r^ The knee, lap.
^ Shita mabuchi no heri.
\ij Nikawa, nebari-tsiiku. v The edge of the lower
r Glue, to stick fast. eye lids.

.v Kuimono wo sonaeru. -kHeso, hozo.


4 The navel.
'^To prepare eatables, a
dining table. ^ Hiji, hijibushi, kaina, tada-
^ reru, yawarakai.
akazuku.
* Aburag'ru,
To be greasy, dirty. J The elbow, elbow-joint,
^ arm, to be inflamed, soft.
Fukureru, hareru. 5 Fuyu uo matsuri, omisoka.
To swell. ? Winter, the las! day of
the year.
Himorogi.
Flesh offered in sacrifice. Nodo.
The throat.
Kimo.
The liver, g ill, affections, >j

a
Nardberu, tsuide, tsutaeru.

feelings.
To arrange in a row, in
order, to transmit
Namagusai, abura. Atsumonj.
A fresh, fleshy smell, fat.
jj
9 Soup.

Haremono, dekinwno.
A swelling, boil. ^ The viscera (Zo-fu $

E
e
sg s
a
142

19 Shishimura, kirimf. Utcna.


Flesh, sliced meat. The calyx of a flower,
a high terrace, stand.
Itaru, oyobu, atsum am.
6 Stroke radical.
To reach, attain to,
5 Characters.
gather together.

Kerai, omi. [cer, subject. 6 Stroke radcal.


A reta ner, minister, offi- 12 Characters.
pTI Yasiunu, fusu, neru.
\&\ To lie down, rest.
Yasumu,fusu, neru.
To lie down, rest.
Q A mortar.
ylwrt,otoshiana.
(Com,f. g\). A hole, pitfall.
Yoi, atsui, mainai ivo uke- Chotto no aida.
ru koto. [bribe. A short time.
Good, kind, to receive a
Kakuy ageru. [raiss up.
11 Nozomu, mini. To carry on the shoulder,
To approach, be at the Usutsuku, tsuku.
point of, behold, special. To pound in a mortar,
pound.
6 Stroke radical. Kutsu, oinaru katachi.
Shoes, a large appear-
pf JJ 3 Characters.
ance.

", Yon, mizukara, onozukara. A father-in-law, uncle.


From, one's self, of its /, kumisuru, azu-
own accord, spontane- , ataeru.
5, Kusai, kaori. [ously. And, with, to take part
^ Stinking, a bad smell, in, give, from, an inter-
* Tsugeru. [odor. rogative particle.
To tell. Okoru, okosu, sakan, omo-

6 Stroke radical.
To rise, to raise, prosper-
Character - ous, interesting.
5
Ageru, kaku, ntina.
To raise up, bear on
Itaru, klivamaru. the shoulders, promote,
To arrive, reach, very,
as to, to be carried to an
honor, all. Com. f. ^
Hisashii, furui,moto.
extreme. Formerly, ancient, old,
Ilasu, itaru, omomuki. olden times, a long time,
To do, finish, reach, pur- origin.
port. Hibi, kizu, chinuru.
Futaiabi itaru, shikiri ni. A crack, flaw, to smear
To come again, constant- with blood, a break in
ly. friendship.
143

6 Stroke radical. Moyaibune.


6 Characters. Boats lashed together.

Shita.
^ The tongue.
, y adorn, sashi-oku. >^ Obune.
* A house, to lodge, stop. v A large boat, ship.
s/
3 Noberu, omommiru, nobiru,
Fune.
3 yuruyaka.
To relate, extend, slack,
y A boat, ship.
softly.
y Funabata.
Nameru. *'
The gunwale of a boat.
TO Hck.

'

*
'

(Incorrect jor $$ ) M A large boat i

v (Common for ||) Tomo, kaji.


The stern, a rudder.

6 Stroke radical.
3 Characters. A rudder.
A4. Somuku, tagau, midareru.
!xT v To oppose, differ, be in A small boat, a boat.
confusion.

^ Mukuge. Kobune.
jx The morning-glory. A small boat.
- Mai, man.
A dance, to dance, circle Hashikebune.
around. A small boat, tender.

* fane.
6 Stroke radical. The prow, a boat.
25 Characters.

A boat, an auxiliary
* A boat. numeral for boats.

, wataru.
Funagura.
A boat, to cross over, The hold of a vessel.
navigat'on.
Utsusu, hakobu, tabi. Ikusabune.
To transport, sort, time. A man-of-war.

g -m- &
1
J
m
e im
144

Funeyosooi. 01 Tsuya, urutvashii, ateyaka. 13


The equipment of a ship. V Lustre, beautiful, lovely.

An oar, scull. 6 Stroke radical.

An oar, rudder.
if Kusa-kammuri. m
Hobashira. 244 Characters. o
A mast.
Ikusabiifie.
^ Grass.
A war-sh p. :

Ikusabune. ^ Yomogt, mogusa, kusagiru.


A war-ship. 4 The mugwort, moxa, to
cut grass.
The stern of a vessel.
/ no isshu.
HH^
.~rl A kind of rush.
6 Stroke radical.
4 Characters. Mehajiki, i.

A kind of rush.
a Ushi-tora, todomaru, kagi- Imo -

^ rw, ^ato/. The potato, tubers.


The N.E., to stop, limit,
hard.

Yin, ^a^a hisashiku. A head of grain, dark.


J Good, excellent, skillful,
Shigeru.
tolerably long.
To be luxuriant.
a Futatabi tagayasu, taga-
^ >-5M.
To plough.
The peony. (Shaku-yaku
-ft Katai, nayamu.
y Hard, to be distressed, , <.
afflicted. Grass, vigorous.

Kobashii, midareru.
6 Stroke radical. Fragrant, to be disorder-
3 Characters. ed.

Shiba.
Iro, irodoru. Turf.
Color, to paint, appear-
ance, sort, love, a lover,
lewdness. A flower.

Ikaru. /, kobashii.
To be angry. Perfume, fragrant.
145

-j Obako. Hiideru, handbusa.


9 The plantain. To excel, a flower.
H Chiisai, shigeru. Shigeru, sakan.
^ Small, to be luxuriant. To be luxuriant, dense.
to Karashi, akuta.
4 Mustard, rubbish.
A garden, pasture.
A flower. 4 Moss.
(Ba-sho S?f|, banana).
f Kusagiru, sakan, nioigusa. ., Shigeru, tsuto.
* To cut grass, luxuriant, & To be luxuriant, a pre-
fragrant grass. sent.

-pf * Seri.
v -
Toma.
J~f~ Parsley.
* Magusa, kusa wo kuu mo-
v A rush mat for protect-
ing boats from rain.
? n kusakari.
-,

Fodder, grass-eating ani- Iratsu, kibishii, togameru.


mals, a grass-cutter. To irritate, harsh, vexa-
tious, to blame.

y 3 A present, hemp.
Used only for its sound.
^ Chigaya, kaya.
, karitoru. v A reed used as thatch.
v To cut, harvest.
Nasubi.
v Migivva, chiisai. n
The egg-plant.
4 The shore, small.

^ Nae, tane, chisuji.


* 0, mao.
3 Hemp
& A young shoot, seed, a (for rope).
family line.
^. Yomogi, meguru.
a lyashikumo, karisome. 1 The mugwort, to revolve.
v If4 supposing that, tem-
pDrary, small in degree. >; Ichigo.
4 A berry.
gotoshi, moshi,
y nanji. i, Mimina, cchiru.
Young, like, if, perhaps,
4 A kind of vegetable, to
fall.
you.

a Kurushimu, nigai. . Hasu no mi, juzudama.


To suffer pain, trouble, The fruit of the lotus,
affliction, bitter, cruel. Job's tears.

Ipf
146

? Endo, takai. & Egoma, e, yawaraka, Tiima-


* Pease, high. v doru.

u Kaori, kobashii.
A kind of plant, soft, to
v Perfume, fragrance. be slow.
it Kotaeru.
7 Shigeru, sakan. ? To answer,
y To be luxuriant, dense, reply.
vigorous. ,*Ibara, tsue, muchi.
Murasakigusa. 4 A
thorny plant, a cane,
A herb giving a purple whip.
dye.
it Hanajunsai, asaza.
^ Umagoyashi. v The water-shield.
*'A kind of grass (Moku-
^ Kusa, shikiri ni.
v Grass, constantly.

Tea. '4 Shitone, shikinwno, mu-


\
v shiro.
Kusa. A mattrass, spread,
Grass.
strawmat.
* Areru, susamu. J Tsubana, megumu, karu.
To be laid waste, desert- The plume of the kaya,
v to bud, to cut.
ed, abandoned, increasing
in violence. Kusa no na.
A kind of grass.
4. Cha-no-ki, cha-no-yu.
* The tea shrub, tea (the .fe Akanegusa.
* Madder.
beverage). \

'
^ Hiroi, toi.
\ Onira.
v Wide, vast, far. The
\^ large garlic.

y
, kayafuku.
A thorny plant, a thatch- A kind of grass, fennel
ing rush, to thatch.
Koko ni, kore.
y
Here, this.
A kind of tree.
Shigeru, midareru, atsu-
H
v, maru, kinoko. *
To be luxuriant, dis- Common reed.
ordered, to assemble, the Ninau, ni, hasu.
mushroom. To carry, baggage,
s -t**g> Kurau, yawaraka. goods, cargo, the lotus.
*in To eat, soft.
Nashi, nakare, oinaru.
jx
Kusa no na. * A negative, do not, have
A kind of grass or rush. not, large.
147

Usukawa, uejini. ^ffi^* Satoru, hotokegusa.


Inner bark,
starvation.
death by ~in
^ To*
apprehend,
a kind
perceive, o
of grass.
h
x Nigana, kariru. jefe^ Hana, hanayaka.
* A bitter vegetable, to
^f ? A flower, elegant.
borrow.

j O%osoka, tsutsushimu, ina-


* Alsiimeru.
t, kaya, sakan, kazari.
To assemble, collect.
Stern, majestic, to rever-
ence, a villa, vigorous,
ornament. Used only for its sound.
(Bit-do |fi?S).
5 Tabako.
v Tobacco. Akaza, areru, kusakaru.
The goose-foot, laid
j( Hagusa, minikui. waste, to cut grass.
Weeds, ugly.
'j Ay ante.
\ Kuki, iniki. J The iris.
* A stem, stalk, trunk. I

;
'
.
Kabiira, shigeru.
/: Kiichigo, koke. 4 The turnip, to be luxuri-
\< A kind of raspberry, ant.
moss.
it kobashii.
Imushiro, i, hohoemu.
Rush matting, a kind of Thin, imperfect, fragrant.
rush, to smile.
Mamegara.
Tsubomi, shibe. Shells or stalks of peas
A bud, the stamens and or beans.
pistils of a flower.
^ Kinoko.
Saya. * Mush-rooms, germs.
A pod.
^^ Kizasu, moeru, mebae.
i tsuku, nozomu. * To sprout, a sprout.
J To ascend the throne, to
come (condescendingly).
3 Makomo.
A
kind of rush.
A kind of rush.
>t Kusa, kusamura, oinaru.
* Grass, a thicket, large.
The chrysanthemum.
Kudamono. 70, 7/an', soshiru.
Fruit.
A thorn, to revile.
'}/ Hasu, tsubomi.
^ The lotus, a bud.
Vegetables. |

A
I
im
148
'

;
* HisM. 5 Ochiru, ochibureru.
The water caltrop, the f ' To be
',v fall, omitted,
water chestnut. degenerate, a village.

;* Mame. :* Ha, fuda, jidai.

ty Beans.
\? A leaf, leaflet, period.

|* Icl.ijirushii, kiru, arawasu,


'.? Tori, on.
'* A hut, to cover. -v
^
To
tsuku.
be clear, put on, wear,
^ publish, compose, arrive.
y Daikon.
* A
kind of radish. *jj Kazura, kuzu, kuzununo.
r* A kind of vine, grass-
Horenso. cloth.
Spinach.

Sum ire. Used only for its sound.


A violef.
s/ Fuku, kasanaru.
>;rt v Tsukemono. ? To roof, thatch, to be
i(L a Greens pickled in vine- piled up.
gar.
Homuru, homuri.
^ To bury, a burial.
J Kariyasu, shirusu.
^The name of a plant, to h Kakureru, tadasu. [rect.
write down.
To be put away, to cor-
*/ Tona. Hana.
Greens.
"
A flower.

wazawai. Chisa.
* Are-ta, Lettuce.
Unbroken land, calamity.

# Hana, hanabusa, utena.


=e_

4
Shigeru, sakan.
To be luxuriant.
* A flower, the calyx.
>j Mugura, shigeru.
^ Ukigusa. v The Japanese hop, to be
1 Floating plants. luxuriant.

Shibomu, shioreru. \P Kusai yasai, karai yasai.


;

^ Malodorous, or
:
To wither, droop.
>
bitter,
vegetables.
s/ o*, yomog. Oniru, ninniku.
The lespedeza, mugwort. Garlic.

,
oi. Tsutsumu, homeru, shigeru.
Ten thousand, all, a myr- To wrap up, praise, to be
iad/ many. luxuriant
149

Ashi, amu. Komuni, kurai, oroka.


*A To
reed, to weave. receive, incur, dark,
foolish.
Ashi.
. A reed. Sakan, shigeru, kusamura.
Flourishing, dense, a
f, hitomoji, nebuka. thicket.
An onion.
Yomogi, herasu.
.
The mugwort, to lessen.
*
..

A hollyhock. .
Shigeru, sukan.
4
To be luxuriant, prosper-
ous.
J=L V The day-lily, thatching
rush. Medogikusa, medogi.
A kind of grass, divining
sticks.
To sow, plant.
,

H J, mushiro, shitone.
Gama, ayame.
'

# A rush, matting, a mat-


A bulrush, the iris. trass.

\\ Ou,futa, kasa, kedashi.


v To
'

a Musu, oi, tamigusa.


cover, a lid, covering,
To steam, to be damp probably, for.
;

& and hot, numerous, the '

5 people. Mino, ou.


. A rain-coat of straw, to
^v shigeru, awatadashii.
.-407, cover.
Green, blue, luxuriant, Kinma.
flurried. A kind of plant.
(Konnyaku
i
'
+ Takuwaeru, atsumeru, ya-
* shinau. >< Shiroyomogi.
To hoard, keep
save, '* White mugwort, bur
(domestic animals). dock. (G0fr0

Ninniku. > Himeyoshi.


Garlic. > A kind of reed.
Oinaru, mushiro. Kusa no mi.
Large, a straw mat. The fruit of plants.

, hachisu.
Tsubomi.
The lotus. A flower bud.
Yomogi, midareru.
A kind of edible root fr
Mugwort, to be in dis-
o
(Konnyaku ^jjH). order.

Atsumeru, kakusu. i, Hasu, hachisu.


To gather together, hide. * The lotus.

