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# COLEGIO DE SAN JUAN DE LETRAN

## COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS, SCIENCES and EDUCATION

Intramuros, Manila

MATHEMATICS AREA

## III. COURSE DESCRIPTION:

Plane and Spherical Trigonometry is a course for IT students. The course deals with the study of triangles particularly the relationship between the sides
and angles and their measurements; the six trigonometric functions of an acute angle of a right triangle; the six trigonometric functions of any angle; the solutions
of right and oblique triangles; the radian or circular measure of an angle; the fundamental identities; the inverse trigonometric functions; the graph of inverse
trigonometric functions; exponential and logarithmic functions and spherical trigonometry.

## IV. COURSE RATIONALE:

This course enables the students to develop their skills that will enable them to study effectively more advanced courses in mathematics. Furthermore,
students should gain an appreciation of mathematics as a logical science, and the subject matter should be expounded in such a way that it conforms to the
experience and maturity of the students.

## VI. COURSE OBJECTIVES:

General Objectives
At the end of the course, the students are expected to have a deeper appreciation of the course; acquired manipulative skills of the different
concepts, rules and theorems used and applied in Trigonometry.

Specific Objectives
A. Cognitive Skills
1. explain the meaning of certain mathematical, algebraic and trigonometric concepts;
2. apply these concepts in:
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2.1 classifying the triangles and the angles of a triangle;
2.2 determining the relationship between the sides and angles of a triangle;
2.3 defining the six trigonometric functions;
2.4 solving expressions and word problems involving triangles;
2.5 graphing and interpreting trigonometric functions and their inverses;
2.6 solving trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic equations

B. Psychomotor Skills
1. display ability to think effectively;
2. demonstrate ability in solving trigonometric problems;
3. use the calculator effectively as a tool in computation.

C. Affective
1. become aware of the importance of the course as a foundation of higher mathematics;
2. appreciate the need for solving problems in a systematic manner;
3. develop patience and persistence in solving problems.
4. analyze word problem with precision and accuracy;

VII. INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Worktext, scientific calculator, protractor, handouts, manipulative objects.
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## VIII. COURSE OUTLINE:

Specific Objectives Subject Matter Values Integrated Strategies and Audio-Visual Time Evaluation Learning
Teaching Methods Materials Frame outcome

• Define and classify A. Trigonometric Punctuality Lecture-Discussion Workbook 3 hours Seat work Defined and
triangles and angles of a functions of an Courteousness Sample problems Manipulative Assignment classified
triangle acute angle of a Appreciation and exercises Objects Board work angles and
right triangle Quiz triangles
-definition and
• State the Pythagorean classification of Stated the
theorem in words triangles pythagorean
- Pythagorean theorem
theorem
• Identify the given and - definition of the Accuracy Lecture Discussion 4 hours Seatwork Identified the
unknown parts of a right six trigonometric Neatness Assignment given and
triangle functions unknown parts
of a right
triangle

## • Solve problems using the solved triangles

Pythagorean theorem using the
Pythagorean
theorem.

• Define the logarithm of a B. Logarithms Patience Lecture-Discussion Overhead 3 hours Seat work Defined
number to any given base. -definitions Group Discussion projector Assignment logarithms
-kinds of Critical analysis Group Games Transparencies Board work
• Differentiate common logarithms Quiz Differentiated
logarithm from natural -properties of common from
logarithm. logarithms natural
-logarithmic and logarithm
• Write an exponential exponential
equation in logarithmic equations wrote
form and vice-versa logarithmic
expressions to
any given base
4

• define the six C. Solution of right Develop critical Lecture Handouts 4 hours Seat work Defined the six
trigonometric functions triangles and Analytical Cooperative Assignment trigo functions
thinking learning Socialized
• solve the triangle for a - six trigonometric Recitation Solved the
certain unknown part. functions unknown part
- Special triangles of a triangle

• Solve problems involving - Angles of Accuracy Group Dynamics Whiteboard 3 hours Seatwork Solved
bearings of a line elevation and Quiz problems
depression involving
- Bearings bearings of a
line

## • Evaluate the functions of

D. Trigonometric Honesty
functions of any
Lecture
discussion
– Manipulative
objects
2 hours Seatwork
Assignment
Evaluated the
functions of
multiples of 30°, 45° and angle 30°, 45°, 60°
60° - Functions of and 90° angle.
special angles
-Angles on Orderliness Group work handouts 2 hours quiz Enumerated the
• Enumerate the formulas coordinate axes formulas for
for functions of negative -Functions of functions of
angles negative angles negative
angles.

-signs of Identified
• identify the signs of trigo trigonometric quadrant and
functions in the various functions sign of any

• Solve problems using the E. Solutions of Accuracy discussion OHP 4 hours Seatwork Solved
laws of sines and cosines. Oblique Triangles Assignment problems
-law of sine quiz involving laws
- law of cosine of sines and
- Ambiguous cases cosines.
2 hours Midterm
Exam
5
• Define spherical F. Spherical Critical analysis Lecture Worktext 6 hours Assignment Defined
trigonometry Trigonometry Accuracy Group dynamics Overhead Seatwork spherical
- Basic concepts projector Quiz triangles
- Laws of sine and Patience
cosine
• Solve problems involving - Right Spherical Solved
spherical triangles Triangles problems
- Napier’s Rule involving
Triangles triangles

• identify the equation for a G. The six circular Trustworthiness Lecture Worktext 4 hours Recitation Identified
certain diagram of a circle functions Discussion Overheard Seat work equation of a
- the unit circle Neatness of projector unit circle
work. Transparencies
• evaluate values of the - Special real Assignment Evaluated the
basic circular function of numbers Accuracy Quiz values of the
special real number basic circular
function of
special real
number

• apply the angle H. The Algebra of Analysis Group dynamics Worktext 4 hours Boardwork Applied angle
sine and cosine - Angle addition formulas for
formulas for Sine sine and cosine.
and Cosine

## • express the sums of -The sum and Patience Expressed

angles into products product formulas identities
and vice versa. involving the
sum and
product of two
angles

• verify the validity of I. Trigonometric Develop Lecture Overhead 5 hours Recitation Verified
identity equations Equations resourcefulness Discussion projector Seat work validity of
- Identity Problem Analysis Transparencies identity
equations White board equations
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- Conditional
equations Develop humility Assignment Differentiated
• differentiate conditional Quiz conditional
from identity equations from identity
equations.

• Sketch the graphs of J. Graphs of Patience Lecture Graphing 5 hours Recitation Sketched
circular functions circular and inverse Logical Thinking Discussion materials Seat work circular and
circular functions Workbook inverse circular
-periodic functions functions

## • Evaluate the inverse -properties of the Boardwork Evaluated

circular functions of graphs of circular Quiz inverse circular
special real numbers. functions functions of
special real
numbers
2 hours Final Exam

## IX. TEXTBOOK: Plane and Spherical Trigonometry by Hagos, Ymas, Najjar

X. REFERENCES: 1. Panopio, Dimasuay et.al. Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) for College Trigonometry, 1999
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2. Vance, Elbridge. Modern Algebra and Trigonometry 3rd Ed.
3. Leithold, Louis. Trigonometry. 1989
4. Ponciano, Reynoso. Trigonometry. 2000
5. Rees. Trigonometry, 2000.