A
IW
150

^ Anadoru. :r Tsuta.
v To slight, despise, insult.
* The ivy.

Tsuru, habikoni, karamu. ^ Ou, kakusn.


A vine, to creep, spread
< To cover, hide.
over, wind around.
^ Shigeni, oi, ebisu.
& Mizuna, junsai. ^
To be luxuriant, numer-
t The Chinese mustard- ^ ous, a barbarian.
plant.
,c Shibe (o-shibe, me-shibe\
Tade, shigeni. < Th2 stamens (^^) and
-
The smart-weed, to be pistils
v luxuriant.
ttySMw.
^ Heta, hozo, heso. ft* Buckwheat.
1 The
calyx which remains
attached to the fruit. ^n Takigi, basho.
^v Fire-wood, Lananas (Ba-
[9- Akuta kame.
'< a turtle used in
Filth,
divination. v Takigi, kikori, shibakari.
$/
* Fire-wood, a wood-cut-
3 Sato-kibi. ter.
* Sugar-cane.
y Hiroi, torokeru, ugoku.
v
u Ibara, mame. Wide, to melt, to move.
* A thorny plant, beans.
^ Warabi.
>/ Aomono, na.
> A fern.
3
Greens, vegetables. * Kusa, zurui.
I* Shitomi, hiyoke, nazuna. 1* Grass, cunning.
>& A
sun-screen, shepherd's '

Kabura, shigeru, aretaru.


purse. A turnip, to be luxuriant,
\4 Kage, ou. laid waste.
:
v Shade, to cover.
4 Kusaikusa, nioi.
^* Shigeni, sakan, kusamura.
"
v Malodorous grass, odor.
J To be luxuriant, fiourish-
ing, a thicket. ^ Shizuka, sabishii, yomogi.
v Silent, quiet, calm, lonely,
;y Su, atsumaru.
the
\* A
nest, to assemble.
mugwort.

Ajika. ^ Mukuge, asagao.


A basket used in carry- ^ The convolvulus, morn-
ing earth. ing-glory.

Go-bai, hanareru. v- Chiisai, atsumaru.


*
Five-fold, to separate. t Small, to be assembled.
151

Kinoko. ra Hasu-no-mi. 13
A mushroom. ** Seeds of the lotus.

Nioiguza. : * Hajikami, sloga.


A fragrant plant. '^ Ginger.
(Aburana
^ Nagu, karu, Mm.
A basket for carrying i^
To mow, cut down.
earth. ,
'^r Kaoru, isao.
v To be fragrant, merit.
Yawaraka, tsugu. r

Soft, to connect.
'=, Wara.
> Straw.
'
The name of a plant.
:
5 /4.
v Indigo.
>N Usuifkarui, sudare.
9 Thin, light, a bamboo
screen. Kura, kakiisu, osameru.
A godown, storehouse, to
y Takigi. hide, store away.
'"Firewood.
Suge, aburana.
> Hotoke. A kind of rush, a kind of
> Buddha. greens.

'a Shinu, owanij oi.


To
'
a The
\v die (of persons of potato, tubers.
rank), numerous.
^ Nazuna.
"< Shepherd's purse.
'% Onira, rakkyo.
\4 Garlic. y
["X
'
Karu, shiku.
* Mizugiisa, tsumii, narau. J
To borrow, spread out.
A water plant, to pile up,
utsu-
v study. |^ Karonzuru, chiisai,
i kushii, tot.
^
5 Tsubomi. y To despise, small, beauti-
4 A
flower bud. ful, far.
'

-t: Susiunem, shtMmono. y Waza, ueru.


v To present (to a super- \4 The arts, accomplish-
ior), a spread. ments, to plant.

Zemmai. ^ h Fuji, kazura.


Osmund, a kind of fern. t? The wisteria, a vine.

4- Azami. :-V Kusuri.


1 The thistle. \* Medicine, drugs.

)& JfiL

* i
iw
152

Magaki. Koke.
An enclosure, a dai- Moss.
miate.
Hikobae, kirikabu.
Hasu, hasu-no-ne. An on-shoot, sucker, a
The lotus, lotus-root. stump.
ix Akaza.
< The goose-foot. A kind of ginger.

y Yabu. /, magaki.
* A
thicket. A fence, an enclosure.

Ycmigaeru. Tsuta, kazura.


To rise from the dead, The ivy, a vine.
the name of a plant.
Kazura.
A vine.
The stamens and pistils.

6 Stroke rad'cal.
a The potato, tubers. rtll Tcra-gashira.
H| J 10 Characters.
H Ashi, yoshi.
A rush, reed.
3
^. A/o, tfjfl. A tiger's stripes.
.
# Sea-weed, duck-weed,
embellishments. Tora.
A tiger.
Takuwaeru, tsutsumu, oi.
Shietageru.
To store up, hide, nu- ^
P To oppress, tyranize
merous.
over, treat with cruelty.
u Mizugusa.
* A floating * Tsutsushimu, tadashii.
plant. .^ To be respectful, just.

> Sakan, shigeru, yawaragu.


$> Ont, tokoro, sadameru.
^ Flourishing, to be luxuri- a
1

r To be, a place, to man-


ant, to harmonize.
age, judge.
y 7, toshingusa.
4 Munashii, sora.
v A kind of rush. ,
3 Empty, in vain, space,
sky.
; Wakai mame, mame no ha.
y Young beans, bean ij Toriko, ikedoru.
leaves.
'
3 A prisoner, to arrest.
5 Araragi,fujibakama. Omompdkaru, osore.
[

I
v Akind of plant, an . To cjnsider, be anxious
orchid. about, fear.
153

SiLebu, sJiirushi, okurina, Uwabami.


nazukeru. The anaconda.
To cry out, a sign, a post-
humous name, to name. Mukade.
A centipede.
fCakeru, sokonau.
To lack, want, miss, fail.

A kind of cricket.
6 Stroke radical.
Mll Mushi-hen.
Tombo.
Hr* 124 Characters. A dragon-fly.
*
Mushi, mamushi, doku-hebi.
An insect, reptile, poi- v A small conch-shell.
* sonous snake.

f, kuchinawa.
ifcil y Mizuchi, meguru.
yf\ * A dragon, to revolve. A snake.
Tombo, ari. Gejigeji.
A dragon-fly, an ant. A milleped.
Shirami.
A louse. Akizemi.
A kind of cicada.

v A rainbow.
Abu.
.
a A maggot.
lft4-/;
iUL* Ahorse-fly. # Tarn ago*
r

,
v An egg.
9 Mamushi, kamdlnsushii.
v A
viper, clamorous. Mimizu.
An earth-worm.'
.f- Nomi, hayai.
,* A flea, quick. Kawazu, kaeru.
A frog.
y., Hamaguri.
;
v A clam.
* A spider.
v A mosquito.
Tombo.
4
v
Mimizu. A dragon-fly.
An earth-worm.
Mizuchi.
Anadoru, oroka. ft

To despise, foolish.
* A dragon.

Jfc

s
Iffi
154

.- Gama noko, namekuji. Mukade.


y A young toad, a slug.
rf
A centipede.
Hamaguri.
A clam. A large ant.
* Inamushi, semigara.
y A locust, a cicada's shell. A kind of shell-fish.
*
Kirigirisu, korogi.
y A cricket. J
"'

Honey.

Inamushi, aburamushi.
-

A leech. A locust, the plant-louse.

A bee, wasp. *
,

A cicada.
higurashi.

> Hikigaeru.
3 A toad. //, mimizu.
To crawl, an earth-worm.
Ashitakagumo, tako.
A long-legged spid.er, an
A dragon- fly.
octopus.

Kiimozaru.
no cko, hiiru.
A silk-worm miller.
A spider-monkey.
Nagai, gejigeji. Jigabachi, kalatsuburi.
Long, a milleped. 9
A wasp, snail.

v Imomushi. J;au.
t- Kagamaru,
J A
large green caterpillar. v To crouch, crawl.

$> Ohamaguri. Kumo.


y A large clam. i
A spider.
Shijimi. Imori, tokage.
A kind of shell-fish. A kind of salamander, a
lizard.
Nukegara, monukeru.
A cast-off shell, to throw
Kumo, neji.
off its skin, surpass. A spider, rain-bow.
Sanagi. Kawahori, komori.
A pupa, chrysalis. A bat.
155

Kawahori, komori. Mugiivarazemi.


A bat. A small kind of cicada.
Ebi.
A prawn. A horse-fly.
Hill 3- Toru, tokeru, hogaraka. 10
CJ:o. v To circulate, melt, thaw,
A butterfly. to harmonize, clear.

Kaeru-no-ko, otamajakushi.
A polly-wog. A fire fly.
t? Kamakiri.
Mushibamu, kakeru.
To be defective, worm-
\9 A
mantis.

eaten.
>N Aburamusht.
Harinezumi.
'
v A plant-louse.
A hedgehog.
f, Inamushi.
Inamushi.
* A locust.
A locust. :
b Tatsu.

Mamushi.
\v A dragon.
A viper.
\ Mizuchi, amaryo.
Kocho.
\
A dragon. 11

A butterfly. Korogi, kirigirisu.


^
v A cricket.
Katatsumuri, dedemushi.
A snail. t Sasu, ikaru.
* To sting, be angry.
DedemusJti, kata'.sumuri.
A snail. Kakureru, hisomu.
To be hidden, confined,
Inago. to hide, hibernate.
An insect that infests the
rice-fields. Kant no hasami, dhama-
if
guri.
Kikui-mushi,sukumomushi. The claw of a crab, a
A wood-borer, grub. large clam.

Ugomeku. * Kamakiri.
To wriggle. v The praying mantis.

Horagai, nina.
A louse. A conch-shell.

tw
156

w Kera. Kant.
? A
mole-cricket. A crab. 13

s, In ago. Mimizu, semi.


v A kind of insect that An earth-worm, a cicada.
infests rice-fields.
Hikigaeru.
'^ Hikigaeru.
A toad.
*
&
A toad.
Imomushi.
y Kirigirisu, korogi. A large green cater-
* A cricket.
pillar.

Tombo, kemushi. Mate.


5 A dragon-fly, a caterpil- The razor-shell clam.
lar.
Hachi, sasori.
A bee, scorpion.
A cicada.
Ugomeku.
Mushi. To 14
crawl, wriggle.
Insects, worms.
Shakutorimushi.
Natsuzemi.
A kind of cicada.
The inch-worm.

><c Uivdbami, orochi. The


* A huge serpent. gecko.

-% Wadakamaru. wjj)j&
3 Mitsu no kasu.
y To be coiled up, tortu- ^3^^ Bee's wax.

ous, convoluted.
Kaki.
jh|S|ix
Shi mi. 9^ ^ An oyster.
> A moth. Katsuomushi.
jjtj^^t
Kemushi, iramushi.
ty&v A winged insect.
A caterpillar. Musasabi.
The flying squirrel.
An.
An ant. '
ix /iut wo ^flww mushi, hisago.

hai.
[1 An insect attacking trees,
Hae, a gourd.

Kamdkiri.
^ Ugoku, ugomeku, oroka.
^ To crawl, wriggle, fool-
A mantis. ish.
157

i* Kamikirimushi. Tedate, waza, michi.


^
tj A
kind of beetle. y A device, trick, rule, art.
* Hachi, hokosaki. Terau, uru.
[* Abee, the point of a To boast of, sell one's self.
spear.
* Chimata,
a Majinau, miko. odori.
[ To charm, cast a spell, a
$ A cross-roads, street,
sorceress. -j road, town.
j^- Gejigeji, isagiyoi, akiraka.
'

v A milleped, pure, clear. *"


A government office.
i-9- Kaiko.
* A silk-worm.
k Mushibamu, kikuimushi*
To strike against.

I
To be worm eaten, an Mamoru, fusegu.
insect that attacks wood To defend, protect.
and paper.
Hakaru, hakarizao, taira-
A barbarian. ka, kubiki.
To weigh, a weighing
beam, level, a yoke.
6 Stroke rad.'cal.
3 Characters. Chimata, yotsutsuji.
A street, cross-roads.

Jfo Blood. 6 Stroke radical.


Koromo-hen.
# Yaburu, hijiku, hanaji. rtl_l
* To be defeated, to crush, -*r* 91 Characters.
sprain, blood from the
nose. Koromo.
j, Oi, moromoro. Clothing.
v Many, all, the people.
,
Omote, arawasu, shirushi.
6 Stroke radical. The outside, front, to dis-
close, show, a sign.
PH II Characters.
Hitoemono, eri.
An unlined garment, a
collar.
J>lZl^ Yuku, okonau, aruku.
-I \ * To step, go, do, walk, / no nai koro-
v act, a row, column. mo.
Afureru, hirogaru, shiku. A shirt.
To over-flow, spread,
Otoroeru, yowai.
cover with.
To fait, degenerate, weak.
Tanoshimu, sadamaru, ma-
m#* To koto.
be pleased,
[truth.
The
/, makoto, magokoro.
settled, inside, truth, equity.

Jfil

IW
158

4
159

Suso, hotori, sue. Hiraku, kegoromo.


The skirts, hem, descend- To open, fur clothing.
ants.
Tobari, fusiima, tamoto.
Shibito ni okuru koronio. A curtain, bed-clothing,
Clothing presented to the sleeves.
dead.
Hadaka, hitoemono, slriro- Hadanugu.
To strip to the waist.
goromo.
Naked, an unlined gar- Tsutsumu.
ment. To wrap up.
Kawagoromo.
Leather clothing. Suso, mosuso.
The skirt of a garment.
Uchi, ura.
The inside, lining. Homeru.
Mo, mosuso, hadagi, heri. To praise.
A skirt, an undergar-
ment, a hem. Fukuro, hizakake.
Sue, suso, heri.
A bag, rug.
Descendents, the skirt of
a robe, a border. Kasaneru, awase.
To pile up, increase, re-
peat, a lined garment, a
The robe of a Buddhist sign of plurality.
priest. (Ke-sa )

Yutaka.
Kasanerut atsui.
^
* To pile up, thick.
Abundant, fertile.
*
Mo, mosuso, hakama. .
Semai, chiisai.
v The skirt of a garment,
Narrow, small.
loose trousers.

^ Tsukuru, koshiraeru, tatsu. Fundoshi, shitaobi, momo-


< To make, manufacture,
cut out (clothes). A. loin cloth, drawers,
trousers.
3 Hadaka.
5
Naked. Kegoromo, aranuno.
Fur clothing, coarse
* The arm-pit, a sleeve.
Mutsuki.
J A sleeveless outer gar-
An infant's diaper.
ment.
Yosoou, fukuro.
Oginau, tasukeru, kumisu- To adorn, a bag.
ru, chiisai.
To supplement, assist, Hitoeginu.
take part in, small. An unlined garment.
160

Orosu,irozameru,furubiru. Ucliikake.
To put down, to fade, A long ceremonial robe.
wear out.
Hitoe.
Shitone. An unlined garment.
A mattress.
Shitagi, mijikai koromo.
^ , . A shirt.
To strip off, seize.

Kakageru, chijimeru. Stockings.


* To rai -e up, hoist, shrink.
Shitagi.
A shirt.
t Shitagi, kegareru.
* Underclothing, to be de- Osou, kasaneru, tsugu.
filed. To attack, invade, pile
up, inherit.
, kasaneru.
? A lined garment, to pile Boro.
up. Rags.
>\Mutsuki, maku. Wata-ire.
* A
diaper, to wind. A wadded garment.
* Mutsuki. Tasuki.
v An infant's diaper.
A cord used for tying
back the sleeves.
=*
Noboru, nozoku.
Uivagi,Jujin no uwagi.
lv To ascend, take away. An over-garment.
Homern.
To praise. 6 Stroke radical.
t~tU Ka-kammuri.
ro, tsuzure. r ; Characters.
Rags.
- Majiru, atsumaru.
-Tr* Qu.
To mingle, gather to- lUr To cover.
gether. 7Jf^ Nishi.
Y-\ * The west.

The collar, or neck, of a Kanamc, motomeru.


garment. The rivet of a fan, essen-
tial,principle, important
Fusiima, uwagi. point, to seek for.
A sliding paper-door, an
over-garment. , fukaku shite

Kimono wo tatamu, Jiida. To pull, reach, deep and


To fold clothing, a pleat. wide.
161

\-y Ou, kutsugaesu, taosu. a Au, miru.


,
ff To cover, upset, over-
v To meet, see.
throw.
%.Mamieru, au.
' * To have an audience
Hodashi, tsunagu.
\
Fetters, to tie up. with, meet.
ft Satoru, oboeru, sameru.
[ft SMraberu, kibishii. 9 To discern, learn, awake.
* To examine, strict.
5 Mini.
* To look at, see.
7 Stroke radical.
Miru, mamieru. [with.
1
7 Characters. 1^-
* To see, have an audience
Miru, shimesu, mie.
+ Miru. v To see, inspect, show,
* To see. appearance.

Nori, tadasu, hakaru.


7 Stroke radical.
A law, rule, to correct, Tsuno-hcn.
measure, compasses. 10 Characters.
^ Motomeru.
* To seek for.
Tsuno, kado, kisou, kura-
bent.
Mini.
To see, inspect.
A horn, corner, point, to
compete, compare.
^ Ukagau. Kageru, uramu, abaku.
v To ask, question. To be deficient, resent,
Ukagau. divulge.
To call on, question,
^Sakazuki,fuda.
hear, watch, secretly. A
wine-cup, placard.
y Kannagi, miko. :* Kuchibashi.
i* A sorceress, an enchant- 4 The bill of a bird.
ress.
^ Fureru, itaru.
y Shitashimu, oya, mizukara, * To touch, reach.
v chikazuku.
i
ft Teku, yurumu, hodoku,
Friendship, affection, 4 satoru.
parents, self, to be To explain, melt, untie,
friendly. cut up, disperse, under-
Koinegau, nozomu. stand.
i^ To request, desire. g Osakazuki, tsunosakazuki,
,v oinaru.
Miru.
To look at.
A large wine-cup, drink-
see,
ing-horn, large.
Negau, nozomu. * Sakazuki.
i To desire, hope for. v A wine-cup.

*
f
1
"I
* J
*
S
162

&5Plg Pure, fureru, sawani.


163

5/i^ Hakaru, shinasadameru.


164

Itsuwaru, azamuku. Imashimeru.


To lie, deceive, intrigue, To warn, admonish, com-
deceptive. mand.
Ton, hakaru. Negotp, uwagoto.
To enquire, question, Talking in one's sleep,
consult with. delirious words.

Tawamureru, azakeru. -. Imashimeru, tsugeru.


To sport, joke, to ridi- To reprove, tell.
cule.

Shisha wo homeru kotoba.


>\ Midareru, madou, somuku.
A eulogy. 4 To be thrown into dis-
order, be bewildered, be
Shirusu. opposed to.
P>li> To write down, record.
* Taburakasu, azamuku.
Mitomeru, shitatameru. p To hoodwink, deceive.
To recognize, acknow-
ledge, write. ^ Semeru, shikaru.
* To reproach, scold.
Chikau.
To swear, promise, vow.
^ Shiyuru.
Azamuku, umareru.
To accuse wrongfully,
To deceive, to be born. slander.

Izanau, sasou.
ij Tsugeru.
* To inform.
To invite, lead, seduce, tell,

tempt. Yoroshii.
Good. Eauiv. |
Kataru, kotoba.
pp To tell, relate, language,
words. Who.

Truth, sincerely, indeed. Hakaru, wariateru.


To fix, allot, tax, a les-
son, task, bureau.
-*
To explain, preach, re-
:

4 late, doctrine, op nion.


To slander, revile.
9 O shieru, satosu.
To teach, instruct. Shiraberu, totonoeru.
4
To examine, adjust, reg-
v Yomu, tonaeru, soranzuru. ulate, a tune.
v To read, recite from
Hetsurau.
memory. To flatter.
Ayamaru.
To make a mistake, Kataru, hanasu.
commit an error. To tell, relate.
165

Kou, negau, ukeru. omou.


To ask, beg, invite, re-
SH# lu,
To say, think.
ceive.
Okurina.
arasou.
452*^ A posthumous name or
,
v To discourse, discuss, title.

dispute, argument, dis- Hetsurau.


course. To flatter.

><Shiyuru, itsuwaru. Totonou, yawaragu, kanau.


* To slander, to lie. ;fr

To be in order, in har-
mony, to suit, be fitting.
The words of a superior. Honomekasu.
T, Nonoshiru.
To hint at, allude to.
* To revile, abuse. Isameru.
'

To admonish, remon-
* Isameru, arasou. [strive. strate with.
* To remonstrate with,
Ukagau, saguru.
/ Tou, hakaru. To spy out, search.
.* To enquire, plan.
,
Hakaru, tazuneru.
To consult with, enquire.
^ Makoto, tasukeru, omoi-
v yaru. .

Kamdbisushii, itsuwaru.
Truth, to help, sympa-
thize with.
'

To be clamorous, to lie.
Itsuwaru. Oboeru, soranjiru.
To lie.
'

To learn by heart, recite


from memory.
Nengoro.
ifOp jf Habakarazu iu.
Polite, cordial, patient.
P*if * To speak without re-
serve.
Satosu, tsugeru, tatoe.
To admonish, advise, in- Akiraka, tsumdbiraka, aki-
struct, a comparison. rameru.
Clear, minute, to be re-
Is/ Moromoro, kore,.
signed.
a All, various, this.
kakusu, imina.
\rf Kotowaza.
sa* Imu,
To dislike, hide, a post-
v A proverb. humous name.
;* Ukegau, kotaeru, yurusu. Mamieru, mosu.
* To consent, agree with. To have an audience
with, state, tell.
Hakaru, hakarigoto.
To plot, plan, scheme, Soshiru, nikumu.
consult with, a plan. To slander, revile, hate.

s Iffl
166

$ Herikudaru.
v To be humble.
^v Oroka, tawagolo, oinaru.
:
Foolish, a jest, large.

a Tokiakasu, narau.
* To explain, practice, in- In Todomeru, tsutsushimu.
v To check, reverence.
vestigate, study.
'# Tsumisuru, togameru.
s/ Kotowaru, wabiru, rei wo \* To
**
condemn, blame,
noberu.
banish.
To apologize, thank.

* Utau. Utau.
9 To sing. To sing.

*
Negotp, uwagoto. Anadoru, azamuku.
v Talking in one's sleep, To despise, deceive.
delirious words.

* Tawamureru.
^ Akashi, evidence.
shirushi.
.v Proof,
J To spoit, trifle, joke.
Soshiru.
Ufa, utau. To slander.
A poem, to sing.
,

,j/ Shiru, shirusu.


fc Yttsuraka, shizuka. To know, jot down.
v Peaceful, quiet. r*

: Nazo. ;s> Soshiru, uttaeru.


A riddle. \
v To revile, accuse.
\

t
h Utsusu. Itsuwaru.
* >4-
To copy. I* To lie, deceive.
\). Domoru, iadashii kotoba.
v To stammer, just words. :
4r Kawaru, kamabisushii.
'
^ To change, clamorous.
'
_ Hakaru, Jmkarigoto.
:* To deliberate, a plan. !

# Hanashi, oinaru.
(Indian rubber, Gomu v A story, large.

Itsuwaru.
Ayamari.
\\?
To
W An error, mistake.
lie.

> Tsutsushimu. ^ Imashimeru,


'4 To
I* To be reverential, circum- warn, admonish,
instruct.
spect.

'* Shiwabuki. ;
Hakaru, arasou.
'* Clearing the throat. \ To debate, discuss.
-^ 167

Toku, wake.
To explain, translate, * An enemy, to be avenged.
meaning.
-fe Osoreru, imu.
Tatoeru, tatoe.
To fear, dislike.
To illustrate, an exam-
Sakamori, katari-au.
ple, comparison. * A feast, to talk together.

* Kamdbisushii, midareru. y Uttaeru, soshiru.


^ Clamorous, to be con- * To accuse, slander, defi-
fused. ance.

f-fe Tawagoto.
S> Yuzuru.
v Delirious, or silly, words. ? To yield.

Shirusu. 5 Soshiru, azamuku, shiyuru.


To jot down, a record, * To revile, deceive, slan-
chronicle, tune, note. der.

^ Mamoru.
rf To defend, protect. To prophesy, a prophecy.
Homare, homeru. Tawagoto.
Renown, to praise. Silly talk, delirious words.

4- Semeru, shikaru. Yorokobu, kamdbisushiL


v To reprimand, scold. To rejoice, clamorous.

Yomu. Homeru.
I*
To read. To praise.
,

>+ Homeru. Tadashii kotoba.


,y To praise. Cow./: Just words.

Sflfo' o 0/0 wo I'M.


F3 Nikumu, uramu, soshiru.
To Cow. /. ^Pj To hate, to be displeased
prophe *y.
with, to revile.

v Shallow.
I

7 Stroke radical.
Tani-hen.
tsumi.
;# Semeru, togameru, 3 Characters.
\9 To
attack, blame, sin.

[-^
Kawaru. Tanit ya.
r
* To change, a phenome- A valley.
non.
Tani.
ij/ /IJa, mukuyuru. A valley with water, a
: An enemy, to be avenged. rivulet

* M
ffi
168

Hogaraka, munashii, toru. .

Bright, empty, to com- A pig.


prehend. * Inoshislri, buta, mizuda-

7 Stroke radical. A wild boar, a pig, a


Mame-hen. puddle.
7 Characters.
g Arakajime, kanete.
Beforehand, roughly, gen-
h Mame. erally, previously.
^ A bean, pea.
* ylw/, tianzo. 7 Stroke radical.
* An introductory excla- Af/&w-*i.
mation, how ? i o Characters.
* Sasdge.
The cow-pea.
Soramame.
Broad beans.
Tatsu, wakai shimobe.
To stand, a young ser-
^
*

-
Reptiles.

A leopard.
^/ mushi.

vant.
* Yamainu, musaboru.
^ A wild dog, to covet.
* Yutaka, toyo.
Fertile, abundant. ? Ten.
x Tsuyayaka,
tf A marten, sable.
kaoyoi.
*>'
Glossy, beautiful.
A barbarian.
7 Stroke radical. * Kedamono no shurui.
Iiioko-heH. v A
kind of strong animal.
8 Characters. *
< Mujina, ebisu.
* The badger, a barbarian.
A pig, hog. >; Kdtachi, kao, arisama, ha-
v ruka.
v A pig, hog. Shape, form, appearance,
far off.
^ Katachi, katadoru, okite.
to Tanuki, uzumeru.
^ Shape,
copy,
appearance,
imitate, an ele-
A badger, to bury.
phant, a law. Kedamono no tagui.
.> Yashinau, inu to buta. A kind of strong animal.
y To nourish, a dog and
a pig.
t t -Vr* 7 Stroke radical.
3 -^5l\ Kai-hen.
ft
^
Sugureru, tsuyoi.
Excellent, powerful. ^\ MH 71 Characters.
169

X Kai. >*JSm. !
* A shell. ,
i To buy. o
? Tadas fiit.
1 Upright, chaste. ^ IVaku, yaburu.
,^
To boil, break.

Ou, somuku, makeru, yoru.


To carry on the back, a Iwau, yorokobu.
load, debt, to receive, ,
To congratulate, be glad.
disobey, lose, rely on.
^? Kaeru, akinau.
To exchange, trade.
Wealth, property.
Haru.
'a Mitsugi. To stick on, a dose of
,tf Tribute, a tax. medicine.
u Mazushii. Tsuiyasu, tsuie.
* Poor.
To spend, waste, expense.
,
y Musaboru.
f To covet, desire. To lend.
Takara.
Otosu, shirizokeru, herasti.
^ Wealth, property.
To degrade, retire, di-
minish.
^ Hisagu, uru.
." To peddle, sell. Nokosu, okuru.
To leave, present.
L* Seme, semeru, togameru.
- An ordeal,
responsibility,
Aganau, takara.
,
To redeem, wealth.
% duty, to torture, torment.
* y Tsuranuku. gn * Ataeru, okurimono.
To VVL J To give, a present.
k >. pierce through, con-
nect, pervade, an aux-
Yatou, karu.
iliary numeral. To hire, to rent, rent*
+ Takuivaeru. wages, fare.
3 To store up, lay up.
Mainai, takara.
t Morau. A bribe, wealth.
4 To receive.

Nusubito, sokonau, korosu.


Futatsu, soeru.
to add.
A robber, rebel, to in-
Two, jure, kill.

Tattoi, takai. Kau, akinau, uru, akindo.


Excellent, valuable, dear, To buy, trade, sell, a
your. merchant.

* .# * a
& e
Iffl
170

, Tasukeru, takara, moto. s/ Tamau, megumu.


To help, wealth, prop- P To confer, bestow bless-
erty, riches, capital. ings upon.
Mainai, mainau. ? Tamau, ataeru.
A present, bribe, to bribe. 4 To confer, bestow.

^ Megumu, nigiwasu. ><; Tsukunau, oginau.


N? To bestow blessings * To make
indemnify, to
cause to prosper.
up a deficiency.
$/ Nigiwau, nigiwasu. Mitsugi, shiku, kubdru.
v To be bustling, crowded, Taxes, to compose poet-
to help with alms.
ry, spread, distribute.
ti Marodo. Kakeru.
* A guest. bet, gamble.
^To
Mukuiru.
5 Yoru, tanomu.
To recompense. 4 To rely on, request.
^s/ Karu, kasu, ogoru, toi,
Okurimono, nie.
g>
\*f
To
osoi.
A present, offering.
borrow, lend, be ex-
travagant, far, slow. 6 Okuru.
v To give a present on an
Mainai.
A bribe. occasion of mourning.
= Aganau, kau.
I
Tamau. v To ransom, atone, pur-
T To give (used of a su- chase.
perior).
Kaerimode.
>& Tamau, yomisuru, tama- ^ Presenting thank-offer-
p ;#00.
,
ings at a temple.
To give to an inferior,
reward, approve, a prize. 9- Kasuka, fukaiy okufukai.
* Dim, deep, profound.
J^ lyashii.
t
y Low, mean, humble. a Soeru, okuru, masu.
9_To add to, send, increase.
;* C/rw.
,* To sell. Okuru.
To give a present on an
^v Kashikoi, sugureru. occasion of mourning.
, Clever, to excel.
Muda, kobu.
1
sunao.
Umaretsuki,^ tadasu,
s/
Superfluous, excessive,
>v Natural disposition, to a wen, knob.
enquire, a pledge, plain,
material. ,
Nie.
;$ Tasukeru, homeru. A religious offering, a
,
v To
assist, help, second, present
made when call-
praise. Com. f. ^ ing.
171

py Okuru. 7, kagayaku, akai.


;
* To send, present. To be angry, to shine,
a spark, red.
;). Tasukeru, homeru, susumu.
* To assist, help, second,
t
Aka, akai.
praise, to go forward. Red.
[ft Nise, niseru.
v f, akatsuchi.
. Counterfeit, spurious, to
counterfeit. Red, red earth.

5 Damasu, sukasu, eru.


C To deceive, hoax, get. 7_Stroke radical.
V m So-nyu.
12 Characters.
^ Tasu, sukuu, nigiwasu.
v To supplement, help, to
cause to flourish. y Hashiru.
v To run.
i Amari, katsu, makeru, mi-
4 chiru.
Tsugeru, omomuku.
A superfluity, to con- To announce, go, reach.
quer, gain, to fill up.
Tatsu, okoru, okosu.
Chikara.
To rise, to raise, origi-
Strength, to strengthen. nate.
Hanamuke, sembetsu.
A present to one depart- Takedakeshii, tsuyoi.
ing. Bold, strong.
Mainai wo okuru koto, nu- Koeru, odorikosu.
sumimono. To pa^s over, leap over,
To bribe, stolen goods. surpass.
:^ Aganau. Koeru, kosu.
9 To redeem, atone.
\
To pass over, cross over.
*)? Nise, itsuwari, niseru.
v Counter, false, to count-
.

?/ Tadazumu, yukinaydmu.
erfei f . a To stand still, be dis-
tressed to go.

7 Stroke radical. $, Hashiru, ou, koeru.


6 Characters. " To run, chase, pass over.

s/ Omomuki, omomuku, una-


^4^, akai. *
gasu.
Red.
Purport, to run, go, urge.
*
%* * To forgive, pardon. *
Tadazumu.
To stand still.
# Akaku naru, hajirau.
v To become red, feel */ Hashirut sumiyaka.
ashamed. * To run, quick.

a
1*
M
172

12 Subayashii. M Ato.
Quick-witted, fast. * A trace, clue.
7 Stroke radical. v Matagaru.
* To straddle, extend
*-! Ashi-hen.
fc
M I"* 76 Characters.
across.

AsJii, tariru, tasu. A road, path.


A foot, leg, to suffice,
make up a lack. a Kibisu.

Ashi-no-ko, agura-kaku.
> The heel.
K= The instep, to sit cross-
legged. * Hizamazuku.
To kneel.
Ashimoto, ato.
fit' The feet, remains. f, hadashi.
^ Barefooted.
Tsumadatsu, hau.
To stand on tip-toe, creep. * Ashioto.

/, hedateru. 9 The sound of steps, joyful.


B To reach, cross over, be
distant from. Odoru, tobiagaru.
* To dance, leap.
j/Atoshizaru, tadazumu.
a To
go backward, stand
still. To pass through, to dis-
* Yoromeku.
tinguish. /./. )0S
y To stagger, reel.
Hizamazuku.
? Sugiru, tsumazuku. To kneel.
* To cross over, go beyond,
stumble.
* The shin.

^ Fumu. a Odoru.
* To tread. * To leap, dance.
Ashikumu.
To cross the legs. J Sekugumaru.
y To be bent over in the
Ashi-no ko. back.
The instep.

Ashinae, bikko. 5 Odoru, yoromeku.


-^
fc A cripple, a lame person. 'P To dance, stagger, totter.

;^r
Fumu,
The sole of the foot. ? To tread on, trample on.
173

* Uzukumaru, koshikakeru. 4- Ashinae, chimba. 10


3 To
squat down, sit down. \
v A cripple, lame.

& Masaru, hitoritatsu. ;


Fumitagau, tsumazuku.
y To be superior, stand '. To misstep, stumble.
alone.
* Fumu.
Tachimotoru. v To tread, trample on.
To roam about.
<* Komichi.
Ashinae. ;4 A
path.
A lame person. .^. Ugoku, hashiru.
v To move, run.
9 Kurubushi.
y The ankle bones. it Sashiashi, nukiashi.
* Stealthy steps.
fe Fumu.
y To tread on, fulfil, as-
cend. * A foot-print, trace.
y Ashiato, ato.
Kagamu, tsumazuku.
To bend down, stumble. 5 Foot-prints, a clew.

Y Yoromeku, koeru.
k* Kagamaru. ^ To stagger, cross over.
S y To be bent over.
Chimba wo hiku, bikko wo
Taosu, taoreru.
><,

4 To push over, to fall over. hiku.


To limp.
57
Kibisu, kakato, shikiri ni. ^ Ashiura.
.5 The heel, constantly. * The sole of the foot.

Z5ri.
oc^ Hizume. ^
,,

hoof.A A sandal.
t Todomeru, sakibarai.
I
a Odoru. "9 To check passage, pay-
\v To leap, dance. ment in advance.
FMWM. ^ Chijimaru, semaru, chika-
To tread upon.
5 zuku, shikameru.
To shrink, press close,
draw near, make a wry
To cross over. face.

Fuminijiru.
6 Semaru.
To crush under foot. * To be crowded.

* a
174

f- Tamerau. I ij
Fumu, fuminijiru.
a To hesitate. P To tread, crush with the
foot.
'
Mizukaki.
[^ Yoromeku, mau.
\ Web-foot. \* To stagger, circle around.
>y Uzukumaru.
^ To squat down, crouch. > Fumu, noboru, ou.
\* To tread, ascend, cover.

\* Tsumazuku, kutsugaeru,
7 Stroke radical.
i? korosu.
rtU Mi-hen.
To stumble,
turned, roll.
be over-
M r* 9 Characters.

\* Ashi wo takaku ageru ka- s^ Mi, mizukara.


tachi.
v The body, I, myself, self.
\*
To raise the feet.
* Mi, mizukara.
5'
The body, one's self.
i
Keru,fumu.
i* To kick, tread on. ? Karada, katachi.
4 The body, person, sub-
* Tadazumu.
* stance, appearance.
To stand still. Com. f. |f
4 M*, karada.
*.+ Tamerau. v The body.
I
a To hesitate.
Hadaka.
r Naked.
Sawagu, awatadashii. Shitsuke.
To be stirred up, excited. ;

: Instruction in politeness,
culture.
r-s Ashinae.
,* A cripple. ?
Kuguse, semushi.
A hunchback.
(V Odoru, noboru. * Aft, mukuro, karada.
I* To leap, dance, ascend. The body.

y|i*. Tamerau.
^jpv To hesitate. Directly, by and by, soon,
presently, shortly.
^ Noboru.
4 To ascend.
7 Stroke radical.
Kuruma-hen.
^ Tadazumu, tachimodoru.
* To stand still, turn back. 52 Characters.

Tsumazuku. Kurutna.
To stumble. A wheel, carriage.
175

r Kishiru. oguruma.
* To grate, scrape. A basket, a large car-
riage.
^ Ikusa, moromoro.
* War, all. Tasukeru.
^
To assist, rescue.

*
A rut, track, line. * Karui,
1 Light, to
karonzuru.
make light of.

* The eaves of a house, an


^ Tayasui, sunawachi.
? Easy, that is.
anxiliary numeral.

* Yawaraka. ^ Hiku, kuruma wo hiku.


Soft, weak.
* To pull, draw a carriage.

Kuruma, narabu, noru.


A yoke. ]*

v A carriage, aux. numeral,


to be arranged, ride.
Makimono, shingi.
A stem, stick, axis, axle-
tree. Hikari, kagayaku.
Light, to shine.
Karui, karonzuru.
Light, to make light of.
.\s Teguruma.
.
v An Imperial carriage.

Fushtawase. :^ Tomogara, tagui.


Unfortunate. .4 Companions, comrades,
'
we."
Megurtit ugoku, korogu.
To revolve, move, roll. Wa, meguru.
A ring, wheel, to revolve.
4 Sugiru, tsuku, okasu.
v To pass beyond, to strike, jf Nagae no hashi.
violate. < The end of a carriage
shaft.

^ Kurdberu, yaya.
* To compare, examine, J Fumu, kishiru.
somewhat, tolerably. y To tread, grate against,
creak.
+ Noseru, toshi.
< To place on record, load, Niguruma.
year. A wagon, baggage wa-
gon.

^Low. =) Tayasui, sunawachi.


**
Mikuruma, oinaru,
~J
Easy, that is. Com. /. ^
% The Imperial carriage, =r Todomaru, yamu.
large. ? To stop, cease.

IM
176

y Yawaragu, atsumeru, osa- Midareru, musiiboreru.


^ merit. To be thrown into con-
To appease, soften, col- fusion, to be tangled.
lect, compile, edit, pay in. Fushiawase.
Unfortunate.
y Itasu, okuru, hakobu.
* To do, send, carry, trans-
port.
Todoroku.
To rumble.
4 Karui.
Light.
Kutsuwa, tazuna.
\y Kuruma no ya. A bit, rein, bridle.

\
y The spokes of a wheel,
Kishiru.
to gather together.
To grate, creak (as a
ly Atsumaru. door).
**v To assemble. Kuruma no michi.

<=i Koshiki.
A wagon rut.
^ The hub of a wheel. Kishiru.
To grate against, creak.
*it Tsukasadoru, kusabi.
'* To rule,have jurisdic-
tion over, a wedge.
7 Stroke radical.
10 Characters.
[? Kishiru, meguru.
> To grate, revolve.
/ftv/iz, <?. Karai, itamashii, kanoto.
A palanquin, to place
Pungent, bitter, painful,
the 8th calendar sign.
, cover, the public.
'

Tsumi, toga.
x Nagae. '"

A sin, fault.
\* The shaft of a carriage.
^ Sakeru, saru, mesu.
^ Utsuru, korobu, marobu, * To avoid, depart, call.
v utata.
To revolve, change, fall, 9 Karai, sugoi.
more and more. v Bitter, awful.

jw Kurumaki. Kotoba, kotowaru.


\* A pulley. (Rokuro A word, to refuse, decline,
bid farewell.
? Wadachi, ato.
* A rut. Wakatsu, wakimaeru, to-
dasu.
* JS^gw. To discriminate, discern,
A sedan chair. argue, correct.
>j Todoroku, kishiru. Tsutomeru, sonaeru.
v To rumble, grate. To labor, offer, prepare.
177

Kotoba, kotowaru. ^ Meguru.


Language, to refuse, re- v To go round, patrol,
sign, bid fare well. travel.
Kuinu, rnaton.
To braid, to twine round. g> Hayai, sumiyaka.
y Quick, fast.
Wakimaeru, arasou, ta-
* Ayumu, tadoru.
To discriminate, discern, ^To walk, grope one's
argue, correct. way.
y Mukaeru, au.
^ To go out to meet, wel-
7 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.
come, meet.
* Chikai.
toki.
v Near.
Tatsu,
The dragon, the fifth
Totemo, tote, tomo.
zodiacal sign, time.
Hazukashimeru, katajike-
By no means, although,
because.
nai, haji.
To shame, disgrace, ^ Kaeru, kaesu.
thankful, obliged, shame. v To return, to restore.
Tagayasu, tatsukurL
To cultivate, agriculture. * Meguru, mawaru.
^ To revolve, go around.
-Vr* 7 Stroke radical.
JK JL SMn-nyu.
Ml"* 107 Characters. Used only for its sound.

+ Hashiru, tatazumu. *|14 Semaru, isogu.


To press upon, urge, to
y To run, stand still. hasten.
Tsugi.
A cross-road. * Noberu, shitagau.
^ To state, relate, follow.
Komi, komu.
A crowd, to put into,
it Nogareru, nigeru.
crowd into. * To run away. Com.f. $
-s Hotori, atari. Com. /. jg
^ Side, place, region.
\ Tstiranaru, naname ni
* Utsuru. * yuku.
^ To move, remove, trans- To be connected, go ob-
fer. Com.f.& liquely.
7o/, mawaridoi.
Far, round about. ^ SusumUffumu, michi.
* To advance, tread, a road.

^i^ To, as far as, till, by, to ^ Jo/, haruka.


reach, extend to. Far, distant.

a
ffi
178

Tot, haruka, hikari. Ou, oikakeru, shitagau.


Far, light. To chase, follow, obey.

Tagai ni, kawarugawaru.


Mutually, in turn.
r
A road.
h Todomaru.
Oyobu, itaru. * To stop.
JS? To reach, extend to.
h Toru, kayou, kayoi, tori.
Mayou. V To pass through, go to
To go astray, be be- and fro, a street, pass-
wildered. book, thoroly.
On, shitagau, otte. s/ Hau, mukaeru.
To follow, pursue, sup- ^ To crawl, creep, meet.
plement, by and by.
y Sumiyaka, hayai.
Shirizoku, hiku.
* Quick, fast.
To withdraw, retire.
\s Tsuranaru, awaseru, tsure,
^ shikiri ni.
Sakarau, motoru, saka-
sama.
To be arranged in a row,
to unite, a companion,
To be contrary to, to dis-
continually.
obey, upside down.
Au, mukaeru, yuruyaka.
Nogareru, nigeru. v To meet, lenient.
To run away.
* Tsukuru, itaru.
Okuru, yaru, tsukawasu. V To make, create, build,
To send, escort. to reach.

w Meguru. -b Burabura to aruku.


JO? To go round, circulate. V To saunter, ramble, loaf.

Meguri-au, yorokobu. ^'


Nogareru, nigeru.
To meet unexpectedly, To escape, run away.
rejoice.
h Sukitoru, toru.
.
Tachimotoru. * To be transparent, to
'

To roam about. pass through.

ato. ^ Michi, tadachi ni.


?,
* Foot-prints, remains. 4 A path, straight, soon.
^ Shirizoku, shizaru, ato-
* Hodobashiru, shirizokeru. v shizari-suru.
scatter, to To withdraw, go back-
^To
*
splash,
wards.
repel.

nanji. -k Shinu, yuku, saru.


That is to say, you. -f To die, go, depart.
179

? Takumashii. Motoru, tagau.


^ Powerful. *
To
r oppose, differ.
s/ Meguru, mawari, amaneku.
* To go round, all, every- -fe Sumiyaka, skibashiba.
v Quickly, often.
where, circumference.
s/ Susumu, noboru, tsutomeru. fc
* To advance, be promo- Semaru.
y To press, urge.
ted, to give, serve.
j( Ushiuau, hayaru, aya-
v Koeru, tot.
matsu, nogareru. To cross over, far.
To lose, be impetuous,
make a mistake, escape.
^ Ukagau, saguru, sasuga.
\ Oyobu, ou.
4 To question, seek, as one
* To reach, to chase. might have expected,
even such, nevertheless.
Nogareru, ntgeru, tagai ni.
1g
v To escape, flee, together. X Amaneku, meguru.
Naname ni yuku. ,^ The whole, everywhere.
To go diagonally. '

h Ntgeru, nogareru.
r Yamu, todomaru, taeru.
* To run away, f
v To stop, cease.
escape.

;* Togeru, tsuini, owaru. Haruka, tot.


* To accomplish, finally, , Far, distant.
to finish.
motenasu.
y Au, tamatama, J /towfl.
To meet, meet unex- i? Leisure.
pectedly, occasionally, to
entertain. ^ Semaru, tachimachi, katai.
4 Asobu, tanoshimu. * To press, quickly, hard.
v To play, amuse one's
self, travel for pleasure. .<4/>/w.
* Hakobu, meguru. Splendid, admirable.
v To transport, revolve,
fortune, chance. X. Haruka, tot.

* Sugiru, yogiru, ayamachi. & Far off, distant, indis-


? To exceed, pass by, a tinct.
fault, mistake, a strong
degree (chem.).
x Toi, amaneku.
* Far, everywhere.
Michi. [ciple.
A road, doctrine, prin-
, tsukaivasu.
Itaru, toru, todokeru, ara- To give, send, transmit
ivareru, togeru.
To reach, pass through, Herikudaru, shitagau.
to forward, to excel, ap- To humble one's self,
pear, to complete. follow.

,1
M
180

Tsugiba, kawaru, tagai ni. Meguri-au, yorokdbu.


A post-town, to change, To meet unexpectedly,
together, by turns. rejoice.
Sakanoboru. Yuku, sugureru, dim.
To go against, trace up To go, excel, grow old.
to its source.
Haruka, tot.
Yuku, itaru, tamatama,
Far, distant.
kanau.
To go, reach, occasional- osc-
to suit.
Niwaka, awatadashii,
ly, reru.
-
Au. Quick, flurried, to fear.
To meet.
Mukaeru, maneku.
/
Saegiru, todomeru. To go to meet, welcome,
To intercept, put a stop invite.
to.

Osoi, okureru. Okufukai.


V Late, slow, to be late. Profound, deep.

^ Asobu. Chikai, chikazuku.


v To play, amuse oneself. Near, to draw near.

.
Nogareru, nigeru. Hotori, atari.
* To escape, abscond. Side, place, region.

Shitagau, narau.
r

^
; v To follow, obey, to learn. I* Haruka, toi, anadoru.
\* Distant, far, to contemn.
;* Utsuru.
"
r
^ To move, remove, trans- Meguru, shinobu.
fer. To go around, conceal,
Nokosu, tishinaUfWasureru, keep secret.
v okuru.
To leave behind, lose,
7 Stroke radical.
forget, send, bequeath. Ozato-hen
r-tU ^
t Erabu, eru. Mr* 22 Characters.
* To choose, select.

Megiiru, megurasu, kako- 4 Mura,ozato


v mu. ~* A village, city, capital.
To revolve, to surround.
y; Hakaba.
Sakeru. v A
cemetary (figurative).
To escape from, avoid.
* Nanzo, nani, ano.
f Kaeru, kaesu, mcguru, tsu- How, why, that.
v knnau.
To return, go round,
indemnify.
* A country, nation.
181

Yokoshima, ka, ya. lyashii, hina, indka.


Wicked, evil, wrong, an Mean, low, humble, rus-
interrogative particle. tic, the country.

y Mura. ^ Nengoro.
* A village. 4 Kindly, polite.

? Yashiki. >j Tonari, tonaru.


4 A mansion, residence. v A neighbor, neighboring,
to adjoin.

-fftfft Mizu no na, yama no na.


Pt> 5' The name of a river, a 7 Stroke radical.
country. Hiyr. m i- 11 o-tori.

Koyom i-no-tori.
% No, indka.
v The country, suburbs. 48 Characters.

4 Kobashii, sakan.
* v The bird, the tenth zodi-
Fragrant, flourishing.
acal sign.
5 Otoko.
'* A man, a complimentary 4 To be drunk.
term for males.
s/ Tsukasa, osa.
y A district, country. * A chief, leader.

1^ Kumu, hakaru.
x Sekku no na. IJ To dip out, or ladle,
4 The name of a season.
weigh, consider.
Kubaru.
Aogu, hitna, sukima. To distribute, marry.
To look up, leisure, a
crevice.

Japanese beer, liquor.


Wakatsu, kumi.
To divide, a section,
bureau, copy of a book. Strong liquor, alcohol.
* Kuruwa. Sumizake.
? An enclosure, a fortifi- Clear sake.
cation.
>* Tashinamu, tanoshimu, fu~
4 Tsugtba, eki. keru.
t^
tf A post-station, mail. v To be fond of, addicted
to.
Miyako, subete.
^ 5, wukuiru.
A capital, all. * Vinegar, to reciprocate.

a
5 A village, previously. t To sell, buy.

a
s
I*
ffl
182

1, Takcnawa. Sameru.
v At the height, the acme. To awake, become sober,
fade.
Chichizake.
y
The skin formed on milk,
cream. *1 Clear 5rt^, a thick, rich,
cream-like liquor.
You.
1 To be drunk.
1>
\y. Shishibishio, shiokarai.
L* Salted meat, salty.
'
5 Chichishiru.
y Cream, cheese, the syrup
of boiled fruits. j^ Minikui, ashii, nikumu.
)y Ugly, bad, to hate.

y Mukuiru. [# Kamosu.
6 To repay, give back. L*' To cause to ferment.

Mugoi, hanahadashii. ft Shtokara, hishio.

FI * Cruel, very, painful, la- 4 Salted fish, pickles.


mentable.
'
Yamai wo iyasu koto ivo
: . Sake wo nonde tanoslrimu ivaza to suru mono.
I* koto. A doctor.
Pleasure from drinking.
,
Usui sake, shiru.
'

Sake, sake no moto.


I Weak sake, soup.
Liquor, yeast.

Sake no moto, sakekasu. Pickles.


to
* The materials of sake,
dregs of sake. f 5 Nigorizake
r# Unrefined
Su, sui.
* Vinegar, sour. wo futatdbi kamosu
:* ^to.
;* YOU. To brew a second time.
* To be drunk.
r.v SM, 5/.
ai Shiozuke, tsukemono. u^f Vinegar, sour.
^ Salted, pickles.
jit Nigai.
><; Moromizake. I* Bitter.
4 Unstrained
Matsuri no na, tsukusu.
Kokizake, moppara. A kind of religious festi-
Strong sake, completely. val, to do thoroly.

Mukuiru, su. Amazake, hitoyazake.


To recompense, vinegar. Sweet sake.
183

% Sakekau. Rin.
3 To buy sake, contribute. A copper coin, ^ of a
& You, tanoshimu. [ed.
v To be intoxicated, pleas- No, iyashii.

& Mukuiru, susumeru.


A moor, wild, rustic, low,
? To requite, the country.
urge.
5 Ukabu. Hakaru, masume, kasa.
* To float.
,

>
To weigh, estimate, mea-
* Nomitsukusu. suring, bulk, quantity.
To drink up.
Osameru, tamau, sujtmichi,
31 Chinuru, chimatsuri, suki- chiisai.
f ma, kizu. To regulate, give, right,
To smear with blood, a
justice, small.
blood offering, a crevice,
wound.
6 Kamosu. 8 Stroke radical.
J To brew. Kane-hen.
129 Characters.
7 Stroke radical.
r-i i Nogome-hen. Kane, kogane.
Rr* 4 Characters. Gold, metal, money.
it kugiutsu.
^ Wakatsu.
y To divide, distinguish. A nail, to nail.
* Toru, erabu, irodoru. Kama.
< To take, choose, color, A boiler, cauldron.
paint.
1 Tsuya, hikari.
Han.
v Gloss, lustre. A needle.
Toku, hanatsu, satoru. Botan.
To unfasten, set free, A button, stud.
understand. (Shaka

7 Stroke radical.
To fish.

1 1 Sato-hen. Udewa.
Mr1 6 Characters. A bracelet.

. Kanzashi.
A Japanese mile, 2\ miles A hair ornament.
(English), a village.
* Omoi, kasanaru, tatlobu. Nibui, oroka.
Dull, blunt, foolish.
? Heavy, important, to be
piled up, repeatedly, Kiru, kezuru, chona.
double, to honor. To cut, scrape, an adze.

* *
184 ~
:
-K"47, magaru.
An axe.
'

A hook, to be bent.
Utsusu, kasumeru, torn. Kane.
To copy, seize, take. A kind of gong.

Hitoshii. ;
ouzu no shurui.
Equal.
1

A kind of bell.
Shirogane.
'

Silver.
* A handle, knob, button.

ix Suzu. A musket, rifle, gun.


1 A bell.
[
i Akagane.
^ Kurogane. \9 Copper.

Kurogane.
Namari. Iron.
Lead.
j> Shirusht, shirusu.
Haclii. < A name, to name, record,
A bowl, basin. publish.

Kanzashi. ^ Surudoi, kiru.


A hair ornament. J Sharp, to cut.

Kanna. # Hasami, kazari.


A plane. v Scissors, an ornament.

Oinaru- ;
^ Tsuyagane, tsuya, nomi.
y Lustrous metal, lustre, a
Large. j

chisel.

To cut, a harpoon. Hakaru, hdkari.


'

To calculate, weigh,
scales.
A spade.
MSuki.
Hoko.
Kanabasami, kubigase, fu- A spear.
.
Shackles, fetters, to close
up. Dull.

Masakari. Nabe, kama no rut.


A large axe. A kind of cooking utensil.
185

Kutsuwa,fukumu. Hakari, kanamari.


A bit, to take in the A scales, a metal bowl.
mouth.
Shikoro, yaivarageru.
Surudoi, togaru. Armour protecting the
Pointed, sharp, acute, to neck, to soften.
be sharp.
Suki, suki no ha, tatara.
Hasami. A spade, blade of a spade,
Scissors. a foot-bellows.

Hokosaki, kissaki. Hakari no omori.


The point of a spear. A weight used in weigh-
Byd. ing.
A rivet.
Hagane.
Kesu, tokasu. Steel.
To erase, melt.
Kdkeme no na.
Shiku, tsuraneru, amaneku,
mise-
A unit of weight.
To spread out, arrange
Kane, kane no koe.
in a row, everywhere, a
shop.
A bell, the sound of a bell.
Sabi.
Suki, suku.
Rust.
A spade, hoe, to dig.
Harl.
Sdbi.
Rust.
A needle.
Kin.
Nokogiri.
A saw. A gimlet.
Shirusu, utsusu. Fusagit, katai.
To write down, record, To close up, hard.
copy.
Midareru, majiru, ayama-
Jomae. tsu.
A lock. To be hurried, be in dis-
order, to mix, make a
Zeni. mistake.
'A small coin, a cash, a
Ikari.
An anchor.
5w2fM,tamau.
Ha, tsuba.
Tin, to bestow.
A blade, a sword guard.

Embroidered silk, bro- Zeni sashi.


cade. A cord for stringing cash.
186

u Neru, kitaeru.
f To temper, forge. A coat of mail.
Mekki, kazaru. Kanazuchi.
Plating, to ornament. A hammer.
y Nabe. Kusagiru, kuwa.
v A pot, kettle, saucepan. To cut grass, a hoe.
Suki no tagui.
i
A needle, kind of lancet, Agricultural digging
v tools.
,# Kitaeru.
* To Nabe, kagayaktt.
forge, temper. A saucepan, to shine.
>* Atsumaru, sakazuki. Kagami, terasu, kangamiru.
.? To assemble, a wine-cup. A mirror, to illuminate,
to take warning by.
^ Kuwa.
* A hoe, spade. Minagoroshi.
Extermination.
31
Aragane, itagane. Yajiri.
Unwrought metal, metal The head or barb of an
-j sheets. arrow.

Kole.
Shinchu.
Brass. A trowel, flat-iron.
Sake wo atatameru utsuwa,
r+Kagi. rokuro.
;* A key. A utensil for warming
sake, a pulley.
Kusari, tozasu.
,
A chain, to shut. Kusari.
A chain.
<
+ Shizumcru, osaeru, yasun-
^ zwu. Kaburaya.
A kind of arrow.
To calm, tranquilize, pro-
tect.
Tsiiku, kane ya ishi no oto.
Kama. To strike, beat, the sound
A sickle. of metal or stone.

Kane no naru koe.


Igata, tokasu. The sound of metal.
A mould, to melt.
7~suranuku, tsuzumi no koe.
Yari. To pierce through, the
A spear. sound of a drum.
.
'
Kusari. Kagami, kangamiru, mi"
A chain, chain-links. wakeru.
A mirror, example, to re-
'
Nomi, eru. gard as an example, dis-
\ A chisel, to gouge. criminate.

Yari.
i
Chiribamu, horu.
A spear.
To engrave, carve.
Aragane.
'

Kane, tsurigane. Raw metal.


'

A bell.
Kutsuwa, sakan.
Ishizuki. A bridle bit, flourishing.
'

A ferrule.
Yasuri.
Tsuba, wagane.
A file.
'

A sword guard, a hoop.


Tokasu, torakasu, kesu,
sakan.
An iron coin of very To melt, erase, flourish-
little
ing.
value.
Hibachi, hidoko.
Kane. A brazier, forge.
A kind of gong.
Kagavaku, hikaru.
To shine.
Abumi.
A stirrup. Jo, tozasu.
A lock, to lock up.
Kurogane.
Iron. Tsurube.
A tin, can, well-bucket
Chiribamu, horu.
Nomi, ugatsu.
To engrave, carve. A chisel, to pierce, dig.
Osuzu.
A large bell. To cut

Kojiri. A bell.
The tip (of a scabbard).
Oguwa.
Wa. A large mattock.
A ring.
8 Stroke radical.
To cast (metal). 2 Characters.

-BIS
188

* Nagai, kashira, Takadono, yakusho, goten,


toshiyori.
v Long, the head, senior, to kwannuki.
grow, increase. A large building, office,
palace, gate-bar.
See under l| Iegara, isaoshi.
Family station, merit.
8 Stroke radical.
Mon-gamae. I
a Tatakau,' toki no koe.
tf IJ Kado-gamae. I* To fight, a war-cry.
40 Characters.
% Hey a, kugurido, yakusho.
|
7 A room, postern, office.
^ Kado, iegara.
1

y A gate, outside entrance, I* Nebeya.


door, sect, lineage.
\\ A sleeping-room.
> Kwannuki.
v A gate-bar. I
*. Kemisuru, erdbu.
^ Hirameku, chiratsuku, uka-
r? To inspect, review, ex-
* amine.
gau.
To wave, flash, fl'cker. to kui.
fa Shikimi,

^
search.
I
* A threshold, a stake.
Tojiru, fusagu.
1 To shut, stop up. h Sato, kado, murd no iri-
a kuchi.
Sashitsukae, tsukae.
I

A hindrance. A village, gate, the en-


trance of a village.
jjHiraku, saku.
4 To open, explain, bloc in. -f Shikimi, kagiri.
* Shizuka, hima.
|

I
^ A threshold, limit.
^ Quiet, leisure. 01 Chimata, susu nieru, kao-yoi.
it Aida, hima, ma, mdjiru.
j

\* A street, to wage, beauti-


v Between, during, leisure, ful.
a measure of length, an
aux. num., to mingle. \T Fusagu, todomeru.
Com. f. |^ To close up, stop.
Pfl
Au-aremu, uryoru, aki no foi Momban, komono.
v sora. I
v A gate-keeper, servant,
To pity, to grieve, the castration.
autumn sky.
^
* Uruou, uru. Kadomori, kado.
[=
To be moist, rich or pros- I
v A gate-keeper, gate.
perous, intercalary.

^ Kado, suimon. Yamu, yasumu, owaru.


To
J A gate, water-gate.
stop, rest, finish.

& Isogashii, midari ni. 4- Shizuka, sabishii.


9 Busy, confusedly. * Quiet, lonely.
189

^ Takenawa, tesuri. fe ^40^, shigeru.


v At its height, a handrail. v A path between fields, to
be luxuriant.
-?Yami, kurai, damaru.
^ Darkness, dark, to be ^ Yabureru, kuzureru, ochi-
silent.
To break, crumble, fall, a
|
Hiroi, yutaka, hisashii. cliff.

I* Broad, wide, abundant, a


><, Saka.
long time.
.* An inclined road.
i

f- Kakeizuru, masshigura ni.


v To run out, furiously.
\

A dike, to ward off, de-


fend.
^ Sakan, oto.
\y Flourishing, a sound.
Kewashii, semai.
% Tojiru, tobira. Steep, narrow.
? To close, a door. Oka, otoshiana.
ayamatsu, ushinau.
?,
A mound, pitfall.
\
* A gate, to make a mis- Otoshiana.
take, lose. A pitfall.
Kakawaru, seki, tozasu.
Kuma,''omoneru.
v To concern, a barrier, to A dark spot, corner, to
shut. Incor. Hij
flatter.

I
Ukagau, nozoku. Kewashii.
\ To spy, look into. Steep.
1 Hiraku, akiraka. Tsuku, shitagau, kuwaeru.
I

* To open, clear. To adhere to, follow, to


add to.
:i, wow, kwannuki.
A threshold, gate, gate-
Kizahashi, hashigo.
The s'eps of the throne.
bar.
Fusagu, samatageru, ayaui,
Hiraku, sakeru. kewashii.
To open, avoid. To obstruct, impede, dan-
j, iwfldW, ^J<7. gerous, steep.
v A street, city, gate. Hedateru, naydmu, kewa-

8 Stroke radical. To be separated from,


to suffer, steep.
. [S Kozalo-hen.
MH 66 Characters. Tsutsumi, tameike, naname.
A dike, pond, slanting.

C'^, oinaru. lyashii, semai.


A mound, large. Low, mean, narrow.

ii^" H
^ m
190

y Kagiri, saki. Suemono, yakimono.


v End, limit, to fix. Pottery, porcelain.
Ochiru,yaburerUj kuzureru. Ochiiru, ochiru, otoshiana.
To fall, break, crumble. To fall into, be entrap-

,
MacM, aze, nawate. ped, collapse, a pitfall.
9 A street, road between
Oka, kuga.
rice-fields.

Furu, kudaru. Inc. ^


To come down (rain, ^ Sumi, sato.
J* A
etc.), descend, surrender. corner, country village.

-x. Kizahashi.
4 \* Hotori, sakai.
The steps of the throne. :
# Vicinity, borders.
Narabu, tsuranaru.
To be arranged in order, if tasukeru.
a camp. A low wall, a parapet, to
Yakusho, tera, ie.
An office, school, a build-
;^ Oka, misasagi, shinogu.
ing for religious uses. 'rv A mound, Imperial tomb,
Nozoku, waru, harau. to slight a superior.
To subtract, divide,
sweep away. ,-y Hi, akiraka, hinata.
'* The sun, clear, warm,
Narrow. sunshine, the male prin-
ciple in philosophy.
2, semai ntichi.
^ Tsutsumi, dote.
An inclined, or narrow, 1 A
road. dike, bank.

Noboru, susumu. y Kuma, sumi.


To rise, advance. 1 A dark spot, corner.
susumu. ^ Sumi, kado.
|tiH|j Noboru, A
\/y ? To rise, advance. corner, angle.

,<; Kuwawaru, tasukeru.


4 To attend on, accom- Prosperous, high.
pany, assist.
4 Kage, kumoru, hisoka ni. Kumi, mure.
v Shadow, cloudy, secretly, A company, regiment,
the female principle in crew, crowd.
philosophy. Kizahashi, hashigo.
f. Noberu, shiku, tsuraneru, A steps, stairs, ladder.
v naraberu, furui.
To state, spread out, Koeru, haruka.
show, old. To cross over, far.
191

Saka, tsutsumi. 7 Kuma, mizugiwa.


A hilly road, a dike. v A corner, nook, brink,
edge.
'i Fusagu.
v To '* Anamichi, ochiru.
! obstruct. ,# An underground passage,
a tunnel, to fall.
Karabon.
A dry moat. >>f
Kakureru.
v To hide, be in retirement,
\

secret, illicit, obscure.


; Okotaru, ochiru.
To be remiss, fall, oval. (S
/ Sawa.
j* A marsh.
10 'to Hedateru, fusagaru. J 0fl, hatake.
;p A mound, field.
y To be separated from, [

O \

obstructed.

* Ochiru, yaburu, ushinau. 8 Stroke radical.


* To fall, to break, lose.
2 Characters.

-r Semai, fusagu.
4 Narrow, to obstruct.
Oyobu, ataeru.
To reach, to give.
11 >f Sukima, hima.
Tsuku, shimobe.
O * A crack, opening, leisure. To belong to, a servant,
menial.
Kiwa, ori, majiwaru.
Edge, time, limit, to as-
sociate with. 8 Stroke radical.

Hedateru, sawari.
^u
H " 23 Characters.
Furutori.

To be separated from,
an obstacle, objection.
* Furutori, tori.

12
Tonari, tonaru. * A
bird.
O Neighboring, a neighbor,
to adjoin. t Katakata, hitotsu.
* One of a pair, one, an
Kuzureru. aux. num. for ships.
To crumble &
to pieces. * Hayabusa.
The perigrine falcon.
Aogu, sakamichi, hashigo.
a* To look up, a hilly road, g; Suzume, odoru.
a ladder. y A sparrow, to leap for
joy.
13 Shitagau. b /JT^n.
O To obey, follow, accord- ^ A wild goose.
ing to.
4 O, WM, sugureru.
Kewashii, takai, nayamu. v A male, strong, to sur-
Steep, high, to suffer. pass.
192

; a Yatou. Hanareru, liedaieru, waka-


I To hire, employ. tsu.
To be separated from, to
;
$> Atsumeru, atsumaru, oi. divide.
7 To
;
collect, assemble,
many. Katai, muzukashii, kuru-
shimu.
Shitoyaka, tadashii.
Refined, elegant, just. Difficult, hard, to suffer.

Me, mesu. 8 Stroke radical.


A female, weak, to be Ame-kammuri.
inferior. r-u
*" 36 Characters.
^ Koeru, dburagiru.
v To be fat or oily.
Ante, amefuri.
Rain, rainfall.
3 Yawaragu.
v To be harmonious. t Yuki, susugu.
^ Snow, to wash, rinse.

A pheasant. Amagoi.
Praying for rain.
Misago. Shizuku.
1
The osprey. A drop.
Horn, kumadaka. Kumo.
To carve, the crested
fr
v A cloud.
eagle.

ledomo.
,

Although.
A mist.

>s Yukifuri.
Futatsu.
' Snowfall.
Two, a pair, both.

!
is Ochiru.
'
Majiru, atsumaru. ^ To fall, a cipher, zero,
To mix, assemble, vari- quiet rain.
ous, coarse, roughly
made. g Ikazuchi, kaminari.
-i Thunder.
t Yawaragu, tanoshimu.
'

To be harmonious, hap- Inazuma, inabikari.


py. Lightning, electricity.

J
Hina. >>. //y^, hizame.
A chicken, small doll. t
f
Large hail.

f Niwatori. i> Motomeru.


t
A barn-yard fowl. a To ask for, demand.
193

Sora.
*.
B Tsuyu, uruou, arawareru.
tf The sky, heavens.
'
Dew, to be wet, known,
manifest.
v Furuu, osoreru.
v To Arare.
shake, quake, fear. t-fe

> Hail.
^ Indbikari, ikazuchi. >
Hatagashira,
l Lightning. N daimyo-ga-
\ shira.
The leading power.
* dame, mizu no nagareru
koto. '^. Ikazuchi, kaminari.
Heavy rain, the flowing f* Thunder.
of water.
i ^ Hareru.
-g Niwaka, sakan. *4 To clear up.
Suddenly, vigorous.
fix Tamashii.
Kin', kumo no tobu koto. \4 The soul, spirit, a ghost,
^A mist, the flight of the
sacred.
clouds.
iu Tsuyoi kaminari.
** Severe thunder.
9 Uruou, nureru.
^ To become wet, to soak. , tandbiku.

Mist, fog, to cloud over.


^ Niji.
4 A rainbow. Tandbiku.
To cloud over.
>j Naga-ame.
* A long rain. 8 Stroke radical.
5 Characters.
* Shinto.
^ Frost, hoar-frost.

Kasumi, kasumu. i in-


Green, blue, unripe,
. Mist, haze, to be hazy.
experienced.
Mizore.
at
|^ Yasui, osameru.
^ Sleet. 4 Quiet, to tranquilize, to
rule.
v Amadari, shitadari.
v The dripping of rain. Yosoou, kazaru.
To adorn.

Shizuka, ikon.
Mist, fog.
Quiet, peaceful, to rest.

Naga-ame. Aizome, aoi.


A long rain. Indigo dyed, blue, green.

l
194

8 Stroke radical. Tomo.


3 Characters.
An archer's wrist-shield.

Munagai, ninau, tsuyoi.


Arazu, wand, soskini.
A collar, to bear, strong.
Not, bad, wrong, to
slander, criticise, blame. Kaban.
ft Tagau, motareru. A traveling bag.
v To differ from, lean upon.
Kura.
H Nabiku, fusit. A saddle.
To bend, yield to, wave,
obey. Waraji.
Straw sandals.

9 Stroke radical. Katai, tsukaneru.


tf IJ 3 Characters. Hard, firm, to bind.
Saya.
Omole, kao, mukau. A scabbard.
The face, front, surface,
to front. Mari, kiwameru, yashinau,
Hajiru. tsugeru.
To be ashamed. A ball, to investigate, to
bring up, to announce.
Ekubo.
A dimple. Shirigai.
The crupper of a saddle.
9 Stroke radical.
Kavca hen. Muchi, muchiutsu.
Tsukuri-gaiva. A whip, to whip.
20 Characters.
Tou, kiwameru, loitsu-
meru.
Aratameru, nameshigawa,
kawa. To ask, investigate, Ci'oss-
To renew, restore, leather, question.
hide, skin.
Kutsu.
Nameshigawa, yawaraka.
Dressed leather, soft.
Boots, shoes.
Yawaraka, shinayaka. Utsu, muchiutsu.
Soft, pliable. To strike, whip.
Munagai.
The collar to which a ; Tdbi, shitaguisu.
saddle is attached. Stockings, hose.
Hodashi, shirigai.
Fetters, the crupper.
9 Stroke radical.
Omogai. . . Nameshi-gawa.
A headstall. -I I"*
5 Characters.
195

Nameshigawa, somuku. Itadakt, itadaku.


Tanned leather, to rebel. The head, top, to put on
the head, receive.
it Igeta, Chosen.
V A well-curb, Korea. 4
Konogoro, shibaraku, kata-
muku.
Yoi'
* Recently, for some time, a
Good. moment, about, to incline.
* Tsutsumu, yumibukuro. 1, Unaji.
* To wrap up, a case for # The nape of the neck, a
a bow or sword. clause, paragraph.
^ Shitagau, yawaraka.
>>, Fuigo. v To obey, follow, in re-
* A bellows.
gular order, gentle.
y Subekaraku, shibaraku.
9 Stroke radical. a Ought, proper, an in-
r-tu Nira-hen. stant.
H 1^2 Characters. ^ Homeru, utau.
v To praise, sing.
Nira.
A leek. a Azukaru, arakajime.
To have charge of, be en-
Kudaku, tsukemono. trusted with, previously.
To crush, pickles. '

h Yagate, niwaka ni, nuka-


\
v zuku, sutaru.
9 Stroke radical. Forthwith, suddenly, to
Oto-hen. bow the head, salute, to
4 Characters. be rejected.
y Katakuna, ordka, nibui.

to, <?, &?. [noise.


v Stubborn, foolish, dull.

Q vA voice, sound, tone, >N


v To
Wakalsu, kubaru.
divide, distribute.
5fe UruwasMi, utsukushii, tsu-
HI i, Kubi, en, osameru, suberu,
Beautiful, to tell.
4 ukeru.
\*Hibiki. The neck, collar, to rule,
;** Rhyme, rythm. receive, jurisdiction.
;* Hibiki, hibiku. Katayoru, sukoburu.
> ^
Sound, noise, report, To incline to one side,
echo, shock, to resound. very, greatly.
*
"^ Otogai*
Stroke radical. * The chin.
~
a *'
43 Characters. \t> Tobiagaru.
[v To leap up.
, kashira. . Ago, otogai.
The
I

head, a page. [ The chin, jaw.

A t
m
196

LIFI J* Kashira, atama, kobe. Itadaki, sakasama, kutsu-


'"
The head, top, chief, an gaeru.
auxiliary numeral. The top, head, beginning,
to be upset.

Tagui, niru.
The cheek. * Sort, kind, to resemble,
a Oinaru.
Taoreru, kuzureru, sutaru. * Large.
To crumble to pieces,
to be abandoned. Kaerimiru, omou.
To look back on, reflect,
Shikiri ni, sumiydka. consider.
Constantly, quickly. jj Shiroi, oinaru, ten no ki,
Kubi. ? White, large, a heavenly
The neck. atmosphere.
j^ Furuu, wannanaku.
Otagai, ago, unazuku. v To shiver, shudder.
The chin, to nod assent.
|

> Arawareru, akiraka.


tania no
v To be revealed, to ap-
Tsubu, kazu, ,

tsuchigure. pear, clear.


A small, round object, a s> Komekami.
clod of earth. * The temple.
Shirushi, na. 'u Shikameru, uryoru.
\ A subject, topic, text, > To make a wry face, to
name. grieve.
Kashira, atama, atama no
'if Hitai, tdka.
hone.
ff The forehead, amount, a
\
The head, skull.
picture, price.
* Hobone.
",-if Kao, tsura. v The cheek-bone.
[v The face.
^j Komekami.
Oroka, uvauyashii. y The temple.
Foolish, humble.

Ago, agito, tsutsushinnt. 9 Stroke radical.


The chin, to be circum- Fu-nyu.
spect. 10 Characters.

Agito, ago. .

The gills, jaw-bone, chin. , narawashi.


Wind, air, fashion, cus-
Negau. toms.
To ask, request, desire.
Oroshi.
Hitai. A wind blowing from the
The forehead. mountains.
197

v? Kazaoto. y Yumeshi, chazuke.


The sound of the wind. v Supper, rice with tea
~y
poured over.
t Tsujikaze.
v A whirlwind. 4 Nomu, nomimono.
v To drink, a drink.
Okaze, tsumujikaze.
A typhoon, whirlwind. Meshi, ii.

Boiled rice, food.


^ Kuruu kaze.
v A violent wind. h Mushimochi.
^ Steamed rice-cakes.
-V Ageru, fukichirasu, fuki-
v ageru.
To & Nieru, niru.
lift up, to scatter, or * To boil.
raise, by the wind.
n: Fukiageru. Tsutsushimu, imashimeru,
Jj
v To blow about. ^ totonoeru.
^ Hirugaeru, kazefuku kata- To reverence, admonish,
^ chi. adjust.
To wave, the appearance Aku.
of wind blowing.
To be sated.
Okaze, tsumujikaze.
A high wind, whirlwind. ^ Aku.
? To have enough, be tired
of.
9 Stroke radical.
2 Characters. & Kazari, kazaru, yosoou.
'

J An ornament, to adorn,
gloss over.
Tobu.
To fly, jump, leap. * Kau, yashinau.
To nourish.
keep,
>N Hirugaesu.
" To turn over, wave, Ame.
change about. Glutinous rice-jelly.

Mochi.
9 Stroke radical. A cake of pounded rice.
Shoku-hen.
48 Characters.
jjj
Kare-ii, okuru.
^ Meshi, kuu, yashinau. y Boiled rice dried, provi-
sions (for troops), to send.
# Boiled rice, to eat,
to nourish. '

'^
E,esa,eba, ejiki.
Ueru. Food of animals, bait.
To be hungry, starved,
famished.
;-v Yashinau, sodateru.
Takuwaeru. 'V To nourish, support, rear,
IT To store up. bring up.
198

Ueru. Hoshii.
To be starved, hungry, Sun-dried boiled-rice.
famished.
Kayu, mazushii kurashi.
* Kurau, nomu. Rice gruel, poor living.
v To eat a meal, to swal-
low. Okuru, kareii.
To send, dried boiled-
nokoru.
3 Amari, amaru, rice.
The remainder, to be left
over, too, more than.
;*
Ueru.
;
v To be starved, hungry,
Kurau, yumeshi. famished.
To
|-

I" eat, supper.

\& Ueru, kusaru.


\4 To
starve, decay. (A kind of dumpling,
Manju
,
^ Nokori, kuiamashi.
v A remainder, left-over Ueru.
food. To be starved, hungry,
famished.
* Yakata, yado, fate.
v A
palace, mansion, pub- Okuru, kuimono.
lic office, lodging-place. To send, food.
*# Susumeru, kurau. Kuimono, sonaemono.
V To urge, to eat. Food, an offering.
|
a Dango. Sueru.
V A dumpling. To putrify.
* Azareru, ueru, kuimono. *
Yutaka, amaru.
;* To putrify, to starve, Surplus, abundant, lib-
4
food.
eral, fertile.

^ Hanamuke, okuru, miokuru.


^ A present to one depart- Motenasu, sakawori-
To entertain guests, a
ing, to present, see off.
banquet.
Sonaemono, furumai.
An offering, a feast. Asameshi, ryori sum.
Breakfast, to cook.
An, am at.
Bean flour and sugar, Musaboru.
sweet. To covet.

Kusai, suetaru.
Putrid, decayed. Rice-gruel.

Musabori-kurau. Aku.
To gluttonize. To be sated.
199

9 Stroke radical. ^ Haseru.


2 Characters.
To ride rapidly, gallop.

Nareru, shitagau.
To be accustomed to,
Kubi, kobe, kashira. familiar with, to follow,
The head, chief, to ac-
obey.
knowledge, confess.
Mimikiru, kubikiru. >>, Buchi.
9 Spotted, piebald, to re-
Cutting off ears, decapi-
tation. fute.

Kakeru, karu, hashiru.


9 Stroke radical.
To run, drive, urge on.
6 Characters.
f. Todomaru, yamu.
^ To stop, reside.
* Nioi, kaori, ka.
J Odor, fragrance, incense. Koma.
- Kaori. A colt, a two-year-old.
v Fragrance.
'
* Noru, norimono, shinogu.
-j Kobashii, kaori. r** To ride, harness, a ve-
# Fragrant, fragrance.
hicle, to supersede.
Nioi.
* Odor. r Nibuiuma.
r A slow horse, stupid.
4- Kaoru, kobashii.
11 4 Fragrant, incense. I
7W, /la^rt/, sumiyaka.
,
Quick, fast
u Kobashii, niou.
^ Strong odor.
A four-in-hand.
10 Stroke radical.
_ U ma-hen. Nibui uma.
Mr* 46 Characters. A slow horse, stupid, to
unshoe.

Uma.
Noru, owaseru.
A horse. To ride, to load.
p Noru, tsukau, osameru.
3 To ride, drive, rule.
Odoroku, sawagu.
To be frightened.
^ Haseru, shinogu, noboru.
p To run, go ahead of, Kawarnge uma.
overtop, ascend. A black-maned white
^ Owaseru. horse.
An aux. num. for horse-
loads, to load on a horse. y Hashiru.
v To run, rapid.

7L
-j, W 4A.
fo
n
200
y Siigureru, hayai. Ashige uma.
v To be excellent, quick. A gray horse.
^ Haseru. ;.> Ogoru.
4 To gallop, ride fast. \
To be stubborn, proud.

Noru, matagaru. \y Sugureta uma, hayai, isa-


To ride, sitastride of, an i^ mashii.
aux. num. for horsemen. A good horse, fast, strong.
Sugureta uma. ,4- Shirushi, kikimc, tamesu.
A superior horse. \
^ A mark, efficacy, to con-
sider, examine.
* Ashige no uma.
* A gray horse. ',>r Odoroku.
1 To be frightened.
^ Narabu, muda. Umayado, shuku.
|i
* To be in ranks, worthless. '* A post-station, station.

-,Sukasu, azamukeru, taba- [ & Niwaka, shibashiba.


^ karu. \v Sudden, fast, frequently.
To cheat, deceive.
, Kutsuwa.
h Noboru, agaru, kinkiriuma. A bridle bit
* To rise, ascend, a geld-
ing. Usagiuma.
A donkey.
-t Sawagu.
v To be noisy, excited. Sen-ri no uma.
An excellent steed, abi-
^ Kakeru, sawagashii. lity.
^'To be deficient, noisy.
Yorokobu.
Kakeru, karu, hashiru.
To rejoice.
To run, drive, urge on. Kurouma, narabu.
A black horse, to be ar-
Usagiuma. ranged in order.
A mule.

-x Tsuyoi, hayai. 10 Stroke radical,


9 Strong, fast. Hone-Jien.
13 Characters.
if Yoi uma, ogoru, karonzuru.
v A good steed, to be proud,
to despise. ^ Hone.
%
> A
bone.
,s Noboru, noru, koeru.
'>
To ascend, ride, cross \-jj Hagi, sunebone.
over. v The leg, shin.
201

b Sugoroku no sai. Kami wo soru, kiru.


V A kind of die used in To shave, cut the hair.
games.
Kamoji, soegami.
if Hone, karada. False hair.
4 A bone, the body.

* Hone.
* The bones of a skeleton. Similar, resembling.

% Hizashita, ashikubi. Taregami.


? The lower leg, ankle. Long hair.

% Hone-tatsn, kadodalsu.
v To have a bone in the Hohige.
v Whiskers.
throat, to be crabbed.

Momo. i.><, Kami.


u
The thigh. :* Hair.

\y Hizabone. i? Tsunogatni, taregami.


\v The knee. \
v Long hair, locks.

^a Sarekobe.
? Mrw &z m ikazari.
'

;
The skull. t ,

* To resemble, a hair orna-


i

ment.
Karada, katachi.
The body, person, sub- i,
Uwahige.
'
stance, appearance. t A moustache.
Sarekobe.
Urushi-nuru.
A skull. To varnish.
Hone no shin.
Marrow. ^4 Motodori, tabusa.
Dressed up hair, a lady's
cue.
10 Stroke radical.
Character. ^ Ibitsu, kami wo tokasu koto.
|f I) I :

? Oval, to take down the


k

hair.
Tofan*.
High, lofty, dear, good. ^y
'
Midaregami.
Dishevelled hair.

> -JUr* 10 Stroke radical. s


Tategami, hire.

-S|\ Kami-gashira. The mane of a horse, fin


HI'* 21 Characters. of a fish.

9.Midaregami.
* Disordered, or
Nagai kami no ke. let down,
Longhair. hair.

K
202

Katsura, Kurai, shigeru.


False hair, a wig. Gloomy, dull, melan-
choly, dense.
v Shitahige, agohige.
^ Chin whiskers.
10 Stroke radical.
# Wage, mage. 2 Characters.
v A
cue, a style of hair-
dressing.
.^ Ashiganae, hedaisu, heda-
ti Ho
nokamige. 12 tan.
v Hair over the temples. % A
three-legged kettle, to
separate, distance.
i, Tategami. f Urn, hisagu.
~? The mane. [

\*> To sell, peddle.

10 Stroke radical. 10 Stroke radical.


Tatakai-gamae. 12 Characters.
7 Characters.

Om.
Tatakau. A devil, ghost, spirit.
To fight.
Kashira, sakigaki, oinaru.
ye Sawagashii. The head, a leader, large,
v Noisy. great.
Tamashii.
i
n Tokinokoe, tatakau. The soul, spirit.
|
A war cry, to fight. Tamashii.
Semegu, utiaeru. The soul, spirit.
\jf
* To quarrel, accuse.
\
Miiru, bakasu, bakemono.
To be witched, to delude,
I
h Tatakau, arasou, a ghost.
* To fight, quarrel, contend Hideri no kami, hideri.
\

for.
The god of drought,
\^. Kuji, kujitoru. drought.
\f A lot, to draw lots. Mizunokami, yama-kawa
no tama.
[
j. Tatakau, arasou. A water-god, a god of
p To fight, quarrel, con- mountain or river.
tend for.
Takai, oinaru.
High, large.
10 Stroke radical. Mizu no kami.
PP 2 Characters. A mountain god, a spirit
of river and mountain.
Mizuchi, yama no kami.
Kaorigusa. A dragon, a mountain
Fragrant herbs. god.
203

Oni. Sushi.
An evil spirit, devil. Rice and raw fish sea-
soned with vinegar
Osowareru.
To have the nightmare. Same.
A shark.
II Stroke radical. , shake.
^u
-I
Uo-hen.
I* 67 Characters.
The salmon.
wo tamago, hararago.
t/p
Fish-roe (of salmon).
Uo.
A fish.
Tachiuo.
The dace.
A long slender kind of
fish.
The razor shell, a kind of
Oshikiuo. fish.
A white fish.
Koi.
Oroka, nibui.
Foolish, dull.
A carp.

Awabi. A kind of fish.


The sea-ear.

. * Uo no hone, tadashii.
Rice and raw fish sea-
I

t
v A fish bone, correct.
soned with vinegar.
Iruka.
r^' '

? Ayu. I
The dolphin.
v A river fish, trout.

Sunafuki, haze.
^Akiadoffish.
*
1

A small carp.
, namagusai. Hae, haya.
The salmon, a fresh and The dace.
raw smell.

Konoshiro. >-fe Tako.


A kind of \9 The octopus.
aji.

Numauo, azayaka, sukunai.


Fresh fish, clear, bright, v The Japanese perch.
|

fresh, few.

Magnro. ;> Kujira.


The tunny. U The whale.

*
* 9a w
204:

Knjira. 10
The whale. The sole.

Snrume.
Dried cuttle-fish. |# A lamprey.
a O-uo. i
Iwashi.
v An immense
; fish. \ The sardine.

; Shachi, shachihoko. ;
=) Iwashi.
i The grampus. [
y The sardine.

Nantazu.
The cat-fish. I
A fin.
.^ Saba.
Yamo-o.
4 The mackerel. g
v A widower.
Nishin.
i Tobi-uo.
The herring. v A flying-fish.
Th 2 mullet. i
A large blue-backed fish.
Katsuo.
A shrimp, prawn, lobster. >t-

y The bonito.
Kajika. 7s-

Haya, hae.
The bull-head. The dace.

Nishin. Konoshiro.
The herring. A kind of a//.
Wani. ylAv.
An alligator, crocodile. The goose-fish.

, era. Unagi.
The gills of a fish. An eel.

Ningyo. Tara.
A mermaid. The cod.

Fugu, awabi.
'

37
,* A globe-fish, sea-ear. The horse-mackerel.
205

Uroko, koke.
The scales of a fish or The phoenix (a fabulous
snake. bird).

Support. Tobi.
The snapping turtle. The kite.

Kisu. j naru.
A kind of fish. To cry, call, to sound,
ring.
Masu.
The salmon-trout. Doku no tori no na.
A poisonous bird.
Hamo.
A kind of eel. Karasu.
A crow.
Tanago.
A small fresh-water fish. Kari.
A wild goose.
Fuka.
A shark. Mozu.
The shrike.

Sayori.
The half-beak. Misosazai.
The Japanese wren.
Want.
A crocodile. Kanw.
A wild-du^k.
Suzuki.
The perch. Tobi, fukuro.
A kite, an owl.
n Stroke radical. Oshidori.
^K Tori-hen.
H 61 Characters.
I"*
The mandirin duck.

(Dacl.o $&&, ostrich)


A bird.
Oshidori.
Hato.
A The mandarin duck.
pigeon.

Nio. Ishitataki.
A small duck. The wag-ta.l.

Kamo. Shigi.
A wild duck. The snipe.

-fc^
IP

ti
206

Odori, oinaru.
A large wild goose, large, A duck.
great.
Misago.
The osprey.
The kite.
Uguisu.
lebalo. The Japanese bush-
The dove. warbler.

The cormorant. Tsuru.


The crane, stork.
Gacho.
*
A goose. Niwatori.
The barn-yard fowl.
Mozu.
A shrike. Ao-dori.
The wagtail.
Hakucho, oinaru.
The swan, large. Hdshtddka, layabusa.
A kind of falcon.
Hototogisu.
The cuckoo.
Hayabusa.
Monoii-dori.
A falcon.
The parrot.
f, tamago.
A chick, an egg.
A fabulous bird, a large
bird.
The siskin.

The quail.
The cormorant.
Kasasagi.
The magpie. Oki-na mizudori.
A large aquatic fowl.
Hiyodori.
The brown-eared bulbul. /, hageshii.
A wild bird, fierce.
Washi, kumadaka.
The eagle, Indian crested Kamome.
eagle. The sea-gull.
Nue.
A kind of pheasant, a
fabulous night bird. The partridge.
207

.
Washi. ^l^M, shio.
The eagle. Lye, salt.
, soap)
.

Oyamadori.
A large pheasant. Salt.

Misosazai.
The Japanese wren. II Stroke radical.
r^ |1 Shika-hen.
Shigi, kawasemi. Mr* 14 Characters.
The snipe, the kingfisher.
, ka.
Misosazai.
The Japanese wren.
* A deer, stag.
~4 Mejika.
Taka. A doe.
A hawk, falcon.
$/ Oinaru shika.
Sagi, shirasagi.
A large deer.
The snow-heron. ^ Muragaru, shibaru.
* To crowd to
Kdbato, onagadori, uso. together,
bind.
A kind
of magpie, an
implement of worship. Nareshika.
^
U. The reindeer.
The cormorant.

A fawn.
\y Monoii-don.
\9 The parrot.
Fumoto.
Kozuru. The foot of a mountain.
(5 The stork.
Urardka, uruwashii.
5 Kami no tori, suzu. Beautiful, good, bright.
* The phoenix, a bell.
Me no rin.
A fabulous animal re-
II Stroke radical. sembling a giraffe.
4 Characters.
Kujika.
A kind of stag.
Shiohama, arechi.
Salt fields, waste land, Kaori.
salty. Odor.

m Shiokarai.
Salty.
"
Kaorijika.
The musk-deer.

**
-

m
208

O no rin. 12 Stroke radical.


A fabulous animal re-
2 Characters.
sembling a giraffe.
Arai, orosoka.
Ki, kiiro.
Coarse, rough, foolish.
Yellow.

II Stroke radical. Mandbidokoro.


Mugi-hen.
A school.
til-) Baku-tiyu.
7 Characters. 12 Stroke radical.
4 Characters.
* Mugi.
* Wheat.
5, Kibi.

7 '3 Millet.
A kind of bread made
from wheat flour. '
LX Kulsunori, oi, kuroi.
"i Paste used in making
:> Mugiko.
\*> Wheat flour. shoes, many, dark.
>T Nebaru, mochi.
; Omugi. I
" To be sticky, bird-lime.
:
Barley.
Torimochi.
I* *#/.
Bird-lime.
(' Yeast.
\

|> Mugiko.
\v Wheat flour. 12 Stroke radical.
-7 Irimugi. 17 Characters.
|

!# Parched wheat.
a Kuroi.
* Black.
II Stroke radical.
4 Characters. ,)? Damaru.
* To be silent.

Asa.
^ Kuroi.
Hemp. * Black.
Sukoshi, komaka.
* .

A hfjremono.
little, trifle.
,

A wart, wen, swelling.


Hata, sashimaneku, shi-
mesu. ^ Shiruslri, tomosu, unazuku.
A signal flag, to beckon,
v A dot, point, spot, mark,
show. to mark, light, nod assent.
. Maro. Mayuzumi.
The termination of cer- i Blackened eyebrows,
tain names of men. black.
209

* Shirizokeru. Koroma no aya-nui.


5 To send away, cause to Embroidery.
retire, degrade.

v Ao-guroi. 13 Stroke radical.


x Blue-black. 5 Characters.
|]|!
fy Warugashikoi, katdkute
*
y kuroi. Kaeru, tsutomeru.
Crafty, hard and black. A frog, to exert oneself.
Irezumi.
x>-

4 Tattooing. *y O support, imori.


'

t
v A large snapping-turtle.
6 Tomogara, mure, tagui.
v A ^^ Hikigaeru.
band, association, , ^ A bull-frog.
party, flock, companions,
sort.
A sea-tortoise.
i, Kuroi.
4 Black.
Kame, suppon.
A turtle, the snappmg-
turtle.
; r Kurai, itamu.
v Dark, to be painful.
13 Stroke radical.
# Mayuzumi. I Character.
\4 Blackened eyebrows.

akazuku.
,
\&1? Kanae.
-
Mould, to become dirty A tripod utensil, a caul-
or greasy. dron.
i Hokuro.
^ A mole.
13 Stroke radical.
> Kegasu, akazuku. p||-l 4 Characters.
9 To defile, dishonor.

Tsuzumi, utsu.
12 Stroke rad cal.
r
A drum, to beat.
Tsuzumi-utsu, utsu, aoru.
4 Characters.
To beat a drum, to beat,
to stir up.
, , . Tsuzumi no oto.
To sew, darn, embroi- The sound of a drum.
dery. Furitsuzumi.
y Enogu, irodoru. [paint.
A sort of tambourine.
v Painting materials, to
y Hizakake, maedare. 13 Stroke radical.
* A
lap-rug, an apron.
6 Characters.

ti
210

Nezumi. Namasu, kudaku.


A rat,mouse. A kind of fish salad, to
crush.
ItachL
A weasel.
15 Stroke radical.
Ha-hen.
Musdbi.
13 Characters.
A flying squirrel.
x Moguramochi. v Ha, yowai.
v A mole. Teeth, age.

y Hagaivari, itokenai.
si Moguramochi. [^Change of teeth, child-
v A mole. hood, young.

> Hatsukanezumi. Haguki, arasou.


\4 A mouse. f The gums, to quarrel.

Yowai, toshi.
14 Stroke radical. Age.
JJ|<J 3
Characters.
Kamn, kuichigau.
To bite, disagree, uneven.
Hana.
The nose. % Kamu, haguki.
\
v To bite, the gums.

Snoring.
f
Kamu.
To bite.
Hana-iki.
Breathing thru the nose. r* Usuba.
IP A
hollowed tooth (as of
an old man).
14 Stroke radical.
5 Characters. >j} Kamu.
>v To bite.

Hitoshii, totonoeru. Kamu, kuichigau.


Alike, even, to regulate. \ To bite, disagree, uneven.

Monoimi, isagiyoi, hey a. Hagami, semaru, chiisai.


Fasting and purification, Grinding the teeth, to be
pure, a room for study. crowded, small.

Motarasu, sonaeru. Mushiba.


To bring, carry, present. A decayed tooth.
Hitoshii. Semaru, kosekose suru.
Equal, alike. To be crowded, to potter.
211

'J-fcT? 1 6 Stroke radical. .

j pf * 4 Characters.
A tortoise.
^Suppon.
Tatsu.
y A snapping-turtle, a tor- 12
I
i
# A dragon, Imperial.
toise.

]>> Midareru, takai ie.


To be disordered, a high 1 7 Stroke radical.
i*
building. 3 Characters.
E9
* Sonaeru, tatematsuru.
4

'? To offer.
A flute.
:^ Hokora.
[^ A small shrine. 5
Old form of fir

16 Stroke radical.
i^ Yobu. 7
2 Characters. To call.
lj
LIST OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS
ARE OBSCURE.

2 Strokes. R A 31
7 i JU < & A
<J 7) ^ ^ /A A
4 Strokes.
75 iE in

ft z, B E
fc b W r|J

3 Strokes. a ,.

7tii /^

^ , ft b
E n 5 Strokes.

A-
n** 1

Y ,,

"T \ nt >

tt n
*f~A ~j -^rt. >f

& ,, s. ..

i/i* j

4- A
Ii A ft "

/L A !fe /L

W u
214 LIST OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE O3SCURE.

*
A
"7^

ki >> x
51 A
J&
ft n "3^ ^v

., ^
JR r|i B n
95 Jj ft JL

Jft A fe n ffi m
ft U ffi P

B ft
ffi tt
JE y\* t4

b ft 7 Strokes.

h * K

38
ra n
R a T^

iti > ^
6 Strokes.

E
T*J >i 1C Zl
P
LIST OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE.

m a A PO iu

A " M
^ )J

Pt It m -5^ J

K9 n S jg |J P^F
xi^ .

^3 ra a
UL
Til
|
^ /r

^j
^ a
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E E B
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HP ri
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?S ^C S&. ^
8 Strokes. J5 n ~*
M <

& I S Jh

Jg B *[
du
v
O ^ 2*^

if *
^7 55 -
"*
fc A .. tit 3
e M m*
^ *
SL ife
210 LIST OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE.

a m .. ft .-

.if ..

& A
jfc

9 Strokes.

I
ffl A
3 JL E
m A S W
*-^ , ^
P- 4t ,0

xiv /T^ S 31

S n 10 Strokes.

B
IS u

W 7J 3f A
* A
in n

K x
BC BE 3
m n
LIST OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE.

fifc ffl m n

^ A A ,,

1 n ^fc @ w -

J* n ffi 1^1

gfc *
H a
* *

Is -<i

^^C ^L.

ft i

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fig ;n * B
* fi a. ^1*

Fa :< '

^iMj
j^v |I..J|
/ H A

M $ B 12 Strokes.

W ^ A
fl Jl

tt
II Strokes. * n
^f
^=E
n
/4 A .. a w
^P? j> BE m

SS a
218 LIST OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE.

Wl * IK

m . M *

a* * m H a

fll 1 6 Strokes.

mA
13 Strokes.

II c a m
IP? * m A
S3 p a
A M %*

14 Strokes. * ft

15 Strokes.

a
s
^& n
SS .,

P a
* a * *
LIST OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE. 219

m H m 3 2.0 .Strokes.

17 Strokes. ft IM l P 23 Strokes.

8? P 18 Strokes. H ^ m
ft*
a IBt ^ M
B a ^. $$ ^ 24 Strokes.

Jt M 93 Si
B A A II K
g. 21 Strokes. 25 Strokes.

EJ S -i-

19 Strokes. i RI

22 Strokes. 26 Strokes.

Rm is *.

it* m*
GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.

The Empire of Japan Nara


Fu m Niigata
Ky5to Oita
Osaka Okayama Ul

Tokyo Okinawa
Ken Saga
Aichi Saitama
Akita ft m Shiga
Aomori Shimane
Chiba Shizuoka
Ehime s m Tochigi
Fukui ffia 7p Tokushima
Fukuoka ImM Tottori
Fukushima m & Toyama
Gifu Wakayama
Gumma Yamagata Ul T&
Hiroshima & Yamaguchi m P
Hyogo Yamanashi
Ibaraki *
Ishikawa )}\
Chosen (Korea) |8 fc

Iwate Hokkaido
Kagawa Karafuto (Sagalien)

Kagoshima Taiwan (Formosa)


Kanagawa
Kochi Names of some Important Places
Kumamoto (Places whose characters may be
Mie found above are omitted)

Miyagi Tokyo Shi M rfr

Miyazaki Akasaka Ku mm
Nagano if Asakusa ^@
Nagasaki Azabu
GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES. ',21

Fukagawa Ku $g )]} |& Shimonoseki T


Kongo #. m BE Taihoku m
Honjo ;fc ffi |& Taiku
Kanda fiif 03 Ha Takamatsu
Koishikawa 'KG-MIHa Tamsui
Kojimachi H Bf g Tsu
Kyobashi ; ffi IS Unzen a &
Nihonbashi Yokohama
Shiba ^ Yokosuka
Shitaya T ASIA
Ushigome ^ Amoy
Yotsuya Aden
Fusan |g Ul
Annam
Genzan (Yuensan) TC
Anping
Gotemba ^P
Arabia ffiWttffi
Hakata .
ff
Bangkok
Hakodate gj = ~ *e??

2
Bombay ffiL ^.
Heij5 (Pyeng Yang) p-
Bur m ah m ft
Jinsen (Chemulpo) t: Canton
Kanazawa ^ Ceylon
Karuizawa $1
Changchun
Keelung HE: Chefoo
Keijo (Seoul) ^ China
Kobe jp$
Chungking
Kure ^ Hankow P
Matsuyama 15 Harbin
Moji PI Hongkong
Muroran |f| India
Nawa m Macao PI
Nagoya Malay States
Nikko Manchuria
Osaka ;fc Mukden (Hoten)
Sapporo ^L Nanking
Sasebo ^ Newchwang
Sendai fill Peking
222 GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.

Persia London
Ryojunko (Port Arthur) Moscow *& $T $
Saigon Norway m m
Shanghai Paris E II

Siam Petrograd
Siberia Poland
Singapore Portugal
Tairen (Dalny) Prussia
Taku fff Rome
Thibet Roumania & m
Tientsin Russia
Tsingtau s
Tongking Spain m as %-
Vladivostok Sweden
Weiheiwei (Ikaiei) Switzerland
Wuchang Turkey
Vienna m&&
EUROPE AMERICA
Brazil
Austria
Canada
Berlin
Chicago
Belgium a Chile
Brussels EL
Cuba
Constantinople
Mexico
Denmark
New York
England m Panama E&m
H
France
Peru m m
San Francisco
United States
Germany
Vancouver
Greece
Washington
Hamburg
Holland AFRICA
Hungary m
Italy Egypt
GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES. 223

POLYNESIA Atlantic Ocean


Black Sea
Australia
Baltic Sea
(Goshu) m m Caspian Sea ^- ?&
Hawaii
Gulf of Pechil (Bokkai ) gft
i
*g
Java
Loo Choo Is.
Indian Ocean p Jg ^
ft( #)
Inland Sea (Japan) ffi^ Fl
Manila m mm Kiaochow Bay (Koshuwan) E^if
Philippine Is. tttfffrts
South Sea Is.
Mediterranean Sea fife
*
^
Ocean
Pacific ^: -^ ^
Thursday Is.
Panama Canal
OCEANS, ETC. Red Sea |T
Suez Canal
Antarctic Ocean Yangtse River
Arctic Ocean Yellow Sea
* iE -f- -b Ep

* iE m S -- B 9

O *

m Sw
*
1
Ep
H
T
^ 9 fr ;*
*
it

it
BINDING MAY l 3 1968

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